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Jornal de Pediatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734690/salivary-c-reactive-protein-mean-platelet-volume-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-as-diagnostic-markers-for-neonatal-sepsis
#1
Ahmed Omran, Abdallah Maaroof, Mai H Saleh, Amina Abdelwahab
OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of salivary C-reactive protein (CRP), mean platelet volume (MPV), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. METHODS: Prospective case-control study of 70 full-term neonates, 35 with sepsis (20 with proven sepsis and 15 with clinical sepsis) and 35 healthy controls. Serum and salivary CRP concentrations were measured by ELISA while MPV, NLR, and PLR were measured by automated blood cell counter...
July 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734689/influence-of-maternity-leave-on-exclusive-breastfeeding
#2
Fernanda R Monteiro, Gabriela Dos S Buccini, Sônia I Venâncio, Teresa H M da Costa
OBJECTIVES: To describe the profile of women with children aged under 4 months living in the Brazilian state capitals and in the Federal District according to their working status and to analyze the influence of maternity leave on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among working women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with data extracted from the II National Maternal Breastfeeding Prevalence Survey carried out in 2008. Initially, a descriptive analysis of the profile of 12,794 women was performed, according to their working status and maternity leave and the frequency of maternity leave in the Brazilian regions and capitals...
July 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719800/variants-in-the-il-8-gene-and-the-response-to-inhaled-bronchodilators-in-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Larissa Lazzarini Furlan, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Carmen Sílvia Bertuzzo, João Batista Salomão Junior, Dorotéia Rossi Silva Souza, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson
OBJECTIVE: IL-8 (interleukin 8) protein promotes inflammatory responses, even in airways. The presence of IL-8 gene variants causes altered inflammatory responses and possibly varied responses to inhaled bronchodilators (BD). Thus, this study analyzed the IL-8 variants (rs4073, rs2227306, and rs2227307) and their association with the response to BD in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS: Analysis of IL-8 gene variants was performed by RFLP-PCR. The association between spirometry markers and the response to BD was evaluated by Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests...
July 15, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711457/comparison-of-the-finger-feeding-versus-cup-feeding-methods-in-the-transition-from-gastric-to-oral-feeding-in-preterm-infants
#4
Cláudia M D Moreira, Regina P G V Cavalcante-Silva, Cristina I Fujinaga, Francine Marson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the finger-feeding technique when compared with the cup feeding method during the early stage of preterm infant feeding transition regarding milk loss, milk ingestion period, and complications. METHODS: Experimental, randomized, prospective study including 53 preterm infants with gestation age<37 weeks, clinically stable, and with a score of >28 points in the Oral Feeding Readiness Assessment Scale. The preterm babies were randomized to be included in the control group, which underwent the feeding transition using a cup or in the experimental group, which used the finger-feeding technique...
July 13, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668258/infection-by-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-children-with-or-without-radiologically-confirmed-pneumonia
#5
Dafne C Andrade, Igor C Borges, Ana Luísa Vilas-Boas, Maria S H Fontoura, César A Araújo-Neto, Sandra C Andrade, Rosa V Brim, Andreas Meinke, Aldina Barral, Olli Ruuskanen, Helena Käyhty, Cristiana M Nascimento-Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an important cause of morbidity in childhood, but the detection of its causative agent remains a diagnostic challenge. The authors aimed to evaluate the role of the chest radiograph to identify cases of CAP caused by typical bacteria. METHODS: The frequency of infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis was compared in non-hospitalized children with clinical diagnosis of CAP aged 2-59 months with or without radiological confirmation (n=249 and 366, respectively)...
June 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628759/do-infants-with-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-have-inadequate-levels-of-vitamin-d
#6
Cristiane M Silva, Silvia A da Silva, Margarida M de C Antunes, Gisélia Alves Pontes da Silva, Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, Kátia G Brandt
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether infants with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) have inadequate vitamin D levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 120 children aged 2 years or younger, one group with CMPA and a control group. The children were recruited at the pediatric gastroenterology, allergology, and pediatric outpatient clinics of a university hospital in the Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was administered to the caregiver and blood samples were collected for vitamin D quantification...
June 16, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602687/maternal-immunity-a-way-to-confer-protection-against-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#7
Alfredo G Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579354/factors-related-to-the-association-of-social-anxiety-disorder-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Elisabeth Lima Dias da Cruz, Priscila Diniz de Carvalho Martins, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors related to the association between social anxiety disorder and alcohol use in adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: The PICO research strategy was used to perform a systematic review in Medline, LILACS, Pubmed, IBECS and Cochrane Library databases. DeCS/MeSH: Phobic Disorders, Adolescent, Behavior, Ethanol, Risk Factors, and the Boolean operator "AND" were used. Inclusion criteria were: cross-sectional, prospective/retrospective cohort, and case-control studies, carried out in adolescents (10-19 years), original articles on social anxiety disorder and alcohol use published between 2010 and 2015...
June 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572019/socioeconomic-inequality-in-preterm-birth-in-four-brazilian-birth-cohort-studies
#9
Ana Daniela Izoton de Sadovsky, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Angelica Espinosa Miranda, Mariangela Freitas Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze economic inequality (absolute and relative) due to family income in relation to the occurrence of preterm births in Southern Brazil. METHODS: Four birth cohort studies were conducted in the years 1982, 1993, 2004, and 2011. The main exposure was monthly family income and the primary outcome was preterm birth. The inequalities were calculated using the slope index of inequality and the relative index of inequality, adjusted for maternal skin color, education, age, and marital status...
May 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572018/performance-of-different-diagnostic-criteria-of-overweight-and-obesity-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents
#10
Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Dartagnan Pinto Guedes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the performance of three different diagnostic criteria of overweight and obesity (WHO, IOTF and Conde and Monteiro) using body mass index (BMI) as predictors of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a representative sample of adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 1035 adolescents aged 12-20 years (565 girls and 470 boys) was used in the study. BMI was calculated through the quotient of weight (kg)/height squared (m)(2), and MetS was defined according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
May 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572017/age-at-introduction-of-ultra-processed-food-among-preschool-children-attending-day-care-centers
#11
Giovana Longo-Silva, Jonas Augusto C Silveira, Rísia Cristina Egito de Menezes, Maysa Helena de Aguiar Toloni
OBJECTIVE: To identify the age of introduction of ultra-processed food and its associated factors among preschool children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out from March to June 2014 with 359 preschool children aged 17 to 63 months attending day-care centers. Time until ultra-processed food introduction (outcome variable) was described by the Kaplan-Meier analysis, and the log-rank test was used to compare the survival functions of independent variables...
May 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549741/association-between-weather-seasonality-and-blood-parameters-in-riverine-populations-of-the-brazilian-amazon
#12
Poliany C O Rodrigues, Eliane Ignotti, Sandra S Hacon
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the seasonality of blood parameters related to iron homeostasis, inflammation, and allergy in two riverine populations from the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 120 children and adolescents of school age, living in riverine communities of Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil, describing the hematocrit, hemoglobin, ferritin, serum iron, total white blood cell count, lymphocytes, eosinophils, C-reactive protein, and immunoglobulin E levels in the dry and rainy seasons...
May 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549740/skinfold-reference-curves-and-their-use-in-predicting-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-children
#13
Alynne C R Andaki, Teresa M B de Quadros, Alex P Gordia, Jorge Mota, Adelson L A Tinôco, Edmar L Mendes
OBJECTIVES: To draw skinfold (SF) reference curves (subscapular, suprailiac, biceps, triceps) and to determine SF cutoff points for predicting the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children aged 6-10 years old. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 1480 children aged 6-10 years old, 52.2% females, from public and private schools located in the urban and rural areas of the municipality of Uberaba (MG). Anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood samples were taken at school, following specific protocols...
May 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506666/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#14
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Victor Matsudo, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with body mass index (BMI) in children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: The study is part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE). Body composition was determined using the bipolar bioimpedance technique. The mean BMI value was categorized as recommended by the World Health Organization. For seven consecutive days, participants used an accelerometer to objectively monitor sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate to vigorous physical activity...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506665/motor-development-of-preterm-infants-assessed-by-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-systematic-review-article
#15
REVIEW
Rubia do N Fuentefria, Rita C Silveira, Renato S Procianoy
OBJECTIVE: Premature newborns are considered at risk for motor development deficits, leading to the need for monitoring in early life. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature about gross motor development of preterm infants, assessed by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) to identify the main outcomes in development. DATA SOURCE: Systematic review of studies published from 2006 to 2015, indexed in Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs, and Medline databases in English and Portuguese...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506664/heliox-delivered-by-high-flow-nasal-cannula-improves-oxygenation-in-infants-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-acute-bronchiolitis
#16
Wael Seliem, Amira M Sultan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the hypothesis that use of heliox would result in improvement of gas exchange when used with high flow nasal cannula in infants with RSV acute bronchiolitis. METHODS: All patients that met the inclusion criteria were randomized to either heliox (70:30) or air-oxygen mixture 30% via high flow nasal cannula at 8L/min for a continuous 24h. Measurements were taken at baseline, after 2h, and at the end of the 24h...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457948/analysis-of-contextual-variables-in-the-evaluation-of-child-abuse-in-the-pediatric-emergency-setting
#17
Ana Nunes de Almeida, Vasco Ramos, Helena Nunes de Almeida, Carlos Gil Escobar, Catarina Garcia
OBJECTIVE: This article comprises a sample of abuse modalities observed in a pediatric emergency room of a public hospital in the Lisbon metropolitan area and a multifactorial characterization of physical and sexual violence. The objectives are: (1) to discuss the importance of social and family variables in the configuration of both types of violence; (2) to show how physical and sexual violence have subtypes and internal diversity. METHODS: A statistical analysis was carried out in a database (1063 records of child abuse between 2004 and 2013)...
April 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238682/association-between-dietary-pattern-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Naruna Pereira Rocha, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Giana Zarbato Longo, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary patterns and cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. DATA SOURCE: This article followed the recommendations of PRISMA, which aims to guide review publications in the health area. The article search strategy included searches in the electronic databases MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, and LILACS. There was no date limitation for publications. The descriptors were used in English according to MeSH and in Portuguese according to DeCS...
May 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126563/cardiac-dysfunction-and-ferritin-as-early-markers-of-severity-in-pediatric-sepsis
#19
Cristian T Tonial, Pedro Celiny R Garcia, Louise Cardoso Schweitzer, Caroline A D Costa, Francisco Bruno, Humberto H Fiori, Paulo R Einloft, Ricardo Branco Garcia, Jefferson Pedro Piva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the association of echocardiogram, ferritin, C-reactive protein, and leukocyte count with unfavorable outcomes in pediatric sepsis. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out from March to December 2014, with pediatric critical care patients aged between 28 days and 18 years. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of sepsis, need for mechanical ventilation for more than 48h, and vasoactive drugs. Serum levels of C-reactive protein, ferritin, and leukocyte count were collected on the first day (D0), 24h (D1), and 72h (D3) after recruitment...
May 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108215/tobacco-smoke-it-is-time-for-pediatricians-to-feel-directly-concerned
#20
Luis Garcia-Marcos, Manuel Sanchez-Solis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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