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Social Indicators Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694561/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-in-china-a-reassessment-with-data-from-the-2010-2012-china-family-panel-studies
#1
Hongwei Xu, Yu Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769147/applications-of-the-capability-approach-in-the-health-field-a-literature-review
#2
Paul Mark Mitchell, Tracy E Roberts, Pelham M Barton, Joanna Coast
The primary aims of this review are to document capability applications in the health field and to explore the objectives and decision-rules of studies measuring capability more broadly. Relevant studies are identified using a literature search strategy known as "comprehensive pearl growing". All studies with a primary focus on health are assessed individually, whilst a summary narrative analysis of the full review examines the objectives of capability studies. Four distinct groups in the health field are identified in the review: (1) physical activity and diet; (2) patient empowerment; (3) multidimensional poverty and (4) assessments of health and social care interventions...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769146/what-does-a-swiss-franc-mortgage-cost-the-tale-of-polish-trust-for-foreign-currency-denominated-mortgages-implications-for-well-being-and-health
#3
Piotr Białowolski, Dorota Węziak-Białowolska
It is commonly agreed that excessive household financial debts are detrimental to psychological and physical health. Research also demonstrates that housing instability, mortgage indebtedness and mortgage foreclosure negatively influence subjective well-being. In Poland at the beginning of 2015, homeowners with Swiss franc denominated mortgages suffered from an abrupt swing in the Swiss franc/Polish zloty (CHF/PLN) exchange rate, which resulted in considerable increase in the local currency value of their mortgages...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769145/assessing-how-participators-combine-acts-in-their-political-tool-kits-a-person-centered-measurement-approach-for-analyzing-citizen-participation
#4
Jennifer Oser
Scholars have recognized that a recent increase in the ways citizens participate beyond the electoral arena may be a promising avenue of renewal for citizen participation. In this article we test the theory that different kinds of citizenship norms motivate some citizens to specialize in electoral-oriented activities (e.g. voting), while others specialize in non-institutionalized activities (e.g. protest). The latent class analysis of data from the U.S. Citizen, Involvement and Democracy Survey (2005) in the current study assesses how actors combine a variety of acts in their "political tool kits" of participation, and facilitates a comparison to prior findings that analyze single political behaviors...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725101/social-policies-and-families-in-stress-gender-and-educational-differences-in-work-family-conflict-from-a-european-perspective
#5
Natascha Notten, Daniela Grunow, Ellen Verbakel
In modern welfare states, family policies may resolve the tension between employment and care-focused demands. However these policies sometimes have adverse consequences for distinct social groups. This study examined gender and educational differences in working parents' perceived work-family conflict and used a comparative approach to test whether family policies, in particular support for child care and leave from paid work, are capable of reducing work-family conflict as well as the gender and educational gaps in work-family conflict...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725100/does-women-s-empowerment-in-agriculture-matter-for-children-s-health-status-insights-from-northern-ghana
#6
Yacob A Zereyesus, Vincent Amanor-Boadu, Kara L Ross, Aleksan Shanoyan
Given that women in rural communities in developing countries are responsible for the nutrition and health-related decisions affecting children in their care, their empowerment may influence the health status of their children. The association between women's empowerment, measured by using a recently developed Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index, and children's health status is examined for a sample of households in Northern Ghana applying a Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model. The MIMIC approach is used to link multiple indicator variables with multiple independent variables through a "single underlying" latent variable...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366979/the-10-excess-phenomenon-in-responses-to-survey-questions-on-happiness
#7
Gaël Brulé, Ruut Veenhoven
Happiness in nations is typically measured in surveys using a single question. A common question is: 'all things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days on a scale from 0 to 10?'. The responses typically follow a uni-modal distribution with highest frequencies between 5 and 8. Yet in some nations, the percentage of 10 responses stands out and is higher than the percentage of 9 responses. This is particularly present in Latin America and in the Middle East. In this paper we explore the prevalence of the '10-excess' pattern and check some possible explanations...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366978/gender-parenthood-and-wage-differences-the-importance-of-time-consuming-job-characteristics
#8
Charlotta Magnusson, Magnus Nermo
Using data from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (2000, 2010), we investigate how the gender wage gap varies with occupational prestige and family status and also examine the extent to which this gap is explained by time-consuming working conditions. In addition, we investigate whether there is an association between parenthood, job characteristics and wage (as differentiated by gender). The analyses indicate that there are gender differences regarding prestige-based pay-offs among parents that are partly explained by fathers' greater access to employment characterized by time-consuming conditions...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366977/multiple-deprivation-severity-and-latent-sub-groups-advantages-of-factor-mixture-modelling-for-analysing-material-deprivation
#9
Hector E Najera Catalan
Material deprivation is represented in different forms and manifestations. Two individuals with the same deprivation score (i.e. number of deprivations), for instance, are likely to be unable to afford or access entirely or partially different sets of goods and services, while one individual may fail to purchase clothes and consumer durables and another one may lack access to healthcare and be deprived of adequate housing . As such, the number of possible patterns or combinations of multiple deprivation become increasingly complex for a higher number of indicators...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366976/losing-wallets-retaining-trust-the-relationship-between-ethnic-heterogeneity-and-trusting-coethnic-and-non-coethnic-neighbours-and-non-neighbours-to-return-a-lost-wallet
#10
J Tolsma, T W G van der Meer
The constrict claim that ethnic heterogeneity drives down social trust has been empirically tested across the globe. Meta-analyses suggest that neighbourhood ethnic heterogeneity generally undermines ties within the neighbourhood (such as trust in neighbours), but concurrently has an inconsistent or even positive effect on interethnic ties (such as outgroup trust). While the composition of the living environment thus often seems to matter, when and where remain unclear. We contribute to the literature by: (1) scrutinizing the extent to which ethnic heterogeneity drives down trust in coethnic neighbours, non-coethnic neighbours, unknown neighbours and unknown non-neighbours similarly; (2) comparing effects of heterogeneity aggregated to geographical areas that vary in scale and type of boundary; and (3) assessing whether the impact of heterogeneity of the local area depends on the wider geographic context...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163351/de-facto-versus-de-jure-political-institutions-in-the-long-run-a-multivariate-analysis-1820-2000
#11
Peter Foldvari
In this paper we use the components of the PolityIV project's polity2 and Vanhanen's Index of Democracy indicators to analyse the relationship between de jure and de facto political institutions from 1820 until 2000 with a canonical correlation method corrected for the sample selection bias. We find considerable fluctuation in the relationship between the two measures. After a moderate positive correlation found during the first half of the nineteenth century, the two measures become statistically unrelated until the 1940s...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163350/is-it-ethnic-fractionalization-or-social-exclusion-which-affects-social-cohesion
#12
Irene van Staveren, Zahid Pervaiz
The theory about missing links of economic growth often lags behind the empirical estimations of such links. A consensus has emerged that ethnic fractionalization has a negative impact on growth, also when controlled for income inequality. Often, although implicitly, the assumed channel is social cohesion. We analyse the effect of fractionalization on social cohesion with a different inequality measure, namely a social measure of inequality: the Inclusion of Minorities Index. Our results indicate that it is social exclusion, which reduces social cohesion, rather than diversity as such...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163349/political-trust-and-sophistication-taking-measurement-seriously
#13
Sedef Turper, Kees Aarts
Political trust is an important indicator of political legitimacy. Hence, seemingly decreasing levels of political trust in Western democracies have stimulated a growing body of research on the causes and consequences of political trust. However, the neglect of potential measurement problems of political trust raises doubts about the findings of earlier studies. The current study revisits the measurement of political trust and re-examines the relationship between political trust and sophistication in the Netherlands by utilizing European Social Survey (ESS) data across five time points and four-wave panel data from the Panel Component of ESS...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163348/greater-happiness-for-a-greater-number-did-the-promise-of-enlightenment-come-true
#14
Ruut Veenhoven
In the eighteenth century 'Enlightened' thinkers challenged the belief that happiness exists only in Heaven. They claimed that happiness is possible in earthly life and foresaw that greater happiness would be achieved using reason. Did this promise of greater happiness come true? Several scholars doubt that we have become any happier and some claim that happiness has declined. These critical claims are tested using the time trend data available in the World Database of Happiness, which cover the period 1950-2010 and involve 1531 data points in 67 nations yielding 199 time-series ranging for 10 to more than 40 years...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597801/measurement-of-women-s-agency-in-egypt-a-national-validation-study
#15
Kathryn M Yount, Kristin E VanderEnde, Sylvie Dodell, Yuk Fai Cheong
Despite widespread assumptions about women's empowerment and agency in the Arab Middle East, psychometric research of these constructs is limited. Using national data from 6214 married women ages 16-49 who took part in the 2006 Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey, we applied factor analysis to explore and then to test the factor structure of women's agency. We then used multiple indicator multiple cause structural equations models to test for differential item functioning (DIF) by women's age at first marriage, a potential resource for women's agency...
September 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242390/china-s-marriage-squeeze-a-decomposition-into-age-and-sex-structure
#16
Quanbao Jiang, Xiaomin Li, Shuzhuo Li, Marcus W Feldman
Most recent studies of marriage patterns in China have emphasized the male-biased sex ratio but have largely neglected age structure as a factor in China's male marriage squeeze. In this paper we develop an index we call "spousal sex ratio" (SSR) to measure the marriage squeeze, and a method of decomposing the proportion of male surplus into age and sex structure effects within a small spousal age difference interval. We project that China's marriage market will be confronted with a relatively severe male squeeze...
June 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026752/reliability-validity-and-variability-of-the-subjective-well-being-questions-in-the-2010-american-time-use-survey
#17
Yoonjoo Lee, Sandra L Hofferth, Sarah M Flood, Kimberly Fisher
Part of a wider range of investigations to produce generally acceptable standards for measuring affective well-being, time diary surveys have tested several approaches to measuring subjective well-being during diary days. As an alternative to the standard approach of asking a single question about each activity reported in time diary surveys, the 2010 module of the American Time Use Survey asked six emotion questions about three activities. The perception questions captured how happy, meaningful, sad, tired, stressed, or in pain respondents felt on a 7-point scale...
April 1, 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769144/fertility-intention-son-preference-and-second-childbirth-survey-findings-from-shaanxi-province-of-china
#18
Quanbao Jiang, Ying Li, Jesús J Sanchez-Barricarte
China is characterized by a low fertility intention, a strong preference for sons, as well as a stringent birth control policy. In this study, we used data from a Fertility Intention and Behavior Survey of 2101 questionnaires conducted in 2013 in Shaanxi Province of northwestern China, and event history analysis methods to examine the effect of fertility intention and preference for sons on the probability of having a second child. The results not only validate the correlation of fertility intention with having a second child empirically, even in the low fertility intention and stringent birth control context of China, but also show that women with a preference for sons were less likely to have a second child...
February 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924878/women-s-political-empowerment-and-investments-in-primary-schooling-in-india
#19
Nafisa Halim, Kathryn M Yount, Solveig A Cunningham, Rohini P Pande
Using a national district-level dataset of India composed of information on investments in primary schooling (data from the District Information Survey for Education [DISE, 2007/8]) and information on demographic characteristics of elected officials (data from the Election Commission of India [ECI, 2000/04]), we examined the relationship between women's representation in State Legislative Assembly (SLA) seats and district-level investments in primary schooling. We used OLS regressions adjusting for confounders and spatial autocorrelation, and estimated separate models for North and South India...
February 1, 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881893/what-predicts-adolescent-delinquent-behavior-in-hong-kong-a-longitudinal-study-of-personal-and-family-factors
#20
Daniel T L Shek, Li Lin
Using four waves of data from Secondary 1 to Secondary 4 (N = 3328 students at Wave 1), this study examined the development of delinquent behavior and its relationships with economic disadvantage, family non-intactness, family quality of life (i.e., family functioning) and personal well-being (i.e., positive youth development) among Hong Kong adolescents. Individual growth curve models revealed that delinquent behavior increased during this period, and adolescents living in non-intact families (vs. intact families) reported higher initial levels of delinquent behavior while those living in poor families (vs...
2016: Social Indicators Research
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