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Journal of Counseling Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355347/emotions-in-everyday-life-during-social-movements-prospective-predictions-of-mental-health
#1
Wai Kai Hou, George A Bonanno
Emotion mobilizes and demobilizes a social movement while the movement itself impacts people's emotions. An evidence base is needed for developing timely emotion-focused counseling services for affected populations worldwide. This experience sampling study investigated the impact of a social movement on everyday emotional reactivity, variability, instability, and persistence, and whether and how these predicted subsequent psychological distress and well-being among 108 community-dwelling adults. Fifty-four participants reported momentary events and emotions 5 times daily over 7 days during the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355346/mental-help-seeking-attitudes-scale-mhsas-development-reliability-validity-and-comparison-with-the-atspph-sf-and-iasmhs-po
#2
Joseph H Hammer, Mike C Parent, Douglas A Spiker
Attitudes is a key help-seeking construct that influences treatment seeking behavior via intention to seek help, per the theory of planned behavior (TPB). This article presents the development and psychometric evaluation of the Mental Help Seeking Attitudes Scale (MHSAS), designed to measure respondents' overall evaluation (unfavorable vs. favorable) of their seeking help from a mental health professional. In Study 1 (N = 857 United States adults), exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and item response theory (IRT) analysis were used to identify an optimal set of 9 items that demonstrated initial evidence of internal consistency, unidimensionality, and strong measurement equivalence/invariance (ME/I) across gender, past help-seeking experience, and psychological distress...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355345/attachment-avoidance-alexithymia-and-gender-examining-their-associations-with-distress-disclosure-tendencies-and-event-specific-disclosure
#3
Julia I O'Loughlin, Daniel W Cox, Jeffrey H Kahn, Amery D Wu
Distress disclosure has been linked with reduced psychological distress, increased wellbeing, and successful psychotherapeutic outcome. Because of the importance of distress disclosure, researchers have worked to develop and improve theoretical models of disclosure to facilitate counseling practices that reduce impediments to disclosure. Presently, we conducted a 2-part study to investigate distress disclosure's associations with attachment avoidance, gender, and alexithymia-3 constructs frequently linked with disclosure...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355344/emotional-congruence-between-clients-and-therapists-and-its-effect-on-treatment-outcome
#4
Dana Atzil-Slonim, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Hadar Fisher, Tuvia Peri, Wolfgang Lutz, Julian Rubel, Eshkol Rafaeli
The present study aimed to (a) explore 2 indices of emotional congruence-temporal similarity and directional discrepancy-between clients' and therapists' ratings of their emotions as they cofluctuate session-by-session; and (b) examine whether client/therapist emotional congruence predicts clients' symptom relief and improved functioning. The sample comprised 109 clients treated by 62 therapists in a university setting. Clients and therapists self-reported their negative (NE) and positive emotions (PE) after each session...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355343/predictors-of-science-technology-engineering-and-mathematics-choice-options-a-meta-analytic-path-analysis-of-the-social-cognitive-choice-model-by-gender-and-race-ethnicity
#5
Robert W Lent, Hung-Bin Sheu, Matthew J Miller, Megan E Cusick, Lee T Penn, Nancy N Truong
We tested the interest and choice portion of social-cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) in the context of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) domains. Data from 143 studies (including 196 independent samples) conducted over a 30-year period (1983 through 2013) were subjected to meta-analytic path analyses. The interest/choice model was found to fit the data well over all samples as well as within samples composed primarily of women and men and racial/ethnic minority and majority persons...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355342/-i-don-t-care-about-you-as-a-person-sexual-minority-women-objectified
#6
Elliot A Tebbe, Bonnie Moradi, Kathleen E Connelly, Alexandra L Lenzen, Mirella Flores
This study investigates sexual minority women's experiences of objectification in the United States. Data from 5 focus groups with 33 sexual minority women were analyzed using thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006, 2012). Results revealed 6 themes and 34 subthemes grouped into "manifestations of objectification: general and explicit intersections," "immediate context of relational and situational characteristics," and "broader context of oppression and privilege along gender and sexualities." First, sexual minority women's experiences of objectification included both general manifestations described in prior research with heterosexual women and manifestations of objectification that reflected intersections of systems of inequality based on sexual orientation, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, and age...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154578/sexual-victimization-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-distress-daily-coping-and-perceived-control-as-mediators
#7
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Majel R Baker, Addie N Merians, Patricia A Frazier
The primary aim of the present study was to assess 2 potential mediators (daily avoidant coping and perceived control) of the relations between past sexual victimization and childhood emotional abuse and current distress. Participants (N = 268) were undergraduate students in psychology courses at a large Midwestern university who completed measures of sexual victimization, childhood emotional abuse, neuroticism, and distress at baseline; daily measures of avoidant coping and perceived control over stressors for 14 days (Time 2); and measures of avoidant coping, perceived control, and distress at Time 3...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154577/confounding-in-statistical-mediation-analysis-what-it-is-and-how-to-address-it
#8
Matthew J Valente, William E Pelham, Heather Smyth, David P MacKinnon
Psychology researchers are often interested in mechanisms underlying how randomized interventions affect outcomes such as substance use and mental health. Mediation analysis is a common statistical method for investigating psychological mechanisms that has benefited from exciting new methodological improvements over the last 2 decades. One of the most important new developments is methodology for estimating causal mediated effects using the potential outcomes framework for causal inference. Potential outcomes-based methods developed in epidemiology and statistics have important implications for understanding psychological mechanisms...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154576/unique-effects-and-moderators-of-effects-of-sources-on-self-efficacy-a-model-based-meta-analysis
#9
Angela Byars-Winston, Jacob Diestelmann, Julia N Savoy, William T Hoyt
Self-efficacy beliefs are strong predictors of academic pursuits, performance, and persistence, and in theory are developed and maintained by 4 classes of experiences Bandura (1986) referred to as sources: performance accomplishments (PA), vicarious learning (VL), social persuasion (SP), and affective arousal (AA). The effects of sources on self-efficacy vary by performance domain and individual difference factors. In this meta-analysis (k = 61 studies of academic self-efficacy; N = 8,965), we employed B. J...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154575/metamethod-study-of-qualitative-psychotherapy-research-on-clients-experiences-review-and-recommendations
#10
Heidi M Levitt, Andrew Pomerville, Francisco I Surace, Lauren M Grabowski
A metamethod study is a qualitative meta-analysis focused upon the methods and procedures used in a given research domain. These studies are rare in psychological research. They permit both the documentation of the informal standards within a field of research and recommendations for future work in that area. This paper presents a metamethod analysis of a substantial body of qualitative research that focused on clients' experiences in psychotherapy (109 studies). This review examined the ways that methodological integrity has been established across qualitative research methods...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154574/a-multivariate-dynamic-systems-model-for-psychotherapy-with-more-than-one-client
#11
Jonathan E Butner, Carlene Deits-Lebehn, Alexander O Crenshaw, Travis J Wiltshire, Nicholas S Perry, Robert G Kent de Grey, Jasara N Hogan, Timothy W Smith, Katherine J W Baucom, Brian R W Baucom
The dynamics of the give and take between therapist and client(s) is frequently of interest to therapy process researchers. Characterizing the ways that therapists respond to clients and clients respond to therapists can be challenging in therapeutic encounters involving a single therapist and a single client. The complexity of this challenge increases as the number of people involved in a therapeutic encounter increases not only because there are more people responding to one another but also because the patterns of responding can become more complex...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154573/topics-in-the-journal-of-counseling-psychology-1963-2015
#12
JungSu Oh, Alan E Stewart, Rosemary E Phelps
Historical trends in a scientific field should be apparent in the changing content of journal articles over time. Using a topic modeling approach, a statistical method for quantifying the thematic content of text, 70 topics were extracted from the abstracts of 3,603 articles published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology from 1963 to 2015. After examining interpretability of 70 topics derived from the model, 64 meaningful topics and their trends were named. In addition, the authors also classified some of the related topics into 4 categories-counseling process and outcome, multiculturalism, research methodology, and vocational psychology...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154572/introduction-to-special-section-on-advanced-methodology-counseling-the-dog-to-wag-its-methodological-tail
#13
Zac E Imel, Stephanie Budge, Jesse Owen
In this article, we introduce a special section focused on the application of advanced methodologies to specific research questions in counseling psychology. The articles include applications of natural language processing, dynamic systems, mediation analyses in single studies and meta-analysis, and synthesis of qualitative research. We provide a brief overview of each article. (PsycINFO Database Record
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#14
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048197/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-impact-of-psychotherapist-training-does-training-improve-client-outcomes
#15
David M Erekson, Rebecca Janis, Russell J Bailey, Kara Cattani, Tyler R Pedersen
This study is a longitudinal examination of the impact of therapist stage of training on client outcomes in psychotherapy. The study included 22 PhD-level psychologists who work in a university counseling center (8 female, 14 male) who had completed at least 2 training periods in the center where data were gathered. Therapists worked with 4,047 clients, and 40,271 sessions were included in our analyses. Clients were given the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) on a session-by-session basis, tracking treatment response...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048196/using-intersectionality-responsibly-toward-critical-epistemology-structural-analysis-and-social-justice-activism
#16
Bonnie Moradi, Patrick R Grzanka
The increasing popularity of the concept of intersectionality in the social sciences, including in psychology, represents an opportunity to reflect on the state of stewardship of this concept, its roots, and its promise. In this context, the authors aim to promote responsible stewardship of intersectionality and to tip the momentum of intersectionality's flourishing toward fuller use and engagement of its roots and promise for understanding and challenging dynamics of power, privilege, and oppression. To this end, this article provides a set of guidelines for reflection and action...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048195/controlling-images-how-awareness-of-group-stereotypes-affects-black-women-s-well-being
#17
Morgan C Jerald, Elizabeth R Cole, L Monique Ward, Lanice R Avery
This paper presents research exploring how stereotypes that are simultaneously racialized and gendered affect Black women. We investigated the mental and physical health consequences of Black women's awareness that others hold these stereotypes and tested whether this association was moderated by the centrality of racial identity. A structural equation model tested among 609 young Black women revealed that metastereotype awareness (i.e., being aware that others hold negative stereotypes of one's group) predicted negative mental health outcomes (e...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048194/applying-intersectionality-to-explore-the-relations-between-gendered-racism-and-health-among-black-women
#18
Jioni A Lewis, Marlene G Williams, Erica J Peppers, Cecile A Gadson
The purpose of this study was to apply an intersectionality framework to explore the influence of gendered racism (i.e., intersection of racism and sexism) on health outcomes. Specifically, we applied intersectionality to extend a biopsychosocial model of racism to highlight the psychosocial variables that mediate and moderate the influence of gendered racial microaggressions (i.e., subtle gendered racism) on health outcomes. In addition, we tested aspects of this conceptual model by exploring the influence of gendered racial microaggressions on the mental and physical health of Black women...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048193/the-intersectionality-framework-and-identity-intersections-in-the-journal-of-counseling-psychology-and-the-counseling-psychologist-a-content-analysis
#19
Richard Q Shin, Jamie C Welch, Aylin E Kaya, Jeffrey G Yeung, Chynna Obana, Rajni Sharma, Collin N Vernay, Stephanie Yee
The framework of intersectionality is a powerful analytical tool for making sense of how interlocking systems of privilege and oppression are experienced by individuals and groups. Despite the long history of the concept, intersectionality has only recently gained attention in psychology. We conducted a content analysis to assess counseling psychology's engagement with an intersectional perspective. All articles published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology (n = 4,800) and The Counseling Psychologist (n = 1,915) from their first issues until July 2016 were reviewed to identify conceptual and empirical work focused on intersectionality...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048192/intersectionality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#20
Patrick R Grzanka, Carlos E Santos, Bonnie Moradi
This article introduces the special section on intersectionality research in counseling psychology. Across the 4 manuscripts that constitute this special section, a clear theme emerges: a need to return to the roots and politics of intersectionality. Importantly, the 2 empirical articles in this special section (Jerald, Cole, Ward, & Avery, 2017; Lewis, Williams, Peppers, & Gadson, 2017) are studies of Black women's experiences: a return, so to speak, to the subject positions and social locations from which intersectionality emanates...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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