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Industrial Health

Charlotte C Gupta, Alison M Coates, Jill Dorrian, Siobhan Banks
Shiftwork leads to altered eating patterns, with workers often eating foods at all times across the 24h period. Strategies to reduce the burden of shiftwork on the workers should be prioritised and altering these eating patterns is an important area for change. This narrative review examines the current evidence on the individual and environmental factors influencing the eating behaviours of shiftworkers. A systematic search was conducted and yielded 62 articles. These were split into four themes that influence eating patterns; When shiftworkers eat, What type of foods shiftworkers eat, Where the food is sourced from, and Why shiftworkers choose to eat on shift...
November 8, 2018: Industrial Health
Roger O Kollock, Madeline Lyons, Gabe Sanders, Davis Hale
Injures are common in workers engaged in tactical occupations. Research suggests that the functional movement screen (FMS) may provide practitioners the ability to identify tactical athletes most at risk for injury. However, there exists controversy as to the effectiveness of the FMS as a tool for classifying injury risk. The purpose of the meta-analysis was to determine the predictive value of the FMS in determining injury risk in workers engaged in tactical occupations. We searched MEDLINE, Military & Government Collection (EBSCO), PubMed and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Technical Information Center databases for articles published between January 2007 and April 2017...
November 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Hiroo Wada, Manami Kimura, Ryutaro Shirahama, Tomokazu Tajima, Koutatsu Maruayama, Motoki Endo, Ai Ikeda, Takeshi Tanigawa
The desastrous traffic accidents to date have provided the relevance for promotion of harmonization of work with treatment and prevention of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in transport sectors. SDB is highly prevalent in commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers and is one cause of cognitive impairment and consequent traffic accidents, potentially costing billions and leading to many deaths. Various screening, diagnostic, and therapeutic approaches, some well established, are explored in this paper. Although drivers with SDB need to be appropriately diagnosed and treated, some are reluctant to continue their treatment or never submit to screening because of a lack of information...
October 27, 2018: Industrial Health
Taleb Askaripoor, Majid Motamedzade, Rostam Golmohammadi, Maryam Farhadian, Mohammad Babamiri, Mehdi Samavati
Disrupting sleepiness and fatigue during the post-lunch dip by environmental factors may result in a decrease in human errors and accidents, and enhance job performance. Recent studies have shown that both red white light as well as blue white light can have a positive effect on human alertness and mental functioning. In the present study, the light intervention was evaluated for its effectiveness on alleviating the post-lunch dip. Twenty healthy volunteers experienced 117 min of four light conditions preceded by a 13-min initial dim light while performing a continuous performance test (CPT) and undergoing recording of the electroencephalogram (EEG): blue-enriched white light (12000 K, 500 lx, BWL), red saturated white light (2700 K, 500 lx, RWL), normal white light (4000 K, 500 lx, NWL), and dim light (<5 lx, DL) conditions...
October 27, 2018: Industrial Health
Ko Matsudaira, Masaya Takahashi, Mika Kawaguchi, Ayumi Hamaguchi, Yuri Haga, Tadashi Koga
The majority of patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) suffer from chronic pain. Psychosocial factors play an important role in the chronicity of LBP. To explore the risk factors for chronic disabling LBP in detail, we assessed its various risk factors in Japanese workers, using data from the Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability (CUPID) study. Data were drawn from a 1-year follow-up of 20-59-year-old workers who participated in the CUPID study. A self-administered questionnaire assessed various factors, including individual characteristics, ergonomic work demands, and work-related or other psychosocial factors...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Manoj Kumar Sain, Makkhan Lal Meena
The present study is aimed to investigate the musculoskeletal issues and association of risk-factors with these problems among manual brick kiln workers. A modified Nordic Questionnaire was administered among 376 traditional brick kiln workers to collect data. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between musculoskeletal problems and risk-factors. Majority of workers (76.19%) involved in mould evacuating task reported wrist issues whereas lower back issues were reported by 62.35% of spading task workers...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Sally Lee Perrin, Jillian Dorrian, Charlotte Gupta, Stephanie Centofanti, Alison Coates, Lyla Marx, Karyn Beyne, Siobhan Banks
Flight attendants experience circadian misalignment and disrupted sleep and eating patterns. This survey study examined working time, sleep, and eating frequency in a sample (n=21, 4 males, 17 females) of Australian flight attendants (mean age=41.8 y, SD=12.0 y, mean BMI=23.8 kg/m2 , SD=4.1 kg/m2 ). Respondents indicated frequencies of snack, meal, and caffeine consumption during their last shift. Reported sleep duration on workdays (mean=4.6 h, SD=1.9 h) was significantly lower than on days off (M=7.2 h, SD=1...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Melahat Uzel Şener, Ceprail Şimşek, Şeref Özkara, Hale Evran, İlke Bursali, Atila Gökçek
The International Classification of High-resolution Computed Tomography for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases (ICOERD) has been developed for screening and diagnosis of occupational lung diseases. We evaluated the association of ICOERD with the International Labor Organization (ILO) classification and respiratory functions in pneumoconiosis. Chest x-rays of patients with pneumoconiosis were classified with ILO and ICOERD. Using HRCT, irregular opacity, pleural pathology, and emphysema was detected in 78, 19, and 53 patients, and using chest x-rays in 47, 4, and 14 patients, respectively...
October 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Miho Takahashi, Chika Uetake, Naoko Nakayama, Akiko Eura, Natsumi Yamaguchi, Yui Kameda, Go Muto, Motoki Endo, Kayo Kawamata, Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Ko Matsudaira
This study aimed to obtain a comprehensive collection of ideas and opinions from the perspective of various professionals and support providers for cancer treatment and employment balance.We performed a focus group interview, and a model diagram was created using categories created via classification of important items.The focus group interview revealed six strategies aligned with seven issues concerning the support needed to balance cancer treatment and employment. These strategies suggested the importance of not only the way of directly connecting among several specialists but also the presence and the role of the coordinators with their own specialties...
September 28, 2018: Industrial Health
Benedetta Persechino, Luca Fontana, Giuliana Buresti, Grazia Fortuna, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
Several studies evaluated whether a person with multiple sclerosis is employed or not and investigated the main symptoms that hinder the job performance. However, despite occupational physicians are fundamental in managing disabled subjects, there is a serious lack of data regarding their role in improving employability of these workers. In this regard, we assessed occupational physicians' professional activity and training/updating needs in order to identify and develop management tools, operative procedures and training programs helpful to support and implement adequate job-retention strategies...
September 21, 2018: Industrial Health
Ismail Abdul Rahman, Norlizaa Mohamad, Jafri Mohd Rohani, Raemy Md Zein
Prolonged standing can cause discomfort on the body of the workers and can lead to injury and occupational disease. One of the ergonomic intervention is through improving the work-rest scheduling. The purpose of this study are to identify the fatigue level from the perception of the worker and to investigate the impact of the work-rest scheduling to the standing workers for 12 hours working time with a different gender. This study involved two methods which are self-assessment of the worker and direct measurement by using electromyography (EMG)...
September 13, 2018: Industrial Health
Siyeon Kim, Do-Hee Kim, Hyo-Hyun Lee, Joo-Young Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of firefighters' heat-related illness (HRI) in the line of duty with relation to resting/working hours and the behaviour of taking off PPE during rest periods based on nationwide survey (N=674). The results showed that 74.8% of firefighters experienced HRI symptoms and 5% of firefighters suffered from symptoms of HRI 20 times or more in a year. This study also showed a statistically significant correlation between working hours and removing PPE with the experience of HRI symptoms (P<0...
September 11, 2018: Industrial Health
Hiroo Wada, Saki Fukumoto, Kengo Tamamura, Go Muto, Jun Ueki, Takeshi Tanigawa
Home oxygen therapy (HOT), also known as long-term oxygen therapy, is prescribed to patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) due to advanced respiratory diseases, as it has been shown to improve the prognosis of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the therapeutic impact of HOT does not fully reflect the "socialization" of patients, which is one of the final goals of "comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation", proposed by the Japanese Respiratory Society...
September 5, 2018: Industrial Health
Hsieh-Ching Chen, Yung-Ping Liu, Wei-Hsien Hong, You-Chuan Lin, Chi-Yuang Yu
To reduce the muscular exertion of an operator wiring terminal blocks on a vertical plane, a chair with a unique back that can be used as a back support or arm support is proposed in this study. A digital version of the chair was first developed based on anthropometric data and tested with a digital anthropometric subject using the Jack software before the physical chair was developed. To evaluate the effects of the physical chair, an experiment of wiring terminal blocks was conducted with 12 subjects to test whether the use of the arm support can reduce muscular exertion...
August 30, 2018: Industrial Health
Kazuyuki Iwakiri, Midori Sotoyama, Masaya Takahashi, Xinxin Liu, Shigeki Koda, Kiyoshi Ichikawa
Many care workers at elderly care facilities in Japan suffer occupational low back pain (LBP) despite the utilization of welfare equipment. When introducing welfare equipment such as hoists and sliding boards, education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment is usually conducted, but the effect of education diminishes with time. This intervention study aimed to examine the effect of re-education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment on the prevention of care workers' LBP at an elderly care facility...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Masoud Neghab, Ahmad Mirzaei, Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Mehdi Jahangiri, Maryam Zare, Saeed Yousefinejad
Respiratory effects of long term exposure to low levels of ammonia have not been thoroughly investigated. In this cross sectional study, 124 male subjects (67 high exposed and 57 low exposed), occupationally exposed to low levels of ammonia and 120 male referent individuals were investigated. Airborne concentrations of ammonia were measured and subjects underwent spirometry tests prior to and at end of their daily work shift. Average concentrations of ammonia in the breathing zones of the high and low exposed employees were found to be 1...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Christoph Augner
The objective of this study was to identify health and education related predictors of employment/self-employment in the age between 60 and 69 yr in Europe. Data were obtained from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) study-Wave 6. Our final sample (n=13,447) was retrieved from 16 European Union member states, Switzerland and Israel. We used logistic regression model including education level, physical and mental health parameters to predict employment/self-employment vs. retired. Employment/self-employment was associated with higher education status, increased risk for depression, and obesity, but with decreased risk for chronic diseases, loneliness and limitations in daily life activities...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Nor Asma Musa, Foong Ming Moy, Li Ping Wong
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with poor sleep quality among secondary school teachers in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. This was a cross sectional study, conducted in two phases. Phase I tested the reliability of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in the Malay language (M-PSQI), whereas Phase II determined the prevalence and factors associated with poor sleep quality where a total of 1,871 secondary school teachers were studied. Participants were recruited using multistage sampling...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Taro Tamura, Yukinori Kusaka, Narufumi Suganuma, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Ponglada Subhannachart, Somkiat Siriruttanapruk, Narongpon Dumavibhat, Xing Zhang, Prahalad K Sishodiya, Tran Anh Thanh, Kurt G Hering, John E Parker, Eduardo Algranti, Francisco Santos O'Connor, Hisao Shida, Masanori Akira
Two hundred and thirty-three individuals read chest x-ray images (CXR) in the Asian Intensive Reader of Pneumoconiosis (AIR Pneumo) workshop. Their proficiency in reading CXR for pneumoconiosis was calculated using eight indices (X1-X8), as follows: sensitivity (X1) and specificity (X2) for pneumoconiosis; sensitivity (X3) and specificity (X4) for large opacities; sensitivity (X5) and specificity (X6) for pleural plaques; profusion increment consistency (X7); and consistency for shape differentiation (X8). For these eight indices, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Scheffe's multiple comparison were conducted on six groups, based on the participants' specialty: radiology, respiratory medicine, industrial medicine, public health, general internal medicine, and miscellaneous physicians...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Özge Akboğa Kale, Tugba Eskisar
Geotechnical site works are comprehensive, and they constitute the first step of the construction process. This study performs data mining of geotechnical works and analyzes the database for the root causes of accidents. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was chosen for the 1984-2013 time frame with 247 cases. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed to discuss variables such as the end use of the work, project type and cost, soil type and condition, type and degree of injury, cause and type of accident, unsafe acts, and occupation and union status of the victim...
October 3, 2018: Industrial Health
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