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International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587500/evaluation-of-health-equity-impact-of-structural-policies-overview-of-research-methods-used-in-the-sophie-project
#1
Anton E Kunst
This article briefly assesses the research methods that were applied in the SOPHIE project to evaluate the impact of structural policies on population health and health inequalities. The evaluation of structural policies is one of the key methodological challenges in today's public health. The experience in the SOPHIE project was that mixed methods are essential to identify, understand, and predict the health impact of structural policies. On the one hand, quantitative studies that included spatial comparisons or time trend analyses, preferably in a quasi-experimental design, showed that some structural policies were associated with improved population health and smaller health inequalities...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292228/revisiting-health-regionalization-in-canada
#2
Paul Barker, John Church
Twenty years ago, many of Canada's provinces began to introduce regional health authorities to address problems with their health care systems. With this action, the provinces sought to achieve advances in community decision-making, the integration of health services, and the provision of care in the home and community. The authorities were also to help restrict health care costs. An assessment of the authorities indicates, however, that over the past two decades they have been unable to meet their objectives...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183225/international-association-of-health-policies-iahp-call-for-solidarity
#3
Mauricio Torres-Tovar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114871/criticism-of-volume-1181-of-the-new-york-academy-of-sciences-reaches-a-new-low
#4
Alison Rosamund Katz
Rebuttal to "Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: a response to Alison Rosamund Katz," by Sergei Jargin.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024453/family-structure-child-living-arrangement-and-mothers-self-rated-health-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sara C Fritzell, H Michael Gähler
Alternate living, i.e. children living 50-50 with their parents following separation is emerging as a new family form. This study is the first to differentiate separated mothers with sole/main custody from mothers with alternately living children, analysing health outcomes and using a sample representative of the population. The association between the self-rated health (SRH) of mothers and different family structures are examined. Parental cooperation is included in the analyses as a potential mediator. Data on 755 mothers from the 2010 Swedish Level of Living Survey were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906168/the-affordable-care-act-how-nixon-s-health-reform-proposal-became-democrats-albatross
#6
Steffie Woolhandler, David U Himmelstein
President Obama's signature health care reform, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), was passed in 2010 and fully implemented in 2014. Two years later, Republicans' attacks on the ACA as a failed reform helped fuel their recent electoral victory. The legislation significantly expanded insurance coverage. But it was built on, and fortified, private health insurance firms, and it accelerated the corporate takeover of hospitals and physicians' practices. This obeisance to corporate interests precluded making coverage universal or care affordable...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906167/-it-s-totally-destroyed-our-life-exploring-the-pathways-and-mechanisms-between-precarious-employment-and-health-and-well-being-among-immigrant-men-and-women-in-toronto
#7
Stephanie Premji
Precarious employment is rapidly growing, but qualitative data on pathways to and mechanisms for health and well-being is lacking. This article describes the cumulative and intersecting micro-level pathways and mechanisms between precarious employment and health among immigrant men and women in Toronto. It draws on semi-structured interviews conducted in 2014 with 15 women and 12 men from 11 countries of origin. The article describes how precarious employment, conceptualized by workers as encompassing powerlessness, economic insecurity, work for multiple employers, nonstandard and unpredictable schedules, hazardous working conditions, and lack of benefits and protections, negatively impacts workers' physical and mental health as well as that of their spouses or partners and children...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882097/access-and-utilization-of-prenatal-health-care-services-in-rural-communities-a-study-of-isiekenesi-in-imo-state
#8
Okechukwu Odinaka Ajaegbu
Pregnancy and childbirth complications are leading causes of death and disability among women of reproductive age, especially in developing countries, with Nigeria experiencing 576 deaths in every 100,000 births. This is particularly worrisome when most of these deaths could be prevented if pregnant women seek prenatal health care services. It is in the light of the foregoing that this research investigates the level of access and factors that influence use of prenatal health care services in Isiekenesi. Secondary and primary data were used for this study...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853338/future-costs-of-long-term-care-in-japan-and-sweden
#9
Mårten Lagergren, Noriko Kurube, Yasuhiko Saito
Population aging is expected to increase long-term care (LTC) costs in both Japan and Sweden. This study projected LTC costs for 2010 through 2040 for different assumptions of population change, LTC need by age group and gender, and LTC provided per level of need and cost in Japan and Sweden. Population data were taken from the official national forecasts. Needs projections were based on epidemiological data from the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging and the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847235/competing-forces-of-socioeconomic-development-and-environmental-degradation-on-health-and-happiness-for-different-income-groups-in-china
#10
Lijuan Gu, Mark W Rosenberg, Juxin Zeng
China's rapid socioeconomic growth in recent years and the simultaneous increase in many forms of pollution are generating contradictory pictures of residents' well-being. This paper applies multilevel analysis to the 2013 China General Social Survey data on social development and health to understand this twofold phenomenon. Multilevel models are developed to investigate the impact of socioeconomic development and environmental degradation on self-reported health (SRH) and self-reported happiness (SRHP), differentiating among lower, middle, and higher income groups...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828945/the-importance-of-considering-social-class-to-understand-what-is-happening-in-the-united-states-the-election-of-donald-trump
#11
Vicente Navarro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764589/uncovering-how-urban-regeneration-programs-may-stimulate-leisure-time-walking-among-adults-in-deprived-areas-a-realist-review
#12
Daniëlle Kramer, Jeroen Lakerveld, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
Evidence suggests that urban regeneration programs can stimulate leisure-time walking (LTW) in deprived areas. However, underlying pathways remain unclear. This study explored how urban regeneration might stimulate LTW among adults in deprived areas. We conducted a realist review, a theory-driven approach to evidence synthesis that focuses on mechanisms. We searched three electronic databases for peer-reviewed literature that describes how the neighborhood environment or urban regeneration influences LTW among adults in deprived areas...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764582/how-drone-strikes-and-a-fake-vaccination-program-have-inhibited-polio-eradication-in-pakistan-an-analysis-of-national-level-data
#13
Jonathan Kennedy
This article investigates whether the United States' counterinsurgency operations have inhibited polio eradication efforts in northwestern Pakistan, the world's last major reservoir of polio. Anecdotal evidence suggests that militants disrupt polio vaccination programs because of suspicions that campaigns are a cover for gathering intelligence on Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) drone targets. This paper analyzes national-level quantitative data to test this argument. Between 2004 and 2012, the number of polio cases in Pakistan closely mirrored the number of drone strikes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741450/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-reforms-on-access-to-emergency-department-and-elective-surgery-services-1994-2014
#14
Sandeep Reddy, Peter Jones, Harsha Shanthanna, Raechel Damarell, John Wakerman
This systematic review sought to identify whether health care reforms led to improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) and elective surgery (ES) access in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. The review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42015016343), and nine databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language reports published between 1994 and 2014. We also searched relevant "grey" literature and websites. Included studies were checked for cited and citing papers...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735562/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-knowledge-and-practices-in-the-management-of-congenital-syphilis-by-pediatricians-in-public-maternity-hospitals-in-brazil
#15
Raquel Rodrigues Dos Santos, Roberta Pereira Niquini, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues
The study aimed to assess conformity with Brazil's standard protocol for diagnostic and therapeutic practices in the management of congenital syphilis by pediatricians in public maternity hospitals. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 with 41 pediatricians working in all the public maternity hospitals in Teresina, the capital of Piauí State, Northeast Brazil, through self-completed questionnaires. The study assessed the conformity of knowledge and practices according to the Brazilian Ministry of Health protocols...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689472/politics-and-professions-interdisciplinary-team-models-and-their-implications-for-health-equity-in-ontario
#16
Susan Marie Haydt
Ontario's efforts to reform primary care through interdisciplinary primary care teams are unprecedented in Canada. Since 2004, the provincial government has focused its reform efforts on three models: Family Health Teams (FHTs), Community Health Centres (CHCs), and Nurse Practitioner-led Clinics (NPLCs). These models vary by team structure, funding, and governance. I examine the strong preference for the FHT model by the government and medical profession, and the implications of this preference on health equity...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649928/beyond-the-medical-model
#17
Scott J Fitzpatrick, Jo River
The medical model continues to dominate research and shape policy and service responses to suicide. In this work we challenge the assumption that the medical model always provides the most effective and appropriate care for persons who are suicidal. In particular, we point to service user perspectives of health services which show that interventions are often experienced as discriminatory, culturally inappropriate, and incongruent with the needs and values of persons who are suicidal. We then examine "humanistic" approaches to care that have been proposed as a corrective to an overly medical model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649927/retrenched-welfare-regimes-still-lessen-social-class-inequalities-in-health
#18
C Muntaner, O Davis, K McIsaack, L Kokkinen, Shankardass K, P O'Campo
This article builds on recent work that has explored how welfare regimes moderate social class inequalities in health. It extends research to date by using longitudinal data from the EU-SILC (2003-2010) and examines how the relationship between social class and self-reported health and chronic conditions varies across 23 countries, which are split into five welfare regimes (Nordic, Anglo-Saxon, Eastern, Southern, and Continental). Our analysis finds that health across all classes was only worse in Eastern Europe (compared with the Nordic countries)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649926/neoliberalization-s-propagation-of-health-inequity-in-urban-rebuilding-processes
#19
Marisela B Gomez
This article will discuss how neoliberal processes during urban redevelopment sustain and increase health inequities through uneven wealth accumulation and development. It will use examples of urban development in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, to highlight how key neoliberal strategies of territorial development, economic development, and place promotion- mediated through the process of creative destruction-result in uneven development and wealth accumulation, which in turn result in health inequities...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474997/availability-of-outpatient-mental-health-care-by-pediatricians-and-child-psychiatrists-in-five-u-s-cities
#20
Shireen Cama, Monica Malowney, Anna Jo Bodurtha Smith, Margaret Spottswood, Elisa Cheng, Louis Ostrowsky, Jose Rengifo, J Wesley Boyd
The authors sought to assess the availability of outpatient mental health care through pediatrician and child psychiatrist offices in the United States and to characterize differences in appointment availability by location, provider type, and insurance across five cities. To do so, the authors posed as parents of a 12-year-old child with depression, gave a predetermined insurance type, and asked to make the first available appointment with the specified provider. They called the offices of 601 individual pediatricians and 312 child psychiatrists located in five U...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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