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Jornal de Pediatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30423323/clinical-outcomes-after-more-conservative-management-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#1
Cristina Borràs-Novell, Ana Riverola, Victoria Aldecoa-Bilbao, Montserrat Izquierdo, Monica Domingo, Martín Iriondo
OBJECTIVE: Management of patent ductus arteriosus is still controversial. This study aimed to describe the impact of a more conservative approach on treatment rates and on main outcomes of prematurity, especially in preterm infants with <26 weeks of gestation. METHOD: Clinical charts review of infants ≤30 weeks with patent ductus arteriosus between 2009 and 2016 at two centers. In 2011, the authors changed patent ductus arteriosus management: in first period (2009-2011), patients who failed medical treatment underwent surgical closure; in second period (2012-2016), only those with cardiopulmonary compromise underwent surgical ligation...
November 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391140/relationship-between-bullying-and-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Carlos Jefferson do Nascimento Andrade, Crésio de Aragão Dantas Alves
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a systematic review on the relationship of bullying with type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents. METHODS: Systematic review, according to the PRISMA methodology, in which the databases PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Thomson Reuters, Eighteenth Century Collections Online, Begell House Digital Library, LILACS, and SciELO were searched using the terms "bullied", "aggression", "peer victimization", "victimization", "school violence", "diabetes mellitus", "type 1 diabetes mellitus", "autoimmune diabetes", "children" and "adolescents...
October 31, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30393010/adolescents-healthy-lifestyle
#3
Adilson Marques, Nuno Loureiro, Bruno Avelar-Rosa, Ana Naia, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
OBJECTIVE: Using a wide and representative sample of adolescents from 37 countries, this study aimed to analyze how age changes adolescents' healthy lifestyle. METHODS: The study included 148,839 adolescents who participated in the Health Behavior in School-aged Children 2010 survey. A composite score of a healthy lifestyle was created using the combination of daily physical activity, daily fruit and vegetable consumption, <2h daily on screen-based behaviors, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco products...
October 27, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352206/refractory-functional-constipation-clinical-management-or-appendicostomy
#4
Vanesca P A de Arruda, Maria A Bellomo-Brandão, Joaquim M Bustorff-Silva, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical evolution in patients with refractory functional constipation undergoing different therapeutic regimens: oral laxatives and antegrade enemas via appendicostomy or clinical treatment with oral laxatives and rectal enemas. METHODS: Analysis of a series of 28 patients with a mean age of 7.9 years (2.4-11), followed-up in a tertiary outpatient clinic. Refractory functional constipation was defined as continuous retentive fecal incontinence after at least a 12-month period of consensus therapy...
October 22, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339783/height-and-sexual-maturation-in-girls-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#5
Sandra Helena Machado, Ricardo M Xavier, Priscila S Lora, Luciana M Kurtz Gonçalves, Luciane R Trindade, Paulo José C Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate height, sexual maturation, and the difference between final and expected height in girls with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and no glucocorticoid treatment for at least six months, as compared to a group of healthy girls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 44 girls with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, diagnosed according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria, and 59 healthy controls aged between 8 and 18 (incomplete) years with no comorbid chronic diseases...
October 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339782/validation-of-a-tool-to-evaluate-women-s-satisfaction-with-breastfeeding-for-the-brazilian-population
#6
Andrea F Kroll de Senna, Camila Giugliani, Juliana C A Lago, Agnes M B L Bizon, Ana C M Martins, Ceres A V Oliveira, Elsa R J Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To perform the construct validity and the internal consistency of the Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale tool, aiming at its application in the Brazilian population. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that applied the tool to 287 Brazilian women 30 days after childbirth. Main component analysis with varimax rotation was used for the factor analysis, verifying the number of subscales and the maintenance or extraction of the components. Four hypotheses were tested using the unpaired Student's t-test for construct validation...
October 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321494/coverage-and-educational-actions-related-to-the-national-vitamin-a-supplementation-program-a-study-in-children-from-the-state-of-alagoas
#7
Riquelane B M Lima, Haroldo S Ferreira, Andressa L Cavalcante, Laíse Gabrielly M L Santos, Regina Coeli S Vieira, Monica L Assunção
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the coverage of the National Vitamin A Supplementation Program (Programa Nacional de Suplementação de Vitamina A) in children from Alagoas, to identify factors associated with this coverage, and to analyze the adequacy of nutrition education actions. METHODS: Household survey involving a representative probabilistic sample of children aged 6 to 59 months from Alagoas and their mothers (n=509). Coverage was defined by the percentage of children with supplementation records in the last semester...
October 12, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316810/binge-drinking-and-frequent-or-heavy-drinking-among-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
Lara Silvia Oliveira Conegundes, Juliana Y Valente, Camila Bertini Martins, Solange Andreoni, Zila M Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociodemographic, school, and family factors associated with the patterns of binge drinking and frequent or heavy drinking among adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, nested in a randomized controlled trial, of 6285 seventh and eighth grade adolescent students from Brazilian public schools. The associations between binge drinking (consumption of five or more doses of alcohol on a single occasion) in the last 12 months and frequent or heavy drinking (alcohol consumption on six or more days) in the last month and the several factors were analyzed through weighted logistic regression...
October 12, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315755/effects-of-intrauterine-latent-iron-deficiency-on-auditory-neural-maturation-in-full-term-newborns
#9
Leticia Valerio Pallone, Felipe Alves de Jesus, Gleice Aline Gonçalves, Laura Carvalho Navarra, Débora Gusmão Melo, Rodrigo Alves Ferreira, Carla Maria Ramos Germano
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the relationship between latent iron deficiency evaluated by ferritin, and the myelination of the central nervous system evaluated through the brainstem evoked response audiometry test. METHOD: A total of 109 full-term newborns, born without anemia and risk factor for hearing deficiency, were enrolled. After delivery, umbilical cord blood was collected to determine ferritin and hematocrit levels. The brainstem evoked response audiometry test was carried out in the first 28 days of life...
October 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308145/the-time-has-come-to-invest-more-in-the-prevention-of-day-care-associated-infection-in-children
#10
Iva Hojsak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243644/accuracy-of-stridor-based-diagnosis-of-post-intubation-subglottic-stenosis-in-pediatric-patients
#11
Cláudia Schweiger, Larissa Valency Eneas, Denise Manica, Cátia de Souza Saleh Netto, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho, Jefferson Pedro Piva, Gabriel Kuhl, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of stridor in comparison to endoscopic examination for diagnosis of pediatric post-intubation subglottic stenosis. METHOD: Children who required endotracheal intubation for >24h were included in this prospective cohort study. Children were monitored daily and underwent flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy after extubation. Those with moderate-to-severe abnormalities underwent another examination 7-10 days later. If lesions persisted or symptoms developed, laryngoscopy under general anesthesia was performed...
September 21, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243937/prenatal-mold-exposure-is-associated-with-development-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-infants-through-allergic-inflammation
#12
Eun Lee, Kil Yong Choi, Mi-Jin Kang, So-Yeon Lee, Jisun Yoon, Hyun-Ju Cho, Sungsu Jung, Si Hyeon Lee, Dong In Suh, Youn Ho Shin, Kyung Won Kim, Kangmo Ahn, Soo-Jong Hong
OBJECTIVE: Mold exposure in early life may be associated with development of atopic dermatitis; however, studies of this link are inconclusive and evidence for the underlying mechanism(s) is lacking. This study identified the association between the time of mold exposure and development of atopic dermatitis and investigated the underlying mechanisms. METHOD: The association between atopic dermatitis and mold exposure was examined in the Cohort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and Allergic Diseases birth cohort study (n=1446)...
September 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240631/treatment-outcomes-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-a-middle-income-developing-country-high-mortalities-early-relapses-and-poor-survival
#13
Suzy Abdelmabood, Ashraf Elsayed Fouda, Fatimah Boujettif, Ahmed Mansour
OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common childhood cancer, yet surprisingly, very few studies have reported the treatment outcomes and the relapse rate of patients from low/middle-income countries. METHOD: This study was a 5-year retrospective cohort study. It was conducted at Oncology Center of Mansoura University in Egypt and aimed to estimate the treatment outcomes and the relapse rates of newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children...
September 18, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240630/patients-with-asthma-have-reduced-functional-capacity-and-sedentary-behavior
#14
Mariana Mazzuca Reimberg, Jessyca Rodrigues Selman Pachi, Rebeca Souza Scalco, Andrey Jorge Serra, Leandro Fernandes, Fabiano Politti, Gustavo Falbo Wandalsen, Dirceu Solé, Simone Dal Corso, Fernanda Cordoba Lanza
OBJECTIVE: The modified shuttle test (MST) is a field test that evaluates functional capacity. It is easy to perform, and avoids ceiling effect, however, MST was not used in pediatric asthmatic patients. Thus, the aim was to evaluate functional capacity by MST, additionally to perform a multidimensional assessment as physical activity in daily life, muscle strength, and cytokine levels in children and adolescents with asthma, and to correlate these variables. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included volunteers aged between 6 and 18 years who were divided into two groups: asthma group (n=43) that received regular treatment and control group (n=24)...
September 18, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240629/effect-of-prednisolone-on-linear-growth-in-children-with-nephrotic-syndrome
#15
Ehsan Valavi, Majid Aminzadeh, Parisa Amouri, Afshin Rezazadeh, Maedeh Beladi-Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at determining the relationship between prednisolone cumulative dose and linear growth in pre-pubertal children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome registered to the pediatric nephrology department at the main referral children's hospital in Southwestern Iran. Inclusion criteria included age (males <12 years; females <10 years), >6 months of use, and the minimum prednisolone cumulative dose of 152mg/kg...
September 18, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236593/ultra-low-dose-chest-computed-tomography-without-anesthesia-in-the-assessment-of-pediatric-pulmonary-diseases
#16
Cristina Manera Dorneles, Gabriel Sartori Pacini, Matheus Zanon, Stephan Altmayer, Guilherme Watte, Marcelo C Barros, Edson Marchiori, Matteo Baldisserotto, Bruno Hochhegger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of using ultra-low-dose computed tomography of the chest with iterative reconstruction without anesthesia for assessment of pulmonary diseases in children. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 86 consecutive pediatric patients (ranging from 1 month to 18 years) that underwent ultra-low-dose computed tomography due to suspicion of pulmonary diseases, without anesthesia and contrast. Parameters used were: 80kVp; 15-30mA; acquisition time, 0...
September 17, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236592/parent-snap-iv-rating-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-accuracy-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adhd-validity-and-reliability-in-a-brazilian-sample
#17
Danielle S Costa, Jonas Jardim de Paula, Leandro F Malloy-Diniz, Marco A Romano-Silva, Débora M Miranda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychometric properties of the short or multimodal treatment study version of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham, Version IV (SNAP-IV) scale, which measures attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 765 parents of children from 4 to 16 years old (641 non-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and 124 attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder children) from Belo Horizonte, Brazil, who reported sociodemographic characteristics and answered the SNAP-IV...
September 17, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236591/is-the-association-between-sociodemographic-variables-and-physical-activity-levels-in-adolescents-mediated-by-social-support-and-self-efficacy
#18
Luanna A Cheng, Gerfeson Mendonça, Joana M S Lucena, Cassiano R Rech, José C Farias
OBJECTIVE: Analyze whether the association between sociodemographic variables and physical activity levels is mediated by psychosocial factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study of public and private high school students in João Pessoa, Paraíba state, Brazil. A total of 2540 adolescents (57.0% female) were analyzed (16.4±1.2 years). Physical activity was estimated using a questionnaire, self-efficacy, and parents' and friends' social support by scales, all previously validated...
September 17, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138579/breastfeeding-in-children-born-small-for-gestational-age-and-future-nutritional-and-metabolic-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ana Cecília Travassos Santiago, Louise Perna Martins da Cunha, Nayara Silva Argollo Vieira, Lícia Maria Oliveira Moreira, Patrícia Ribeiro de Oliveira, Priscila Pinheiro Ribeiro Lyra, Crésio de Aragão Dantas Alves
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence related to nutritional and cardiometabolic outcomes in children born at term and small for gestational age and the association with breastfeeding. SOURCE OF DATA: Two independent reviewers searched the MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, and Embase databases without time or language restrictions. The PRISMA tool was used, and studies that evaluated infants born at term and small for gestational age, breastfed, and with an evaluation of cardiometabolic outcomes were included...
August 21, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401429/khamapirad-radiologic-criteria-as-a-predictor-of-pneumonia-s-bacterial-etiology
#20
LETTER
Diego Victor Bustamante Heinsohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
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