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Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645453/choice-of-knee-cartilage-thickness-change-metric-for-different-treatment-goals-in-efficacy-studies
#1
Robert J Buck, Marie-Pierre Hellio Le Graverand, Wolfgang Wirth, Felix Eckstein
INTRODUCTION: In knee osteoarthritis, local increase and decrease in cartilage thickness has been observed over short time intervals. Hence, averaging cartilage change across large regions may not capture the complexity of structural alterations in disease progression. This study aims to examine the relative performance of different metrics of cartilage thickness change for different clinical studies scenarios. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Metrics for assessing cartilage thickness change were characterized by conventional measures of change versus absolute values (the magnitude) of change, and by different methods of summarizing change over (sub-) regions...
May 30, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602360/the-role-of-platelets-in-autoimmunity-vasculopathy-and-fibrosis-implications-for-systemic-sclerosis
#2
REVIEW
Konstantinos Ntelis, Elena E Solomou, Lazaros Sakkas, Stamatis-Nick Liossis, Dimitrios Daoussis
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy, autoimmunity, and widespread dermal and visceral fibrosis. This article summarizes the current knowledge about the potential contribution of platelets in the disease process and the rationale of targeting platelets as an adjunct treatment for SSc. METHODS: We performed an electronic search (Medline) using the keywords platelets, systemic sclerosis, autoimmunity, fibrosis, Raynaud, and pulmonary arterial hypertension...
May 23, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625712/how-common-is-remission-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Stephanie J W Shoop-Worrall, Lianne Kearsley-Fleet, Wendy Thomson, Suzanne M M Verstappen, Kimme L Hyrich
OBJECTIVES: The ideal goal of treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is disease remission. However, many sets of remission criteria have been developed and no systematic review of remission in JIA exists. The current systematic review investigated (1) how remission has been defined across JIA clinical cohorts and (2) the frequency of remission overall and within disease categories. METHODS: Studies using prospective inception cohorts published after 1972 were selected if they estimated remission in cohorts of ≥50 patients...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624172/development-of-an-imaging-mitigation-strategy-for-patient-enrolment-in-the-tanezumab-nerve-growth-factor-inhibitor-ngf-ab-program-with-a-focus-on-eligibility-assessment
#4
Frank W Roemer, Colin G Miller, Christine R West, Mark T Brown, Sarah P Sherlock, Andrew J Kompel, Luis Diaz, Nicholas Galante, Michel D Crema, Ali Guermazi
OBJECTIVE: Nerve growth factor antibodies (NGF-ab) have shown promising analgesic efficacy. Aim was to describe reader training efforts and present reliability data focusing on radiographic eligibility in the tanezumab program. METHODS: A multi-step process was used for reader calibration and reliability testing. First, a reference standard set of cases was created and diagnostic performance was evaluated. A second exercise focused on agreement of ordinal assessment (Kellgren-Lawrence grading) of radiographic osteoarthritis...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606599/clinical-and-imaging-mimickers-of-axial-spondyloarthritis
#5
REVIEW
Gleb Slobodin, Merav Lidar, Iris Eshed
The first step in the diagnosis of a patient with suspected axial spondyloarthritis is to differentiate the signs and symptoms of the disease from other disorders, potentially manifesting with similar clinical and imaging features. This review examines diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, osteitis condensans ilii, and other developmental and metabolic disorders that may mimic axial spondyloarthritis, highlighting the diagnostic caveats and discussing shared and distinguishing aspects of these conditions in order to improve the clinician's ability to set them apart...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583691/association-between-acute-gouty-arthritis-and-meteorological-factors-an-ecological-study-using-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Kyu Yong Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Shin-Young Yim, Jae-Bum Jun
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to analyze the literature systematically regarding the seasonal and monthly variation of the occurrence of episodes of acute gouty arthritis, and (2) to investigate the relationship between the occurrence of episodes of acute gouty arthritis and meteorological parameters. METHODS: The present authors systematically reviewed databases for articles published before November 2015. Studies with quantitative data on episodes of acute gouty arthritis by months and/or seasons were included...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624173/high-resolution-manometry-compared-with-the-university-of-california-los-angeles-scleroderma-clinical-trials-consortium-git-2-0-in-systemic-sclerosis
#7
Hanan Sayed M Abozaid, Hala M K Imam, Marwa Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Dina H El-Hammady, Nihal A Fathi, Daniel E Furst
OBJECTIVES: To study esophageal high resolution manometry (HRM) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and the correlation of findings to The University of California, Los Angeles Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium gastrointestinal tract 2.0 (UCLA SCTC_GIT 2.0). METHODS: Forty SSc patients were administered to the UCLA SCTC GIT 2.0. Patients underwent HRM study (Solar GI MMS). HRM data were compared with 15 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Forty patients with mean age 46 ± 7 years and disease duration 9...
May 19, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583690/transition-to-adult-rheumatology-care-is-necessary-to-maintain-dmard-therapy-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
Andres Luque Ramos, Falk Hoffmann, Katinka Albrecht, Jens Klotsche, Angela Zink, Kirsten Minden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outpatient health service utilisation of young people (YP) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) during transfer from paediatric to adult care in Germany. METHODS: Based on claims data of a large German statutory health fund (BARMER GEK) we conducted a cohort study of 2008-2014. Insured YP with diagnosis of JIA (ICD: M08 or M09.0) in two quarters at the age of 16 and continuous insurance until the age of 20 were included. Outpatient health care utilisation, prescribed antirheumatic drugs and diagnosis maintenance were analysed over four consecutive years for all YP with JIA and for the subgroup on disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) at the age of 16...
May 12, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576307/serological-evolution-in-women-with-positive-antiphospholipid-antibodies
#9
Leyre Riancho-Zarrabeitia, Germán Daroca, Pedro Muñoz, Marcos López-Hoyos, Ana Haya, Víctor M Martínez-Taboada
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical and serological course of fertile women with positive antiphospholipid (aPL), and the factors and therapeutic implications associated with aPL negativization. METHODS: Retrospective study including 105 women with a positive aPL serology between 1995 and 2013 attending the obstetric autoimmune pathology clinic of a tertiary facility. Patients were classified into the following 3 groups: patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (pAPS, 49), patients with a positive serology for aPL, not meeting clinical criteria (42), and patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and a positive aPL serology (14)...
May 10, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602359/predictive-and-prognostic-factors-influencing-outcomes-of-rituximab-therapy-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-a-systematic-review
#10
Carmelo Pirone, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, Daniëlle A van der Windt, Ben Parker, Miriam O Sullivan, Ian N Bruce
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcomes following rituximab (RTX) treatment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is highly variable. We aimed to identify predictive and prognostic factors associated with RTX therapy outcomes in patients with SLE. METHODS: Studies in adults and paediatric patients with SLE were included. We included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for predictors of differential treatment effect and cohort studies for potential prognostic factors in patients treated with RTX (global clinical, cutaneous and renal either response or relapse, and side effects)...
May 5, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549731/clinical-and-sonographic-biomarkers-of-structural-damage-progression-in-ra-patients-in-clinical-remission-a-prospective-study-with-12-months-follow-up
#11
Julio Ramírez, José Antonio Narváez, Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, Javier Hernández-Gañán, Andrea Cuervo, José Inciarte-Mundo, Maria Victoria Hernández, Miguel Sampayo-Cordero, José Luis Pablos, Raimon Sanmartí, Juan D Cañete
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and sonographic biomarkers predicting structural damage progression at 12 months of follow-up as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in clinical remission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included patients with RA in clinical remission, defined as 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28)-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) <2.6 for >6 months. Ultrasound scans of both hands and knees and MRI of the dominant hand were performed at baseline and at 12 months...
May 1, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601249/the-2010-acr-eular-criteria-are-not-sufficiently-accurate-in-the-early-identification-of-autoantibody-negative-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-leiden-eac-and-espoir-cohorts
#12
Debbie M Boeters, Cécile Gaujoux-Viala, Arnaud Constantin, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
OBJECTIVES: The 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria were derived to classify rheumatoid arthritis (RA) earlier in time. Previous studies indeed observed that the 2010 criteria were fulfilled earlier than the 1987 criteria. This study determined whether the 2010 criteria perform equally in early classification of autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative RA. METHODS: From the total Leiden-EAC (n = 3448) and ESPOIR (n = 813) RA patients who fulfilled the 1987 RA criteria at 1 year but not at presentation were selected (n = 463 and n = 53, respectively), as these patients were classified with delay with the 1987 criteria...
April 29, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532573/global-assessments-of-disease-activity-are-age-dependent-determinant-factors-of-clinical-remission-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Hideki Ito, Takehisa Ogura, Ayako Hirata, Sayaka Takenaka, Kennosuke Mizushina, Yuki Fujisawa, Takaharu Katagiri, Norihide Hayashi, Hideto Kameda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess the factors associated with clinical remission of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in daily clinical practice. METHODS: This analysis was based on the data of 304 RA patients in our center between May 2014 and March 2015. The following information was included: tender, swollen, and symptomatic joint counts, patient's and physician's global assessments, functional disability, laboratory and radiographic data, and RA treatments received...
April 28, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576308/mbl2-and-fcn2-gene-polymorphisms-in-a-cohort-of-italian-children-with-rheumatic-fever-a-case-control-study
#14
Valentina Marzetti, Caterina Di Battista, Rossella Ferrante, Leonardo Carlucci, Michela Balsamo, Liborio Stuppia, Giuseppe Lapergola, Ivana Antonucci, Francesco Chiarelli, Luciana Breda
BACKGROUND: Mannose-binding lectins and human ficolins are pattern-recognition proteins involved in innate immunity. A role for MBL2 and FCN2 gene polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of recurrent severe streptococcal infections and rheumatic carditis has been suggested. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of MBL2 and FCN2 gene polymorphisms (SNPs) in children with a history of rheumatic fever (RF) and to investigate their possible role in RF clinical presentation and disease course...
April 27, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551170/switching-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-axial-spondyloarthritis
#15
REVIEW
Atul Deodhar, David Yu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of switching tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors on patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: PubMed literature searches were conducted using combinations of search terms including ankylosing spondylitis, spondyloarthropathy, spondyloarthritis, switch/switching, drug survival, and TNF/tumor necrosis factor to identify published articles with data on outcomes related to switching biologic therapies in patients with axSpA...
April 25, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532574/prevalence-and-correlates-of-hepatitis-c-virus-associated-inflammatory-arthritis-in-a-population-based-cohort
#16
Elizabeth D Ferucci, Tammy L Choromanski, Danielle T Varney, Holly S Ryan, Lisa J Townshend-Bulson, Brian J McMahon, Mark H Wener
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of hepatitis C virus-associated inflammatory arthritis, to describe its clinical and immunologic correlates, and to identify features that are characteristic of arthritis in chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Participants with chronic hepatitis C infection enrolled in a population-based cohort study in Alaska and who had not received anti-viral treatment for hepatitis C were recruited. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed joint symptoms and signs, performed autoantibody and cytokine testing, and abstracted medical records for features of hepatitis C and arthritis...
April 24, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487138/a-systematic-review-of-quality-of-life-domains-and-items-relevant-to-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#17
Yu Heng Kwan, Warren Fong, Victoria Ie Ching Tan, Nai Lee Lui, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Østbye, Julian Thumboo
OBJECTIVES: To summarize, from the literature, quality-of-life (QoL) domains and items relevant to patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA), and to determine if commonly used SpA patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments include the identified domains. METHODS: We used PRISMA statement for systematic review and searched Medline(®) , Embase(®), and PsycInfo(®) using relevant keywords. In addition, hand searches of references of the included articles were conducted...
April 18, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551169/contemporary-prevalence-estimates-for-giant-cell-arteritis-and-polymyalgia-rheumatica-2015
#18
Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson
OBJECTIVE: There are no estimates of the prevalence of giant cell arteritis (GCA) or polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) in a US population in the current millennium. The purpose of this study was to estimate the 2015 prevalence of GCA and PMR in a US population-based setting. METHODS: Cohorts of incident GCA in 1950-2009 and incident PMR in 1970-2014 were previously identified among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota. Prevalence estimates were obtained from the age-, sex-, and calendar year-specific incidence rates and adjusted to the US white 2010 population aged ≥50 years...
April 7, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477898/exercise-and-physical-activity-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#19
Tom O'Dwyer, Laura Durcan, Fiona Wilson
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associates with enhanced cardiovascular (CV) risk frequently unexplained by traditional risk factors. Physical inactivity, common in SLE, likely contributes to the burden of CV risk and may also be a factor in co-morbid chronic fatigue. This systematic review evaluates whether exercise has a deleterious effect on disease activity in SLE, and explores effects on CV function and risk factors, physical fitness and function and health-related measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review, with meta-analyses, was conducted; quasi-randomised and randomised controlled trials in SLE comparing at least one exercise group to controls were included...
April 7, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502640/a-cohort-study-reveals-myocarditis-to-be-a-rare-and-life-threatening-presentation-of-large-vessel-vasculitis
#20
Katie Bechman, Deepa Gopalan, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Justin C Mason
BACKGROUND: The predominant forms of adult large vessel vasculitis (LVV) are giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TA). Cardiac involvement in LVV is a cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in TA. Cardiac failure is most commonly secondary to uncontrolled arterial hypertension or myocardial ischaemia. Pulmonary hypertension and aortic valve incompetence following ascending aortic dilatation represent other serious cardiovascular complications. However, cardiac failure as a consequence of myocarditis is rarely reported, principally in single case reports or in autopsy studies...
April 4, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
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