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Journal of Religion and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432499/depressive-symptoms-and-tobacco-use-does-religious-orientation-play-a-protective-role
#1
Stacy C Parenteau
Many studies have established an association between depression and smoking. The main objective of this study was to determine whether religious orientation moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and tobacco use. This study utilized a cross-sectional data collection strategy to examine the relationship among depressive symptoms, religious orientation, and tobacco use among undergraduate students (N = 349) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Extrinsic/Intrinsic Religious Orientation Scale-Revised and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425007/-no-more-buzz-a-qualitative-study-of-the-current-response-to-hiv-in-the-anglican-church-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#2
Simon Hallonsten
Using a triangulation design combining participant observation, survey results, and interviews, this paper studies the current form of the response to HIV in the local Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa. The results show that people are generally aware of HIV. The "buzz" around HIV has, however, subsided. The local church does not directly engage HIV anymore, and HIV is more mentioned than talked about. HIV stigma continues to pose a challenge. To work towards the prevention of HIV, the local church needs to put HIV back on the agenda and continue to speak about the virus...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425006/religiosity-gender-and-natural-disasters-a-qualitative-study-of-disaster-stricken-regions-in-iran
#3
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Katayoun Jahangiri, Reza Khani Jazani
While religiosity is emerging as one of the more important subjects in disaster management, identifying gender differences in using religion as a coping method has attracted very little attention. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of religiosity on disaster-affected women and men in the setting of Iran. A field-based investigation using a qualitative approach was carried out to achieve the study's purpose. Data were collected using in-depth unstructured interviews with 25 participants who had been damaged by recent disasters...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425005/is-spiritual-well-being-among-adolescents-associated-with-a-lower-level-of-bullying-behaviour-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-bullying-behaviour-of-peers
#4
Katarina Dutkova, Jana Holubcikova, Michaela Kravcova, Peter Babincak, Peter Tavel, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
The aim of this study was to explore the association between spiritual well-being and bullying among Slovak adolescents, and whether perceived bullying behaviour of peers mediated this relationship. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study conducted in 2014 in Slovakia were used. Data were obtained from 9250 adolescents with a mean age of 13.48 years. The final sample consisted of 762 adolescents aged 15 years old (52.2% boys). We used logistic regression models and the Sobel test. Adolescents who reported a higher level of spiritual well-being were at lower risk of reporting that some or more schoolmates bully others or that they themselves bully others...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425004/on-the-inner-life-of-physicians-analysis-of-family-medicine-residents-written-reflections
#5
Andrea Vicini, Allen F Shaughnessy, Ashley Duggan
This qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the "inner life of physicians" and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians' inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians' inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425003/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-daily-spiritual-experiences-scale-dses-in-pregnant-women-a-proper-tool-to-assess-spirituality-related-to-mental-health
#6
Mohsen Saffari, Hossein Amini, Zarindokht Sheykh-Oliya, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
Assessing spirituality in healthy pregnant women may lead to supportive interventions that will improve their care. A psychometrically valid measure such as the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) may be helpful in this regard. The current study sought to adapt a Persian version of DSES for use in pregnancy. A total of 377 pregnant women were recruited from three general hospitals located in Tehran, Iran. Administered scales were the DSES, Duke University Religion Index, Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, as well as demographic measures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409419/spiritual-well-being-and-spiritual-distress-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-utilizing-the-swbq-as-component-of-holistic-nursing-diagnosis
#7
Sílvia Caldeira, Fiona Timmins, Emília Campos de Carvalho, Margarida Vieira
Holistic nursing care requires attention to the spiritual dimension. This is particularly important when caring for patients with cancer. This research presents the results of the assessment of spiritual well-being using the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) to validate the nursing diagnosis of spiritual distress. Structured interviews were conducted with 169 patients in one hospital in Portugal. We concluded that the SWBQ is a useful and reliable instrument to assess spiritual distress, which highlights the importance of listening to patients and questioning them about spiritual needs as well as the importance of differential diagnosis aimed at effective interventions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349298/the-role-of-spirituality-in-lifestyle-changing-among-patients-with-chronic-cardiovascular-diseases-a-literature-review-of-qualitative-studies
#8
A J Janssen-Niemeijer, M Visse, R Van Leeuwen, C Leget, B S Cusveller
Chronic cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are diseases with marked morbidity. Patients are often advised to change their lifestyle to prevent complications and impairment of their diseases. Compliance, however, is influenced by multiple factors. Initial studies show that spirituality is an important aspect in health behavior and lifestyle changing, but to health professionals like nurses this is unknown. The aim of this review is to investigate and synthesize evidence about the role of spirituality in lifestyle changing in patients with chronic CVD...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343285/the-prevalence-and-antecedents-of-religious-beliefs-about-health-control-in-the-us-population-variations-by-race-and-religious-background
#9
R David Hayward, Neal Krause, Kenneth Pargament
The ways in which religious beliefs influence beliefs about health have important implications for motivation to engage in positive health behaviors and comply with medical treatment. This study examines the prevalence of two health-related religious beliefs: belief in healing miracles and deferral of responsibility for health outcomes to God. Data came from a representative nationwide US survey of religion and health (N = 3010). Full-factorial ANOVA indicated that there were significant differences in both dimensions of belief by race, by religious background, and by the interaction between the two...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343284/the-relationship-of-religious-comfort-and-struggle-with-anxiety-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-roman-catholic-polish-men-the-moderating-effect-of-sexual-orientation
#10
Beata Zarzycka, Radosław Rybarski, Jacek Sliwak
The aim of the research was to analyze the relationships of religious comfort and struggle with state anxiety and satisfaction with life in homosexual and heterosexual samples of men. A hundred and eight men aged between 18 and 43 participated in the research in total, 54 declared themselves as homosexual and 54 as heterosexual. The Religious Comfort and Strain Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were applied to the research. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that sexual orientation moderated the relationships of religious comfort and struggle with state anxiety and satisfaction with life...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343283/the-types-of-trust-involved-in-american-muslim-healthcare-decisions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#11
Aasim I Padela, Liese Pruitt, Saleha Mallick
Trust in physicians and the healthcare system underlies some disparities noted among minority populations, yet a descriptive typology of different types of trust informing healthcare decisions among minority populations is limited. Using data from 13 focus groups with 102 American Muslims, we identified the types and influence of trust in healthcare decision-making. Participants conveyed four types of trust implicating their health-seeking behaviors-(I) trust in allopathic medicine, (II) trust in God, (III) trust in personal relationships, and (IV) trust in self...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342147/meaning-making-coping-among-cancer-patients-in-sweden-and-south-korea-a-comparative-perspective
#12
Fereshteh Ahmadi, Jisung Park, Kyung Mee Kim, Nader Ahmadi
The present study compared meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea, with a focus on the sociocultural context. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 Swedes and 33 Koreans. The results showed significant differences between the two countries as well as similarities in existential, spiritual, and religious coping. For example, Swedes primarily used meaning-making coping as a means of meditation or relaxation, whereas Koreans relied on coping with prayer and using healthy foods as a means to survive...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342146/religious-practice-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adolescent-girls
#13
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Fariba Alizadeh Sharajabad, Favziye Sanaati
This study aimed to determine the relationship between religious practice and health-related quality of life in adolescent girls in Tabriz, Iran, 2014-2015. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 female students who were selected using the random sampling method. Religious practice and health-related quality of life questionnaires were used for data collection. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship between health-related quality of life and received religious support, religiosity, father's and mother's education, father's occupation, family economic status, and the number of children...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342145/spiritual-experiences-of-muslim-critical-care-nurses
#14
Ercan Bakir, Sevgin Samancioglu, Serap Parlar Kilic
The purpose of this study was to determine the experiences and perceptions of intensive care nurses (ICNs) about spirituality and spiritual care, as well as the effective factors, and increase the sensitivity to the subject. In this study, we examined spiritual experiences, using McSherry et al. (Int J Nurs Stud 39:723-734, 2002) Spirituality and spiritual care rating scale (SSCRS), among 145 ICNs. 44.8% of the nurses stated that they received spiritual care training and 64.1% provided spiritual care to their patients...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342144/transformational-analysis-and-religious-experience
#15
Christian Gostečnik, Tanja Repič Slavič, Tanja Pate, Robert Cvetek
The therapeutic process, which taps into the individual's most vulnerable inner experience, can always reach a radical reversal of one's perception of religion and God, which may be askew due to deep trauma. This transformation caused by the therapeutic relationship can reciprocally help to resolve one's deep and complicated issues, while at the same time radically altering their relationship to religion. This is especially apparent among those who were cruelly and traumatically abused in their earliest stages of development...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342143/-one-big-family-pastoral-care-and-treatment-seeking-in-an-egyptian-coptic-church-in-england
#16
John E A Shenouda, Maxwell J F Cooper
Little is known about Coptic migrants' chronic disease health beliefs and treatment-seeking behaviours. Interviews to explore these issues and their relationship with church membership were conducted with 15 Coptic migrants in Southern England. Obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) were most frequently identified as health risks for Coptic migrants. CVD was ascribed to stress and considered amenable to spiritual healing. Lay referral to medical practitioners who were church members was common but may devalue perceptions of family medicine...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342142/smoking-prevalence-among-users-of-primary-healthcare-units-in-brazil-the-role-of-religiosity
#17
Edson Zangiacomi Martinez, Flávia Masili Giglio, Natalia Akemi Yamada Terada, Anderson Soares da Silva, Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto
The objective of this cross-sectional study is to examine the association between religious involvement and tobacco use in a large representative sample of users of primary healthcare units of Ribeirão Preto, Southeast Brazil. Current and past smoking habits were determined among 1055 users of primary healthcare units. Participants' religiosity was measured using the DUREL questionnaire. The prevalence of smoking among men was 16.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 12.0-22.5] and among women was 12.6% (95% CI 10...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315988/importance-of-religion-or-spirituality-and-mental-health-in-canada
#18
Maryam Dilmaghani
Using the latest mental health cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey (N = 20,868), this paper examines how the importance of religion or spirituality in one's life associates with mental health. Based on this question, the population is divided into three groups of high religiosity, average religiosity, and secularized. Secularized individuals are shown to have large deficits in all the psychological markers suggested to mediate the relationship between religiosity and mental health, compared to the two other groups...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285439/examination-of-the-role-of-religious-and-psychosocial-factors-in-hiv-medication-adherence-rates
#19
Safiya George Dalmida, Katryna McCoy, Harold G Koenig, Aretha Miller, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Tami Thomas, Dora Clayton-Jones, Mary Grant, Terri Fleming, Menka Munira Wirani, George Mugoya
Optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with favorable HIV outcomes, including higher CD4 cell counts, HIV virus suppression and a lower risk of HIV transmission. However, only 25% of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) in the USA are virally suppressed. Sub-optimal adherence (<90-95%) contributes to antiretroviral resistance and worse medical outcomes, including more rapid progression to AIDS and death. Psychosocial factors and religion/spirituality (R/S) have a significant impact on ART adherence, but the findings are mixed...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283931/spiritual-health-a-concept-analysis
#20
Azita Jaberi, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Abbas Ebadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Spiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, 1995) concept analysis method was used in this study...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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