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Indian Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031548/outcome-of-antenatally-presenting-posterior-urethral-valves-puv-in-children
#1
T P Joseph, V K Gopi, P R Babu, K V Satish Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the outcome of children with posterior urethral valves who presented with antenatal hydronephrosis. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective review of records of 70 children with posterior, urethral volves. RESULTS: The mean (SD) gestational age at diagnosis was 34 (4.48) weeks and age at intervention was 130.5 (170.9) days. The nadir creatinine was significantly raised (>1.2mg/dl) in children with oligohydramnios and diversion...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031547/behavioral-problems-in-indian-children-with-epilepsy
#2
Om P Mishra, Aishvarya Upadhyay, Rajniti Prasad, Shashi K Upadhyay, Satya K Piplani
OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of behavioral problems in children with epilepsy. METHODS: This was a cross -sectional study of children with epilepsy, and normal controls enrolled between July 2013 to June 2015. Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used as a tool to assess the behavior based on parents reported observation. RESULTS: There were 60 children with epilepsy in 2-5 years and 80 in 6-14 years age groups, and 74 and 83 unaffected controls, respectively...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031546/sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d-status-in-breastfed-infants
#3
Pinky Meena, Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, S V Madhu, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the sunlight exposure in first 6 months to vitamin D status at 6 months of age in predominantly breastfed infants; and to quantify the sunlight exposure required to achieve serum 25(OH)D level > 20 ng/mL, by 6 months of age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital predominantly catering to urban poor population in Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: 132 healthy infants, delivered at term, and predominantly breastfed were enrolled at 6-8 weeks of age...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031545/intergenerational-change-in-anthropometric-indices-of-children-and-their-predictors-in-new-delhi-birth-cohort
#4
Sikha Sinha, Abha Rani Aggarwal, Clive Osmond, Caroline Hd Fall, Santosh K Bhargava, Harshpal Singh Sachdev
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intergenerational change in anthropometric indices of children and their predictors. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: New Delhi Birth Cohort participants (F1), born between 1969 and 1972, were followed-up for anthropometry at birth and 6-monthly intervals until 21 years. Their children (F2) below 10 years were evaluated anthropometrically. OUTCOME MEASURE: Intergenerational change (F2-F1) in height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of children in comparison to their parents at corresponding ages...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889719/causes-of-death-among-children-aged-5-years-in-a-public-hospital-in-new-delhi
#5
Manas Pratim Roy, Ratan Gupta, Meenakshi Bhatt, Kailash Chander Aggarwal
Retrospective analysis was done for 3817 children aged 5-12 years admitted in a tertiary-care, public hospital in New Delhi between January to December, 2015. Mortality rate was 5.8%. About 47.1% deaths were due to central nervous system involvement; viral meningoencephalitis being the predominant cause. Overall, infectious diseases caused >80% of deaths. Public health interventions to reduce child mortality need to review such data for effective measures.
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889716/association-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-sinusitis-with-childhood-asthma
#6
Selva Kumar, Meenu Singh, Rashmi Ranjan Das, Joseph L Mathew, Akshay Kumar Saxena
BACKGROUND: To study the point prevalence of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis in childhood asthma and to examine the relationships among them. METHODS: In 250 children (age <13 y) with mild-to-moderte asthma, allergic rhinitis was diagnosed by clinical plus nasal eosinophilia criteria, and sinusitis was diagnosed clinically plus confirmation by computerized tomography scan. RESULTS: The point prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 13.6%, and of sinusitis was 2%...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889715/bedside-infant-mannikins-for-teaching-newborn-examination-to-medical-undergraduates
#7
Sheila Samanta Mathai, Deepak Joshi, Mrigank Choubey
BACKGROUND: To study whether using infant mannikins during clinical posting could help in teaching newborn examination to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: 111 final MBBS students were taught newborn examination either by the new method which included practice on infant mannikins at the bedside before examining babies (Group 1) or by the traditional method which involved directly examining babies (Group 2). They were tested the next day by validated, OSCE stations on important aspects of the newborn examination...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889714/neonatal-diabetes-a-case-series
#8
Ramaswamy Ganesh, Natarajan Suresh, Thiruvengadam Vasanthi, K G Ravikumar
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Diabetes Mellitusis a rare disorder with an incidence of 1 in 2,60,000 live births. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and genetic profile of children admitted with neonatal diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital in Chennai, India over 11 years. RESULTS: Ten children were diagnosed with neonatal diabetes of whom 9 had permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus. The age range at onset was from 3 days- 5 months...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889711/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-liquid-hexavalent-vaccine-in-indian-infants
#9
Jugesh Chhatwal, Sanjay Lalwani, Emmanuel Vidor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a fully liquid, hexavalent diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis inactivated poliovirus hepatitis B Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP IPV HB PRPT) vaccine in Indian infants. DESIGN: Phase III, single-arm study. SETTING: Two tertiary care hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 177 healthy, 6-week-old infants. INTERVENTION: All participants received HB and OPV vaccines at birth and DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP~T at 6, 10, 14 weeks of age...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064276/mongolian-spots-in-gm1-gangliosidosis
#10
Naveen Kumar Bhardwaj, Daisy Khera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064275/yellow-nail-syndrome
#11
Shricharith Shetty, Nalini Bhaskaranand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064274/are-guns-there-to-kill-or-to-save-life
#12
Kam Lun Hon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064273/infant-mortality-among-scheduled-tribes-in-central-india-a-concern
#13
Arvind Verma, Kalyan Brata Saha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064272/primary-subphrenic-abscess-in-infant
#14
Soumya Reddy, Naveen Nadig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064271/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-parathyroid-response-in-critically-ill-children-authors-reply
#15
Satish K Shah, Rakesh Lodha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064270/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-parathyroid-response-in-critically-ill-children
#16
Anirban Mandal, Puneet Kaur Sahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064269/infantile-tremor-syndrome
#17
Robin Mukkath Thomas, Raghavendra H Gobbur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064268/percutaneous-transhepatic-angioplasty-for-portal-vein-cavernous-transformation-after-choledochal-cyst-surgery
#18
Wenjun Shen, Jianjun Luo, Shan Zheng, Xianmin Xiao
BACKGROUND: Cavernous transformation of the portal vein rarely occurs after a choledochal cyst surgery. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 7-year-old boy with a history of a choledochal cyst surgery was admitted with recurrent oral and nasal bleeding over next two years. After excluding coagulopathies and hematopathies, we treated him with percutaneous transhepatic angioplasty. OUTCOME: The flow of the portal vein recovered immediately after balloon dilation...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064267/chemical-pleurodesis-with-oxytetracycline-in-congenital-chylothorax
#19
Alpana Utture, Vinayak Kodur, Jayashree Mondkar
BACKGROUND: Congenital chylothorax is an accumulation of chyle in the pleural space that may present in neonatal period with respiratory distress. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 34-week preterm who presented with massive congenital chylothorax complicated with hydrops fetalis. OUTCOME: The neonate was treated successfully by pleurodesis with Oxytetracycline. MESSAGE: Pleurodesis with oxytetracycline seems to be effective in treatment of congenital chylothorax...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064266/infantile-intraosseous-maxillary-hemangioma
#20
Divya Gupta, Ishwar Singh, Kavita Goyal, Parul Sobti
BACKGROUND: Primary osseous hemangiomas of the facial skeleton mimic malignancy. Their location in maxillary sinus, especially in infants is extremely rare. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: 1- month-old full term boy with maxillary swelling. OBSERVATIONS: Biopsy from oral route revealed hemangioma showing vascular channels lined by endothelial cells. Patient improved on oral steroids. MESSAGE: Hemangiomas should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis of unilateral maxillary swelling in infants...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
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