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Medicinski Pregled

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506102/valproate-bipolar-disorder-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Milana Okanović, Olga Zivanović
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a syndrome of ovarian dysfunction with the principal features of hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary morphology. A large number of studies conducted on this topic have suggested a possible role of anticonvulsants, particularly valproate, in the pathogenesis or risk factors associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Bipolar treatment guidelines from Canada and the United States of America recommend valproate as the first line strategy in the acute treatment of bipolar disorder...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506101/tranexamic-acid-in-surgical-treatment-of-scoliosis-in-children-a-case-report
#2
Goran Rakić, Danica Stanić, Anna Uram Benka, Marina Pandurov, Jovana M Simin, Biljana Drasković
INTRODUCTION: Children who are subjected to surgical treatment for scoliosis usually end up receiving a lot of blood transfusions since they tend to lose one or more blood volumes during the surgery. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent, increasingly used in children to reduce perioperative blood loss in various settings, including corrective surgery of scoliosis. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old girl, weighing 44 kg, was admitted to our hospital for scoliosis correction...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506100/lower-back-pain-silent-symptom-of-chronic-infrarenal-abdominal-aneurysm-rupture
#3
Mirela Juković, Tijana Koković, Dragan Nikolić, Dalibor Ilić, Viktor Till
INTRODUCTION: The rupture of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm is a surgical emergency condition with a high rate of mortality before the patients arrive at hospital. The signs and symptoms of abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture into the retroperitoneal cavity are pulsatile mass, abdominal pain, hypotension and shock, but sometimes silent symptoms also hide a dangerous and life threatening condition, such as chronic aneurysm rupture of abdominal aorta into the retroperitoneal cavity...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506099/susceptibility-of-respiratory-isolates-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolated-from-children-hospitalized-in-the-clinical-center-nis
#4
Marina M Dinić, Snezana Mladenović Antić, Branislava Kocić, Dobrila Stanković Dordević, Miodrag Vrbić, Milena Bogdanović
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common causes of respiratory infections. The aim was to study the susceptibility to antimicrobial agents of respiratory isolates ofStreptococcus pneumoniae obtained from hospitalized children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 190 respiratory pneumococcal isolates obtained from children aged from 0 to 14 years were isolated and identified by using standard microbiological methods. Susceptibility to oxacillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline, cotrimoxazole, ofloxacin and rifampicin was tested by disc diffusion method...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506098/variations-in-timing-of-elective-orchidopexy
#5
Dusanka Dobanovackić, Nada Vucković, Andelka Slavković, Biljana Lucić Prostran, Tanja Lakić, Ivana Gajić
INTRODUCTION: Undescended testis or cryptorchidism is detected in 3% of full-term male newborns, and inup to 33% of preemies. As the testicular descent may sometimes resolve spontaneously during first months of life, cryptorchidism is found in 1% of boys one year old. According to Consensus of Nordic experts in. pediatric urology regarding cryptorchidism the optimal period for surgery is 12-18 months of age. The goal of this study was to identify the age of patients with congenital undescended testis at the time of surgery...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506097/the-tibial-aperture-surface-analysis-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-process
#6
Zoran Milojević, Slobodan Tabaković, Marija Vićević, Mirko Obradović, Miodrag Vranjes, Miroslav Z Milankov
INTRODUCTION: The tibial tunnel aperture in the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is usually analyzed as an ellipse, generated as an intersection between a tibial plateau and a tibial bone tunnel. The aim of this study is to show that the tibial tunnel aperture, which utilizes 3D tibial surface bone model, differs significantly from common computations which present the tibial tunnel anterior cruciate ligament aperture surface as an ellipse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An interactive program system was developed for the tibial tunnel aperture analysis which included the real tibia 3D surface bone model generated from a series of computed tomography images of ten male patients, their mean age being 25 years...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506096/tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-infection-in-humans
#7
REVIEW
Ivana Hrnjaković Cvjetković, Dejan Cvjetković, Aleksandra Patić, Jelena Radovanov, Gordana Kovacević, Vesna Milosević
INTRODUCTION: Tick-borne meningoencephalitis virus is a flavivirus that causes the most important vector-borne central nervous system infection in many countries of Europe and Asia. There are three subtypes of tick-borne encephalitis virus: European, Siberian and the Far-Eastern subtype. TRANSMISSION: In endemic areas, the virus remains in transmissive cycles between Ixodes ticks and small rodents. CLINICAL PICTURE: In most cases (70-98%) infection goes asymptomatically...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506095/antiviral-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-in-serbian-prison-setting-medical-treatment-outcomes-and-patients-adherence
#8
Jasmina Simonović Babić, Ksenija Bojović, Dragan Delić, Nataga Katanić, Nikola Mitrović, Jovan Malinić
INTRODUCTION: Seroprevlence of chronic hepatitis C viral infection in correctional facilities ranges from 16% to 49%. However, there are only very limited data available on the course of hepatitis C viral infection and outcomes oftreatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin in correctional settings. The aim ofthis study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of use of pegylated interferon plus ribavirin treatment in the Serbian correctional setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of the patients with hepatitis C hospitalized in the Special Hospital for Prisoners in Belgrade (Serbia) during 2007-2013...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506094/postoperative-visual-recovery-following-surgical-treatment-of-craniopharygiomas
#9
Desanka Grković, Sava Barisić
INTRODUCTION: Craniopharyngiomas are rare tumors which are typically focused in the sellar and suprasellar region. Secondary to mass effect, these tumors commonly mediate neurologic, endocrinologic or visual functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pre and postoperative visual acuity in patients with a craniopharyngioma in the area of the optic chiasm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 42 patients with a craniopharyngioma demonstrated by computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506093/value-of-protective-stoma-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#10
Ivana Fratrić, Zoran Radovanović, Dragana Radovanović, Ferenc Vicko, Tomislav Petrović, Zoran Nikin
INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leakage is the most serious surgical complication in rectal surgery. The aim of this study was to find out whether a protective stoma was capable of lowering the rate of clinical anastomotic leakage and to evaluate the rate of anastomotic leakages requiring resurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study included a sample of 149 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who had undergone elective rectal resection with primary anastomosis...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498536/histopathological-analysis-and-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-our-experience
#11
Dzemail S Detanac, Dzenana A Detanac, Avdo Ceranić, Merima A Ceranić
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to show the descriptive and histopathological analysis and applied surgical technique with early and late post-operative complications in patients with breast cancer who were hospitalized and treated at the General Hospital in Novi Pazar during the period 2009-2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the period from 2009 to 2011, 59 patients were operated for breast cancer at the General Hospital in Novi Pazar. The study included the size and type of the tumor, disease stage, surgical techniques and complications, the age of the patients at the moment of surgery and its correlation with the number of metastatic lymph nodes in the axilla and the tumor size, as well as the correlation of the tumor size with the number ofmetastases in the axillary lymph nodes...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498535/atypical-kawasaki-disease
#12
Ljiljana Ristovski, Olgica Milankov, Melanija Vislavski, Radojica Savić, Milena Bjelica
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis which occurs primarily in children under the age of 5. The etiology of the disease is still unknown. Diagnostic criteria for Kawasaki disease are fever and at least four of the five additional clinical signs. Incomplete Kawasaki disease should be taken into consideration in case of all children with unexplained fever for more than 5 days, associated with 2 or 3 of the main clinical findings of Kawasaki disease. The diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease is based on echocardiographic findings indicating the involvement of the coronary arteries...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498534/hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-case-series-of-eight-patients
#13
Momcilo Stosić, Igor Stojanović
INTRODUCTION: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a persistent, inflammatory and recurrent disease of the hair follicles which, in time, results in ugly scars. Inflammation and obstruction of channel of sweat glands used to be thought to be the basis of this disease. CASE REPORTS: This paper presents the cases of 8 patients operated on in the past 3 years. A possibility of an oversight in making the diagnosis, as well as an underestimation in the treatment should be taken into consideration...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498533/otological-manifestations-of-turner-syndrome-clinical-and-radiological-findings
#14
Dragoslava Đerić, Zoran Dudvarski, Ljiljana Cvorović
INTRODUCTION: Turner syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality where all or a part of one of the X chromosomes is absent or it has other abnormalities. Besides characteristic abnormalities of short stature and infertility, women with Turner syndrome have increased risks for tumors of the central nervous system, especially meningioma and an otologic disease. Meningioma involving the middle ear is extremely rare, and this condition has never been published in association with Turner syndrome...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498532/chemotherapy-analysis-in-massive-transfusion-syndrome
#15
Bratislav Stanković, Goran Stojanović
INTRODUCTION: Massive transfusion is defined as blood transfusion in quantities equal to or greater than the estimated patients' blood volume over a relatively short period of time (3-4 hours). The study was aimed at analyzing the application of chemotherapy in treatment of patients with acute massive bleeding and evaluating the results of hemostasis and platelet counts screening tests in the patients receiving massive transfusions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Attempts were made to fully compensate hemostatic factors in 24 patients (14 male and 10 female, aged 23 to 76 years) with acute massive and uncontrolled surgical bleeding (polytrauma, abdominal aortic aneurysm, digestive tract bleeding as a result of a farina overdose, mortus fetus) over the five-year period, wherein a circulating patients' blood volume was compensated over a relatively short period of time...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498531/importance-of-integrated-management-system-applied-in-health-establishments-in-order-to-raise-treatment-quality
#16
Biljana Dodić, Tatjana Miljković, Marija Bjelobrk, Nada Cemerlic Ađić, Filip Ađić, Slobodan Dodić
INTRODUCTION: The term "management" is best characterized as "managing" economic or social processes to achieve objectives through a rational use of material and immaterial resources by applying the principles, functions, and management methods. This study has been aimed at evaluating the value of an integrated quality management system implemented at the Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina to improve the quality of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the period from 2008 to 2010 about 40 employees from the Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina attended various courses given by the lecturers of the Faculty of Technical Sciences, where the function and significance of the "International Standards Organization" were explained, after which standards of interest were implemented at the Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498530/algorithm-of-ovulation-induction-in-patients-with-polycistic-ovary-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Artur Bjelica, Jelena Bjelanović, Natasa Milić, Ljiljana Mladenović Segedi, Đorde Ilić, Jelena Dimitrijević
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most frequent endocrine disturbance in the reproductive period of women's life and the most frequent cause of anovulatory infertility. Ovulation and pregnancy in patients having polycystic ovary syndrome may be a result of a wide range of therapeutic options, and the treatment assumes a gradual approach--from simple noninvasive to expensive and demanding procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature survey concerning the efficiency of particular ovulation induction methods in respect of the reproductive outcome was carried out with the aim of establishing the algorithm for ovulation induction in infertile patients having polycystic ovary syndrome...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498529/expression-of-collagen-type-i-in-unaltered-and-osteoarthritic-menisci-of-knee-joint
#18
Igor Sladojević, Zdenka Krivokuća, Vesna Gajanin, Slavko Manojlović
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis is a progressive degenerative disease which affects meniscal tissue. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in collagen type I expression in macroscopically unaltered and osteoarthritic menisci, and correlate the expression with the grade of macroscopic damage, age and body mass index of patients, preoperative condition of anterior cruciate ligament, angulation and knee contracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The control group consisted of 10 macroscopically unaltered menisci, while the experimental group had 35 osteoarthritic menisci...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498528/drug-utilization-in-treatment-of-thyroid-disorders-during-pregnancy-in-serbia
#19
Olga Horvat, Zdenko Tomić, Vesna Mijatović, Ana Sabo
INTRODUCTION: Depleted uranium radiation and pollution with polychlorinated biphenyls resulting from bombings the territories of Serbia as well as the additional long-term stress may have affected the function of thyroid gland. The objective of this study was to determine the trend of drug utilization in the treatment of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy in Novi Sad. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women who had given birth at the Department of Gynecology in 1989, 1999, 2007 and 2011 were interviewed during a one-month period about thyroid diseases in the pregnancy as well as the drugs they had taken...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498527/efficiency-of-ultrasound-guided-lower-limb-peripheral-nerve-blocks-in-perioperative-pain-management-for-knee-arthroscopy-in-children-a-randomized-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dragan Marinković, Jovana M Simin, Biljana Drasković, Ivana M Kvrgić, Marina Pandurov
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound guided lower limb peripheral nerve blocks are efficient for perioperative pain treatment in children. The aim was to see if lower limb peripheral nerve blocks reduced the amount of propofol and opioid analgesics used intraoperatively, as well as the level of pain and consumption of systemic analgesics postoperatively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized, prospective clinical trial was carried out. It included 60 children between 11 and 18 years of age scheduled for elective knee arthroscopy...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
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