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Tropical Doctor

Pradeepa H D, Sathish B Rao, Ganaraj B, Gopalakrishna Bhat, Chakrapani M
Dengue fever is an acute febrile illness with a duration of 2-12 days. Our observational study observed the 24-h continuous tympanic temperature pattern of 15 patients with dengue fever and compared this with 26 others with fever due to a non-dengue aetiology. A tri-phasic fever pattern was seen among two-thirds of dengue fever patients, but in only one with an inflammatory disease. One-third of dengue fever patients exhibited a single peak temperature. Continuous temperature monitoring and temperature pattern analysis in clinical settings can aid in the early differentiation of dengue fever from non-dengue aetiology...
April 2018: Tropical Doctor
Subraya Krishna Holla, Harish A Rao, Damodara Shenoy, Archith Boloor, Manaswitha Boyanagari
Snakebite associated with a venom-induced consumption coagulopathy (VICC) is a major public health problem. Our study aims to evaluate if fresh frozen plasma (FFP), administered after anti-snake venom (ASV), restores coagulability rapidly. At admission, all snakebite victims with a whole blood clotting time (WBCT) >20 min received ten vials of ASV according to World Health Organization criteria. After 6 h, at the discretion of the physician, patients with WBCT >20 min were divided into two groups...
April 2018: Tropical Doctor
Vic Albert Okoth, Joyce W Maina, James Ransom
Globally, nearly 500,000 women die annually from pregnancy- and childbirth-related complications. Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the most important factors in preventing maternal and infant mortality. This study investigated whether ANC attendance and sociodemographic characteristics of pregnant women influence uptake of skilled delivery at Lokitaung Sub-County Hospital, Turkana County, Kenya.
April 2018: Tropical Doctor
Anil Yadav, Roli Bansal, Anupama Tandon, Neelam Wadhwa, Shuchi Bhatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Tropical Doctor
Sadia Khan, Anil Kumar, Satyajit Kale, Nitin Kurkure, Gulsiv Nair, Kavitha Dinesh
Listeria monocytogenes is an intracellular organism which is well recognised for its ability to cause meningeal infections in neonates, immunosuppressed, debilitated and elderly individuals. 1 Other less common central nervous system (CNS) infections caused by Listeria spp. include rhomboencephalitis, cerebritis and abscesses in the brain, brain stem and spinal cord. The neuroradiological appearance of Listeria brain abscesses is similar to other types and may also mimic primary or metastatic brain tumours...
April 2018: Tropical Doctor
Lalee Varghese, Suma Susan Mathews, John Antony Jude Prakash, V Rupa
In order to study the bacteriological profile, antibiotic sensitivity and outcome following empirical therapy with early generation antibiotics in patients with deep head and neck infection, a retrospective review of 42 patients admitted for drainage and intravenous antibiotic therapy was performed. Ludwig's angina was the commonest infection, with the most common organisms isolated being Group F ß-haemolytic (15%) and non-haemolytic (12.5%) streptococcus. All streptococci and anaerobic gram-positive cocci were susceptible to penicillin...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Boubacar Efared, Ibrahim S Sidibé, Fatimazahra Erregad, Nawal Hammas, Laila Chbani, Hinde El Fatemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Ankush Sharma, Priyansh Jariwala, Navneet Kaur
The most common cause of gallbladder perforation is calculous cholecystitis. Rarer causes include trauma, iatrogenic injuries, biliary stasis and gall bladder ischemia. We report a case of gall bladder gangrene with perforation, secondary to extensive ascariasis. A 45-year-old woman presented with acute intestinal obstruction and jaundice. She had abdominal distension and right hypochondrial tenderness. Abdominal radiography showed dilated bowel loops and ultrasonogram showed worms in the small intestine and biliary tree...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Jojo Joseph, Abhinav Menon, Rudra Ramanathan, Deeksha Misra, Gabriel Rodrigues
Tuberculosis (TB) is a great mimic of many diseases and may present a dilemma in diagnosis. Sebaceous cyst is the commonest swelling that occurs in the scrotal skin. We present a 23-year-old patient who presented with a painful hard scrotal skin nodule, clinically diagnosed to be an infected calcified sebaceous cyst, excised and reported to be due to TB. Nodular scrotal skin TB is extremely rare but should nonetheless be considered as a differential diagnosis in regions where it is prevalent. Thus, excision of any suspicious nodule is indicated...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Sangeeta Roy, Brijesh Takkar, Priyanka Khandelwal, Rohan Chawla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Jasbir Singh, Poonam Dalal, Kamal Nain Rattan
A series of five children with delayed presentation of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), all initially misdiagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis, is described. All five children presented with recurrent respiratory infections and failure to thrive, having shown poor response to multiple antibiotics course, including anti-tubercular therapy for variable periods. Successful surgical intervention was belatedly instigated.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Gautam Ray
Clinical data of 65 histologically documented ulcerative colitis patients from January 2001 to December 2013 were prospectively recorded till June 2017 and analysed to determine the outcome of long-term maintenance treatment. Drugs used were 5-aminosalicylates, steroids and azathioprine. Primary outcome measure was relapse. Though 73.8% patients relapsed, most occurred within the first five years with mild to moderate severity and were easily controlled with the same medicines. None had progressive disease; drug discontinuation was possible in six cases...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Tameshwar K Algu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Şule Gökçe, Zafer Kurugöl, Candan Çiçek
The frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young infants admitted with acute bronchiolitis was analysed to determine whether the former affects the clinical course of the latter. A total of 92 infants aged <6 months admitted with acute bronchiolitis were tested for C. trachomatis by a cell culture technique, obtaining nasal smears from each infant's nostrils. A second nasal sampling was taken for respiratory viruses from the study group and tested with real-time polymerase chain reaction. Clinical characteristics of C...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Mohammad Adil, Syed Suhail Amin, Noora Saeed, Mohd Mohtashim, Annu Priya, Mahtab Alam
Lupus vulgaris, the commonest form of tuberculosis of the skin, presents with a plaque that enlarges slowly with advancing edges while showing atrophy at other areas. It may be acquired by the blood stream, via lymph, by contiguous spread or from external inoculation. We describe a case of lupus vulgaris with a large erythematous-scaly plaque of 44 × 26 cm over the back and a similar 7 × 5 cm plaque over the right thigh. The plaque over the back was gradually progressive for the previous ten years and showed scarring and atrophy at places...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Rini Bandyopadhyay, Veeraghavan Balaji, Bijesh Yadav, Sudha Jasmine, Sowmya Sathyendra, Priscilla Rupali
The epidemiology of typhoid fever in South Asia has changed. Multi-drug resistant (MDR) Salmonella typhi ( S. typhi) is now frequently resistant to nalidixic acid and thus labelled NARST. Treatment failure with the use of fluoroquinolones has been widely noted, forcing clinicians to adopt alternative treatment strategies. In this observational study, we looked at various treatment regimens and correlated clinical and microbiological outcomes. In 146 hospitalised adults, the median minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for ciprofloxacin was 0...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Vimlesh Soni, Sanjay Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Om Dawani, Raja Samir Khan, Mujtaba Jamal Syed, Abdul Moid Shehzad, Ahmed Alratoot, Muhammad Faizan Ahmed
For many years, tuberculosis (TB) has been endemic in Pakistan; many rare and unusual presentations have been reported. There is a myriad of non-specific symptoms which always requires a high index of clinical suspicion for TB. World Health Organization data suggest that Pakistan ranks as the fifth highest country burdened with TB and has the fourth highest prevalence of multi-drug resistant TB globally. With an annual incidence of 277 cases per 100,000, the importance of early diagnosis and treatment is self-evident...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Aastha Gupta, Kabir Sardana, Ram K Gautam
Noma or cancrum oris is an orofacial gangrene causing progressive mutilating destruction of the infected tissues. It mainly affects malnourished children with poor oral hygiene and concurrent debilitating systemic illnesses. It is a polymicrobial infection and borrelia vincentii and fusobacterium are the most important pathogens known. We present a case of a boy aged 2.5 years with noma where klebsiella was grown and was the initial cause of failure of empiric therapy.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Çiğdem Kader, Ayşe Erbay, Nazan Kılıç Akça, Selda Yüzer Alsaç, Sevinç Polat
Hepatitis A is a worldwide vaccine-preventable infection. The aim of our study was to determine the serological status of hepatitis A virus (HAV) among first-year nursing students in Turkey. A sample of 423 students was used and immunoglobulin G antibodies against HAV were determined quantitatively by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on each. Overall, 84.6% had no immunity to HAV, making them at risk for HAV, and so susceptible to nosocomial transmission. Nursing students who work in high-risk wards must be vaccinated against hepatitis A...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
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