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Industrial Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768939/latent-profile-analysis-of-lifestyle-characteristics-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-koreans-who-have-completed-industrial-accident-care
#1
Wan-Suk Choi, Ok-Kon Moon, Dong-Moon Yeum
This study investigated the characteristics and health behavior profiles of 1,803 workers who had experienced industrial accidents. Average weekly exercise days, average number of cigarettes smoked per day, average daily sleep duration, and number of days of alcohol consumption were selected to investigate health behavior profiles. Specifically, latent profile analysis was applied to identify the health behavior profiles of people who had completed industrial accident care; the latent classes were the health-conscious type (n=240), the potential-risk type (n=850), and the high-risk type (n=713)...
August 1, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701657/equation-to-estimate-visceral-adipose-tissue-volume-based-on-anthropometry-for-workplace-health-checkup-in-japanese-abdominally-obese-men
#2
Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Kousaku Saotome, Kiyoji Tanaka
The purpose of this study was to develop a new equation model for predicting abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume using anthropometric values for workplace health checkup and to clarify the association between metabolic risk factors and measured and predicted VAT volumes. Two hundred sixty male workers (200 for derivation group and 60 for validation group) participated in the cross-sectional study. The anthropometric variables and VAT volume were measured with 24 consecutive magnetic resonance images...
July 11, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680003/the-relationship-between-sleep-disturbances-and-depression-in-daytime-workers-a-cross-sectional-structured-interview-survey
#3
Hiroki Ikeda, Kotaro Kayashima, Takeshi Sasaki, Sachiko Kashima, Fumihiko Koyama
The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between sleep disturbances and depression in daytime workers using a structured interview. A total of 1184 daytime workers were enrolled. We evaluated difficulty initiating sleep (DIS), difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS), early morning awakening (EMA), and global insomnia scores (ISs) in all participants. As a result, the prevalences of DIS, DMS, and EMA were 16%, 46%, and 22 %, respectively. IS was significantly correlated with depression score. Additionally, although all IS subscales (i...
July 6, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637944/service-and-sales-workers-are-they-vulnerable-to-smoking-cessation
#4
Youn-Mo Cho, Jun-Pyo Myong, Hyoung-Ryoul Kim, HyeEun Lee, Jung-Wan Koo
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between failed smoking cessation and occupation by age stratification among Korean males and provide quantitative evidence of factors associated with failed smoking cessation. The study comprised 3,127 male workers who had attempted smoking cessation during their life time. Data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. Participants were stratified by age into two subgroups comprising a younger group (19-40 years) and an older group (41-60 years)...
June 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566566/sp-measurements-of-clothing-evaporative-resistance-using-a-sweating-thermal-manikin-an-overview
#5
Faming Wang
Evaporative resistance has been widely used to describe the evaporative heat transfer property of clothing. It is also a critical variable in heat stress models for predicting human physiological responses in various environmental conditions. At present, sweating thermal manikins provide a fast and cost-effective way to determine clothing evaporative resistance. Unfortunately, the measurement repeatability and reproducibility of evaporative resistance are rather low due to the complicated moisture transfer processes through clothing...
June 1, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484146/effectiveness-of-participatory-training-for-the-promotion-of-work-related-health-and-safety-among-korean-farmers
#6
Jin-Seok Kim, Seong-Yong Yoon, Seong-Yong Cho, Sang-Kyu Kim, In-Sung Chung, Hyeong-Soo Shin
This study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of participatory training for promoting farmer's health and reducing agricultural work-related injuries. Candidates for this study included 595 farmers in 8 rural villages of South Korea. The one-day course participatory training was administered to 217 (36.5%) farmers and included an action-checklist, a good example presentation, and group discussion. The follow-up visit to participants' houses and farms was performed after 1 to 3 months. A direct interview survey was administered pre- and post-trainings...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484145/comparison-the-effects-of-poor-health-and-low-income-on-early-retirement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
The main aim of this study was to estimate the effects of poor health and low income on early retirement. For this purpose systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Web of Science, PUBMED and Scopus databases were searched systematically. Finally 17 surveys were added in meta-analysis. These studies were conducted in 13 countries. At the end a Meta regression was done to show the effects of welfare system type on effect sizes of poor health and low income. The results of this study showed that poor health had effect on the risk of early retirement...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484144/musculoskeletal-disorders-owas-review
#8
Marta Gómez-Galán, José Pérez-Alonso, Ángel-Jesús Callejón-Ferre, Javier López-Martínez
The prevention of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) is very important in the world. Governments and companies are the most interested. The objective of the present work is to review the literature on the applications of the OWAS method in the diverse sectors or fields of knowledge and countries from its publication to March 2017. The use of OWAS method has been classified by categories of knowledge, by country and by year. The search was made by selecting only the main collection of the Web of Science. This was selected by the option "Advanced search" using the term OWAS (ts=OWAS) for the time period of 1900 to 2017...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484131/relationships-between-occupational-and-behavioral-parameters-and-oral-health-status
#9
Takashi Zaitsu, Toshiya Kanazawa, Yuka Shizuma, Akiko Oshiro, Sachiko Takehara, Masayuki Ueno, Yoko Kawaguchi
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of various workplace parameters and oral health behaviors on tooth decay, periodontal disease, and the number of teeth present in industrial workers. The study participants were 1,078 workers (808 males, 270 females, mean age 42.8 ± 11.4 yr) employed at 11 different workplaces. Oral examinations and a self-administered questionnaire were conducted for participants. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors related to their oral health status...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428502/white-collar-workers-hemodynamic-responses-during-working-hours
#10
Xinxin Liu, Kazuyuki Iwakiri, Midori Sotoyama
In the present study, two investigations were conducted at a communication center, to examine white-collar workers' hemodynamic responses during working hours. In investigation I, hemodynamic responses were measured on a working day; and in investigation II, cardiovascular responses were verified on both working and non-working days. In investigation I, blood pressure, cardiac output, heart rate, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance were measured in 15 workers during working hours (from 9:00 am to 18:00 pm) on one working day...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428501/job-stress-and-behavioral-characteristics-in-relation-to-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-japanese-police-officers
#11
Maki Shiozaki, Nobuyuki Miyai, Ikuharu Morioka, Miyoko Utsumi, Sonomi Hattori, Hiroaki Koike, Mikio Arita, Kazuhisa Miyashita
This study examined the association between job-related behavioral characteristics and the risk of coronary heart diseases (CHD) in Japanese male police officers. Compared to office clerks, police officers exhibited greater age-related increases of the prevalence of CHD risk factors, and a clustering number of CHD risk factors was significantly higher in the group of those over 45 yr of age. Among the police officers, coronary-prone behavior was more frequent than that seen in office clerks. The police officers with coronary-prone behavior tended to engage in shift work and to work overtime more; yet they were less likely to perceive job stress and to express the relevant physical and psychological symptoms than those without coronary-prone behavior...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420807/effects-of-modifications-to-the-health-and-social-sector-s-collective-agreement-on-the-objective-characteristics-of-working-hours
#12
Annina Ropponen, Päivi Vanttola, Aki Koskinen, Tarja Hakola, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention on objective working-hour characteristics. The intervention involved making modifications to the collective agreement that would limit employees' entitlement to time off as compensation. The intervention group consisted of 493 and the control group of 2,303 health and social care shift workers, respectively. We analysed the objective pay roll-based working-hour data for 2012-2013, which we obtained from employers' records, using the repeated measures mixed model...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420806/the-association-of-occupational-metals-exposure-and-oxidative-damage-telomere-shortening-in-fitness-equipments-manufacturing-workers
#13
Jiunn-Liang Ko, Yu-Jung Cheng, Guan-Cen Liu, I-Lun Hsin, Hsiu-Ling Chen
The welding is the major working process in fitness equipment manufacturing industry, and International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified welding fumes as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). The present study aimed to evaluate associations between the occupational exposure of metals and oxidative damage and telomere length shortening in workers involved in the manufacture of fitness equipment. The blood metal concentrations were monitored and malondialdehyde (MDA), alkaline Comet assay was determined as oxidative damage in 117 workers from two representative fitness equipment manufacturing plants...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331126/self-reported-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-dentists-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Zainah Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al-Zoughool
Musculoskeletal disorders are very common in the dental practice. This cross-sectional study assessed the nature and prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) and their associated risk factors among dentists in three types of clinics in Riyadh. A structured, self-administered questionnaire about demographic characteristics, nature of work, and prevalence and frequency of MS was completed by 274 male and 241 female dentists. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables...
August 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321017/a-non-invasive-technique-for-the-evaluation-of-peripheral-circulatory-functions-in-female-subjects-with-raynaud-s-phenomenon
#15
Seyed Mohammad Mirbod, Haruo Sugiura
Japanese women now account for 43 percent of the labor force. A number of them are involved in construction, agricultural and forestry jobs. The aim of this study was to establish a non-invasive technique for the evaluation of peripheral circulatory functions in women with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and introduce a specific method for the assessment of vascular disturbances in females exposed to hand-transmitted vibration. The subjects of this study were 10 women with primary RP, 7 women with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) secondary to RP, and 17 females who were included as the control group...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250334/evaluation-of-the-metabolic-rate-based-on-the-recording-of-the-heart-rate
#16
Jacques Malchaire, Francesca Romana d'AMBROSIO Alfano, Boris Igor Palella
The assessment of harsh working conditions requires a correct evaluation of the metabolic rate. This paper revises the basis described in the ISO 8996 standard for the evaluation of the metabolic rate at a work station from the recording of the heart rate of a worker during a representative period of time. From a review of the literature, formulas different from those given in the standard are proposed to estimate the maximum working capacity, the maximum heart rate, the heart rate and the metabolic rate at rest and the relation (HR vs...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216516/suppressing-emotion-and-engaging-with-complaining-customers-at-work-related-to-experience-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#17
Jin-Ha Yoon, Mo-Yeol Kang, Dayee Jeung, Sei-Jin Chang
Our aim was to investigate the relationship between suppressing emotion and engaging with complaining customers at work and experience of depression and anxiety symptoms. We used nationally representative data from the Korean Working Condition Survey with 15,669 paid customer service workers. Job characteristics of "Engaging with Complaints", "Suppressing Emotion", experience of depression and anxiety symptoms were measured by self-reported questionnaires. Gender specific odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using multivariate logistic regression after controlling for age, income, education level, job satisfaction, and working hours per week...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179610/occupational-safety-and-health-in-construction-a-review-of-applications-and-trends
#18
Fabián Alberto Suárez Sánchez, Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez, Joaquín Catalá Alís
Due to the high number of accidents that occur in construction and the consequences this has for workers, organizations, society and countries, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become a very important issue for stakeholders to take care of the human resource. For this reason, and in order to know how OSH research in the construction sector has evolved over time, this article-in which articles published in English were studied-presents an analysis of research conducted from 1930 to 2016. The classification of documents was carried out following the Occupational Safety and Health Cycle which is composed of five steps: regulation, education and training, risk assessment, risk prevention, and accident analysis...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179609/physical-and-environmental-hazards-in-the-prosthetics-and-orthotics-workshop-a-pilot-study
#19
Sarah Anderson, Rwth Stuckey, Diana Poole, Jodi Oakman
Prosthetists and Orthotists (P&O) are exposed to physical hazards within the workshop environment. Concern regarding these exposures has been expressed by P&Os; however, little research has been undertaken. Exposures to noise and volatile organic compounds in amounts larger than statutorily allowed can have adverse short and long term consequences on people's health. To identify and quantify hazardous noise and chemical exposures in a typical P&O workplace. Noise and volatile organic compound testing was undertaken in 2011 and 2013...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154338/overwork-related-disorders-in-japan-recent-trends-and-development-of-a-national-policy-to-promote-preventive-measures
#20
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Masahiro Takamoto, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Kotaro Kayashima, Tadashi Takeshima, Masaya Takahashi
Overwork-related disorders, such as cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork, are a major occupational and public health issue worldwide, particularly in East Asian countries. This report discusses the recent trend of overwork-related disorders in Japan from the perspective of workers' compensated occupational diseases, as well as the development of a national policy for preventive measures against overwork-related disorders in Japan. Recently, the number of claimed and compensated cases of occupational mental disorders has increased substantially, particularly among young workers, as compared to those of occupational CCVD...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
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