Read by QxMD icon Read

Industrial Health

Özge Akboğa Kale, Tuğba Eskişar
Geotechnical site works are comprehensive, and they constitute the first step of the construction process. This study performs data mining of geotechnical works and analyzes the database for the root causes of accidents. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was chosen for the 1984-2013 time frame with 247 cases. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed to discuss variables such as the end use of the work, project type and cost, soil type and condition, type and degree of injury, cause and type of accident, unsafe acts, and occupation and union status of the victim...
May 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Quentin Durand-Moreau, Clarisse LE Deun, Brice Lodde, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
There is no single agreed definition of workaholism. Most interventions proposed for people suffering from workaholism target individuals. There is a paucity of descriptions of workplace risk factors. Our study examines case reports of patients suffering from workaholism with a focus on the role of the workplace. We describe case reports from patients of the Occupational Disease Centre in Brest, France between 2013 and 2016. Consultations were conducted within the framework of clinical occupational medicine with a focus on real work situations...
May 17, 2018: Industrial Health
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Bente E Moen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli
The present study comprised 1,781 nurses who participated in an investigation about working conditions, sleep, and health. They answered a questionnaire about age, sex, marital status, children living at home, work hours per week, number of night shifts last year, and total sleep duration and that also included a validated instrument assessing workaholism. In addition, they were asked to report on eight items concerning negative work-related incidents (dozed off at work, dozed while driving, harmed or nearly harmed self, harmed or nearly harmed patients/others, and harmed or nearly harmed equipment)...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
Wan-Yu Yeh, Ching-Ying Yeh, Chiou-Jong Chen
Distinct differences exist between public-private sector organizations with respect to the market environment and operational objectives; furthermore, among private sector businesses, organizational structures and work conditions often vary between large- and small-sized companies. Despite these obvious structural distinctions, however, sectoral differences in employees' psychosocial risks and burnout status in national level have rarely been systematically investigated. Based on 2013 national employee survey data, 15,000 full-time employees were studied...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
Kyungyong Jung, Dae Hwan Kim, Ji Young Ryu
In this study, we explored the relationship between concealing emotions at work and musculoskeletal symptoms in Korean workers using data from a national, population-based survey. Data were obtained from the third Korean Working Conditions Survey in 2011. We investigated the prevalence of three musculoskeletal symptoms ("back pain", "pain in the upper extremities", and "pain in the lower extremities"). Multiple logistic regression analysis was also performed to determine odds ratios (ORs) for musculoskeletal symptoms according to concealing emotions at work, adjusting for socioeconomic factors...
May 11, 2018: Industrial Health
Emiko Ando, Yuko Kachi, Norito Kawakami, Yoshiharu Fukuda, Tomoyuki Kawada
This study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association of non-standard employment with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Five years of data from the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions and National Health and Nutritional Survey were combined. We used logistic regression to examine the association of employment contract (non-standard [part-time, dispatched, or contract] vs. standard [full-time and permanent]) with eight cardiovascular disease risk factors among 1,636 men and 2,067 women aged 40-60 years...
April 13, 2018: Industrial Health
Dong-Hee Koh, Mi-Young Lee, Eun-Kyo Chung, Jae-Kil Jang, Dong-Uk Park
Previous studies have shown that biomarkers of chemicals with long half-lives may be better surrogates of exposure for epidemiological analyses, leading to less attenuation of the exposure-disease association, than personal air samples. However, chemicals with short half-lives have shown inconsistent results. In the present study, we compared pairs of personal air benzene and its short-half-life urinary metabolite trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA), and predicted attenuation bias of theoretical exposure-disease association...
April 12, 2018: Industrial Health
Show-Yi Yang, Jia-Ming Lin, Li-Hao Young, Ching-Wen Chang
We investigate exposure to welding fume metals in pipeline construction, which are responsible for severe respiratory problems. We analyzed air samples obtained using size-fractioning cascade impactors that were attached to the welders performing shielded metal and gas tungsten arc welding outdoors. Iron, aluminum, zinc, chromium, manganese, copper, nickel, and lead concentrations in the water-soluble (WS) and water-insoluble (WI) portions were determined separately, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 7, 2018: Industrial Health
Davood Afshari, Seyed Mahmood Latifi, Samira Kord, Maryam Nourollahi-Darabad
In 2011, load limits for manual lifting were adopted in Iran to protect workers from low back injury without prior testing of accuracy with Iranian workers. This investigation examined how accurate the adopted ACGIH TLVs at the allowable limits predict risk for LBP disorders for a group of Iranian workers using biomechanical criteria. Testing took place in the laboratory with participants completing a series of 2-handed lifting tasks as defined in the Iranian Guideline for Manual Lifting. To test accuracy, both compression and shear forces were estimated for fifteen male Iranian workers who completed 25 lift combinations that varied in height and reach with the maximal allowable load...
March 13, 2018: Industrial Health
Kessarawan Nilvarangkul, Teerasak Phajan, WongsaLAOHASIRIWONG, John F Smith, Dariwan Settheetham
This cross sectional study developed and validated a LBP risk-factor screening scale for use with sugarcane farmers. The scale was developed from a synthesis of LBP risk factors, pretested with 30 sugarcane farmers and administered to five hundred and forty sugarcane farmers to test its psychometric properties. Results indicated construct validity for three factors; physical factors (19 items) with factor loadings of 0.406 to 0.881 and communalities between 0.471 and 0.991; psychological factors (7 items) with factor loadings of 0...
March 10, 2018: Industrial Health
Mansour Ziaei, Alireza Choobineh, Mohammad Abdoli-Eramaki, Haleh Ghaem
In Iran-Shiraz, municipal solid waste is collected manually requiring strenuous physical activities. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associated risk factors. Two hundred male waste collectors participated in this cross-sectional study, in which task analysis followed by motion and timeline analysis were performed. The data were collected using demographic, occupation-specific physical and organizational demands, and Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaires...
March 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Ingrid Svensson, Chuansi Gao, Amitava Halder, Gunvor Gard, Måns Magnusson
Working and walking environments often involve standing positions on different surfaces with inclination and different friction. In this study, standing balance of thirteen participants during sudden and irregular external perturbation to calf muscles while standing was investigated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the combined effect of surface inclination and friction on standing balance. The main findings when eyes closed revealed that the standing utilised coefficient of friction (μSUCOF ) increased when the surface was inclined for both high and low friction materials...
March 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Tamie Nakajima, Hailan Wang, Yuki Ito, Hisao Naito, Dong Wang, Na Zhao, Hongling Li, Xinxiang Qiu, Lihua Xia, Jiabin Chen, Qifeng Wu, Laiyu Li, Hanlin Huang, Michihiro Kamijima
Occupational trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure can induce life-threatening generalized dermatitis accompanied by hepatitis: TCE hypersensitivity syndrome (HS). Since the patients' exposure levels have not been fully clarified, this study estimated end-of-shift urinary concentrations of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and their lower limit below which the disease occurrence was rare. TCA concentration was measured in 78 TCE HS patients whose urine was collected at admission between 2nd and 14th days after their last shift...
March 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Sachiko Makabe, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Mohd Said Nurumal, Junko Takagai, Orn-Anong Wichaikhum, Neyzang Wangmo, Yap Suk Foon, Wipada Kunaviktikul, Junko Komatsu, Hideko Shirakawa, Yutaka Kimura, Yoshihiro Asanuma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Industrial Health
Andrea Lastovkova, Melanie Carder, Hans Martin Rasmussen, Lars Sjoberg, Gerda J de Groene, Riitta Sauni, Jiri Vevoda, Sarka Vevodova, Gerard Lasfargues, Magnus Svartengren, Marek Varga, Claudio Colosio, Daniela Pelclova
The risk of psychological disorders influencing the health of workers increases in accordance with growing requirements on employees across various professions. This study aimed to compare approaches to the burnout syndrome in European countries. A questionnaire focusing on stress-related occupational diseases was distributed to national experts of 28 European Union countries. A total of 23 countries responded. In 9 countries (Denmark, Estonia, France, Hungary, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Sweden) burnout syndrome may be acknowledged as an occupational disease...
April 7, 2018: Industrial Health
Valentina Paolucci, Riccardo Romeo, Antonietta Gerardina Sisinni, Giuseppina Scancarello, Luca Volterrani, Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Lucio Barabesi, Pietro Sartorelli
Health surveillance of asbestos exposed workers should be stratified according to the exposure level. Unfortunately there is a lack of information regarding asbestos exposure in many working places and markers of asbestos exposure are often needed. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of different dose and effect biomarkers in the follow up of asbestos-exposed workers.Mineralogical analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) as a biomarker of asbestos fibre burden was performed in a population of 307 male subjects occupationally exposed to asbestos...
February 26, 2018: Industrial Health
Jianwu Chen
The desktop slot exhaust hood has been widely used, but it is calculated by empirical formula. Axial velocity change rule of desktop slot exhaust hood can effectively provide the basis of the wind speed needed in order to control the poison. According to gas motion mathematical model, the geometry model and boundary conditions of desktop slot exhaust hood was established, and the influence of the hood sizes to axial velocity were analyzed by Fluent simulation. The changes of relationship between the axial velocity(V) and the distance from the hood mouth (L), the short edge of the hood mouth(a), the long edge of the hood mouth(b), the equivalent diameter of the hood mouth(d) and the square root of the hood mouth area(√A) were comparative analyzed by dimensionless processing...
February 16, 2018: Industrial Health
Don-Hee Han, Min Soo Park
With economic growth, the use of chemicals has continually increased, resulting in an increase of chemical accidents. Chemical accidents pose a life threat and can lead to many health problems among the residents living in close proximity to chemical plants. This study aimed to investigate the awareness of the residents living near chemical plants about hazardous chemicals, as well as to survey the awareness of workers who do not directly handle chemicals at chemical plants (WNHCs). To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted among a total of 600 residents and 160 WNHCs...
February 10, 2018: Industrial Health
Jae-Il Oh, Hyeon Woo Yim
This study aimed to analyze the association between the shift work schedule and metabolic syndrome (MetS). This is a retrospective longitudinal study based on the 2015 health checkup data of 2,090 workers evaluated for MetS in 2010 at a general hospital in Korea. The participants were divided according to their shift work schedule into daytime, three-shift (8-h rotation), and two-shift (12-h rotation) workers. The index that indicates the association between the shift work schedule and MetS is the odds ratio (OR) calculated using multivariate logistic regression...
February 7, 2018: Industrial Health
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Masaya Takahashi, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
In Japan, overwork-related disorders occur among local public employees as well as those in private businesses. However, to date, there are no studies reporting the state of compensation for cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork or work-related stress among local public employees in Japan over multiple years. This report examined the recent trend of overwork-related CCVD and mental disorders, including the incidence rates of these disorders, among local public employees in Japan from the perspective of compensation for public accidents, using data from the Japanese Government and relevant organizations...
February 7, 2018: Industrial Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"