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Journal of Postgraduate Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695873/powdered-gloves-time-to-bid-adieu
#1
LETTER
R Baid, R Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695872/malignant-orbital-teratoma-in-a-neonate-a-clinicopathological-case-report
#2
M Vs Prakash, R Indira, M Radhakrishnan, G Leela
Teratoma of the orbit is rare; very few cases have been published in literature. A case of orbital teratoma in a neonate is presented where the proptosis was massive enough to obscure the eyeball. Clinically, the diagnosis of teratoma was considered. As there was no possibility of salvaging the eye, exenteration of the orbit was done. Orbital teratomas are generally benign. Histopathological examination revealed the features of malignant teratoma.
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695871/psychiatric-disorders-and-obesity-a-review-of-association-studies
#3
REVIEW
T M Rajan, V Menon
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent evidence exists regarding the strength, direction, and moderators in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study aims to summarize the evidence on the association between psychiatric illness and obesity with particular attention to the strength and direction of association and also the possible moderators in each postulated link. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic electronic searches of MEDLINE through PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were carried out from inception till October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695870/deranged-regulatory-t-cells-and-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-levels-in-type-1-diabetes-patients-with-associated-autoimmune-diseases
#4
N Kaur, R W Minz, S K Bhadada, D Dayal, J Singh, S Anand
AIM: This study was designed to enumerate regulatory T-cells (Tregs) and estimate transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) levels in type 1 diabetic (T1D) patients with respect to disease duration and associated autoimmune diseases. METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients and twenty healthy controls were recruited in the study. The patients were subcategorized into eight categories on the basis of disease duration (new onset [NO] and long standing [LS]) and associated diseases, i...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695869/evaluation-of-the-association-between-a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-of-bone-morphogenetic-proteins-5-gene-and-risk-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
A C Sharma, R N Srivastava, S R Srivastava, A Agrahari, A Singh, D Parmar
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disorder probably affected by both genetic and environmental causes. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are bone-derived factors that can induce new bone formation. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of BMP5 gene alters the transcriptional activity of the BMP5 promoter that has been involved in OA susceptibility. This case-control study investigated the association of rs1470527 and rs9382564 SNP of BMP5 gene with susceptibility to knee OA (KOA)...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695868/major-trauma-what-is-important-for-the-best-outcome-and-survival
#6
T P Valentino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695867/muscle-mass-changes-in-the-critically-ill-patient-the-role-of-imaging
#7
P Kraniotis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695866/writing-a-model-research-paper-a-roadmap
#8
EDITORIAL
M S Tullu, S Karande
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272077/changing-trend-in-bacterial-etiology-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-sepsis-of-intramural-neonates-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#9
M P Roy, M Bhatt, V Maurya, S Arya, R Gaind, H K Chellani
BACKGROUND: Septicemia is an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, organized data on causative organisms and their resistant pattern are scanty from developing countries. The changing trend in causative organisms and their antibiotic resistance is yet to be documented in India. The present study examines the trends in bacterial profile and antibiotic resistance of the organisms causing sepsis in hospitalized neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective laboratory-based analysis of blood cultures obtained from Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi was done for the period of 1999-2014, divided into five phases...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272069/does-prehospital-time-affect-survival-of-major-trauma-patients-where-there-is-no-prehospital-care
#10
S B Dharap, S Kamath, V Kumar
BACKGROUND: Survival after major trauma is considered to be time dependent. Efficient prehospital care with rapid transport is the norm in developed countries, which is not available in many lower middle and low-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of prehospital time and primary treatment given on survival of major trauma patients in a setting without prehospital care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was carried out in a university hospital in Mumbai, from January to December 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272067/prompt-diagnosis-of-scedosporium-apiospermum-soft-tissue-infection-life-saving-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#11
R Ghosh, P Mishra, P K Maiti, A Debnandi
Scedosporium apiospermum, an ubiquitous filamentous fungus, a known cause of mycetoma, is emerging as an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case of painful foot abscess in a renal allograft recipient on immunosuppressive therapy, which was clinically diagnosed as a suppurative bacterial abscess. Pus was aspirated, which showed septate, branching hyphal elements and culture on Sabouraud's dextrose agar yielded S. apiospermum, which was identified based on its macroscopic and microscopic features...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272066/unusual-presentation-of-chondroblastoma-mimicking-trevor-s-disease
#12
Y Karkhur, A Tiwari, T Verma, L Maini
Chondroblastoma is a benign bone tumor, represents 1%-2% of all primary bone tumors, typically seen in patients 10-25-year-old and more common in males. It occurs most frequently in the distal femur, proximal tibia, and proximal humerus. Soft tissue extension is extremely rare. Adjacent joints may develop effusions, but the tumor mass protruding into the joint has never been seen in case of chondroblastoma. We report a rare case of intra-articular chondroblastoma arising from proximal tibia in a 16-year-old boy and growing into the knee joint mimicking an intra-articular osteochondroma...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272065/erythrophagocytosis-by-blasts-in-a-case-of-de-novo-acute-monoblastic-leukemia-with-rare-but-characteristic-t-8-16
#13
A Gupta, G K Reddy, M Goyal, M R Kasaragadda
Erythrophagocytosis by leukemic blasts is a rare phenomenon. We report a case of a female diagnosed with acute monoblastic leukemia with leukemic blasts that were CD34 and CD117 negative, showing erythrophagocytosis, vacoulations, and a rare t(8;16) on bone marrow karyotype which is associated with a poor prognosis despite intensive chemotherapy. Meticulous bone marrow examination in such a scenario may point towards the presence of t(8;16) and help clinicians take a well-informed clinical decision.
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272064/inter-and-intra-observer-variability-of-ultrasonographic-arm-muscle-thickness-measurement-by-critical-care-physicians
#14
V Hadda, R Kumar, A Dhungana, M A Khan, K Madan, G C Khilnani
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess inter- and intra-observer variability of arm muscle thickness measured by critical care physicians using bedside ultrasonography (USG). METHODOLOGY: This prospective study included twenty patients admitted with sepsis. Three measurements of thickness of right arm muscles of each patient using B-mode USG were taken by two critical care fellows, independently. Intra- and inter-observer reliability was tested using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272062/pulmonary-miliary-papillary-micropapillary-adenocarcinoma-manifesting-as-carcinomatous-encephalitis
#15
P Vaideeswar, S S Nayak, A Verma, N A Goel
The histological pattern and the associated molecular aberrations have an important bearing in the prognosis of pulmonary adenocarcinomas. Papillary and micropapillary growth patterns with mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma kinase rearrangements have an aggressive clinical course. We report one such cancer in a 49-year-old woman, where it assumed a miliary pattern in the lungs, and the patient presented with neurological symptoms related to carcinomatous encephalitis, an infrequent metastatic manifestation...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397743/reply-to-letter-to-editor-regarding-the-article-polyarteritis-nodosa-presenting-as-peripheral-vascular-disease-and-acute-limb-ischemia
#16
LETTER
A Shukla, A Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397742/polyarteritis-nodosa-presenting-as-peripheral-vascular-disease-and-acute-limb-ischemia
#17
LETTER
S Chauhan, A Chauhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397741/developing-professionalism-in-postgraduate-doctors-beyond-workshops
#18
LETTER
S P Dearman, A B Joiner, A Swann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397740/-drug-use-without-indication-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients
#19
LETTER
N Haider, F Mazhar, M Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397739/native-valve-endocarditis-caused-by-kocuria-rosea-complicated-by-peripheral-mycotic-aneurysm-in-an-elderly-host
#20
P Gunaseelan, G Suresh, V Raghavan, S Varadarajan
Infective endocarditis still remains a dreaded illness among treating physicians because of the disease course, its need for meticulous antibiotic management, complications, and overall morbidity. Peripheral mycotic aneurysms are a rarely reported complication of infective endocarditis. Mycotic aneurysms occur in about 5%-10% of cases of infective endocarditis, and most of them involve the intracranial vessels. Here, we report a case of native valve endocarditis in a 74-year-old man caused by Kocuria rosea...
April 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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