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Jornal de Pediatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506666/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#1
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Victor Matsudo, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with body mass index (BMI) in children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: The study is part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE). Body composition was determined using the bipolar bioimpedance technique. The mean BMI value was categorized as recommended by the World Health Organization. For seven consecutive days, participants used an accelerometer to objectively monitor sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate to vigorous physical activity...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506665/motor-development-of-preterm-infants-assessed-by-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-systematic-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Rubia do N Fuentefria, Rita de Cássia Silveira, Renato S Procianoy
OBJECTIVE: Premature newborns are considered at risk for motor development deficits, leading to the need for monitoring in early life. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature about gross motor development of preterm infants, assessed by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) to identify the main outcomes in development. DATA SOURCE: Systematic review of studies published from 2006 to 2015, indexed in Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs, and Medline databases in English and Portuguese...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506664/heliox-delivered-by-high-flow-nasal-cannula-improves-oxygenation-in-infants-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-acute-bronchiolitis
#3
Wael Seliem, Amira M Sultan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the hypothesis that use of heliox would result in improvement of gas exchange when used with high flow nasal cannula in infants with RSV acute bronchiolitis. METHODS: All patients that met the inclusion criteria were randomized to either heliox (70:30) or air-oxygen mixture 30% via high flow nasal cannula at 8L/min for a continuous 24h. Measurements were taken at baseline, after 2h, and at the end of the 24h...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457948/analysis-of-contextual-variables-in-the-evaluation-of-child-abuse-in-the-pediatric-emergency-setting
#4
Ana Nunes de Almeida, Vasco Ramos, Helena Nunes de Almeida, Carlos Gil Escobar, Catarina Garcia
OBJECTIVE: This article comprises a sample of abuse modalities observed in a pediatric emergency room of a public hospital in the Lisbon metropolitan area and a multifactorial characterization of physical and sexual violence. The objectives are: (1) to discuss the importance of social and family variables in the configuration of both types of violence; (2) to show how physical and sexual violence have subtypes and internal diversity. METHODS: A statistical analysis was carried out in a database (1063 records of child abuse between 2004 and 2013)...
April 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450053/water-and-fluid-intake-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-functional-constipation-in-children-and-adolescents-is-there-evidence
#5
Sabine Nunes Boilesen, Soraia Tahan, Francine Canova Dias, Lígia Cristina Fonseca Lahoz Melli, Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To study the evidence on the role of water and fluid intake in the prevention and treatment of functional intestinal constipation in children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A search was carried out in the Medline database (between 1966 and 2016) for all published articles containing the following words: constipation, water, and fluids, published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. All original articles that assessed children and adolescents were selected by title and abstract...
April 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450054/hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-low-cardiorespiratory-fitness-levels-and-excess-weight-in-schoolchildren
#6
Luiza N Reis, Jane D P Renner, Cézane P Reuter, Jorge A Horta, Dulciane N Paiva, Andréia R de M Valim, Ana P Sehn, Elza D de Mello, Miria S Burgos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association between hyperuricemia and cardiorespiratory fitness levels/nutritional profile, grouped into a single variable, in schoolchildren. METHOD: Cross-sectional study of 2335 students from Elementary schools, aged 7-17 years of both genders, stratified by conglomerates of a municipality in Southern Brazil. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) was assessed by the 6-minute run/walk test...
April 24, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445687/accuracy-of-low-dose-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-in-childhood-and-comparison-with-usg-and-standard-dose-ct
#7
Dae Yong Yi, Kyung Hoon Lee, Sung Bin Park, Jee Taek Kim, Na Mi Lee, Hyery Kim, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, In Seok Lim
OBJECTIVES: Computed tomography should be performed after careful consideration due to radiation hazard, which is why interest in low dose CT has increased recently in acute appendicitis. Previous studies have been performed in adult and adolescents populations, but no studies have reported on the efficacy of using low-dose CT in children younger than 10 years. METHODS: Patients (n=475) younger than 10 years who were examined for acute appendicitis were recruited...
April 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441514/sleep-and-electronic-media-exposure-in-adolescents-the-rule-of-diminishing-returns
#8
David Gozal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441513/antibody-persistence-following-meningococcal-c-conjugate-vaccination-in-children-and-adolescents-infected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#9
Ana Cristina Cisne Frota, Lee H Harrison, Bianca Ferreira, Daniela Menna-Barreto, Raquel Bernardo Nana de Castro, Giselle Pereira da Silva, Ricardo Hugo de Oliveira, Thalita F Abreu, Lucimar G Milagres, Cristina B Hofer
OBJECTIVE: HIV-infected individuals (HIVI) are threatened by meningococcal infection and presented lower response to vaccines. Data are scarce on long-term persistence of human serum bactericidal antibody (hSBA) after a meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccine in HIVI youth; the authors aimed to describe this persistence in HIVI. METHODS: HIVI and HIV uninfected individuals (HIVU), aged 2-18 years, CD4 >15% were recruited. Seroprotection (hSBA ≥1:4) at baseline and at 12-18 months after immunization was evaluated and the association of the different factors with the long-term persistence was calculated using logistic regression...
April 22, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432863/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-breast-milk-donation-in-banks-that-receive-human-milk-in-primary-health-care-units
#10
Tatiana Mota Xavier de Meneses, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze factors associated with breast milk donation at primary health care units in order to increase the human milk bank reserves. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A representative sample of 695 mothers of children younger than 1 year attended to at the nine primary health care units with human milk donation services were interviewed. A hierarchical approach was used to obtain adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) by Poisson regression with robust variance...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432862/a-closer-look-at-the-fetal-programming-hypothesis-with-obstetric-ultrasound
#11
Henning Tiemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432861/spirometry-and-volumetric-capnography-in-lung-function-assessment-of-obese-and-normal-weight-individuals-without-asthma
#12
Mariana S Ferreira, Roberto T Mendes, Fernando A L Marson, Mariana P Zambon, Maria A R G M Antonio, Ilma A Paschoal, Adyléia A D C Toro, Silvana D Severino, Maria A G O Ribeiro, José D Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare lung function of obese and healthy, normal-weight children and adolescents, without asthma, through spirometry and volumetric capnography. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 77 subjects (38 obese) aged 5-17 years. All subjects underwent spirometry and volumetric capnography. The evaluations were repeated in obese subjects after the use of a bronchodilator. RESULTS: At the spirometry assessment, obese individuals, when compared with the control group, showed lower values of forced expiratory volume in the first second by forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) and expiratory flows at 75% and between 25 and 75% of the FVC (p<0...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431215/early-treatment-improves-urodynamic-prognosis-in-neurogenic-voiding-dysfunction-20-years-of-experience
#13
Lucia M Costa Monteiro, Glaura O Cruz, Juliana M Fontes, Eliane T R C Vieira, Eloá N Santos, Grace F Araújo, Eloane G Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early treatment and urodynamic improvement in pediatric and adolescent patients with neurogenic bladder. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective longitudinal and observational study (between 1990 and 2013) including patients with neurogenic bladder and myelomeningocele treated based on urodynamic results. The authors evaluated the urodynamic follow-up (bladder compliance and maximum bladder capacity and pressure) considering the first urodynamic improvement in two years as the outcome variable and early referral as the exposure variable, using a descriptive and multivariate analysis with logistic regression model...
April 18, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366628/blood-lead-levels-in-a-group-of-children-the-potential-risk-factors-and-health-problems
#14
Mones M AbuShady, Hanan A Fathy, Gihan A Fathy, Samer Abd El Fatah, Alaa Ali, M A Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate blood lead levels (BLLs) in schoolchildren in two areas of Egypt to understand the current lead pollution exposure and its risk factors, aiming to improve prevention politicies. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study in children (n=400) aged 6-12 years recruited from two areas in Egypt (industrial and urban). BLLs were measured using an atomic absorption method. Detailed questionnaires on sources of lead exposure and history of school performance and any behavioral changes were obtained...
March 30, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359015/brain-focused-care-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-the-time-has-come
#15
Krisa P Van Meurs, Sonia L Bonifacio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336264/genomic-imbalances-in-syndromic-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Miriam Coelho Molck, Milena Simioni, Társis Paiva Vieira, Ilária Cristina Sgardioli, Fabíola Paoli Monteiro, Josiane Souza, Agnes Cristina Fett-Conte, Têmis Maria Félix, Isabella Lopes Monlléo, Vera Lúcia Gil-da-Silva-Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathogenic genomic imbalances in patients presenting congenital heart disease (CHD) with extra cardiac anomalies and exclusion of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS). METHODS: 78 patients negative for the 22q11.2 deletion, previously screened by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and/or multiplex ligation probe amplification (MLPA) were tested by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). RESULTS: Clinically significant copy number variations (CNVs ≥300kb) were identified in 10% (8/78) of cases...
March 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325678/early-neonatal-deaths-associated-with-perinatal-asphyxia-in-infants-%C3%A2-2500g-in-brazil
#17
Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Mandira Daripa Kawakami, Lícia Maria Oliveira Moreira, Rosa Maria Vaz Dos Santos, Lêni Márcia Anchieta, Ruth Guinsburg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the annual burden of early neonatal deaths associated with perinatal asphyxia in infants weighing ≥2500g in Brazil from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: The population study enrolled all live births of infants with birth weight ≥2500g and without malformations who died up to six days after birth with perinatal asphyxia, defined as intrauterine hypoxia, asphyxia at birth, or meconium aspiration syndrome. The cause of death was written in any field of the death certificate, according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (P20...
March 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325677/il-6-tnf-%C3%AE-il-10-and-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-biliary-atresia
#18
Maria Ines de Albuquerque Wilasco, Carolina Uribe-Cruz, Daniele Santetti, Gabriel Rodrigo Fries, Cristina Toscani Leal Dornelles, Themis Reverbel da Silveira
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study is to evaluate whether IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10 are associated with nutritional status in patients with cirrhosis secondary to biliary atresia and compare to healthy controls. METHODS: The parameters used for nutritional assessment were the standard deviation scores of height-for-age and of triceps skinfold thickness-for-age. The severity of cirrhosis was evaluated using the Child-Pugh score and PELD/MELD. Serum cytokines were measured using Cytometric Bead Array flow cytometry...
March 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325676/sedation-and-subglottic-stenosis-in-critically-ill-children
#19
Steven L Shein, Alexandre T Rotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325675/placental-and-colostral-transfer-of-antibodies-reactive-with-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-intimins-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-or-%C3%AE
#20
Silvia P N Altman, Milene Tino-De-Franco, Cristiane B Carbonare, Patricia Palmeira, Solange B Carbonare
OBJECTIVE: Intimins are protein adhesins of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) capable of inducing attachment and effacement lesions in enterocytes. Anti-intimin antibodies are important for the protection from EPEC and EHEC infections because these antibodies inhibit bacterial adhesion and impair the initial step of the pathogenesis. We studied the transfer of maternal anti-intimin antibodies from healthy Brazilian mothers to their newborns through the placenta and colostrum...
March 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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