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Indian Pediatrics

Sandeep Narayan Lal, Jaspreet Kaur, Pooja Anthwal, Pinky Bahl, Jacob M Puliyel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in decreasing respiratory distress in bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care hospital in New Delhi, India. PARTICIPANTS: 72 infants (age <1y) hospitalized with a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis were randomized to receive standard care, or nCPAP in addition to standard care, in the first hour after admission...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Hong-Jiao Wang, Chun-Zhen Hua, Li-Li Ruan Hebbal, Li-Quan Hong Aguiar, Shao-Qin Sheng, Shi-Qiang Shang
OBJECTIVE: To study sialic acid and iron content in breast milk in Chinese women during different lactation stages. METHODS: Sialic acid and iron content of colostrum, transitional milk, mature milk, and involutional milk were determined using a neuraminidase assay kit and the ferrozine method, respectively in 88 lactating women (58 Term, 30 Preterm). RESULTS: The mean (SD) sialic acid levels of colostrum, transitional milk, mature milk, and involutional milk were 2201...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Marzieh Beigom Bigdeli Shamloo, Sahar Zonoori, Abbas Naboureh, Morteza Nasiri, Hadi Bahrami, Mohammad Maneiey, Fatemeh Allahyari Bayatiani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of face-to-face education on anxiety and pain in children with minor extremity injuries undergoing outpatient suturing. METHODS: Children in intervention and control groups received face-to-face education (10 minutes) and no specific education, respectively. The anxiety and pain was measured using Modified-Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale, and pain by Faces Pain Scale-Revised, respectively in 3 stages viz, pre-procedure and pre-intervention, post-procedure...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Sakshi Chaudhary, Uzma Firdaus, Syed Manazir Ali, Abbas Ali Mahdi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of elevated blood lead level in children (6-144 months) of Aligarh. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Venous blood was obtained for lead estimation and a structured questionnaire was filled. RESULTS: A total of 260 children were enrolled. The prevalence of elevated blood lead level was 44.2%, seen mostly in children below 5 years of age. Old and deteriorating wall paints at home was found to be significantly associated with elevated levels...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Khaled Rahmani, Shahin Yarahmadi, Koorosh Etemad, Yadollah Mehrabi, Nasrin Aghang, Ahmad Koosha, Hamid Soori
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the success rate of the national neonates screening program in maintenance of intelligent quotient (IQ) of children with congenital hypothyroidism in Iran. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The IQ scores, in three subsets of verbal, non verbal (Performance) and full scale IQ, of 240 children diagnosed with Ttransient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH) and Permanent congenital hypothyroidism (PCH), from 5 provinces in 5 different geographical areas of Iran, were measured at the age of 6 years using revised Wechsler pre school and primary scale of intelligence and compared with 240 healthy children...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Shashi Chiplonkar, Neha Kajale, Veena Ekbote, Rubina Mandlik, Lavanya Parthasarathy, Ashwin Borade, Pinal Patel, Prerna Patel, Vaman Khadilkar, Anuradha Khadilkar
OBJECTIVE: To create gender-specific percentile curves for percent body fat (%BF) by Bio electrical Impedance Analysis ( BIA) for screening adiposity and risk of hypertension in Indian children and generate reference curves for percent fat-free mass (%FFM), muscle mass (%LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) by using bioelectrical impedance. DESIGN: Multicenter cross-sectional study. SETTING: Private schools from major Indian cities from 5 regions of India...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Rahul Sharma
Some of the facets of the Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic status scale sometimes create confusion and require explanation on how to classify, and need some minor updates to bring the scale up-to-date. This article provides a revised scale that allows for the real-time update of the scale.
August 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Sudhir Mishra, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Satish Tiwari, Rajendra Bangal, Balraj S Yadav, Anupam Sachdeva, Vishesh Kumar
JUSTIFICATION: The right to life has been accepted as one of the fundamental rights in our constitution. Resuscitation is a procedure performed for all patients suffering from cardiac or respiratory arrest irrespective of the clinical condition. There are no legal guidelines defining process to be adopted in situations where resuscitation is unlikely to be useful. There are no guidelines on withdrawal of care or end of life (EOL) decisions, accepted by the Government, judiciary, professionals, academicians or the community...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Shahid Akhtar Siddiqui, Manisha Maurya, D K Singh, Anubha Srivastava, Ruchi Rai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of double dose (20 μg) with standard dose (10 μg) of hepatitis B vaccine in HIV-infected children. METHODS: Unvaccinated HIV-infected children were randomized to receive 3 doses of double dose (N=27) or standard dose (N=28) of recombinant Hepatitis B vaccine. Anti HBs antibody titres were measured 3 mo after the last dose. An antibody titre ≥ 10 mIU/mL was considered as serporotection. RESULTS: Seroprotection was achieved by 17 (60...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
K Jagadish Kumar, Karen Saldanha, K Sushma, D Srinivasa Murthy, Prashanth Vishwanath
OBJECTIVE: To study the serum Homocysteine levels in children and its relation with body mass index(BMI), lipid profile and plasma glucose. METHODS: 138 children (age 5-15 y) were enrolled and categorized into normal, overweight and obese group. Blood homocysteine, lipid profile and plasma glucose were estimated. RESULTS: Out of 138 children, 46 (33%) were normal, 40 (29%) were overweight and 52 (38%) were obese. Hyper-homocysteinemia was found in 34 (24...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Vaishali R Deshmukh, Aditi A Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate association of body mass index with perception and attitude towards body weight, shape and body image among adolescents. METHODS: This cross sectional study was done on 1811 adolescents. Attitude towards body image was assessed by using a self-administered Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire. Perceived body shape was measured using the Stunkard scale. RESULTS: Adolescents showed significant difference (P<0...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Vidhya Marimuthu, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Medha Rajappa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of non-autoimmune subclinical and overt hypothyroidism in children with idiopathic steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 30 children (age 1-18 y) with idiopathic SRNS; and 30 healthy controls. Serum T3, T4 and TSH were performed in cases as well as controls. Anti-thyroid peroxidase and anti-thyroglobulin antibody tests were performed in all cases. RESULTS: Non-autoimmune subclinical or overt hypothyroidism was detected in 10 out of 30 children with idiopathic SRNS; 2 had overt hypothyroidism, while 8 patients had subclinical hypothyroidism...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Shailesh Atmaram Chauthankar, Padmaja Anil Marathe, Anirudha Vyankatesh Potey, Ruchi Nimish Nanavati
OBJECTIVE: To study prescription pattern (using applicable WHO indicators), cost analysis and off-label use of drugs in neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The prescriptions of 460 neonates admitted to a NICU during July 2014-March 2015 were studied prospectively. RESULTS: Of 460 neonates, 54.8% were preterm and 73% were low birth weight (LBW). The mean (SD) prescription items per neonate were 5.7 (3.6). Overall off-label use was 12...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Neelam Mohan, Sakshi Karkra, Amit Rastogi, Maninder S Dhaliwal, Veena Raghunathan, Deepak Goyal, Sanjay Goja, Prashant Bhangui, Vijay Vohra, Tarun Piplani, Vivek Sharma, Dheeraj Gautam, S S Baijal, A S Soin
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience of pediatric living donor liver transplantation from India over a period of 12 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 200 living donor liver transplantation in children (18 years or younger) was done for demographic features, indications, donor and graft profile and outcome. RESULTS: Between September 2004 and July 2016, 200 liver transplants were performed on 197 children. Fifty transplants were done in initial 6 years and 150 in next 6 years...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Kapil Garg, Priyanka Agarwal, R K Gupta, S Sitaraman
OBJECTIVE: To determine early joint involvement as detected by ultrasonography in children with newly diagnosed celiac disease, and in children with celiac disease on gluten-free diet for more than 6 months. METHODS: Cross-sectional comparative study evaluating joint abnormalities by ultrasonography. RESULTS: Ultrasonography showed abnormalities in 19 out of 60 (31.7%) children with newly diagnosed celiac disease were as compared 2 (3.3%) out of 60 in those on a gluten-free diet for more than 6 months...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Sumant Prabhudesai, Mohanbabu Kasala, Nitin Manwani, Ravikumar Krupanandan, Bala Ramachandran
OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of transport-related adverse events in children during specialized, non-specialized or unassisted transports. METHODS: Patients were grouped based on transport team involved - specialized (Group-1); nonspecialized (Group-2); unassisted transport (Group-3). Demographics, events during transport and condition on arrival were recorded. RESULTS: Group-1 children had a lower incidence of adverse events compared to Group-2 and Group-3(4...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Shashi Chiplonkar, Neha Kajale, Veena Ekbote, Rubina Mandlik, Lavanya Parthasarathy, Vaman Khadilkar, Anuradha Khadilkar
OBJECTIVE: To validate body composition measurements by Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA) against Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference method in healthy children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Schools in and around Pune city, India. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 210 (114 boys, 96 girls) apparently healthy Indian children and adolescents (5-18 y). METHODS: Weight, height, Tanner stage (TS) were recorded...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Ramalingam Sekar, Manoharan Mythreyee, Seetharaman Srivani, Dharmaraj Sivakumaran, Sivathanu Lallitha, Selvam Saranya
OBJECTIVE: To measure the frequency of antimicrobial resistance in pediatric blood culture isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. with focus on carbapenem resistance. METHODS: Over a period of three years, pediatric blood culture isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, including molecular investigations for carbapenem resistance. RESULTS: Amikacin, carbapenems, colistin and tigecycline had an antimicrobial efficacy of >70% (n=140)...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Yu Liu, Zhengmin Cui, Rongpeng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic appendectomy and open appendectomy for acute appendicitis in children. METHODS: This study was conducted in a retrospective comparison of hospital records compared postoperative complications, duration of operation, and postoperative length of stay between the children (age≤18y) who underwent laparoscopie or (n=190) open (n=199) appendectomy over a six-year period. Quality of life was evaluated immediately and 1 month postoperatively...
August 24, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Mahesh Kamate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
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