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International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764589/uncovering-how-urban-regeneration-programs-may-stimulate-leisure-time-walking-among-adults-in-deprived-areas-a-realist-review
#1
Daniëlle Kramer, Jeroen Lakerveld, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
Evidence suggests that urban regeneration programs can stimulate leisure-time walking (LTW) in deprived areas. However, underlying pathways remain unclear. This study explored how urban regeneration might stimulate LTW among adults in deprived areas. We conducted a realist review, a theory-driven approach to evidence synthesis that focuses on mechanisms. We searched three electronic databases for peer-reviewed literature that describes how the neighborhood environment or urban regeneration influences LTW among adults in deprived areas...
October 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587500/evaluation-of-health-equity-impact-of-structural-policies-overview-of-research-methods-used-in-the-sophie-project
#2
Anton E Kunst
This article briefly assesses the research methods that were applied in the SOPHIE project to evaluate the impact of structural policies on population health and health inequalities. The evaluation of structural policies is one of the key methodological challenges in today's public health. The experience in the SOPHIE project was that mixed methods are essential to identify, understand, and predict the health impact of structural policies. On the one hand, quantitative studies that included spatial comparisons or time trend analyses, preferably in a quasi-experimental design, showed that some structural policies were associated with improved population health and smaller health inequalities...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292228/revisiting-health-regionalization-in-canada
#3
Paul Barker, John Church
Twenty years ago, many of Canada's provinces began to introduce regional health authorities to address problems with their health care systems. With this action, the provinces sought to achieve advances in community decision-making, the integration of health services, and the provision of care in the home and community. The authorities were also to help restrict health care costs. An assessment of the authorities indicates, however, that over the past two decades they have been unable to meet their objectives...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183225/international-association-of-health-policies-iahp-call-for-solidarity
#4
Mauricio Torres-Tovar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114871/criticism-of-volume-1181-of-the-new-york-academy-of-sciences-reaches-a-new-low
#5
Alison Rosamund Katz
Rebuttal to "Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: a response to Alison Rosamund Katz," by Sergei Jargin.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024453/family-structure-child-living-arrangement-and-mothers-self-rated-health-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Sara C Fritzell, H Michael Gähler
Alternate living, i.e. children living 50-50 with their parents following separation is emerging as a new family form. This study is the first to differentiate separated mothers with sole/main custody from mothers with alternately living children, analysing health outcomes and using a sample representative of the population. The association between the self-rated health (SRH) of mothers and different family structures are examined. Parental cooperation is included in the analyses as a potential mediator. Data on 755 mothers from the 2010 Swedish Level of Living Survey were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095077/canadian-health-care-system-who-should-pay-for-all-medically-beneficial-treatments-a-burning-issue
#7
Mohammad Ziaul Islam Chowdhury, Monsur Ahmed Chowdhury
The Canadian health care system can be characterized as a mix of public and private participation, although it is often described as a publicly funded system. In Canada, "medically necessary" services are covered with public funds; however, the Canada Health Act provides no formal definition of medical necessity. The provincial and territorial health care insurance plans decide which services are medically necessary. As a result, coverage of hospital and medical services differs among provinces. Outpatient prescription drugs are not covered by public plans...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086619/health-inequalities-in-south-asia-at-the-launch-of-sustainable-development-goals-exclusions-in-health-in-kerala-india-need-political-interventions
#8
C U Thresia
Despite substantial progress in social development during the post-colonial period, health inequalities in the South Asian countries were staggering, with reduced life expectancy, higher maternal and child mortality, and gender discrimination. Notably, even with the rapid economic growth during the neoliberal period, India fares below most of the South Asian countries in several health indicators. The Indian state of Kerala stands out with social sector gains; nevertheless, evidence indicates widening health inequalities, restricted public arenas, and undemocratic practices in health, particularly in the context of increasing market logic in the health and social arenas shaping health...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039720/trends-in-the-contribution-of-emergency-departments-to-the-provision-of-health-care-in-the-usa
#9
David Marcozzi, Brendan Carr, Alisha Liferidge, Nicole Baehr, Brian Browne
Traditional approaches to assessing the health of populations focus on the use of primary care and the delivery of care through patient-centered homes, managed care resources, and accountable care organizations. The use of emergency departments (EDs) has largely not been given consideration in these models. Our study aimed to determine the contribution of EDs to the health care received by Americans between 1996 and 2010 and to compare it with the contribution of outpatient and inpatient services using National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Discharge Survey databases...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971720/crisis-in-u-s-health-care-corporate-power-still-blocks-reform
#10
John Geyman
The corporate, largely privatized market-based U.S. health care system is deteriorating in terms of increasing costs, decreasing access, unacceptable quality of care, inequities, and disparities. Reform efforts to establish universal insurance coverage have failed on six occasions over the last century, largely through opposition of corporate stakeholders in the medical-industrial complex. This article provides historical perspective to previous reform attempts, updates the current battle between Republicans and Democrats over repeal of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), and compares three financing alternatives-continuation of the ACA; its replacement by a Republican plan (the House's American Health Care Act or its Senate counterpart, the Better Care Reconciliation Act); and single-payer national health insurance (NHI or Medicare for All)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969505/the-role-of-contextual-socioeconomic-circumstances-and-neighborhood-poverty-segregation-on-mortality-in-4-european-cities
#11
Chiara Marinacci, Moreno Demaria, Giulia Melis, Carme Borrell, Diana Corman, Marc Marí Dell'Olmo, Maica Rodriguez, Giuseppe Costa
Several studies have recognized the health disadvantage of residents in socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods, independent of the influence of individual socioeconomic conditions. The effect of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation on general mortality has appeared heterogeneous among the cities analyzed: the underlying mechanisms have been less empirically explored, and explanations for this heterogeneous health effect remain unclear. The present study aimed to: (1) analyze the distribution of socioeconomically disadvantaged persons in neighborhoods of 4 European cities-Turin, Barcelona, Stockholm and Helsinki-trying to measure segregation of residents according to their socioeconomic conditions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958178/the-national-health-services-of-brazil-and-northern-europe-universality-equity-and-integrality-time-has-come-for-the-latter
#12
Garibaldi D Gurgel, Islândia M Carvalho de Sousa, Sydia Rosana de Araujo Oliveira, Francisco de Assis da Silva Santos, Finn Diderichsen
In 1990 the national health services in the United Kingdom and Sweden started to split up in internal markets with purchasers and providers. It was also the year when Brazil started to implement a national health service (SUS) inspired by the British national health service that aimed at principles of universality, equity, and integrality. While the reform in Brazil aimed at improving equity and effectiveness, reforms in Europe aimed at improving efficiency in order to contain costs. The European reforms increased supply and utilization but never provided the large increase in efficiency that was hoped for, and inequities have increased...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950763/here-or-there-recent-u-s-immigrants-medical-and-dental-tourism-and-associated-factors
#13
Sou Hyun Jang
Applying Andersen's health care utilization model, this paper shows the prevalence of immigrants' medical and dental tourism and associated factors. An analysis of the 2003 New Immigrant Survey data shows that about 17% of immigrants received medical care in a foreign country, whereas about one-third obtained dental care outside the United States. Latino immigrants have a higher prevalence of both types of tourism than their Asian counterparts. Race, level of education, and health insured status are commonly associated with medical and dental tourism...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906168/the-affordable-care-act-how-nixon-s-health-reform-proposal-became-democrats-albatross
#14
Steffie Woolhandler, David U Himmelstein
President Obama's signature health care reform, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), was passed in 2010 and fully implemented in 2014. Two years later, Republicans' attacks on the ACA as a failed reform helped fuel their recent electoral victory. The legislation significantly expanded insurance coverage. But it was built on, and fortified, private health insurance firms, and it accelerated the corporate takeover of hospitals and physicians' practices. This obeisance to corporate interests precluded making coverage universal or care affordable...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906167/-it-s-totally-destroyed-our-life-exploring-the-pathways-and-mechanisms-between-precarious-employment-and-health-and-well-being-among-immigrant-men-and-women-in-toronto
#15
Stephanie Premji
Precarious employment is rapidly growing, but qualitative data on pathways to and mechanisms for health and well-being is lacking. This article describes the cumulative and intersecting micro-level pathways and mechanisms between precarious employment and health among immigrant men and women in Toronto. It draws on semi-structured interviews conducted in 2014 with 15 women and 12 men from 11 countries of origin. The article describes how precarious employment, conceptualized by workers as encompassing powerlessness, economic insecurity, work for multiple employers, nonstandard and unpredictable schedules, hazardous working conditions, and lack of benefits and protections, negatively impacts workers' physical and mental health as well as that of their spouses or partners and children...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882097/access-and-utilization-of-prenatal-health-care-services-in-rural-communities-a-study-of-isiekenesi-in-imo-state
#16
Okechukwu Odinaka Ajaegbu
Pregnancy and childbirth complications are leading causes of death and disability among women of reproductive age, especially in developing countries, with Nigeria experiencing 576 deaths in every 100,000 births. This is particularly worrisome when most of these deaths could be prevented if pregnant women seek prenatal health care services. It is in the light of the foregoing that this research investigates the level of access and factors that influence use of prenatal health care services in Isiekenesi. Secondary and primary data were used for this study...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853338/future-costs-of-long-term-care-in-japan-and-sweden
#17
Mårten Lagergren, Noriko Kurube, Yasuhiko Saito
Population aging is expected to increase long-term care (LTC) costs in both Japan and Sweden. This study projected LTC costs for 2010 through 2040 for different assumptions of population change, LTC need by age group and gender, and LTC provided per level of need and cost in Japan and Sweden. Population data were taken from the official national forecasts. Needs projections were based on epidemiological data from the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging and the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847235/competing-forces-of-socioeconomic-development-and-environmental-degradation-on-health-and-happiness-for-different-income-groups-in-china
#18
Lijuan Gu, Mark W Rosenberg, Juxin Zeng
China's rapid socioeconomic growth in recent years and the simultaneous increase in many forms of pollution are generating contradictory pictures of residents' well-being. This paper applies multilevel analysis to the 2013 China General Social Survey data on social development and health to understand this twofold phenomenon. Multilevel models are developed to investigate the impact of socioeconomic development and environmental degradation on self-reported health (SRH) and self-reported happiness (SRHP), differentiating among lower, middle, and higher income groups...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828945/the-importance-of-considering-social-class-to-understand-what-is-happening-in-the-united-states-the-election-of-donald-trump
#19
Vicente Navarro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764582/how-drone-strikes-and-a-fake-vaccination-program-have-inhibited-polio-eradication-in-pakistan-an-analysis-of-national-level-data
#20
Jonathan Kennedy
This article investigates whether the United States' counterinsurgency operations have inhibited polio eradication efforts in northwestern Pakistan, the world's last major reservoir of polio. Anecdotal evidence suggests that militants disrupt polio vaccination programs because of suspicions that campaigns are a cover for gathering intelligence on Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) drone targets. This paper analyzes national-level quantitative data to test this argument. Between 2004 and 2012, the number of polio cases in Pakistan closely mirrored the number of drone strikes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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