journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233785/angiotensin-ii-receptor-blocker-valsartan-ameliorates-cardiac-fibrosis-partly-by-inhibiting-mir-21-expression-in-diabetic-nephropathy-mice
#1
Jinyang Wang, Lijun Duan, Yanbin Gao, Shuhong Zhou, Yongming Liu, Suhong Wei, Siqin An, Jing Liu, Liming Tian, Shaocheng Wang
Cardiac fibrosis with diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of major diabetic complications. miR-21 and MMP-9 were closely associated with fibrosis diseases. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) have cardioprotective effects. However, it remains unclear whether miR-21 was involved in the mechanism of cardiac fibrosis with DN by target MMP-9 and ARB ameliorates cardiac fibrosis partly by inhibiting miR-21 expression. In this study, In Situ Hybridization(ISH), RT-PCR, cell transfection, western blotting and laser confocal telescope were used, respectively...
December 9, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229408/imbalance-in-dna-repair-machinery-is-associated-with-brafv600e-mutation-and-tumor-aggressiveness-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#2
Bruna S Lutz, Natalia M Leguisamo, Nicole K Cabral, Helena C Gloria, Keli C Reiter, Grasiela Agnes, Virgilio Zanella, Erika L S Meyer, Jenifer Saffi
The involvement of alterations in MLH1, an essential mismatch repair component, in BRAFV600E mutated papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has been suggested to be associated with features of tumor aggressiveness. Thirty-two PTC and surrounding normal thyroid tissues were evaluated for 11 representative DNA repair genes expression. BRAFV600E mutational status assessment and clinicopathological correlations were evaluated for their gene and protein expression. BRAFV600E PTC is associated with lower levels of XPD and MLH1 gene expression...
December 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225069/stimulation-of-b-raf-increases-c-jun-and-c-fos-expression-and-upregulates-ap-1-regulated-gene-transcription-in-insulinoma-cells
#3
Daniel S Langfermann, Oliver G Rössler, Gerald Thiel
Stimulation of pancreatic β-cells with glucose activates the protein kinases B-Raf and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase that participate in glucose sensing. Inhibition of both kinases results in impairment of glucose-regulated gene transcription. To analyze the signaling pathway controlled by B-Raf, we expressed a conditionally active form of B-Raf in INS-1 insulinoma cells. Here, we show that stimulation of B-Raf strongly activated the transcription factor AP-1 which is accompanied by increased c-Jun and c-Fos promoter activities, an upregulation of c-Jun and c-Fos biosynthesis, and elevated transcriptional activation potentials of c-Jun and c-Fos...
December 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225068/lysophosphatidylcholine-and-its-phosphorothioate-analogues-potentiate-insulin-secretion-via-gpr40-ffar1-gpr55-and-gpr119-receptors-in-a-different-manner
#4
Anna Drzazga, Hjalti Kristinsson, Maciej Sałaga, Hubert Zatorski, Maria Koziołkiewicz, Edyta Gendaszewska-Darmach, Peter Bergsten
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is an endogenous ligand for GPR119 receptor, mediating glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). We demonstrate that LPC facilitates GSIS in MIN6 pancreatic β-cell line and murine islets of Langerhans by recognizing not only GPR119 but also GPR40 (free fatty acid receptor 1) and GPR55 activated by lysophosphatidylinositol. Natural LPCs are unstable when administered in vivo limiting their therapeutic value and therefore, we present phosphorothioate LPC analogues with increased stability...
December 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208420/the-inhibitor-of-connexin-cx36-channels-mefloquine-inhibits-voltage-dependent-ca2-channels-and-insulin-secretion
#5
Nele Seemann, Andrea Welling, Ingo Rustenbeck
The antimalarial agent, mefloquine, inhibits the function of connexin Cx36 gap junctions and hemichannels and has thus become a tool to investigate their physiological relevance in pancreatic islets. In view of earlier reports on a KATP channel-block by mefloquine, the specificity of mefloquine as a pharmacological tool was investigated. Mouse pancreatic islets and single beta cells were used to measure membrane potential, whole cell currents, Ca2+ channel activity, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and insulin secretion...
December 2, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203371/high-glucose-up-regulates-semaphorin-3a-expression-via-the-mtor-signaling-pathway-in-keratinocytes-a-potential-mechanism-and-therapeutic-target-for-diabetic-small-fiber-neuropathy
#6
Liang-Yan Wu, Mei Li, Min-Li Qu, Xin Li, Lin-Hua Pi, Zi Chen, Shan-Lei Zhou, Xiao-Qing Yi, Xia-Jie Shi, Jing Wu, Shan Wang
Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a common complication in diabetes, and is characterized by decreased intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD). Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), which is produced by keratinocytes, has a chemorepulsive effect on intraepidermal nerve fibers. mTOR signaling can mediate local protein synthesis that is critical for growth of axons and dendrites. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether Sema3A is up-regulated in diabetic keratinocytes via the mTOR-mediated p70 S6K and 4E-BP1 signaling pathways, and furthermore whether it is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic SFN...
December 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191698/micrornas-361-5p-and-mir-574-5p-associate-with-human-adipose-morphology-and-regulate-ebf1-expression-in-white-adipose-tissue
#7
Yasmina Belarbi, Niklas Mejhert, Hui Gao, Peter Arner, Mikael Rydén, Agné Kulyté
Reduced adipose expression of the transcription factor Early B cell factor 1 (EBF1) is linked to white adipose tissue (WAT) hypertrophy. We aimed to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with WAT hypertrophy and EBF1 regulation. We mapped WAT miRNA expression from 26 non-obese women discordant in WAT morphology and determined EBF1 activity in the non-obese and 30 obese women. Expression of 15 miRNAs was higher in hypertrophy and 10 were predicted to target EBF1. Binding of miR-365-5p/miR-574-5p were validated with 3'-UTR assay...
November 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191697/deliverable-transgenics-gene-therapy-possibilities-for-the-testes
#8
REVIEW
Annalucia Darbey, Lee B Smith
Male infertility and hypogonadism are clinically prevalent conditions with a high socioeconomic burden and are both linked to an increased risk in cardiovascular-metabolic diseases and earlier mortality. Therefore, there is an urgent need to better understand the causes and develop new treatments for these conditions that affect millions of men. The accelerating advancement in gene editing and delivery technologies promises improvements in both diagnosis as well as affording the opportunity to develop bespoke treatment options which would both prove beneficial for the millions of individuals afflicted with these reproductive disorders...
November 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183809/the-effects-of-high-glucose-exposure-on-global-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-in-human-pancreatic-islets
#9
Elin Hall, Marloes Dekker Nitert, Petr Volkov, Siri Malmgren, Hindrik Mulder, Karl Bacos, Charlotte Ling
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex disease characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia. The effects of elevated glucose on global gene expression in combination with DNA methylation patterns have not yet been studied in human pancreatic islets. Our aim was to study the impact of 48 h exposure to high (19 mM) versus control (5.6 mM) glucose levels on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, gene expression and DNA methylation in human pancreatic islets. RESULTS: While islets kept at 5...
November 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183808/the-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-binds-to-the-nuclear-matrix-via-its-hinge-domain-a-potential-mechanism-for-the-reduction-in-vdr-mediated-transcription-in-mitotic-cells
#10
Xiaoying Cui, Renata Pertile, Darryl W Eyles
Vitamin D is best known for its regulation of calcium homeostasis. Vitamin D exerts its genomic actions via the vitamin D receptor (VDR). As a member of the superfamily of nuclear receptors, the VDR is primarily located within the nucleus of non-dividing cells. We show here that the VDR relocates from the nucleus into the cytoplasm across all stages of cell division in CHO cells. Furthermore, we show that the VDR is transcriptionally inert during cell division. In addition, 1α, 25 dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3) promotes VDR binding to the nuclear matrix...
November 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183807/neonatal-overfeeding-increases-capacity-for-catecholamine-biosynthesis-from-the-adrenal-gland-acutely-and-long-term-in-the-male-rat
#11
Luba Sominsky, Lin Kooi Ong, Ilvana Ziko, Phillip W Dickson, Sarah J Spencer
A poor nutritional environment during early development has long been known to increase disease susceptibility later in life. We have previously shown that rats that are overfed as neonates (i.e. suckled in small litters (4 pups) relative to control conditions (12 pups)) show dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to immune stress in adulthood, particularly due to an altered capacity of the adrenal to respond to an immune challenge. Here we hypothesised that neonatal overfeeding similarly affects the sympathomedullary system, testing this by investigating the biochemical function of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the first rate-limiting enzyme in the catecholamine synthesis...
November 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183806/the-antagonist-properties-of-bazedoxifene-after-acute-treatment-are-shifted-to-stimulatory-action-after-chronic-exposure-in-the-liver-but-not-in-the-uterus
#12
Mélissa Buscato, Coralie Fontaine, Aurélie Fabre, Alexia Vinel, Marie-Cécile Valera, Emmanuelle Noirrit, Maeva Guillaume, Bernard Payrastre, Raphaël Métivier, Jean-François Arnal
A promising alternative to conventional hormone therapy for postmenopausal symptoms is treatment combining Bazedoxifene (BZA), a third-generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), and conjugated equine estrogen (CE). This combination is also known as a tissue-selective estrogen complex (TSEC). Understanding the tissue-specific actions of SERMs and the TSEC remains a major challenge to try to predict their clinical effects. The aim of this study was to compare acute versus chronic treatment with BZA, CE or CE + BZA in two major targets of estrogens, the uterus and the liver...
November 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183805/proteome-profiles-of-different-types-of-thyroid-cancers
#13
Marta Gawin, Anna Wojakowska, Monika Pietrowska, Łukasz Marczak, Mykola Chekan, Karol Jelonek, Dariusz Lange, Roman Jaksik, Aleksandra Gruca, Piotr Widłak
Proteomics profiling of tissue specimens representative for major types of thyroid cancers: papillary (classical and follicular variant), follicular, anaplastic and medullary, as well as benign follicular adenoma, was performed using shotgun LC-MS/MS approaches. A combination of Orbitrap and MALDI-TOF approach allowed to identify protein products of 3700 unique genes and revealed large differences between medullary, anaplastic and epithelium-derived differentiated cancers (papillary and follicular). Proteins characteristic for medullary and anaplastic cancers included factors associated with neuroendocrine functions and factors typically associated with advanced malignancies, respectively...
November 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180110/interleukin-6-inhibits-the-differentiation-of-rat-stem-leydig-cells
#14
Yiyan Wang, Lanlan Chen, Lubin Xie, Linchao Li, Xiaoheng Li, Huitao Li, Jianpeng Liu, Xianwu Chen, Baiping Mao, Tiantian Song, Qingquan Lian, Ren-Shan Ge
Inflammation causes male hypogonadism. Several inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin 6 (IL-6), are released into the blood and may suppress Leydig cell development. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether IL-6 affected the proliferation and differentiation of rat stem Leydig cells. Leydig cell-depleted rat testis (in vivo) and seminiferous tubules (in vitro) with ethane dimethane sulfonate (EDS) were used to explore the effects of IL-6 on stem Leydig cell development. Intratesticular injection of IL-6 (10 and 100 ng/testis) from post-EDS day 14 to 28 blocked the regeneration of Leydig cells, as shown by the lower serum testosterone levels (21...
November 24, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180109/relaxin-induces-up-regulation-of-adam10-metalloprotease-in-rxfp1-expressing-cells-by-pi3k-akt-signaling
#15
Giulia Boccalini, Chiara Sassoli, Daniele Bani, Silvia Nistri
ADAM10 metalloprotease is required for activation of Notch-1, a transmembrane receptor regulating cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis, whose intracellular proteolytic fragment NICD mediates some key cardiovascular effects of the hormone relaxin (RLX). This study demonstrates the involvement of ADAM10 and PI3K/Akt signaling in mediating RLX-induced Notch-1 activation. H9c2 cardiomyocytes and NIH3T3 fibroblasts were incubated with human RLX-2 (17 nmol/l, 24 h) in presence or absence of the PI3K or Akt inhibitors wortmannin (WT, 100 nmol/l) and triciribine (TCN, 1 μmol/l)...
November 24, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180108/palmitate-induces-neuroinflammation-er-stress-and-pomc-mrna-expression-in-hypothalamic-mhypoa-pomc-gfp-neurons-through-novel-mechanisms-that-are-prevented-by-oleate
#16
Erika K Tse, Denise D Belsham
Dietary fats can modulate brain function. How free fatty acids (FFAs) alter hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons remain undefined. The saturated FFA, palmitate, increased neuroinflammatory and ER stress markers, as well as Pomc mRNA levels, but did not affect insulin signaling, in mHypoA-POMC/GFP-2 neurons. This effect was mediated through the MAP kinases JNK and ERK. Further, the increase in Pomc was dependent on palmitoyl-coA synthesis, but not de novo ceramide synthesis, as inhibition of SPT enhanced palmitate-induced Pomc expression, while methylpalmitate had no effect...
November 24, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175529/thyroid-hormone-receptors-and-ligands-tissue-distribution-and-sexual-behavior
#17
REVIEW
Eleonora Carosa, Andrea Lenzi, Emmanuele A Jannini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155307/sex-steroids-and-the-kidney-role-in-renal-calcium-and-phosphate-handling
#18
REVIEW
Rougin Khalil, Na Ri Kim, Ferran Jardi, Dirk Vanderschueren, Frank Claessens, Brigitte Decallonne
Calcium and phosphate are vital for the organism and constitute essential components of the skeleton. Serum levels are tightly hormonally regulated and maintained by exchange with three major sources: the intestines, the kidney and the bone. The effects of sex steroids on the bone have been extensively studied and it is well known that sex steroid deficiency induces bone loss, indirectly influencing renal calcium and phosphate homeostasis. However, it is unknown whether sex steroids also directly regulate renal calcium and phosphate handling, hereby potentially indirectly impacting on bone...
November 20, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155306/reverse-t3-interacts-with-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-integrin-receptor-and-restores-enzyme-activities-in-the-hippocampus-of-hypothyroid-developing-rats-insight-on-signaling-mechanisms
#19
Juliana Tonietto Domingues, Daiane Cattani, Patricia Acordi Cesconetto, Bianka Alzira Nascimento de Almeida, Paula Peirozan, Guilherme Razzera, Fátima Regina Mena Barreto Silva, Regina Pessoa-Pureur, Ariane Zamoner
In the present study we provide evidence that 3,3',5'-triiodothyronine (reverse T3, rT3) restores neurochemical parameters induced by congenital hypothyroidism in rat hippocampus. Congenital hypothyroidism was induced by adding 0.05% propylthiouracil in the drinking water from gestation day 8 and continually up to lactation day 15. In the in vivo rT3 exposure, hypothyroid 12-day old pups were daily injected with rT3 (50 ng/kg body weight) or saline until day 14. In the ex vivo rT3 treatment, hippocampal slices from 15-day-old hypothyroid pups were incubated for 30 min with or without rT3 (1 nM)...
November 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146556/shedding-light-on-the-role-of-camp-in-mammalian-sperm-physiology
#20
REVIEW
Melanie Balbach, Vera Beckert, Jan N Hansen, Dagmar Wachten
Mammalian fertilization relies on sperm finding the egg and penetrating the egg vestments. All steps in a sperm's lifetime crucially rely on changes in the second messenger cAMP (cyclic adenosine monophosphate). In recent years, it has become clear that signal transduction in the sperm is not a continuum, but rather organized in subcellular domains, e.g. the sperm head and the sperm flagellum, with the latter being further separated into the midpiece, principal piece,and endpiece. To understand the underlying signaling pathways controlling sperm function in more detail, experimental approaches are needed that allow to study sperm signaling with spatial and temporal precision...
November 13, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
journal
journal
25592
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"