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Indian Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699616/levamisole-in-frequently-relapsing-and-steroid-dependent-nephrotic-syndrome
#1
Evangeline Mary Kiruba Samuel, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Singanamalla Bhanudeep, Sravani Muske
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of levamisole in children with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) and steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) when administered on an alternate day ('initial therapy' in all cases) or daily basis ('rescue therapy' in whom alternate day therapy failed). METHODS: The records of 95 children (age 1-18y) with FRNS and SDNS, who were treated at the Pediatric nephrology clinic, and received levamisole therapy (maximum 2 years duration, between 2010-2013) with a follow-up period of minimum1 year, were included...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699615/adiponectin-interleukin-6-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-overweight-obese-indian-children
#2
Vandana Jain, Ajay Kumar, Anuja Agarwala, Naval Vikram, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess serum Adiponectin, Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and highsensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels and their correlation with conventional risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in overweight/obese Indian children. METHODS: Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting serum adiponectin, IL-6, hsCRP, blood glucose, triglycerides, and total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol were measured in children aged 7-15 years with BMI >85th centile...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699614/clinical-presentation-and-cardiovascular-outcome-in-complete-versus-incomplete-kawasaki-disease
#3
Shivalingam Ganji, Prashanth Gowda Parameshwara, Kallesh Hebbal, Rodney Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the demographic, clinical, and laboratory features of incomplete and complete presentations of Kawasaki disease. METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic case records between January 2000 and December 2015 in a tertiary care referral center of Sohar, Oman. RESULTS: 31 out of 64 children (48.4%) had incomplete presentation. Children with incomplete presentation had higher incidence of skin rash, lymphadenopathy and conjunctivitis...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699613/profile-of-bullies-and-victims-among-urban-school-going-adolescent-in-gujarat
#4
Harshil Anurag Patel, Jagdish Varma, Shail Shah, Ajay Phatak, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of bullying, identifying bullies, victims and their associations. METHODS: Questionnaire having 'Peer Interaction in Primary Schools' and 'Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire' scales, and demographic information was administered to 7th, 8th and 9th graders (N=1106). RESULTS: Prevalence of bullying was 49%. Boys were more likely to be bullies (P=0.03), whereas students having less friends (P=0.001), overweight/obese (P=0...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699612/relationship-between-immune-parameters-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-obese-children
#5
Jun-Qi Shi, Wen-Xia Shen, Xiang-Zhi Wang, Ke Huang, Chao-Chun Zou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between immune parameters and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Zhejiang Province, China on July to September 2015. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 117 obese children and 209 healthy non-obese children were studied as the obese and control groups. Depending on the severity of NAFLD, the obese group was divided into subgroups 1 (without NAFLD), 2 (with simple fatty liver) and 3 (with steatohepatitis)...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699611/impact-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-in-quality-%C3%A4-mprovement-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-non-invasive-ventilation-device-free-pediatric-%C3%A4-ntensive-care-unit
#6
Fulva Kamit Can, Ayse Berna Anil, Murat Anil, Neslihan Zengin, Alkan Bal, Yuksel Bicilioglu, Gamze Gokalp, Fatih Durak, Gulberat Ince
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the change in quality indicators due to the use of high-flow nasal cannula therapy as a non-invasive ventilation method in children with respiratory distress/failure in a noninvasive ventilation device-free pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: The study was a retrospective chart review of children with respiratory distress/failure admitted 1 year before (period before high-flow nasal cannula therapy) and 1 year after (period after high-flow nasal cannula therapy) the introduction of high-flow nasal cannula therapy...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699610/survival-and-recovery-in-severely-wasted-under-five-children-without-community-management-of-acute-malnutrition-programme
#7
Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Sikha Sinha, Neha Sareen, R M Pandey, Umesh Kapil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recovery and survival of severely wasted children without community management of acute malnutrition programme. DESIGN: Single time point follow-up (24th December 2013 - 2nd April, 2014) of severely wasted children identified in a community-based cross-sectional survey (September 2012 - October 2013). SETTING: Rural Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. PARTICIPANTS: 409 severely wasted (WHO weight-for-height <-3Z), 6- to 59-month-old children...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607217/hotspots-in-ptpn11-gene-among-indian-children-with-noonan-syndrome
#8
Dhanya Lakshmi Narayanan, Himani Pandey, Amita Moirangthem, Kausik Mandal, Rekha Gupta, Ratna Dua Puri, S J Patil, Shubha R Phadke
OBJECTIVES: To test for PTPN11 mutations in clinically diagnosed cases of Noonan syndrome. METHODS: Seventeen individuals with clinical diagnosis of Noonan syndrome were included in the study. Sanger sequencing of all the 15 exons of PTPN11 was done. A genotype-phenotype correlation was attempted. RESULTS: Mutation in PTPN11 was detected in 11 out of 17 (64.7 %) patients with Noonan syndrome; 72% had mutation in exon 3 and 27 % had mutation in exon 13...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607216/utilization-of-preventive-and-curative-services-in-five-rural-blocks-of-a-southern-indian-district
#9
Rajan Srinivasan, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Srinivasan Venugopal, Gagandeep Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607215/undernutrition-amongst-under-five-children-belonging-to-high-income-group-communities-in-india
#10
Aakriti Gupta, Umesh Kapil
According to RSOC (2013-2014) data, high prevalence of stunting (26.7%) and wasting (13.0%) exists amongst under-five children belonging to highest wealth index communities. India possibly cannot achieve the 2025 Global nutrition targets for reducing the rate of stunting and wasting amongst Under-five children, unless efforts are not directed towards highest wealth index communities also.
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607214/breaking-bad-news-perceptions-of-pediatric-residents
#11
M G Geeta, P Krishnakumar
The present study evaluated the perceptions and practice of 92 final year pediatric residents with regard to breaking bad news. Only 16% of residents had received any training in communication skills. Majority (65%) of the residents were not comfortable while breaking bad news.
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607213/consensus-guidelines-on-evaluation-and-management-of-the-febrile-child-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-india
#12
Prashant Mahajan, Prerna Batra, Neha Thakur, Reena Patel, Narendra Rai, Nitin Trivedi, Bernhard Fassl, Binita Shah, Marie Lozon, Rockerfeller A Oteng, Abhijeet Saha, Dheeraj Shah, Sagar Galwankar
JUSTIFICATION: No country-specific, evidence-based, consensus approach for the emergency department (ED) evaluation and management of the febrile child exist in India. PROCESS: We held two consensus meetings, performed an exhaustive literature review, and held ongoing web-based based discussions to arrive at a formal consensus on the proposed evaluation and management algorithm. The first meeting was held in Delhi in October 2015, under the auspices of Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) Section of Academic College of Emergency Experts in India (ACEE-INDIA); and the second meeting was conducted at Pune during Emergency Medical Pediatrics and Recent Trends (EMPART 2016) in March 2016...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607212/macronutrients-in-breastmilk-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants
#13
Shiwani Mahajan, Deepak Chawla, Jasbinder Kaur, Suksham Jain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the variability in macronutrient and energy content of breastmilk of Indian women delivering at ≤34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, samples of breastmilk expressed manually for feeding of preterm neonates were collected from 106 mothers at 3±1 (n=26), 7±2 (n=34), 14±2 (n=24), 21±3 (n=12) and 28±3 (n=10) days after birth. Protein, fat and carbohydrate content were estimated and total energy content was calculated...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607211/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-newborn-hearing-screening
#14
Abraham Paul, Chhaya Prasad, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai, M K C Nair, Waheeda Pagarkar
JUSTIFICATION: Hearing impairment is one of the most critical sensory impairments with significant social and psychological consequences. Reported incidence of congenital hearing loss is 30 per 10,000 children. Evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are needed for professionals to screen for hearing impairment during the neonatal period. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on developmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607210/tachypnea-and-other-danger-signs-vs-pulse-oximetry-for-prediction-of-hypoxia-in-severe-pneumonia-very-severe-disease
#15
Varun Alwadhi, Pooja Dewan, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, Dheeraj Shah, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of respiratory rate and other clinical signs against pulse oximetry for predicting hypoxia in children with Severe pneumonia/Very severe disease as per integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness (IMNCI) classification. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Pediatric emergency department of a tertiary-care hospital in Delhi, India. SUBJECTS: 112 hospitalized children (2 mo - 5 y) with Severe pneumonia/Very severe disease as per IMNCI classification...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607209/physical-growth-morbidity-profile-and-mortality-among-healthy-late-preterm-neonates
#16
Priyanka Gupta, Ritu Mital, Bimlesh Kumar, Ajeet Yadav, Mohit Jain, Amit Upadhyay
OBJECTIVE: To compare the physical growth outcomes, morbidity profile and mortality at an age of 12 months among late preterm (34 0/7to 36 6/7) neonates to term (37 0/7to 41 6/7) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary care center of Northern India during 2014-2015. PARTICIPANTS: 200 apparently healthy late preterms and term infants, followed up to 12 months of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physical growth parameters, morbidity profile and mortality...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737153/remodel-icds-centers-as-early-child-care-and-education-centers
#17
K E Elizabeth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737152/a-plea-for-fair-pricing-of-vaccines
#18
Rhishikesh Thakre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737151/optimizing-antibiotic-therapy-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-need-of-the-hour
#19
Parvesh Mohan Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737150/non-availability-of-vaccines-and-program-ownership
#20
Manas Pratim Roy, Ratan Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
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