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Journal of Religion and Health

Farnoosh Moafi, Maryam Momeni, Mohadeseh Tayeba, Sarah Rahimi, Hamideh Hajnasiri
Loss of pregnancy is a major stressor which can cause mental disorders. In stressful conditions, spiritual intelligence can be used as a coping strategy to manage and cope with the stressor. It may also produce positive outcomes in spontaneous abortion. This study aimed to assess the relationship of spiritual intelligence with depression after spontaneous abortion. This cross-sectional descriptive-correlational study was done in 2015-2016 on 185 women with spontaneous abortion who were hospitalized in the postnatal care ward of Kowsar teaching hospital, Qazvin, Iran...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Malik Muhammad Sohail
Religious/spiritual beliefs play an important role in nursing of patients during chronic condition. Religion comprises an institutionalized set of transcendent ideas, while spirituality is personal and subjective dimension of religious experience in search of sacred (Hill and Pargament in Psychol Relig Spiritual S(1):3-17, 2008). The prevailing literature describes the influential impact of religiosity/spirituality on coping with chronic disease, but specifically patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) have not been studied in Pakistani context...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Hüsna Özveren, Kamile Kırca
Spiritual care is a part of integrated care and should not be considered as a separate aspect of palliative care. Spirituality is seen as a requirement that must be met for all patients. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of palliative care on the perception levels of student nurses regarding spirituality and spiritual care. The research was carried out as a single-group pretest-posttest intervention study. The study was conducted with 70 student nurses. Data were collected via personal information form and spirituality and spiritual care grading scale (SSCGS)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Owrang Eilami, Moslem Moslemirad, Ebrahim Naimi, Amin Babuei, Karim Rezaei
The religious aspect is the most important aspect of the human nature that helps the human achieve the meaning and purpose of life as well as playing a very important role in the health of patients. This study aimed to determine the effect of religious psychotherapy emphasizing the importance of prayers on mental health and pain in cancer patients. This study is a clinical trial that was conducted in 2017 in Yasuj, Iran. According to the purpose of the study, the patients were randomly assigned into two experimental and control groups...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Curtis W Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Ebrahim Naimi, Owrang Eilami, Amin Babuei, Karim Rezaei, Moslem Moslemirad
The development of heart disease, followed by the pacemaker implantation, has reduced the quality and psychological problems for patients. Thus, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of prayer on the quality of life and the psychological status of patients with permanent pacemaker. This is a quasi-experimental study in which 75 patients were assigned to experimental and control groups. Religious intervention was conducted for the experimental group, including the Tavasol prayer and four recommended (mustahab) remembrances in 7 sessions...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Engin Şenel
Bibliometrics and scientometrics are popular and novel disciplines providing information in publication trends in a certain academic field. Although there has been an increasing popularity in bibliometric studies, a limited number of reports have been published in religion and health literature. In this study, to the best of our knowledge we aimed to perform a first bibliometric analysis in the health literature related to Dharmic religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. We found a total of 655 health articles related to Dharmic religions as we searched Web of Science databases...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Nazila Isgandarova
This article first describes Sufism, the mystical/spiritual tradition of Islam then move to define Islamic psychotherapy and the various aspects of muraqaba by providing an overview of the Sufi literature. I will also highlight how the techniques used in muraqaba can be adapted and used as mindfulness-based stress reduction, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, meditation, transcendental meditation, mind-body techniques (meditation, relaxation), and body-mind techniques. Although muraqaba might not be effective for all mental health issues, I suggest a possible value of muraqaba for treating symptomatic anxiety, depression, and pain...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mohammad Nadeem, Muhammad Ayub Buzdar, Muhammad Shakir, Samra Naseer
The major focus of this research was to investigate the effects of religiosity factor on internet addiction among young adults enrolled at college level. We adopted two instruments to gather the information including OK-religious attitude scale for Muslims developed and used by Ok, Uzeyir, and Internet Addiction Test prepared by Widyanto and McMurran. In total, 800 Muslim college students enrolled in four colleges at graduate level of southern Punjab Pakistan were chosen through multi-phase sampling. The subscales revealed more than ...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Belén Charro Baena, Carmen Meneses, Jose M Caperos, María Prieto, Jorge Uroz
This study explored the relationship between religion, religiosity and alcohol consumption in a sample of 2.890 adolescents (ages 12-18) in Madrid, Spain. Results showed that non-believers were the group that consume and abuse alcohol the most, as opposed to Catholics. Besides, religiosity was related to a lower alcohol use. Therefore, religion and religiosity in Spanish adolescents appear to be related to a low alcohol use. This contribution may help to clarify the risk and protection factors for alcohol consumption by adolescents and contribute to strengthening the preventive actions...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Joseph Chinenye Aliche, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, John E Eze
Surgery is a relatively commonplace medical procedure in healthcare settings. The mental health status of the person undergoing surgery is vital, but there is dearth of empirical studies on the mental health status of surgery patients, particularly with regard to the factors associated with anxiety in surgical conditions. This study investigated the roles of religious commitment, emotion regulation (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and social support in preoperative anxiety in a sample of 210 surgical inpatients from a Nigerian tertiary healthcare institution...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Özlem Öztürk Şahin, Aysel Topan
Illness and hospitalization are conditions leading to negative effects in children's lives regardless of their age. This study was performed descriptively in order to examine the fears of hospitalized children for illness and hospital. The study was descriptive and sectional and performed in Karabük University (Turkey) Training and Research Hospital between February 1 and May 1, 2015. Sample of the study was composed of 144 children who were hospitalized due to an acute illness and their parents who approved to participate in the study...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Glòria Durà-Vilà, Matthew Hodes
There is a limited amount of empirical data available regarding the cultural and religious variation in perceptions about the age when young people should be regarded as competent to make decisions in health settings. A public survey of 400 adults from diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds was conducted in the UK and Spain. Attitudes were assessed using case vignettes. It was found that high religious practice was associated with recommending a higher age of consent for medical interventions. White British adults were more likely than Spanish adults to agree that younger adolescents should be allowed to consent to medical interventions...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Élida Mara Carneiro, Satyaki Afonso Navinchandra, Lorene Vento, Rodolfo Pessato Timóteo, Maria de Fátima Borges
The present study aimed to determine the relation between religiousness/spirituality (R/S), resilience and burnout in employees of a public hospital. A total of 57 participants were evaluated, and the R/S Brief Multidimensional Measure, Pesce and collaborators' resilience scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Most employees (91.2%) were females. It was observed that the burnout and resilience variables showed statistically significant differences in relation to R/S dimensions. The results identified an association between R/S, resilience and burnout, demonstrating that employees who are more religious and spiritualized have greater resilience and consequently are less often affected by burnout...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
John A Bernhart, Elizabeth A La Valley, Andrew T Kaczynski, Sara Wilcox, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Nathan Peters, Caroline G Dunn, Brent Hutto
Faith-based settings have the potential to improve health in underresourced communities, but little research has quantified and compared health-promoting elements in church environments. This study examines the number of potential indoor and outdoor physical activity opportunities, healthy eating opportunities, healthy living media, and total environmental resources present in churches (n = 54) in a rural, southeastern US county and the relationship between these resources and neighborhood income. In our sample, most churches offered potential indoor and outdoor opportunities for physical activity and healthy eating opportunities, with more variability in the number of healthy living media items on display compared to other environmental components...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Harold G Koenig, Nagy A Youssef, Rev John P Oliver, Donna Ames, Kerry Haynes, Fred Volk, Ellen J Teng
Religious involvement is associated with mental health and well-being in non-military populations. This study examines the relationship between religiosity and PTSD symptoms, and the mediating effects of anxiety and depression in Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 585 V/ADM recruited from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and PTSD symptoms. Demographics, military characteristics, and social factors were assessed, along with measurement of religiosity, PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mustafa Tekke, P J Watson, Saim Kayadibi, Zhuo Job Chen
Amanah refers to the accountability of Muslims to their community. In Malaysian Muslim university students (N = 209), an Amanah Scale predicted a stronger sense of identity along with more adaptive religious and psychosocial functioning. Multiple regression analyses identified Accountability to Society as especially influential, but Accountability to Allah exhibited at least some problematic implications. Amanah mediated Identity linkages with some measures of religious and psychological adjustment, but also suppressed Identity relationships with greater self-knowledge and lower anxiety...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Gulengul Mermer, Mahide Demirelöz Akyüz, Hafize Ozturk Can
This cross-sectional study aimed to explore Turkish midwifery students' perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and to investigate the factors affecting them. Data were collected from 271 students of the Midwifery Department of the High School of Health of a state university in the west of Turkey using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale. A significant difference was found between belief in the need for spiritual care and the practice of spiritual care during midwifery training and the total score on the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale, but no significant difference was found between the students' year of class, whether they had heard about spiritual care, and their state of knowledge concerning spiritual care...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Kent D Drescher, Joseph M Currier, Jason A Nieuwsma, Wesley McCormick, Timothy D Carroll, Brook M Sims, Christine Cauterucio
This study examines VA chaplains' understandings of moral injury (MI) and preferred intervention strategies. Drawing qualitative responses with a nationally-representative sample, content analyses indicated that chaplains' definitions of MI comprised three higher order clusters: (1) MI events, (2) mechanisms in development of MI, and (3) warning signs of MI. Similarly, chaplains' intervention foci could be grouped into three categories: (1) pastoral/therapeutic presence, (2) implementing specific interventions, and (3) therapeutic processes to promote moral repair...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Sarah R Lowe, Petty Tineo, Megan N Young
Prior research has found that Muslim Americans' discrimination experiences are associated with increased risk of mental health problems. However, few studies have included Muslim American college students or identified moderators of this relationship. Among a sample of Muslim American college students (N = 141), the current study found that perceived discrimination was positively associated with MD and GAD symptom severity. Having a strong Muslim American identity exacerbated the relationship between perceived discrimination and GAD symptoms...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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