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Jornal de Pediatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988772/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-hypoxic-ischemic-enceprhalopathy-challenges-during-transfer-and-global-perspectives
#1
Topun Austin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982638/prospective-cohort-analyzing-risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease-progression-in-children
#2
Vera M S Belangero, Liliane C Prates, Andreia Watanabe, Benita S G Schvartsman, Paula Nussenzveig, Natalia A Cruz, Ana L S Abreu, Isabel P Paz, Inalda Facincani, Fernanda E C Morgantetti, Andreia O Silva, Olberes V B Andrade, Maria F C Camargo, Paulo C Koch Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression in Brazilian children and to evaluate the interactions between factors. METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective cohort in São Paulo, involving 209 children with CKD stages 3-4. The study outcome included: (a) death, (b) start of kidney replacement therapy, (c) eGFR decrease >50% during the followup. Thirteen risk factors were tested using univariate regression models, followed by multivariable Cox regression models...
October 2, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982637/pediatric-chronic-patients-at-outpatient-clinics-a-study-in-a-latin-american-university-hospital
#3
Renata A Alveno, Caroline V Miranda, Caroline G Passone, Aurora R Waetge, Elza S Hojo, Sylvia C L Farhat, Vicente Odone-Filho, Uenis Tannuri, Werther B Carvalho, Magda Carneiro-Sampaio, Clovis A Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children and adolescentes with chronic diseases of outpatient clinics at a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 16,237 patients with chronic diseases followed-up in one year. The data were collected through the electronic system, according to the number of physician appointments in 23 pediatric specialties. Patients were divided in two groups: children (0-9 years) and adolescents (10-19 years)...
October 2, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963879/accuracy-of-serum-ige-concentrations-and-papule-diameter-in-the-diagnosis-of-cow-s-milk-allergy
#4
Jackeline M Franco, Ana Paula S G Pinheiro, Sarah C F Vieira, Íkaro Daniel C Barreto, Ricardo Q Gurgel, Renata R Cocco, Dirceu Solé
OBJECTIVE: To compare serum concentrations of specific IgE and mean papule diameters induced in the immediate skin reactivity test with cow's milk (CM) and its fractions with results of the oral challenge test (OCT), and to establish cutoff points capable of predicting clinical reactivity to CM in patients treated at a referral service. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two children (median of 17 months) with a history of immediate reactions to CM and presence of specific IgE for CM and/or its fractions (positive skin and/or IgE serum tests) were submitted to open OCT with CM...
September 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963878/human-parainfluenza-virus-surveillance-in-pediatric-patients-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-a-special-view-of-parainfluenza-type-4
#5
Luciano M Thomazelli, Danielle B L de Oliveira, Giuliana S Durigon, Brett Whitaker, Shifaq Kamili, Eitan N Berezin, Edison L Durigon
OBJECTIVE: Characterize the role of human parainfluenza virus and its clinical features in Brazilian children under 2 years of age presenting with acute lower respiratory tract infections. METHODS: Real-time assays were used to identify strains of human parainfluenza virus and other common respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal aspirates. One thousand and two children presenting with acute lower respiratory tract illnesses were enrolled from February 2008 to August 2010...
September 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963877/t-lymphocyte-expressing-inflammatory-cytokines-underlie-persistence-of-proteinuria-in-children-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#6
Fábio Tadeu Lourenço Guimarães, Gustavo Eustáquio Brito Alvim de Melo, Thiago Macedo Cordeiro, Victor Feracin, Etel Rocha Vieira, Wagner de Fátima Pereira, Sérgio Veloso Brant Pinheiro, Aline Silva Miranda, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of an important role of immune system changes in the triggering and maintenance of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of cytokines in lymphocyte populations of patients with INS in comparison to healthy individuals, according to proteinuria. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 44 patients with INS and eight healthy children, matched for age and sex (controls). Patients were subdivided according to proteinuria: persistent proteinuria or partial remission (PP≥300mg/24h, n=17) and low proteinuria or complete remission (LP<300mg/24h, n=27)...
September 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961416/a-higher-number-of-school-meals-is-associated-with-a-less-processed-diet
#7
Bruna M A Bento, Andressa da C Moreira, Ariene S do Carmo, Luana C Dos Santos, Paula M Horta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the participation of food groups - fresh and minimally processed, processed, and ultra-processed - in the diet of students (n=1357) from Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, in accordance with the number of school meals consumed daily. METHODS: Four groups were defined: children that did not consume school meals and children that consumed one, two, or three school meals daily. Food groups participation, in g/1000kcal, was obtained using two 24-hour recalls...
September 26, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958799/efficacy-of-a-public-promotion-program-on-children-s-oral-health
#8
Ana Paula S Alves, Rise C I C Rank, Joana Estela R Vilela, Marcos S Rank, Wataro N Ogawa, Omar F Molina
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the Baby's Mouth early dental care prevention and promotion program in preventing oral diseases (caries, gingivitis, or malocclusions) in children attended since 2010. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and cohort study that assessed 252 children between 36 and 60 months of age in both sexes. The children were divided into three groups: G1: effective participants of the program from birth; G2: children who have stopped participating for more than 24 months, and G3: children who have never attended a prevention program...
September 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958798/parents-use-of-physical-and-verbal-punishment-cross-sectional-study-in-underprivileged-neighborhoods
#9
Vagner Dos Santos, Paulo Henrique Dourado da Silva, Lenora Gandolfi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the past-year prevalence of parental use of verbal and physical discipline in an urban sample. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two underprivileged neighborhoods with nearly 80,000 inhabitants. Complex sampling was used. The households were selected by applying two-stage probabilistic sampling with stratification. A total of 401 households (sample error=0.1) were selected by maximizing the variance (p=0.5). The cluster sampling indicated 33 census units (sample error=0...
September 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945987/sedation-and-analgesia-for-procedures-in-the-pediatric-emergency-room
#10
REVIEW
Carlos Eduardo Ramalho, Pedro Messeder Caldeira Bretas, Claudio Schvartsman, Amélia Gorete Reis
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents often require sedation and analgesia in emergency situations. With the emergence of new therapeutic options, the obsolescence of others, and recent discoveries regarding already known drugs, it became necessary to review the literature in this area. DATA SOURCES: Non-systematic review in the PubMed database of studies published up to December 2016, including original articles, review articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses...
September 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945986/factors-associated-with-hospitalization-during-neonatal-period
#11
Maria Emília Quaresma, Ana Claudia Almeida, Maria Dalva B Méio, José Maria A Lopes, Maria Virgínia M Peixoto
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal mortality rate remains high in Brazil. The aim of the study was to evaluate the factors associated with hospitalization during the neonatal period. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in ten randomly-selected Brazilian municipalities. Mothers of children under the age of 6 who were carrying the child's health booklet were interviewed in basic health units. Hierarchical modeling of sociodemographic factors (distal level), maternal variables (intermediate level), and features of the newborns (proximal level) was performed...
September 22, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941390/severe-forms-of-food-allergy
#12
REVIEW
Emanuel Sarinho, Maria das Graças Moura Lins
OBJECTIVES: To guide the diagnostic and therapeutic management of severe forms of food allergy. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline database using the terms "severe food allergy," "anaphylaxis and food allergy," "generalized urticaria and food allergy," and "food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome" in the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields. SUMMARY OF DATA: Food allergy can be serious and life-threatening...
September 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941389/vitamin-a-nutritional-status-in-high-and-low-income-postpartum-women-and-its-effect-on-colostrum-and-the-requirements-of-the-term-newborn
#13
Cristiane Santos Sânzio Gurgel, Evellyn C Grilo, Larissa Q Lira, Débora G F Assunção, Priscila G Oliveira, Larisse R M de Melo, Silvia V de Medeiros, Luanna C Pessanha, Roberto Dimenstein, Clélia O Lyra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the vitamin A status in serum and colostrum of postpartum women with different socioeconomic status, comparing the colostrum retinol supply with the vitamin A requirement of the newborn. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted with 424 postpartum women. Vitamin A maternal dietary intake was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Colostrum and serum retinol levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Serum retinol concentrations <20μg/dL were indicative of vitamin A deficiency (VAD)...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941388/high-frequency-of-s-aureus-mssa-mrsa-in-children-under-1-year-old-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#14
Lorena Salazar, Judy Natalia Jimenez Quiceno
OBJECTIVE: Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for a large number of infections in pediatric population; however, information about the behavior of such infections in this population is limited. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical, epidemiological, and molecular characteristics of infections caused by methicillin-susceptible and resistant S. aureus (MSSA-MRSA) in a pediatric population. METHOD: A cross-sectional descriptive study in patients from birth to 14 years of age from three high-complexity institutions was conducted (2008-2010)...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941387/management-protocols-for-status-epilepticus-in-the-pediatric-emergency-room-systematic-review-article
#15
REVIEW
Cheuk C Au, Ricardo G Branco, Robert C Tasker
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review of national or regional guidelines published in English aimed to better understand variance in pre-hospital and emergency department (ED) treatment of status epilepticus. SOURCES: Systematic search of national or regional guidelines (January 2000 to February 2017) contained within PubMed and Google Scholar databases, and article reference lists. The search keywords were status epilepticus, prolonged seizure, treatment, and guideline...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941386/trp64arg-polymorphism-of-the-adrb3-gene-associated-with-maximal-fat-oxidation-and-ldl-c-levels-in-non-obese-adolescents
#16
Íncare Correa de Jesus, Lupe Furtado Alle, Eva Cantalejo Munhoz, Larissa Rosa da Silva, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Luciane Viater Tureck, Katia Sheylla Malta Purim, Ana Claudia Kapp Titski, Neiva Leite
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the ADRB3 gene, maximal fat oxidation rates (FATMAX) and the lipid profile levels in non-obese adolescents. METHODS: 72 schoolchildren, of both genders, aged between 11 and 17 years, participated in the study. The anthropometric and body composition variables, in addition to total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL-c), low density lipoprotein (LDL-c), triglycerides (TG), insulin (INS), and basal glycemia (GLIC), were evaluated...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893515/weaning-practices-of-mothers-in-eastern-turkey
#17
Nazan Gürarslan Baş, Gülnaz Karatay, Duygu Arikan
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the practices used by breastfeeding mothers to wean their children from the breast. METHOD: This qualitative-quantitative research was conducted with mothers whose children were registered the pediatric clinics of a state hospital between June and September 2016. In accordance with a purposeful sampling method, 232 mothers of children between the ages of 2 and 5 years were included in the study. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire with demographic characteristics of mothers as well as their weaning practices...
September 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888899/association-between-body-mass-index-and-individual-characteristics-and-the-school-context-a-multilevel-study-with-portuguese-children
#18
Rafael S Henrique, Thayse N Gomes, Go Tani, José A R Maia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between individual and school context characteristics with the body mass index of Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample comprised 1641 children (847 boys) aged 6-10 years from the North and Central regions of Portugal. Regarding the individual characteristics, age, gender, city of residence, levels of physical activity, and physical fitness were assessed. Concerning the school context characteristics, the surrounding environment, school size, presence of recreational characteristics and space, and presence of a sports court and of physical education classes were considered...
September 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843062/impulse-oscillometry-and-obesity-in-children
#19
Maíra S de Assumpção, José D Ribeiro, Renata M G Wamosy, Fernanda C X S de Figueiredo, Paloma L F Parazzi, Camila I S Schivinski
OBJECTIVE: To compare impulse oscillometry system parameters of normal-weight children with overweight and obese children. METHOD: All participants were submitted to the evaluation of lung function (spirometry and impulse oscillometry) following the American Thoracic Society standards. The evaluation of respiratory mechanics was performed using the Jaeger™ MasterScreen™ Impulse Oscillometry System (Erich Jaeger, Germany), three tests were recorded, with acquisition for at least 20s...
September 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888898/duodenal-pathologies-in-children-a-single-center-experience
#20
Ulas Emre Akbulut, Sami Fidan, Hamdi Cihan Emeksiz, Orhan Polat Ors
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have been performed concerning pathologies of the stomach and esophagus in the pediatric age group. However, there have been very few studies of duodenal pathologies in children. The authors aimed to examine the clinical, endoscopic, and histopathological characteristics, as well as the etiology of duodenal pathologies in children. METHOD: Patients aged between 1 and 17 years undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy during two years at this unit, were investigated retrospectively...
September 7, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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