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Jornal de Pediatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932225/hospitalizations-of-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-in-the-state-of-minas-gerais
#1
Ana Paula P C Fernandes, Fernanda A Avendanha, Marcos B Viana
OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize hospital admissions and readmissions in the Brazilian Unified Public Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde [SUS]) in children with sickle-cell disease diagnosed by the Minas Gerais Newborn Screening Program between 1999 and 2012. METHODS: Hospital Admission Authorizations with the D57 (ICD-10) code in the fields of primary or secondary diagnosis were retrieved from the SUS Databank (1999-2012). There were 2991 hospitalizations for 969 children...
December 5, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916571/impact-and-seasonality-of-human-rhinovirus-infection-in-hospitalized-patients-for-two-consecutive-years
#2
Jaqueline Leotte, Hygor Trombetta, Heloisa Z Faggion, Bernardo M Almeida, Meri B Nogueira, Luine R Vidal, Sonia M Raboni
OBJECTIVES: To report epidemiological features, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of human rhinovirus (HRV) infections in comparison with other community acquired respiratory virus (CRV) infections in patients hospitalized for two consecutive years. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory data of patients hospitalized with acute respiratory syndrome in a tertiary care hospital from 2012 to 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: HRV was the most common CRV observed (36%, 162/444) and was present in the majority of viral co-detections (69%, 88/128), mainly in association with human enterovirus (45%)...
December 1, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889321/rapid-antigen-detection-test-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-diagnosis-as-a-diagnostic-tool
#3
Flávio da Silva Mesquita, Danielle Bruna Leal de Oliveira, Daniela Crema, Célia Miranda Nunes Pinez, Thaís Cristina Colmanetti, Luciano Matsumia Thomazelli, Alfredo Elias Gilio, Sandra Elisabeth Vieira, Marina Baquião Martinez, Viviane Fongaro Botosso, Edison Luiz Durigon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the QuickVue(®) RSV Test Kit (QUIDEL Corp, CA, USA) as a screening tool for respiratory syncytial virus in children with acute respiratory disease in comparison with the indirect immunofluorescence assay as gold standard. In Brazil, rapid antigen detection tests for respiratory syncytial virus are not routinely utilized as a diagnostic tool, except for the diagnosis of dengue and influenza. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 486 nasopharyngeal aspirate samples from children under age 5 with acute respiratory infection, between December 2013 and August 2014, the samples were analyzed by IFI and QuickVue(®) RSV Test kit...
November 24, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888665/bronchiolitis-and-asthma-the-next-step
#4
Louis Bont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886806/psychopathology-quality-of-life-and-related-factors-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#5
Eylem Sevinç, Fatih Hilmi Çetin, Banu Demet Coşkun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to survey children with celiac disease (CD) for psychiatric disorders, determine the possible factors that predict psychopathology, and analyze health-related quality of life and possible factors that could affect the quality of life. METHODS: In this study, all children completed the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children - Present and Lifetime Version - Turkish Version (K-SADS-PL-T), as well as the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) for the 8-12 age group, and a sentence completion test...
November 23, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886807/a-method-for-the-assessment-of-facial-hedonic-reactions-in-newborns
#6
Caroline Ayres, Charles F Ferreira, Juliana R Bernardi, Thiago B Marcelino, Vânia N Hirakata, Clécio H da Silva, Marcelo Z Goldani
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a quantitative and qualitative methodology to assess hedonic responses to sweet stimulus in healthy newborns. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study, with healthy newborns (up to 24h of life), between 37 and 42 gestational weeks, vaginally born and breastfed previously to all tests. The evaluation of the newborns reactions was performed by hedonic facial expression analysis, characterized by facial expressions with rhythmic serial tongue protrusion after neutral or sweet solution intake...
November 22, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886805/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-smoking-among-adolescents
#7
Marilyn Urrutia-Pereira, Vinicius J Oliano, Carolina S Aranda, Javier Mallol, Dirceu Solé
OBJECTIVE: Despite anti-smoking prevention programs, many adolescents start smoking at school age. The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with smoking in adolescents living in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in adolescents (12-19 years), enrolled in municipal schools, who answered a self-administered questionnaire on smoking. RESULTS: 798 adolescents were enrolled in the study, with equal distribution between genders...
November 22, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875703/prevalence-and-characterization-of-neonatal-skin-disorders-in-the-first-72h-of-life
#8
Flávia Pereira Reginatto, Damie DeVilla, Fernanda M Muller, Juliano Peruzzo, Letícia P Peres, Raquel B Steglich, Tania F Cestari
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neonatal dermatological findings and analyze whether there is an association between these findings and neonatal and pregnancy characteristics and seasonality. METHODS: Newborns from three maternity hospitals in a Brazilian capital city were randomly selected to undergo dermatological assessment by dermatologists. RESULTS: 2938 neonates aged up to three days of life were randomly selected, of whom 309 were excluded due to Intensive Care Unit admission...
November 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842212/urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-community-acquired-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-bacteria-in-infants
#9
Yun Hee Kim, Eun Mi Yang, Chan Jong Kim
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by resistant strains of bacteria is increasingly prevalent in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for UTI caused by community-acquired extended-spectrum β-lactamase (CA-ESBL)-producing bacteria in infants. METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed over 5 years in a single Korean center. Hospitalized infants with febrile UTI were enrolled and divided into two groups (CA-ESBL vs...
November 11, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837654/autism-in-2016-the-need-for-answers
#10
Annio Posar, Paola Visconti
OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorders are lifelong and often devastating conditions that severely affect social functioning and self-sufficiency. The etiopathogenesis is presumably multifactorial, resulting from a very complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The dramatic increase in autism spectrum disorder prevalence observed during the last decades has led to placing more emphasis on the role of environmental factors in the etiopathogenesis. The objective of this narrative biomedical review was to summarize and discuss the results of the most recent and relevant studies about the environmental factors hypothetically involved in autism spectrum disorder etiopathogenesis...
November 9, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821253/bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#11
Ghada Mohamed El-Mashad, Mahmoud Ahmed El-Hawy, Sally Mohamed El-Hefnawy, Sanaa Mansour Mohamed
OBJECTIVES: To assess bone mineral density (BMD) in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) and normal glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHODS: Cross-sectional case-control study carried out on 50 children: 25 cases of NS (16 steroid-sensitive [SSNS] and nine steroid-resistant [SRNS] under follow up in the pediatric nephrology unit of Menoufia University Hospital, which is tertiary care center, were compared to 25 healthy controls with matched age and sex...
November 5, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821252/current-knowledge-of-environmental-exposure-in-children-during-the-sensitive-developmental-periods
#12
Norma Helena Perlroth, Christina Wyss Castelo Branco
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the scientific evidence on the risks and effects of exposure to environmental contaminants in children during sensitive developmental periods. DATA SOURCE: The search was performed in the Bireme database, using the terms: children's health, environmental exposure, health vulnerability, toxicity pathways and developmental disabilities in the LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO systems. DATA SYNTHESIS: Children differ from adults in their unique physiological and behavioral characteristics and the potential exposure to risks caused by several threats in the environment...
November 4, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821251/effects-of-a-psychological-intervention-on-the-quality-of-life-of-obese-adolescents-under-a-multidisciplinary-treatment
#13
Camila R M Freitas, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Yara L Fidelix, Thiago R S Tenório, Mara C Lofrano-Prado, James O Hill, Wagner L Prado
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of multidisciplinary treatment with and without psychological counseling on obese adolescents' self-reported quality of life. METHODS: Seventy-six obese adolescents (15.87±1.53 y) were allocated into psychological counseling group (PCG; n=36) or control group (CG; n=40) for 12 weeks. All participants received the same supervised exercise training, nutritional and clinical counseling. Participants in PCG also received psychological counseling...
November 4, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816509/breastfeeding-in-brazil-major-progress-but-still-a-long-way-to-go
#14
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816508/moderately-and-late-preterms-have-problem-recognizing-faces-after-birth
#15
Marco Bartocci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770619/coenzyme-q10-and-pro-inflammatory-markers-in-children-with-down-syndrome-clinical-and-biochemical-aspects
#16
Moushira E Zaki, Hala T El-Bassyouni, Angie M S Tosson, Eman Youness, Jihan Hussein
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of oxidative stress was reported in individuals with Down syndrome. There is a growing interest in the contribution of the immune system in Down syndrome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and selected pro-inflammatory markers such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Eighty-six children (5-8 years of age) were enrolled in this case-control study from two public institutions...
October 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770618/diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#17
Clarice L S Lopes, Paula Pitta Pinheiro, Luzia S Barberena, Guilherme U Eckert
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children aged 0-14 years diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis and compare the following outcomes between children with prior diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and children without prior diagnosis of DM1: length of hospital stay, severity on admission, insulin dosage, time of continuous insulin use, volume of fluids infused during treatment, and complications. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study with review of medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of a referral hospital from June 2013 to July 2015...
October 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746155/sepsis-associated-acute-kidney-injury-is-it-possible-to-move-the-needle-against-this-syndrome
#18
Rajit K Basu, Prasad Devarajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686587/risk-of-recurrence-after-a-first-unprovoked-seizure-in-children
#19
Catarina Maia, Ana Raquel Moreira, Tânia Lopes, Cecília Martins
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the first episode of unprovoked epileptic seizure in children and assess recurrence risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study, based on the analysis of medical records of patients admitted between 2003 and 2014, with first epileptic seizure, at the pediatric service of a secondary hospital. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program. RESULTS: Of the 103 patients, 52...
October 7, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686588/influence-of-the-informal-primary-caretaker-on-glycemic-control-among-prepubertal-pediatric-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Jessie Nallely Zurita-Cruz, Elisa Nishimura-Meguro, Miguel Angel Villasís-Keever, Maria Elena Hernández-Méndez, Eulalia Garrido-Magaña, Aleida De Jesús Rivera-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: In prepubertal type 1 diabetic patients (DM1), the availability of an informal primary caregiver (ICP) is critical to making management decisions; in this study, the ICP-related risk factors associated with glycemic control were identified. PATIENTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was performed. Fifty-five patients with DM1 under the age of 11 years were included. The patient-related factors associated with glycemic control evaluated were physical activity, DM1 time of evolution, and adherence to medical indications...
October 4, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
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