journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Radiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821323/post-mortem-magnetic-resonance-pmmr-imaging-of-the-brain-in-fetuses-and-children-with-histopathological-correlation
#1
REVIEW
S C Shelmerdine, J C Hutchinson, N J Sebire, T S Jacques, O J Arthurs
Post-mortem magnetic resonance (PMMR) imaging is rapidly emerging as an alternative, "less invasive", and more widely accepted investigative approach for perinatal deaths in the UK. PMMR has a high diagnostic accuracy for congenital and acquired fetal neuropathological anomalies compared to conventional autopsy, and is particularly useful when autopsy is non-diagnostic. The main objectives of this review are to describe and illustrate the range of common normal and abnormal central nervous system (CNS) findings encountered during PMMR investigation...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811040/implant-specific-follow-up-imaging-of-treated-intracranial-aneurysms-tof-mra-vs-metal-artifact-reduced-intravenous-flat-panel-computed-tomography-angiography-fpcta
#2
N H Hänsel, G A Schubert, B Scholz, O Nikoubashman, A E Othman, M Wiesmann, R Pjontek, M A Brockmann
AIM: To compare the diagnostic quality of time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF-MRA) and metal-artefact-reduction (MAR) flat-panel-detector computed tomography angiography (FPCTA) and to determine the imaging technique best suited for evaluation endovascular and surgically treated aneurysms. METHODS: The image quality of TOF-MRA and MAR-FPCTA of 44 intracranial implants (coiling: n=20; clipping: n=15; coiling + stenting: n=9) in a patient cohort of 25 was evaluated by two independent readers...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807564/reduced-metallic-artefacts-in-3%C3%A2-t-knee-mri-using-fast-spin-echo-multi-point-dixon-compared-to-fast-spin-echo-t2-weighted-sequences
#3
H J Park, S Y Lee, S H Choi, H P Hong, Y J Choi, M S Kim
AIM: To compare multi-point Dixon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fast spin-echo (FSE) T2-weighted imaging (WI) with regard to the size of metallic artefacts when imaging the knee joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 42 patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and follow-up imaging with 3 T MRI using the multi-point Dixon technique was included in this retrospective study. The maximal distance of the image distortion area around the metallic artefact was measured (interference screw of femoral tunnel area) on sagittal images of both FSE T2WI (T2WI and fat-suppressed [FS] T2WI) and multi-point Dixon (water only image and in-phase image) sequences...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803622/effect-of-hyoscine-butylbromide-on-prostate-multiparametric-mri-anatomical-and-functional-image-quality
#4
R A Slough, I Caglic, N L Hansen, A J Patterson, T Barrett
AIM: To evaluate the effect of the spasmolytic agent hyoscine butylbromide (HBB) on the quality of anatomical and functional imaging of the prostate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-three patients were included in this retrospective study. Eighty-seven patients received intravenous HBB prior to scanning (HBB group) and 86 patients did not (non-HBB group). Multiparametric (mp) 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed using a 32-channel body coil...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803621/blunt-cervical-spine-injury-in-adult-polytrauma-incidence-injury-patterns-and-predictors-of-significant-ligament-injury-on-ct
#5
G Chilvers, U Janjua, S Choudhary
AIM: To describe the pattern of cervical spine fractures in adult major trauma and identify computed tomography (CT) parameters that can predict significant ligament injury when fractures are absent; to define the normal range for parameters used; and identify common variations due to position of cervical immobilisation in a trauma patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study all polytrauma patients imaged using multidetector CT over a period of 5 years were identified...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797768/ct-coronary-angiography-findings-in-non-atherosclerotic-coronary-artery-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Z Zhou, L Xu, N Zhang, H Wang, W Liu, Z Sun, Z Fan
Non-atherosclerotic coronary artery diseases are being increasingly recognised as causes of acute coronary events. Invasive coronary angiography frequently fails to identify the abnormalities in the proximal course of coronary arteries and coronary wall, while computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) allows for acquisition of more detailed information. CTCA serves as a reliable method for evaluating patients with non-atherosclerotic coronary artery diseases. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of non-atherosclerotic abnormalities that may be demonstrated on CTCA...
August 7, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797767/clinical-and-radiological-features-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-patients-with-pre-eclampsia-and-eclampsia
#7
X Y Dong, C B Bai, J F Nao
AIM: To analyse and summarise clinical and radiological features among patients with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), to assess related factors with eclampsia and pre-eclampsia, and to compare the different factors between cytotoxic and vasogenic oedema among PRES patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and radiological findings of 237 pre-eclamptic or eclamptic patients with neurological symptoms were evaluated retrospectively. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to compare the differences among these parameters...
August 7, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784320/value-of-unenhanced-mri-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-detection-of-primary-small-%C3%A2-20%C3%A2-mm-solid-pancreatic-tumours-and-prediction-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#8
H J Park, K M Jang, K D Song, S H Kim, Y K Kim, M J Cha, S-Y Choi, K Min
AIM: To determine the diagnostic performance of unenhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI; NonMRI) for the detection of primary small (≤20 mm) pancreatic solid tumours and prediction of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in comparison with pancreatic computed tomography (CT; PanCT) and pancreatic MRI with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (PanMRI). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement for informed consent...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784319/the-influence-of-inspiratory-effort-and-emphysema-on-pulmonary-nodule-volumetry-reproducibility
#9
J B Moser, S M Mak, W H McNulty, S Padley, A Nair, P L Shah, A Devaraj
AIM: To evaluate the impact of inspiratory effort and emphysema on reproducibility of pulmonary nodule volumetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight nodules in 24 patients with emphysema were studied retrospectively. All patients had undergone volumetric inspiratory and end-expiratory thoracic computed tomography (CT) for consideration of bronchoscopic lung volume reduction. Inspiratory and expiratory nodule volumes were measured using commercially available software...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781160/transarterial-embolisation-for-congenital-renal-arteriovenous-malformations-improves-clinical-condition-even-with-partial-obliteration
#10
T-W Sheng, Y-C Wong, C-H Wu, L-J Wang
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transarterial embolisation (TAE), used to treat congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (CRAVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records were searched retrospectively to identify patients who underwent TAE to treat CRAVM from January 2003 to August 2015. Patient demographics, clinical presentations, and imaging findings were reviewed. TAE outcomes, including complete or partial obliteration, clinical success, complications, renal function changes, and relapse of symptoms or signs after the final TAE, were assessed...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779950/value-of-the-portal-venous-phase-in-evaluation-of-treated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-following-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolisation
#11
A Lam, D Fernando, C C Sirlin, M Nayyar, S C Goodwin, D K Imagawa, C Lall
AIM: To evaluate the utility of the portal venous phase on multiphasic computed tomography (CT) after treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with trans-arterial chemoembolisation (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent TACE for HCC between 1 April 2012 and 21 December 2014, with appropriate multiphasic, pre- and post-procedural CT examinations. The maximum non-contrast, arterial phase, and portal venous phase attenuation values of the tumour and tumour bed were evaluated within a region of interest (ROI), with values adjusted against background hepatic parenchyma...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778454/-pause-a-method-for-communicating-radiological-extent-of-peritoneal-malignancy
#12
REVIEW
A Chandramohan, A Thrower, S A Smith, N Shah, B Moran
Radiology reports of diffuse peritoneal disease should address key findings pertinent to the management of these patients. The reporting of radiology findings in patients with peritoneal malignancy is currently variable and poorly standardised. Using the acronym "PAUSE" we emphasise the key imaging features that a radiology report should include in a patient with peritoneal malignancy, focussing on the key elements determining feasibility and likely prognosis of surgery and potential benefits from cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774472/preoperative-sentinel-lymph-node-identification-biopsy-and-localisation-using-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
A Nielsen Moody, J Bull, A-M Culpan, T Munyombwe, N Sharma, M Whitaker, S Wolstenhulme
AIM: To evaluate whether contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)-guided core biopsy of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) could identify metastatic nodes preoperatively and reduce the number of surgical SLN biopsies in patients with breast cancer and normal axillary B-mode ultrasound; and to establish whether CEUS SLN identification and localisation is a viable alternative to standard lymphatic mapping using isotope and blue dye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of several electronic databases was performed and identified studies were assessed using QUADAS-2 for methodological quality...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774473/hyperinflation-of-the-left-anterior-basal-segment-a-new-sign-of-pectus-excavatum-severity-on-ct
#14
S Singh, S B Greenberg
AIM: To describe a new finding in patients with pectus excavatum - left lower lobe anterior basal segment hyperinflation [LABSH]. A secondary objective is to determine the frequency of the new finding and association with pectus excavatum severity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population included 52 children who underwent preoperative computed tomography (CT) for the evaluation of pectus excavatum. A control group of 50 children was obtained after evaluating 137 CT examinations performed for other reasons...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774471/quantitative-evaluation-of-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-for-grading-endometrial-carcinoma-a-comparative-study-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#15
T Chen, Y Li, S-S Lu, Y-D Zhang, X-N Wang, C-Y Luo, H-B Shi
AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of histogram analysis of diffusion kurtosis magnetic resonance imaging (DKI) and standard diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in discriminating tumour grades of endometrial carcinoma (EC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients with EC were included in this study. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value from standard DWI, apparent diffusion for Gaussian distribution (Dapp), and apparent kurtosis coefficient (Kapp) from DKI were acquired using a 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764856/image-quality-of-ct-angiography-in-young-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-a%C3%A2-comparison-between-the-sinogram-affirmed-iterative-reconstruction-safire-and-advanced-modelled-iterative-reconstruction-admire-algorithms
#16
S B Nam, D W Jeong, K S Choo, K J Nam, J-Y Hwang, J W Lee, J Y Kim, S J Lim
AIM: To compare the image quality of computed tomography angiography (CTA) reconstructed by sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) with that of advanced modelled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-one children (8.23±13.92 months) with CHD who underwent CTA were enrolled. Images were reconstructed using SAFIRE (strength 5) and ADMIRE (strength 5). Objective image qualities (attenuation, noise) were measured in the great vessels and heart chambers...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757072/commentary-on-association-of-imaging-abnormalities-of-the-subcallosal-septal-area-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#17
A D Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754486/what-is-the-yield-of-breast-mri-in-the-assessment-of-palpable-breast-findings
#18
Y Amitai, T S Menes, I Weinstein, A Filyavich, I Yakobson, O Golan
AIM: To examine the contribution of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to characterise palpable breast masses after conventional imaging was found to be non-contributory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The breast MRI database was reviewed for studies performed between January 2010 and December 2015 for the clinical indication of palpable breast finding with negative standard imaging. Medical files were reviewed for demographic data, clinical information, radiology, and pathology reports...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751038/small-hepatocellular-carcinomas-displayed-as-a-ring-enhancing-mass-on-arterial-phase-mri-in-the-chronically-diseased-liver
#19
R H Jones, A J Taylor, N Rostambeigi, B Spilseth
AIM: To assess the prevalence of arterial phase (AP) ring-enhancing small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); detail additional MRI features that enable HCC diagnosis; and examine arterial timing as one possible cause of this appearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing HCC screening with both computed tomography (CT) and MRI within 40 days were examined at a single institution over a 7- year time period ending in 2013...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747250/normal-neuroanatomical-variants-that-may-be-misinterpreted-as-disease-entities
#20
REVIEW
S Ramji, P Touska, P Rich, A D MacKinnon
Variations of normal development and benign incidental anomalies are frequently observed on diagnostic neuroimaging. It is important these are recognised for what they are, as misinterpretation may result in unnecessary further investigation, follow-up imaging and anxiety. In this article, we review benign intracranial anomalies commonly referred to our unit for specialist neuroradiology advice or multidisciplinary discussion, concerning cysts of the pineal gland and pituitary fossa, vascular anomalies, and perivascular spaces...
July 23, 2017: Clinical Radiology
journal
journal
25451
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"