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Industrial Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637944/service-and-sales-workers-are-they-vulnerable-to-smoking-cessation
#1
Youn-Mo Cho, Jun-Pyo Myong, Hyoung-Ryoul Kim, HyeEun Lee, Jung-Wan Koo
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between failed smoking cessation and occupation by age stratification among Korean males and provide quantitative evidence of factors associated with failed smoking cessation. The study comprised 3,127 male workers who had attempted smoking cessation during their life time. Data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. Participants were stratified by age into two subgroups comprising a younger group (19-40 years) and an older group (41-60 years)...
June 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566566/sp-measurements-of-clothing-evaporative-resistance-using-a-sweating-thermal-manikin-an-overview
#2
Faming Wang
Evaporative resistance has been widely used to describe the evaporative heat transfer property of clothing. It is also a critical variable in heat stress models for predicting human physiological responses in various environmental conditions. At present, sweating thermal manikins provide a fast and cost-effective way to determine clothing evaporative resistance. Unfortunately, the measurement repeatability and reproducibility of evaporative resistance are rather low due to the complicated moisture transfer processes through clothing...
June 1, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484146/effectiveness-of-participatory-training-for-the-promotion-of-work-related-health-and-safety-among-korean-farmers
#3
Jin-Seok Kim, Seong-Yong Yoon, Seong-Yong Cho, Sang-Kyu Kim, In-Sung Chung, Hyeong-Soo Shin
This study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of participatory training for promoting farmer's health and reducing agricultural work-related injuries. Candidates for this study included 595 farmers in 8 rural villages of South Korea. The one-day course participatory training was administered to 217(36.5%) farmers and included an action-checklist, a good example presentation, and group discussion. The follow-up visit to participants\' houses and farms was performed after 1 to 3 months. A direct interview survey was administered pre- and post-trainings...
May 9, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484145/comparison-the-effects-of-poor-health-and-low-income-on-early-retirement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
The main aim of this study was to estimate the effects of poor health and low income on early retirement. For this purpose systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Web of Science, PUBMED and Scopus databases were searched systematically. Finally 17 surveys were added in meta-analysis. These studies were conducted in 13 countries. At the end a Meta regression was done to show the effects of welfare system type on effect sizes of poor health and low income. The results of this study showed that poor health had effect on the risk of early retirement...
May 9, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484144/musculoskeletal-disorders-owas-review
#5
Marta Gómez-Galán, José Pérez-Alonso, Ángel-Jesús Callejón-Ferre, Javier López-Martínez
The prevention of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) is very important in the world. Governments and companies are the most interested. The objective of the present work is to review the literature on the applications of the OWAS method in the diverse sectors or fields of knowledge and countries from its publication to March 2017. The use of OWAS method has been classified by categories of knowledge, by country and by year. The search was made by selecting only the main collection of the Web of Science. This was selected by the option "Advanced search" using the term OWAS (ts=OWAS) for the time period of 1900 to 2017...
May 9, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484131/relationships-between-occupational-and-behavioral-parameters-and-oral-health-status
#6
Takashi Zaitsu, Toshiya Kanazawa, Yuka Shizuma, Akiko Oshiro, Sachiko Takehara, Masayuki Ueno, Yoko Kawaguchi
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of various workplace parameters and oral health behaviors on tooth decay, periodontal disease, and the number of teeth present in industrial workers. The study participants were 1,078 workers (808 males, 270 females, mean age 42.8±11.4 years) employed at 11 different workplaces. Oral examinations and a self-administered questionnaire were conducted for participants. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors related to their oral health status...
May 2, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428502/white-collar-workers-hemodynamic-responses-during-working-hours
#7
Xinxin Liu, Kazuyuki Iwakiri, Midori Sotoyama
The present study conducted two investigations at a communication center to examine the workers' hemodynamic responses during working hours. The investigation I examined hemodynamic responses on a work day, and the investigation II verified cardiovascular responses on both work and non-work days. Fifteen workers participated in the investigation I, and blood pressure, cardiac output, heart rate, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance were measured during working hours (from 9 am to 6 pm) on a work day...
April 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428501/job-stress-and-behavioral-characteristics-in-relation-to-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-japanese-police-officers
#8
Maki Shiozaki, Nobuyuki Miyai, Ikuharu Morioka, Miyoko Utsumi, Sonomi Hattori, Hiroaki Koike, Mikio Arita, Kazuhisa Miyashita
This study examined the association between job-related behavioral characteristics and the risk of coronary heart diseases (CHD) in Japanese male police officers. Compared to office clerks, police officers exhibited greater age-related increases of the prevalence of CHD risk factors, and a clustering number of CHD risk factors was significantly higher in the group of those over 45 years of age. Among the police officers, coronary-prone behavior was more frequent than that seen in office clerks. The police officers with coronary-prone behavior tended to engage in shift work and to work overtime more; yet they were less likely to perceive job stress and to express the relevant physical and psychological symptoms than those without coronary-prone behavior...
April 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420807/effects-of-modifications-to-the-health-and-social-sector-s-collective-agreement-on-the-objective-characteristics-of-working-hours
#9
Annina Ropponen, Päivi Vanttola, Aki Koskinen, Tarja Hakola, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention on objective working-hour characteristics. The intervention involved making modifications to the collective agreement that would limit employees' entitlement to time off as compensation. The intervention group consisted of 493 and the control group of 2303 health and social care shift workers, respectively. We analysed the objective pay roll-based working-hour data for 2012-2013, which we obtained from employers' records, using the repeated measures mixed model...
April 14, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420806/the-association-of-occupational-metals-exposure-and-oxidative-damage-telomere-shortening-in-fitness-equipments-manufacturing-workers
#10
Jiunn-Liang Ko, Yu-Jung Cheng, Guan-Cen Liu, I-Lun Hsin, Hsiu-Ling Chen
The welding is the major working process in fitness equipment manufacturing industry, and International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified welding fumes as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). The present study aimed to evaluate associations between the occupational exposure of metals and oxidative damage and telomere length shortening in workers involved in the manufacture of fitness equipment. The blood metal concentrations were monitored and malondialdehyde (MDA), alkaline Comet assay was determined as oxidative damage in 117 workers from two representative fitness equipment manufacturing plants...
April 14, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321017/a-non-invasive-technique-for-the-evaluation-of-peripheral-circulatory-functions-in-female-subjects-with-raynaud-s-phenomenon
#11
Seyed Mohammad Mirbod, Haruo Sugiura
Japanese women now account for 43 percent of the labor force. A number of them are involved in construction, agricultural and forestry jobs. The aim of this study was to establish a non-invasive technique for the evaluation of peripheral circulatory functions in women with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and introduce a specific method for the assessment of vascular disturbances in females exposed to hand-transmitted vibration. The subjects of this study were 10 women with primary RP, 7 women with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) secondary to RP, and 17 females who were included as the control group...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250334/evaluation-of-the-metabolic-rate-based-on-the-recording-of-the-heart-rate
#12
Jacques Malchaire, Francesca Romana d'AMBROSIO Alfano, Boris Igor Palella
The assessment of harsh working conditions requires a correct evaluation of the metabolic rate. This paper revises the basis described in the ISO 8996 standard for the evaluation of the metabolic rate at a work station from the recording of the heart rate of a worker during a representative period of time. From a review of the literature, formulas different from those given in the standard are proposed to estimate the maximum working capacity, the maximum heart rate, the heart rate and the metabolic rate at rest and the relation (HR vs...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216516/suppressing-emotion-and-engaging-with-complaining-customers-at-work-related-to-experience-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#13
Jin-Ha Yoon, Mo-Yeol Kang, Dayee Jeung, Sei-Jin Chang
Our aim was to investigate the relationship between suppressing emotion and engaging with complaining customers at work and experience of depression and anxiety symptoms. We used nationally representative data from the Korean Working Condition Survey with 15,669 paid customer service workers. Job characteristics of "Engaging with Complaints", "Suppressing Emotion", experience of depression and anxiety symptoms were measured by self-reported questionnaires. Gender specific odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using multivariate logistic regression after controlling for age, income, education level, job satisfaction, and working hours per week...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179610/occupational-safety-and-health-in-construction-a-review-of-applications-and-trends
#14
Fabián Alberto Suárez Sánchez, Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez, Joaquín Catalá Alís
Due to the high number of accidents that occur in construction and the consequences this has for workers, organizations, society and countries, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become a very important issue for stakeholders to take care of the human resource. For this reason, and in order to know how OSH research in the construction sector has evolved over time, this article-in which articles published in English were studied-presents an analysis of research conducted from 1930 to 2016. The classification of documents was carried out following the Occupational Safety and Health Cycle which is composed of five steps: regulation, education and training, risk assessment, risk prevention, and accident analysis...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179609/physical-and-environmental-hazards-in-the-prosthetics-and-orthotics-workshop-a-pilot-study
#15
Sarah Anderson, Rwth Stuckey, Diana Poole, Jodi Oakman
Prosthetists and Orthotists (P&O) are exposed to physical hazards within the workshop environment. Concern regarding these exposures has been expressed by P&Os; however, little research has been undertaken. Exposures to noise and volatile organic compounds in amounts larger than statutorily allowed can have adverse short and long term consequences on people's health. To identify and quantify hazardous noise and chemical exposures in a typical P&O workplace. Noise and volatile organic compound testing was undertaken in 2011 and 2013...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154338/overwork-related-disorders-in-japan-recent-trends-and-development-of-a-national-policy-to-promote-preventive-measures
#16
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Masahiro Takamoto, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Kotaro Kayashima, Tadashi Takeshima, Masaya Takahashi
Overwork-related disorders, such as cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork, are a major occupational and public health issue worldwide, particularly in East Asian countries. This report discusses the recent trend of overwork-related disorders in Japan from the perspective of workers' compensated occupational diseases, as well as the development of a national policy for preventive measures against overwork-related disorders in Japan. Recently, the number of claimed and compensated cases of occupational mental disorders has increased substantially, particularly among young workers, as compared to those of occupational CCVD...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123138/changes-in-drinking-habits-and-psychological-distress-in-japanese-non-or-occasional-drinking-workers-a-one-year-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Yuko Nakagawa, Kosuke Mafune, Akiomi Inoue, Hisanori Hiro
This study investigated whether non- or occasional drinkers' changes in drinking habits during a one-year period were related to psychological distress. Overall, 2,495 non- or occasional drinking employees (2,109 men and 386 women) completed a self-administered questionnaire measuring alcohol intake, psychological distress (12-item General Health Questionnaire), and demographic characteristics at baseline and one-year follow-up. They also completed a Web-based version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire to assess job stressors at baseline...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123137/workaholism-and-daily-energy-management-at-work-associations-with-self-reported-health-and-emotional-exhaustion
#18
Anika Susanne Schulz, Jessica Bloom, Ulla Kinnunen
Adequate energy management during the working day is essential for employees to remain healthy and vital. Research has investigated which energy management strategies are frequently used and which are most beneficial, but the results are inconclusive and research is still scarce. We aim to extend the current knowledge by considering individual differences in terms of working compulsively (as key feature of workaholism) with regard to energy management. Data were collected with an online survey in 1,253 employees from 12 different organizations...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123136/association-of-adaptive-and-maladaptive-narcissism-with-personal-burnout-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Roland VON Känel, Raphael Manfred Herr, Annelies Elizabeth Maria VAN Vianen, Burkhard Schmidt
Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1,461 employees (mean age 41.3 ± 9.4 yr, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111405/heat-stress-intervention-research-in-construction-gaps-and-recommendations
#20
Yang Yang, Albert Ping-Chuen Chan
Developing heat stress interventions for construction workers has received mounting concerns in recent years. However, limited efforts have been exerted to elaborate the rationale, methodology, and practicality of heat stress intervention in the construction industry. This study aims to review previous heat stress intervention research in construction, to identify the major research gaps in methodological issues, and to offer detailed recommendations for future studies. A total of 35 peer-reviewed journal papers have been identified to develop administrative, environmental or personal engineering interventions to safeguard construction workers...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
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