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Indian Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889719/causes-of-death-among-children-aged-5-years-in-a-public-hospital-in-new-delhi
#1
Manas Pratim Roy, Ratan Gupta, Meenakshi Bhatt, Kailash Chander Aggarwal
Retrospective analysis was done for 3817 children aged 5-12 years admitted in a tertiary-care, public hospital in New Delhi between January to December, 2015. Mortality rate was 5.8%. About 47.1% deaths were due to central nervous system involvement; viral meningoencephalitis being the predominant cause. Overall, infectious diseases caused >80% of deaths. Public health interventions to reduce child mortality need to review such data for effective measures.
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889718/parents-evaluation-of-developmental-status-peds-in-screening-for-developmental-delay-in-thai-children-aged-18-30-months
#2
Pornchanok Wantanakorn, Khemsuang Sawangworachart, Rawiwan Roongpraiwan, Jariya Chuthapisith
The PEDS-Thai is a developmental screening tool. We studied its diagnostic performance among 137 Thai children (48.9%) aged 18-30 month. It had a sensitivity of 92.8% and a specificity of 49.2%. The positive and negative likelihood ratios were 1.82 and 0.14 when compared with clinical diagnosis and diagnostic tool, the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (Mullen, 1995).
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889717/clinical-profile-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-neonatal-sepsis-due-to-burkholderia-capacia-complex
#3
Aparna Chandrasekaran, Nivedhana Subburaju, Muzamil Mustafa, Sulochana Putlibai
We report the clinical profile of 59 neonates who presented to a tertiary care extramural neonatal unit with Burkholderia cepacia complex infection. Among the 3265 admissions over 45 months, incidence of Burkholderia sepsis was 18 per 1000 admissions. Case fatality rate was 17%. Most (95%) isolates were sensitive to cotrimoxazole.
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889716/association-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-sinusitis-with-childhood-asthma
#4
Selva Kumar, Meenu Singh, Rashmi Ranjan Das, Joseph L Mathew, Akshay Kumar Saxena
BACKGROUND: To study the point prevalence of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis in childhood asthma and to examine the relationships among them. METHODS: In 250 children (age <13 y) with mild-to-moderte asthma, allergic rhinitis was diagnosed by clinical plus nasal eosinophilia criteria, and sinusitis was diagnosed clinically plus confirmation by computerized tomography scan. RESULTS: The point prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 13.6%, and of sinusitis was 2%...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889715/bedside-infant-mannikins-for-teaching-newborn-examination-to-medical-undergraduates
#5
Sheila Samanta Mathai, Deepak Joshi, Mrigank Choubey
BACKGROUND: To study whether using infant mannikins during clinical posting could help in teaching newborn examination to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: 111 final MBBS students were taught newborn examination either by the new method which included practice on infant mannikins at the bedside before examining babies (Group 1) or by the traditional method which involved directly examining babies (Group 2). They were tested the next day by validated, OSCE stations on important aspects of the newborn examination...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889714/neonatal-diabetes-a-case-series
#6
Ramaswamy Ganesh, Natarajan Suresh, Thiruvengadam Vasanthi, K G Ravikumar
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Diabetes Mellitusis a rare disorder with an incidence of 1 in 2,60,000 live births. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and genetic profile of children admitted with neonatal diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital in Chennai, India over 11 years. RESULTS: Ten children were diagnosed with neonatal diabetes of whom 9 had permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus. The age range at onset was from 3 days- 5 months...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889713/prognostic-value-of-resistive-index-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic
#7
A Senthil Kumar, Aparna Chandrasekaran, Rajamannar Asokan, Kathirvelu Gopinathan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of Resistive Index measured by cranial doppler ultrasonography in predicting the risk of death/ abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes in term neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. METHODS: We enrolled 50 term asphyxiated neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and measured resistive index within 72 hours from the anterior cerebral artery. Participants underwent tone and developmental assessment at 6-12 months. RESULTS: Among the 50 neonates, 25 (50%) had abnormal resistive index (<0...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889712/serum-procalcitonin-for-predicting-significant-infections-and-mortality-in-pediatric-oncology
#8
Vinod Gunasekaran, Nita Radhakrishnan, Veronique Dinand, Anupam Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of serum procalcitonin (PCT) level at admission in predicting significant infections and deaths among children on chemotherapy presenting with fever. METHODS: Children with clinically significant (CSI) and microbiologically documented (MDI) infections were identified using set definitions. Association of PCT with CSI, MDI and mortality was analyzed. RESULTS: We evaluated 821 febrile episodes in 316 children...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889711/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-liquid-hexavalent-vaccine-in-indian-infants
#9
Jugesh Chhatwal, Sanjay Lalwani, Emmanuel Vidor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a fully liquid, hexavalent diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis inactivated poliovirus hepatitis B Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP IPV HB PRPT) vaccine in Indian infants. DESIGN: Phase III, single-arm study. SETTING: Two tertiary care hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 177 healthy, 6-week-old infants. INTERVENTION: All participants received HB and OPV vaccines at birth and DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP~T at 6, 10, 14 weeks of age...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889710/effect-of-withholding-phenobarbitone-maintenance-in-neonatal-seizures-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Pranjali Saxena, Abhishek Singh, Amit Upadhyay, Priyanka Gupta, Sangeeta Sharma, Sreenivas Vishnubatla
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of withholding maintenance phenobarbitone on breakthrough seizures. DESIGN: A double blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Level II neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a teaching hospital in Northern India. PARTICIPANTS: Study population included 152 term and near term neonates (34 weeks of gestation age) with admission weight ?2 kg with clinically apparent seizures who received intravenous (IV) loading dose of 20mg/kg of phenobarbitone...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889709/role-of-mid-induction-peripheral-blood-minimal-residual-disease-detection-in-pediatric-b-lineage-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Karthik Bommannan, Man Updesh Singh Sachdeva, Neelam Varma, Parveen Bose, Deepak Bansal
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of mid-induction (day 15) peripheral blood minimal residual disease (PBMRD) detection in pediatric B- lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Forty consecutively diagnosed treatment naive, pediatric B-ALL patients. INTERVENTION: National Cancer Institute (NCI) standard risk patients were given three drug induction regimen comprising vincristine, L-asparginase and prednisolone; NCI high risk patients were supplemented with daunorubicin...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889745/retinoblastoma-mimicking-orbital-cellulitis
#12
Anirban Das, Usha Singh, Deepak Bansal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889744/non-availability-of-cloxacillin-a-deterrent-for-rational-antimicrobial-practice
#13
Rangan Srinivasaraghavan, Gunasekaran Dhandapany
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889743/the-academy-should-take-up-the-issue-of-off-label-prescriptions
#14
Sandeep B Bavdekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889742/faculty-promotion-guidelines-authorship-and-indexing-issues-need-more-deliberations-authors-reply
#15
Rakesh Aggarwal, Peush Sahni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889741/faculty-promotion-guidelines-authorship-and-indexing-issues-need-more-deliberations
#16
Rajesh Garg, Kamaljit Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889740/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Ajay Kumar, Vyom Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889739/concomitant-infections-should-not-deter-clinicians-from-diagnosing-kawasaki-disease
#18
Gowda Parameshwara Prashanth, Ganji Shivalingam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889738/hackers-spy-scientists
#19
Mehdi Dadkhah, Giorgio Bianciardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889737/immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-in-children-of-eastern-henan-province-china
#20
Qiu-Xia Fan, Chun-Mei Wang, Shu-Xia Chen, Xin-Guang Liu, Bo Han
In this retrospective cohort study conducted in 63 children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in China; petechiae, bruises and bleeding were the major presentations. Most cases required therapy with one/more treatment options.
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
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