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Journal of Religion and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006834/the-influence-of-age-gender-and-religion-on-willingness-to-be-an-organ-donor-experience-of-religious-muslims-living-in-sweden
#1
Ferid Krupic, Olof Westin, Mårten Hagelberg, Olof Sköldenberg, Kristian Samuelsson
The transplantation of organs is one of the most successful medical advances in recent decades, and transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. Despite this situation and the general acknowledgment of organ donation (OD) as a global priority, the demand for organs outstrips the supply in virtually every country in the world. The study aims to elucidate whether age, gender and religion influence decision-making about organ donation in religious Muslims living in Sweden Data were collected through three group interviews using open-ended questions and qualitative content analysis...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995232/health-behaviors-and-preventive-healthcare-utilization-among-african-american-attendees-at-a-faith-based-public-health-conference-healthy-churches-2020
#2
Christopher T Pullins, Pernessa C Seele, Richard O White, Floyd B Willis, Kenneth Poole, Monica L Albertie, Chara Chamie, Angela M Allen, Marion Kelly, Sumedha Penheiter, Matthew R Buras, LaPrincess C Brewer
Unhealthy eating habits and physical inactivity along with lack of access to quality healthcare contribute to the marked health disparities in chronic diseases among African-Americans. Faith-based public health conferences offer a potential opportunity to improve health literacy and change health behaviors through health promotion within this population, thereby reducing health disparities. This study examined the self-reported health behaviors and preventive healthcare utilization patterns of 77 participants at a predominantly African-American faith-based public health conference, Healthy Churches 2020...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992476/health-and-religions-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-health-literature-related-to-abrahamic-religions-between-1975-and-2017
#3
Engin Şenel
Bibliometrics is a high-demand and fast-growing statistical area for the analysis of scientific literature in a certain field. Although religion and health (R&H) field has been a developing study area in recent years, only a few bibliometric studies have been published on the literature in R&H. In this study, we aimed to perform bibliometric analysis of the health literature related to the most populous Abrahamic religions during the period of 1975-2017 by using Web of Science database including WoS Collection Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index and SciELO Citation Index...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992475/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-types-of-projects-implemented-by-volunteer-lay-health-educators-in-their-congregations
#4
Panagis Galiatsatos, Krista A Haapanen, Katie Nelson, Ashley Park, Hasmin Sherwin, Mariah Robertson, Kerry Sheets, W Daniel Hale
This study focused on the association between type of community health interventions and lay health educator variables. Lay health educators are volunteers from local faith communities who complete a healthcare training program, taught by physicians in-training. Lay health educators are instructed to implement health-related initiatives in their respective communities after graduation. Of the 72 graduates since 2011, we surveyed 55 lay health educators to gain insight into their involvement with their congregation and the type of health projects they have implemented...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992474/muslim-traditional-healers-in-accra-ghana-beliefs-about-and-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#5
Lily N A Kpobi, Leslie Swartz
Traditional and faith healing is a common practice in many low- and middle-income countries due to resource limitations and belief systems, particularly for disorders such as mental disorders. We report on the beliefs about mental illness from the perspective of one category of alternative healers in Ghana-the Muslim faith healers. We also report on their methods of diagnoses and treatment for mental disorders. Results show that the healers' beliefs about mental illness revolved around the notion of Jinn as causing most mental illness...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992473/causes-and-means-of-healing-an-islamic-ontological-perspective
#6
Ahsan M Arozullah, Aasim I Padela, M Volkan Stodolsky, M Amin Kholwadia
Healthcare practitioners are increasingly aware that patients may utilize faith-based healing practices in place of conventional medicine based on their spiritual and/or religious understandings of health and illness. Therefore, elucidating the ontological understandings of patients utilizing such religion-based treatments may clarify why patients and clinicians have differing understandings of 'who' heals and 'what' are means for healing. This paper describes an Islamic ontological schema that includes the following realms: Divine existence; spirits/celestial beings; non-physical forms/similitudes; and physical bodies...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978269/religiosity-spirituality-and-physiological-markers-of-health
#7
Eric C Shattuck, Michael P Muehlenbein
The long-standing interest in the effects of religiosity and spirituality (R/S) on health outcomes has given rise to a large and diverse literature. We conducted a meta-analysis on research involving R/S and physiological markers of health to elucidate both the scope and mechanism(s) of this phenomenon. A combined analysis found a significant, but small, beneficial effect. Subgroup analyses found that some measures of both extrinsic and intrinsic religiosity were significantly associated with health. Several outcome measures, including blood pressure, C-reactive protein, and cardiovascular health markers, were significantly associated with R/S...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968114/characteristics-of-religious-and-spiritual-beliefs-of-danish-physicians-and-likelihood-of-addressing-religious-and-spiritual-issues-with-patients
#8
Christian Balslev van Randwijk, Tobias Opsahl, Elisabeth Assing Hvidt, Alex Kappel Kørup, Lars Bjerrum, Karsten Flemming Thomsen, Niels Christian Hvidt
This study investigated the association between physicians' R/S characteristics and frequency of addressing patients' R/S issues. Information was obtained through a questionnaire mailed to 1485 Danish physicians (response rate 63%) (42% female). We found significant associations between physicians' personal R/S and the frequency of addressing R/S issues. Moreover, we identified significant gender differences in most R/S characteristics. However, no differences in frequency of addressing R/S issues were identified across gender...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961181/the-role-and-influence-of-the-mother-in-the-development-of-the-fetus-comparative-study-of-qur-an-hadiths-and-modern-medical-perspectives
#9
Nafiseh Pakravan, Morteza Motaharipour
The creation and development of the fetus is one of the wonders of nature and still has many unknowns. It was previously believed that the mother has no role in fetus formation/development and only acts as a chamber. Today, we know that the mother is involved in both formation and development of the fetus and even in the future of the baby's life. In this article, the relationship between some Qur'anic verses, Hadiths, and the results of new medical research on the importance of mother's role in the development of the fetus and future of the newborn life is discussed...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956054/religiousness-and-diseases-in-europe-findings-from-share
#10
L J Ahrenfeldt, N C Hvidt, S T Kjøller, S Möller, R Lindahl-Jacobsen
Recent research in religiousness and health suggests that epidemiological forces can have opposed effects. Here we examine two forms of religiousness and their association with disease. We performed a cross-sectional study of 23,864 people aged 50+ included in wave 1 (2004-2005) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and a longitudinal study including people from wave 1, who were followed up during 11 years. Results suggested that taking part in a religious organization was associated with lower odds of heart attack (OR 0...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956053/putting-the-spirit-into-culturally-responsive-public-health-explaining-mass-fainting-in-cambodia
#11
Maurice Eisenbruch
The study explores the cultural and religious meaning behind episodes of mass fainting sweeping through garment factories in Cambodia. An ethnographic study was conducted at 20 garment factories in Kandal, Preah Sihanouk, Kampong Cham, Kampong Speu, Takeo, and Kampong Chhnang provinces. Informants were 50 women who fainted or possessed and their families, factory and clinic staff, and monks. Informants described their views on the causes of the mass fainting. Based on the informants' views, the seeds were sown when factories were built on former Khmer Rouge killing fields, when local guardian spirits were disrespected and when the factories were not inaugurated with the proper rituals...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956052/religiosity-and-subjective-well-being-of-the-central-and-eastern-european-s-elderly-population
#12
Simona Ioana Bodogai, Şerban Olah, Gabriel Roşeanu
The paper examines the relation between religiosity and cognitive appraisal of the subjective well-being of the Central and Eastern European's elderly population. The first part of the paper is dedicated to examining of the scientific literature. In the second part, the authors explore the data basis corresponding to the 6th wave of World Value Survey. The authors use the heterogeneous correlation and the multi-linear regression analysis in order to explain the relation between religiosity and subjective well-being of the old aged...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936677/the-effects-of-religion-and-locus-of-control-on-perception-of-mental-illness
#13
Sedem Nunyuia Amedome, Innocent Kwame Bedi
The study investigated the influence of religion and locus of control on perception of mental illness. Specifically, the study explored the relationship between religiosity and perception of mental illness, differences in perception by internals and externals, the effect of knowledge on perception of mental illness and the interactive effect of religiosity and locus of control on perception of mental illness. Data were collected from 200 participants in the Volta Region of Ghana. Three hypotheses were tested in the study using a battery of tests...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936676/how-the-process-of-the-csr-activities-works-on-private-hospitals-and-pharmaceutical-firms-multiple-case-study-from-strategic-perspective
#14
Mustafa Yıldırım, Mustafa Abdül Metin Dinçer
The phenomenon of corporate social responsibility "CSR" has stimulated lots of debates and disagreement among the business scholars. One of the most howling sounds comes from strategy and CSR thinkers. Strategic thinkers of this debate believe that CSR is not only an accountability action but also it is countability action. Due to this countability action heavily based on profit, the scholar of strategy field stated that strategic thinking lens should revise the phenomenon of CSR and the result of its activities...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936675/relationship-between-care-burden-and-religious-beliefs-among-family-caregivers-of-mentally-ill-patients
#15
Parisa Asadi, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam, Bahman Dashtbozorgi, Reza Masoodi
Families are considered as primary sources of care for individuals suffering from mental disorders. However, one of the major stresses in families is the infliction of a family member with mental illnesses causing dysfunction in health dimensions or generally their quality of life. Currently, most experts believe that religion can affect physical health and other aspects of human life. So, the aim of this study was to investigate "the relationship between care burden and religious beliefs among family caregivers of mentally ill patients...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931477/neuroscience-and-brain-death-controversies-the-elephant-in-the-room
#16
Joseph L Verheijde, Mohamed Y Rady, Michael Potts
The conception and the determination of brain death continue to raise scientific, legal, philosophical, and religious controversies. While both the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1981 and the President's Council on Bioethics in 2008 committed to a biological definition of death as the basis for the whole-brain death criteria, contemporary neuroscientific findings augment the concerns about the validity of this biological definition...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926322/attitudes-of-nurses-in-turkey-toward-care-of-dying-individual-and-the-associated-religious-and-cultural-factors
#17
Ezgi Karadag, Serap Parlar Kilic, Ozlem Ugur, Merve Aliye Akyol
The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of nurses working in two university hospitals located in the west and east of Turkey toward care of dying individual as well as religious and cultural factors that influence their attitudes. The descriptive and comparative study was conducted with a total of 189 nurses who were working in adult inpatient clinics of two university hospitals in western (101 nurses) and eastern (88 nurses) Turkey between July and November 2016. The data were obtained by using the questionnaire and Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922869/editorial
#18
Curtis W Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909518/the-african-indigenous-lens-of-understanding-spirituality-reflection-on-key-emerging-concepts-from-a-reviewed-literature
#19
Chioma Ohajunwa, Gubela Mji
In this paper, we will present a reflection on reviewed literature on African indigenous understanding of spirituality, highlighting the influence of this concept on notions of the self, motivation and well-being. The indigenous understanding of spirituality is central to the understanding of the self as distinct, but positioned within the relational-collective self. This African indigenous perception of the self is grounded within the autonomous experience of the tenets of spirituality, which is explored in this paper through the lens of self-determination theory...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907906/toward-a-framework-for-islamic-psychology-and-psychotherapy-an-islamic-model-of-the-soul
#20
Abdallah Rothman, Adrian Coyle
A uniquely Islamic theoretical framework for an Islamic psychology has yet to be established. To do so requires that we understand how human beings are conceptualized within the cosmology that characterizes the Islamic tradition. This paper presents a model of the soul from within an Islamic paradigm, generated through a grounded theory analysis of interviews with 18 key informants with relevant academic or religious expertise. The model elaborates aspects of a mechanism for the development of the soul that constitutes a potential foundation for an Islamic theory of human psychology and has particular relevance for Islamic approaches to psychotherapy...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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