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Journal of Counseling Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30489107/examining-therapist-effects-in-relation-to-clients-race-ethnicity-and-gender-an-intersectionality-approach
#1
D Martin Kivlighan, Isaac W Hooley, Maria G Bruno, Lanaya L Ethington, Paula M Keeton, Barry A Schreier
Women and Men of Color experience racism in unique and complex ways, just as White Women and Women of Color experience unique forms of sexism (i.e., gendered racism). Traditional analyses of therapists' cultural competence, broadly defined, have yet to examine the effect of intersectionality on the processes and outcomes of psychotherapy. Although previous research suggests that therapists differ in their effectiveness with Racial-Ethnic Minority (REM) clients, no study has examined therapist effects in terms of the intersectionality of clients' race-ethnicity and gender...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30489106/clients-emotional-instability-and-therapists-inferential-flexibility-predict-therapists-session-by-session-empathic-accuracy
#2
Gal Lazarus, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Eshkol Rafaeli
Clients' emotions often serve as a major focus for therapists' attention. Interestingly, little is known about the factors that facilitate or hinder therapists' accurate assessment of these emotions. We hypothesized that therapists' accuracy would be negatively tied to their clients' emotional fluctuation (i.e., instability) and positively tied to the therapists' own inferential fluctuation (i.e., flexibility) as well as to the clients' emotional intensity. Clients ( N = 98/ N = 76) received weekly psychodynamic psychotherapy at a university-based clinic...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30489105/different-strokes-for-different-folks-examining-additive-and-complimentary-effects-of-the-advisory-working-alliance-and-research-team-cohesion-on-trainees-research-outcomes
#3
D Martin Kivlighan, Rayna C Narvaez, Walter Carter
A primary task of scientific and scientist-practitioner training programs is to assist graduate students in acquiring research skills and, ultimately, developing research and scientific acumen. Informed by Gelso's (1979) model of effective research training environments (RTEs), we assessed the effect of the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion on trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity. With a sample of 76 counseling psychology doctoral trainees nested within 34 advisors, we examined the association between the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion and trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321016/reducing-threat-responses-to-help-seeking-information-influences-of-self-affirmations-and-reassuring-information
#4
Daniel G Lannin, David L Vogel, Max Guyll, Andrew J Seidman
This research was an examination of the effects of two types of self-affirmation interventions in reducing threat responses associated with receiving help-seeking information. Help-seeking information can be threatening to one's positive self-perceptions and people may avoid seeking such information to protect themselves. There is evidence that reflecting on personal values (values affirmation) may bolster self-integrity and mitigate this avoidance, and it is possible that reflecting on safe, close social relationships (social affirmation) could exhibit similar effects...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299124/secrets-in-psychotherapy-for-better-or-worse
#5
Ellen C Marks, Clara E Hill, Dennis M Kivlighan
We investigated how concealment and disclosure of secrets, two related but distinct processes, unfolded over the course of open-ended therapy for 39 clients and 9 therapists, using hierarchical linear modeling to identify longitudinal patterns and investigate relationships with working alliance and session quality. Results indicated that over the course of therapy, 85% of clients disclosed at least one secret and 41% concealed at least one secret, with 18% of sessions including a disclosure and 4% of sessions including concealment...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299123/a-qualitative-study-of-racial-minority-single-mothers-work-experiences
#6
Julianne Y Richard, Hang-Shim Lee
There are approximately 12 million single parent-headed families in the United States (U.S.), 80% of which are headed by single mothers (United States Census Bureau, 2017). Research suggests that single mothers experience more vocational difficulties than married or partnered mothers (Weitoft, Haglund, & Rosén, 2000), especially working single mothers. This study explored the work experiences of racial minority working single mothers at lower-middle income level using a consensual qualitative research method (Hill et al...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284847/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-brief-form-of-the-normative-male-alexithymia-scale-nmas-bf
#7
Ronald F Levant, Mike C Parent
The current study extended prior work on the Normative Male Alexithymia Scale (NMAS), a unidimensional measure of some men's limitations in expressing emotion that results from gender-based socialization informed by the masculine norm of restrictive emotionality (RE). Data ( N = 505 men) were from Amazon Mechanical Turk participants. First, dimensionality was reassessed using exploratory factor analysis, which supported the unidimensional structure. Second, based on these results, three 6-item models of the NMAS-Brief Form (NMAS-BF) were developed, based on classical test theory (CTT), CTT optimized to avoid item redundancy, and item response theory (IRT)...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284846/testing-intersectionality-of-race-ethnicity-%C3%A3-gender-in-a-social-cognitive-career-theory-model-with-science-identity
#8
Angela Byars-Winston, Jenna Griebel Rogers
Using social-cognitive career theory, we identified the experiential sources of learning that contribute to research self-efficacy beliefs, outcome expectations, and science identity for culturally diverse undergraduate students in science, technology, engineering, and math (i.e., STEM) majors. We examined group differences by race/ethnicity and gender to investigate potential cultural variations in a model to explain students' research career intentions. Using a sample of 688 undergraduate students, we ran a series of path models testing the relationships between the experiential sources, research self-efficacy beliefs, outcome expectations, and science identity to research career intentions...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30421952/development-of-the-self-forgiveness-dual-process-scale
#9
Brandon J Griffin, Everett L Worthington, Don E Davis, Joshua N Hook, Shira Maguen
Progress in the scientific study of self-forgiveness reveals a need for (a) integration of the extant self-forgiveness literature with general psychological theory, (b) development of measures that reflect nuanced conceptualizations of self-forgiveness, (c) better understanding of the impact of self-forgiveness on personal and interpersonal functioning, and (d) development of evidence-based clinical applications of self-forgiveness. Accordingly, we conceptualized self-forgiveness within the framework of Social Cognitive Theory and developed the Self-Forgiveness Dual-Process Scale to assess value reorientation (VRO) and esteem restoration (ERS) following perceived interpersonal offense...
November 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070562/experiences-of-transmasculine-spectrum-people-who-report-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-qualitative-investigation
#10
Kasey Jackman, Brittany Edgar, Amanda Ling, Judy Honig, Walter Bockting
Transgender populations experience mental and physical health disparities compared to nontransgender populations, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Guided by the minority stress theory and Nock's model of NSSI, this study explored perspectives of transmasculine spectrum people (i.e., people with a gender identity that is man, male, transgender man, genderqueer, or nonbinary and who were assigned female at birth) who engage in NSSI. Qualitative interviews were conducted with transmasculine spectrum people ( N = 18) who reported a history of NSSI...
October 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211566/work-and-well-being-in-tgnc-adults-the-moderating-effect-of-workplace-protections
#11
Elliot A Tebbe, Blake A Allan, Haley L Bell
The present study used a psychology of working theory (PWT) framework to test the direct and indirect relations of perceived social status and transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) marginalization (i.e., victimization, nonaffirmation of gender identity, negative expectations for the future) with work volition, overqualification, and vocational and emotional well-being outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, meaningful work, satisfaction with life, depression) in a sample of 175 TGNC working adults. This study also tested the moderating effect of one form of structural marginalization (lack of legal protections from employment discrimination) on the overall pattern of results...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160494/the-development-and-validation-of-the-contemporary-critical-consciousness-measure-ii
#12
Richard Q Shin, Lance C Smith, Yun Lu, Jamie C Welch, Rajni Sharma, Collin N Vernay, Stephanie Yee
Critical consciousness (CC) has been heralded as an antidote to oppression. Developed by the Brazilian educator, Paulo Freire, CC represents the process by which individuals gain awareness of societal inequities and subsequently take action to dismantle the systems and institutions that sustain them. Empirically supported instruments intended to assess this important construct have only been recently introduced to the literature and have focused specifically on racism, classism, and heterosexism. The purpose of this project was to develop a psychometrically sound measure of CC that expands assessment into sexism, cissexism (genderism/transphobia), and ableism...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113180/the-effects-of-routine-outcome-monitoring-rom-on-therapy-outcomes-in-the-course-of-an-implementation-process-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Heidi Brattland, John Morten Koksvik, Olav Burkeland, Rolf Wilhelm Gråwe, Christian Klöckner, Olav Morten Linaker, Truls Ryum, Bruce Wampold, Mariela Loreto Lara-Cabrera, Valentina Cabral Iversen
This study investigated the effects of the Partners for Change Outcome Management System (PCOMS) in adult outpatient treatment at a hospital-based mental health clinic. It also investigated whether the effects differed with the timing of the treatment within a 4-year implementation period, with clients' initial distress levels, and between therapists. Adult clients (N = 170) were randomized to treatment as usual (TAU) or routine outcome monitoring (ROM). Twenty therapists provided therapy in both conditions...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091623/practice-recommendations-for-addressing-racism-a-content-analysis-of-the-counseling-psychology-literature
#14
Matthew J Miller, Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Christina J Thai, Yun Lu, Nancy N Truong, Gloria A Huh, Xu Li, Jeffrey G Yeung, Lydia HaRim Ahn
Although racism persists as a significant public health issue that adversely impacts the mental health of people of color (U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, 2001), there has been very little systematic guidance for mental health professionals to address racism through practice (S. Harrell, 2000). Therefore, we conducted a content analysis of the peer reviewed counseling psychology literature-the first of its kind-to provide a summary and critique of the extant practice recommendations and facilitate the development and enhancement of practice efforts aimed at addressing racism...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091622/therapist-client-agreement-about-their-working-alliance-associations-with-attachment-styles
#15
Seini O'Connor, Dennis M Kivlighan, Clara E Hill, Charles J Gelso
Recent research on attachment in therapy indicates that therapist attachment style is related to therapists' agreement with their clients on the quality of their working alliance (WA; Kivlighan & Marmarosh, 2016). This study builds on these findings by examining how both the therapist's and the client's attachment style may be related to their agreement on the WA. The authors expected that less anxious and less avoidant clients working with less anxious and less avoidant therapists would have higher WA agreement...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091621/social-cognitive-predictors-of-career-exploration-and-decision-making-longitudinal-test-of-the-career-self-management-model
#16
Robert W Lent, Taylor R Morris, Lee T Penn, Glenn W Ireland
We tested the social-cognitive model of career self-management (Lent & Brown, 2013) using a longitudinal design. Participants were 420 college students who completed measures of career exploration and decision-making self-efficacy, outcome expectations, social support, goals, and actions, along with trait conscientiousness, at 2 time points roughly 4 months apart, near the beginning and middle of an academic year. They also reported their level of career decidedness and decisional anxiety at both of these time points as well as near the end of the academic year (about 3 months after the 2nd assessment)...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070561/toward-a-nuanced-understanding-of-nondisclosure-in-psychotherapy-supervision
#17
Andrew S Gibson, Michael V Ellis, Myrna L Friedlander
Previous research indicates that trainees often withhold important information related to their clients' progress and their reactions to supervision. Moreover, factors associated with the occurrence of supervisee nondisclosure (SND) are not well established. As one of the few studies to compare clinically related with supervision-related nondisclosure, we tested the relation of these two dimensions of the construct, as measured by Siembor and Ellis's (2012) Supervisee Nondisclosure Scales, to three important process variables: perceptions of (a) the supervisory alliance, as measured by Bahrick's (1989) Working Alliance Inventory-Trainee; (b) collaborative supervision, as measured by Rousmaniere and Ellis's (2013) Collaborative Supervision Behavior Scale; and (c) explicitly relational supervisor behaviors, as measured by Shaffer and Friedlander's (2017) Relational Behavior Scale...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058829/client-feedback-in-china-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-a-college-counseling-center
#18
Zhuang She, Barry L Duncan, Robert J Reese, Qiwu Sun, Yanwei Shi, Guangrong Jiang, Caizhi Wu, Alyssa L Clements
Although client feedback has been demonstrated to improve psychotherapy outcomes in over a dozen randomized clinical trials, no studies to date have investigated the feedback effect outside of the United States or Europe. This study examined the impact of a client feedback intervention, the Partners for Change Outcome Management System, in a college counseling center in Wuhan, China ( N = 186). Using a randomized design within routine care, treatment as usual (TAU; n = 85) was compared with a feedback condition ( n = 101) in which therapists had access to client-generated outcome and alliance information at each session...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058828/illustrating-novel-techniques-for-analyzing-single-case-experiments-effects-of-pre-session-mindfulness-practice
#19
Marianne Stone, Myrna L Friedlander, Mariola Moeyaert
In this article we describe and illustrate various visual and nonparametric techniques that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions in single-case experiments. Using an alternating treatments design across 2 cases, we tested whether practicing mindfulness would help a novice therapist stay focused and respond to a client more empathically and genuinely. Specifically, after taking a brief workshop on mindfulness, one male and one female doctoral trainee were asked, immediately before beginning each of 10 sessions, either to engage in a guided mindfulness practice for three minutes or a control activity of their choice...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058827/gendered-racial-microaggressions-scale-for-asian-american-women-development-and-initial-validation
#20
Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Jennifer L Brady, Rajni Sharma, Yun Lu, Young Hwa Kim, Christina J Thai
Asian American women's (AAW's) mental health issues have received growing public attention; recent statistics suggest alarmingly high suicide rates among AAW. Yet, little research has examined the nuanced oppression that AAW face and the daily effects of compounded racism and sexism contributing to their mental health issues. Applying the intersectionality and microaggressions framework, we developed the Gendered Racial Microaggressions Scale for Asian American Women (GRMSAAW) using data collected from 564 AAW...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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