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Journal of Drug Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200776/personality-self-esteem-and-perceived-stress-in-communal-residences-supporting-recovery
#1
Angela Reilly, Edward B Stevens, Leonard A Jason
The current study examined the relationships between a personality metatrait (Stability consisting of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism), self-esteem, and stress in an adult population of individuals with substance use disorders living in recovery homes. Adults ( N = 229) residing in 42 residential recovery settings were interviewed as part of the first wave of a longitudinal study in three sites. Standard error of the mean analysis found significant effects for several demographic variables on Stability, and Stability was significantly related both directly and indirectly to stress...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122080/attitudes-and-practices-regarding-responsible-beverage-service-focus-group-discussions-with-bar-and-restaurant-management-and-staff
#2
Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Keith J Horvath, Toben F Nelson, Jennifer E Plum, Traci L Toomey
Staff and management of bars and restaurants are the key players in assuring responsible beverage service (RBS) and preventing the overservice of alcohol to intoxicated patrons. We conducted six focus group discussions ( N = 42) with management and staff from bars and restaurants about RBS. We compared findings from these current discussions to results of focus group discussions conducted in the 1990s. In comparison to the earlier focus group discussions, we found that many managers and staff members had experience with RBS training programs, establishments generally had written alcohol service policies, and managers and staff members perceived greater likelihood of facing consequences from law enforcement for serving underage youth...
August 19, 2018: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534595/impact-of-tobacco-quitlines-on-smoking-cessation-in-persons-with-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#3
Rhonda Schwindt, Karen Suchanek Hudmon, Mitchell Knisely, Lorie Davis, Caitlin Pike
Persons with mental illness smoke at rates two to four times higher than do persons without mental illness and comprise 30.9% of the U.S. tobacco market. Given the prevalence of mental illness and the known detrimental effects of tobacco, concerted efforts are needed to promote the use of evidence-based treatment options. We conducted a systematic review of studies that examined the impact of tobacco quitline interventions in this population. Results revealed an overall positive impact of cessation services delivered via a tobacco quitline...
March 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482378/is-treatment-readiness-associated-with-substance-use-treatment-engagement-an-exploratory-study
#4
Lincoln B Sloas, Michael S Caudy, Faye S Taxman
With nearly 8.2% of Americans experiencing substance use disorders (SUDs), a need exists for effective SUD treatment and for strategies to assist treatment participants to complete treatment programs (Chandler, Fletcher, & Volkow, 2009). The purpose of the current research is to contribute to an emerging knowledge base about treatment readiness and its utility for predicting substance use treatment process performance measures. The study examines the relative salience of treatment readiness as a predictor of treatment engagement...
March 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231063/pour-convergence-college-students-definitions-and-free-poured-volumes-of-standard-alcohol-servings
#5
Carolynn S Kohn, Nicole R Schultz, Katrina Bettencourt, Heather Dunn Carlton
We examined the correspondence between college students' ( N = 192, 71% women) definitions of free-pours and their free-poured volumes of beer, wine, and liquor. Participants' mean beer definitions and free-pours were positively correlated; participants' mean wine and liquor definitions were larger than their free-pours, which were fairly accurate. Contrary to what the aggregate mean values indicated, fewer than half of the participants accurately free-poured a standard volume of beer, wine, or liquor (37...
March 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231045/let-s-get-involved-the-impact-of-service-learning-on-drinking-perceptions-alcohol-use-and-protective-behaviors-in-college-students
#6
Mark A Flynn, Elizabeth Carter, Clay Craig
While there is mounting support for the efficacy of alcohol-based curriculum infusion (CI) programs, studies have yielded mixed results. Insufficient attention has been given to nuances in the types of CI. Using a two-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, this study assessed two forms of CI, information-only (IO) and service learning (SL), on drinking perceptions, drinking behavior, and protective behaviors. When the entire sample was considered, CI significantly improved participants' drinking perceptions and behavior...
March 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231038/examining-the-impact-of-alcohol-and-other-drug-education-exposure-on-student-alcohol-consumption
#7
Ashley L Merianos, Adam E Barry
This investigation examined the association between alcohol and other drug (AOD) prevention/education programs and drinking behaviors among students aged 12 to 17 years. We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health ( N = 17,736). AOD prevention/education was assessed in three school settings: special class, regular class, and outside regular class. Outcome variables included past year alcohol use and current heavy episodic drinking. Associations were assessed via one-way analyses of variance and multiple regression models...
March 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440084/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-addictive-behaviors-among-russian-and-spanish-youth
#8
Jennifer Tsai, Jimi Huh, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Jose P Espada, María T Gonzálvez, Steve Sussman
Recently, an addiction matrix measure was assessed among U.S. former alternative high school youth. This presentation seeks to examine the generalizability of findings using this measure among Russian and Spanish high school adolescents. Latent class analysis was used to explore addiction subgroups among adolescents in Russia (average age = 16.27; n = 715) and Spain (average age = 14.9; n = 811). Last 30-day prevalence of one or more of 11 addictions reviewed in the previous work was the primary focus (i...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239238/interpersonal-contact-and-attitudes-toward-adolescents-who-abuse-substances
#9
George B Richardson, LaTrice Montgomery, Michael D Brubaker
Only 7.6% of adolescents in need of substance abuse treatment actually receive it. Many adolescents are hesitant to seek treatment due to public stigma (i.e., negative attitudes and beliefs of the general public toward individuals who abuse substances). However, decades of research indicate that interpersonal contact with stigmatized groups helps reduce stigma. This study used structural equations and data from 638 undergraduate students to test the relationships between students' total interpersonal contact with individuals who abuse substances and their attitudes toward those individuals...
December 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231054/polytobacco-use-and-the-customization-generation-new-perspectives-for-tobacco-control
#10
Kimberly Horn, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
In recent years, the United States observed a significant uptake in concurrent use of multiple tobacco products and alternative nicotine delivery devices among youth-a phenomenon identified as polytobacco use-making tobacco control efforts more complex for clinicians, policy makers, and scientists, alike.The present commentary stimulates new perspectives on tobacco control in the context of polytobacco use and a youth culture of customization. This culture-based value of today's youth may inform current patterns of tobacco use...
December 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231043/understanding-student-drinking-patterns-does-shame-proneness-matter
#11
Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Patrick Pössel, Alyssa Dietz
This study ( N = 202; mean age = 19.52 years, SD = 1.36 years; 66.5% female) analyzed three structural equation models to determine whether ruminative brooding and negative affect, moderated by shame proneness, explained college student drinking behaviors more than a model without shame proneness. Results indicated a model including shame proneness fit the data best; however, the moderated variables were not significantly associated with other variables in the retained model. Results are discussed alongside clinical recommendations within a university counseling center framework...
December 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231042/perceptions-of-harm-from-substance-use-and-social-self-efficacy-among-early-adolescents
#12
Keith J Zullig, Robert F Valois
Researchers examined the association between perceptions of harm from substance use and social self-efficacy (SSE) in a sample of early adolescents in public middle schools ( n = 4,122). One-way analysis of covariance and post hoc tests were used to assess the relationships between perceptions of harm from tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use and SSE while controlling for the effects of grade, sex, race, and socioeconomic status. Effect sizes were calculated from the post hoc comparisons to estimate practical importance...
December 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231039/alcohol-service-practices-a-survey-of-bar-and-restaurant-managers
#13
Dawn M Nederhoff, Kathleen M Lenk, Keith J Horvath, Toben F Nelson, Alexandra M Ecklund, Darin J Erickson, Traci L Toomey
Excessive alcohol consumption can result from illegal sales to intoxicated patrons at bars and restaurants. We surveyed bar/restaurant managers about their practices in reducing illegal sales to intoxicated patrons. We found that managers were confident that they could refuse service to intoxicated customers but were less likely to have communicated necessary information to their staff on how to refuse such sales. Managers who agreed that a business in their community would be cited for overservice were more likely to be confident that they could handle customers who had been cut off from alcohol service...
December 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282988/marijuana-views-on-its-medical-use-recorded-at-the-slovak-social-network
#14
Branislav Kolena, Ida Petrovičová, Tomáš Trnovec, Tomáš Pilka, Gabriela Bičanová
We describe opinions on medical use of Cannabis sativa L under conditions of Slovakia (n = 717). Personal experience with marijuana was detected in 77.42% (n = 553) in age categories younger than 20 years (n = 96) and in 77.06% (n = 457) of adults. Almost 86% of respondents (n = 618) agreed with legal use of marijuana for medical purposes. Furthermore, respondents' views on legal usage of marijuana for medical purposes could be affected by availability of information (r = .12) and personal experience (r = ...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177268/do-as-i-say-not-as-i-do
#15
Diane E Logan, Nadine R Mastroleo, Mark D Wood, Brian Borsari
Little is known about the drinking behaviors and perceptions of the peers facilitating campus alcohol interventions. The current study examined these trajectories in peer counselors ( N = 12) providing personalized normative feedback interventions to undergraduates mandated to clinical services. Peer counselors completed four monthly self-assessments. In spite of facilitating interventions to reduce drinking and associated harms, peer drinking behaviors and expectancies did not change, although significant between subjects effects suggest various trajectories...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075609/emotionally-up-and-down-behaviorally-to-and-fro-drinking-motives-mediate-the-synergistic-effects-of-urgency-and-emotional-instability-on-alcohol-outcomes
#16
Robert D Dvorak, Nicholas J Kuvaas, Dorian A Lamis, Matthew R Pearson, Brittany L Stevenson
Emotional and behavioral regulation has been linked to coping and enhancement motives and associated with different patterns of alcohol use and problems. The current studies examined emotional instability, urgency, and internal drinking motives as predictors of alcohol dependence symptoms as well as the likelihood and severity of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th editionAlcohol Use Disorder (AUD). In Study 1, college drinkers (n = 621) completed alcohol involvement and behavioral/emotional functioning assessments...
2015: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075608/predicting-binge-drinking-in-college-students-rational-beliefs-stress-or-loneliness
#17
Yixin Chen, Thomas Hugh Feeley
We proposed a conceptual model to predict binge-drinking behavior among college students, based on the theory of planned behavior and the stress-coping hypothesis. A two-wave online survey was conducted with predictors and drinking behavior measured separately over 2 weeks' time. In the Wave 1 survey, 279 students at a public university in the United States answered questions assessing key predictors and individual characteristics. In the Wave 2 survey, 179 participants returned and reported their drinking behavior over 2 weeks' time...
2015: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862133/what-are-youth-asking-about-drugs-a-report-of-nida-drug-facts-chat-day
#18
Cory M Morton, Heidi Hoefinger, Rebecca Linn-Walton, Ross Aikins, Gregory P Falkin
The current study analyzes a sample of questions about drugs asked online by youth who participated in the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) "Drug Facts Chat Day." The types of drugs youth asked about were coded into 17 substance categories, and the topics they raised were coded into seven thematic categories. The top five queried drugs were marijuana (16.4%), alcohol (8.5%), tobacco (6%), cocaine (5.7), and pharmaceutical drugs (4.5%). The effects of drug use, experience of being high, the addictiveness of drugs, pharmacology, and drug sales were among the more common types of questions to emerge but varied depending on the substance...
2015: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26499316/children-s-impact-on-adults-substance-use-problem-awareness-and-treatment-optimism-the-role-of-harm
#19
Jocelyn R Droege, Edward B Stevens, Leonard A Jason
Substance abuse is associated with a host of harmful consequences to the substance user as well as other individuals and society as a whole. Although harm is an integral component of substance abuse, there is a dearth of research that investigates the relationship between harm and substance use problems. The goal of this study was to explore recovering substance users' retrospective perceptions of harm caused to self and others during periods of substance abuse and the resulting association with the development of problem awareness and treatment perspectives...
2015: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464462/discrepant-patterns-of-heavy-drinking-marijuana-use-and-smoking-and-intimate-partner-violence-results-from-the-california-community-health-study-of-couples
#20
Carol B Cunradi, Michael Todd, Christina Mair
This study analyzed whether discrepant (husband or wife use only) or concordant (both partners use) patterns of heavy drinking, marijuana use, and smoking are associated with increased risk for male-to-female partner violence and female-to-male partner violence among adult couples. Based on a geographic sample of married or cohabiting couples residing in 50 California cities, logistic regression analyses were conducted using dyadic data on past-year partner violence, binge drinking and frequency of intoxication, marijuana use, and smoking...
2015: Journal of Drug Education
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