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Jornal de Pediatria

Prasad Devarajan, Rajit K Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Catarina Maia, Ana Raquel Moreira, Tânia Lopes, Cecília Martins
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the first episode of unprovoked epileptic seizure in children and assess recurrence risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study, based on the analysis of medical records of patients admitted between 2003 and 2014, with first epileptic seizure, at the pediatric service of a secondary hospital. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program. RESULTS: Of the 103 patients, 52...
October 7, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Jessie Nallely Zurita-Cruz, Elisa Nishimura-Meguro, Miguel Angel Villasís-Keever, Maria Elena Hernández-Méndez, Eulalia Garrido-Magaña, Aleida De Jesús Rivera-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: In prepubertal type 1 diabetic patients (DM1), the availability of an informal primary caregiver (ICP) is critical to making management decisions; in this study, the ICP-related risk factors associated with glycemic control were identified. PATIENTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was performed. Fifty-five patients with DM1 under the age of 11 years were included. The patient-related factors associated with glycemic control evaluated were physical activity, DM1 time of evolution, and adherence to medical indications...
October 4, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Fabio Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Mariana Nadal Cardoso, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Gregory Jaeger, Marion Burger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with death due to bloodstream infection caused by Candida spp. in pediatric patients and evaluate the resistance to the main anti-fungal used in clinical practice. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with retrospective collection that included 65 hospitalized pediatric patients with bloodstream infection by Candida spp. A univariate analysis was performed to estimate the association between the characteristics of the candidemia patients and death...
October 3, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Alicia Carissimi, Ana Adan, Lorenzo Tonetti, Marco Fabbri, Maria Paz Loayza Hidalgo, Rosa Maria Levandovski, Vincenzo Natale, Monica Martoni
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between physical self-efficacy and body mass index in a large sample of schoolchildren. METHODS: The Perceived Physical Ability Scale for Children (PPASC) was administered to 1560 children (50.4% boys; 8-12 years) from three different countries. Weight and height were also recorded to obtain the body mass index. RESULTS: In agreement with the literature, the boys reported greater perceived physical self-efficacy than girls...
October 3, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Heli V Brandão, Graciete O Vieira, Tatiana O Vieira, Álvaro A Cruz, Armênio C Guimarães, Carlos Teles, Paulo Camargos, Constança M S Cruz
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the occurrence of acute viral bronchiolitis in the first year of life constitutes a risk factor for asthma at age 6 considering a parental history of asthma. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a cohort of live births. A standardized questionnaire of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood was applied to the mothers to identify asthma in children at the age of 6 years. Acute viral bronchiolitis diagnosis was performed by maternal report of a medical diagnosis and/or presence of symptoms of coryza accompanied by cough, tachypnea, and dyspnea when participants were 3, 6, 9, and 12 months...
September 22, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Dafne B C A Gomez, Suely A Vidal, Luciana C S Lima
OBJECTIVES: Considering the lack of questionnaires that propose to evaluate parental satisfaction with the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Brazil, this study aimed to carry out the translation of the EMPATHIC-N questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese, the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of its contents. METHOD: The translation and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire was carried out according to the protocol established by the Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation Group of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) in 2005...
August 24, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Taliha Oner, Rahmi Ozdemir, Dildar Bahar Genc, Mehmet Kucuk, Cem Karadeniz, Savas Demirpence, Murat Muhtar Yilmazer, Timur Mese, Vedide Tavli, Ferah Genel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to define the predictors of chronic carditis in patients with acute rheumatic carditis (ARC). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ARC between May 2010 and May 2011 were included in the study. Echocardiography, electrocardiography, lymphocyte subset analysis, acute phase reactants, plasma albumin levels, and antistreptolysin-O (ASO) tests were performed at initial presentation. The echocardiographic assessments were repeated at the sixth month of follow-up...
August 20, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Caroline Cristina Anzolin, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Edner Fernando Zanuto, Suziane Ungari Cayres, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Paulo Costa Junior, Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of different cutoff points of body mass index for predicting overweight/obesity according to body fat values estimated by DEXA among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 229 male adolescents aged 10-15 years, in which body adiposity and anthropometric measures were assessed. Nutritional status was classified by BMI according to cutoff points described in scientific literature. RESULTS: Moderate agreements were observed between body fat estimated by DEXA and cutoffs proposed by Cole et al...
August 17, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Douglas de Sousa Soares, Malena Gadelha Cavalcante, Samille Maria Vasconcelos Ribeiro, Rayana Café Leitão, Ana Patrícia Freitas Vieira, Roberto da Justa Pires Neto, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior, Elizabeth de Francesco Daher
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical and laboratory data, and acute kidney injury (AKI) in HIV-infected children using and not using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) prior to admission. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with HIV-infected pediatric patients (<16 years). Children who were using and not using HAART prior to admission were compared. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were included. Mean age was 5.3±4.27 years; 55...
August 16, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Vitor Hugo Teixeira, Pedro Moreira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Imen Hadjkacem, Héla Ayadi, Mariem Turki, Sourour Yaich, Khaoula Khemekhem, Adel Walha, Leila Cherif, Yousr Moalla, Farhat Ghribi
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal, perinatal and postnatal risk factors in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by comparing them to their siblings without autistic disorders. METHOD: The present study is cross sectional and comparative. It was conducted over a period of three months (July-September 2014). It included 101 children: 50 ASD's children diagnosed according to DSM-5 criteria and 51 unaffected siblings. The severity of ASD was assessed by the CARS...
August 12, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Waldemar A Carlo, Colm P Travers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Muana H P Passos, Hítalo A Silva, Ana C R Pitangui, Valéria M A Oliveira, Alaine Souza Lima, Rodrigo C Araújo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. METHODS: 309 adolescents, subdivided into a sample of 209 subjects, of whom 25 were reassessed, and another sample of 100 adolescents. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's α-values, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), Standard Error of Measure (SEM), Minimum Detectable Change (MDC), and Bland-Altman plotting. Exploratory analysis of the questionnaire components was performed based on the sample of 209 adolescents...
August 9, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Rafael Machado Mantovani, Natália Pessoa Rocha, Daniel Massote Magalhães, Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has been associated with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to compare plasma levels of traditional metabolic markers, adipokines and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (sTNFR1) in overweight, obese and lean children. We also assessed the relationships of these molecules with classical metabolic risk factors. METHODS: This study included 104 children and adolescents, which were grouped as: lean (n=24), overweight (n=30), and obese subjects (n=50)...
August 6, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Jaqueline Dario Capobiango, Thaís Cabral Monica, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Italmar Teodorico Navarro, João Luis Garcia, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Western blotting method for the detection of IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) (IgG-WB) in the serum of children with suspected congenital toxoplasmosis. METHODS: We accompanied 47 mothers with acquired toxoplasmosis in pregnancy and their children, between June of 2011 and June of 2014. The IgG-WB was done in house and the test was considered positive if the child had antibodies that recognized at least one band on IgG blots different from the mother's or with greater intensity than the corresponding maternal band, during the first three months of life...
August 6, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Marco Aurélio de Valois Correia Junior, Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, José Angelo Rizzo, Silvia Wanick Sarinho
OBJECTIVE: To estimate asthma prevalence, severity, and associated factors in adolescents who live in a low relative humidity environment. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, adolescents aged 13-14 years from the city of Petrolina located in the Brazilian semiarid region answered the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. The possible explanatory variables of the study were gender, family income, mother's education, smokers in the household, parental history of asthma, personal history of allergic rhinitis or atopic dermatitis, and physical activity level...
August 5, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Rosalia Daniela Medeiros da Silva, Silvia Carréra Austregésilo, Lucas Ithamar, Luciane Soares de Lima
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the available evidence regarding the efficacy of using therapeutic play on behavior and anxiety in children undergoing invasive procedures. DATA SOURCE: The systematic review search was performed in the MEDLINE, LILACS, CENTRAL and CINAHL databases. There was no limitation on the year or language. SYNTHESIS OF DATA: The literature search found 1892 articles and selected 22 for full reading. Eight articles were excluded, as they did not address the objectives assessed in this review...
July 30, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Scott B Halstead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Roya Kelishadi, Fahimeh Jamshidi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat, Gelayol Ardalan, Silva Hovsepian
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the role of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the hypertriglyceridemic-waist (HW) phenotype in determining cardiometabolic risk factors and elevated liver enzymes in a national sample of Iranian pediatric population. METHOD: This nationwide study was conducted in the framework of the third survey of a surveillance program. Students, aged 10-18 years, were recruited from 27 provinces in Iran. The prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors was compared in students with and without HW and MetS...
September 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
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