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Headache

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044546/associations-between-depression-anxiety-and-headache-frequency-in-migraineurs-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Hsuan-Te Chu, Chih-Sung Liang, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Ta-Chuan Yeh, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Yueh-Feng Sung, Fu-Chi Yang
BACKGROUND: While migraines have been associated with emotional disturbances, it remains unknown whether the intensity of emotional expression is directly related to migraine frequency. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated depression/anxiety among migraineurs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 588 clinical outpatients in Taiwan. Migraines were stratified by attack frequency, with and without auras, and with well-controlled confounding variables...
October 18, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044497/pediatric-headache-and-sleep-disturbance-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-groups
#2
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep disturbance differs by headache diagnosis in a pediatric sample, and whether this effect remains when other factors affecting sleep are included. BACKGROUND: Primary headache disorders can be severe and disabling, impacting a child's functioning and quality of life. Many children and adolescents with chronic headaches also experience sleep difficulties, and there is likely a bidirectional relationship between headaches and sleep difficulties...
October 17, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034461/the-migraine-attack-as-a-homeostatic-neuroprotective-response-to-brain-oxidative-stress-preliminary-evidence-for-a-theory
#3
Jonathan M Borkum
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that migraineurs show higher levels of oxidative stress (lipid peroxides) between migraine attacks and that migraine triggers may further increase brain oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is transduced into a neural signal by the TRPA1 ion channel on meningeal pain receptors, eliciting neurogenic inflammation, a key event in migraine. Thus, migraines may be a response to brain oxidative stress. RESULTS: In this article, a number of migraine components are considered: cortical spreading depression, platelet activation, plasma protein extravasation, endothelial nitric oxide synthesis, and the release of serotonin, substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
October 16, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034453/avp-825-sumatriptan-nasal-powder-reduces-nausea-compared-to-sumatriptan-tablets-results-of-the-compass-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Richard B Lipton, James S McGinley, Kenneth J Shulman, Stephen D Silberstein, R J Wirth, Dawn C Buse
BACKGROUND: Migraine-related nausea is associated with significant disability, increased burden of disease, and personal distress. Nausea can lead to delays or avoidance of initiating oral migraine treatment, sometimes resulting in treatment failures and poor outcomes. Nausea is often a symptom of migraine, but nausea may also be a consequence of treatment (ie, treatment emergent nausea [TEN]). Relieving nausea and minimizing TEN are important goals in acute migraine therapy. METHODS: We analyzed data from the COMPASS study, a randomized, double blind, double-dummy, comparative efficacy study that contrasted two active treatments, AVP-825 (breath-powered intranasal delivery of powdered sumatriptan 22 mg) and oral sumatriptan tablets (100 mg)...
October 16, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034450/new-onset-focal-stabbing-headache-associated-with-peripheral-vertigo-a-case-report
#5
Tommy L H Chan, David D Kim, Werner J Becker
We present a novel case of a focal stabbing headache sharing features of primary stabbing headache that started and resolved with the onset and resolution of a course of self-limiting peripheral vertigo. The association of onset and improvement of the stabbing headaches support the trigeminal and vestibular reciprocal relationships. Vestibular input may be the driving force and a potential target for treatment.
October 16, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#6
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023684/spot-on
#7
Karl B Alstadhaug, Hilde K Ofte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990165/framingham-based-cardiovascular-risk-estimates-among-people-with-episodic-migraine-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-american-migraine-prevalence-and-prevention-ampp-study
#8
Richard B Lipton, Michael L Reed, Tobias Kurth, Kristina M Fanning, Dawn C Buse
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) events, conditions, and procedures (ECPs) are common in persons with migraine and are a contraindication to triptan and ergot use. In a prior study, we estimated that there are 2.6 million American adults with episodic migraine (EM) who have had CV ECPs. However, the prior analysis did not assess persons with migraine without CV ECPs who are at high risk for a first cardiovascular disease (CVD) event. OBJECTIVES: To use the Framingham nonlaboratory CVD events risk equation to estimate the number of individuals with EM who are at elevated risk for a first CVD event in the next 10 years using data from the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention Study, and then to extrapolate the findings to the US population to estimate the scope of people with EM for whom triptan and ergot therapies may be problematic...
October 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990162/vince-lombardi-and-me
#9
Harvey Blumenthal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984356/a-real-world-analysis-of-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study-of-disease-burden-and-treatment-patterns
#10
Janet H Ford, James Jackson, Gary Milligan, Sarah Cotton, Jonna Ahl, Sheena K Aurora
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the sociodemographics, disease burden, and treatment patterns of patients with episodic and chronic migraine in the United States. BACKGROUND: Migraine is a disabling neurological disease that places an enormous burden on patients. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Adelphi Migraine United States Disease Specific Programme (index period: January to March 2014). Physicians (N = 150) completed a patient report form on 10 consulting patients with migraine...
October 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984355/incidental-findings-and-normal-anatomical-variants-on-brain-mri-in-children-for-primary-headaches
#11
Lauren Doyle Strauss, Beth Anne Cavanaugh, Ethan SungEun Yun, Randolph W Evans
When MRI scans of the brain are obtained for evaluation of primary headaches in children, incidental findings and anatomical variants are commonly present. After a review of the prevalence, 11 types are presented.
October 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980712/indomethacin-responsive-paroxysmal-hemicrania-in-an-elderly-man-an-unusual-presentation-of-pituitary-apoplexy
#12
Lou Grangeon, Lucas Moscatelli, Adrien Zanin, Audrey Rouille, David Maltete, Evelyne Guegan-Massardier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980700/occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-medically-refractory-chronic-paroxysmal-hemicrania
#13
Sarah Miller, Susie Lagrata, Laurence Watkins, Manjit Matharu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of a patient with refractory chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) to occipital nerve stimulation (ONS). BACKGROUND: CPH is a primary headache disorder exquisitely sensitive to indomethacin. In patients unable to tolerate indomethacin, the therapeutic options are limited. ONS is a promising therapy for other refractory headache conditions. We report the first patient with medically refractory CPH treated with ONS. METHODS: Following implantation of the occipital nerve stimulator in 2006, the patient kept prospective headache diaries...
October 5, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976002/structural-co-variance-patterns-in-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study-exploring-the-role-of-the-hippocampus
#14
Catherine D Chong, Gina M Dumkrieger, Todd J Schwedt
OBJECTIVE: To interrogate hippocampal morphology and structural co-variance patterns in migraine patients and to investigate whether structural co-variance patterns relate to migraine disease characteristics. BACKGROUND: Migraine is associated with structural alterations in widespread cortical and subcortical regions associated with the sensory, cognitive, and affective components of pain processing. Recent studies have shown that migraine patients have differences in hippocampal structure and function relative to healthy control subjects, but whether hippocampal structure relates to disease characteristics including frequency of attacks, years lived with migraine and symptoms of allodynia remains unknown...
October 4, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960327/migraine-and-yawning
#15
Bülent Güven, Hayat Güven, Selim Selçuk Çomoğlu
BACKGROUND: Yawning is considered to be a symptom that reflects dopaminergic activity, although its pathophysiological mechanism is not yet fully understood. Interestingly, repetitive yawning is seen in some patients during migraine attacks. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate the frequency of yawning during migraine attacks and its association with different characteristics of migraine. METHODS: Patients with migraine with or without aura were evaluated using questionnaires and diaries to determine the characteristics of headache and accompanying symptoms...
September 27, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960288/a-case-of-migraine-with-aura-resolving-on-warfarin-but-not-on-apixaban
#16
Benjamin G Nilsson, Tammy J Bungard
Several case reports have associated anticoagulants such as heparin and vitamin K antagonists with reduced symptoms in migraine, but no data exist for direct acting oral factor Xa inhibitors. We report the case of a 55-year-old female who experienced complete remission of migraine with aura for 12 years while on warfarin, with return of symptoms within 3 weeks of switching to apixaban, and resolution of symptoms once again within days of warfarin resumption. Our case suggests that anticoagulation alone is not sufficient to improve migraine symptoms...
September 27, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944469/probing-early-motion-processing-with-eye-movements-differences-of-vestibular-migraine-migraine-with-and-without-aura-in-the-attack-free-interval
#17
S Rogalinski, H A Rambold
BACKGROUND: Migraineurs, in between headache attacks, have a different sensitivity to sensory motion stimuli compared to non-migraineurs. METHODS: This cross-sectional laboratory study examines the motion processing in migraineurs using ocular following responses (OFR) elicited by large field random dot patterns and open-loop smooth pursuit eye movements (PS) elicited by a single target moving on a homogenous background. Eye movements were recorded with a video-oculographic system (EyeSeeTec(®) ) and stimuli presented on a CRT at 100 Hz repetition rate to horizontal stimuli of a velocity of 2...
September 25, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940352/fibromyalgia-among-patients-with-chronic-migraine-and-chronic-tension-type-headache-a-multicenter-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#18
Soo-Jin Cho, Jong-Hee Sohn, Jong Seok Bae, Min Kyung Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency and impact of fibromyalgia among patients with chronic migraine (CM) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common comorbidity in patients with chronic headaches. CM and CTTH are the two common types of chronic headaches. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in neurology outpatient clinics of four university hospitals and selected first-visit 136 patients with CM and 35 patients with CTTH...
September 22, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940337/headache-interest-in-academic-neurology-leadership-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Matthew S Robbins, Noah L Rosen
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are exceedingly common, debilitating neurological conditions, and there is a striking paucity of headache specialists nationally. However, headache education is underrepresented in the curriculum of neurology residency programs and few neurology residents elect to pursue headache medicine fellowships. We aimed to explore the possibility that a low degree of headache interest among neurology department chairs and residency program directors (PDs) underlies this mismatch...
September 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925506/laugh-induced-headache-clinical-features-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Ye Ran, Huanxian Liu, Meichen Zhang, Zhao Dong, Shengyuan Yu
BACKGROUND: Laughing is a rare precipitating factor for headaches, and the pathogenesis underlying laugh-induced headache (LH) remains unclear. METHODS: Two cases of headache triggered predominantly by laughing were presented in this article. We also reviewed the published English literature regarding LH, summarized the clinical characteristics of LH, and discussed the probable pathophysiological mechanisms. RESULTS: In the first patient, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed cerebellar tonsillar herniation through the foramen magnum...
September 19, 2017: Headache
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