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Journal of Religion and Health

Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Sami Abdo Radman Al-Dubai, Sin Wan Tham, Muralitharan Perumal
Evidence-based practices that rely upon pain relieving medications and interventional strategies for symptom alleviation in chronic pain survivors have shown modest benefits. The recent emphasis of spiritual care as a new dimension of treatment strategy incorporated within the biopsychosocial model has inspired new hopes to mediate mental and physical health for illness coping. This study aimed to explore the factors associated with spirituality needs among chronic pain patients in a general hospital in Malaysia...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mesfin Haile Kahissay, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Heather Boon
This paper explores the relationship among religion, spirits and healing in the Tehuledere community in the northeastern part of Ethiopia and focuses on how this knowledge can inform primary healthcare reform. The study employed qualitative ethnographic methods. Participatory observation, over a total of 5 months during the span of 1 year, was supplemented by focus group discussions (96 participants in 10 groups) and in-depth interviews (n = 20) conducted with key informants. Data were analyzed thematically using narrative strategies...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Milad Borji, Seyed Rahmatollah Mousavimoghadam, Ebrahim Salimi, Masoumeh Otaghi, Yosof Azizi
Heart failure (HF) has been emerging as a general health problem over recent decades. Spiritual care is a type of support service provided to patients suffering from HF. Spiritual care intervention in nursing is a unique aspect of care, which cannot be replaced by psychosocial care. Considering the importance of anxiety for caregivers of patients with HF, the present study aimed to examine the effect of spiritual intervention on anxiety in caregivers of patients with HF in Ilam, Iran. This research is a semi-experimental study, 71 caregivers of patients with HF were randomly assigned to experimental group (n = 34) and control (n = 37) group...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
D Lippi, P Charlier, R Bianucci, A Coralli, O Appenzeller, A Perciaccante
Dante places the sinners who promoted scandals, schism, and discord in the ninth Ditch of the Inferno. Among those is also the Prophet Muhammad. Describing the Prophet's punishment, Dante resorts to technical terms and vulgar expressions. This poetic representation highlights Dante's medical and anatomical knowledge and reflects 14th c. Christian religious beliefs. At that time, autopsies were performed only on prisoners, prostitutes and people without identity. By comparing the Prophet to an autopsied corpse, Dante associates Muhammad with those bearing the badge of shame...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mahdi Fani, Jamileh Mohtashami, Marzieh Karamkhani, Morteza Abdoljabbari
Hijab as an Islamic value and divine duty is emphasized, and it is necessary in university settings. The misveiling is a social phenomenon, and its social, political and cultural aspects must be studied for understanding its factors and causes. The aim of this study was to understand how the process of confronting students with hijab. A grounded theory design was used. The data were collected by semi-structured interviews from sixteen students who left their veiling, eleven students with veiling, three advisors, two Vice in Student and Cultural Affairs and three family members of students who left their veiling...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Melissa Bopp, Benjamin L Webb, Scherezade K Mama, Emily Hentz-Leister
Large denominational faith-based organizations (FBOs, e.g., conferences, dioceses) have potential to impact population health, though current activities are largely unknown. This study examined how large denominational FBOs approach health promotion programming and relevant barriers and issues related to capacity. A self-report survey via email and mail collected responses from representatives of FBOs about their health programming. The sample (n = 154) was diverse and included Catholic, Presbyterian, and Lutheran traditions...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Cristiane Schumann Silva Curcio, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
Belief in afterlife is frequent, but little is known about how it relates to religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and socio-demographic variables. To investigate how the beliefs in afterlife and that "there is something beyond matter" are associated with socio-demographic, health, and R/S dimensions in a sample of medical inpatients and their companions. In multivariate analysis, afterlife belief correlated positively to educational level, religious affiliation, belief in something beyond matter, and private religious practices...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Rohoullah Hemmati, Zeinab Bidel, Milad Nazarzadeh, Maryam Valadi, Somayeh Berenji, Elahe Erami, Fatten Al Zaben, Harold G Koenig, Ali Sanjari Moghaddam, Farshad Teymoori, Siamak Sabour, Saeed Reza Ghanbarizadeh, Tahereh Seghatoleslam
Although the association between religion/spirituality (R/S) and psychological outcomes is well established, current understanding of the association with cardiovascular disease remains limited. We sought to investigate the association between Islamic R/S and coronary heart disease (CHD), and place these findings in light of a meta-analysis. In this case-control study, 190 cases with non-fatal CHD were identified and individually matched with 383 hospital-based controls. R/S was measured by self-administered 102 items questionnaire...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Fiona Gardner, Heather Tan, Bruce Rumbold
This research focuses on the spiritual care experiences of patients and families at a hospital in Australia. Twenty-four patients and 10 family members were interviewed. Results indicate the importance of relatedness: being treated as a person, reminded of your capabilities and conversations about what matters. Maintaining contact with friends and family, sustaining religious and spiritual practices, music therapy and pet therapy were also significant and contact with the natural world and shared activities...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Ann-Marie Yamada, Karen Kyeunghae Lee, Min Ah Kim, Megan Moine, Hans Oh
This descriptive study explored pastors' beliefs about etiology and treatment of mental illness. Surveys were completed by mail by 202 Korean and Euro-American Presbyterian clergy. Nearly one-third of Korean pastors viewed bad parenting and demon possession as very important causes of mental illness, in contrast to the more than two-thirds of Euro-American pastors who viewed genetics and chemical imbalances as the most important causes. Compared with their Euro-American counterparts, Korean pastors soundly endorsed spiritual treatment of mental illness...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
David A Drummond, Lindsay B Carey
With the emerging incorporation of spiritual care into the allied health stream, there is a need for a clear and validated process of spiritual review that can be understood across multidisciplinary teams. The aim and purpose of this paper was to critically review the literature regarding spiritual screening, history-taking and assessment, and explore the merits of developing a brief instrument focussed on assessing and improving the spiritual well-being of consumers within residential aged care. Following an exploratory review of the literature, the results indicate that effective processes are noted regarding the triage and identification of the needs and spiritual assessment of consumers; however, many of these tools are overly religious in content, unwieldy in size, or not specifically aimed at identifying the immediate crisis confronting the consumer...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Hyungjun Suh, Terrence D Hill, Harold G Koenig
Although several studies suggest that religious involvement is associated with healthier biological functioning in later life, most of this work is cross-sectional. We extend previous research by employing a longitudinal design. Our analysis of Health and Retirement Study (2006/2010) data suggests that older adults who attended religious services weekly or more in 2006 tend to exhibit fewer high-risk biomarkers in 2010 and greater reductions in allostatic load over the 4-year study period than respondents who attended yearly or not at all...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Alex Kappel Kørup, Jens Søndergaard, René dePont Christensen, Connie Thurøe Nielsen, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Klaus Baumann, Eunmi Lee, Eckhard Frick, Arndt Büssing, Nada A Alyousefi, Azimatul Karimah, Esther Schouten, Andreas Schulze, Inga Wermuth, Niels Christian Hvidt
Research to date has shown that health professionals often practice according to personal values, including values based on faith, and that these values impact medicine in multiple ways. While some influence of personal values are inevitable, awareness of values is important so as to sustain beneficial practice without conflicting with the values of the patient. Detecting when own personal values, whether based on a theistic or atheistic worldview, are at work, is a daily challenge in clinical practice. Simultaneously ethical guidelines of tone-setting medical associations like American Medical Association, the British General Medical Council and Australian Medical Association have been updated to encompass physicians' right to practice medicine in accord with deeply held beliefs...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Albert L Ly, Anondah R Saide, Rebekah A Richert
Previous research has associated prayer practices with positive health outcomes, but few studies have examined: (a) the perceptions of prayer in relation to perceptions of the efficacy of conventional medicine, and (b) whether the perceptions of prayer efficacy differ based on illness type, context of prayer, and whether prayer is for the self or someone else. The current study surveyed 498 emerging adults at a public university. Conventional medicine was perceived as more effective for alleviating health concerns overall, but participants perceived prayer as most effective when performed in a group setting for someone else...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Minoo Asadzandi
Fear and anxiety caused by acute diseases, despair and sorrow resulting from chronic illness, are spiritual reactions which require care. Spiritual care should be done based on a training model. This study was conducted to design and validate "an Islamic religious spiritual health training model for patients." Content analysis was applied for health education models and motivation theories in this qualitative study. Based on the components of the spiritual care model of Sound Heart, compatible concepts were adopted and formulated to a model...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Cindy Schmidt, Loes Nauta, Melissa Patterson, Adam Ellis
Most patients want to discuss their religious and spiritual concerns, yet few physicians discuss it. First-year medical students (n = 92) interviewed a standardized patient experiencing spiritual distress. There was a significant difference among the students' reasoning for their (dis)comfort and (mis)matching religion with their patient (X2  = 21.0831, p < .05). Most students whose religion matched their patient felt comfortable because of having this in common with their patient. Most students whose religion did not match that of their patient ascribed their comfort to their religious belief to be open and accepting...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Fabiana Chagas Coelho, Cleide Adriane Signor Tirloni, Aline Aparecida Macedo Marques, Francielly Mourão Gasparotto, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
Although the traditional use of medicinal plants is a very widespread practice in Brazil, there are still few studies aimed at native prescribers, known as healers. The aim of this work was to catalog the medicinal species prescribed by remaining healers of the Grande Dourados region, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with support of a standardized questionnaire for remaining healers selected using the "snowball" technique. The medicinal species selected were collected, identified, and classified according to the British National Formulary...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Marek S Kopacz, Stephen B Dillard, Erica F Drame, Karen S Quigley
This report examines responses to a brief online survey, comparing how faith-based (n = 27) and non-faith-based (n = 61) organizations engage with Veteran populations as well as the supportive services they provide. Data were analyzed using two-sample z-tests and Chi-squared tests. No significant differences were noted between respondents for self-reported confidence in responding to health care issues/concerns or engagement with Veteran populations. Faith-based respondents were found to provide significantly less mental health, suicide prevention, education/outreach, and other services, while providing significantly more spiritual care...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Adam J Mrdjenovich
The question of why atheists and agnostic theists attend religious services and pray (and what that might mean for their health) is examined through (1) a thematic analysis of commentaries, perspective pieces, and news articles from the popular literature, and (2) a critical review of scholarly research involving comparisons between religious and nonreligious individuals on a variety of health-related outcomes. Findings suggest that atheists and agnostic theists can take pleasure in attending religious services, and they may be driven to pray at times...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Milad Borji, Asma Tarjoman
The growth of elderly population is among the most important issues in the world, and religious interventions can help them to keep their health. For this reason, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of religious intervention on subjective vitality and sense of loneliness of the elderly referring to healthcare centers. This semi-experimental study was conducted on 88 elderlies referring to community healthcare centers of Ilam City. The elderlies were randomly assigned into test and control groups, and subjective vitality and sense of loneliness questionnaire was distributed to them...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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