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Bioorganic Chemistry

Muhammad Taha, Mastura Arbin, Norizan Ahmat, Syahrul Imran, Fazal Rahim
Due to the great biological importance of β-glucuronidase inhibitors, here in this study, we have synthesized a library of novel benzothiazole derivatives (1-30), characterized by different spectroscopic methods and evaluated for β-glucuronidase inhibitory potential. Among the series sixteen compounds i.e.1-6, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 20-23 and 26 showed outstanding inhibitory potential with IC50 value ranging in between 16.50 ± 0.26 and 59.45 ± 1.12 when compared with standard d-Saccharic acid 1,4-lactone (48...
January 4, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Adnan A Bekhit, Ahmed M Farghaly, Ragab M Shafik, Mona M A Elsemary, Alaa El-Din A Bekhit, Aida A Guemei, Mai S El-Shoukrofy, Tamer M Ibrahim
New thienopyrimidinone and triazolothienopyrimidinone derivatives have been synthesized. These compounds were subjected to anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activity screening aiming to identify new candidates that have dual anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. Compounds 5, 7 and 10a showed minimal ulcerogenic effect and high selectivity towards human recombinant COX-2 over COX-1 enzyme. Their docking outcome correlated with their biological activity and assured the high selectivity binding towards COX-2...
January 4, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Fujun Dai, Haoying He, Xiaojuan Xu, Shuai Chen, Chaojie Wang, Chenyang Feng, Zhiyong Tian, Huanyang Dong, Songqiang Xie
In this study, a series of novel naphthalimide-polyamine conjugates modified by alkylation at the terminal of the polyamine chain were synthesized. These novel conjugates were evaluated for their anti-cancer activities. The results revealed that the length of the polyamine chain and the terminal alkyl group had influences on anticancer activities. Compound 3g was chosen to further study the anti-cancer mechanism and evaluate the anti-tumor efficacy in vivo. It induced intrinsic apoptosis and suppressed migration of hepatoma cells...
January 4, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Andrea Angeli, Sonia Del Prete, William A Donald, Clemente Capasso, Claudiu T Supuran
The γ-class carbonic anhydrase (CAs, EC from the pathogenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae, VchCAγ, was investigated for its activation with a panel of natural and non-natural amino acids and amines. The enzyme was effectively activated by l-tryptophan, 1-(2-minoethyl)-piperazine and 4-(2-aminoethyl)-morpholine, in the low nanomolar range (KAs 8-71 nM). In contrast, l-/d-Phe, l-/d-DOPA, d-Trp, l-/d-Tyr, 4-amino-l-Phe, histamine, dopamine, serotonin, some pyridyl-alkylamines, as well as l-adrenaline were submicromolar activators (KAs between 0...
January 4, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Eva Havránková, Jozef Csöllei, Daniela Vullo, Vladimír Garaj, Pavel Pazdera, Claudiu T Supuran
A new series of s-triazine derivatives incorporating sulfanilamide, homosulfanilamide, 4-aminoethyl-benzenesulfonamide and piperazine or aminoalcohol structural motifs is reported. Molecular docking was exploited to select compounds from virtual combinatorial library for synthesis and subsequent biological evaluation. The compounds were prepared by using step by step nucleophilic substitution of chlorine atoms from cyanuric chloride (2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine). The compounds were tested as inhibitors of physiologically relevant carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4...
January 3, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Rubina Bhutani, Dharam Pal Pathak, Garima Kapoor, Asif Husain, Ravi Kant, Md Azhar Iqbal
A small library of new benzothiazole clubbed oxadiazole-Mannich bases (M-1 to M-22) were synthesized and characterized by IR, NMR, Mass and Elemental analysis results. Molecular docking studies were done to assess the binding mode and interactions of synthesized hits at binding site of receptor Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, PPAR-γ or PPARG (PDB 1FM9). Among the synthesized compounds, nine compounds were selected on the basis of docking score and evaluated for their in vivo anti-diabetic activity using Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) in normal rats followed by Streptozotocin (STZ) - induced diabetes...
January 3, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Meeta Sahu, Nadeem Siddiqui, Vidushi Sharma, Sharad Wakode
Even after considerable advances in the field of epilepsy treatment, convulsions are inefficiently controlled by standard drug therapy. Herein, a series of pyrimidine-carbothioamide derivatives 4(a-t) was designed as anticonvulsant agents by doing some important structural modifications in well-known anticonvulsant drugs. Two classical animal models were used for the in vivo anticonvulsant screening, maximum electroshock seizure (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) models; followed by motor impairment study by rotarod method...
January 2, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Hamed Nosrati, Naser Sefidi, Ali Sharafi, Hossein Danafar, Hamidreza Kheiri Manjili
The bovine serum albumin-coated magnetic nanoparticles (F@BSA NPs) were prepared as curcumin (CUR) carriers through desolvation and chemical co-precipitation process. The characteristics of CUR loaded F@BSA NPs (F@BSA@CUR NPs) were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating-sampling magnetometry (VSM) techniques. It was found that the synthesized F@BSA@CUR NPs were spherical in shape with an average size of 56 ± 11...
January 2, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Kamelia M Amin, Yasmin M Syam, Manal M Anwar, Hamed I Ali, Tamer M Abdel-Ghani, Aya M Serry
This study deals with synthesis of a new set of benzofuran and 5H-furo[3,2-g]chromone linked various heterocyclic functionalities using concise synthetic approaches aiming to gain new antiproliferative candidates against MCF-7 breast cancer cells of p38α MAP kinase inhibiting activity. The biological data proved the significant sensitivity of breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 towards most of the prepared compounds in comparison with doxorubicin. In addition, compounds IIa,b, Va,b, VIa,b, VIIa,b, VIIIa,b, XIc showed significant in vitro p38α MAPK inhibiting potency comparable to the reference standard SB203580...
January 2, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Kuan Lu, Lude Cai, Xue Zhang, Guodong Wu, Congjun Xu, Yanfang Zhao, Ping Gong
A novel series of substituted benzamide derivatives bearing a 1,2,3-triazole moiety were designed and synthesized by click chemistry. Human dihydroorotate dehydrogenase inhibition assay was used to evaluate the synthesized compounds as potent hDHODH inhibitors. Most compounds showed moderate to significant potency, accompanied with a suitable clogD7.4 value and compounds 4d, 4o, and 5j effectively inhibited the activity of hDHODH with IC50 values of 2.1, 2.1 and 1.5 μM, respectively. Compound 4o also effectively suppressed proliferation of the activated PBMCs...
December 30, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Vladimir Burmistrov, Christophe Morisseau, Todd R Harris, Gennady Butov, Bruce D Hammock
Adamantyl groups are widely used in medicinal chemistry. However, metabolism limits their usage. Herein, we report the first systematic study of adamantyl ureas and diureas bearing substituents in bridgehead positions of adamantane and/or spacers between urea groups and adamantane group, and tested their effects on soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor potency and metabolic stability. Interestingly, the effect on activity against human and murine sEH varied in opposite ways with each new methyl group introduced into the molecule...
December 30, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Emre Menteşe, Fatih Yılmaz, Mustafa Emirik, Serdar Ülker, Bahittin Kahveci
In this study, a new series of benzimidazole and bisbenzimidazole derivatives were prepared via the reaction of iminoester hydrochlorides and o-phenylenediamines and then screened for their lipase inhibition properties. Among the synthesized molecules, compounds 7a, 8a and 8c showed the best inhibitory effect against lipase enzyme with IC50 values of 1.72 ± 0.12 µM, 1.92 ± 0.28 and 0.98 ± 0.07 µM, respectively. Moreover, molecular modeling studies were performed in order to understand to the inhibitory activity of the molecules...
December 28, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Rikeshwer Prasad Dewangan, Gopal Singh Bisht, Vijay Pal Singh, Mohammad Shahar Yar, Santosh Pasha
Design of therapeutically viable antimicrobial peptides with cell selectivity against microorganisms is an important step towards the development of new antimicrobial agents. Here, we report four de novo designed, short amphipathic sequences based on a α-helical template comprising of Lys, Trp and Leu or their corresponding D-and/or β-amino acids. Sequence A-12 was protease susceptible whereas its α/β-diastereomeric analogue UNA-12 was resistant to trypsin and proteinase K up to 24 h. A-12 and UNA-12 exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial activity (MIC: 2-32 µg/mL) against pathogens including methicillin resistant S...
December 26, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Musa Özil, Cansu Parlak, Nimet Baltaş
A novel 2-(aryl)-6-morpholin-4-yl(or 4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-1H-benzimidazole derivatives were designed and expeditiously synthesized starting from 5-morpholin-4-yl(or 4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-nitroaniline with various aldehydes which were preliminarily screened for in vitro antioxidant activities and glucosidase inhibitors. The benzimidazoles were effectively synthesized by a rapid 'onepot' nitro reductive cyclization reaction using sodium hydrosulfite as a reagent. All reactions were conducted using both the microwave and conventional methods to compare yields and reaction times...
December 16, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Tao Wang, Jacob G Vineberg, Tadashi Honda, Iwao Ojima
Theranostics will play a significant role in the next-generation chemotherapy. Two novel tumor-targeting theranostic drug conjugates, bearing imaging arms, were designed and synthesized. These theranostic conjugates consist of biotin as the tumor-targeting moiety, a second generation taxoid, SB-T-1214, as a potent anticancer drug, and two different imaging arms for capturing 99mTc for SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) and 64Cu for PET (positron emission tomography). To explore the best reaction conditions for capturing radionuclides and work out the chemistry directly applicable to "hot" nuclides, cold chemistry was investigated to capture 185Re(I) and 63Cu(II) species as surrogates for 99mTc and 64Cu, respectively...
December 11, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Konstantin Yu Ponomarev, Evgeniy V Suslov, Alexandra L Zakharenko, Olga D Zakharova, Artem D Rogachev, Dina V Korchagina, Ayesha Zafar, Jóhannes Reynisson, Andrey A Nefedov, Konstantin P Volcho, Nariman F Salakhutdinov, Olga I Lavrik
The ability of a number of nitrogen-containing compounds that simultaneously carry the adamantane and monoterpene moieties to inhibit Tdp1, an important enzyme of the DNA repair system, is studied. Inhibition of this enzyme has the potential to overcome chemotherapeutic resistance of some tumor types. Compound (+)-3c synthesized from 1-aminoadamantane and (+)-myrtenal, and compound 4a produced from 2-aminoadamantane and citronellal were found to be most potent as they inhibited Tdp1 with IC50 values of 6 and 3...
December 9, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Chao Han, Zhongrui Li, Jiqin Hou, Zhen Wang, Dingqiao Xu, Guimin Xue, Lingyi Kong
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1), which has been reported to be overexpressed in several human cancers, has recently emerged as an attractive therapeutic target for treating cancer. To date, almost all the developed LSD1 inhibitors are chemo-synthesized molecules, while α-mangostin is first characterized as xanthone-based natural inhibitor in the current study with IC50 values of 2.81 ± 0.44 μM. Bioactivity study and docking analysis indicated that α-mangostin could inhibit MDA-MB-231 cells migration and evasion through inhibit intracellular LSD1 activity...
December 8, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
M P Narasimha Rao, Burri Nagaraju, Jeshma Kovvuri, Sowjanya Polepalli, Sateesh Alavala, M V P S Vishnuvardhan, P Swapna, Vijaykumar D Nimbarte, Jerripothula K Lakshmi, Nishant Jain, Ahmed Kamal
A series of imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole linked indolinone conjugates were synthesized and investigated for antiproliferative activity in different human cancer cell lines by changing various substitutions at indolinone and phenyl ring systems. Among them conjugates 7, 14 and 15 were exhibited potent antiproliferative activity with GI50 values from 0.13 to 3.8 μΜ and evaluated for cell cycle analysis, tubulin polymerization assay and apoptosis. Treatment with 7, 14 and 15 were resulted in accumulation of cells in G2/M phase, inhibition of tubulin assembly, disruption of microtubule network...
December 7, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Yan-Ping Liu, Jin-Ying Tang, Yan Hua, Liang Lai, Xiu-Lan Luo, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Wen-Qing Yin, Guang-Ying Chen, Yan-Hui Fu
Six new polyoxygenated seco-cyclohexenes, artahongkongenes A-F (1-6), together with six known analogues (7-12) were isolated from the stems and leaves of Artabotrys hongkongensis. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods. All new compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicities against five human cancer cell lines: HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7 and SW480 in vitro. New seco-cyclohexenes 1-6 showed significant inhibitory effects against various human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0...
December 7, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Praveen Reddy Adiyala, Venkatesh Tekumalla, Ibrahim Bin Sayeed, V Lakshma Nayak, Apoorva Nagarajan, Mohd Adil Shareef, Burri Nagaraju, Ahmed Kamal
Cancer chemotherapy has several limitations such as often insufficient differentiation between malign tissue and benign tissue. The clinical utility of the pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines (PBDs) are inadequate because of the lack of selectivity for tumor tissues, high reactivity of the pharmacophoric imine functionality, low water solubility, and stability. To address these limitations two new β-glucoside prodrugs of PBDs have been synthesized and evaluated for their potential use in selective therapy of solid tumors by ADEPT...
December 7, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
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