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Journal of Counseling Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425723/decreases-in-implicit-self-esteem-explain-the-racial-impact-of-microaggressions-among-asian-americans
#1
Gloria Wong-Padoongpatt, Nolan Zane, Sumie Okazaki, Anne Saw
Asian Americans are commonly perceived as perpetual foreigners and, therefore, not "true" Americans. Asian Americans report inquiries about nationality and English abilities as the most common forms of racial microaggressions perpetrated by White Americans (Sue, 2015). Race theorists assert that these microaggressions are race-related and marginalize Asian Americans. Scholars have claimed that these subtle acts are harmful, yet only a few studies have uncovered the mechanisms by which racial microaggressions affect mental and physical well-being (Ong, Burrow, Fuller-Rowell, Ja, & Sue, 2013; Wong, Derthick, David, Saw, & Okazaki, 2013)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414471/the-reciprocal-dynamic-model-of-career-decision-ambiguity-tolerance-with-career-indecision-a-longitudinal-three-wave-investigation
#2
Hui Xu, Terence J G Tracey
The current study investigated the dynamic interplay of career decision ambiguity tolerance and career indecision over 3 assessment times in a sample of college students (n = 583). While the previous research has repeatedly shown an association of career decision ambiguity tolerance with career indecision, the direction of this association has not been adequately assessed with longitudinal investigation. It was hypothesized in this study that there is a reciprocal pattern of career decision ambiguity tolerance leading to subsequent career indecision and career indecision leading to subsequent career decision ambiguity tolerance...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406649/born-this-way-sexual-orientation-beliefs-and-their-correlates-in-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#3
James S Morandini, Alexander Blaszczynski, Daniel S J Costa, Alexandra Godwin, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
In this study, we examined how beliefs about the nature and origin of sexual orientation were associated with sexual identity outcomes, namely internalized sexual stigma and sexual orientation uncertainty, and in turn, psychological well-being in sexual minority women. A community sample of 393 lesbian and 205 bisexual women were recruited for a cross-sectional online survey. Using multigroup structural equation modeling, we examined whether believing sexual orientation to be inborn/immutable (i.e., natural) and/or as existing in discrete categories (i...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383942/congruence-and-discrepancy-between-working-alliance-and-real-relationship-variance-decomposition-and-response-surface-analyses
#4
Dennis M Kivlighan, Kathryn Kline, Charles J Gelso, Clara E Hill
We examined how congruence and discrepancy in clients' and therapists' ratings of the working alliance (WA) and real relationship (RR) were related to client-rated session quality (SES; Session Evaluation Scale). Ratings for 2517 sessions of 144 clients and 23 therapists were partitioned into therapist-level, client-level, and session-level components and then analyzed using multilevel, polynomial regression and response surface analysis. For both clients and therapists, at all levels of analysis (except the therapist level for therapist ratings), SES was highest when combined WA and RR ratings were high, and lowest when combined ratings were low...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358523/two-is-more-valid-than-one-examining-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale-scs
#5
Rachel E Brenner, Patrick J Heath, David L Vogel, Marcus Credé
The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003a) is the most widely used measure of self-compassion. Self-compassion, as measured by the SCS, is robustly linked to psychological health (Macbeth & Gumley, 2012; Zessin, Dickhaüser, & Garbade, 2015). The SCS is currently understood as exhibiting a higher-order structure comprised of 6 first-order factors and 1 second-order general self-compassion factor. Recently, some researchers have questioned the internal validity of this 1-factor conceptualization, and posit that the SCS may instead be comprised of 2 general factors-self-compassion and self-coldness...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333475/intentions-to-seek-counseling-in-first-generation-and-continuing-generation-college-students
#6
Patton O Garriott, Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Kim Yalango, Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer, Jared Utley
The growing socioeconomic diversity of higher education institutions calls for research that addresses the unique mental health needs of first-generation and continuing-generation college students. This study examined associations from environmental supports, personal stigma, self-stigma, and attitudes, to intentions to seek counseling in first- and continuing-generation college students (N = 610). Results of structural equation modeling largely supported hypothesized relationships between variables. Furthermore, the relationship between personal stigma and self-stigma was stronger for continuing-generation students while the relationship between self-stigma and attitudes was stronger for first-generation students...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#7
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318278/therapist-effects-on-dropout-from-a-college-counseling-center-practice-research-network
#8
Henry Xiao, Louis G Castonguay, Rebecca A Janis, Soo Jeong Youn, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
Dropout has been a pervasive and costly problem in psychotherapy, particularly for college counseling centers. The present study examined potential predictors of dropout using a large data set (N = 10,147 clients, 481 therapists) that was gathered through a college counseling center practice research network as a replication and extension of recent findings regarding therapist effects on dropout. The final model resulted in a dropout rate of 15.9% and a therapist effect of 9.51% on dropout variance. Therapist demographic variables were investigated, though none were found to be significant...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318277/technology-enhanced-human-interaction-in-psychotherapy
#9
Zac E Imel, Derek D Caperton, Michael Tanana, David C Atkins
Psychotherapy is on the verge of a technology-inspired revolution. The concurrent maturation of communication, signal processing, and machine learning technologies begs an earnest look at how these technologies may be used to improve the quality of psychotherapy. Here, we discuss 3 research domains where technology is likely to have a significant impact: (1) mechanism and process, (2) training and feedback, and (3) technology-mediated treatment modalities. For each domain, we describe current and forthcoming examples of how new technologies may change established applications...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383967/racism-in-digital-era-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-perceived-online-racism-scale-pors-v1-0
#10
Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Matthew J Miller
The purpose of this study was to develop the Perceived Online Racism Scale (PORS) to assess perceived online racist interpersonal interactions and exposure to online racist content among people of color. Items were developed through a multistage process involving a comprehensive literature review, focus-groups, qualitative data collection, and survey of online racism experiences. Based on a sample of 1,023 racial minority participants, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses provided support for a 30-item bifactor model accounted by the general factor and the following 3 specific factors: (a) personal experience of racial cyber-aggression, (b) vicarious exposure to racial cyber-aggression, and (c) online-mediated exposure to racist reality...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277686/development-of-the-professional-self-care-scale
#11
Katherine E Dorociak, Patricia A Rupert, Fred B Bryant, Evan Zahniser
In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the importance of self-care for psychologists and other mental health professionals. With the growth of positive psychology and preventive medicine, self-care is an emerging topic, promulgated as a means of avoiding the adverse effects of stress and promoting professional functioning and well-being. However, the research on self-care is limited because of the lack of an empirically based, psychometrically sound measure of this construct. Thus, the purpose of this project was to develop a measure of professional self-care...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240918/distress-disclosure-and-psychological-functioning-among-taiwanese-nationals-and-european-americans-the-moderating-roles-of-mindfulness-and-nationality
#12
Jeffrey H Kahn, Meifen Wei, Jenny C Su, Suejung Han, Agnes Strojewska
Research using Western samples shows that talking about unpleasant emotions-distress disclosure-is associated with fewer psychological symptoms and higher well-being. These benefits of distress disclosure may or may not be observed in East Asia where emotional control is valued. Instead, mindfulness may be more relevant to emotion regulation in East Asia (e.g., Taiwan). In the present study, cultural context (Taiwanese nationals vs. European Americans) and mindfulness were examined as moderators of the relation between distress disclosure and both depression symptoms and life satisfaction...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221084/depression-symptoms-moderate-the-association-between-emotion-and-communal-behavior
#13
Lance M Rappaport, D S Moskowitz, Bianca D'Antono
Depression is associated with emotion regulation deficits which manifest as elevated negative affect and greater continuation of negative affect over time. The present study examined a possible emotion regulatory deficit, whether depression symptoms attenuate the association between communal (i.e., agreeable, quarrelsome) behavior and affect. A community sample reported on depression and anxiety symptoms before recording their affect and behavior following naturally occurring interpersonal interactions over 21 days...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221083/can-use-of-positive-religious-coping-predict-greater-distress-an-examination-of-army-soldiers-on-deployment
#14
Marilyn A Cornish, Daniel G Lannin, Nathaniel G Wade, Melisa Martinez
Although positive religious coping is generally viewed as an adaptive, functional coping pattern, some studies have actually found positive religious coping to be associated with more distress in military populations. In the current study, we examined the role of positive religious coping on distress across 2 time points. Participants in this study were 192 Army soldiers (men = 90.4%) who were stationed in Iraq for a 1-year deployment in 2005. Using structural equation modeling, we conducted a cross-lag analysis of positive religious coping and distress...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182491/thwarted-belongingness-perceived-burdensomeness-and-depression-among-asian-americans-a-longitudinal-study-of-interpersonal-shame-as-a-mediator-and-perfectionistic-family-discrepancy-as-a-moderator
#15
Stephanie G Carrera, Meifen Wei
This short-term longitudinal study applied Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide to Asian Americans' experiences with depression. Interpersonal shame (i.e., the experience of inadequacy arising from interpersonal concerns) was hypothesized to mediate the effects of (a) thwarted belongingness and (b) perceived burdensomeness on future depression. Furthermore, the positive associations between (a) thwarted belongingness and (b) perceived burdensomeness on future depression were hypothesized to vary depending on students' experiences with perfectionistic family discrepancy (PFD; their perceived gap between their actual performance and what their parents expect of them)...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165259/career-goal-revision-in-response-to-negative-feedback-testing-a-longitudinal-cross-lagged-model
#16
Shi Hu, Peter A Creed, Michelle Hood
We tested a model based on goal-setting and self-regulation theories of the cross-lagged relationships among negative career-related feedback, negative affect (career-related stress), and career goal revision (downward goal revision and goal disengagement). Participants were 409 Chinese university/college students (Mage 19 years; 58% female), who completed a survey at 2 time points approximately 6 months apart. Consistent with our hypotheses, negative career-related feedback at T1 was related to more career goal disengagement and greater downward goal revision at T2...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165258/can-reflecting-on-personal-values-online-increase-positive-beliefs-about-counseling
#17
Daniel G Lannin, David L Vogel, Patrick J Heath
This research developed and tested an online values-affirmation exercise to attenuate threat and enhance positive beliefs about counseling among individuals struggling with mental health concerns. There is evidence that reflecting on personal values (values-affirmation) is an effective approach to eliciting self-affirmation-a psychological process that temporarily bolsters self-worth in order to forestall maladaptive, self-protective responses to counseling information. The present study utilized a randomized 2-group between-subjects design to test the effectiveness of a values-affirmation exercise with an online sample (N = 186) of adults who reported struggling with a mental health concern...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114769/enhancing-psychotherapy-process-with-common-factors-feedback-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Andrew S McClintock, Matthew R Perlman, Shannon M McCarrick, Timothy Anderson, Lina Himawan
In this study, we developed and tested a common factors feedback (CFF) system. The CFF system was designed to provide ongoing feedback to clients and therapists about client ratings of three common factors: (a) outcome expectations, (b) empathy, and (c) the therapeutic alliance. We evaluated the CFF system using randomized, clinical trial (RCT) methodology. PARTICIPANTS: Clients were 79 undergraduates who reported mild, moderate, or severe depressive symptoms at screening and pretreatment assessments...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277732/disordered-eating-among-asian-american-college-women-a-racially-expanded-model-of-objectification-theory
#19
Hsiu-Lan Cheng, Alisia G T T Tran, Elisa R Miyake, Helen Youngju Kim
Objectification theory has been applied to understand disordered eating among college women. A recent extension of objectification theory (Moradi, 2010) conceptualizes racism as a socialization experience that shapes women of color's objectification experiences, yet limited research has examined this theoretical assertion. The present study proposed and examined a racially expanded model of objectification theory that postulated perceived racial discrimination, perpetual foreigner racism, and racial/ethnic teasing as correlates of Asian American college women's (N = 516) self-objectification processes and eating disorder symptomatology...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277731/impostor-feelings-as-a-moderator-and-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-racial-ethnic-minority-college-students
#20
Kevin Cokley, Leann Smith, Donte Bernard, Ashley Hurst, Stacey Jackson, Steven Stone, Olufunke Awosogba, Chastity Saucer, Marlon Bailey, Davia Roberts
This study investigated whether impostor feelings would both moderate and mediate the relationship between perceived discrimination and mental health in a sample of diverse ethnic minority college students (106 African Americans, 102 Asian Americans, 108 Latino/a Americans) at an urban public university. African American students reported higher perceived discrimination than Asian American and Latino/a American students, while no racial/ethnic group differences were reported for impostor feelings. Analyses revealed that among African American students, high levels of impostor feelings moderated the perceived discrimination and depression relationship and mediated the perceived discrimination and anxiety relationship...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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