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Industrial Health

Ana Vanessa Bataller-Cervero, Juan Rabal-Pelay, Luis Enrique Roche-Seruendo, Belén Lacárcel-Tejero, Andrés Alcázar-Crevillén, Jose Antonio Villalba-Ruete, Cristina Cimarras-Otal
Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem in manufacturing workers. Several strategies have been proposed in order to reduce the pain and/or improve functionality. Among them, lumbar supports are a common solution prescribed for lumbar pain relief. Most of the studies in the literature only consider subjective sensations of the workers for evaluation assessment. This study applies biomechanical tests (a flexion-relaxation test and a functional movement evaluation test) to analyse the effectiveness of flexible lumbar supports in functionality and disability versus placebo intervention, consisting of kinesiotape placed on the low back without any stress...
January 16, 2019: Industrial Health
Peter Bröde, Bernhard Kampmann
The standard ISO 8996 provides methods for the determination of metabolic rate from measured oxygen consumption (MVO2 ), as well as simplified estimation algorithms based on heart rate (MHR ). We quantified the accuracy of these methods by comparing MHR with MVO2 measured in 373 climatic chamber experiments under different workloads and widely varying heat stress conditions. While our results confirmed the 5% accuracy level for MVO2 , MHR considerably overestimated MVO2 due to the rise in core temperature concomitantly increasing heart rate by approximately 30 bpm/°C resulting in an overall error of 43%...
December 29, 2018: Industrial Health
Hisayoshi Ohta, Yonggang Qi, Kenichi Ohba, Tatsushi Toyooka, Rui-Sheng Wang
The role of metallothionein (MT)-like cadmium (Cd) binding protein (MTLCdBP) in protecting the testes against Cd toxicity was examined. In the acute Cd exposure treatment, cadmium chloride was intraperitoneally injected at 2 mg Cd/kg to Wistar male rats. In the chronic Cd toxicity treatments, 20 mg Cd/kg/day was orally administered for 5 days a week for 5, 10, and 15 weeks. MT (-I,-II) and MTLCdBP were measured using ELISA and Cd-Hem methods, respectively. Testicular tissues were immunostained with antibodies of MT-I,-II, MT-III, and MTLCdBP...
December 29, 2018: Industrial Health
Mineko Baba, Genta Miyama, Daisuke Sugiyama, Masahito Hitosugi
Sudden illness while driving has been identified as a major cause of vehicle collisions, particularly among taxi drivers. However, no previous studies have examined the factors contributing to the occurrence of health-related vehicle collisions. The current study aimed to identify the risk factors causing health-related vehicle collisions among taxi drivers, and to inform preventative interventions. A cross-sectional survey involving a written anonymous questionnaire was conducted for company-employed taxi drivers in Chiba Prefecture, Japan...
December 14, 2018: Industrial Health
Jessica Stanhope, Dino Pisaniello, Rebecca Tooher, Philip Weinstein
Recent reviews of musicians' musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) have reported heterogeneity in the outcomes reported and data collection tools used, making it difficult to compare and synthesise findings. The purpose of this present review was to improve the consistency of future research, by documenting the outcomes reported in recent studies of musicians' MSS and the data collection tools used. All English language, peer-reviewed studies, published 2007-2016 that reported musicians' self-reported MSS outcomes were identified...
December 14, 2018: Industrial Health
Toshio Kawai, Haruhiko Sakurai, Masayuki Ikeda
This study aimed to examine quantitative relation between ethylbenzene (EB) in air (EB-A) and un-metabolized EB in urine (EB-U) for biological monitoring of occupational EB exposure by urinalysis for EB. In total, 49 men in furniture production factories participated in the study. Time-weighted average EB-A was monitored by diffusive sampling. Urinalysis for EB was conducted by head-space gas-chromatography with end-of-shift samples. Data were subjected to regression analysis for statistical evaluation. A geometric mean (GM) and the maximum (Max) EB-A levels were 2...
December 8, 2018: Industrial Health
Rumi Seko, Miyuki Kawado, Sayana Saito, Takuma Shibuya, Miho Miyamoto, Hiroya Yamada, Hiroshige Taniwaki, Shuji Hashimoto
Taking action in response to health examination results is important to stay healthy. We aimed to investigate the associations between occupation, employment type and company size, and having a health examination and taking action in response to the results among Japanese employees. We focused on three particular actions by employees in response to health examination results: paying attention to one's health, receiving health guidance, and visiting a medical institution. We used anonymous data from the 2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions of Japan, a self-administered nationwide questionnaire survey...
December 8, 2018: Industrial Health
Keiji Muramatsu, Yoshihisa Fujino, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Makoto Otani, Shinya Matsuda
This study used health insurance claims data to examine the relationship between the length of sick leave and treatment administered to employees who received middle- to long-term accident and sickness benefits for ≥91 d due to mood disorders, anxiety, and dissociative, stress-related, somatoform and other nonpsychotic mental disorders. Employees who received psychotherapy had significantly shorter leaves of absence over one year compared to those that did not. Treatment with psychotropic drugs was significantly higher among those on leave for ≤365 d than those on leave for ≥366 d...
December 7, 2018: Industrial Health
Akira Kusumoto, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yoshihisa Fujino, Katsuyuki Namba, Tomohisa Nagata, Masako Nagata, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Koji Mori
A self-reported daily life note (LN) is an effective tool used by occupational physicians to assess the capacity of workers on sick leave due to mental illness to return to work (RTW). We aimed to clarify whether there were differences in the criteria used to define recovery for RTW between LN users and non-users, whether LN users were satisfied with LN, and whether non-users wanted to use LN. In total, 363 occupational physicians (238 LN users, 125 non-users) completed self-reported questionnaires covering demographic and occupational variables, and RTW assessment criteria...
November 17, 2018: Industrial Health
Charlotte C Gupta, Alison M Coates, Jill Dorrian, Siobhan Banks
Shiftwork leads to altered eating patterns, with workers often eating foods at all times across the 24h period. Strategies to reduce the burden of shiftwork on the workers should be prioritised and altering these eating patterns is an important area for change. This narrative review examines the current evidence on the individual and environmental factors influencing the eating behaviours of shiftworkers. A systematic search was conducted and yielded 62 articles. These were split into four themes that influence eating patterns; When shiftworkers eat, What type of foods shiftworkers eat, Where the food is sourced from, and Why shiftworkers choose to eat on shift...
November 8, 2018: Industrial Health
Roger O Kollock, Madeline Lyons, Gabe Sanders, Davis Hale
Injures are common in workers engaged in tactical occupations. Research suggests that the functional movement screen (FMS) may provide practitioners the ability to identify tactical athletes most at risk for injury. However, there exists controversy as to the effectiveness of the FMS as a tool for classifying injury risk. The purpose of the meta-analysis was to determine the predictive value of the FMS in determining injury risk in workers engaged in tactical occupations. We searched MEDLINE, Military & Government Collection (EBSCO), PubMed and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Technical Information Center databases for articles published between January 2007 and April 2017...
November 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Hiroo Wada, Manami Kimura, Ryutaro Shirahama, Tomokazu Tajima, Koutatsu Maruayama, Motoki Endo, Ai Ikeda, Takeshi Tanigawa
The desastrous traffic accidents to date have provided the relevance for promotion of harmonization of work with treatment and prevention of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in transport sectors. SDB is highly prevalent in commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers and is one cause of cognitive impairment and consequent traffic accidents, potentially costing billions and leading to many deaths. Various screening, diagnostic, and therapeutic approaches, some well established, are explored in this paper. Although drivers with SDB need to be appropriately diagnosed and treated, some are reluctant to continue their treatment or never submit to screening because of a lack of information...
October 27, 2018: Industrial Health
Taleb Askaripoor, Majid Motamedzade, Rostam Golmohammadi, Maryam Farhadian, Mohammad Babamiri, Mehdi Samavati
Disrupting sleepiness and fatigue during the post-lunch dip by environmental factors may result in a decrease in human errors and accidents, and enhance job performance. Recent studies have shown that both red white light as well as blue white light can have a positive effect on human alertness and mental functioning. In the present study, the light intervention was evaluated for its effectiveness on alleviating the post-lunch dip. Twenty healthy volunteers experienced 117 min of four light conditions preceded by a 13-min initial dim light while performing a continuous performance test (CPT) and undergoing recording of the electroencephalogram (EEG): blue-enriched white light (12000 K, 500 lx, BWL), red saturated white light (2700 K, 500 lx, RWL), normal white light (4000 K, 500 lx, NWL), and dim light (<5 lx, DL) conditions...
October 27, 2018: Industrial Health
Ko Matsudaira, Masaya Takahashi, Mika Kawaguchi, Ayumi Hamaguchi, Yuri Haga, Tadashi Koga
The majority of patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) suffer from chronic pain. Psychosocial factors play an important role in the chronicity of LBP. To explore the risk factors for chronic disabling LBP in detail, we assessed its various risk factors in Japanese workers, using data from the Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability (CUPID) study. Data were drawn from a 1-year follow-up of 20-59-year-old workers who participated in the CUPID study. A self-administered questionnaire assessed various factors, including individual characteristics, ergonomic work demands, and work-related or other psychosocial factors...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Manoj Kumar Sain, Makkhan Lal Meena
The present study is aimed to investigate the musculoskeletal issues and association of risk-factors with these problems among manual brick kiln workers. A modified Nordic Questionnaire was administered among 376 traditional brick kiln workers to collect data. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between musculoskeletal problems and risk-factors. Majority of workers (76.19%) involved in mould evacuating task reported wrist issues whereas lower back issues were reported by 62.35% of spading task workers...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Sally Lee Perrin, Jillian Dorrian, Charlotte Gupta, Stephanie Centofanti, Alison Coates, Lyla Marx, Karyn Beyne, Siobhan Banks
Flight attendants experience circadian misalignment and disrupted sleep and eating patterns. This survey study examined working time, sleep, and eating frequency in a sample (n=21, 4 males, 17 females) of Australian flight attendants (mean age=41.8 y, SD=12.0 y, mean BMI=23.8 kg/m2 , SD=4.1 kg/m2 ). Respondents indicated frequencies of snack, meal, and caffeine consumption during their last shift. Reported sleep duration on workdays (mean=4.6 h, SD=1.9 h) was significantly lower than on days off (M=7.2 h, SD=1...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Melahat Uzel Şener, Ceprail Şimşek, Şeref Özkara, Hale Evran, İlke Bursali, Atila Gökçek
The International Classification of High-resolution Computed Tomography for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases (ICOERD) has been developed for screening and diagnosis of occupational lung diseases. We evaluated the association of ICOERD with the International Labor Organization (ILO) classification and respiratory functions in pneumoconiosis. Chest x-rays of patients with pneumoconiosis were classified with ILO and ICOERD. Using HRCT, irregular opacity, pleural pathology, and emphysema was detected in 78, 19, and 53 patients, and using chest x-rays in 47, 4, and 14 patients, respectively...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Kazuyuki Iwakiri, Midori Sotoyama, Masaya Takahashi, Xinxin Liu, Shigeki Koda, Kiyoshi Ichikawa
Many care workers at elderly care facilities in Japan suffer occupational low back pain (LBP) despite the utilization of welfare equipment. When introducing welfare equipment such as hoists and sliding boards, education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment is usually conducted, but the effect of education diminishes with time. This intervention study aimed to examine the effect of re-education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment on the prevention of care workers' LBP at an elderly care facility...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Masoud Neghab, Ahmad Mirzaei, Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Mehdi Jahangiri, Maryam Zare, Saeed Yousefinejad
Respiratory effects of long term exposure to low levels of ammonia have not been thoroughly investigated. In this cross sectional study, 124 male subjects (67 high exposed and 57 low exposed), occupationally exposed to low levels of ammonia and 120 male referent individuals were investigated. Airborne concentrations of ammonia were measured and subjects underwent spirometry tests prior to and at end of their daily work shift. Average concentrations of ammonia in the breathing zones of the high and low exposed employees were found to be 1...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Christoph Augner
The objective of this study was to identify health and education related predictors of employment/self-employment in the age between 60 and 69 yr in Europe. Data were obtained from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) study-Wave 6. Our final sample (n=13,447) was retrieved from 16 European Union member states, Switzerland and Israel. We used logistic regression model including education level, physical and mental health parameters to predict employment/self-employment vs. retired. Employment/self-employment was associated with higher education status, increased risk for depression, and obesity, but with decreased risk for chronic diseases, loneliness and limitations in daily life activities...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
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