Read by QxMD icon Read

Industrial Health

Hisashi Eguchi, Akihito Shimazu, Takeo Fujiwara, Noboru Iwata, Kyoko Shimada, Masaya Takahashi, Masahito Tokita, Izumi Watai, Norito Kawakami
This study explored the effect of workplace psychosocial factors (job demand, job control, and workplace social support) on dual-earner couples in Japan having additional children, using a prospective study design. We conducted a 2-year prospective cohort study with 103 dual-earner couples with preschool children in Japan, as part of the Tokyo Work-Family Interface Study II. We used multivariable logistic regression analyses to evaluate the prospective association of job strain (categorized into low-strain job, active job, passive job, and strain job groups) and workplace social support (high and low) with couples having additional children during the follow-up period, adjusting for age, for men and women separately...
October 18, 2016: Industrial Health
Benedetta Persechino, Luca Fontana, Giuliana Buresti, Bruna Maria Rondinone, Patrizia Laurano, Grazia Fortuna, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
A good cooperation between occupational physicians and other healthcare professionals is essential in order to achieve an overall improvement of workers/patients\' well-being. Unfortunately, collaboration between occupational physicians and other physicians is often lacking or very poor. In this context, using a self-administered questionnaire, we investigated the cooperation of Italian occupational physicians with the National Health System (NHS) facilities and with the general practitioners in order to identify any potential critical issues that may hinder an effective and collaborative relationships between these professionals...
October 12, 2016: Industrial Health
Fumiaki Taka, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Keisuke Takemoto, Masumi Takeuchi, Shinichi Takenoshita, Aya Murakami, Haruko Hiraike, Hiroko Okinaga, Derek R Smith
We investigated relationships between the perception of organizational climate with gender equity and psychological health among 94 women and 211 men in a Japanese private university in 2015 using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (i.e., personal, work-related and student-related burnout). Perceptions of organizational climate with respect to gender equity were measured with two scales including organizational engagement with a gender equal society in the workplace (consisting of three domains of 'Women utilization', 'Organizational promotion of gender equal society' and 'Consultation service'); and a gender inequality in academia scale that had been previously developed...
October 1, 2016: Industrial Health
Yang Yang, Albert Ping-Chuen Chan
This study aims to examine the benefits of wearing a new construction work uniform in real-work settings. A field experiment with a randomized assignment of an intervention group to a newly designed uniform and a control group to a commercially available trade uniform was executed. A total of 568 sets of physical, physiological, perceptual, and microclimatological data were obtained. A linear mixed-effects model (LMM) was built to examine the cause-effect relationship between the Perceptual Strain Index (PeSI) and heat stressors including wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT), estimated workload (relative heart rate), exposure time, trade, workplace, and clothing type...
September 22, 2016: Industrial Health
Satoko Iwasawa, Makiko Nakano, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Shigeru Tanaka, Yaeko Kawasumi, Ichiro Higashikubo, Akiyo Tanaka, Miyuki Hirata, Kazuyuki Omae
: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between indium exposure concentration in the respirable dust fraction (In-E) and indium in serum (In-S) in workers. METHODS: A total of 39 workers were studied. The study subjects were categorized into 3 groups, namely, smelting workers (n=7), ITO workers (n=6) in an ITO grinding plant, and other workers (n=26). In-E and In-S ranged from 0.004-24.0 µg/m(3) and 0.1-8.50 µg/L, respectively. The simple regression equation was log(In-S) = 0...
September 16, 2016: Industrial Health
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Industrial Health
Jutarat Rakprasit, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Ayako Morita
This study examines healthcare use in 2011 for communicable diseases among migrant workers compared with Thai workers in Thailand. The relative risks (RRs) of 14 communicable diseases (803,817 cases between ages 18 and 59) were calculated using the National Epidemiological Surveillance System, a nationwide hospital database. Regarding the migrant workers, 71.0% were Burmese and 17.3% were Cambodians. Significantly high comparative RRs for migrant workers were found for tuberculosis (TB) (male, RR=1.41; female, RR=2...
August 29, 2016: Industrial Health
Özge Akboğa, Selim Baradan
Ready mixed concrete (RMC) industry, one of the barebones of construction sector, has its distinctive occupational safety and health (OSH) risks. Employees experience risks that emerge during the fabrication of concrete, as well as its delivery to the construction site. Statistics show that usage and demand of RMC have been increasing along with the number of producers and workers. Unfortunately, adequate OSH measures to meet this rapid growth are not in place even in top RMC producing countries, such as Turkey...
August 13, 2016: Industrial Health
Susy Purnawati, Norito Kawakami, Akihito Shimazu, Dewa Putu Sutjana, Nyoman Adiputra
The present work describes a newly developed ergonomics-based job stress management program - Ergo-JSI (Ergonomics-based Job Stress Intervention) - including a pilot study to ascertain the effects of the program on job strain, psychological distress, and blood cortisol levels among bank employees in Indonesia. A single-group, pre- and post-test experimental study was conducted in a sample of employees in a National Bank in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. The outcomes of the study focused on reductions in job strain index and psychological distress, measured by the Indonesian version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), and improvement in blood cortisol levels following the study...
August 6, 2016: Industrial Health
Kyungjin Lee, Chunhui Suh, Jong-Eun Kim, Jae Oh Park
This study examined the association between long working hours and psychosocial stress responses. In total, 1,122 white-collar workers from a company in Korea completed self-administered questionnaires following a lecture about the study aim, procedures, and confidentiality. Psychosocial stress responses were evaluated using the Psychosocial Well-being Index - Short Form (PWI-SF), and psychosocial working conditions were evaluated with the Korean Occupational Stress Scale - Short Form (KOSS-SF). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed after adjusting for demographic variables and psychosocial working conditionsto examine associations between long working hours and psychosocial stress responses...
August 6, 2016: Industrial Health
Kounosuke Suzuki, Kyoko Nomura, Shinichi Takenoshita, Kazumichi Ando, Michiko Kido
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of parity and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) on low birth weight (LBW) infants among Japanese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Participants included 1518 mothers (mean age 34.0 years) of singleton full-term infants in 2011. RESULTS: The incidence of LBW infants was 7.5% in primiparous women with BMI\\<18.5 (Group A; n=239), 4.0% in multiparous women with BMI\\<18.5 (Group B; n=124), 6...
July 29, 2016: Industrial Health
Soo Shen Ooi, Joon Wah Mak, Donald K F Chen, Stephen Ambu
BACKGROUND: The free-living protozoan Acanthamoeba is an opportunistic pathogen that is ubiquitous in our environment. However, its role in affecting indoor air quality and ill-health of indoor occupants is relatively unknown. The present study investigated the presence of Acanthamoeba from the ventilation system and its correlation with other indoor air quality parameters, used in the industry code of practice and its potential as an indicator for indoor air quality. METHODS: Indoor air quality assessments were carried out in nine commercial buildings with approval from the building management, and the parameters assessed were as recommended by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health...
July 29, 2016: Industrial Health
Anna Anund, Jonas Ihlström, Carina Fors, Göran Kecklund, Ashleigh Filtness
Driver fatigue has received increased attention during recent years and is now considered to be a major contributor to approximately 15-30% of all crashes. However, little is known about fatigue in city bus drivers. It is hypothesized that city bus drivers suffer from sleepiness, which is due to a combination of working conditions, lack of health and reduced sleep quantity and quality. The overall aim with the current study is to investigate if severe driver sleepiness, as indicated by subjective reports of having to fight sleep while driving, is a problem for city based bus drivers in Sweden and if so, to identify the determinants related to working conditions, health and sleep which contribute towards this...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Takayoshi Suzuki, Yoko Sakakibara, Naomi Hisanaga, Kiyoshi Sakai, Il-Je Yu, Hyun-Sul Lim, Hiroshige Mikamo, Hiroshi Seno, Fumio Kobayashi, Eiji Shibata
To demonstrate the correlations between the concentrations of ferruginous body as well as uncoated fiber both of which can be observed with phase-contrast microscope and the concentration of various inorganic fibers including asbestos which requires the observation with TEM or SEM, we measured those indices among Japanese and Korean cases. Though the concentration of ferruginous body in lung tissue is an important index of asbestos exposure, uncoated fibers observed with phase-contrast microscope might be another index especially in such cases with relatively low exposure due to their history of living in a general environment...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Takehiro Nakamura, Ichiro Oyama, Yoshihisa Fujino, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Koji Kadowaki, Masamizu Kunimoto, Haruka Odoi, Hidetoshi Tabata, Shinya Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the efficacy of the occupational slip, trip and fall (STF) risk assessment test developed by the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA). We further intended to simplify the test to improve efficiency. METHODS: A previous cohort study was performed using 540 employees aged ≥50 years who took the JISHA's STF risk assessment test. We conducted multivariate analysis using these previous results as baseline values and answers to questionnaire items or score on physical fitness tests as variables...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Yang Zhang, Faxuan Wang, Dingzi Zhou, Xiaohui Ren, Dinglun Zhou, Xiaosi Gao, Yajia Lan, Qin Zhang, Xiaoqi Xie
Background To identify differentially expressed miRNAs profiles in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with silicosis and consider the potential contribution of miRNAs to silicosis.Methods miRNAs expression profiling were performed in the cell fraction of BALF samples obtained from 9 subjects (3 silicosis observation subjects, 3 stage I and stage II silicosis patients, respectively). The differential expression of two selected miRNAs hsa-miR-181c-5p and hsa-miR-29a-3p were confirmed by RT-qPCR...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Anjali Nag, Heer Vyas, Pranab Nag
Workers in the Indian informal sector are engaged with different occupations. These occupations involve varied work related hazards. These occupational hazards are a consequent risk to health. The study aimed to determine occupational health scenario in the Indian Informal sector. One thousand eleven hundred twenty two workers from five different occupations namely weaving (handloom and power loom), construction, transportation, tobacco processing and fish processing were assessed by interviewer administered health questionnaire...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Diego Montano
The present study proposes a set of quality requirements to management practices by taking into account the empirical evidence on their potential effects on health, the systemic nature of social organisations, and the current conceptualisations of management functions within the framework of comprehensive quality management systems. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses focusing on the associations between leadership and/or supervision and health in occupational settings are evaluated, and the core elements of an ISO 9001 standardisation approach are presented...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Young-Hyeon Bae, Kyoung Sam Min
This study was performed to determine the associations between work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), quality of life (QoL), and workplace stress among physical therapists (PTs) in South Korea. Self-reporting questionnaires were given to 855 PTs. Variables examined included general characteristics, WMSDs, QoL, and workplace stress. Of the 788 PTs who responded, 745 (94.5%) reported WMSDs affecting at least one body site. The most affected WMSDs site was the shoulder (23.3%), and the most reported number of body sites affected by WMSDs was one (50...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Prabhanjan K Pranav, Mrinmoy Biswas
A huge number of workers are employed in traditional rice mills where they are potentially exposed to dust. In this study a dust collection system was developed to capture the airborne dust in the rice mill. The feeding and sieving section of the mill was identified as major dust creating zone. The dust was captured by creating suitable air stream at feeding and sieving sections of the mill and collected in cyclone dust collector. The air stream was created by blower which was selected on the basis to get minimum air speed of 0...
August 5, 2016: Industrial Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"