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Jornal de Pediatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219626/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-and-fetal-neonatal-growth
#1
Tiago Miguel Pinto, Filipa Caldas, Cristina Nogueira-Silva, Bárbara Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depression and anxiety have been found to negatively affect fetal and neonatal growth. However, the independent effects of maternal depression and anxiety on fetal/neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze simultaneously the effects of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety on (1) neonatal growth outcomes, and (2), on fetal/neonatal growth trajectories, from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth. METHODS: A sample of 172 women was recruited and completed self-reported measures of depression and anxiety during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, and at childbirth...
February 17, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214387/administering-surfactant-without-intubation-what-does-the-laryngeal-mask-offer-us
#2
Peter A Dargaville
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157487/comparison-of-body-composition-and-adipokine-levels-between-thin-and-normal-weight-prepubertal-children
#3
Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Joanna Gajewska, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Grażyna Rowicka, Witold Klemarczyk, Magdalena Chełchowska
OBJECTIVE: Thinness can have substantial consequences for child development and health. Adipokines, including leptin and adiponectin, play a significant role in the regulation of important metabolic functions. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between body composition and serum leptin and adiponectin levels in thin and normal-weight children. METHODS: The authors examined 100 healthy prepubertal children, who were divided into two subgroups: thin (n=50) and normal-weight children (n=50)...
February 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153484/magnetic-resonance-enterography-in-pediatric-celiac-disease
#4
Gonca Koc, Selim Doganay, Eylem Sevinc, Kemal Deniz, Govind Chavhan, Sureyya B Gorkem, Neslihan Karacabey, Mehmet S Dogan, Abdulhakim Coskun, Duran Aslan
OBJECTIVE: To assess if magnetic resonance enterography is capable of showing evidence/extent of disease in pediatric patients with biopsy-proven celiac disease by comparing with a control group, and to correlate the magnetic resonance enterography findings with anti-endomysial antibody level, which is an indicator of gluten-free dietary compliance. METHODS: Thirty-one pediatric patients (mean age 11.7±3.1 years) with biopsy-proven celiac disease and 40 pediatric patients as a control group were recruited in the study...
January 31, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132762/equations-based-on-anthropometry-to-predict-body-fat-measured-by-absorptiometry-in-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#5
Luis Ortiz-Hernández, A Valeria Vega López, Norma Ramos-Ibáñez, L Joana Cázares Lara, R Joab Medina Gómez, Diana Pérez-Salgado
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate equations to estimate the percentage of body fat of children and adolescents from Mexico using anthropometric measurements. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 601 children and adolescents from Mexico aged 5-19 years. The participants were randomly divided into the following two groups: the development sample (n=398) and the validation sample (n=203). The validity of previously published equations (e.g., Slaughter) was also assessed...
January 26, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130969/the-oxford-classification-predictors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-pediatric-patients-with-iga-nephropathy
#6
Rafaela C G Fabiano, Stanley A Araújo, Eduardo A Bambirra, Eduardo A Oliveira, Ana Cristina Simõese Silva, Sérgio V B Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: The Oxford Classification for Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) identifies pathological variables that may predict the decline of renal function. This study aimed to evaluate the Oxford Classification variables as predictors of renal dysfunction in a cohort of Brazilian children and adolescents with IgAN. METHODS: A total of 54 patients with IgAN biopsied from 1982 to 2010 were assessed. Biopsies were re-evaluated and classified according to the Oxford Classification...
January 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130968/the-association-between-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-spanish-adolescents
#7
José J Muros, Federico Salvador Pérez, Félix Zurita Ortega, Vanesa M Gámez Sánchez, Emily Knox
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to examine the association between body mass index, physical activity, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, and health-related quality of life in a sample of Spanish adolescents. METHOD: The study involved 456 adolescents aged between 11 and 14 years. They completed questionnaires on the Mediterranean diet (KIDMED), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children [PAQ-C]), and quality of life (KIDSCREEN-27)...
January 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130967/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-laryngeal-mask-airway-for-surfactant-administration-in-neonates
#8
Rosilu F Barbosa, Ana C Simões E Silva, Yerkes P Silva
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term efficacy of surfactant administration by laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal tube. METHODS: Preterm infants (28-35 weeks of gestational age), weighing 1kg or more, with respiratory distress syndrome, requiring nasal continuous positive airway pressure, with increased respiratory effort and/or fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2)≥0.40 to maintain oxygen saturation 91-95%, were randomized to receive surfactant by LMA following nCPAP or by ETT following mechanical ventilation (MV)...
January 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130966/undersedation-is-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-subglottic-stenosis-in-intubated-children
#9
Cláudia Schweiger, Denise Manica, Denise Rotta Rutkay Pereira, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho, Jefferson Pedro Piva, Gabriel Kuhl, Leo Sekine, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the level of sedation in intubated children as a risk factor for the development of subglottic stenosis (SGS). METHODS: All patients between 30 days and 5 years of age who required endotracheal intubation in the pediatric intensive care unit between 2013 and 2014 were included in this prospective study. They were monitored daily and COMFORT-B scores were obtained. Flexible fiber-optic laryngoscopy was performed within eight hours of extubation, and repeated seven to ten days later if the first examination showed moderate to severe laryngeal injuries...
January 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126563/cardiac-dysfunction-at-echocardiogram-and-ferritin-as-early-markers-of-severity-in-pediatric-sepsis
#10
Cristian T Tonial, Pedro Celiny R Garcia, Louise Cardoso Schweitzer, Caroline A D Costa, Francisco Bruno, Humberto H Fiori, Paulo R Einloft, Ricardo Branco Garcia, Jefferson Pedro Piva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the association of echocardiogram, ferritin, C-reactive protein, and leukocyte count with unfavorable outcomes in pediatric sepsis. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out from March to December 2014, with pediatric critical care patients aged between 28 days and 18 years. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of sepsis, need for mechanical ventilation for more than 48h, and vasoactive drugs. Serum levels of C-reactive protein, ferritin, and leukocyte count were collected on the first day (D0), 24h (D1), and 72h (D3) after recruitment...
January 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108215/tobacco-smoke-it-is-time-for-pediatricians-to-feel-directly-concerned
#11
Luis Garcia-Marcos, Manuel Sanchez-Solis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039734/autism-in-2016-additional-discovery
#12
LETTER
Keith Fluegge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039733/authors-reply-autism-in-2016-additional-discovery
#13
LETTER
Annio Posar, Paola Visconti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034730/association-between-postpartum-depression-and-the-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-the-first-three-months-of-life
#14
Catarine S Silva, Marilia C Lima, Leopoldina A S Sequeira-de-Andrade, Juliana S Oliveira, Jailma S Monteiro, Niedja M S Lima, Rijane M A B Santos, Pedro I C Lira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between postpartum depression and the occurrence of exclusive breastfeeding. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the states of the Northeast region, during the vaccination campaign in 2010. The sample consisted of 2583 mother-child pairs, with children aged from 15 days to 3 months. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to screen for postpartum depression. The outcome was lack of exclusive breastfeeding, defined as the occurrence of this practice in the 24h preceding the interview...
December 26, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034729/neonatal-and-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-developing-latin-american-countries
#15
Javier Kattan, Álvaro González, Andrés Castillo, Luiz Fernando Caneo
OBJECTIVE: To review the principles of neonatal-pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy, prognosis, and its establishment in limited resource-limited countries in Latino America. SOURCES: The PubMed database was explored from 1985 up to the present, selecting from highly-indexed and leading Latin American journals, and Extracorporeal Life Support Organization reports. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation provides "time" for pulmonary and cardiac rest and for recovery...
December 26, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024960/detecting-congenital-hypothyroidism-with-newborn-screening-the-relevance-of-tsh-cutoff-values
#16
Stela Maris Silvestrin, Claudio Leone, Cléa Rodrigues Leone
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism and the ability of various neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSHneo) cutoff values to detect this disease. METHODS: This cohort study was based on the retrospective collection of information available from the Reference Service for Newborn Screening database for all live births from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, assessed using the Newborn Screening Program of a Brazilian state. The infants were divided into two groups: I - Control: infants with normal newborn screening tests and II - Study: infants with congenital hypothyroidism...
December 23, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932225/hospitalizations-of-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-in-the-state-of-minas-gerais
#17
Ana Paula P C Fernandes, Fernanda A Avendanha, Marcos B Viana
OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize hospital admissions and readmissions in the Brazilian Unified Public Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde [SUS]) in children with sickle cell disease diagnosed by the Minas Gerais Newborn Screening Program between 1999 and 2012. METHODS: Hospital Admission Authorizations with the D57 (International Classification of Diseases-10) code in the fields of primary or secondary diagnosis were retrieved from the SUS Databank (1999-2012)...
December 5, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916571/impact-and-seasonality-of-human-rhinovirus-infection-in-hospitalized-patients-for-two-consecutive-years
#18
Jaqueline Leotte, Hygor Trombetta, Heloisa Z Faggion, Bernardo M Almeida, Meri B Nogueira, Luine R Vidal, Sonia M Raboni
OBJECTIVES: To report epidemiological features, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of human rhinovirus (HRV) infections in comparison with other community acquired respiratory virus (CRV) infections in patients hospitalized for two consecutive years. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory data of patients hospitalized with acute respiratory syndrome in a tertiary care hospital from 2012 to 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: HRV was the most common CRV observed (36%, 162/444) and was present in the majority of viral co-detections (69%, 88/128), mainly in association with human enterovirus (45%)...
December 2, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821252/current-knowledge-of-environmental-exposure-in-children-during-the-sensitive-developmental-periods
#19
Norma Helena Perlroth, Christina Wyss Castelo Branco
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the scientific evidence on the risks and effects of exposure to environmental contaminants in children during sensitive developmental periods. DATA SOURCE: The search was performed in the Bireme database, using the terms: children's health, environmental exposure, health vulnerability, toxicity pathways and developmental disabilities in the LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO systems. DATA SYNTHESIS: Children differ from adults in their unique physiological and behavioral characteristics and the potential exposure to risks caused by several threats in the environment...
January 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816508/moderately-and-late-preterms-have-problem-recognizing-faces-after-birth
#20
Marco Bartocci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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