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Journal of Religion and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526912/moral-injury-and-definitional-clarity-betrayal-spirituality-and-the-role-of-chaplains
#1
Timothy J Hodgson, Lindsay B Carey
This article explores the developing definition of moral injury within the current key literature. Building on the previous literature regarding 'Moral Injury, Spiritual Care and the role of Chaplains' (Carey et al. in JORH 55(4):1218-1245, 2016b. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x ), this article notes the complexity that has developed due to definitional variations regarding moral injury-particularly with respect to the concepts of 'betrayal' and 'spirituality'. Given the increasing recognition of moral injury and noting the relevance and importance of utilizing a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model, this article argues that betrayal and spirituality should be core components for understanding, defining and addressing moral injury...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516397/perspective-of-islamic-self-rethinking-ibn-al-qayyim-s-three-heart-model-from-the-scope-of-dynamical-social-psychology
#2
Walid Briki, Mahfoud Amara
The present article proposes the perspective of Islamic self (PIS), which is guided by three core principles. First, the Islamic self is shaped by the God's predicament: The life test. Second, the structure of the self and its spiritual virtues represent means to succeed the life test. Third, the complex dynamics of the self can be mathematically formalized into a parsimonious framework. Specifically, the PIS considers the self as a dynamical system characterized by the emergence of self-organized stable and unstable patterns taking the form of positive ("illuminating heart") or negative ("darkened heart") dynamics...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516396/body-sanctification-and-sleep-in-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#3
Antonia T Kopp, Barbara A Chini, Sophia M Dimitriou, Daniel H Grossoehme
Imbuing one's body with divine significance is associated with health-protective behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adolescents with a life-shortening, chronic disease (cystic fibrosis) who sanctified their bodies also received adequate sleep. Data from Daily Phone Diaries and questionnaire replies from 45 adolescents with cystic fibrosis (ages 11-19 years) were analyzed. A significant relationship between body sanctification and sleep was found, with between-gender differences. Body sanctification is an understudied construct which is associated with healthy behaviors...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502025/mindfulness-in-salah-prayer-and-its-association-with-mental-health
#4
Shahid Ijaz, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Irshad Ahmad
Plethora of researches has been carried out for the last many decades and has identified relationship between mental health and religious convictions; in particular, range of religious practices has been found instrumental in the promotion of mental health. The aim of this paper is to find out association between mindfulness in Salah (prayer) and mental health of individuals who identify themselves with Islam and to examine the mental health of those Muslims who offer Salah prayer with mindfulness and those who offer without mindfulness...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502024/the-relationship-between-religious-beliefs-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Fatemeh Vizehfar, Azita Jaberi
Patients with chronic diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), are prone to emotional distresses and reduction in life quality more than others. This study aimed to assess the relationship between religious beliefs and quality of life among patients with MS. In this study, 145 MS patients completed 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) questionnaires. The results indicated that unorganized religious activities were significantly associated with marital status and education level...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502023/sources-of-care-for-alcohol-and-other-drug-problems-the-role-of-the-african-american-church
#6
Eunice C Wong, Kathryn P Derose, Paula Litt, Jeremy N V Miles
African Americans experience significant disparities in treatment access, retention, and quality of care for alcohol and drug use (AOD) problems. Religious congregations, often the first point of contact for help with AOD problems, can play an integral role in improving access to treatment. However, little is known about the role of African American churches in addressing AOD problems. We administered a survey to a faith-based collaborative of 169 African American churches in Los Angeles to examine how AOD problems are identified in congregations, the types of support provided, barriers to providing treatment referrals, and factors associated with the provision of treatment referrals...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500501/-can-one-put-faith-and-work-in-the-same-sentence-faith-development-and-vocation-of-a-female-leader-in-the-engineering-profession
#7
Claude-Hélène Mayer, Rian Viviers
Faith has been pointed out as a possible resource in strengthening individuals' health and well-being at work. The aim of this article is to gain in-depth knowledge of the faith development and vocation of a selected female leader in a male-dominated work context. The article contributes to research on faith development in women leaders, based on Fowler's faith development theory. This is a single case study grounded in a qualitative research design. In-depth qualitative data were gathered through observation and interviews over 18 months...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484933/exploring-religiosity-self-esteem-stress-and-depression-among-students-of-a-cypriot-university
#8
Evanthia Sakellari, Maria Psychogiou, Anna Georgiou, Milena Papanidi, Vasso Vlachou, Despina Sapountzi-Krepia
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Religiosity, Self-esteem, Stress, and Depression among nursing students, social work students, and early-education students of a Cypriot University. The data were collected using four questionnaires. The results indicate a significant positive association between Depression and Stress. Greater levels of Self-esteem were found to be associated with lower depression levels in correlation analysis, while strength of Religious and Spiritual Beliefs was correlated negatively with depression...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484932/islamic-religious-leaders-in-israel-as-social-agents-for-change-on-health-related-issues
#9
Michal Cohen-Dar, Samira Obeid
Islamic religious leaders (IRLs) have the potential to influence health education, health promotion, and positive health outcomes among their own communities. This study aims to examine the role and effectiveness of Arab Muslim religious leaders, in Israel, as social agents for change on health-related issues, focusing on reduction in infant mortality, prematurity, and congenital malformations attributed to consanguineous marriage. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to 127 IRLs, in 2012, to gain insights into practice, attitudes, and perceptions of IRLs toward their role as social agents for change on health-related issues...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477310/the-system-of-belief-inventory-a-validation-study-in-turkish-cancer-patients
#10
Behice Erci, Ümmühan Aktürk
This study was conducted with the purpose of assessing validity and reliability of the System of belief inventory, which was developed to evaluate the System of belief inventory of cancer patients in Turkish society. In the present study, the result of the KMO test was determined to be 0.71, and that of Bartlett's test was 988.269; both tests were observed to be significant at p < 0.001. The Cronbach α reliability coefficient of the System of belief inventory was determined to be 0.98, and the α values of the System of belief inventory subgroups were 0...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474277/religion-spirituality-and-folk-medicine-superstition-in-a-neonatal-unit
#11
Jose María Lloreda-Garcia
Beliefs and practices surrounding religion and spirituality (RS) feature in neonatal units, although healthcare professionals and families hold different views on their role in neonatal care. Descriptive study performed at the Neonatology Unit of Santa Lucía University Hospital, Cartagena. Separate forms concerning spirituality, religion and folk medicine were administered to professionals ascribed to the unit (n = 70) and parents (n = 93). 70% of professionals and 60.2% of parents perceive RS as playing a relevant role in neonatal care; however, 45% of professionals prefer that parents do not express their RS beliefs...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470447/perceived-perfectionism-from-god-scale-development-and-initial-evidence
#12
Kenneth T Wang, G E Kawika Allen, Hannah I Stokes, Han Na Suh
In this study, the Perceived Perfectionism from God Scale (PPGS) was developed with Latter-day Saints (Mormons) across two samples. Sample 1 (N = 421) was used for EFA to select items for the Perceived Standards from God (5 items) and the Perceived Discrepancy from God (5 items) subscales. Sample 2 (N = 420) was used for CFA and cross-validated the 2-factor oblique model as well as a bifactor model. Perceived Standards from God scores had Cronbach alphas ranging from .73 to .78, and Perceived Discrepancy from God scores had Cronbach alphas ranging from ...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466099/healthcare-in-pali-buddhism
#13
Giuliano Giustarini
This article addresses an apparent paradox found in Pali Buddhist literature: while the "uncompounded" (asaṅkhata) is valued over and above what is "compounded" (saṅkhata), the texts also encourage careful attention to relative (or, physical) health. The mind is the laboratory and the object of a thorough work meant to lead to final liberation from mental affliction and from the cycle of existence, whereas the body is perceived as impure, limited, and intrinsically unsatisfactory. Nonetheless, a disciple of the Buddha is supposed to take care of his/her own and others' physical wellbeing, and monastic equipment includes a set of medicines...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456853/cultured-meat-in-islamic-perspective
#14
Mohammad Naqib Hamdan, Mark J Post, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Amin Rukaini Mustafa
Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447176/the-structural-model-of-spirituality-and-psychological-well-being-for-pregnancy-specific-stress
#15
Mahrokh Dolatian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Taibeh Dilgony, Jamal Shams, Farid Zaeri
Women experience different types of stress in their lifetime. The present study was conducted to examine the structural model of spirituality and psychological well-being for pregnancy-specific stress. The present descriptive correlational study was conducted on 450 pregnant Iranian women (150 women from each trimester) in Dehdasht city in 2015. Data were collected using the personal-social questionnaire, the pregnancy-specific stress questionnaire, the spirituality questionnaire and the psychological well-being questionnaire and were then analyzed in SPSS-16 and Lisrel-8...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444608/mechanisms-behind-religiosity-and-spirituality-s-effect-on-mental-health-quality-of-life-and-well-being
#16
Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, Helder H Kamei, Patricia R Tobo, Giancarlo Lucchetti
This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444607/the-provision-of-spiritual-care-in-hospices-a-study-in-four-hospices-in-north-rhine-westphalia
#17
Andreas Walker, Christof Breitsameter
This article considers the role and the practices of spiritual care in hospices. While spiritual care was firmly established as one of the four pillars of practical hospice care alongside medical, psychological and social care by Cicely Saunders, the importance and functions of spiritual care in daily practice remain arguable. When speaking about spirituality, what are we actually speaking about? What form do the spiritual relations take between full-time staff and volunteers on the one hand, and the patients and their family members on the other? These were central questions of a qualitative study that we carried out in four hospices in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, to explore how spiritual care is provided in hospices and what significance spirituality has in hospices...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439682/cancer-induced-bone-pain-management-through-buddhist-beliefs
#18
Fung Kei Cheng
Dealing with physical pain represents a huge public health expenditure, especially for cancer-induced bone pain, one of the most difficult health issues, which impairs appetite, sleep, and mobility, negatively impacting quality of life and evoking mental problems. Although some literature has reported positive correlation between religion and pain management, there is a dearth of research examining the effectiveness of Buddhism on this topic. This study investigates the usefulness of Buddhist beliefs in managing cancer-induced bone pain through a case example...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432499/depressive-symptoms-and-tobacco-use-does-religious-orientation-play-a-protective-role
#19
Stacy C Parenteau
Many studies have established an association between depression and smoking. The main objective of this study was to determine whether religious orientation moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and tobacco use. This study utilized a cross-sectional data collection strategy to examine the relationship among depressive symptoms, religious orientation, and tobacco use among undergraduate students (N = 349) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Extrinsic/Intrinsic Religious Orientation Scale-Revised and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425007/-no-more-buzz-a-qualitative-study-of-the-current-response-to-hiv-in-the-anglican-church-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#20
Simon Hallonsten
Using a triangulation design combining participant observation, survey results, and interviews, this paper studies the current form of the response to HIV in the local Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa. The results show that people are generally aware of HIV. The "buzz" around HIV has, however, subsided. The local church does not directly engage HIV anymore, and HIV is more mentioned than talked about. HIV stigma continues to pose a challenge. To work towards the prevention of HIV, the local church needs to put HIV back on the agenda and continue to speak about the virus...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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