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Journal of Religion and Health

Everton de Oliveira Maraldi
Although a significant body of research supports the psychological benefits of religion and spirituality, more investigations are needed to understand the mechanisms by which they impact mental health. While some studies suggest a causal direct influence, the findings may still be subject to unmeasured factors and confounders. Despite compelling empirical support for the dangers of response bias, this has been a widely neglected topic in mental health research. The aim of this essay is to critically examine the literature addressing the role of response bias in the relationship between religion, spirituality and mental health...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Robin Edward Gearing, Dana Alonzo
Suicide rates and risk and protective factors vary across religions. There has been a significant increase in research in the area of religion and suicide since the article, "Religion and Suicide," reviewed these issues in 2009. This current article provides an updated review of the research since the original article was published. PsycINFO, MEDLINE, SocINDEX, and CINAHL databases were searched for articles on religion and suicide published between 2008 and 2017. Epidemiological data on suicidality and risk and protective factors across religions are explored...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Samta P Pandya
This article is based on a longitudinal study of Indian Americans devoted to a guru tradition, aiming to explore how faith contributes to their mental well-being. Respondent sample size at phase 1 (2003-2004) was 1872 and at phase 2 (2013-2014) was 1764. Two scales were used to measure faith maturity and well-being. Results showed that phase 2 well-being scores of the devotees were higher, influenced by faith maturity and engagement regularity, thereby corroborating the faith-religiosity-well-being link, further reinforced by the structural equation model...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque, Washington Soares Ferreira Júnior, Daniel Carvalho Pires Sousa, Rafael Corrêa Prota Santos Reinaldo, André Luiz Borba do Nascimento, Paulo Henrique Santos Gonçalves
Religiosity/spirituality can affect health and quality of life in myriad ways. Religion has been present since the first moments of our evolutionary history, whether it is understood as a byproduct or as an adaptation of our cognitive evolution. We investigated how religion influences medicinal plant-based local medical systems (LMSs) and focuses on how individual variation in the degree of religiosity/spirituality affects the structure of LMSs. The knowledge of people about their medical systems was obtained through the free-listing technique, and level of religiosity/spirituality was calculated using the Brazilian version of the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Jennifer R Roberts, Molly Maxfield
As awareness of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and diagnosis rates rise, concern about developing such conditions may also increase, referred to here as dementia worry (DW). Few studies have examined DW and potential protective factors. Religiosity provides diverse psychological benefits and may be associated with lower DW; however, intrinsic/extrinsic motivations were expected to differentially relate to DW. Among 83 older adults (M = 69.48 years), both greater intrinsic and extrinsic-social religious motivation were associated with lower DW...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Marco Giannini, Yura Loscalzo, Daniela Beraldi, Alessio Gori
We aimed to examine whether young adults practicing Buddhism have elevated levels of psychological resources and specific personality traits compared to Catholics and Atheists. We recruited 184 participants: Soka Gakkai Buddhists (n = 60); non-practicing Roman Catholic Church believers (n = 62); Atheists (n = 62). We found that the Buddhists have higher optimism than both Catholics and Atheists. They also have higher self-efficacy and self-esteem than Catholics and higher perceived social support than Atheists...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Anna Kuk, Monika Guszkowska
The aim of this study was to determine changes in the sense of meaning in life of university students who participated in psychological workshops "Communication-Forgiveness-Love". The study evaluated 33 university students from first-cycle and second-cycle studies in physical education in the Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw. The Reker's Life Attitude Profile-Revised Questionnaire, Social Competencies Questionnaire (KKS) by Matczak, Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (INTE) by Schutte et al...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
G E Kawika Allen, Kenneth T Wang, P Scott Richards, Mason Ming, Han Na Suh
This study presents the development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Religious Discrimination Scale (RDS). This 11-item instrument identified three dimensions based on perceived discrimination experiences of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS): Perceived Prejudice, Closet Symptoms, and Negative Labels. The psychometric evaluations of the RDS indicated a strong and clear factor structure as well as good internal consistency reliability. The test of measurement and structural invariance across gender also suggested that the RDS scale is equally appropriate to be used with both men and women...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Kathryn Drumhiller, José E Nanín, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton
The influence of religion and spirituality (R/S) on HIV prevention has been understudied, especially for Black and/or Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM), who bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, and who are part of racial/ethnic communities with high engagement in R/S. The specific aim of this study was to explore perspectives about R/S among BLMSM to inform HIV prevention strategies and reduce HIV-related health disparities. Data from 105 qualitative interviews with BLMSM were analyzed; 58 (55%) stated that R/S had no personal influence on HIV prevention...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Whitney DeCamp, Jesse M Smith
The view that religion, as a source of moral guidance and social support, can function to prevent or protect individuals, especially children and adolescents, from a range of deviant and delinquent behaviors is largely (but not completely) born out in the literature. In nations with strong religious identities such as the USA, there is a normative expectation that adolescents who identify with religion are less likely to engage in deviant behavior than those who claim no religion. The present study explores this issue using data from over 10,000 American middle school and high school youth to examine the relationship between religion, nonreligion, and various forms of deviance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Muhammad Ayub Buzdar, Riaz Ul Haq Tariq, Hina Jalal, Mohammad Nadeem
The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of religiousness on the prevalence of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) among young adults. Prevalence of three forms of Allportian religious orientation, three forms of quest religious orientation and seven symptoms of NPD were examined through self-reported measures. 618 randomly selected Muslim students from the four public sector Pakistani universities participated in the study. Three research instruments comprising Religious Orientation Scale developed by Gorsuch and McPherson, Quest Scale developed by Batson and Schoenrade and Narcissistic Personality Inventory developed by Raskin and Terry were used to collect the data...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Guilherme Ramos Sens, Gina Andrade Abdala, Maria Dyrce Dias Meira, Silvana Bueno, Harold G Koenig
This study examines the association between religiosity and physician lifestyle from a Family Health Strategy perspective. This is a cross-sectional study with 30 physicians, who completed the religiosity and lifestyle questionnaires. Among the participants, 70% (n = 21) had no "focus" on spirituality and health. The average total lifestyle score was 74.1 (SD = 8.1), but the "Physical Activity" subscale score was below average (3.4, SD = 2.37). We found eight significant correlations between religiosity and lifestyle subscales (p < 0...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Taqwa Zabidi
Issues of gender ambiguity have been discussed over time from both Islamic and medical perspectives. In Islam, these issues are typically considered in the context of khunūthah (literally translated as hermaphroditism). While biomedical studies have appeared to provide a large amount of information on abnormal human biological development, i.e. Disorders of Sex Development (DSDs). However, the connection between these two fields has been given little attention. This research aims to determine the Islamic underpinnings through the fatwa around the globe...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
David R Paine, Steven J Sandage, Elizabeth G Ruffing, Peter C Hill
A number of studies have examined the mediating factors in the relationship between religion and spirituality (R/S) and psychological health. Humility is a virtue that has been positively correlated with R/S variables, measures of well-being, and indicators of psychosocial functioning. In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Travis J Pashak, Michelle D Justice, Brittany R Burns, Kari I Lahar, Paul J Handal, Chelsi Creech
We begin with a review of death anxiety in emerging adults and then report on a descriptive survey study using the Revised Livingston-Zimet Death Anxiety Scale (RLZDAS). Research questions dealt with the RLZDAS' factor structure, demographic patterns, and hypothesized correlations with distress and religiosity/spirituality. We surveyed university-enrolled emerging adults (n = 706). Findings included a 3-factor solution on the RLZDAS (cognitive, repressive, and affective) and no appreciable relationships with demographic factors...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mohd Arif Atarhim, Susan Lee, Beverley Copnell
The increasing evidence that spirituality is a critical component for promoting health and well-being has made spirituality more significant to nursing practice. However, although nurses' perceptions of spirituality have been studied in western countries, there has been little research on this topic in Southeast Asian countries where religions other than Christianity predominate. This study explores Malaysian nurses' perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and examines associations between socio-demographics and their perceptions...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Edyta Janus, Anna Misiorek
A growing number of researchers attempt to identify the reasons why some people become volunteers. An analysis of the motives of people who helped persons with disabilities for free during World Youth Day, a renowned religious event, may contribute to this discussion. The aim of this article is to present the results of a survey encompassing 51 volunteers who assisted persons with disabilities during the 31st World Youth Day, which was held in Poland in 2016.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Masoud Rayyani, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Several studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors' lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor's lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Suhair Hussni Al-Ghabeesh, Ali Ahmad Alshraifeen, Ahmad Rajeh Saifan, Ibraheem Hassan Bashayreh, Karimeh Mousa Alnuaimi, Haya Ali Masalha
The aim of this systematic review was to answer these questions: What does spirituality means to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)? And are there associations between spirituality and the health outcomes and general well-being of patients with ESRD? Thirty-three studies met the review criteria. Meaning of spirituality for patients with ESRD and spirituality in the lives of patients with ESRD were the main themes emerged. There is growing evidence that suggests a positive relationship between spirituality and the health outcomes and well-being of ESRD patients...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Masoume Rambod, Farkhondeh Sharif, Zahra Molazem, Kate Khair
Spirituality plays an important role in coping with chronic diseases. However, the meaning of spirituality is not known in hemophilia, as a chronic disease. This study aimed to explore the essence of spirituality in hemophilia patients. This qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach was conducted on twelve Muslim adult hemophilia patients. The participants were selected using purposeful sampling. The data were gathered through interview. Then, the data were analyzed using thematic analysis and van Manen's methodological framework...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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