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Journal of Genetic Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402227/developing-the-cyber-victimization-experiences-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-scales
#1
Lucy R Betts, Karin A Spenser
The reported prevalence rates of cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors vary. Part of this variation is likely due to the diverse definitions and operationalizations of the constructs adopted in previous research and the lack of psychometrically robust measures. Through 2 studies, the authors developed (Study 1) and evaluated (Study 2) the cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors scales. Participants in Study 1 were 393 (122 boys, 171 girls) and in Study 2 were 345 (153 boys, 192 girls) 11-15-year-olds who completed measures of cyber victimization experiences, cyberbullying behaviors, face-to-face victimization experiences, face-to-face bullying behaviors, and social desirability...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402224/temperament-and-social-emotional-difficulties-the-dark-side-of-learning-disabilities
#2
Ilaria Buonomo, Caterina Fiorilli, Maria Angela Geraci, Alessandro Pepe
The authors compared the relations between general psychological difficulties and dimensions of temperament in children with and without learning disability (LD). The main aim was to analyze whether and to what extent children's temperament dimensions contribute to their general psychological difficulties when LD diagnosis, age, and gender are taken into account. Participants were 52 elementary school children 7-11 years old (M age = 8.61 years, SD = 1.21 years). Twenty-six of them had been diagnosed with LD...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402183/halloween-costume-choices-reflections-of-gender-development-in-early-childhood
#3
Lisa M Dinella
The author examined whether preschoolers' Halloween costume choices reflect their gender development. The sample consisted of 110 (53 boys, 57 girls) infant through preschool-aged participants, and 1 parent of each child. Both observational methodologies and parent-report surveys were used to assess the gender-typed nature of children's Halloween costumes, information about the Halloween costume choice process, and about the children's gender development. Boys' costumes were more masculine and girls' costumes were more feminine...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375827/maternal-agreeableness-moderates-associations-between-young-children-s-emotion-dysregulation-and-socioemotional-functioning-at-school
#4
Will E Hipson, Sarah L Gardiner, Robert J Coplan, Laura L Ooi
The goal of this study was to explore associations among maternal agreeableness, child temperament (i.e., emotion dysregulation), and children's social adjustment at school. Participants were 146 children in kindergarten and Grade 1 (76 girls; Mage = 67.78 months, SD = 10.81 months). Mothers provided ratings of their own agreeableness and their child's temperament, and teachers assessed indices of children's socioemotional functioning at school. Among the results, maternal agreeableness moderated associations between child dysregulation and aspects of adjustment at school...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323534/children-s-recognition-of-emotional-facial-expressions-through-photographs-and-drawings
#5
Claire Brechet
The author's purpose was to examine children's recognition of emotional facial expressions, by comparing two types of stimulus: photographs and drawings. The author aimed to investigate whether drawings could be considered as a more evocative material than photographs, as a function of age and emotion. Five- and 7-year-old children were presented with photographs and drawings displaying facial expressions of 4 basic emotions (i.e., happiness, sadness, anger, and fear) and were asked to perform a matching task by pointing to the face corresponding to the target emotion labeled by the experimenter...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306483/preschool-fantasy-reality-discrimination-influences-of-trait-and-primed-fearfulness
#6
Aleksandra V Petkova, Kathleen M Cain
Distinguishing between fantasy and reality is an important developmental milestone, achieved in the preschool years, that has been linked to children's cognitive capabilities and emotional knowledge. The authors examined the influence of both trait and prime fearfulness on preschoolers' ability to differentiate between fantastic and real situations. Forty 3-5-year-old preschoolers were administered a fearfulness assessment, a standard theory-of-mind task, and a fantasy-reality discrimination task (with or without a fear prime)...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306385/daily-school-context-of-adolescents-single-best-friendship-and-adjustment
#7
Melissa R Witkow, Nicolette P Rickert, Laura E Cullen
Research on adolescent best friendships typically focuses on school-based friendships, ignoring important differences between classroom-based and out-of-school friendships. With data from 156 ninth-grade students, many of whom named more than 1 best friend across the 14-day period, the authors examined associations between the daily school context of one's best friendship and adjustment. Benefits of in-grade best friendships were found in academic engagement when a composite was assessed across the 2-week period...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266896/family-and-school-influences-on-youths-behavioral-and-academic-outcomes-cross-level-interactions-between-parental-monitoring-and-character-development-curriculum
#8
Namik Top, Jeffrey Liew, Wen Luo
The authors examined the joint (interactive) roles of the Second Step curriculum (a validated social-emotional learning and bullying prevention program; Committee for Children, Seattle, WA) and parenting practices on students' behavioral and academic outcomes in Grades 5-8. Participants were 763 parents and their children from 22 schools (8 control and 14 treatment). A 2-level random coefficient model was conducted to assess the effect of parental monitoring on school outcomes, as well as the interaction between character development curriculum and parental monitoring...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819535/-that-really-hurt-charlie-investigating-the-role-of-sympathy-and-moral-respect-in-children-s-aggressive-behavior
#9
Joanna Peplak, Tina Malti
The authors examined the role of sympathy and moral respect in children's overt aggression, and the subtypes of proactive and reactive aggression, in an ethnically diverse sample of 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds (N = 110). Aggressive behaviors were measured through teacher reports and peer nominations. Sympathy was assessed through teacher reports. Children reported on their moral respect within an interview procedure where they were asked for their feelings of respect toward hypothetical peers who displayed morally relevant behaviors...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739934/studying-children-s-intrapersonal-emotion-regulation-strategies-from-the-process-model-of-emotion-regulation
#10
Belén López-Pérez, Michaela Gummerum, Ellie Wilson, Giulia Dellaria
The authors relied on the Process Model of Emotion Regulation (PMER; J. J. Gross, 2007 ) to investigate children's abilities to regulate their emotions and to assess how distinct emotion regulation strategies are used by children of different ages. In Study 1, 180 parents of children aged between 3 and 8 years old reported about a situation in which their child had been able to change what she or he was feeling. In Study 2, 126 children 3-8 years old answered 2 questions about how they regulate their own emotions...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121287/empathic-skills-and-cyberbullying-relationship-of-different-measures-of-empathy-to-cyberbullying-in-comparison-to-offline-bullying-among-young-adults
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jan S Pfetsch
Empathy, as the ability to understand and feel the emotions of others, is related to less bullying behavior. However, the link of bullying behavior with self-reports of empathy seems to be stronger than with behavioral measures of empathy (e.g., empathic accuracy). Few studies have analyzed the relationship of affective and cognitive empathy to cyberbullying behavior, especially among young adults. In a quasiexperimental dyadic interaction paradigm with 72 young adults, empathic accuracy was operationalized as the match of other- and self-reported emotions for the target, and emotional congruence as the match of the target's and the perceiver's self-reported emotions...
January 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805478/differences-in-friendship-networks-and-experiences-of-cyberbullying-among-korean-and-australian-adolescents
#12
Jee Young Lee, Yeji Kwon, Soeun Yang, Sora Park, Eun-Mee Kim, Eun-Yeong Na
Cyberbullying is one of the negative consequences of online social interaction. The digital environment enables adolescents to engage in online social interaction beyond the traditional physical boundaries of families, neighborhoods, and schools. The authors examined connections to friendship networks in both online and offline settings are related to their experiences as victims, perpetrators, and bystanders of cyberbullying. A comparative face-to-face survey of adolescents (12-15-year-olds) was conducted in Korea (n = 520) and Australia (n = 401)...
January 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391950/the-role-of-parental-mediation-and-peer-norms-on-the-likelihood-of-cyberbullying
#13
Hagit Sasson, Gustavo Mesch
Cyberbullying is a disturbing behavior associated with the use of communication technologies among adolescents. Many studies have been devoted to the activities of cyber victims as risk factors, while others have considered parental mediation a protective factor. However, there is a paucity of studies investigating the joint contribution of parental mediation, peer norms and risky online activities to the likelihood of being bullied on the Internet. To fill this gap, we conducted a study among a representative sample of 495 sixth to eleventh grade adolescents...
January 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379372/differences-in-attributions-for-public-and-private-face-to-face-and-cyber-victimization-among-adolescents-in-china-cyprus-the-czech-republic-india-japan-and-the-united-states
#14
Michelle F Wright, Takuya Yanagida, Ikuko Aoyama, Lenka Dědková, Zheng Li, Shanmukh V Kamble, Fatih Bayraktar, Anna Ševčíková, Shruti Soudi, Hana Macháčková, Li Lei, Chang Shu
The authors' aim was to investigate gender and cultural differences in the attributions used to determine causality for hypothetical public and private face-to-face and cyber victimization scenarios among 3,432 adolescents (age range = 11-15 years; 49% girls) from China, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, India, Japan, and the United States, while accounting for their individualism and collectivism. Adolescents completed a questionnaire on cultural values and read four hypothetical victimization scenarios, including public face-to-face victimization, public cyber victimization, private face-to-face victimization, and private cyber victimization...
January 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355106/cyberbullying-victimization-in-adolescents-as-related-to-body-esteem-social-support-and-social-self-efficacy
#15
Dorit Olenik-Shemesh, Tali Heiman
The authors examined cyberbullying victimization in the context of issues of key importance to youth: body esteem, social support, and social self-efficacy. Research has found that traditional peer-bullying victimization is significantly correlated with low body esteem in Western societies, especially pertaining to weight (R. Puhl & J. Luedicke, 2012 ). Studies have also found a relationship among bullying victimization, appearance-related bullying, low body esteem, and psychosocial difficulties among youth (L...
January 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849450/heinz-werner-his-life-ideas-and-contributions-to-developmental-psychology-in-the-first-half-of-the-20th-century
#16
Teresa Ostler
The author provides an overview of Heinz Werner's life and contributions to the field of developmental psychology during the first half of the 20th century. She focuses on his early work in Vienna and Munich as well as his tenure at the Psychological Institute in Hamburg, up through the time when he became a named Professor in Psychology at Clark University. Recognized as one of the founders of developmental psychology, Heinz Werner worked in the areas of perceptual development, comparative psychology, and symbol formation...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805491/developmental-psychology-in-the-1920s-a-period-of-major-transition
#17
Dennis Thompson
A 1918 survey (H. E. Jones, 1956 ) indicated that only 3 psychologists in the United States expressed an interest in conducting research on child development. By the end of the 1920s there were more than 600 who expressed such an interest, and their areas of inquiry encompassed not only child development but also adolescence, the lifespan, and old age. The author explores the factors and people that contributed to this remarkable transition and highlights some of the major contributions that resulted from their work...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797652/far-more-than-dutiful-daughter-milicent-shinn-s-child-study-and-education-advocacy-after-1898
#18
Elissa N Rodkey
Previous scholarship on the life of psychologist Milicent Shinn (E. Scarborough & L. Furumoto, 1987 ) emphasized Shinn's failure to pursue an academic career in psychology following her PhD in 1898. Scarborough and Furumoto used Shinn as an example of "the family claim"-the career limitations women faced in terms of their family obligations. This narrative, however, obscured Shinn's continued engagement with child study before and after her years in graduate school, as a recent article documenting Shinn's leadership of network of home-based observers of infant development makes clear (C...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740891/g-stanley-hall-child-study-and-the-american-public
#19
Jacy L Young
In the final decades of the 19th century psychologist Granville Stanley Hall was among the most prominent pedagogical experts in the nation. The author explores Hall's carefully crafted persona as an educational expert, and his engagements with the American public, from 1880 to 1900, arguably the height of his influence. Drawing from accounts of Hall's lecture circuit in the popular press, a map of his talks across the nation is constructed to assess the geographic scope of his influence. These talks to educators on the psychology underlying childhood and pedagogy, and his views and research on child life more generally, were regularly discussed in newspapers and popular periodicals...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740888/g-stanley-hall-and-the-journal-of-genetic-psychology-a-note
#20
John D Hogan
The Journal of Genetic Psychology (originally called The Pedagogical Seminary) has a complicated history. Known primarily as a journal of development psychology, it was originally intended to be a journal of higher education. In addition, G. Stanley Hall created it, at least in part, to curry favor with Jonas Clark, the benefactor of Clark University. The journal had a cumbersome start, with irregular issues for most of its first decade. Hall was a hands-on editor, often contributing articles and reviews as well as the texts of many of his speeches...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
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