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Journal of Immunological Methods

Łukasz Sędek, Prisca Theunissen, Elaine Sobral da Costa, Alita van der Sluijs-Gelling, Ester Mejstrikova, Giuseppe Gaipa, Alicja Sonsala, Magdalena Twardoch, Elen Oliveira, Michaela Novakova, Chiara Buracchi, Jacques J M van Dongen, Alberto Orfao, Vincent H J van der Velden, Tomasz Szczepański
BACKGROUND: Optimal discrimination between leukemic blasts and normal B-cell precursors (BCP) is critical for treatment monitoring in BCP acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); thus identification of markers differentially expressed on normal BCP and leukemic blasts is required. METHODS: Multicenter analysis of CD73, CD86 and CD304 expression levels was performed in 282 pediatric BCP-ALL patients vs. normal bone marrow BCP, using normalized median fluorescence intensity (nMFI) values...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Fiamma Balboni, Andrea Baldini, Massimo Quercioli, Paola Pezzati, Giovanni Balato, Sabrina Buoro, Giuseppe Lippi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Gabriel Gallo-Oller, Raquel Ordoñez-Ciriza, Javier Dotor
Since its first description, Western blot has been widely used in molecular labs. It constitutes a multistep method that allows the detection and/or quantification of proteins from simple to complex protein mixtures. Western blot quantification method constitutes a critical step in order to obtain accurate and reproducible results. Due to the technical knowledge required for densitometry analysis together with the resources availability, standard office scanners are often used for the imaging acquisition of developed Western blot films...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Sally A F El-Sahrigy, Azza M O Abdel Rahman, Dalia Y Samaha, Nesrine A Mohamed, Sally M Saber, Hala A Talkhan, Ghada A Ismail, Essam M Ibraheem, Emad M Riad
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a huge worldwide burden, despite extensive vaccination coverage with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), the only vaccine available against this disease, indicating that BCG-driven immunity is inadequate to protect the human population against TB. This underscore the critical necessitate to develop an improved TB vaccine, based on a better understanding of host-pathogen interactions and immune responses during mycobacterial infection. AIM OF THE WORK: To examine whether the exogenous addition of IFN-β could improve dendritic cell (DC) response to Mycobacterium bovis (M...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Franziska Feichtner, Anna Schachner, Evelyn Berger, Michael Hess
The recent emergence of fowl aviadenovirus (FAdV) induced disease outbreaks in chicken flocks worldwide, with distinct aetiologies confined to particular FAdV species and serotypes, is increasingly urging the need for specific and mass-applicable antibody screening systems. Despite this exigency, there are to date no available serological procedures which satisfactorily combine the criteria for sensitive detection of antibodies against FAdVs, diagnostic reliability in face of cross-reactions and requirements for a rapid and large-scale application...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Judy Savige, Michelle Trevisin, Wendy Pollock
Testing for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) is performed to diagnose or exclude small vessel vasculitis, and, in treated patients, to monitor disease activity. However testing is also undertaken to assist with the diagnosis of other autoimmune diseases and some infections. Most laboratories use the same assays for all sera regardless of the testing indications. The International Consensus Statement on ANCA Testing and Reporting recommended screening for ANCA by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) and confirming IIF-positive sera in antigen-specific ELISAs for both proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
U B Inchara, R P Sathish, K M Shankar, P B Abhiman, P Prakash
A panel of four monoclonal antibodies (C-05, C-14, C-38 and C-56) specific to VP28 of White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were evaluated individually and in cocktail to increase sensitivity of the Flow Through Assay (FTA) for detection of the virus. Recombinant VP28 and semi purified WSSV was used as antigen for evaluation. Out of the total 11 cocktails and four individual of MAbs, 2 MAb cocktails C-05 + C-56 and C-14 + C-56 exhibited highest sensitivity in the FTA. The two MAb cocktail were 100 times more sensitive than 1-step PCR and nearly equivalent to 2-step PCR for the detection of WSSV...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Miriam Gonzalez Gonzalez, Iwona Cichon, Anna Scislowska-Czarnecka, Elzbieta Kolaczkowska
Standard cell culturing on plastic plates (two dimensional (2D) cultures) does not represent the actual microenvironment where cells reside in tissues. The three dimensional (3D) systems, composed of extracellular matrix and/or pure amino acids which form a scaffold for cells, are more accurate in this respect. 3D cultures were primarily developed for cancer cells but there is also a need for their application in studies on inflammatory leukocytes. Herein we describe our approach to study neutrophil-like cells in the 3D system...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Rose P Webster, Cinder F Cohen, Fatima O Saeed, Hanna N Wetzel, William J Ball, Terence L Kirley, Andrew B Norman
Almost all immunological approaches [immunohistochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blot], that are used to quantitate specific proteins have had to address high backgrounds due to non-specific reactivity. We report here for the first time a quantitative comparison of methods for reduction of background of commercial biotinylated antibodies using the Python-based ELISA_QC program. This is demonstrated using a recombinant humanized anti-cocaine monoclonal antibody. Several approaches, such as adjustment of the incubation time and the concentration of blocking agent, as also the dilution of secondary antibodies, have been explored to address this issue...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
P San Segundo-Acosta, M Garranzo-Asensio, C Oeo-Santos, A Montero-Calle, J Quiralte, J Cuesta-Herranz, M Villalba, R Barderas
Olive pollen and yellow mustard seeds are major allergenic sources with high clinical relevance. To aid with the identification of IgE-reactive components, the development of sensitive methodological approaches is required. Here, we have combined T7 phage display and protein microarrays for the identification of allergenic peptides and mimotopes from olive pollen and mustard seeds. The identification of these allergenic sequences involved the construction and biopanning of T7 phage display libraries of mustard seeds and olive pollen using sera from allergic patients to both biological sources together with the construction of phage microarrays printed with 1536 monoclonal phages from the third/four rounds of biopanning...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Teresa Carbone, Michele Gilio, Maria Carmela Padula, Giuseppina Tramontano, Salvatore D'Angelo, Vito Pafundi
OBJECTIVES: Indirect Immunofluorescence (IIF) is widely considered the Gold Standard for Antinuclear Antibody (ANA) screening. However, the high inter-reader variability remains the major disadvantage associated with ANA testing and the main reason for the increasing demand of the computer-aided immunofluorescence microscope. Previous studies proposed the quantification of the fluorescence intensity as an alternative for the classical end-point titer evaluation. However, the different distribution of bright/dark light linked to the nature of the self-antigen and its location in the cells result in different mean fluorescence intensities...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Kevin A Henry, Jamshid Tanha
Fully human synthetic single-domain antibodies (sdAbs) are desirable therapeutic molecules but their development is a considerable challenge. Here, using a retrospective analysis of in-house historical data, we examined the parameters that impact the outcome of screening phage-displayed synthetic human sdAb libraries to discover antigen-specific binders. We found no evidence for a differential effect of domain type (VH or VL ), library randomization strategy, incorporation of a stabilizing disulfide linkage or sdAb display format (monovalent phagemid or multivalent phage) on the probability of obtaining any antigen-binding human sdAbs, instead finding that the success of library screens was primarily related to properties of target antigens, especially molecular mass...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Robert Hnasko, Alice Lin, Jeffery McGarvey, Larry Stanker
In this report we describe the use of a novel anti-prion monoclonal antibody (DRM2-118) for the direct detection of infectious prions by ELISA. Epitope mapping using overlapping hamster (SHa) prion peptides indicates DRM2-118 binding occurs between residues 93-100 and at the 310 -helix (residues 163-170) between alpha helix-A and -B. This antibody shows broad species binding to endogenous prions from brain homogenates and corresponding recombinant prion proteins. To evaluate the performance of this MAb for the detection of prion proteins we performed an animal time course and evaluated prion detection from both crude brain homogenates and lipid raft fractions (DRM) by direct ELISA...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Shajo Kunnath-Velayudhan, Steven A Porcelli
Intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) is a powerful method for identifying functionally distinct lymphocyte subsets, and for isolating these by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). Although transcriptomic analysis of cells sorted on the basis of ICS has many potential applications, this is rarely performed because of the difficulty in isolating intact RNA from cells processed using standard fixation and permeabilization buffers for ICS. To address this issue, we compared three buffers shown previously to preserve RNA in nonhematopoietic cells subjected to intracellular staining for their effects on RNA isolated from T lymphocytes processed for ICS...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Jonas Wizenty, Muhammad Imtiaz Ashraf, Nadine Rohwer, Martin Stockmann, Sascha Weiss, Matthias Biebl, Johann Pratschke, Felix Aigner, Tilo Wuensch
Immunofluorescence (IF) staining of paraffin-embedded tissues is a frequently used method to answer research questions or even detect the abundance of a certain protein for diagnostic use. However, the signal originating from specific antibody-staining might be distorted by autofluorescence (AF) of the assessed tissue. Although the AF phenomenon is well known, its presence is often neglected by insufficient staining controls. In this study, we describe the existence of cellular AF in paraffin-embedded healthy and inflamed human and murine colonic tissues and present ways to reduce AF...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Lin Chen, Huagui Wang, Tongsheng Guo, Chaohui Xiao, Licheng Liu, Xiaoguang Zhang, Bo Liu, Peiran Li, Aixia Liu, Bo Li, Boan Li, Yuanli Mao
Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus (DENV), and DENV1 is the prevalent epidemic serotype in south China. A new lateral flow assay (LFA) based on a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent dye was developed to detect anti-DENV1 IgG antibodies. DyLight-800 was used as the marker conjugated to goat anti-human IgG antibodies, and recombinant dengue type 1 envelope protein was used as the capture protein on the test line. Twenty samples from patients infected with DENV1 and 160 negative controls were analyzed using this new NIR-LFA...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Jessica E Davies, Bonita H R Apta, Matthew T Harper
HMGB1 and HMGB2 are DNA-interacting proteins but can also have extracellular actions during inflammation. Despite their relatively high homology, they may have distinct roles, making it essential to be able to differentiate between the two. Here we examine the specificity of five commercially-available anti-HMGB1 antibodies. By Western blotting of recombinant proteins and HMGB1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts, we identified only one HMGB1 antibody that, under our experimental conditions, did not also detect HMGB2...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Astrid J F Thielen, Iris M van Baarsen, Marlieke L Jongsma, Sacha Zeerleder, Robbert M Spaapen, Diana Wouters
BACKGROUND: To prevent unwanted complement activation and subsequent damage, complement activation must be tightly regulated on healthy host cells. Dysregulation of the complement system contributes to the pathology of diseases like Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria and atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. To investigate complement regulator deficiencies, primary patient cells may be used, but access to patient cells may be limited and cells are heterogeneous between different patients...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Albert G Remacle, Jennifer Dolkas, Mila Angert, Swathi K Hullugundi, Andrei V Chernov, R Carter W Jones, Veronica I Shubayev, Alex Y Strongin
Sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI) in rodents produces nerve demyelination via proteolysis of myelin basic protein (MBP), the major component of myelin sheath. Proteolysis releases the cryptic MBP epitope, a demyelination marker, which is hidden in the native MBP fold. It has never been established if the proteolytic release of this cryptic MBP autoantigen stimulates the post-injury increase in the respective circulating autoantibodies. To measure these autoantibodies, we developed the ELISA that employed the cryptic 84-104 MBP sequence (MBP84-104) as bait...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Bhagyashree Bhagwat, Holly Cherwinski, Manjiri Sathe, Wolfgang Seghezzi, Terrill K McClanahan, Rene de Waal Malefyt, Aarron Willingham
LAG3 is an important regulator of T cell homeostasis and studies in mouse tumor models have demonstrated that simultaneously antagonizing LAG3 and PD1 can augment tumor-specific T cell responses and induce tumor rejection. The combined use of LAG3 antagonist antibodies with established anti-PD1 therapies is currently being evaluated in human clinical trials. A functional assay for human LAG3 was developed by co-culture of a Jurkat T-cell lymphoma line overexpressing LAG3 with a Raji B-cell lymphoma line in the presence of staphylococcal enterotoxins...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
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