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Journal of Counseling Psychology

Heidi Brattland, John Morten Koksvik, Olav Burkeland, Rolf Wilhelm Gråwe, Christian Klöckner, Olav Morten Linaker, Truls Ryum, Bruce Wampold, Mariela Loreto Lara-Cabrera, Valentina Cabral Iversen
This study investigated the effects of the Partners for Change Outcome Management System (PCOMS) in adult outpatient treatment at a hospital-based mental health clinic. It also investigated whether the effects differed with the timing of the treatment within a 4-year implementation period, with clients' initial distress levels, and between therapists. Adult clients (N = 170) were randomized to treatment as usual (TAU) or routine outcome monitoring (ROM). Twenty therapists provided therapy in both conditions...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Matthew J Miller, Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Christina J Thai, Yun Lu, Nancy N Truong, Gloria A Huh, Xu Li, Jeffrey G Yeung, Lydia HaRim Ahn
Although racism persists as a significant public health issue that adversely impacts the mental health of people of color (U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, 2001), there has been very little systematic guidance for mental health professionals to address racism through practice (S. Harrell, 2000). Therefore, we conducted a content analysis of the peer reviewed counseling psychology literature-the first of its kind-to provide a summary and critique of the extant practice recommendations and facilitate the development and enhancement of practice efforts aimed at addressing racism...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Seini O'Connor, Dennis M Kivlighan, Clara E Hill, Charles J Gelso
Recent research on attachment in therapy indicates that therapist attachment style is related to therapists' agreement with their clients on the quality of their working alliance (WA; Kivlighan & Marmarosh, 2016). This study builds on these findings by examining how both the therapist's and the client's attachment style may be related to their agreement on the WA. The authors expected that less anxious and less avoidant clients working with less anxious and less avoidant therapists would have higher WA agreement...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Robert W Lent, Taylor R Morris, Lee T Penn, Glenn W Ireland
We tested the social-cognitive model of career self-management (Lent & Brown, 2013) using a longitudinal design. Participants were 420 college students who completed measures of career exploration and decision-making self-efficacy, outcome expectations, social support, goals, and actions, along with trait conscientiousness, at 2 time points roughly 4 months apart, near the beginning and middle of an academic year. They also reported their level of career decidedness and decisional anxiety at both of these time points as well as near the end of the academic year (about 3 months after the 2nd assessment)...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Kasey Jackman, Brittany Edgar, Amanda Ling, Judy Honig, Walter Bockting
Transgender populations experience mental and physical health disparities compared to nontransgender populations, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Guided by the minority stress theory and Nock's model of NSSI, this study explored perspectives of transmasculine spectrum people (i.e., people with a gender identity that is man, male, transgender man, genderqueer, or nonbinary and who were assigned female at birth) who engage in NSSI. Qualitative interviews were conducted with transmasculine spectrum people ( N = 18) who reported a history of NSSI...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Andrew S Gibson, Michael V Ellis, Myrna L Friedlander
Previous research indicates that trainees often withhold important information related to their clients' progress and their reactions to supervision. Moreover, factors associated with the occurrence of supervisee nondisclosure (SND) are not well established. As one of the few studies to compare clinically related with supervision-related nondisclosure, we tested the relation of these two dimensions of the construct, as measured by Siembor and Ellis's (2012) Supervisee Nondisclosure Scales, to three important process variables: perceptions of (a) the supervisory alliance, as measured by Bahrick's (1989) Working Alliance Inventory-Trainee; (b) collaborative supervision, as measured by Rousmaniere and Ellis's (2013) Collaborative Supervision Behavior Scale; and (c) explicitly relational supervisor behaviors, as measured by Shaffer and Friedlander's (2017) Relational Behavior Scale...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Zhuang She, Barry L Duncan, Robert J Reese, Qiwu Sun, Yanwei Shi, Guangrong Jiang, Caizhi Wu, Alyssa L Clements
Although client feedback has been demonstrated to improve psychotherapy outcomes in over a dozen randomized clinical trials, no studies to date have investigated the feedback effect outside of the United States or Europe. This study examined the impact of a client feedback intervention, the Partners for Change Outcome Management System, in a college counseling center in Wuhan, China ( N = 186). Using a randomized design within routine care, treatment as usual (TAU; n = 85) was compared with a feedback condition ( n = 101) in which therapists had access to client-generated outcome and alliance information at each session...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Marianne Stone, Myrna L Friedlander, Mariola Moeyaert
In this article we describe and illustrate various visual and nonparametric techniques that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions in single-case experiments. Using an alternating treatments design across 2 cases, we tested whether practicing mindfulness would help a novice therapist stay focused and respond to a client more empathically and genuinely. Specifically, after taking a brief workshop on mindfulness, one male and one female doctoral trainee were asked, immediately before beginning each of 10 sessions, either to engage in a guided mindfulness practice for three minutes or a control activity of their choice...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Jennifer L Brady, Rajni Sharma, Yun Lu, Young Hwa Kim, Christina J Thai
Asian American women's (AAW's) mental health issues have received growing public attention; recent statistics suggest alarmingly high suicide rates among AAW. Yet, little research has examined the nuanced oppression that AAW face and the daily effects of compounded racism and sexism contributing to their mental health issues. Applying the intersectionality and microaggressions framework, we developed the Gendered Racial Microaggressions Scale for Asian American Women (GRMSAAW) using data collected from 564 AAW...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Annabelle L Atkin, Hyung Chol Yoo, Christine J Yeh
In this brief report, the authors investigate how different types of parental racial-ethnic socialization messages (i.e., cultural socialization/pluralism, promotion of mistrust, and preparation for racial bias) moderate the relationship between racial discrimination and psychological distress in a sample of 187 Asian American adolescents. Results indicated a significant positive relationship between racial discrimination and psychological distress. Cultural socialization/pluralism and promotion of mistrust also moderated the racial discrimination and psychological distress link...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Tao Liu, Y Joel Wong, Cara S Maffini, Nancy Goodrich Mitts, Derek K Iwamoto
The Gendered Racism Scales for Asian American Men (GRSAM) was developed to assess the frequency and stress level of gendered racism perceived by Asian American men. The development of the new measure was grounded in the Intersectional Fusion Paradigm. This paradigm explains individuals' experiences of discrimination based on unique combinations of multiple interlocking identities that individuals experience simultaneously. In mixed samples of college students and community adults, GRSAM's factor structure as well as evidence of convergent validity, criterion-related validity, discriminant validity, incremental validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability was examined...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Clara E Hill, Dennis M Kivlighan, Yun Lu
To promote psychological help-seeking, researchers have studied interventions to reduce self-stigma, a personally held belief that seeking psychological help would make one undesirable and socially unacceptable. We examined the differential impact of individual- and group-level changes in self-stigma on psychological help-seeking attitudes using data from 189 college students nested within 20 sections of a semester-long helping skills lab groups. We applied multi-level polynomial regression and response surface analysis to determine whether discrepancy between pre- and posttest self-stigma scores (i...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Laurel B Watson, Luke R Allen, Mirella J Flores, Christine Serpe, Michelle Farrell
To date, researchers assessing the role of discrimination in trans peoples' lives have relied upon measures that were developed and normed on LGB populations, culled specific items from large-scale survey data, or used more generalized measures of discrimination that do not specifically assess the unique forms of discrimination that trans people may encounter. Thus, the purpose of this three-part study was to develop and provide psychometric support for a measure of trans peoples' discrimination. In Study 1, a five-factor model emerged, which included: Microaggressions and Harassment, Restricted Career and Work Opportunities, Maltreatment in Health Care Settings, Harassment by Law Enforcement, and Bullying and Harassment in Educational Settings...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth, Jerold R Gold, Michael Moore, Seth R Pitman, Saryn R Levy, Jesse Owen
This study examined the relationship between adherence flexibility early in treatment and outcome within psychodynamic psychotherapy of depression. For this purpose, we used multilevel modeling (MLM) to examine the relationship between adherence to global psychodynamic-interpersonal (PI) technique early in treatment with outcome, the impact of flexibly incorporating some limited cognitive-behavioral (CB) interventions, as well the role of therapist effects. Our sample included 46 outpatients who were consecutively enrolled in individual psychodynamic psychotherapy, received a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Roei Chen, Eshkol Rafaeli, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Wolfgang Lutz, Dana Atzil-Slonim
Congruence between therapists' and their clients' alliance ratings was found to be beneficial to therapeutic processes and outcomes. To date, however, less is known about the possible moderators of such congruence. The current study adapted Funder's (1995) realistic accuracy model to identify a judge characteristic (therapists' affiliative tendencies), a target characteristic (clients' affiliative tendencies), information (time elapsed in therapy), and traits (bond vs. task/goal aspects of the alliance) that may moderate this congruence...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Kelsey L Autin, Ryan D Duffy, Caitlin J Jacobson, Kabeel M Dosani, Dominique Barker, Elizabeth M Bott
Undocumented immigrants are among the most vulnerable of workers in the U.S. and face a unique set of barriers to obtaining adequate education and decent work. In the current study, we conducted a qualitative examination of the career development of undocumented young adults. Drawing from the Psychology of Working Theory (PWT; Duffy, Blustein, Diemer, & Autin, 2016), we examined barriers (e.g., economic constraints, marginalization) and resources (e.g., social support, critical consciousness, proactive personality) to participants' career development and sense of work volition...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Andrew J Seidman, Nathaniel G Wade, Daniel G Lannin, Patrick J Heath, Rachel E Brenner, David L Vogel
Student veterans experiencing mental health concerns could benefit from seeking counseling (Rudd, Goulding, & Bryan, 2011), though they often avoid these services. Self-affirmation interventions have been developed to increase openness to health-related behaviors (Sherman & Cohen, 2006), and may also help promote psychological help-seeking intentions. This study explored whether a self-affirmation intervention increased intentions to seek counseling in a sample of 74 student veterans who had not previously sought counseling services...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Julie A Lorah, Y Joel Wong
Moderation analyses represent a statistical technique that can be particularly useful for counseling psychology researchers. This technique allows researchers to assess whether a given relationship depends on a third, moderating variable. The present article provides a brief overview of moderation, followed by 3 broad areas relevant for research: designing a study, analyzing the data, and interpreting results. Particular focus is applied to the topic of latent variable moderation, including an applied example with real data...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Shi Hu, Michelle Hood, Peter A Creed
Based on social-cognitive and general self-regulation theories, this study examined the underlying mechanisms of the within-person relationship between negative career goal feedback and career-related stress. Using a sample of young adults and a weekly survey study with four measurements (212 observations), we found that negative feedback on career progress and poor feedback on improvements needed for career progress related to more career stress, and that career-related self-efficacy mediated the link between feedback on improvements needed and stress...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
D Martin Kivlighan, Marie C Adams, Joanna M Drinane, Karen W Tao, Jesse Owen
Given the continued racial/ethnic diversification of the United States, it is not uncommon for therapy groups to consist of members with diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds and various cultural identities. Scholars have underscored how this cultural diversity can directly impact many processes and outcomes of group-based interventions (Chen, Kakkad, & Balzano, 2008). However, there is presently a paucity of empirical research testing the relationship between cultural processes of therapy groups and members' outcomes...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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