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Industrial Health

Anna K Koch, Mareike Adler
Emotional exhaustion and innovation at work are two major topics of interest to organization researchers, employees and employers. However, working conditions that foster innovation may also heighten employees´ emotional exhaustion. By conducting a two-wave, longitudinal online study among the German working population (N=320), we analyzed the longitudinal impact of qualitative overload, unreasonable tasks, social support from a supervisor, and task variety on emotional exhaustion and innovation based on the categorization approach from the job demands-resources model research...
July 10, 2018: Industrial Health
Kyeong Min Kwak, Kyoung Sook Jeong, Dong Hoon Shin, Won-Jun Choi, Hyun Soo Kim, Seong-Kyu Kang
1,2-Dichloropropane (1,2-DCP) is used widely in Korea as a substitute for trichloroethylene or methylene chloride. Some companies mistakenly consider that 1,2-DCP is an eco-friendly detergent because its use is not regulated, but 1,2-DCP is known to inhibit the central nervous system in animals; a few cases of accidental exposure have been reported in humans. We present a case of acute encephalopathy caused by exposure to 1,2-DCP. A 41-year-old male presented with dizziness, headache, and diplopia after exposure to the detergent without protective equipment...
July 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Kyaw Naing Win, Ashish Trivedi, Alice Sc Lai
In 2012, there were about 2.3 million deaths worldwide attributed to work. The highest workplace fatality rate (WFR) was reported on construction sites due to high risk activities. Globally, fall from height is the leading cause of fatal injuries for construction workers. The objectives are to determine Brunei Darussalam's demographic distribution of occupational fatality; identify common causal agents and industry where occupational fatalities commonly occur; and determine WFR by year. This cross-sectional study retrospectively reviewed records of occupational fatality which were notified to the Occupational Health Division, Ministry of Health, from January 2012 until December 2016...
July 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Beverly M Hittle, Gordon L Gillespie
Shift workers are at risk for developing serious health issues due to short sleep. One cause of short sleep is circadian misalignment: sleep time is not synchronized with the body's natural circadian rhythms. Although circadian rhythms are strongly driven by the light/dark cycle, humans have individualized sleep time preferences (chronotypes) based on genetics, development, and external influences. Evening chronotype individuals fall asleep later than average and have a higher risk for developing various noncommunicable diseases...
July 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Hans Pettersson, Sirkka Rissanen, Jens Wahlström, Hannu Rintamäki
Hand-arm vibration (HAV) from hand-held vibrating machines increases the risk of injury in the form of vasoconstriction in the fingers, commonly named as vibration induced white fingers (VWF). Cold temperature may increase that risk. This experimental study examined and compared the effects of the skin temperature of the hands during and after exposure to HAV in thermoneutral and cold conditions. Fourteen subjects were exposed to three conditions: 25°C with HAV, 5°C with HAV or 5°C without HAV. Their skin temperatures were continuously recorded for the thumbs, index fingers, palms, and back of hands...
July 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Naotaka Kikkawa, Nobutaka Hiraoka, Kazuya Itoh, Rolando P Orense
In February 2012, a serious accident which resulted in five fatalities happened during a TBM-tunnel construction under the seabed in Japan. The cause of the accident appeared to be due to the Key-segment slipping out of the segment ring by the thrusting tailskin (wire brushes) of the TBM into the segment ring. This resulted in the collapse of the rings, causing the seabed ground and seawater to flow into the tunnel. We investigated how thin and thick segments without any circumferential joints behave under isotropic and anisotropic pressures using small-scale physical model...
June 23, 2018: Industrial Health
Yuki Wakatsuki, Toshiyuki Sugimoto
The charge elimination method for moving charged objects was investigated using a passive type ionizer with an air assist to effectively eliminate the static charge generated at high speed by the roll-to-roll process. The passive ionizer has a grounded needle placed horizontally with respect to the moving charged roll and an air hole to eject an air flow to transport the ions from the grounded needle. The passive ionizer releases ions from the grounded needle electrode when the electric field at the tip of the grounded needle exceeds the corona inception condition...
June 23, 2018: Industrial Health
Sejong Lim, Ah-Ra Oh, Jeong-Hun Won, Jae-Joon Chon
This study analyzed the trend of construction accidents focused on the small-scale construction sites and the correlation between the ratios of official inspection by government and total fatality injuries per 10,000 people (TFR) by construction size in Korea. The method is to analyze statistical data for the construction accidents and official safety inspection system. In construction, accidents rate and TFR are recently increasing unlike other industries. In addition, the smaller the scale of construction sites, the higher the TFR, and vice versa...
June 23, 2018: Industrial Health
Yuriko Harada, Kenji Takeuchi, Michiko Furuta, Akihiko Tanaka, Shunichi Tanaka, Naohisa Wada, Yoshihisa Yamashita
This study aim was to examine whether the presence of untreated caries is different across occupational status among Japanese adults. This was a cross-sectional survey of 1,342 individuals (990 males and 352 females) aged 40-64 years who underwent medical and dental checkups at a healthcare center in 2011. Oral examination was performed by a dentist and the presence of untreated caries was defined as having at least one untreated decayed tooth. Data regarding current occupational status were obtained using a self-administered questionnaire; the participants were classified into five groups: professionals and managers, clerical and related workers, service and salespersons, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers, and homemakers and unemployed...
June 21, 2018: Industrial Health
Susanna Järvelin-Pasanen, Sanna Sinikallio, Mika P Tarvainen
The aim of this systematic review was to explore studies regarding association between occupational stress and heart rate variability (HRV) during work. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cinahl and PsycINFO for peer-reviewed articles published in English between January 2005 and September 2017. A total of 10 articles met the inclusion criteria. The included articles were analyzed in terms of study design, study population, assessment of occupational stress and HRV, and the study limitations. Among the studies there were cross-sectional (n=9) studies and one longitudinal study design...
June 16, 2018: Industrial Health
Kazuyuki Iwakiri, Midori Sotoyama, Masaya Takahashi, Xinxin Liu, Shigeki Koda, Kiyoshi Ichikawa
Many care workers at elderly care facilities in Japan suffer occupational low back pain (LBP) despite the utilization of welfare equipment. When introducing welfare equipment such as hoists and sliding boards, education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment is usually conducted, but the effect of education diminishes with time. This intervention study aimed to examine the effect of re-education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment on the prevention of care workers' LBP at an elderly care facility...
June 15, 2018: Industrial Health
Masoud Neghab, Ahmad Mirzaei, Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Mehdi Jahangiri, Maryam Zare
Respiratory effects of long term exposure to low levels of ammonia have not been thoroughly investigated. In this cross sectional study, 124 male subjects (67 high exposed and 57 low exposed), occupationally exposed to low levels of ammonia and120 male referent individuals were investigated. Airborne concentrations of ammonia were measured and subjects underwent spirometry tests prior to and at end of their daily work shift. Average concentrations of ammonia in the breathing zones of the high and low exposed employees were found to be 1...
June 9, 2018: Industrial Health
Christoph Augner
The objective of this study was to identify health and education related predictors of employment/self-employment in the age between 60 and 69 years in Europe. Data were obtained from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) study- Wave 6. Our final sample (n=13,447) was retrieved from 16 European Union member states, Switzerland and Israel. We used logistic regression model including education level, physical and mental health parameters to predict employment/self-employment vs. retired. Employment/self-employment was associated with higher education status, increased risk for depression, and obesity, but with decreased risk for chronic diseases, loneliness and limitations in daily life activities...
June 9, 2018: Industrial Health
Ryoko Katagiri, Go Muto, Satoshi Sasaki
A validated questionnaire is not typically used for dietary assessment in health check-up counseling provided by occupational health nurses in Japan. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate the barriers and promoting factors affecting the use of validated questionnaires. Ten occupational health nurses and three registered dietitians, working at a health insurance society, were recruited for this study using an open-ended, free description questionnaire. Inhibiting factors, such as "Feeling of satisfaction with the current method," "Recognition of importance," and "Sense of burden from the questionnaire", and as promoting factors, "Feeling the current method is insufficient", "Recognition of importance," "Reduction in the feeling of burden after the answer," "Expectation of and reaction to the result," and "Expectation for the effect of the counseling" were noted...
June 1, 2018: Industrial Health
Nor Asma Musa, Foong Ming Moy, Li Ping Wong
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with poor sleep quality among secondary school teachers in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. This was a cross sectional study, conducted in two phases. Phase I tested the reliability of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in the Malay language (M-PSQI), whereas Phase II determined the prevalence and factors associated with poor sleep quality where a total of 1871 secondary school teachers were studied. Participants were recruited using multistage sampling...
May 31, 2018: Industrial Health
Taro Tamura, Yukinori Kusaka, Narufumi Suganuma, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Ponglada Subhannachart, Somkiat Siriruttanapruk, Narongpon Dumavibhat, Xing Zhang, P K Sishodiya, Tran Anh Thanh, Kurt G Hering, John E Parker, Eduardo Algranti, Francisco Santos-O'Connor, Hisao Shida, Masanori Akira
Two hundred and thirty-three individuals read chest x-ray images (CXR) in the Asian Intensive Reader of Pneumoconiosis (AIR Pneumo) workshop. Their proficiency in reading CXR for pneumoconiosis was calculated using eight indices (X1-X8), as follows: sensitivity (X1) and specificity (X2) for pneumoconiosis; sensitivity (X3) and specificity (X4) for large opacities; sensitivity (X5) and specificity (X6) for pleural plaques; profusion increment consistency (X7); and consistency for shape differentiation (X8). For these eight indices, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Scheffe's multiple comparison were conducted on six groups, based on the participants' specialty: radiology, respiratory medicine, industrial medicine, public health, general internal medicine, and miscellaneous physicians...
May 26, 2018: Industrial Health
Özge Akboğa Kale, Tuğba Eskişar
Geotechnical site works are comprehensive, and they constitute the first step of the construction process. This study performs data mining of geotechnical works and analyzes the database for the root causes of accidents. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was chosen for the 1984-2013 time frame with 247 cases. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed to discuss variables such as the end use of the work, project type and cost, soil type and condition, type and degree of injury, cause and type of accident, unsafe acts, and occupation and union status of the victim...
May 19, 2018: Industrial Health
Quentin Durand-Moreau, Clarisse LE Deun, Brice Lodde, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
There is no single agreed definition of workaholism. Most interventions proposed for people suffering from workaholism target individuals. There is a paucity of descriptions of workplace risk factors. Our study examines case reports of patients suffering from workaholism with a focus on the role of the workplace. We describe case reports from patients of the Occupational Disease Centre in Brest, France between 2013 and 2016. Consultations were conducted within the framework of clinical occupational medicine with a focus on real work situations...
May 17, 2018: Industrial Health
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Bente E Moen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli
The present study comprised 1,781 nurses who participated in an investigation about working conditions, sleep, and health. They answered a questionnaire about age, sex, marital status, children living at home, work hours per week, number of night shifts last year, and total sleep duration and that also included a validated instrument assessing workaholism. In addition, they were asked to report on eight items concerning negative work-related incidents (dozed off at work, dozed while driving, harmed or nearly harmed self, harmed or nearly harmed patients/others, and harmed or nearly harmed equipment)...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
Wan-Yu Yeh, Ching-Ying Yeh, Chiou-Jong Chen
Distinct differences exist between public-private sector organizations with respect to the market environment and operational objectives; furthermore, among private sector businesses, organizational structures and work conditions often vary between large- and small-sized companies. Despite these obvious structural distinctions, however, sectoral differences in employees' psychosocial risks and burnout status in national level have rarely been systematically investigated. Based on 2013 national employee survey data, 15,000 full-time employees were studied...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
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