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Bioorganic Chemistry

Ankita Rathore, Raja Sudhakar, Mohamed Jawed Ahsan, Abuzer Ali, Naidu Subbarao, Surender Singh Jadav, Sadiq Umar, M Shahar Yar
In search of potential therapeutics for inflammatory disease, we report herein the synthesis, characterization and anti-inflammatory activities of a new series of 1-{(5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)methyl}-2-(morpholinomethyl)-1H-benzimidazoles (5a-r). The anti-inflammatory activity of the compounds was evaluated using carrageenan induced rat paw edema test. Some compounds showed excellent anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan induced rat paw edema test. 1-{(5-(2-Chlorophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)methyl}-2-(morpholinomethyl)-1H-benzimidazole (5g) showed maximum anti-inflammatory (74...
November 29, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Mina Saeedi, Maliheh Safavi, Elahe Karimpour-Razkenari, Mohammad Mahdavi, Najmeh Edraki, Farshad Homayouni Moghadam, Mahnaz Khanavi, Tahmineh Akbarzadeh
In this work, novel chromenones linked to 1,2,3-triazole ring system were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-ChE activity. Among them, N-((1-(2-chlorobenzyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-5-yl)methyl)-8-methoxy-2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxamide (6m) showed good anti-acetylcholinesterase activity (IC50=15.42μM). Also, compound 6m demonstrated neuroprotective effect against H2O2-induced cell death in PC12 neurons, however, it showed no beta-secretase (BACE1) inhibitory activity. Docking and kinetic studies separately confirmed dual binding activity of compound 6m since it targeted both the catalytic active site (CAS) and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE...
November 24, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Seoung Rak Lee, Seulah Lee, Eunjung Moon, Hye-Jin Park, Hyun Bong Park, Ki Hyun Kim
Poria cocos Wolf (Polyporaceae) has been used as a medicinal fungus to treat various diseases since ancient times. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory chemical constituents of the sclerotia of P. cocos. Based on bioassay-guided fractionation using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw264.7 cells, chemical investigation of the EtOH extract of the sclerotia of P. cocos resulted in the isolation and identification of eight compounds including six triterpenoids, namely poricoic acid A (1), 3-O-acetyl-16α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid (2), polyporenic acid C (3), 3β-hydroxylanosta-7,9(11),24-trien-21-oic acid (4), trametenolic acid (5), and dehydroeburicoic acid (6), as well as (-)-pinoresinol (7) and protocatechualdehyde (8)...
November 23, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Srinivasarao Kondaparla, Awakash Soni, Ashan Manhas, Kumkum Srivastava, Sunil K Puri, S B Katti
In the present study we have synthesized a new class of 4-aminoquinolines and evaluated against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro (3D7-sensitive strain & K1-resistant strain) and Plasmodium yoelii in vivo (N-67 strain). Among the series, eleven compounds (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 21) showed superior antimalarial activity against K1 strain as compared to CQ. In addition, all these analogues showed 100% suppression of parasitemia on day 4 in the in vivo mouse model against N-67 strain when administered orally...
November 23, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Khaled R A Abdellatif, Wael A A Fadaly
A new series of 1,3,5-triaryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole 10a-l was designed and synthesized via cyclization of chalcones 8a-f with 4-amino/methanesulfonylphenylhydrazine hydrochloride 9a-b. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition, anti-inflammatory activity, ulcerogenic liability and analgesic activity. All compounds were more COX-2 inhibitors than COX-1. While most compounds showed good anti-inflammatory activity, the trimethoxy derivatives (10a, 10b, 10g and 10h) were the most potent derivatives (ED50=55...
November 21, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Angamaly Antony Shanty, Jessica Elizabeth Philip, Eeettinilkunnathil Jose Sneha, Maliyeckal R Prathapachandra Kurup, Sreedharannair Balachandran, Puzhavoorparambil Velayudhan Mohanan
Some new Schiff bases (H1-H7) have been synthesized by the condensation of 2-aminophenol, 2-amino-4-nitrophenol, 2-amino-4-methylphenol, 2-amino benzimidazole with thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde and pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR, UV-VIS, and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the synthesized compounds has been tested against Salmonella typhi, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus pumills, Escherichia coli, Bacillus circulans, Pseudomonas, Clostridium and Klebsilla pneumonia by disk diffusion method...
November 21, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Vijaya Kumari, Sandeep Kumar, Inderjeet Kaur, Tek Chand Bhalla
The synthesis of chitosan (Chs) and chitin (Chi) copolymer and grafting of acrylamide (AAm) onto the synthesized copolymer have been carried out by chemical methods. The grafted copolymer was characterized by FTIR, SEM and XRD. The extracellular cutinase of Aspergillus sp. RL2Ct (E.C. was purified to 4.46 fold with 16.1% yield using acetone precipitation and DEAE sepharose ion exchange chromatography. It was immobilized by adsorption on the grafted copolymer. The immobilized enzyme was found to be more stable then the free enzyme and has a good binding efficiency (78...
November 12, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Keng Yoon Yeong, Wai-Lam Liew, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah, Chee Wei Ang, Hasnah Osman, Soo Choon Tan
A series of novel cholinesterase inhibitors containing nitrobenzoate core structure were synthesized by a facile and efficient method. The structure of the novel compounds were fully characterized and confirmed by analytical as well as spectroscopic methods. Compound indicated as 2f was found to possess the best cholinesterase inhibitory activities of all the evaluated compounds. Results suggest that 2f is a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, although it also inhibits butyrylcholinesterase at higher concentration...
November 11, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Mohammed A A Abdullah, Gamal El-Din A A Abuo-Rahma, El-Shimaa M N Abdelhafez, Heba A Hassan, Rehab M Abd El-Baky
New hydroxamic acid, hydrazide and amide derivatives of ciprofloxacin in addition to their analogues of levofloxacin were prepared and identified by different spectroscopic techniques. Some of the prepared compounds revealed good activity against the urease splitting bacteria, Proteus mirabilis. The urease inhibitory activity was investigated using indophenol method. Most of the tested compounds showed better activity than the reference acetohydroxamic acid (AHA). The ciprofloxacin hydrazide derivative 3a and levofloxacin hydroxamic acid 7 experienced the highest activity (IC50=1...
November 9, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Chunling Dong, Peng Yan, Juxun Wang, Hailian Mu, Shuli Wang, Fangchun Guo
The oncogenic transcription factor forkhead box M (Foxm) is overexpressed in human colorectal cancer (CRC). Targeting the protein interaction with its cognate DNA has been established as an attractive approach to anti-CRC chemotherapy. State-of-the-art molecular dynamics (MD) simulations revealed that the Foxm adopts considerably different conformations to interact with and without its DNA partner; the holo conformation is tightly packed as a typical globulin configuration, whereas the apo form is locally unstructured that exhibits intrinsic disorder in DNA recognition helix, indicating that DNA binding can help the Foxm refolding...
November 9, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Naeem Abbas, Sumera Zaib, Syeda Mahwish Bakht, Aliya Ibrar, Imtiaz Khan, Sadaf Batool, Aamer Saeed, Jamshed Iqbal
The multifactorial nature of Parkinson's disease necessitates the development of new chemical entities with inherent ability to address key pathogenic processes. To this end, two series of new symmetrical 1,2- and 1,4-bis(2-aroyl/alkoylimino-5-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethylidene)-4-oxo-thiazolidin-3-yl)benzene derivatives (3a-g and 5a-e) were synthesized in good yields by the cyclization of 1,2- and 1,4-bis(N'-substituted thioureido)benzene intermediates with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) in methanol at ambient temperature...
November 9, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Allisson B Justino, Mariana N Pereira, Danielle D Vilela, Leonardo G Peixoto, Mário M Martins, Renata R Teixeira, Natália C Miranda, Neide M da Silva, Raquel M F de Sousa, Alberto de Oliveira, Foued S Espindola
Annona crassiflora Mart., whose fruit is popularly known as araticum, is a member of the Annonaceae family found in the Brazilian Cerrado. Although this plant has several medicinal uses, its bioactive molecules are not fully understood. A bioguided assay was performed to identify the main bioactive compounds of A. crassiflora fruit peel from the ethanol extract fractions with antioxidant capacity and α-amylase, α-glucosidase and glycation inhibitory activities. Ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions showed, respectively, higher antioxidant capacity (DPPH IC50 1...
November 9, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Laila H Abdel-Rahman, Ahmed M Abu-Dief, Rafat M El-Khatib, Shimaa Mahdy Abdel-Fatah
The complexes of Fe(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) with Schiff base derived from 2-amino-3-hydroxypyridine and 3-methoxysalicylaldehyde have been prepared. Melting points, decomposition temperatures, Elemental analyses, TGA, conductance measurements, infrared (IR) and UV-Visible spectrophotometric studies were utilized in characterizing the compounds. The UV-Visible spectrophotometric analysis revealed 1:1 (metal-ligand) stoichiometry for the three complexes. In addition to, the prepared complexes have been used as precursors for preparing their corresponding metal oxides nanoparticles via thermal decomposition...
November 1, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Yasaman Heidari, Graeme W Howe, Ronald Kluger
It has previously been established that the deprotonated amino substituent of the pyrimidine of thiamin diphosphate (ThDP) acts as an internal base to accept the C2H of the thiazolium in ThDP-dependent enzymes. The amino group has also been implicated in assisting the departure of the aldehydic product formed after loss of CO2 from ketoacid substrates. However, the potential role for the pyrimidine amino group in the key decarboxylation step has not been assessed. Oxythiamin contains a hydroxyl group in place of the pyrimidine amino group in thiamin, providing a basis for comparison of reactivity...
October 31, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Luis Gustavo Deus Teixeira, Luciana Malavolta, Patrícia Alessandra Bersanetti, Shirley Schreier, Adriana K Carmona, Clovis R Nakaie
This study uses EPR, CD, and fluorescence spectroscopy to examine the structure of bradykinin (BK) analogues attaching the paramagnetic amino acid-type Toac (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid) at positions 0, 3, 7, and 9. The data were correlated with the potencies in muscle contractile experiments and the substrate properties towards the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). A study of the biological activities in guinea pig ileum and rat uterus indicated that only Toac(0)-BK partially maintained its native biological potency among the tested peptides...
October 27, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Qingming Wang, Lei Yang, Hui Ding, Xuanrong Chen, Hua Wang, Xinhui Tang
Five new α-aminophosphonates are synthesized and characterized by EA, FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, (31)P NMR, ESI-MS and X-ray crystallography. The X-ray analyses reveal that the crystal structures of 1-5 are monoclinic or triclinic system with the space group P 21/c, P-1, P-1, P2(1)/c and P-1, respectively. All P atoms of 1-5 have tetrahedral geometries involving two O-ethyl groups, one Cα atom, and a double bond O atom. The binding interaction of five new α-aminophosphonate N-derivatives (1-5) with calf thymus(CT)-DNA have been investigated by UV-visible and fluorescence emission spectrometry...
October 27, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Suyu Gao, Dejuan Sun, Guan Wang, Jin Zhang, Yingnan Jiang, Guoyu Li, Ke Zhang, Lei Wang, Jian Huang, Lixia Chen
Five flavones, including four flavonoids and one prenylated chalcone (paratocarpin E), were isolated from E. humifusa. and their chemical structures were established by spectroscopic analyses. We assessed the efficacy of these compounds against the growth of human breast cancer, leukemic, kidney cancer cell lines. Among them, paratocarpin E showed significant cytotoxicity against these cancer cell lines with an IC50 of 19.6μM on the growth of MCF-7 cells. Paratocarpin E treatment of MCF-7 cells resulted in typical apoptotic features via increasing expression of activated caspase-8 and -9 and PARP cleavage...
October 25, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Yi-Chao Zheng, Dan-Dan Shen, Meng Ren, Xue-Qi Liu, Zhi-Ru Wang, Ying Liu, Qian-Na Zhang, Li-Juan Zhao, Li-Jie Zhao, Jin-Lian Ma, Bin Yu, Hong-Min Liu
Baicalin is one of the active ingredients in the skullcap, with a variety of pharmacological effects, such as blood pressure reduction, sedation, liver-protection, gallbladder-protection, anti-bacteria, and anti-inflammation. In our study, baicalin was first characterized as a LSD1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.01μM and showed strong LSD1 inhibitory effect in cells. Baicalin may serve as a template for designing flavone-based LSD1 inhibitors.
October 11, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Sufyan Ahmad, Fatima Iftikhar, Farhat Ullah, Abdul Sadiq, Umer Rashid
Based on the pharmacological importance of dihydropyrimidine (DHPM) scaffold, substituted DHPMs linked with acetamide linker to substituted aromatic anilines were synthesized and evaluated for their potency as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitors. The good AChE inhibitory activity of 4-dihydropyrimidine-2-thione (4a-h) and 2-amino-1,4-dihyropyrimidines (5a-h) series was observed with compound 4a and 4d identified as the most potent compounds with IC50 values of 0.17±0.01 and 0...
October 11, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Anupam G Banerjee, Nirupam Das, Sushant A Shengule, Piyoosh A Sharma, Radhey Shyam Srivastava, Sushant Kumar Shrivastava
A series of novel hybrids comprising of 1,3,4-oxadiazole/thiadiazole and 1,2,4-triazole tethered to 5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazin-3(2H)-one were designed, synthesised and evaluated as COX-2 inhibitors for the treatment of inflammation. The synthesised hybrids were characterised using FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, elemental (C,H,N) analyses and assessed for their anti-inflammatory potential by in vitro albumin denaturation assay. Compounds exhibiting activity comparable to indomethacin and celecoxib were further evaluated for in vivo anti-inflammatory activity...
October 11, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
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