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Jornal de Pediatria

Victoria Higgins, Khosrow Adeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Claudio Chiesa, Gian Marco Andreoli, Lucia Pacifico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Rafael de Oliveira Alvim, Divanei Zaniqueli, Felipe Silva Neves, Virgilia Oliveira Pani, Caroline Resende Martins, Marcos Alves de Souza Peçanha, Míriam Carmo Rodrigues Barbosa, Eliane Rodrigues de Faria, José Geraldo Mill
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of incorporating simple and low-cost tools into the pediatric clinical setting to provide screening for insulin resistance, the present study sought to investigate whether waist-to-height ratio is comparable to biochemical markers for the discrimination of insulin resistance in children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved students from nine public schools. In total, 296 children and adolescents of both sexes, aged 8-14 years, composed the sample...
May 7, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Vitor P Lopes, Robert M Malina, Rossana Gomez-Campos, Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Miguel de Arruda, Edilson Hobold
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the relationship between body mass index and physical fitness in a cross-sectional sample of Brazilian youth. METHODS: Participants were 3849 adolescents (2027 girls) aged 10-17 years. Weight and height were measured; body mass index was calculated. Physical fitness was evaluated with a multistage 20m shuttle run (cardiovascular endurance), standing long jump (power), and push-ups (upper body strength). Participants were grouped by sex into four age groups: 10-11, 12-13, 14-15, and 16-17 years...
May 5, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Jorge E Correa-Bautista, Jordi Olloquequi, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between health-related physical fitness and weight status in 13- to 15-year-old Latino adolescents. METHOD: The final sample consisted of 73,561 adolescents aged 13-15 years (35,175 girls) from Chile (n=48,771) and Colombia (n=24,790). Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness were measured using 20-m shuttle run (relative peak oxygen uptake - VO2peak ) and standing broad jump test (lower body explosive strength), respectively...
May 5, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Ulas Emre Akbulut, Hamdi Cihan Emeksiz, Senol Citli, Hamdi Cihan Emeksiz, Hatice Ayca Ata Korkmaz, Gaye Baki
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children has risen significantly, owing to the worldwide childhood obesity epidemic in the last two decades. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is closely linked to sedentary lifestyle, increased body mass index, and visceral adiposity. In addition, individual genetic variations also have a role in the development and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the gene polymorphisms of MCP-1 (-2518 A/G) (rs1024611), CCR-2 (190 G/A) (rs1799864), ABCA1 (883 G/A) (rs4149313), and IL-17A (-197 G/A) (rs2275913) in obese Turkish children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
May 4, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Cristiane Kopacek, Mayara J Prado, Claudia M D da Silva, Simone M de Castro, Luciana A Beltrão, Paula R Vargas, Tarciana Grandi, Maria L R Rossetti, Poli Mara Spritzer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results obtained in a neonatal screening program after its implementation and to assess the clinical and molecular profiles of confirmed and suspicious congenital adrenal hyperplasia cases. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Newborns with suspected disease due to high 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels and adjusted for birth weight were selected. Classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (salt-wasting and simple virilizing forms) was diagnosed by an increase in 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels as confirmed in the retest, clinical evaluation, and genotype determined by SNaPshot and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification...
April 28, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Rommel L R Novais, Ana Carolina C Café, Aisha A Morais, Wendell C Bila, Gilson D da S Santos, Carlos Alexandre de O Lopes, Vinícius S Belo, Márcia Christina C Romano, Joel A Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To associate intra-abdominal fat thickness measured by ultrasonography to the factors related to metabolic syndrome and to determine cutoff points of intra-abdominal fat measurement associated with a greater chance of metabolic syndrome in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, with 423 adolescents from public schools. Intra-abdominal fat was measured by ultrasonography. Anthropometric data were collected, and biochemical analyses were performed...
April 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Luciana A Heidemann, Renato S Procianoy, Rita C Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome-like symptoms in a population of preterm infants with very low birth weight (<1500g) at 2 years of corrected age and identify the occurrence of associated risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study during a five-year period, including preterm infants born with very low birth weight evaluated at 2 years of corrected age. Metabolic syndrome-like symptoms was defined by the presence of three or more of these criteria: abdominal circumference≥90th percentile, fasting blood glucose≥100mg/dL, triglycerides≥110mg/dL, HDL cholesterol≤40mg/dL, and blood pressure≥90th percentile...
April 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Simone Sudbrack, Fernanda P Barbosa, Rita Mattiello, Linda Booij, Geovana R Estorgato, Moisés S Dutra, Fabiana D de Assunção, Magda L Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Environment Assessment questionnaire (Inventaire du Milieu Familial). METHODS: The validation process was carried out in two stages. First, translation and back-translation were performed, and in the second phase, the questionnaire was applied in 72 families of children between 0 and 24 months for the validation process. The tool consists of the following domains: mother's communication ability; behavior; organization of the physical and temporal environment; collection/quantity of toys; maternal attitude of constant attention toward her baby; diversification of stimuli; baby's behavior...
April 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Ana Paula Brigatto Simões Golucci, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, Mariana Freitas Fedato Valente, Maira Migliari Branco, Camila Carbone Prado, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus infection can result in the early impairment of anthropometric indicators in children and adolescents. However, combined antiretroviral therapy has improved, in addition to the immune response and viral infection, the weight and height development in infected individuals. Therefore, the objective was to evaluate the effect of combined antiretroviral on the growth development of human immunodeficiency virus infected children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A systematic review was performed...
April 13, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Laércio Marques da Luz Neto, Flávia Maria Nassar de Vasconcelos, Jacqueline Elineuza da Silva, Tiago Coimbra Costa Pinto, Éverton Botelho Sougey, Rosana Christine Cavalcanti Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature for scientific evidence of possible differences in cortisol concentrations in adolescents with eating disorders. SOURCE OF DATA: Electronic searches were conducting in the PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Virtual Health Library, and Science Direct databases for articles published between 2007 and 2017 using the keywords, cortisol, hydrocortisone; eating disorders, bulimia, bulimia nervosa, anorexia, anorexia nervosa; adolescence, adolescent, adolescents...
April 11, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Regina Célia de Menezes Succi
OBJECTIVE: Opposition to vaccines is not a new event, and appeared soon after the introduction of the smallpox vaccine in the late 18th century. The purpose of this review is to educate healthcare professionals about vaccine hesitancy and refusal, its causes and consequences, and make suggestions to address this challenge. SOURCE OF DATA: A comprehensive and non-systematic search was carried out in the PubMed, LILACS, and ScieLo databases from 1980 to the present day, using the terms "vaccine refusal," "vaccine hesitancy," and "vaccine confidence...
April 11, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Arthur I Eidelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Yvan Vandenplas, Thierry Devreker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Juliana Y Valente, Tais Moreira, Maristela Ferigolo, Helena M T Barros
OBJECTIVES: Programs for parents have been found to have a direct positive impact on reducing the consumption of psychoactive substances by adolescents, as well as having an indirect impact on reducing risk factors and increasing protective factors. The present study aimed to verify if a telehealth prevention program based on a brief motivational intervention helps to reduce parental risk practices and increase parental protective practices for drug use in comparison with psychoeducation...
March 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Elisabete P Silva, Andrea Lemos, Carlos H S Andrade, Ana B Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of intimate partner violence during the gestational period and the development of externalizing and internalizing behavioral problems in children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies was performed, using studies selected from electronic databases. Eligible studies included women who experienced intimate partner violence during pregnancy and their children's behavioral problems...
March 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Isabel Nascimento Dos Santos, Jorginete de Jesus Damião, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Cláudia Dos Santos Cople-Rodrigues, Odaleia Barbosa de Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between food insecurity (IA) and social support in families of children with sickle-cell disease (DF). METHODS: This cross-sectional study in families of 190 children from five to nine years old in follow-up at a hematology referral hospital in Rio de Janeiro State. IA was measured using the Brazilian food insecurity scale and social support was measured using the Brazilian version of the MOS social support survey instrument...
March 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Debora Rodrigues Jozala, Isabelle Stefan de Faria Oliveira, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan, Wilson Elias de Oliveira Junior, Giovana Tuccille Comes, Vanessa Mello Granado Cassettari, Mariella Marie Self, Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção
OBJECTIVE: To translate and culturally adapt the modified Bristol Stool Form Scale for children into Brazilian Portuguese, and to evaluate the reproducibility of the translated version. METHODS: The stage of translation and cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to an internationally accepted methodology, including the translation, back-translation, and pretest application of the translated version to a sample of 74 children to evaluate the degree of understanding...
March 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Natalia P Rocha, Fernando M Bastos, Érica L M Vieira, Thiago R R Prestes, Katia D da Silveira, Mauro M Teixeira, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva
OBJECTIVE: Posterior urethral valve is the most common lower urinary tract obstruction in male children. A high percentage of patients with posterior urethral valve evolve to end-stage renal disease. Previous studies showed that cytokines, chemokines, and components of the renin-angiotensin system contribute to the renal damage in obstructive uropathies. The authors recently found that urine samples from fetuses with posterior urethral valve have increased levels of inflammatory molecules...
March 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
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