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Journal of Religion and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110428/exploring-relationship-between-spiritual-intelligence-religiosity-and-life-satisfaction-among-elderly-pakistani-muslims
#1
Khadeeja Munawar, Omama Tariq
This study is an effort to explore the relationship between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction in elderly Pakistani Muslims. A non-probability purposive sampling technique is utilized in order to recruit a sample of 100 elderly people (n = 50 men; n = 50 = women). Standardized questionnaires were used for collecting data. Data analysis was carried out using Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and independent sample t test. Findings revealed a significant correlation between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction among Pakistani elderly Muslim people...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#2
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108912/the-concepts-of-hope-and-fear-in-the-islamic-thought-implications-for-spiritual-health
#3
Fatemeh Bahmani, Mitra Amini, Seyed Ziaeddin Tabei, Mohamad Bagher Abbasi
The Holy Qur'ān and medieval Islamic writings have many references to "hope" (rajā) and "fear" (khawf) as both single and paired concepts. However, a comprehensive analytical study on these two notions from an Islamic point of view still seems lacking. Both paper and electronic documents related to Islamic and Qur'ānic literature are being used in this study. Also Web resources are searched for keywords of fear, hope and Islam in three languages of Arabic, English and Persian, including Tanzil.net, Almaany...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102466/the-care-of-the-ultra-orthodox-jewish-patient
#4
Ezra Gabbay, Matthew W McCarthy, Joseph J Fins
The Ultra-Orthodox Jewish community embraces a system of values and a rigorous behavioral code that are deeply rooted in religious tradition and history. Here we describe some of the unique challenges that stem from the encounter between modern medical practice and the Ultra-Orthodox world. Through examples of clinical and ethical scenarios ranging from prenatal care to end-of-life decisions, we illustrate problems related to observance of age-old practices in a modern hospital setting, balancing acceptance of Divine will with standard risk assessment, reconciliation of patient autonomy with deference to rabbinic authority and fear of stigma associated with mental illness in a traditional society...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070765/health-impacts-of-religious-practices-and-beliefs-associated-with-the-church-of-jesus-christ-of-latter-day-saints
#5
Rocío de Diego Cordero, Bárbara Badanta Romero
The aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: "Mormons", "mormons religion", "health". Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063092/was-hawan-designed-to-fight-anxiety-scientific-evidences
#6
R K Romana, A Sharma, V Gupta, R Kaur, S Kumar, P Bansal
Anxiety is a psychiatric disorder with unknown neurobiology; however, neurotransmitters like gamma-amino butyric acid, norepinephrine and serotonin (5-HT) play crucial roles in mediating anxiety. Present drug modules pose dependence risk to the patient; hence, there is a great need to develop complementary therapies to fight this disorder. Aromatherapy has also been employed in ancient times for a number of mental disorders. Mahamrituanjay Mantra, Om triambkum yajamahe, sughandhim puushtivardhanam, urvarukmev vandhanaat, mrityu mokshay mamritaat!!!!, the part of veda enlightens that aroma gives rise to good health (sughandhim puushtivardhanam)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054217/the-role-of-the-penteco-charismatic-clergy-in-the-political-health-development-in-ghana
#7
Moses Kumi Asamoah
Several countries in Africa are perpetually linked to an inexpungable history of cyclical ethnic conflicts, violence and coup d'état which culminated in the untimely death of many, others severely wounded and many left in a hopeless situation. The paper discusses in-depth, the role and functions of the clergy (ministers of religion) in the political health development in Ghana. The rationale is that the clergy's esteemed status among the church members and the society as a whole could impact positively on the lives of the people in the society, and for that matter, they are expected to speak to national issues...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054216/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-filipino-versions-of-the-duke-university-religion-index-and-the-spiritual-coping-strategies-scale-in-filipino-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Ralph Warren P Reyes, Paolo C Colet, Joel C Estacio, Sílvia Caldeira, Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Harold G Koenig
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Filipino versions of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-F) and the Spiritual Coping Strategies scale (SCS-F) for hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Philippines. A convenient sample of 162 HD patients was included in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The DUREL-F and SCS-F exhibited acceptable internal consistency and stability reliability, as well as excellent content and construct validity. The findings confirmed the soundness of the psychometric properties of the two scales...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050747/the-association-between-muslim-religiosity-and-young-adult-college-students-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#9
Mohammad Nadeem, Akhtar Ali, Muhammad Ayub Buzdar
Depression, anxiety, and stress are among major psychological disorders being predominant in present day. This study proposed to analyze the role of Muslim religiosity in male students showing these mental indications. A sample including 723 Pakistani young adults enrolled at college level was randomly chosen. Muslim Religiosity Measurement Scale and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale were utilized to gather information. Discoveries uncover an inverse relationship between conduct and affiliation with the symptoms of mental disorders, anxiety and stress among the respondents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039542/the-relationships-between-spiritual-well-being-quality-of-life-and-psychological-factors-before-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#10
Sara J Walker, Yiyi Chen, Kyungjeen Paik, Brandy Mirly, Charles R Thomas, Arthur Y Hung
Given shifting trends of religious identities in the USA, better understanding the impact of patients' religious identities on health-related quality of life (QOL) may help tailor the use of psychological interventions. Men with prostate cancer (N = 43) completed measures of quality of life (QOL), spiritual well-being in two domains (i.e., Faith and Meaning/Peace), psychological state, and psychological trait before undergoing radiotherapy. We hypothesized that (1) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with higher QOL and psychological trait protective factors (e...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035632/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-faculty-of-theology-students-on-organ-transplantation
#11
Seher Gürdil Yilmaz, Burcu Opak Yücel, Döndü Çuhadar
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035631/reflections-on-cultural-preferences-and-internal-medicine-the-case-of-jehovah-s-witnesses-and-the-changing-thresholds-for-blood-transfusions
#12
Iftach Sagy, Alan Jotkowitz, Leonid Barksi
Jehovah's witnesses oppose receiving blood transfusions based on religious grounds. This refusal raises complex medical, legal and ethical issues for the treating medical staff. In the past physicians attempted to force patients and children to accept transfusions when deemed medically necessary through the use of court orders. However, in recent years the threshold for blood transfusion has been gradually raised by medical experts as expressed in consensus guidelines, which means that Jehovah's witnesses' aversion to transfusion would have been partially justified medically...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032319/religiosity-marital-quality-and-couple-generativity-in-italian-couples-belonging-to-a-catholic-spiritual-association-a-quali-quantitative-study
#13
Miriam Parise, Fabiana Gatti, Raffaella Iafrate
The current studies aimed, firstly, at exploring the relationship between the level of religiosity and marital outcomes, in terms of relationship quality and couple generativity; secondly, at gaining insight into which strategies the couples use to ensure their marital quality/couple generativity, and understanding if religious practices have a positive influence on the development of such strategies. The studies focused on a specific aspect of religiosity, that is the active involvement in a Catholic association, and compared couples with a high level of religious involvement (HRI) belonging to a Catholic international association (New Families) and couples with a low level of religious involvement (LRI)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032318/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-god-locus-of-health-control-glhc-a-study-on-muslim-pilgrims
#14
Amir Reza Nabipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Narges Khanjani, Maryam Soltani, Hossein Zirak Moradlou, Zahrasadat Soltani
God Locus of Health Control (GHLC) scale is an instrument for assessing to what extent one believes that God controls his/her health or disease. The aim of this study was to describe the cultural adaptation of this scale and to investigate the psychometric properties of Persian version. At first, the scale was forward-translated to Persian, and then, backward-translation was conducted. Finally, the synthesized back-translated version was prepared and compared to the draft Persian-language version of the GLHC...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028661/volunteer-work-religious-commitment-and-resting-pulse-rates
#15
Neal Krause, Gail Ironson, Peter C Hill
Research indicates that greater involvement in volunteer activities is associated with better health. We aim to contribute to this literature in two ways. First, rather than rely on self-reports of health, measured resting pulse rates serve as the dependent variable. Second, an effort is made to see if religious commitment moderates the relationship between volunteering and resting pulse rates. Data that come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 2265) suggest that volunteer work is associated with lower resting pulse rates...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028660/sex-specific-impact-of-spiritual-beliefs-and-sleep-quality-on-degree-of-psychological-distress
#16
Adam P Knowlden, Meghan E Shewmake, Maranda Burns, Andy Harcrow
The purpose of this study was to test a set of hypotheses suggesting sleep quality and spiritual beliefs differed according to degree of psychological distress and biological sex. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep quality, the Beliefs and Values Scale measured spiritual beliefs, and the Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale measured distress. A factorial MANOVA tested the model. Higher sleep quality and greater spiritual beliefs were associated with lower levels of distress. Women exhibited lower sleep quality than men, whereas spiritual beliefs were equivalent between sexes...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028659/role-of-religiosity-in-psychological-well-being-among-medical-and-non-medical-students
#17
Shemaila Saleem, Tamkeen Saleem
Religion has been generally considered as a protective factor for the psychological health of the people. As many studies have publicized a high prevalence of psychological morbidities among the medical students during their academic stages of medical schools, it is significant to investigate whether religiosity functions as a protective factor, to explore religiosity as a predictor of psychological well-being in a sample of medical students, and to compare the results of medical students as well as non-medical students with respect to religiosity and psychological well-being...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025759/religiosity-its-impact-on-coping-styles-among-women-undergoing-fertility-treatment
#18
O Grinstein-Cohen, A Katz, O Sarid
The Israeli worldview places great significance on childbearing. This could create emotional and ethical difficulties for women coping with fertility issues in addition to their treatments. This study examined the relations between coping strategies and level of religiosity in 159 women undergoing infertility treatment. Statistically significant relations were found between the problem-solving coping style and religious observance (p < 0.01) and religious beliefs (p < 0.05). An inverse correlation was found between the emotional coping style and religious beliefs (p < 0...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012114/differential-effects-of-family-structure-on-religion-and-spirituality-of-emerging-adult-males-and-females
#19
Paul J Handal, John W Lace
This study examined measures of religion and spirituality in a sample of male and female emerging adult college students whose parents were either divorced or intact using the Personal Religious Inventory, the Duke University Religion Index, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, the Spiritual Transcendence Scale, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Data were collected online, and 66% of participants received extra credit for participating. A main effect of sex was found, as females reported significantly higher scores than men on all but one measure of religion and spirituality, and the dataset was separated by sex...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012113/suicidal-behavior-in-iran-what-should-be-done
#20
Mohammad Zamani, Vahid Zamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
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