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International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895204/jock-mcculloch-1945-2018-a-tribute
#1
Geoffrey Tweedale, Barry Castleman
Jock William McCulloch, who died at Melbourne, Australia, in January 2018, was one of the foremost historians of occupational health of his generation. This tribute reviews his career and oeuvre, which was tragically ended by his death from mesothelioma.
July 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614904/another-killer-industry-a-review-of-fake-silk-by-paul-blanc
#2
Daniel Berman
Rayon, a shiny artificial fabric with the flashy allure of silk, constitutes no danger to consumers. But worker exposure to carbon disulfide, an essential input in rayon manufacture, can drive workers insane and kill them as well. The dangers of carbon disulfide have been known since the middle of the 19th century. Professor Paul Blanc's book traces the social amnesia about the dangers of making rayon and how its production has shifted from wealthy countries in Europe, the United States, and Japan to poorer countries like South Korea and the People's Republic of China...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598809/the-price-of-demanding-peace-the-case-of-academics-for-peace-in-turkey
#3
Feride Aksu Tanık
Escalation of violence resulted with more violence in 2015 in Turkey. Two hundred and sixty-eight officially confirmed round-the-clock (all day long) and/or open-ended curfews in 11 cities and at least 47 districts of Turkey have occurred. 1,809,000 residents, and the fundamental rights of these people have been explicitly violated. On January 11, 2016, 1,128 academics signed a petition and made a declaration. Immediately after the declaration witch hunt started. This report aims to display the case of Academics for Peace Petition...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598807/the-affordable-care-act-and-the-faltering-revolution-in-behavioral-health-care
#4
David A Rochefort
Often described in such terms as a "revolution" and a "game-changer" for the behavioral health sector in the United States, the Affordable Care Act has helped to enhance coverage for mental health and substance use disorders while encouraging service system innovations at the organizational level. However, tens of millions of Americans still lack health insurance, insurance companies are resisting the implementation of parity coverage rules, and inequalities in the financing and organization of care continue to worsen in key respects...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580131/how-do-allied-health-professionals-define-and-apply-equity-when-making-resource-allocation-decisions
#5
Haylee Lane, Tamica Sturgess, Kathleen Philip, Donna Markham, Jill Walsh, Wendy Hubbard, Jennifer Martin, Terry Haines
An ethnographic study was conducted in 2 stages to understand how allied health professionals define and apply equity when making resource allocation decisions. Participants were allied health managers and clinicians from Victoria, Australia. Stage 1 included 4 semi-structured forums that incorporated real-life case studies, group discussions, and hypothetical scenarios. The project's steering committee began a thematic analysis during post-forum discussions. Stage 2 included a key stakeholder working party that further discussed the concept of equity...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566642/the-ongoing-u-s-health-care-crisis-a-data-update
#6
David U Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler, Mark Almberg, Clare Fauke
While efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act were narrowly defeated, grave problems in health care persist. Twenty-eight million remain uninsured, a number that is likely to increase. Millions more who have coverage cannot afford care because of high cost-sharing requirements. Meanwhile, the corporate takeover of medical care in the United States is at a gallop. This article provides a brief précis of recent data on U.S. health policy.
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473439/welfare-state-replacements-deinstitutionalization-privatization-and-the-outsourcing-to-immigrant-women-enterprise
#7
Jennifer Nazareno
The U.S. government has a long tradition of providing direct care services to many of its most vulnerable citizens through market-based solutions and subsidized private entities. The privatized welfare state has led to the continued displacement of some of our most disenfranchised groups in need of long-term care. Situated after the U.S. deinstitutionalization era, this is the first study to examine how immigrant Filipino women emerged as owners of de facto mental health care facilities that cater to the displaced, impoverished, severely mentally ill population...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460667/call-from-solidarity-academies
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350076/health-care-public-sector-share-and-the-u-s-life-expectancy-lag-a-country-level-longitudinal-study
#9
Megan M Reynolds
Growing research on the political economy of health has begun to emphasize sociopolitical influences on cross-national differences in population health above and beyond economic growth. While this research investigates the impact of overall public health spending as a share of GDP ("health care effort"), it has for the most part overlooked the distribution of health care spending across the public and private spheres ("public sector share"). I evaluate the relative contributions of health care effort, public sector share, and GDP to the large and growing disadvantage in U...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095077/canadian-health-care-system-who-should-pay-for-all-medically-beneficial-treatments-a-burning-issue
#10
Mohammad Ziaul Islam Chowdhury, Monsur Ahmed Chowdhury
The Canadian health care system can be characterized as a mix of public and private participation, although it is often described as a publicly funded system. In Canada, "medically necessary" services are covered with public funds; however, the Canada Health Act provides no formal definition of medical necessity. The provincial and territorial health care insurance plans decide which services are medically necessary. As a result, coverage of hospital and medical services differs among provinces. Outpatient prescription drugs are not covered by public plans...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039720/trends-in-the-contribution-of-emergency-departments-to-the-provision-of-hospital-associated-health-care-in-the-usa
#11
David Marcozzi, Brendan Carr, Aisha Liferidge, Nicole Baehr, Brian Browne
Traditional approaches to assessing the health of populations focus on the use of primary care and the delivery of care through patient-centered homes, managed care resources, and accountable care organizations. The use of emergency departments (EDs) has largely not been given consideration in these models. Our study aimed to determine the contribution of EDs to the health care received by Americans between 1996 and 2010 and to compare it with the contribution of outpatient and inpatient services using National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Discharge Survey databases...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689472/politics-and-professions-interdisciplinary-team-models-and-their-implications-for-health-equity-in-ontario
#12
Susan Marie Haydt
Ontario's efforts to reform primary care through interdisciplinary primary care teams are unprecedented in Canada. Since 2004, the provincial government has focused its reform efforts on three models: Family Health Teams (FHTs), Community Health Centres (CHCs), and Nurse Practitioner-led Clinics (NPLCs). These models vary by team structure, funding, and governance. I examine the strong preference for the FHT model by the government and medical profession, and the implications of this preference on health equity...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530990/reflections-on-participation-and-knowledge-making-as-part-of-india-s-national-urban-health-mission-technical-resource-group-recommendation-exercise
#13
Devaki Nambiar, Rajib Dasgupta, Thiagrajan Sundararaman, Prathibha Ganesan, Shikha Gupta
India's urbanization, though precipitous, is undirected, random, and opportunistic, shaped more by pressures than by policies. This has resulted in inequitable access to health services and adverse health outcomes for the urban poor. Late 2013 saw the launch of India's National Urban Health Mission, a broad scheme aimed at prioritizing urban health in the country with an emphasis on the poor. Acknowledging both the diversity and complexity of urban poverty across India's cities, a Technical Resource Group was convened by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to support the process...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996714/why-is-the-u-s-preterm-birth-rate-so-much-higher-than-the-rates-in-canada-great-britain-and-western-europe
#14
Janet M Bronstein, Martha S Wingate, Anne E Brisendine
The portion of newborns delivered before term is considerably higher in the United States than in other developed countries. We compare the array of risk exposures and protective factors common to women across national settings, using national, regional, and international databases, review articles, and research reports. We find that U.S. women have higher rates of obesity, heart disease, and poor health status than women in other countries. This is in part because more U.S. women are exposed to the stresses of racism and income disparity than women in other national settings, and stress loads are known to disrupt physiological functions...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978727/how-does-stronger-protection-of-intellectual-property-rights-affect-national-pharmaceutical-expenditure-an-analysis-of-oecd-countries
#15
Youn Jung, Soonman Kwon
Intellectual property rights (IPR) protection for pharmaceuticals has been comprehensive and strict since the establishment of the World Trade Organization in 1995 and the subsequent implementation of the TRIPS Agreement. This study investigated the relationship between the level of IPR and national pharmaceutical expenditure using panel data of 22 OECD countries from 1970 to 2009. The patent index was used to measure the level of national protection for IPR along with other covariates: GDP per capita, the percentage of population aged over 65, number of doctors, proportion of public financing among total pharmaceutical expenditure, under-5 mortality, price index, and period indicators...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952239/barriers-to-health-care-services-among-palestinian-women-denied-family-unification-in-israel
#16
Nihaya Daoud, Samira Alfayumi-Zeadna, Yousef T Jabareen
Family unification received public and political attention following recent global immigration crises, though less within health research. In Israel, under the Family Reunification Order, about 20,000 Palestinian women from the Occupied Palestinian Territories are denied residency and the right to universal health care services (HSC) after marrying Palestinian citizens and moving to Israel. To better understand the relationship between lacking residency and barriers to accessing HCS, we conducted in-depth interviews with 21 Palestinian women (ages 22-59) denied family unification...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932352/performance-based-financing-in-africa-time-to-test-measures-for-equity
#17
Valéry Ridde, Lara Gautier, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Isidore Sieleunou, Elisabeth Paul
Over the past 15 years, hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested in reforms founded on performance-based financing (PBF) in low- and middle-income countries. While evidence on its effectiveness and efficiency is still controversial, there appears to be an emerging consensus that equity has not been adequately considered. In this article, we show how PBF-type interventions in Africa have not sufficiently taken into account equity of access to care for the worst-off and their financial protection. In reviewing the history of health reforms in Africa, we show that this omission is nothing new...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929409/applying-the-human-rights-framework-is-not-a-development-alternative-it-is-the-road-to-an-alternative-development-process-people-s-health-movement-latin-america
#18
Claudio Schuftan
Historically, political elites adopted the idea of human rights if, and only if, it could foster their interests. Today, it is thus public interest civil society organizations, and not states, that are left to contribute most to the protection of and the struggle for human rights. Despite human rights being enshrined in constitutions, nowadays they can primarily be effectively claimed by those with access to the courts and by the press, i.e., those in power. Public interest civil society organizations and social movements are the only ones left to play this crucial role...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925286/how-single-payer-stacks-up-evaluating-different-models-of-universal-health-coverage-on-cost-access-and-quality
#19
Ashley Fox, Roland Poirier
Described as "universal prepayment," the national health insurance (or single-payer) model of universal health coverage is increasingly promoted by international actors as a means of raising revenue for health care and improving social risk protection in low- and middle-income countries. Likewise, in the United States, the recent failed efforts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act have renewed debate about where to go next with health reform and arguably opened the door for a single-payer, Medicare-for-All plan, an alternative once considered politically infeasible...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902944/the-definition-of-health-towards-new-perspectives
#20
Fabio Leonardi
The definition of health is not just a theoretical issue, because it has many implications for practice, policy, and health services. The current definition of health, formulated by the WHO, is no longer adequate for dealing with the new challenges in health care systems. Despite many attempts to replace it, no alternative definition has reached a wide level of consensus. Assuming an epistemological perspective, the need for a unique definition has to be rejected in favor of a plural approach in which cannot exist the best definition of health but many different definitions, more or less useful depending on the scope of application...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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