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JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507387/multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-prenatal-diagnosis-and-post-natal-management-of-a-large-suprasellar-arachnoid-cyst-a-case-report
#1
Omar Irfan, Heera Nand Rathore, Sarfraz Karim, Shabina Ariff, Aneela Darbar
Arachnoid cysts are intra-arachnoid sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid representing a rare occurence in neonates. We report the case of a suprasellar arachnoid cyst diagnosed prenatally at 21 weeks gestation on routine obstetric ultrasound. A cystic lesion was picked up incidentally at routine antenatal scan. The cyst was noted to be increasing in size over a series of radiological scans. The cyst was diagnosed as a suprasellar arachnoid cyst compressing the third ventricle and bilateral lateral ventricles...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507386/publish-or-perish-a-sign-of-caution-for-authors-to-avoid-predatory-journals
#2
Aamir Raoof Memon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507385/higher-education-needs-more-improvement-the-case-of-pakistan
#3
Aamir Raoof Memon, Malik Muhammad Ali Awan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507384/intraosseous-access-over-central-venous-or-peripheral-venous-line-as-an-initial-means-of-resuscitation-a-possible-measure-for-improving-outcomes-of-cardiac-arrests
#4
Saad Ullah, Anas Siddiqui, Noman Ahmed Jang Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507383/short-term-antibacterial-efficacy-of-a-new-silver-nanoparticle-containing-toothbrush
#5
Ozgul Baygin, Tamer Tuzuner, Nagehan Yilmaz, Simge Aksoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507382/prognostic-significance-of-idh-1-mutation-in-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme
#6
Inamullah Khan, Muhammad Waqas, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim
Focus of brain tumour research is shifting towards tumour genesis and genetics, and possible development of individualized treatment plans. Genetic analysis shows recurrent mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1) gene in most Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells. In this review we evaluated the prognostic significance of IDH 1 mutation on the basis of published evidence. Multiple retrospective clinical analyses correlate the presence of IDH1 mutation in GBM with good prognostic outcomes compared to wild-type IDH1...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507381/sleep-hygiene-and-diabetes-suggestions-for-primary-care
#7
Avinash De Sousa, Sanjay Kalra
Sleep problems are common in chronic disorders like diabetes and are the result of poor diet and unhealthy lifestyles. Comprehensive management of diabetes entails lifestyle management and restoration of good habits. Sleep hygiene maintenance helps persons living with diabetes enjoy a better quality of life by restoring normal sleep patterns and thereby improving glycaemic control.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507380/malaria-and-diabetes
#8
Sanjay Kalra, Deepak Khandelwal, Rajiv Singla, Sameer Aggarwal, Deep Dutta
Both malaria and diabetes are more common in the developing world, and are major public health challenges. A direct relationship between these 2 conditions has not been evaluated. This review article assessed the literature guaging the relationship between these two conditions, and suggests a pragmatic approach to management. References for this review were identified through searches of PubMed, Medline, and Embase for articles published to October 2016 using the terms "diabetes" [MeSH Terms] AND "malaria" [All Fields]...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507379/accuracy-of-frozen-sections-in-oral-cancer-resections-an-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#9
Sayed Akbar Abbas, Mubasher Ikram, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Ahmed Raheem, Javeria Saeed
The aim our study was to determine the accuracy of frozen sections in oral cancer resections. Patients who underwent oral cancer resection at Patel Hospital were included in the study. Tissues for frozen sections were obtained from the mucosal margins and tumour bed. Frozen sections were compared with the paraffin embedded sections which served as the gold standard in our study. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, accuracy and kappa statistics were calculated. A total of 299 frozen sections were obtained from 77 patients who underwent oral cancer resection, mean (3...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507378/case-series-of-rare-interstitial-lung-disease-ild
#10
Naveed Haroon Rashid, Saba Farooq, Mohammad Ahmed, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disease where periodic acid Schiff (PAS)-positive eosinophilic material accumulates in the alveoli of the lungs. Here we describe two cases of young males who presented with dynpnoea and weight loss. The HRCT scan of the chest in both cases showed the typical "crazy-paving" pattern and lung biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of PAP. They showed remarkable symptomatic improvement with therapeutic whole lung lavage.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507377/spontaneous-evisceration-of-umbilical-hernia-in-a-patient-with-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome
#11
Nilufer Goknar, Gokhan Gundogdu, Mehmet Kucukkoc, Aysegul Dogan Demir, Aysel Vehapoglu, Faruk Oktem
Congenital nephrotic syndrome is a term used to describe a condition in babies who develop severe proteinuria and hypoalbuminaemia within their first three months of life. They generally have oedema and ascites from birth which, because of increased intra-abdominal pressure, can result in an umbilical hernia. The report presents a five-month old infant with congenital nephrotic syndrome who had spontaneous umbilical hernia rupture with evisceration. The approach to umbilical hernias is usually conservative, but in selected cases elective surgery may be indicated...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507376/extraoral-approach-of-the-surgical-treatment-of-sublingual-epidermoid-cyst-a-case-report
#12
Yavuz Findik, Olgun Topal, Mehmet Fatih Senturk, Timucin Baykul
Epidermoid and dermoid cysts account for <0.01% of all oral cavity lesions with dermoid cyst which is twice as common to epidermoid. Epidermoid cysts are benign lesions that occur rarely in children. They usually present early in life as an asymptomatic mass. The treatment option is surgical and intraoral or extraoral approaches can be performed according to the localization and size of the mass. This report presents an 11 year old child with a sublingual epidermoid cyst treated extraorally.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507375/twin-abdominal-pregnancy-a-rare-scenario
#13
Faiqa Chughtai
Twin abdominal pregnancy is rarely encountered by gynaecologists throughout their professional career. It poses a challenge in terms of diagnosis and management. This case report is about a patient who was diagnosed and successfully managed for this complication at a peripheral hospital of Pakistan Armed Forces.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507374/ophthalmo-genetic-analysis-of-pakistani-patients-with-nonsyndromic-oculocutaneous-albinism-through-whole-exome-sequencing
#14
Hadia Gul, Muhammad Zeeshan Ali, Ejazullah Khan, Muhammad Zubair, Muhammad Badar, Saadullah Khan, Abdul Haleem Shah, Muzammil Ahmad Khan
Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a disorder of defective melanin biosynthesis that is characterized by hypo-pigmentation of skin, hair and retinal pigment epithelium. Phenotypically, OCA patients exhibit white milky skin, whitish to golden hair and deterioration of retinal cells. Until recently, genetic studies have reported seven causative genes (TYR, TYRP1, OCA2, SLC45A2, SLC24A2, C10ORF11 and MCIR) and an uncharacterized OCA5 locus. Herein we present the medico-genetic study of three Pakistani patients inheriting autosomal recessive OCA...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507373/comparison-of-low-level-laser-therapy-and-interferential-current-on-post-stroke-shoulder-pain
#15
Fahmida Jan, Aamir Naeem, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Imran Amjad, Tariq Malik
The objective of the study was to compare the effects of LASER therapy and Interferential current on post stroke shoulder pain. Diagnosed patients (n=38) of post stroke shoulder pain were randomly divided into two groups i.e., LASER group (LG =20 patients) and Interferential current group (IFCG=18 patients). The variables under study were pain, satisfaction, disability, and function level before and after treatment. Improvement in pain and satisfaction level after LASER therapy was significant (p<0.001)...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507372/medicinal-role-of-papaya-seeds-on-thrombocyte-count-tested-on-healthy-rabbits
#16
Asif Ahmed, Farhat Jehan
The main objective of the current study is to evaluate the medicinal role of Papaya seeds on thrombocyte count and hepatic parameter on healthy rabbits. Experimental and Interventional study, at the Department of pharmacology Baqai Medical University Karachi. Rabbits (18 in number different age and both sex) were included, subsequently subdivided into three group (n=6). Group A (Control), B and C (sample fed dose 250 & 500mg OD, oral route). Blood were drawn 0 time, subsequently samples were drawn at 15, 30, 45 days...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507371/intellectual-wellness-in-medical-university-teachers-gender-based-comparison
#17
Sadiqa Syed, Rehana Rehman, Mehwish Hussain, Saifullah Shaikh
A cross section, questionnaire based study was carried out from January 2012 till December 2014 to compare intellectual wellness (IW) awareness on the basis of gender in teachers of basic sciences at medical universities of Karachi, Pakistan. Data was collected from 3 public and 5 private medical universities of Karachi, Pakistan. Questionnaire was tailored from "Wellness Wheel" and responses were aggregated for eight questions in the dimension of IW to obtain aggregate IW score. Reliability of the questionnaire was measured using Cronbach's alpha...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507370/a-comparative-study-of-dynamic-soft-tissue-mobilization-vs-passive-stretching-technique-to-improve-the-flexibility-of-hamstrings-in-cricket-players
#18
Mohsin Abbas, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor
Different therapies are available for correcting the tightness of hamstring muscles. Objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Dynamic Soft Tissue Mobilization DSTM technique and Passive Stretching PS to improve the flexibility of tight hamstrings in cricket players. A total of 120 cricket players having tightness of hamstrings were enrolled and randomized into two groups A and B using lottery method. Group-A was treated with DSTM and group-B with PS to improve the flexibility of hamstrings...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507369/nature-scope-and-use-of-economic-evaluation-of-healthcare-programmes-with-special-reference-to-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Ashar Malik, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Farina Gul Abrejo
Economic evaluation (EE)/cost effectiveness analysis(CEA) of healthcare programmes is an emerging area, yet the resource base to apprehend EE/CEA is very limited in Pakistan. This paper attempts to fill this gap by providing a basic text in the field of EE with special reference to Pakistan. We used four dimensional criteria (available, relevant, complete and accurate) for reviewing the EE contents in the locally available textbooks and reading material on public health. We find CEA as core competency and skill of medical doctors in undergraduate medical curricula yet we could not find EE contents in the recommended textbooks...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507368/the-confounding-factors-leading-to-plagiarism-in-academic-writing-and-some-suggested-remedies-a-systematic-review
#20
Salman Yousuf Guraya, Shaista Salman Guraya
There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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