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Jornal de Pediatria

Dafne C Andrade, Cristiana Maria Nascimento-Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Isabel Marlúcia Lopes Moreira de Almeida, Carmen Viana Ramos, Danielle Carvalho Rodrigues, Amanda Carvalho de Sousa, Maria de Lourdes Cristina Alcântara Paz Carvalho do Nascimento, Marcos Vilhena Bittencourt da Silva, Francisca Miriane Araújo Batista, Jéssica Pereira Dos Santos, Roselaine Sampaio Oliveira, Filipe Augusto de Freitas Nobre, Samanta Cristina das Chagas Xavier, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa
OBJECTIVES: To describe aspects of the microcephaly epidemic in the state of Piauí. METHODS: All cases of congenital microcephaly confirmed in the state between 2015 and 2016 were included (n=100). Investigation forms of the Regional Reference Center for Microcephaly were reviewed. Discarded cases (n=63) were used as a comparison group. RESULTS: In October, November, and December 2015 incidence rates reached 4.46, 6.33 and 3.86/1000 live births, respectively; 44 cases were reported in the state capital...
June 29, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Rebecca Peixoto Paes-Silva, Patrícia Calado Ferreira Pinheiro Gadelha, Maria da Conceição Chaves de Lemos, Célia Maria Machado Barbosa de Castro, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Alcides da Silva Diniz
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association between inflammatory process, adiposity, and vitamins A, D, and E in adolescents, according to gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with adolescents aged 12-19 years old of both genders attending public schools in Recife. A questionnaire was used to collect data on socioeconomic level, lifestyle, and food intake of adolescents. Then, an anthropometric evaluation and a blood sampling were performed to analyze serum concentrations of α-1-acid glycoprotein, retinol, β-carotene, α-tocopherol, and 25-hydroxy-vitamin D...
June 28, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Erica Azevedo de Oliveira Costa Jordão, Fabio C Kuschnir, Valeska C Figueiredo, Mara M R Félix, Thiago L N da Silva, Maria C C Kuschnir, Katia V Bloch, Moyses Szklo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between smoking and asthma, and possible associated factors in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, national, school-based study with adolescents aged 12-17 years, participants in the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes - ERICA). A total of 66,394 participants answered a self-administered questionnaire with questions about asthma, smoking, lifestyle and sociodemographic variables...
June 27, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Anapaula da Conceição Bisi Rizzo, Tamara Beres Lederer Goldberg, Talita Poli Biason, Cilmery Suemi Kurokawa, Carla Cristiane da Silva, José Eduardo Corrente, Helio Rubens Carvalho Nunes
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of two low-dose combined oral contraceptives on bone metabolism in adolescents for one year. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study. The adolescents were divided into three groups: oral contraceptives 1 (n=42) (20μg EE/150μg desogestrel), oral contraceptives 2 (n=66) (30μg EE/3mg drospirenone), and a control group (n=70). Adolescents underwent anthropometric assessment and densitometry (dual-energy X-ray)...
June 27, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Selma Feldman Witchel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Helen F D'avila, Fabiana A Poll, Cézane P Reuter, Miria S Burgos, Elza D Mello
OBJECTIVE: To identify health-related quality of life in adolescents with excess weight and associated factors, such as gender, age, and weight categories. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with collected and secondary data from 276 adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years with overweight and obesity, and whose parents or guardians authorized their participation. Anthropometric data, pubertal development, and the PedsQL 4.0 questionnaire were collected for the health-related quality of life assessment...
June 25, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Alison Oliveira da Silva, Paula R B Diniz, Maria E P Santos, Raphael M Ritti-Dias, Breno Q Farah, Rafael M Tassitano, Luciano M F T Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between total physical activities, physical activity in free time and nutritional status with self-perceived health in adolescents of both genders. METHODS: This is a quantitative study that integrates the school-based, cross-sectional epidemiological survey with statewide coverage, whose sample consisted of 6261 adolescents (14-19 years old) selected by random conglomerate sampling. Data were collected using the Global School-based Student Health Survey...
June 25, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Mirela F A Andrade, Isabel Cristina B Guimarães, Angelina X Acosta, Emília Katiane E A Leão, Moisés I G Moreira, Carlos Maurício C Mendes
OBJECTIVE: Mucopolysaccharidosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by the intralysosomal deposition of glycosaminoglycans. Cardiovascular impairment is a common feature. Cardiac signs and symptoms are underestimated due to the disease involvement in other organs. Enzyme replacement therapy can be used in mucopolysaccharidosis I, II, IV, and VI. Thus, the knowledge about the use of new echocardiography tools is relevant to improve the care of this population. This study aimed to describe left ventricular function assessment by conventional echocardiography and left ventricular global longitudinal strain analysis and compare the alterations in patients receiving enzyme replacement therapy and who had different ages at the start of therapy...
June 25, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Isabel Pimenta Spínola Castro, Marcos Borato Viana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cognitive abilities of children and adolescents with sickle-cell anemia diagnosed through neonatal screening and to compare them with healthy controls, adjusting the results to their socioeconomic status. METHODS: Cognitive assessment was performed with the Wechsler WISC-III scale in 64 children and adolescents with sickle-cell anemia and in 64 controls matched by gender and age, without the disease and without neurological impairment; socioeconomic status was measured by the Brazilian criterion...
June 25, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Nicholas D Embleton, Claire Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Gláubia Rocha Barbosa Relvas, Gabriela Dos Santos Buccini, Sonia Isoyama Venancio
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of ultra-processed food intake among children under one year of age and to identify associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was employed. We interviewed 198 mothers of children aged between 6 and 12 months in primary healthcare units located in a city of the metropolitan region of São Paulo, Brazil. Specific foods consumed in the previous 24h of the interview were considered to evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed foods...
June 8, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Usama M Alkholy, Soma Abdalla Mohamed, Marwa Elhady, Shahinaz El Attar, Nermin Abdalmonem, Ahmed Zaki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to illustrate the association between vascular endothelial growth factor level and pulmonary artery hypertension in children with β-thalassemia major. METHOD: This case-control study was conducted on 116 children with β-thalassemia major; 58 of them had pulmonary artery hypertension. They were compared to 58 healthy children who were age and sex-matched (control group). Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and echocardiographic assessment were done for all children...
June 1, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Camila W Schaan, Felipe V Cureau, Mariana Sbaraini, Karen Sparrenberger, Harold W Kohl Iii, Beatriz D Schaan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of excessive screen-based behaviors among Brazilian adolescents through a systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCE: Systematic review and meta-analysis were recorded in the International Prospective Register of Ongoing Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO-CRD 2017 CRD42017074432). This review included observational studies (cohort or cross-sectional) that evaluated the prevalence of excessive screen time (i.e. combinations involving different screen-based behaviors) or TV viewing (≥2h/day or >2h/day in front of screen) through indirect or direct methods in adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years...
June 1, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Jorge Ivan Martínez, Estela M Román, Emma L Alfaro, Carlos Grandi, José E Dipierri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and risks of underweight, stunting and wasting by gestational age in newborns of the Jujuy Province, Argentina at different altitude levels. METHODS: Live newborns (n=48,656) born from 2009-2014 in public facilities with a gestational age between 24+0 to 42+6 weeks. Phenotypes of underweight (<P3weight/age), stunting (<P3length/age) and wasting (<P3body mass index/age) were calculated using INTERGROWTH-21st standards...
May 31, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Paulo Sérgio Lucas da Silva, Marcelo Cunio Machado Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: While studies have focused on early readmissions or readmissions during the same hospitalization in a pediatric intensive care unit, little is known about the children with recurrent admissions. We sought to assess the characteristics of patients readmitted within 1 year in a Brazilian pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: This was a retrospective study carried out in a tertiary pediatric intensive care unit. The outcome was the maximum number of readmissions experienced by each child within any 365-day interval during a 5-year follow-up period...
May 30, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Gilda Porta, Elisa de Carvalho, Jorge L Santos, Jorge Gama, Cristian V Borges, Renata B P M Seixas, Alexandre R Ferreira, Irene K Miura, Themis R Silveira, Luciana R Silva, Eleonora D T Fagundes, Maria A Bellomo-Brandao, Regina Sawamura, Sandra M Vieira, Melina U Melere, Cibele D F Marques, Renata P Pugliese, Vera L Danesi, Adriana Porta, Marise E Marsillac, Marcia A Valladares, Daniela G Menezes, Carlos Kieling, Mariana N de Paula, Juliana R Vasconcelos, Cristina T Ferreira, Nilza Perin, Leonardo R Resende, Jussara Maia, Adriana M A De Tommaso, Gabriel Hessel
OBJECTIVE: This large study with a long-term follow-up aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, histological profile, treatments, and outcomes of children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: The medical records of 828 children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis were reviewed. A questionnaire was used to collect anonymous data on clinical presentation, biochemical and histological findings, and treatments. RESULTS: Of all patients, 89...
May 30, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Jociene Terra da Penha, Fernanda Mussi Gazolla, Cecília Noronha de Miranda Carvalho, Isabel Rey Madeira, Flávio Rodrigues-Júnior, Elisabeth de Amorim Machado, Fernando Lencastre Sicuro, Paulo Farinatti, Eliete Bouskela, Paulo Ferrez Collett-Solberg
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity is increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is endothelial dysfunction in children with normal or excess weight, and whether the metabolic profile, adipokines, and endothelial dysfunction would be more strongly associated with physical fitness or with physical activity levels. METHOD: Cross-sectional study involving children aged 5-12 years. The evaluation included venous occlusion plethysmography, serum levels of adiponectin, leptin and insulin, lipid profile, physical activity score (PAQ-C questionnaire), and physical fitness evaluation (Yo-Yo test)...
May 30, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Manoel Antonio da Silva Ribeiro, Humberto Holmer Fiori, Jorge Hecker Luz, Pedro Celiny Ramos Garcia, Renato Machado Fiori
OBJECTIVE: The stable microbubble test on gastric aspirate and on amniotic fluid has been used for the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn. However, no study has performed this test on oral aspirates from premature infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the stable microbubble test on oral aspirates from preterm newborns to predict respiratory distress syndrome. METHOD: This study included infants with gestational age <34 weeks...
May 30, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Mireia Adelantado-Renau, Ana Diez-Fernandez, Maria Reyes Beltran-Valls, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Diego Moliner-Urdiales
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to analyze the association of sleep patterns with academic and cognitive performance in adolescents, and to test the potential mediating effect of different activities of screen media usage on this association. METHODS: A sample of 269 adolescents (140 boys) aged 14 years from the baseline data of the Deporte, ADOlescencia y Salud study completed questionnaires about sleep quality, cognitive performance, and leisure-time sedentary behaviors...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
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