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International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587500/evaluation-of-health-equity-impact-of-structural-policies-overview-of-research-methods-used-in-the-sophie-project
#1
Anton E Kunst
This article briefly assesses the research methods that were applied in the SOPHIE project to evaluate the impact of structural policies on population health and health inequalities. The evaluation of structural policies is one of the key methodological challenges in today's public health. The experience in the SOPHIE project was that mixed methods are essential to identify, understand, and predict the health impact of structural policies. On the one hand, quantitative studies that included spatial comparisons or time trend analyses, preferably in a quasi-experimental design, showed that some structural policies were associated with improved population health and smaller health inequalities...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292228/revisiting-health-regionalization-in-canada
#2
Paul Barker, John Church
Twenty years ago, many of Canada's provinces began to introduce regional health authorities to address problems with their health care systems. With this action, the provinces sought to achieve advances in community decision-making, the integration of health services, and the provision of care in the home and community. The authorities were also to help restrict health care costs. An assessment of the authorities indicates, however, that over the past two decades they have been unable to meet their objectives...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183225/international-association-of-health-policies-iahp-call-for-solidarity
#3
Mauricio Torres-Tovar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114871/criticism-of-volume-1181-of-the-new-york-academy-of-sciences-reaches-a-new-low
#4
Alison Rosamund Katz
Rebuttal to "Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: a response to Alison Rosamund Katz," by Sergei Jargin.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024453/family-structure-child-living-arrangement-and-mothers-self-rated-health-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sara C Fritzell, H Michael Gähler
Alternate living, i.e. children living 50-50 with their parents following separation is emerging as a new family form. This study is the first to differentiate separated mothers with sole/main custody from mothers with alternately living children, analysing health outcomes and using a sample representative of the population. The association between the self-rated health (SRH) of mothers and different family structures are examined. Parental cooperation is included in the analyses as a potential mediator. Data on 755 mothers from the 2010 Swedish Level of Living Survey were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764589/uncovering-how-urban-regeneration-programs-may-stimulate-leisure-time-walking-among-adults-in-deprived-areas-a-realist-review
#6
Daniëlle Kramer, Jeroen Lakerveld, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
Evidence suggests that urban regeneration programs can stimulate leisure-time walking (LTW) in deprived areas. However, underlying pathways remain unclear. This study explored how urban regeneration might stimulate LTW among adults in deprived areas. We conducted a realist review, a theory-driven approach to evidence synthesis that focuses on mechanisms. We searched three electronic databases for peer-reviewed literature that describes how the neighborhood environment or urban regeneration influences LTW among adults in deprived areas...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764582/how-drone-strikes-and-a-fake-vaccination-program-have-inhibited-polio-eradication-in-pakistan-an-analysis-of-national-level-data
#7
Jonathan Kennedy
This article investigates whether the United States' counterinsurgency operations have inhibited polio eradication efforts in northwestern Pakistan, the world's last major reservoir of polio. Anecdotal evidence suggests that militants disrupt polio vaccination programs because of suspicions that campaigns are a cover for gathering intelligence on Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) drone targets. This paper analyzes national-level quantitative data to test this argument. Between 2004 and 2012, the number of polio cases in Pakistan closely mirrored the number of drone strikes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741450/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-reforms-on-access-to-emergency-department-and-elective-surgery-services-1994-2014
#8
Sandeep Reddy, Peter Jones, Harsha Shanthanna, Raechel Damarell, John Wakerman
This systematic review sought to identify whether health care reforms led to improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) and elective surgery (ES) access in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. The review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42015016343), and nine databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language reports published between 1994 and 2014. We also searched relevant "grey" literature and websites. Included studies were checked for cited and citing papers...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735562/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-knowledge-and-practices-in-the-management-of-congenital-syphilis-by-pediatricians-in-public-maternity-hospitals-in-brazil
#9
Raquel Rodrigues Dos Santos, Roberta Pereira Niquini, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues
The study aimed to assess conformity with Brazil's standard protocol for diagnostic and therapeutic practices in the management of congenital syphilis by pediatricians in public maternity hospitals. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 with 41 pediatricians working in all the public maternity hospitals in Teresina, the capital of Piauí State, Northeast Brazil, through self-completed questionnaires. The study assessed the conformity of knowledge and practices according to the Brazilian Ministry of Health protocols...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689472/politics-and-professions-interdisciplinary-team-models-and-their-implications-for-health-equity-in-ontario
#10
Susan Marie Haydt
Ontario's efforts to reform primary care through interdisciplinary primary care teams are unprecedented in Canada. Since 2004, the provincial government has focused its reform efforts on three models: Family Health Teams (FHTs), Community Health Centres (CHCs), and Nurse Practitioner-led Clinics (NPLCs). These models vary by team structure, funding, and governance. I examine the strong preference for the FHT model by the government and medical profession, and the implications of this preference on health equity...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649928/beyond-the-medical-model
#11
Scott J Fitzpatrick, Jo River
The medical model continues to dominate research and shape policy and service responses to suicide. In this work we challenge the assumption that the medical model always provides the most effective and appropriate care for persons who are suicidal. In particular, we point to service user perspectives of health services which show that interventions are often experienced as discriminatory, culturally inappropriate, and incongruent with the needs and values of persons who are suicidal. We then examine "humanistic" approaches to care that have been proposed as a corrective to an overly medical model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649927/retrenched-welfare-regimes-still-lessen-social-class-inequalities-in-health
#12
C Muntaner, O Davis, K McIsaack, L Kokkinen, Shankardass K, P O'Campo
This article builds on recent work that has explored how welfare regimes moderate social class inequalities in health. It extends research to date by using longitudinal data from the EU-SILC (2003-2010) and examines how the relationship between social class and self-reported health and chronic conditions varies across 23 countries, which are split into five welfare regimes (Nordic, Anglo-Saxon, Eastern, Southern, and Continental). Our analysis finds that health across all classes was only worse in Eastern Europe (compared with the Nordic countries)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649926/neoliberalization-s-propagation-of-health-inequity-in-urban-rebuilding-processes
#13
Marisela B Gomez
This article will discuss how neoliberal processes during urban redevelopment sustain and increase health inequities through uneven wealth accumulation and development. It will use examples of urban development in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, to highlight how key neoliberal strategies of territorial development, economic development, and place promotion- mediated through the process of creative destruction-result in uneven development and wealth accumulation, which in turn result in health inequities...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474997/availability-of-outpatient-mental-health-care-by-pediatricians-and-child-psychiatrists-in-five-u-s-cities
#14
Shireen Cama, Monica Malowney, Anna Jo Bodurtha Smith, Margaret Spottswood, Elisa Cheng, Louis Ostrowsky, Jose Rengifo, J Wesley Boyd
The authors sought to assess the availability of outpatient mental health care through pediatrician and child psychiatrist offices in the United States and to characterize differences in appointment availability by location, provider type, and insurance across five cities. To do so, the authors posed as parents of a 12-year-old child with depression, gave a predetermined insurance type, and asked to make the first available appointment with the specified provider. They called the offices of 601 individual pediatricians and 312 child psychiatrists located in five U...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449605/precarious-employment-and-quality-of-employment-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being-in-europe
#15
Mireia Julià, Christophe Vanroelen, Kim Bosmans, Karen Van Aerden, Joan Benach
This article presents an overview of the recent work on precarious employment and employment quality in relation to workers' health and well-being. More specifically, the article mainly reviews the work performed in the E.U. 7th Framework project, SOPHIE. First, we present our overarching conceptual framework. Then, we provide a compiled overview of the evidence on the sociodemographic and European cross-country distribution of employment quality and employment precariousness. Subsequently, we provide the current evidence regarding the relations with health and broader worker well-being indicators...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152644/hospital-payer-and-racial-ethnic-mix-at-private-academic-medical-centers-in-boston-and-new-york-city
#16
Roosa Sofia Tikkanen, Steffie Woolhandler, David U Himmelstein, Nancy R Kressin, Amresh Hanchate, Meng-Yun Lin, Danny McCormick, Karen E Lasser
Academic medical centers (AMCs) are widely perceived as providing the highest-quality medical care. To investigate disparities in access to such care, we studied the racial/ethnic and payer mixes at private AMCs of New York City (NYC) and Boston, two cities where these prestigious institutions play a dominant role in the health care system. We used individual-level inpatient discharge data for acute care hospitals to examine the degree of hospital racial/ethnic and insurance segregation in both cities using the Index of Dissimilarity, together with recent changes in patterns of care in NYC...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114872/still-elegantly-muddling-through-nice-and-uncertainty-in-decision-making-about-the-rationing-of-expensive-medicines-in-england
#17
Michael Calnan, Ferhana Hashem, Patrick Brown
This article examines the "technological appraisals" carried out by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence as it regulates the provision of expensive new drugs within the English National Health Service on cost-effectiveness grounds. Ostensibly this is a highly rational process by which the regulatory mechanisms absorb uncertainty, but in practice, decision making remains highly complex and uncertain. This article draws on ethnographic data-interviews with a range of stakeholders and decision makers (n = 41), observations of public and closed appraisal meetings, and documentary analysis-regarding the decision-making processes involving three pharmaceutical products...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052709/views-on-the-effects-of-the-spanish-dependency-law-on-caregivers-quality-of-life-using-concept-mapping
#18
María Salvador-Piedrafita, Davide Malmusi, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Albert Espelt, Cristina Pérez, Elisabeth Solf, María Abajo Del Rincón, Carme Borrell
In 2006 the Spanish Dependency Law established new rights for people in situation of dependency. The impact of the Law could have also affected the quality of life of their carers. This study aims to understand how the Law may have influenced caregivers' quality of life through their own perceptions and those of Primary Health Care professionals, and to compare both perspectives. The study used Concept Mapping, a mixed methods technique. In total, 16 caregivers and 21 professionals participated. Both groups identified a mix of positive and negative effects...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956579/debate-on-the-chernobyl-disaster-response-to-alison-rosamund-katz
#19
Sergei V Jargin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956578/the-cuban-response-to-the-ebola-epidemic-in-west-africa-lessons-in-solidarity
#20
Enrique Beldarraín Chaple, Mary Anne Mercer
In December 2013 the first case of Ebola appeared in Guinea. In September 2014 the United Nations (UN) and its specialized agency the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a call for medical collaboration in response to the medical crisis and social disaster caused by the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa. Cuban authorities responded immediately to the call by offering specialized help for the epidemic, in collaboration with WHO. A group of 256 Cuban doctors, nurses and other health professionals provided direct care during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Equatorial Guinea from October 2014 to April 2015...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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