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Journal of Personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#1
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732126/chinese-isms-dimensions-in-mainland-china-and-taiwan-convergence-and-extension-of-american-isms-dimensions
#2
Zhuo Job Chen, Kung-Yu Hsu, Xinyue Zhou, Gerard Saucier
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies of American-English isms terms have uncovered as many as five broad factors: Tradition-oriented Religiousness (TR), Subjective Spirituality (SS), Communal Rationalism (CR), Unmitigated Self-Interest (USI), and Inequality Aversion (IA). The present studies took a similar lexical approach to investigate the Chinese-language isms structures in both mainland China and Taiwan. METHOD AND RESULTS: In Study 1, exploratory factor analyses with 915 mainland Chinese subjects uncovered four interpretable factors dimensionalizing 165 mainland Chinese dictionary isms terms...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732104/reciprocal-feedback-between-self-concept-and-goal-pursuit-in-daily-life
#3
Alexander E Wong, Robin R Vallacher
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that self-knowledge and goal-perseverance are mutually reinforcing because of the roles of self-knowledge in directing goal pursuit, and of goal pursuit in structuring the self-concept. METHOD: To test this hypothesis, we used a daily diary design with 97 college-aged participants for 40 days to assess whether daily self-concept clarity and grit predict one another's next day levels. Data were analyzed using multilevel cross-lagged panel modeling...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646503/personality-change-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-a-cross-cultural-longitudinal-study
#4
William J Chopik, Shinobu Kitayama
OBJECTIVE: Personality traits are characterized by both stability and change across the lifespan. Many of the mechanisms hypothesized to cause personality change (e.g., the timing of various social roles, physical health, and cultural values) differ considerably across culture. Moreover, personality consistency is valued highly in Western societies, but less so in non-Western societies. Few studies have examined how personality changes differently across cultures. METHOD: We employed a multi-level modeling approach to examine age-related changes in Big Five personality traits in two large panel studies of Americans (n = 6,259; Mage = 46...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646496/unmet-belongingness-needs-but-not-high-belongingness-needs-alone-predict-adverse-well-being-a-response-surface-modeling-approach
#5
Maaike Verhagen, Gerine M A Lodder, Roy F Baumeister
OBJECTIVE: Previous work has linked high levels of belongingness needs to low well-being, suggesting that high desire for social connection causes problems. Against that view, we hypothesized that problems stem especially from unmet belongingness needs. To examine this, discrepancies between belongingness needs and relationship satisfaction were measured. METHOD: 1,342 adolescents (Mage = 13.94 years, 48.6% boys) completed questionnaires about belongingness needs, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, depressive symptoms and self-esteem...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555752/self-esteem-development-in-the-school-context-the-roles-of-intrapersonal-and-interpersonal-social-predictors
#6
Jenny Wagner, Oliver Lüdtke, Alexander Robitzsch, Richard Göllner, Ulrich Trautwein
OBJECTIVE: When considering that social inclusion is a basic human need, it makes sense that self-esteem is fueled by social feedback and the sense of being liked by others. This is particularly true with respect to early adolescence, when peers become increasingly important. In the current paper, we tested which components of social inclusion are particularly beneficial for the development of self-esteem by differentiating between intrapersonal components (i.e., self-perceptions of social inclusion) and interpersonal components (i...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545162/the-almost-unbearable-lightness-of-personality
#7
Jüri Allik
Researchers seem to believe that accepting the reality of personality traits inevitably leads to a dogma about the incredible complexity of these traits and their judgment. This paper challenges this thesis and its assertion that the accuracy of personality judgment can only be achieved when a "good target" or a "good trait" is being judged using "good information," and when a "good judge" makes the judgment. It is argued that because trait dimensions are universally applicable to all persons there is no stable ranking of good targets...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542910/personal-control-decreases-narcissistic-but-increases-non-narcissistic-in-group-positivity
#8
Aleksandra Cichocka, Agnieszka Golec de Zavala, Marta Marchlewska, Michał Bilewicz, Manana Jaworska, Mateusz Olechowski
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of control motivation on in-group positivity. Past research suggests that people compensate for low personal control by increasing support for social in-groups. We predicted that the effect of personal control on in-group positivity would depend on the type of in-group positivity. Low personal control should increase compensatory, narcissistic in-group positivity, while high personal control should increase secure, non-narcissistic in-group positivity...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509415/ratings-of-affective-and-interpersonal-tendencies-differ-for-grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-a-replication-and-extension-of-gore-widiger
#9
Courtland S Hyatt, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Thomas A Widiger, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptions of narcissism have long been characterized by two seemingly opposing poles: grandiosity and vulnerability. The goal of the current study was to investigate the extent to which traits associated with one profile are perceived to co-occur with the other within an individual. METHOD: Lay raters (n = 862; 56% female; 80% Caucasian; mean age = 37) recruited from Amazon's MTurk and assigned to one of four conditions in which they rated how often a series of narcissistic traits were displayed by a prototypical grandiose narcissist, vulnerable narcissist, a close friend, or themselves...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509389/a-revised-sociogenomic-model-of-personality-traits
#10
Brent W Roberts
In this paper, I seek to update the sociogenomic model of personality traits (Roberts & Jackson, 2008). Specifically, I seek to outline a broader and more comprehensive theoretical perspective on personality traits than offered in the original version of the sociogenomic model of personality traits. First, I review the major points of our 2008 paper. Second, I update our earlier model mostly with insights derived from a deeper reading of evolutionary theoretical systems, such as those found in life-history theory and ecological-evolutionary-developmental biology...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509384/individual-differences-in-personality-change-across-the-adult-lifespan
#11
Ted Schwaba, Wiebke Bleidorn
OBJECTIVE: A precise and comprehensive description of personality continuity and change across the lifespan is the bedrock upon which theories of personality development are built. Little research has quantified the degree to which individuals deviate from mean-level developmental trends. In this study, we addressed this gap by examining individual differences in personality trait change across the life span. METHOD: Data came from a nationally representative sample of 9,636 Dutch participants who provided Big Five self-reports at five assessment waves across 7 years...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509383/arab-levantine-personality-structure-a-psycholexical-study-of-modern-standard-arabic-in-lebanon-syria-jordan-and-the-west-bank
#12
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
OBJECTIVE: The debate of whether personality traits are universal or culture-specific has been informed by psycholexical (or lexical) studies conducted in tens of languages and cultures. We contribute to this debate through a series of studies in which we investigated personality descriptors in Modern Standard Arabic, the variety of Arabic that is presumably common to about 26 countries and native to more than 200 million people. METHOD: We identified an appropriate source of personality descriptors, extracted them, and systematically reduced them to 167 personality traits that are common, are not redundant with each other, and are familiar and commonly understood in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509366/on-the-quality-of-adjustment-to-retirement-the-longitudinal-role-of-personality-traits-and-generativity
#13
Rodrigo Serrat, Feliciano Villar, Michael W Pratt, Arthur A Stukas
OBJECTIVE: Although psychological factors have been explored in relation to other life transitions, their influence on retirement adjustment quality has been largely overlooked. This study assessed the contribution of personality traits and generativity before retirement in the prediction of hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing at two temporal points after retirement. METHOD: This article analyses data from the MIDUS (Midlife in the United States) longitudinal sample...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480971/too-much-of-a-good-thing-exploring-the-inverted-u-relationship-between-self-control-and-happiness
#14
Christopher W Wiese, Louis Tay, Angela L Duckworth, Sidney D'Mello, Lauren Kuykendall, Wilhelm Hofmann, Roy F Baumeister, Kathleen D Vohs
OBJECTIVE: Can having too much self-control make people unhappy? Researchers have increasingly questioned the unilateral goodness of self-control and proposed that it is beneficial only up to a certain point, after which it becomes detrimental. The little empirical research on the issue shows mixed results. Hence, we tested whether a curvilinear relationship between self-control and subjective well-being exists. METHOD: We used multiple metrics (questionnaires, behavioral ratings), sources (self-report, other-report), and methods (cross-sectional measurement, dayreconstruction method, experience sampling method) across six studies (Ntotal  = 5,318)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197979/combining-stress-exposure-and-stress-generation-does-neuroticism-alter-the-dynamic-interplay-of-stress-depression-and-anxiety-following-job-loss
#15
George W Howe, Maria Cimporescu, Ryan Seltzer, Jenae M Neiderhiser, Francisco Moreno, Karen Weihs
OBJECTIVE: Emerging models of stress point to a dynamic formulation where stressors and internalizing symptoms reciprocally influence each other. This study tested whether this dynamic interplay is the result of a general internalizing process underlying both depression and anxiety, and whether it varies with neuroticism. METHOD: A total of 426 adults (51% female; 47% White, 42% African American) were assessed five times over 6 months following loss of employment, using repeated measurements of stressors, depression, anxiety, and neuroticism...
August 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808279/personality-traits-predict-the-developmental-course-of-externalizing-a-four-wave-longitudinal-study-spanning-age-17-to-age-29
#16
Kate E Walton, Robert F Krueger, Irene Elkins, Cassandra D'Accordo, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
The objective of the present study was to determine whether and how personality predicts the developmental course of externalizing problems, including antisocial behavior and substance dependence. In a large, population-based longitudinal study (N = 1,252), the 11 personality traits assessed by the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire were measured at age 17, and DSM diagnoses of adult antisocial behavior, alcohol dependence, and drug dependence were obtained at ages 17, 20, 24, and 29. We fit a quadratic multiple indicator latent growth model where the three diagnoses loaded onto an externalizing factor...
June 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423186/the-dynamics-of-searching-for-meaning-and-presence-of-meaning-in-daily-life
#17
David B Newman, John B Nezlek, Todd M Thrash
OBJECTIVE: Research on searching for meaning in life has focused on trait-level relationships rather than within-person relationships. Our goal was to examine within-person relationships between daily states of searching for meaning in life, daily states of presence of meaning in life, and daily states of well-being. METHOD: To advance our understanding of searching for meaning in life, we conducted a daily diary study with two samples in which 254 undergraduate students (Mage  = 18...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390137/trait-and-perceived-environmental-competitiveness-in-achievement-situations
#18
Andrew J Elliot, Mickael Jury, Kou Murayama
OBJECTIVE: Trait and perceived environmental competitiveness are typically studied separately, but they undoubtedly have a joint influence on goal pursuit and behavior in achievement situations. The present research was designed to study them together. We tested the relation between trait and perceived environmental competitiveness, and tested these variables as separate and sequential predictors of both performance-based goals and performance attainment. METHODS: In Studies 1a (n=387) and 1b (n=322), we assessed participants' trait and perceived environmental competitiveness, as well as third variable candidates...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388840/the-benefit-of-punishment-sensitivity-on-motor-performance-under-pressure
#19
Harry Manley, Stuart Beattie, Ross Roberts, Gavin P Lawrence, Lew Hardy
OBJECTIVE: Humans are often required to perform demanding cognitive and motor tasks under pressure. However, in such environments there is considerable inter-individual variability in the ability to successfully execute actions. Here, we consider how individual differences in self-reported sensitivity to punishment influence skilled motor performance under pressure and whether this relationship is moderated by the temporal detection of threat. METHOD: Across two studies, one hundred and sixty UK participants (Study 1, n = 80, MAge = 21...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388833/cognitive-adaptive-trait-theory-a-shift-in-perspective-on-personality
#20
Gerald Matthews
Traditional, biologically based trait theories have deservedly gained broad acceptances, but some longstanding core issues of personality research remain unresolved. Recent research questions whether (1) there can be a single universal structural model of personality superfactors, (2) current theory adequately specifies the processes that mediate behavioral and emotional expressions of traits, and (3) brain-based accounts of traits adequately explain their role in real-world functioning and adaptation. This article reviews the perspective on these issues provided by cognitive-adaptive trait theory...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
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