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Journal of Religion and Health

James White, Xiaohe Xu, Christopher G Ellison, Reed T DeAngelis, Thankam Sunil
Does religious involvement (i.e., attendance and salience) mitigate the association between combat casualty exposure and sleep disturbance among US military veterans? To address this question, we analyze cross-sectional survey data from the public-use version of the 2011 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Military Personnel. Results from multivariate regression models indicate: (1) Combat casualty exposure was positively associated with sleep disturbance; (2) religious salience both offset and moderated (i...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
John W Lace, Kristen A Haeberlein, Paul J Handal
This study examined differences between male and female emerging adults on low, moderate, and high levels of religious integration in relation to psychological distress. Participants were recruited from undergraduate courses at a religiously affiliated, Midwestern university and completed the integration scale of the Personal Religious Inventory and the Langner Symptom Survey. Due to significantly higher reports of religious integration in female participants, the sample was separated by sex. A significant, negative correlation between religious integration and psychological distress was found only for females...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Tamara Taggart, Nisha Gottfredson, Wizdom Powell, Susan Ennett, Linda M Chatters, Lori Carter-Edwards, Eugenia Eng
This study determined the nature of the associations between religious socialization, religiosity, and adolescent sexual initiation. Data originated from the National Survey of American Life-Adolescent (n = 1170), a nationally representative study of black adolescents. Factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and logistic regression were used to evaluate hypotheses. Results indicated that as black adolescents received more messages about religious beliefs and practices, their religiosity was greater and, in turn, they were less likely to report sexual initiation; findings varied by ethnicity, gender, and age...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Dianne Gabriela Habib, Casswina Donald, Gerard Hutchinson
Religious behaviour tends to correlate positively with life satisfaction. The predictive power of this relationship is associated with various socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and religious affiliation. We investigated the relationship between religious involvement and life satisfaction in a multi-religious population of undergraduate medical students of the University of the West Indies. We used a cross-sectional design to assess 228 undergraduates (50 males and 178 females) on religiosity, religious well-being and life satisfaction using the Religious Orientation Test, Religious Well-Being subscale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mujgan Inozu, Yasemin Kahya, Orcun Yorulmaz
Neuroticism and religiosity are distal vulnerability factors for OCD phenomenon. The present study aimed to examine the roles of obsessive beliefs (OBs), thought-control strategies, and guilt in the relationship between these vulnerability factors and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCSs), specifically scrupulosity symptoms in a Muslim sample via SEM. The sample consisted of 273 university students who filled out a set of questionnaires. The results indicated that neuroticism and the degree of religiosity predict OBs that are positively associated with guilt and self-punishment both of which predict scrupulosity and other OCSs...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Jacqueline S Laures-Gore, Penelope Leonard Lambert, Ann Cale Kruger, Jennifer Love, Don E Davis
The role of spirituality in post-stroke aphasia recovery has been ignored despite its potential contribution to positive health outcomes, particularly stroke recovery. The present study examines the spiritual experience of adults with aphasia in an effort to better understand the role of one's spirituality in the aphasia recovery process. Thirteen adults with aphasia completed a modified spirituality questionnaire and participated in semi-structured interviews. All participants considered themselves spiritual and reported improvements in communication during post-stroke recovery...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Beata Zarzycka, Pawel Zietek
A number of studies have demonstrated links between spiritual struggles and health problems. As yet, however, only a few studies have investigated what makes religious struggle a source of mental problems or a source of well-being. We determined whether spiritual growth, spiritual decline, and meaning-making mediated the relationship between religious struggle and anxiety and satisfaction with life. Of the 180 respondents, 92 were women, and mean (SD) age was 24 (8.2) years. Each respondent completed the Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale, the Meaning-Making Scale, the Spiritual Transformation Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Feride Taskin Yilmaz, Selma Sabanciogullari, Gulseren Karabey
This study was performed in order to determine the effect of Hajj pilgrimage on treatment compliance in individuals with chronic diseases. A total of 168 individuals were included in the prospective and descriptive study. Data were collected in three interviews using a patient identification form and the Religiousness Inclination Scale. When the medicine compliances of the individuals before and after Hajj pilgrimage were compared, a statistically meaningful difference between their regular uses of medicine statuses was found (p = 0...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Cheryl Ann Green
Prayer is viewed in modern medicine as a complimentary alternative treatment. However, to many patients, it is a source of hope and comfort. Patients, when facing illness, advanced disease, disability or death, can benefit from prayer. For healthcare providers, comfort with praying with patients can be deemed as unprofessional conduct or blurred therapeutic boundaries, particularly, when prayer is offered to patients' unsolicited by the patient or their family member(s). Therefore, it is imperative that healthcare providers await the request of prayer by the patient before prayer is initiated...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Kate H Thomas, Justin T McDaniel, David L Albright, Kari L Fletcher, Harold G Koenig
Suicide rates among military veterans exceed those found in the general population. While the exact reasons for these high rates are unknown, contributing factors may include the military's perceived rejection of patient identities, creating barriers to mental health care within the clinical sector and a mandate for prevention programs. Spiritual fitness has emerged over the last decade as an important concept in human performance optimization and is included among holistic approaches to developing and maintaining mentally fit fighting forces...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Jose Luis Vilchez
Cognition is an efficient but limited system that deals with mundane tasks. Daily life demands the system to save energy in order to be able to solve other more relevant tasks. Reasoning out every single problem would immeasurably increase our mental load and fatigue. Our minds avoid this waste of resources by taking shortcuts when reasoning. Outputs from previous episodes of reasoning turn into pieces of implicit information. These outputs go on to constitute the meanings that we give to things or circumstances, which in turn become the general framework where other reasonings occur...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Zhengjia Ren, Meng Gao, Mark Yang, Wei Qu
After Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals' lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Amy Heath, Lindsay B Carey, Susan Chong
This exploratory study considered the role of informal carers and their decision-making regarding various aged care services that supposedly support their ageing relatives. Consideration was given to the stressors and overall well-being of informal carers and the support services they did or did not receive during their time of caregiving. A questionnaire was utilised to gain exploratory quantitative and qualitative data plus basic demographic information from informal carers who connected with a single caregiver association based in Victoria, Australia...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Safak Daghan, Asli Kalkim, Tulay Sağkal Midilli
The methodological study was aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale (SCCS-T). The research was conducted on final-year Turkish nursing students (n = 297) in the faculties of nursing and health science in two cities in the western part of Turkey. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that three factors accounted for 75.18% of the explained variance. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the SCCS-T was .97. The three-factor model of the SCCS-T was found to be a reliable and valid scale for evaluating spiritual care competencies of Turkish nursing students and nurses...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Christian Gostečnik, Tanja Repič Slavič, Tanja Pate, Robert Cvetek
The mechanism of projective and introjective identification has been re-evaluated in modern analysis. It is no longer just about the transference of mental content to an other, rather it addresses also the deepest psycho-organic sensations and vibrations, which in turn become the basis for interpersonal and family dialogues. The goal of this article is also to lay out the fundamental dynamics of body language as understood by the relational family paradigm. It is a novel analytical perspective on the individual, who is always part of any relational family configuration...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Chagit Peles, Mary Rudolf, Michael Weingarten, Miriam Ethel Bentwich
Promoting healthy lifestyle from early childhood is a key objective in public health, yet health behaviors are often culturally driven, especially in closed-religious communities. This study aims to reveal key cultural-religious aspects of attitudes and behaviors regarding lifestyle in one such closed community-the ultra-orthodox Jewish community. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants: religious leaders, educational figures, psycho-medical professionals from two major ultra-orthodox communities in Israel...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Fon Sim Ong
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress of Malay Muslim breast cancer patients in Malaysia. In addition, the moderating role of education on this relationship was examined. Participants consisted of 145 conveniently selected Malay breast cancer patients. The results indicated that the more spiritual respondents reported a higher level of quality of life and lower level of stress. Moreover, education weakened the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Ali Eryilmaz, Naci Kula
The overall aim of this study was to develop the Islamic Well-Being Scale and examine the relationship between mental health and Islamic well-being. In this study, four sub-studies were performed to create the one-factor Islamic Well-Being Scale, perform a confirmatory factor analysis and validate the Islamic Well-Being Scale, differentially predict ill-being and well-being outcomes using the Islamic Well-Being Scale, and compare individuals with different Islamic belief levels using the Islamic Well-Being Scale...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Jimmie L Slade, Cheryl L Holt, Janice Bowie, Mary Ann Scheirer, Ebony Toussaint, Darlene R Saunders, Alma Savoy, Roxanne L Carter, Sherie Lou Santos
This article describes the process used to engage and recruit African American churches to serve as participants in two multi-year behavioural cancer research interventions from a community perspective. Community-based organizations used purposive sampling in engaging and recruiting advisory panel members and churches to participate in these interventions. Trust, respect, open dialogue with participants, and commitment to address community health needs contributed to successful engagement and recruitment of African American churches to serve as participants in these cancer research projects...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Ali Ali Gobaili Saged, Mohd Yakub Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Faizuri Abdul Latif, Syed Mohammad Hilmi, Waleed Mugahed Al-Rahmi, Ahmed Al-Samman, Norma Alias, Akram M Zeki
This paper studies the effect of Quranic therapy on psychological diseases and spiritual diseases. The experiments have been conducted on a random sample with 121 patients from both genders. The procedures that have been followed were different sessions with the patients, who were given some verses from the Holy Quran to listen within a specific period of time. After that, each patient was given a remedy program. This study aimed to measure the effectiveness and responsiveness of patients to receive treatment through Quran...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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