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Indian Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368273/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-learning-disability
#1
M K C Nair, Chhaya Prasad, Jeeson Unni, Anjan Bhattacharya, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai
JUSTIFICATION: Learning Disability (LD) in children is a well-recognized developmental disorder, which has profound academic and psychosocial consequences. Due to the complex nature of LD and multiple disadvantages posed to the child due to LD, a multidisciplinary approach towards intervention is warranted. Given the paucity of evidence-based standardized treatment approaches, consensus guidelines for management of LD are needed. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368272/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Samir Dalwai, Shabina Ahmed, Vrajesh Udani, Nandini Mundkur, S S Kamath, M K C Nair
JUSTIFICATION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a clinically heterogenous condition with a wide range of etiological factors and causing significant public health burden. ASD poses a serious developmental disadvantage to the child in the form of poor schooling, social function and adult productivity. Thus, framing evidence-based national guidelines is a pressing need. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Paediatrics in Mumbai on 18th and 19th December 2015...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368271/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Samir Dalwai, Jeeson Unni, Veena Kalra, Pratibha Singhi, Leena Shrivastava, M K C Nair
JUSTIFICATION: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent in children worldwide. Management of ADHD requires a systematic, multidisciplinary approach and thereby, evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are essential. PROCESS: A meeting for formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015. The invited experts included Pediatricians, Developmental Pediatricians, Pediatric Neurologists, Psychiatrists, Remedial Educators and Clinical Psychologists...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368270/lack-of-research-amongst-undergraduate-medical-students-in-india-it-s-time-to-act-and-act-now
#4
Rajesh Garg, Shobha Goyal, Kamaljit Singh
Participation in research is important in producing doctors with an understanding of evidence-based medicine. Though a mandatory part in post-graduation medical course, research has largely been invisible from the under graduation medical course in India. Very few opportunities are available at under graduate level. The reason behind this is lack of encouragement, lack of basic infrastructure, facilities and structured mentorship programs, no extra incentives to researchers and the long journey to get academic acclaim...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368269/probiotics-for-feed-tolerance-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
A Shashidhar, P N Suman Rao, Saudamini Nesargi, Swarnarekha Bhat, B S Chandrakala
OBJECTIVE: To measure the efficacy of a probiotic formulation on time to reach full enteral feeds in VLBW (very low birth weight) newborns. DESIGN: A blinded randomized control trial. SETTING: A tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Southern India between August 2012 to November 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 104 newborns with a birth weight of 750-1499 g on enteral feeds. INTERVENTION: Probiotic group (n=52) received a multicomponent probiotic formulation of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium longum and Saccharomyces boulardii once a day at a dose of 1...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368268/candida-blood-stream-infection-in-neonates-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-of-central-india
#6
Sriparna Basu Alam, Rajesh Kumar Mahfuz, Ragini Tilak Munirul Islam, Ashok Kumar Mondal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epidemiology of neonatal Candida blood stream infection. METHODS: Medical records of neonates with Candida blood stream infection over five years (September 2010 to August 2015) were reviewed. Clinical details, species distribution and antifungal susceptibility were noted. RESULTS: 114 neonates developed Candida blood stream infection. Commonly isolated Candida species were C. tropicalis, C. albicans and C. parapsilosis...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368267/contextual-factors-for-stunting-among-children-of-age-6-to-24-months-in-an-under-privileged-community-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#7
Md Ashraful Alam, Mustafa Mahfuz, M Munirul Islam, Dinesh Mondal, Ams Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md Iqbal Hossain
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with stunting among children aged 6 to 24 months in a slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted this case control study during November 2009 to December 2012. Children were classified as case if length-for-age Z-score (LAZ) was <-2 and as control if LAZ was >-1 SD. The logistic regression model was used to find the factors associated with stunting. RESULTS: The significant risk factors for stunting were: child's age >12 months, maternal undernutrition, mother's education <5 years, consumption of untreated drinking water and monthly family income <100 USD...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368266/growth-failure-in-hereditary-spherocytosis-and-the-effect-of-splenectomy
#8
Anirban Das, Deepak Bansal, Amita Trehan, Reena Das
OBJECTIVE: To analyze growth-failureand improvement, if any, following splenectomy in children with hereditary spherocytosis. METHODS: Data collection from case-records (n=82) over 27-years(1985-2011). RESULTS: Prevalence of stunting was 26%; 32% were underweight. Stunted children were older in age (P=0.006) and presented late (P=0.003). Splenectomy (n=26) improved anemia (P<0.001). However, height-for-age did not improve at 1-year, or 4...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368265/neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-diagnosed-in-a-national-screening-program-in-turkey
#9
Bahar Toklu Baysal, Bora Baysal, Ferah Genel, Baris Erdur, Erhan Ozbek, Korcan Demir, Behzat Ozkan
OBJECTIVE: To study the factors affecting a neurodevelopmental status of children with congenital hypothyroidism, diagnosed on national screening program. METHODS: The study was performed in the Pediatric Endocrinology Department of Dr. Behcet Uz Children's Hospital between May 2012 and May 2013. Children with congenital hypothyroidism, aged between 24 and 36 months, diagnosed by national screening program were included in the study group. Healthy subjects at the same age group consisted of the control group...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368264/validating-neck-circumference-and-waist-circumference-as-anthropometric-measures-of-overweight-obesity-in-adolescents
#10
Lipilekha Patnaik, Sumitra Pattnaik, E Venkata Rao, Trilochan Sahu
OBJECTIVE: To measure neck circumference and waist circumference, to compare it between normal and overweight/obese adolescents, and to validate these with body mass index. METHODS: This crosssectional study was conducted in 1800 school-going adolescents. Body mass index, waist circumference and neck circumference were measured. Independent samples t-test and Pearson's correlation were used as tests of significance to analyze quantitative data. RESULTS: Positive correlation of neck circumference and waist circumference with body mass index was observed...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368263/transcutaneous-bilirubin-nomogram-for-healthy-term-and-late-preterm-neonates-in-first-96-hours-of-life
#11
Pareshkumar Thakkar, Hardas Chavda, Vikas Doshi
OBJECTIVE: To develop nomogram of Transcutaneous Bilirubin among healthy term and late-preterm neonates during first 96 hours of age. OBJECTIVE: HASH(0x42fb550) DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Neonatal unit of a tertiary care Hospital of Central Gujarat, India. PARTICIPANTS: 1075 healthy term and late preterm neonates (≥35weeks). INTERVENTION: Six-hourly transcutaneous bilirubin was obtained from birth to 96 hour of life using Drager JM 103 Transcutaneous Bilirubinometer...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474598/neonatal-resuscitation-guidelines-india-specific-concerns
#12
Rhishikesh Thakre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474597/unique-way-of-peripheral-stimulation-for-recurrent-apnea-in-a-preterm-neonate
#13
Lata Bhat, Supriya Bisht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474596/incidentally-detected-elevated-liver-enzymes-from-liver-to-muscle
#14
Padma Balaji, Srinivas Sankaranarayanan, Viswanathan Venkataraman, V S Sankaranarayanan
We describe 8 children - with incidentally detected isolated elevation of liver enzymes aspartate aminotansferase and alanine aminotransferase - who were extensively evaluated for hepatic causes before finally being diagnosed to have muscular dystrophy. Serum creatinine phosphokinase levels, if performed early during the work-up, may help in diagnosis of muscle disease and avoid unnecessary investigations for liver disease.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474595/the-new-pediatrician
#15
Richard Mario Lurshay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474594/un-manipulated-haploidentical-transplant-in-wiskott-aldrich-syndrome
#16
M Joseph John, Chepsy C Philip, Amrith Mathew, Abhilasha Williams, Naveen Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic stem cell transplant is the only curative treatment for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: 18-months-old boy with no sibling, cord blood or matched unrelated donor transplant options. OUTCOME: Doing well 7 years after haplo-identical stem cell transplantation using unmanipulated bone marrow as the stem cell source. MESSAGE: Father as a haplo-identical donor is a feasible option.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474593/diaphragmatic-myoclonus
#17
Roshan Kaul, Amna Alfutaisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474592/exploration-of-association-between-litchi-consumption-and-seasonal-acute-encephalopathy-syndrome-pediatric-infectious-disease-specialist-s-viewpoint
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474591/exploration-of-association-between-litchi-consumption-and-seasonal-acute-encephalopathy-syndrome-evidence-based-medicine-viewpoint
#19
Joseph L Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474590/epidemiology-of-cryptosporidium-in-pediatric-diarrheal-illnesses
#20
Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Shinjini Bhatnagar, Rakesh Lodha
CONTEXT: Cryptosporidium spp. is a zoonotic infection, now being recognized as a significant cause of diarrhea in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. However, there still exist significant knowledge gaps in its estimated global burden, epidemiology, diagnosis and management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A semi-systematic search was performed across PubMed to select studies on epidemiological burden of cryptosporidium diarrhea using the following keywords- ['crytosporidiosis' OR 'cryptosporidium'] AND ['diarrhea' OR 'diarrhoea']...
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
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