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Medicinski Pregled

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693867/nikola-tesla-and-medicine-160th-anniversary-of-the-birth-of-the-genius-who-gave-light-to-the-world-part-ii
#1
Danijela Vucevic, Drago Dordevic, Tatjana Radosavljevic
INTRODUCTION: Nikola Tesla (1856- 1943) was a genius inventor and scientist, whose contribution to medicine is remarkable. Part I of this article reviewed special contributions of the world renowned scientist to the establishment of radiology as a new discipline in medicine. This paper deals with the use of Tesla currents in medicine. Tesla Currents in Medicine. Tesla's greatest impact on medicine is his invention of a transformer (Tesla coil) for producing high frequency and high voltage currents (Tesla currents)...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693866/the-regulation-role-of-carotid-body-peripheral-chemoreceptors-in-physiological-and-pathophysiological-conditions
#2
Biljana Lazovic, Mirjana Zlatkovic Svenda, Tijana Durmic, Zoran Stajic, Vesna Duric, Vladimir Zugic
INTRODUCTION: The major oxygen sensors in the human body are peripheral chemoreceptors. also known as interoreceptors- as connected with internal organs, located in the aortic arch and in the body of the common carotid artery. Chemoreceptor function under physiological conditions. Stimulation of peripheral chemoreceptors during enviromental hypoxia causes a reflex-mediated increased ventilation, followed by the increase of the muscle sympatic activity, aiming to maintain tissue oxygen homeostatis, as well as glucosae, homeostatis...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693865/efficiency-of-sildanefil-monotherapy-in-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#3
Dragan Grbic, Sasa Vojinov, Dimirtije Jeremic, Ivan Levakov, Senjin Dozic, Vuk Sekulic
INTRODUCTION: High incidences of benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms have a high socioeconomic importance. There are several published studies which have proved the efficiency of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors in treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms. However, more studies are needed to make this therapy the standard option for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms. This study was aimed at exploring changes in International Prostate Symptom Score, post voiding residuum and maximal urine flow in benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms patients treated by sildenafil for benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693864/the-case-of-t-cell-large-granular-lyphocyte-leukemia-presented-as-transfusion-dependent-anemia-with-sustained-response-to-cyc-losporine-a-therapy-case-report
#4
Vanja Zeremski, Aleksandar Savic, Vesna Cemerikic Martinovic, Ivana Milosevic, Marina Dragicevic, Amir El Farra
CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old man presented with anemia, lymphocytosis and splenoniegaly. T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia was diagnosed based on lymphocytosis of T-cell large granular lymphocytes, characteristic inimunophenotype (CD)3⁺ CD8⁺, CD16⁺, CD57⁺) of the lymphocytes and clonally rearranged T-cell receptor genes. Therapy indication was transfusion-dependent anemia. Initial cyclosporine therapy and low-dose oral methotrexate failed to control anemia and lymphocytosis...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693863/dyke-davidoff-masson-syndrome-typical-imaging-features
#5
Mladen Bjelan, Dusko Kozic, Vesna Njagulj, Aleksandar Ragaji, Katarina Koprivsek, Milos Lucic
INTRODUCTION: Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome is an uncommon neurological disorder clinically presented with seizures, various degrees of mental retardation, motor weakness and sometimes body asymmetry. Typical neuroimaging features include cerebral hemiatrophy with ipsilateral hyper pneumatization of paranasal sinuses. The purpose of this report was to present a rare cause of seizures revealed by Magnetic resonance imaging. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 17-year-old boy admitted to hospital due to a severe headache...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693862/contemporary-principles-of-suicide-prevention
#6
Dragana Ljusic, Dragan Ravanic, Snezana Filipovic Danic, Ivan Soldatovic, Jovana Cvetkovic, Mirjana Stojanovic Tasic
INTRODUCTION: Suicide remains a significant public health problem worldwide. This study is aimed at analyzing and presenting contemporary methods in suicide prevention in the world as well as at identifying specific risk groups and risk factors in order to explain their importance. in suicide prevention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The literature search covered electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. In order to select the relevant articles, the authors searched for the combination of key-words which included the following medical subject heading terms (suicide or suicide ideation or attempted) and (prevention or risk factors) and (man or elders or mental disorders)...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693861/the-prevalence-of-stress-and-burnout-syndrome-in-hospital-doctors-and-family-physicians
#7
Kosana D Stanetic, Suzana M Savic, Maja Racic
Introducti on. Burnout syndrome is the result of chronic emotional stress. It is characterized by high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and reduced level of personal accomplishment. The aim of this study was to determine the level of stress and risk ror burnout syndrome in doctors employed in health centers and hospitals, and to investigate the impact of socio-derrdgraphic characteristics on the level of stress and the o ccurrence of burnout syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the period from October I to December 31, 2015 in three health centers and in the University Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693860/completeness-of-circle-of-willis-in-asymptomatic-and-symptomatic-extracranial-carotid-disease
#8
Vladimir Manojlovic, Vlandan Popovic, Dragan Nikoloc, Dorde Milosevic, Janko Pasternak, Nebojsa Budakov
INTRODUCTION: This research has been aimed at determining whether incomplete Circle of Willis in patients with significant extracranial carotid stenosis is associated with a higher incidence of neurological symptomatology and/or ischemnic cerebral lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was conducted as a prospective study which comprised 211 patients who underwent surgical treatment of extracranial carotid disease at the Department of Vascular Surgery in Novi Sad and 102 patients in the control group...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693859/semiology-of-pathological-conditions-in-patients-indicated-for-stereotactic-biopsy
#9
Jagos Godubovic, Petar Vulekovic, Dula Dilvesi, Mladen Karan, Bojan Jelaca, Tomislav Cigic
INTRODUCTION: Brain tumors produce symptoms and signs which are often non-specific, and therefore they may occur for more than a few months prior to diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of referent signs and symptoms among patients referred for stereotactic brain biopsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed medical history of 65 patients (67.7% males and 32.3% females) between the ages of 16 and 81 years. The following symptoms and signs were included in the analysis: organic brain syndrome, lateralization of crossed pyramidal tract, cranial nerve dysfunction, speech disorders, cerebellar-vestibular syndrome, nausea, vomiting, headache, the occurrence of at least one epileptic seizure and respondents' physical weakness...
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693858/the-voice-of-health-finding-a-cure-for-the-climate-change-malady
#10
EDITORIAL
Marija Jevtic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693847/health-effects-of-sleep-deprivation-on-nurses-working-shifts
#11
Cedomirka Stanojevic, Svetlana Simic, Dragana Milutinovic
INTRODUCTION: Atypical work schedules cause reduced sleep, leading to drowsiness, fatigue, decline of cognitive performance and health problems among the members of the nursing staff. The study was aimed at reviewing current knowledge and attitudes concerning the impact of sleep disorders on health and cognitive functions among the members of the nursing staff. Sleep and Interpersonal Relations in Modern Society. The modern 24-hour society involves more and more employees (health services, police departments, public transport) in non-standard forms of work...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693846/alternatives-of-menopausal-hormone-therapy
#12
Ranko M Kutlesic, Jasmina Popovic, Milan Stefanovic, Predrag Vukomanovic, Bojan Lukic, Goran Lilic
INTRODUCTION: It has been generally accepted that the benefits of menopausal hormone therapy outweigh the risks. but there are still some concerns about the administration of menopausal hormone therapy, which has introduced alternative treatments. Pharmacological Alternatives. Central alpha-2 agonist clonidine is only marginally more effective than placebo, and significantly less effective than estrogen. Antiepileptic drug gabapentin reduces hot flashes; however, it is less effective than estrogen...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693845/critical-review-of-available-treatment-options-for-treatment-refractory-depression-and-anxiety-clinical-and-ethical-dilemmas
#13
Dusan Kolar, Michael V Kolar
Treatment-resistant mood and anxiety disorders require an intensive therapeutic approach, and it should balance benefits and adverse effects or other potential detrimental effects of medications. The goal of treatment is to provide consistent and lasting improvement in symptoms of depression and anxiety. Beozodiazepines are effective for anxiety symptoms, but with no sustained treatment effects. Other medication treatment options for anxiety disorders are outlined. Ketamine is usually very effective in treating maior depressive disorder but without sustained benefits...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693844/an-incidental-finding-of-thymic-carcinoma-during-elective-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#14
Zivojin Jonjev, Milorad Pavlovic, Bojan Ilic, Golub Samardzija
INTRODUCTION: Thymoma is a rare malignant tumor of the anterior mediastinum. Thymic squamous cell carcinoma has been recognized as an aggressive form of thymoma with different behavior. It is associated with paraneoplastic syndromes, variety of clinical presentations, different way of treatment and complex prognosis. Improved imaging techniques show that an early diagnosis of thymoma is possible, which makes thymoma a potentially dangerous but preventable disease. CASE REPORT: In this report...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693843/the-relationship-between-the-range-of-moton-of-the-hip-joint-with-ruptured-anterior-cruciate-ligament
#15
Zlatko Budinski, Slavko Budinski, Miodrag Vranjes, Mirko Obradovic, Milena Mikic, Miroslav Milankov
INTRODUCTION: A knee injury, especially anterior cruciate ligament. has recently become more common significantly affecting the life standard. There are many factors that cause an injury of the anterior eruciate ligament, ~nd one of them is limited range of motion in the hip joint. This studyhas been aimed at finding a relationship between the range of motion in the hip joint and the anterior eriiciate ligament injury. Matcrial and Methods. Of88 male athletes included in the study sample in 2014, 60 (68%) had ruptured knee anterior cruciate ligament and 28 (32%) were without an injury...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693842/the-impact-of-combined-meniscus-tear-on-quality-of-life-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#16
Vladmir Harhaji, Stojan Subasic, Srdan Ninkovic, Ivica Lalic, Tatjana Salamon, Vladimir Ristic
INTRODUCTION: An anterior cruciate ligament injury represents a significant epidemiological problem worldwide, especially due to involving young, sporty and active working-age population. This study has been conducted in order to compare the quality of life of patients who had isolated anterior cruciate ligament tear and of those who suffered from anassociated meniscal injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 185 patients who had undergone reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology in Novi Sad from January lst, 2012 to December 31st 2012...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693841/prognostic-factors-for-postoperative-visual-outcome-in-surgically-treated-suprasellar-meningiomas
#17
Desanka Grkovic, Sofija Davidovic
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of postoperative visual acuity in patients with surgically treated suprasellar meningiomas is influenced not only by the size and precise localization of meningiomas in the optochiasmatic region and their compressive effect, but also by certain parameters, such as the age of patient, duration of symptoms, and preoperative visual acuity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of these factors on postoperative visual acuity in the patients with surgically treated optochiasmatic meningioma as well as to determine their prognostic value in the recovery of visual function after surgery...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693840/plasma-endothelin-1-levels-and-albuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Radmila Zeravica, Branislava Ilincic, Velibor Cabarkapa, Vladimir Sakac, Veljko Crnobrnja, Zoran Stosic
INTRODUCTION: Microalbuminuria is a very important independent risk factor for the progression of renal diseases as well as diseases of the cardiovascular system. Pathophysiological mechanisms that lead to the development ofmicroalbuminuria in patients with diabetes are complex and they are a result of numerous factors. In the past decade, endothelin-1, the most potent vasoconstrictor peptide, was identified as animportant factor that significantly contributes to the functional and structural renal changes...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693839/cytological-analysis-of-thyroglossal-duct-cysts
#19
Gostimin Mikac, Momcilo Biukovic
INTRODUCTION: Thyroglossal duct cysts are regarded as congenital anomalies. They arise from the residual segments of thyroglossal duct. A cancer with the incidence rate from 1% to 1.5% may develop in thyroglossal duct cysts. Approximately 30% of patients asked to be examined due to inflammatory cysts. This Study was aimed at determining the cytological characteristics of thyroglossal duct cyst smear, Such as cell specificity, cellularity and the content of the extracellular matrix. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thyroglossal duct cyst smears were analyzed in 28 adult patients who had undergone the fine-needle aspiration cytology in the period from 2004 to 2014...
October 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693857/120-years-since-the-discovery-of-x-rays
#20
Rade R Babic, Gordana Stankovic Babic, Strahinja R Babic, Nevena R Babic
This paper is intended to celebrate the 120th anniversary of the discovery of X-rays. X-rays (Roentgen-rays) were discovered on the 8th ofNovember, 1895 by the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. Fifty days after the discovery of X-ray, on December 28, 1895. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen published a paper about the discovery of X-rays - "On a new kind of rays" (Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen: Ober eine neue Art von Strahlen. In: Sitzungsberichte der Wurzburger Physik.-Medic.- Gesellschaft. 1895.). Therefore, the date of 28th ofDecember, 1895 was taken as the date of X-rays discovery...
September 2016: Medicinski Pregled
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