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Bioorganic Chemistry

Ahmed H Abdelazeem, Mohammed T El-Saadi, Eman G Said, Bahaa G M Youssif, Hany A Omar, Samir M El-Moghazy
Over the last few decades, a growing body of studies addressed the anticancer activity of NSAIDs, particularly selective COX-2 inhibitors. However, their exact molecular mechanism is still unclear and is not fully investigated. In this regard, a novel series of compounds bearing a COXs privilege scaffold, diphenyl thiazole, was synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity against a panel of cancer cell lines. The most active compounds 10b, 14a,b, 16a, 17a,b and 18b were evaluated in vitro for COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory activity...
September 12, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Assem Barakat, M Ali, Abdullah Mohammed Al-Majid, Sammer Yousuf, M Iqbal Choudhary, Ruqaiya Khalil, Zaheer Ul-Haq
Synthesis, structure, and evaluation of in vitro α-glucosidase enzyme inhibition of a new class of diethylammonium salts of aryl substituted thiobarbituric acid is described. This protocol is straight, environmentally benign and efficient, involving Aldol-Michael addition reaction in one pot fashion. The 3D chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were assigned based on spectroscopic methods and X-ray single crystal diffraction analyses. All synthesized compounds 3a-3n were evaluated for their in vitro α-glucosidase enzyme inhibitory activity, whereas acarbose was used as the standard drug (IC50=840±1...
September 12, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Hassan Mirzaei, Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Mona Modanloo, Ali Ziar, Gholam Hossein Riazi, Saeed Emami
Tubulin-targeting compounds have a broad anticancer spectrum and are an important class of chemotherapeutic agents. Due to the importance of 3-bromo-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl scaffold in the anticancer activity of microtubule inhibitors such as crolibulin (EPC2407), we introduced this functionality into the indole-derived chalcones. Thus, we describe here the synthesis and biological evaluation of new indole-based chalconoids as tubulin-targeting antiproliferative agents. The best result was obtained by compound 9b against A549 cell with IC50 of 4...
September 7, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Muhammad Taha, Syed Adnan Ali Shah, Syahrul Imran, Muhammad Afifi, Sridevi Chigurupati, Manikandan Selvaraj, Fazal Rahim, Hayat Ullah, Khalid Zaman, Shantini Vijayabalan
The α-amylase acts as attractive target to treat type-2 diabetes mellitus. Therefore in discovering a small molecule as α-amylase inhibitor, we have synthesized benzofuran carbohydrazide analogs (1-25), characterized through different spectroscopic techniques such as (1)HNMR and EI-MS. All screened analog shows good α-amylase inhibitory potentials with IC50 value ranging between 1.078±0.19 and 2.926±0.05µM when compared with acarbose having IC50=0.62±0.22µM. Only nine analogs among the series such as analogs 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 21, 23 and 24 exhibit good inhibitory potential with IC50 values 1...
September 7, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Zahra Setayesh-Mehr, Ahmad Asoodeh
The hypertension is one of the highest risk factors for stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease and chronic kidney disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) has an important role in the physiological regulation of cardiovascular system. ACE inhibition is a key purpose for hypertension treatment. In this study, two peptides named HL-7 with the sequence of YLYELAR (MW: 927.07Da) and HL-10 with the sequence of AFPYYGHHLG (MW: 1161.28Da) were identified from scorpion venom of H. lepturus. The inhibitory activity of HL-7 and HL-10 was examined on rabbit ACE...
September 7, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Yingying Jiang, Hongwei Gao, Gulmira Turdu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting 25 million people worldwide, and cholinergic hypothesis is considered as an important hypotheses in the processes of improving cognitive function and recognition skills in recent years. For the long-term treatment of AD, traditional Chinese medicine are particularly suitable for drug discovery. In this review, we sum up six traditional Chinese medicinal herbs concerned with development of AChEIs, including Herba Epimedii, Coptis Chinensis Franch, Rhizoma Curcumae Longae, Green tea, Ganoderma, Panax Ginseng...
September 6, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Irena Vaškevičienė, Vaida Paketurytė, Asta Zubrienė, Kristina Kantminienė, Vytautas Mickevičius, Daumantas Matulis
A series of N-substituted and N,N-disubstituted β-amino acids and their derivatives bearing benzenesulfonamide moiety were designed and synthesized in search of compounds that would be high-affinity and selective inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrases (CA). There are 12 catalytically active human CA isoforms, the cytosolic CA I, CA II, CA III, CA VII, and CA XIII, secreted CA VI, the mitochondrial CA VA and CA VB, membrane-associated CA IV, and transmembrane CA IX, CA XII, and CA XIV. The di-bromo meta-substituted compounds exhibited low nanomolar dissociation constants and over 10-fold selectivity for mitochondrial isozyme CA VB, implicated in diseases of the central nervous system and obesity...
September 6, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Huma Aslam Bhatti, Yildiz Tehseen, Kiran Maryam, Maliha Uroos, Bina S Siddiqui, Abdul Hameed, Jamshed Iqbal
Recent efforts to develop cure for chronic diabetic complications have led to the discovery of potent inhibitors against aldose reductase (AKR1B1, EC whose role in diabetes is well-evident. In the present work, two new natural products were isolated from the ariel part of Ocimum basilicum; 7-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methyl-8-β-O-d-glucoside-2H-chromen-2-one (1) and E-4-(6'-hydroxyhex-3'-en-1-yl)phenyl propionate (2) and confirmed their structures with different spectroscopic techniques including NMR spectroscopy etc...
September 5, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Özden Tarı, Fatma Gümüş, Leyla Açık, Betül Aydın
The aim of this study was to synthesize and evaluate plasmid DNA interaction of new platinum(II) complexes with some 2-substituted benzimidazole derivatives as carrier ligands which may have potent anticancer activity and low toxicity. Twelve benzimidazole derivatives carrying indole, 2-/or 3-/or 4-methoxyphenyl, 4-methylphenyl, 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl, 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl, 4-methoxybenzyl, 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl, 3,4,5-trimethoxystyryl, 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzylthio or dimethylamino ethyl groups in their position 2 and twelve platinum(II) complexes with these carrier ligands were synthesized...
September 1, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Neera Raghav, Mamta Singh
Cathepsins have emerged as promising molecular targets in a number of diseases such as Alzeimer's, inflammation and cancer. Elevated cathepsin's levels and decreased cellular inhibitor concentrations have emphasized the search for novel inhibitors of cathepsins. The present work is focused on the design and synthesis of some acetophenone phenylhydrazone based pyrazole derivatives as novel non peptidyl inhibitors of cathepsins B, H and L. The synthesized compounds after characterization have been explored for their inhibitory potency against cathepsins B, H and L...
August 31, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Hina Andleeb, Yildiz Tehseen, Farrukh Jabeen, Imtiaz Khan, Jamshed Iqbal, Shahid Hameed
In the present study, the pharmacophore integration methodology provided an efficient access to a new library of thioxothiazolidinone-sulfonate conjugates (8a-r) from easily available synthetic precursors. The approach was excellently high yielding with flexible structural sites for chemical modifications. The designed hybrid scaffolds were assessed for aldehyde/aldose reductase inhibition activities. The results for the in vitro bioassays were promising with the identification of compound 8e as the lead and selective candidate for ALR2 inhibition with an IC50 value of 0...
August 31, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Bård Helge Hoff, Eirik Sundby
The use of literature data to identify catalysts for a novel transformation is a commonly used approach. Herein, we have evaluated if this is a viable strategy in enzyme catalysis, using asymmetric reduction of 1-aryl-2-alkanoates asa model system. The study, which includes data from 24 ketone substrates and 108 enzymes, clearly identifies pitfalls with this approach, but anyhow shows that literature data is highly useful for identification of enantioselective catalysts. By combining data for selectivity and rate useful catalyst for converting different substrates to their corresponding (R)- and (S)-enantiomers are highlighted...
August 31, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
H D Janse van Rensburg, G Terre'Blanche, M M van der Walt, L J Legoabe
Adenosine A1 and A2A receptors are attracting great interest as drug targets for their role in cognitive and motor deficits, respectively. Antagonism of both these adenosine receptors may offer therapeutic benefits in complex neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. The aim of this study was to explore the affinity and selectivity of 2-benzylidene-1-tetralone derivatives as adenosine A1 and A2A receptor antagonists. Several 5-hydroxy substituted 2-benzylidene-1-tetralone analogues with substituents on ring B were synthesized and assessed as antagonists of the adenosine A1 and A2A receptors via radioligand binding assays...
August 30, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Mohamed A Abdelgawad, Madlen B Labib, Mahmoud Abdel-Latif
A new series of pyrazole-hydrazone derivatives 4a-i were designed and synthesized, their chemical structures were confirmed by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, MS spectral data and elemental analysis. IC50 values for all prepared compounds to inhibit COX-1, COX-2 and 5-LOX enzymes were determined in vitro. Compounds 4a (IC50=0.67μM) and 4b (IC50=0.58μM) showed better COX-2 inhibitory activity than celecoxib (IC50=0.87μM) with selectivity index (SI=8.41, 10.55 in sequent) relative to celecoxib (SI=8.85). Also, compound 4a and 4b exhibited superior inhibitory activity against 5-LOX (IC50=1...
August 30, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Jun Ma, Xueyuan Yang, Peixia Wang, Bangjian Dong, Guochen Su, Muhetaer Tuerhong, Da-Qing Jin, Jing Xu, Dongho Lee, Yasushi Ohizumi, Jianping Lin, Yuanqiang Guo
A phytochemical investigation to obtain new NO inhibitors led to the isolation of nine compounds including one new guaiane-type sesquiterpenoid (1) and two new cleistanthane diterpenoids (2 and 3) from the stems of Trigonostemon howii. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data analysis, and the absolute configurations of new compounds 1-3 were established via comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 2 and 3 possess a rare 3,4-seco-cleistanthane diterpenoid skeleton...
August 24, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Menna A Ewida, Dalal A Abou El Ella, Deena S Lasheen, Heba A Ewida, Yomna I El-Gazzar, Hussein I El-Subbagh
A new series of 1,3-thiazoles and thiazolo[4,5-d]pyridazine both bearing the 2-thioureido function were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their invitro DHFR inhibition and antitumor activities. Compound 26 proved to be the most active DHFR inhibitor (IC50 of 0.06μM). Compound 4, 20 and 21 showed in vitro antitumor activity against a collection of cancer cell lines. Compound 26 proved lethal to HS 578T breast cancer cell line with IC50 value of 0.8μM, inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Molecular modeling studies concluded that recognition with key amino acids Phe 31 and Arg 22 is essential for DHFR binding...
August 24, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Akın Akıncıoğlu, Ebutalib Kocaman, Hülya Akıncıoğlu, Ramin Ekhteiari Salmas, Serdar Durdagi, İlhami Gülçin, Claudiu T Supuran, Süleyman Göksu
In this study, a series of novel β-benzylphenethylamines and their sulfamide derivatives were synthesized starting from (Z)-2,3-diphenylacrylonitriles. Pd-C catalysed hydrogenation of diphenylacrylonitriles, reduction of propanenitriles with LiAlH4 in the presence of AlCl3 followed by addition of conc. HCl afforded β-benzylphenethylamine hydrochloride salts. The reactions of these amine hydrochloride salts with chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (CSI) in the presence of tert-BuOH and excess Et3N gave sulfamoylcarbamates...
August 23, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Thi Trang Nguyen, Duc Hung Nguyen, Bing Tian Zhao, Duc Dat Le, Du Hyung Choi, Young Ho Kim, Thi Hoai Nguyen, Mi Hee Woo
A new lignan, utilisin (1), and a new alkaloid, echinoutilin (2), together with eleven known compounds 3-13 were isolated from the grains of Echinochloa utilis Ohwi & Yabuno. Their structures were identified through the analysis of spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration of 2 was determined by Mosher's method. These compounds were evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Among them, compounds 2, 3 and 6 exhibited considerable α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 42.1±1.3, 58...
August 20, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Saulo R Tintino, Cícera D Morais-Tintino, Fábia F Campina, Maria do S Costa, Irwin R A Menezes, Yedda Maria L S de Matos, João T Calixto-Júnior, Pedro S Pereira, José P Siqueira-Junior, Teresa C Leal-Balbino, Henrique D M Coutinho, Valdir Q Balbino
The widespread use of antibiotics created selective pressure for the emergence of strains that would persist despite antibiotic toxicity. The bacterial resistance mechanisms are several, with efflux pumps being one of the main ones. These pumps are membrane proteins with the function of removing antibiotics from the cell cytoplasm. Due to this importance, the aim of this work was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of tannic acid against efflux pumps expressed by the Staphylococcus aureus RN4220 and IS-58 strains...
August 12, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Aamer Saeed, Parvez Ali Mahesar, Pervaiz Ali Channar, Qamar Abbas, Fayaz Ali Larik, Mubashir Hassan, Hussain Raza, Sung-Yum Seo
A series of coumarinyl-pyrazolinyl substituted thiazoles derivatives were synthesized and their inhibitory effects on the DPPH and mushroom tyrosinase were evaluated. The results showed that all of the synthesized compounds exhibited significant mushroom tyrosinase inhibitory activities. In particular, 3-(5-(4-(benzyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(4-(4-bromophenyl)thiazol-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2H-chromen-2-one (7j) exhibited the most potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity with IC50 value 0.00458±0.00022μM compared with the IC50 value of kojic acid is 16...
August 12, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
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