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Social Indicators Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366979/the-10-excess-phenomenon-in-responses-to-survey-questions-on-happiness
#1
Gaël Brulé, Ruut Veenhoven
Happiness in nations is typically measured in surveys using a single question. A common question is: 'all things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days on a scale from 0 to 10?'. The responses typically follow a uni-modal distribution with highest frequencies between 5 and 8. Yet in some nations, the percentage of 10 responses stands out and is higher than the percentage of 9 responses. This is particularly present in Latin America and in the Middle East. In this paper we explore the prevalence of the '10-excess' pattern and check some possible explanations...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366978/gender-parenthood-and-wage-differences-the-importance-of-time-consuming-job-characteristics
#2
Charlotta Magnusson, Magnus Nermo
Using data from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (2000, 2010), we investigate how the gender wage gap varies with occupational prestige and family status and also examine the extent to which this gap is explained by time-consuming working conditions. In addition, we investigate whether there is an association between parenthood, job characteristics and wage (as differentiated by gender). The analyses indicate that there are gender differences regarding prestige-based pay-offs among parents that are partly explained by fathers' greater access to employment characterized by time-consuming conditions...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366977/multiple-deprivation-severity-and-latent-sub-groups-advantages-of-factor-mixture-modelling-for-analysing-material-deprivation
#3
Hector E Najera Catalan
Material deprivation is represented in different forms and manifestations. Two individuals with the same deprivation score (i.e. number of deprivations), for instance, are likely to be unable to afford or access entirely or partially different sets of goods and services, while one individual may fail to purchase clothes and consumer durables and another one may lack access to healthcare and be deprived of adequate housing . As such, the number of possible patterns or combinations of multiple deprivation become increasingly complex for a higher number of indicators...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366976/losing-wallets-retaining-trust-the-relationship-between-ethnic-heterogeneity-and-trusting-coethnic-and-non-coethnic-neighbours-and-non-neighbours-to-return-a-lost-wallet
#4
J Tolsma, T W G van der Meer
The constrict claim that ethnic heterogeneity drives down social trust has been empirically tested across the globe. Meta-analyses suggest that neighbourhood ethnic heterogeneity generally undermines ties within the neighbourhood (such as trust in neighbours), but concurrently has an inconsistent or even positive effect on interethnic ties (such as outgroup trust). While the composition of the living environment thus often seems to matter, when and where remain unclear. We contribute to the literature by: (1) scrutinizing the extent to which ethnic heterogeneity drives down trust in coethnic neighbours, non-coethnic neighbours, unknown neighbours and unknown non-neighbours similarly; (2) comparing effects of heterogeneity aggregated to geographical areas that vary in scale and type of boundary; and (3) assessing whether the impact of heterogeneity of the local area depends on the wider geographic context...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163351/de-facto-versus-de-jure-political-institutions-in-the-long-run-a-multivariate-analysis-1820-2000
#5
Peter Foldvari
In this paper we use the components of the PolityIV project's polity2 and Vanhanen's Index of Democracy indicators to analyse the relationship between de jure and de facto political institutions from 1820 until 2000 with a canonical correlation method corrected for the sample selection bias. We find considerable fluctuation in the relationship between the two measures. After a moderate positive correlation found during the first half of the nineteenth century, the two measures become statistically unrelated until the 1940s...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163350/is-it-ethnic-fractionalization-or-social-exclusion-which-affects-social-cohesion
#6
Irene van Staveren, Zahid Pervaiz
The theory about missing links of economic growth often lags behind the empirical estimations of such links. A consensus has emerged that ethnic fractionalization has a negative impact on growth, also when controlled for income inequality. Often, although implicitly, the assumed channel is social cohesion. We analyse the effect of fractionalization on social cohesion with a different inequality measure, namely a social measure of inequality: the Inclusion of Minorities Index. Our results indicate that it is social exclusion, which reduces social cohesion, rather than diversity as such...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163349/political-trust-and-sophistication-taking-measurement-seriously
#7
Sedef Turper, Kees Aarts
Political trust is an important indicator of political legitimacy. Hence, seemingly decreasing levels of political trust in Western democracies have stimulated a growing body of research on the causes and consequences of political trust. However, the neglect of potential measurement problems of political trust raises doubts about the findings of earlier studies. The current study revisits the measurement of political trust and re-examines the relationship between political trust and sophistication in the Netherlands by utilizing European Social Survey (ESS) data across five time points and four-wave panel data from the Panel Component of ESS...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163348/greater-happiness-for-a-greater-number-did-the-promise-of-enlightenment-come-true
#8
Ruut Veenhoven
In the eighteenth century 'Enlightened' thinkers challenged the belief that happiness exists only in Heaven. They claimed that happiness is possible in earthly life and foresaw that greater happiness would be achieved using reason. Did this promise of greater happiness come true? Several scholars doubt that we have become any happier and some claim that happiness has declined. These critical claims are tested using the time trend data available in the World Database of Happiness, which cover the period 1950-2010 and involve 1531 data points in 67 nations yielding 199 time-series ranging for 10 to more than 40 years...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597801/measurement-of-women-s-agency-in-egypt-a-national-validation-study
#9
Kathryn M Yount, Kristin E VanderEnde, Sylvie Dodell, Yuk Fai Cheong
Despite widespread assumptions about women's empowerment and agency in the Arab Middle East, psychometric research of these constructs is limited. Using national data from 6214 married women ages 16-49 who took part in the 2006 Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey, we applied factor analysis to explore and then to test the factor structure of women's agency. We then used multiple indicator multiple cause structural equations models to test for differential item functioning (DIF) by women's age at first marriage, a potential resource for women's agency...
September 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242390/china-s-marriage-squeeze-a-decomposition-into-age-and-sex-structure
#10
Quanbao Jiang, Xiaomin Li, Shuzhuo Li, Marcus W Feldman
Most recent studies of marriage patterns in China have emphasized the male-biased sex ratio but have largely neglected age structure as a factor in China's male marriage squeeze. In this paper we develop an index we call "spousal sex ratio" (SSR) to measure the marriage squeeze, and a method of decomposing the proportion of male surplus into age and sex structure effects within a small spousal age difference interval. We project that China's marriage market will be confronted with a relatively severe male squeeze...
June 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026752/reliability-validity-and-variability-of-the-subjective-well-being-questions-in-the-2010-american-time-use-survey
#11
Yoonjoo Lee, Sandra L Hofferth, Sarah M Flood, Kimberly Fisher
Part of a wider range of investigations to produce generally acceptable standards for measuring affective well-being, time diary surveys have tested several approaches to measuring subjective well-being during diary days. As an alternative to the standard approach of asking a single question about each activity reported in time diary surveys, the 2010 module of the American Time Use Survey asked six emotion questions about three activities. The perception questions captured how happy, meaningful, sad, tired, stressed, or in pain respondents felt on a 7-point scale...
April 1, 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924878/women-s-political-empowerment-and-investments-in-primary-schooling-in-india
#12
Nafisa Halim, Kathryn M Yount, Solveig A Cunningham, Rohini P Pande
Using a national district-level dataset of India composed of information on investments in primary schooling (data from the District Information Survey for Education [DISE, 2007/8]) and information on demographic characteristics of elected officials (data from the Election Commission of India [ECI, 2000/04]), we examined the relationship between women's representation in State Legislative Assembly (SLA) seats and district-level investments in primary schooling. We used OLS regressions adjusting for confounders and spatial autocorrelation, and estimated separate models for North and South India...
February 1, 2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881893/what-predicts-adolescent-delinquent-behavior-in-hong-kong-a-longitudinal-study-of-personal-and-family-factors
#13
Daniel T L Shek, Li Lin
Using four waves of data from Secondary 1 to Secondary 4 (N = 3328 students at Wave 1), this study examined the development of delinquent behavior and its relationships with economic disadvantage, family non-intactness, family quality of life (i.e., family functioning) and personal well-being (i.e., positive youth development) among Hong Kong adolescents. Individual growth curve models revealed that delinquent behavior increased during this period, and adolescents living in non-intact families (vs. intact families) reported higher initial levels of delinquent behavior while those living in poor families (vs...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881892/income-inequality-income-and-internet-searches-for-status-goods-a-cross-national-study-of-the-association-between-inequality-and-well-being
#14
Lukasz Walasek, Gordon D A Brown
Is there a positive association between a nation's income inequality and concerns with status competition within that nation? Here we use Google Correlate and Google Trends to examine frequency of internet search terms and find that people in countries in which income inequality is high search relatively more frequently for positional brand names such as Prada, Louis Vuitton, or Chanel. This tendency is stronger among well-developed countries. We find no evidence that income alone is associated with searches for positional goods...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829704/emancipating-sexuality-breakthroughs-into-a-bulwark-of-tradition
#15
Amy C Alexander, Ronald Inglehart, Christian Welzel
This article presents evidence for a rising emancipatory spirit, across generations and around the world, in a life domain in which religion hitherto blocked emancipatory gains: sexual freedoms. We propose an explanation of rising emancipative values that integrates several approaches into a single idea-the utility ladder of freedoms. Specifically, we suggest that objectively improving living conditions-from rising life expectancies to broader education-transform the nature of life from a source of threats into a source of opportunities...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829703/the-measurement-of-ethnic-and-religious-divisions-spatial-temporal-and-categorical-dimensions-with-evidence-from-mindanao-the-philippines
#16
Omar Shahabudin McDoom, Rachel M Gisselquist
An ever-expanding body of empirical research suggests that ethno-religious divisions adversely impact a host of normatively desirable objectives linked to the quality of life in society, implicitly representing a strong challenge to multiculturalist theory and policies. The appropriate conceptualization and measurement of ethno-religious divisions has consequently become the subject of complex methodological debate. This article unpacks some of this complexity and provides a synthetic critique of how eight key measures each capture the notion of divisions and relate to each other conceptually, theoretically, and empirically within a divided society...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656037/geographical-mobility-income-life-satisfaction-and-family-size-preferences-an-empirical-study-on-rural-households-in-shaanxi-and-henan-provinces-in-china
#17
Jiangsheng Chen, Hong Yang
Employing data from the China rural-urban mobility survey conducted in 2010, this study investigates the influence of family demographic characteristics on the income, life satisfaction, and potential for rural-urban mobility at the rural household level of two provinces of China: Shaanxi and Henan. A larger labor force in a rural household was found to reduce a family's ability or inclination to move to a city. The findings reveal that family size negatively affects the average income per family member and reduces the marginal income of the labor force and that minor children can improve the life satisfaction of family members...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635113/interactions-between-policy-effects-population-characteristics-and-the-tax-benefit-system-an-illustration-using-child-poverty-and-child-related-policies-in-romania-and-the-czech-republic
#18
Silvia Avram, Eva Militaru
We investigate the impact of the Romanian and Czech family policy systems on the poverty risk of families with children. We focus on separating out the effects of policy design itself and size of benefits from the interaction between policies and population characteristics. We find that interactions between population characteristics, the wider tax benefit system and child related policies are pervasive and large. Both population characteristics and the wider tax-benefit environment can dramatically alter the antipoverty effect of a given set of policies...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635112/determinants-of-intergenerational-downward-mobility-in-the-netherlands
#19
Lex Thijssen, Maarten H J Wolbers
Several studies have shown that Dutch society has become more open in the last few decades as a result of increasing opportunities for upward social mobility. However, recently it has been observed that the likelihood of downward social mobility has increased for the youngest (male) birth cohorts in the Netherlands. Despite this recent finding, social stratification research has paid little attention to test explanations of downward mobility. This article tries to fill in this knowledge gap by testing three theoretical perspectives that aim to explain intergenerational downward occupational mobility of individuals...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635111/multidimensional-poverty-in-indonesia-trend-over-the-last-decade-2003-2013
#20
Wulung Hanandita, Gindo Tampubolon
The notion of poverty as an experience of multiple deprivation has been widely acknowledged. In Indonesia, however, poverty assessment has almost exclusively been conducted within the monetary space; even when multidimensionality is admitted, it has always been computed using variants of marginal method that are indifferent to joint deprivation. Applying a novel measurement method that is sensitive to both the incidence and the intensity of multiple deprivation to data from the National Socio-economic Survey (Susenas), this paper investigates the extent and the patterns of multidimensional poverty in Indonesia from 2003 to 2013 ([Formula: see text])...
2016: Social Indicators Research
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