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Industrial Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331126/self-reported-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-dentists-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Zainah Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al-Zoughool
Musculoskeletal disorders are very common in the dental practice. This cross-sectional study assessed the nature and prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) and their associated risk factors among dentists in three types of clinics in Riyadh. A structured, self-administered questionnaire about demographic characteristics, nature of work, and prevalence and frequency of MS was completed by 274 male and 241 female dentists. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables...
March 22, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321017/a-non-invasive-technique-for-the-evaluation-of-peripheral-circulatory-functions-in-female-subjects-with-raynaud-s-phenomenon
#2
Seyed Mohammad Mirbod, Haruo Sugiura
Japanese women now account for 43 percent of the labor force. A number of them are involved in construction, agricultural and forestry jobs. The aim of this study was to establish a non-invasive technique for the evaluation of peripheral circulatory functions in women with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP); and introduce a specific method for the assessment of vascular disturbances in females exposed to hand-transmitted vibration. The subjects of this study were 10 women with primary RP, 7 women with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) secondary to RP, and 17 females who were included as the control group...
March 17, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250334/evaluation-of-the-metabolic-rate-based-on-the-recording-of-the-heart-rate
#3
Jacques Malchaire, Francesca Romana d'AMBROSIO Alfano, Boris Igor Palella
The assessment of harsh working conditions requires a correct evaluation of the metabolic rate. This paper revises the basis described in the ISO 8996 standard for the evaluation of the metabolic rate at a work station from the recording of the heart rate of a worker during a representative period of time. From a review of the literature, formulas different from those given in the standard are proposed to estimate the maximum working capacity, the maximum heart rate, the heart rate and the metabolic rate at rest and the relation (HR vs...
February 28, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216516/suppressing-emotion-and-engaging-with-complaining-customers-at-work-related-to-experience-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#4
Jin-Ha Yoon, Mo-Yeol Kang, Dayee Jeung, Sei-Jin Chang
Our aim was to investigate the relationship between suppressing emotion and engaging with complaining customers at work and experience of depression and anxiety symptoms. We used nationally representative data from the Korean Working Condition Survey with 15,669 paid customer service workers. Job characteristics of "Engaging with Complaints," "Suppressing Emotion," experience of depression and anxiety symptoms were measured by self-reported questionnaires. Gender specific odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using multivariate logistic regression after controlling for age, income, education level, job satisfaction, and working hours per week...
February 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179610/occupational-safety-and-health-in-construction-a-review-of-applications-and-trends
#5
Fabián Alberto Suárez Sánchez, Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez, Joaquín Catalá Alís
Due to the high number of accidents that occur in construction and the consequences this has for workers, organizations, society and countries, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become a very important issue for stakeholders to take care of the human resource. For this reason, and in order to know how OSH research in the construction sector has evolved over time, this article - in which articles published in English were studied - presents an analysis of research conducted from 1930 to 2016. The classification of documents was carried out following the Occupational Safety and Health Cycle which is composed of five steps: regulation, education and training, risk assessment, risk prevention, and accident analysis...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179609/physical-and-environmental-hazards-in-the-prosthetics-and-orthotics-workshop-a-pilot-study
#6
Sarah Anderson, Rwth Stuckey, Diana Poole, Jodi Oakman
Background; Prosthetists and Orthotists (P&O) are exposed to physical hazards within the workshop environment. Concern regarding these exposures has been expressed by P&Os; however, little research has been undertaken. Exposures to noise and volatile organic compounds in amounts larger than statutorily allowed can have adverse short and long term consequences on people's health. OBJECTIVES: To identify and quantify hazardous noise and chemical exposures in a typical P&O workplace. METHODS: Noise and volatile organic compound testing was undertaken in 2011 and 2013...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154338/overwork-related-disorders-in-japan-recent-trends-and-development-of-a-national-policy-to-promote-preventive-measures
#7
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Masahiro Takamoto, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Kotaro Kayashima, Tadashi Takeshima, Masaya Takahashi
Overwork-related disorders, such as cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork, are a major occupational and public health issue worldwide, particularly in East Asian countries. This report discusses the recent trend of overwork-related disorders in Japan from the perspective of workers' compensated occupational diseases, as well as the development of a national policy for preventive measures against overwork-related disorders in Japan. Recently, the number of claimed and compensated cases of occupational mental disorders has increased substantially, particularly among young workers, as compared to those of occupational CCVD...
January 31, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123138/changes-in-drinking-habits-and-psychological-distress-in-japanese-non-or-occasional-drinking-workers-a-one-year-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Yuko Nakagawa, Kosuke Mafune, Akiomi Inoue, Hisanori Hiro
This study investigated whether non- or occasional drinkers' changes in drinking habits during a one-year period were related to psychological distress. Overall, 2,495 non- or occasional drinking employees (2,109 men and 386 women) completed a self-administered questionnaire measuring alcohol intake, psychological distress (12-item General Health Questionnaire), and demographic characteristics at baseline and one-year follow-up. They also completed a Web-based version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire to assess job stressors at baseline...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123137/workaholism-and-daily-energy-management-at-work-associations-with-self-reported-health-and-emotional-exhaustion
#9
Anika Susanne Schulz, Jessica Bloom, Ulla Kinnunen
Adequate energy management during the working day is essential for employees to remain healthy and vital. Research has investigated which energy management strategies are frequently used and which are most beneficial, but the results are inconclusive and research is still scarce. We aim to extend the current knowledge by considering individual differences in terms of working compulsively (as key feature of workaholism) with regard to energy management. Data were collected with an online survey in 1,253 employees from 12 different organizations...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123136/association-of-adaptive-and-maladaptive-narcissism-with-personal-burnout-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Roland VON Känel, Raphael M Herr, Annelies E M VAN Vianen, Burkhard Schmidt
Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1461employees (mean age 41.3±9.4 years, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111405/heat-stress-intervention-research-in-construction-gaps-and-recommendations
#11
Yang Yang, Albert Ping-Chuen Chan
Developing heat stress interventions for construction workers has received mounting concerns in recent years. However, limited efforts have been exerted to elaborate the rationale, methodology, and practicality of heat stress intervention in the construction industry. This study aims to review previous heat stress intervention research in construction, and to identify the major research gaps in methodological issues and offer detailed recommendations for future studies. A total of 35 peer-reviewed journal papers have exerted efforts to develop administrative, environmental and personal engineering controls to safeguard construction workers...
January 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090066/trapezius-muscle-activity-and-body-movement-at-the-beginning-and-the-end-of-a-workday-and-during-the-lunch-period-in-female-office-employees
#12
Corinne Nicoletti, Thomas Läubli
The aim of this study was to analyze the activity of the trapezius muscle and the arm acceleration during the course of a workday in office employees. It was examined if there are significant changes in trapezius muscle activity in the afternoon compared to the morning work period and relationships to the level of arm acceleration during lunchtime. Nineteen female office employees were recruited. A one hour period of the work in the morning and in the afternoon, and the lunchtime were compared. The measures of the trapezius muscle activity and muscle rest time (TR) did not significantly differ between working in the morning (TR: median 10%; range 1%-49) or working in the afternoon (TR: median 18%; range 2%-34%)...
January 13, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090065/assessment-of-workplace-air-concentrations-of-formaldehyde-during-and-before-working-hours-in-medical-facilities
#13
Ichiro Higashikubo, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Satoru Yoshida, Shinsuke Tanaka, Mitsunori Matsuoka, Heihachiro Arito, Akihiro Araki, Hidesuke Shimizu, Haruhiko Sakurai
Workplace air concentrations of formaldehyde (FA) in medical facilities where FA and FA-treated organs were stored and handled were measured before and during working hours and assessed by the official method specified by Work Environment Measurement Law. Sixty-percent of the total facilities examined were judged as inappropriately controlled work environment. The concentrations of FA before working hours by spot sampling were found to exceed 0.1 ppm in some facilities, and tended to increase with increasing volume of containers storing FA and FA-treated materials...
January 13, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049935/work-sleep-and-cholesterol-levels-of-u-s-long-haul-truck-drivers
#14
Michael K Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Adam Hege, Laurie Wideman, Sevil Sonmez
Long-haul truck drivers in the United States experience elevated cardiovascular health risks, possibly due to hypercholesterolemia. The current study has two objectives: 1) to generate a cholesterol profile for U.S. long-haul truck drivers; and 2) to determine the influence of work organization characteristics and sleep quality and duration on cholesterol levels of long-haul truck drivers.Survey and biometric data were collected from 262 long-haul truck drivers. Descriptive analyses were performed for demographic, work organization, sleep, and cholesterol measures...
December 30, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666953/role-of-work-uniform-in-alleviating-perceptual-strain-among-construction-workers
#15
Yang Yang, Albert Ping-Chuen Chan
This study aims to examine the benefits of wearing a new construction work uniform in real-work settings. A field experiment with a randomized assignment of an intervention group to a newly designed uniform and a control group to a commercially available trade uniform was executed. A total of 568 sets of physical, physiological, perceptual, and microclimatological data were obtained. A linear mixed-effects model (LMM) was built to examine the cause-effect relationship between the Perceptual Strain Index (PeSI) and heat stressors including wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT), estimated workload (relative heart rate), exposure time, trade, workplace, and clothing type...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644848/personal-indium-exposure-concentration-in-respirable-dusts-and-serum-indium-level
#16
Satoko Iwasawa, Makiko Nakano, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Shigeru Tanaka, Yaeko Kawasumi, Ichiro Higashikubo, Akiyo Tanaka, Miyuki Hirata, Kazuyuki Omae
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between indium exposure concentration in the respirable dust fraction (In-E) and indium in serum (In-S) in workers. METHODS: A total of 39 workers were studied. The study subjects were categorized into 3 groups, namely, smelting workers (n=7), ITO workers (n=6) in an ITO grinding plant, and other workers (n=26). In-E and In-S ranged from 0.004-24.0 μg/m(3) and 0.1-8.50 μg/L, respectively. The simple regression equation was log(In-S)=0...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568680/hematocrit-level-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-thai-taxi-drivers-additional-concern
#17
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568679/healthcare-use-for-communicable-diseases-among-migrant-workers-in-comparison-with-thai-workers
#18
Jutarat Rakprasit, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Ayako Morita
This study examines healthcare use in 2011 for communicable diseases among migrant workers compared with Thai workers in Thailand. The relative risks (RRs) of 14 communicable diseases (803,817 cases between ages 18 and 59) were calculated using the National Epidemiological Surveillance System, a nationwide hospital database. Regarding the migrant workers, 71.0% were Burmese and 17.3% were Cambodians. Significantly high comparative RRs for migrant workers were found for tuberculosis (TB) (male, RR=1.41; female, RR=2...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524105/safety-in-ready-mixed-concrete-industry-descriptive-analysis-of-injuries-and-development-of-preventive-measures
#19
Özge Akboğa, Selim Baradan
Ready mixed concrete (RMC) industry, one of the barebones of construction sector, has its distinctive occupational safety and health (OSH) risks. Employees experience risks that emerge during the fabrication of concrete, as well as its delivery to the construction site. Statistics show that usage and demand of RMC have been increasing along with the number of producers and workers. Unfortunately, adequate OSH measures to meet this rapid growth are not in place even in top RMC producing countries, such as Turkey...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498571/the-impact-of-long-working-hours-on-psychosocial-stress-response-among-white-collar-workers
#20
Kyungjin Lee, Chunhui Suh, Jong-Eun Kim, Jae Oh Park
This study examined the association between long working hours and psychosocial stress responses. In total, 1,122 white-collar workers from a company in Korea completed self-administered questionnaires following a lecture about the study aim, procedures, and confidentiality. Psychosocial stress responses were evaluated using the Psychosocial Well-being Index - Short Form (PWI-SF), and psychosocial working conditions were evaluated with the Korean Occupational Stress Scale - Short Form (KOSS-SF). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed after adjusting for demographic variables and psychosocial working conditions to examine associations between long working hours and psychosocial stress responses...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
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