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Journal of Counseling Psychology

James F Boswell, Matteo Bugatti
Recent work has highlighted that process-outcome relationships are likely to vary depending on the client, yet there is little direct evidence regarding specific intervention effects in individual clients. This study attempted to address the hypothesis that some clients reveal more than others regarding the impact of specific interventions. Intensive case study analyses were applied to 2 clients with principal major depressive disorder and comorbid anxiety disorders receiving transdiagnostic psychotherapy. Clients completed a battery of symptom and psychological assessments of mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal use, and emotion avoidance on many occasions throughout treatment...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Shufang Sun, William T Hoyt, Dustin Brockberg, Jaime Lam, Dhriti Tiwari
Psychological services are culturally encapsulated for dominant cultural groups, and racial minorities underutilize treatment even though they suffer from more severe psychological distress. Sociocultural factors such as acculturation (one's adaptation into mainstream group) and enculturation (one's adherence to culture of heritage) are hypothesized to affect minorities' attitudes toward seeking psychological services. This meta-analysis examined 3 methods to assess acculturation/enculturation-unidimensional acculturation, bidimensional acculturation, and bidimensional enculturation as predictors of help-seeking attitudes (HSAs)-both positive and negative attitudes-among racial and ethnic minorities in 207 samples drawn from 111 research reports...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Wenzhen Zhu, Chiachih Dc Wang, Chu Chian Chong
In the current study, we tested a moderated mediation model in which cultural orientation moderated the mediation model of adult attachment-perceived social support-depressive symptoms, using 2 comparable cross-cultural samples of college students recruited from China and the U.S. (n = 363 for each group). Results indicated that perceived social support mediated the effect of attachment anxiety on depressive symptoms as well as the link between attachment avoidance and depression in both samples. Moderated mediation analyses using PROCESS revealed that interdependent self-construal significantly buffered the indirect effect of attachment avoidance (via perceived social support) on depressive symptoms...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Cindy W Mikeal, J Arthur Gillaspy, Michael T Scoles, John J Murphy
The current study used a dismantling design to investigate the relative efficacy of components of the Partners for Change Outcome Management System (PCOMS; Duncan, 2012). Clients (n = 94) from a university counseling center were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: PCOMS Full, Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)-only, or Session Rating Scale (SRS)-only and nested within therapists (n = 12). Results from hierarchical linear modeling and a 2-way analysis of variance indicated no statistically significant differences in outcome or rate of change on the Behavior Symptom Checklist-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) across all 3 conditions...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Laurel B Watson, Cirleen DeBlaere, Kimberly J Langrehr, David G Zelaya, Mirella J Flores
In this study, we examined the relations between multiple forms of oppressive experiences (i.e., racism, sexism, and sexual objectification) and trauma symptoms among Women of Color (WOC). In addition, self-esteem was explored as a partial mediating variable in these links, and ethnic identity strength was proposed to buffer the negative relationship between multiple forms of oppression and self-esteem, and the positive relationship between oppressive experiences and trauma symptoms. Results suggested that self-esteem partially mediated the positive relationship between racist experiences and trauma symptoms, such that racism was related to lower self-esteem, which was then related to more trauma symptoms...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Ivana Lizdek, Erik Woody, Pamela Sadler, Uzma S Rehman
We investigated how depressive symptoms in husbands and wives may affect patterns of interpersonal behavior during marital conflict discussions. Using the Continuous Assessment of Interpersonal Dynamics (CAID) approach, observers rated moment-to-moment levels of dominance and affiliation for each partner, from which dynamic indices were derived, including the slopes for each partner and the degree of rhythmic entrainment between partners. Results supported predictions that the wife's depressive symptoms would be related to alterations in the dynamics of dominance, whereas the husband's depressive symptoms would be related to alterations in the dynamics of affiliation...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Ronald F Levant, Rosalie J Hall, Ingrid K Weigold, Eric R McCurdy
The construct validity of the Male Role Norms Inventory-Short Form (MRNI-SF) was assessed using a latent variable approach implemented with structural equation modeling (SEM). The MRNI-SF was specified as having a bifactor structure, and validation scales were also specified as latent variables. The latent variable approach had the advantages of separating effects of general and specific factors and controlling for some sources of measurement error. Data (N = 484) were from a diverse sample (38.8% men of color, 22...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Alexander J Colbow, Erin Cannella, Walter Vispoel, Carrie A Morris, Charles Cederberg, Mandy Conrad, Alexander J Rice, William M Liu
Despite increasing interest in social class issues within psychology, there are a limited number of theoretically rooted instruments to measure subjective social class, particularly related to classism. The purpose of this project was to create a brief, psychometrically sound, and theoretically grounded instrument, called the Classism Attitudinal Profile (CAP), designed to measure 2 aspects of classism (downward and upward) defined in Liu's (2011) Social Class World View Model Revised (SCWM-R). Data from 2 independent samples (n = 608, n = 199) provided evidence in support of the consistency (alpha and test-retest coefficients), anticipated factor structure, and convergent/discriminant validity of CAP subscale scores...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Ronald F Levant, Ryon C McDermott, Amber A Hewitt, Kathleen M Alto, Kyle T Harris
Confirmatory factor analysis of responses to the Male Role Norms Inventory-Adolescent-revised (MRNI-A-r) from 384 middle school students (163 boys, 221 girls) indicated that the best fit to the data was a bifactor model incorporating the hypothesized 3-factor structure while explicitly modeling an additional, general factor. Specifically, each item-level indicator loaded simultaneously on 2 factors: a general traditional masculinity ideology factor and a specific factor corresponding to 1 of the 3 hypothesized masculine norms for adolescents: Emotionally Detached Dominance, Toughness, and Avoidance of Femininity...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Michael L Morris
Vocational interests predict educational and career choices, job performance, and career success (Rounds & Su, 2014). Although sex differences in vocational interests have long been observed (Thorndike, 1911), an appropriate overall measure has been lacking from the literature. Using a cross-sectional sample of United States residents aged 14 to 63 who completed the Strong Interest Inventory assessment between 2005 and 2014 (N = 1,283,110), I examined sex, age, ethnicity, and year effects on work related interest levels using both multivariate and univariate effect size estimates of individual dimensions (Holland's Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional)...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Xu Li, Carol A Jauquet, Dennis M Kivlighan
OBJECTIVE: Using propositions from Kiesler (1988)'s model of therapeutic metacommunication, this study investigated the relationship between therapist metacommunication and subsequent client collaboration and how this relationship was moderated by timing, therapist control, and affiliation. Building on Curran and Bauer (2011)'s data disaggregation approach, we examined the interaction of timing, between-session therapist control and affiliation, and within-session (between speaking-turn) therapist metacommunication...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Reliability Generalization of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure-Revised (MEIM-R)" by Hayley M. Herrington, Timothy B. Smith, Erika Feinhauer and Derek Griner (Journal of Counseling Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Mar 17, 2016, np). The name of author Erika Feinauer was misspelled as Erika Feinhauer. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-13160-001.) Individuals' strength of ethnic identity has been linked with multiple positive indicators, including academic achievement and overall psychological well-being...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Gianluca Lo Coco, Salvatore Gullo, Carla Di Fratello, Cecilia Giordano, Dennis M Kivlighan
Groups are more effective when positive bonds are established and interpersonal conflicts resolved in early sessions and work is accomplished in later sessions. Previous research has provided mixed support for this group development model. We performed a test of this theoretical perspective using group members' (actors) and aggregated group members' (partners) perceptions of positive bonding, positive working, and negative group relationships measured early and late in interpersonal growth groups. Participants were 325 Italian graduate students randomly (within semester) assigned to 1 of 16 interpersonal growth groups...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Blake A Allan, Patton O Garriott, Chesleigh N Keene
The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of classism that may explain links between social class, first-generation college student status, and academic and well-being outcomes. Specifically, with a sample of 1,225 college students from a public university, we examined social class and first-generation status as predictors of institutionalized, citational, and interpersonal classism and classism as a predictor of life satisfaction, academic satisfaction, and grade point average (GPA). Partially supporting hypotheses, social class and first-generation status predicted institutionalized classism and interpersonal classism, and social class predicted citational classism...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Isabelle Rek, Ulrike Dinger
OBJECTIVE: Telephone emergency services (TES) play an important role in suicide prevention across different health care systems around the world. However, little is known about the telephone counselors who often volunteer to provide free and confidential help for people in emotional crises. The current study aims to examine the interpersonal values of volunteer counselor trainees and further investigates their personality traits, life satisfaction and expectations regarding their future counseling style...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Giorgio A Tasca, Angelo Compare, Cristina Zarbo, Agostino Brugnera
The therapeutic alliance in individual and group psychotherapy is associated with treatment outcomes for a variety of disorders. However, debate persists about the centrality of the alliance in determining positive outcomes. We examined the alliance-outcome relationship across 20 sessions of emotionally focused group therapy (EFGT) for binge-eating disorder (BED). We hypothesized that (1) previous session alliance increase will predict lower subsequent session binge eating level while controlling for previous session binge eating level; and (2) previous session binge eating decline will predict higher subsequent session alliance level while controlling previous session alliance level...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Omar Carlo Gioacchino Gelo, Sergio Salvatore
Notwithstanding the many methodological advances made in the field of psychotherapy research, at present a metatheoretical, school-independent framework to explain psychotherapy change processes taking into account their dynamic and complex nature is still lacking. Over the last years, several authors have suggested that a dynamic systems (DS) approach might provide such a framework. In the present paper, we review the main characteristics of a DS approach to psychotherapy. After an overview of the general principles of the DS approach, we describe the extent to which psychotherapy can be considered as a self-organizing open complex system, whose developmental change processes are described in terms of a dialectic dynamics between stability and change over time...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Harold Chui, Clara E Hill, Kathryn Kline, Patty Kuo, Jonathan J Mohr
Studies on therapist factors have mostly focused on therapist traits rather than states such as affect. Research related to therapist affect has often looked at therapist baseline well-being or therapist reactions, but not both. Fifteen therapists and 51 clients rated pre- and postsession affect, as well as postsession working alliance and session quality, for 1,172 sessions of individual psychotherapy at a community clinic. Therapists' affect became more positive when clients were initially positive and when clients became more positive over the session, and became more negative when clients were initially negative and when clients became more negative over the session...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Hung-Bin Sheu, Araceli Mejia, Marybeth Rigali-Oiler, Dominic R Primé, Shiqin Stephanie Chong
Data of 306 Caucasian American, 284 Asian American, and 259 Latino/a American college students were analyzed in this study to test a modified version of Lent and Brown's (2006, 2008) satisfaction model in the academic context. In addition to the full set of variables hypothesized in the original model, the modified academic satisfaction model also included independent and interdependent self-construals to represent one's cultural orientations. Comparisons between the hypothesized model and 2 alternative models showed that direct paths from extraversion and emotional stability added significantly to the predictions of academic satisfaction and life satisfaction for all 3 racial/ethnic groups while those from independent and interdependent self-construals also had the same effects for Latino/a American students...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Helene A Nissen-Lie, Simon B Goldberg, William T Hoyt, Fredrik Falkenström, Rolf Holmqvist, Stevan Lars Nielsen, Bruce E Wampold
As established in several studies, therapists differ in effectiveness. A vital research task now is to understand what characterizes more or less effective therapists, and investigate whether this differential effectiveness systematically depends on client factors, such as the type of mental health problem. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether therapists are universally effective across patient outcome domains reflecting different areas of mental health functioning. Data were obtained from 2 sites: the Research Consortium of Counseling and Psychological Services in Higher Education (N = 5,828) in the United States and from primary and secondary care units (N = 616) in Sweden...
July 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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