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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164351/latent-class-symptom-profiles-of-selective-mutism-identification-and-linkage-to-temperamental-and-social-constructs
#1
Rachele Diliberto, Christopher A Kearney
Selective mutism (SM) is a stable, debilitating psychiatric disorder in which a child fails to speak in most public situations. Considerable debate exists as to the typology of this population, with empirically-based studies pointing to possible dimensions of anxiety, oppositionality, and communication problems, among other aspects. Little work has juxtaposed identified symptom profiles with key temperamental and social constructs often implicated in SM. The present study examined a large, diverse, non-clinical, international sample of children aged 6-10 years with SM to empirically identify symptom profiles and to link these profiles to key aspects of temperament (i...
November 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164350/predictors-of-partial-hospital-readmission-for-young-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#2
John R Boekamp, Richard T Liu, Sarah E Martin, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Anthony Spirito
This study aimed to: (1) examine rates of readmission among young children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) following discharge from a psychiatric partial hospital treatment program, and (2) examine child factors (i.e., age, sex, co-occurring diagnoses, suicidality) and family factors (i.e., parental depression, stress) as prospective predictors of readmission. Participants were 261 children (ages 3-7 years) who entered the study at the time of their initial program admission and who met DSM-IV criteria for ODD...
November 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147839/screening-accuracy-of-the-brief-infant-toddler-social-emotional-assessment-to-identify-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-toddlers-born-at-less-than-30%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#3
Kelly M Boone, Anne K Brown, Sarah A Keim
Despite the higher prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children born preterm, valid screening tools for use in preterm populations are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the screening accuracy of the Brief Infant Toddler Social-Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) and to compare it to the Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test-II, Stage 2, Developmental Clinic Screener (PDDST-II-DCS) in identifying ASD diagnosis in toddlers born at < 30 weeks' gestation. Caregivers (94% mothers) of 555 children completed questionnaires (BITSEA, PDDST-II-DCS, socio-demographics) when the children (58% male) were 18-36 months...
November 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147838/the-reactive-proactive-aggression-questionnaire-measurement-invariance-and-reliability-among-a-school-sample-of-portuguese-youths
#4
Pedro Pechorro, Lara Ayala-Nunes, Rachel Kahn, Cristina Nunes
Aggression is an important risk factor for various forms of problem behaviors in adolescence, and research has often distinguished between reactive and proactive forms of aggression. The aim of the present study was to compare the psychometric properties (i.e., structural invariance, internal consistency, and criterion validity) of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ) between males and females among a mixed-gender school sample of 782 Portuguese youth (M = 15.87 years, SD = 1.72). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that a two-factor first-order structure obtained the best fit and cross-gender measurement invariance was demonstrated after excluding item 21...
November 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143890/paternal-anxiety-in-relation-to-toddler-anxiety-the-mediating-role-of-maternal-behavior
#5
Robert C Gibler, Anne E Kalomiris, Elizabeth J Kiel
Despite robust investigations examining the impact of maternal anxiety and parenting behaviors and child anxiety risk, less is understood about the impact of paternal anxiety and parenting behaviors on child anxiety risk, particularly within the broader family context. An Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was used to examine whether paternal anxiety longitudinally predicted child anxiety risk indirectly through maternal and paternal parenting behaviors, while controlling for maternal anxiety. Both fathers and mothers of 12- to 30-month-olds (n = 94) provided self-report of their anxiety and parenting behaviors...
November 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134545/violence-exposure-and-psychopathology-in-latino-youth-the-moderating-role-of-active-and-avoidant-coping
#6
Omar G Gudiño, Allison A Stiles, Kathleen I Diaz
Despite high rates of exposure to community violence among Latino youth in urban communities, there is considerable variability in individual outcomes. This study examined (a) associations between coping and indices of Latino culture, (b) main effects of active/avoidant coping on psychopathology, and (c) whether coping moderates the impact of violence exposure on mental health in Latino youth. Participants included 168 Latino youth (56% female; ages 11-14) that took part in a short-term longitudinal study. Results indicate that youth acculturation was positively associated with active coping, but enculturation level and immigrant status were not associated with coping...
November 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119362/intergenerational-stability-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#7
Antonio Mendoza Diaz, Sandy Overgaauw, David J Hawes, Mark R Dadds
This study investigated the stability of callous and unemotional (CU) traits across generations by assessing self-report assessments of psychopathy factors in parents and their relationship to children's CU traits in a clinical sample: 223 boys (M age = 7.65) and 83 girls (M = 7.35) referred for treatment of disruptive behavior disorders. First, we expanded previous findings showing a positive relationship between maternal psychopathy scores and CU traits in boys. Second, we tested whether parental psychopathy scores predicted CU traits in children over and above general indicators of mental health risk: parental psychopathology, parental warmth, and harsh parenting...
November 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052121/co-occurring-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-young-children
#8
Alison Salloum, Carly Johnco, Kristin M Smyth, Tanya K Murphy, Eric A Storch
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in: (1) mental health emotional and behavioral problems between young children experiencing PTSD with and without MDD; (2) the incidence of caregiver PTSD and MDD between children with PTSD ± MDD; and (3) the number of traumatic events and interpersonal versus non-interpersonal nature of trauma events among children whose parents sought child trauma-focused treatment. Sixty-six caregivers of children aged 3-7 with PTSD completed semi-structured interviews regarding caregiver and child diagnoses, and caregivers completed self-report measures regarding child symptomatology...
October 19, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030735/suicide-attempts-among-adolescents-with-self-reported-disabilities
#9
Tally Moses
This study examines the relative risk for suicide attempts (SA) among high-school students self-identifying with one or more disability classifications (nine); assesses the extent to which youth with disabilities are disproportionately vulnerable to risk factors that predict suicidal behavior among all adolescents; and explores whether disability status adds to risk for SA after accounting for a comprehensive set of known risk and protective factors for SA. Analyses using Wisconsin's 2012 Dane County Youth Assessment Survey data found that youth in each disability category were 3-9 times more likely to report suicide attempt(s) relative to peers, and the endorsement of multiple disabilities tripled the risk SA relative to youth reporting a single disability...
October 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027060/the-mental-health-of-adolescents-residing-in-court-ordered-foster-care-findings-from-a-population-survey
#10
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
The mental health of a representative sample of 230 adolescents residing in foster care in New South Wales, Australia, was estimated in a state-wide epidemiological survey from carer-report responses on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Assessment Checklist for Adolescents (ACA). Rates of CBCL total problems, externalizing and internalizing scores above the borderline range cut-points were 49, 44 and 29% respectively, representing a relative risk of 3.8, 3.7 and 2.7 respectively in comparison to Australian children at large...
October 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988322/multimodal-residential-treatment-for-adolescent-anxiety-outcome-and-associations-with-pre-treatment-variables
#11
Sophie C Schneider, Valérie La Buissonnière-Ariza, Davíð R M A Højgaard, Brian S Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Stephanie C Eken, Peter Lake, Joshua M Nadeau, Eric A Storch
This study aimed to determine the effect of a multimodal residential treatment program for severe adolescent anxiety, and examine whether treatment outcome was associated with pre-treatment anxiety, comorbid disorders, or participant age or gender. Participants were 70 adolescents (61.4% female, mean age = 15.4 years) with a primary anxiety disorder who received residential treatment involving cognitive behavioral therapy and medication management. Treatment outcome was assessed both as the change in adolescent-reported anxiety symptoms, and using treatment response criteria...
October 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965263/ethnicity-s-role-in-the-relationship-between-anxiety-and-negative-interpretation-bias-among-clinically-anxious-youth-a-pilot-study
#12
Jamie Alexa Sherman, Jill Ehrenreich-May
Negative interpretation bias, a correlate of anxiety, is defined as an individual's tendency to interpret ambiguous events as negative or threatening. The current study examined associations between interpretation bias and anxiety symptoms in clinically anxious youth and potential moderators of these relationships. Thirty anxious youth and their parents participated in a clinical interview and reported on child anxiety symptoms. Youth completed implicit, explicit-personally irrelevant, and explicit-personally relevant interpretation bias measures...
September 30, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952046/moderators-of-the-relations-between-mothers-and-fathers-parenting-practices-and-children-s-prosocial-behavior
#13
Michelle Gryczkowski, Sara Sytsma Jordan, Sterett H Mercer
Using multilevel modeling, we separately examined the relations between mothers' and fathers' parenting practices and children's prosocial behavior, as well as the moderating roles of child sex, age, and ethnicity. Participants included a diverse community sample of 129 cohabiting couples with a child aged 6-17. Results indicated that paternal positivity and corporal punishment were significantly related to girls', but not boys', prosocial behavior, and paternal involvement was related to prosocial behavior in school-aged children but not adolescents...
September 26, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936803/independent-contributions-of-early-positive-parenting-and-mother-son-coercion-on-emerging-social-development
#14
Berna Akcinar, Daniel S Shaw
In the current study, we explored associations between parent-child coercion and positive parenting in the toddler period in relation to children's social-behavioral development during the school-age period. The data were drawn from the Pitt Mother & Child Project, a sample of 310 low-income, ethnically diverse boys. Drawing on tenets of both attachment and social learning theory, it was hypothesized that coercive mother-son interaction would lead to reductions in positive maternal parenting in the toddler period, and that both positive parenting and mother-son coercion in the toddler period would contribute to children's conduct problems at school entry and lower social skills and peer rejection in middle childhood...
September 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936602/improving-maternal-representations-in-high-risk-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-mom-power-parenting-intervention
#15
Katherine Rosenblum, Jamie Lawler, Emily Alfafara, Nicole Miller, Melisa Schuster, Maria Muzik
A key mechanism of risk transmission between maternal risk and child outcomes are the mother's representations. The current study examined the effects of an attachment-based, trauma-informed parenting intervention, the Mom Power (MP) program, in optimizing maternal representations of high-risk mothers utilizing a randomized, controlled trial design (NCT01554215). High-risk mothers were recruited from low-income community locations and randomized to either the MP Intervention (n = 42) or a control condition (n = 33) in a parallel design...
September 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884435/aggression-by-children-exposed-to-ipv-exploring-the-role-of-child-depressive-symptoms-trauma-related-symptoms-warmth-in-family-relationships
#16
Caroline C Piotrowski, Margherita Cameranesi
Multi-informant reports of aggression by siblings in families with and without a history of IPV were compared. Associations between aggressive behavior and child depressive and trauma-related symptoms, as well as maternal and sibling warmth were also explored. Mothers, observers and the siblings themselves reported on aggressive behaviour. Mothers reported on child trauma-related symptoms while children provided self-report on depressive symptoms and mother-child and sibling warmth. The frequency of observed aggression did not differ across groups on average, although more sibling dyads exposed to IPV engaged in aggression than those not exposed...
September 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849331/self-regulation-cognitive-capacity-and-risk-taking-investigating-heterogeneity-among-adolescents-with-callous-unemotional-traits
#17
Maria-Zoe Hadjicharalambous, Kostas A Fanti
The majority of prior work focuses on understanding the association between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and conduct problems, providing limited information on why some youth who score high on CU traits do not engage in conduct problem behaviors. The current study investigated heterogeneity among a sub-sample of adolescents with CU traits (N = 152; Mage = 13.09, SD = 2.76, 45.6% female) identified from a large community sample. Three groups were compared: control, callous-unemotional traits only (CU-only), and combined callous-unemotional and conduct problems (CU + CP)...
August 28, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421318/mental-health-care-use-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#18
A Plass-Christl, F Klasen, C Otto, C Barkmann, H Hölling, Toni Klein, S Wiegand-Grefe, M Schulte-Markwort, U Ravens-Sieberer
Whether parental mental health problems facilitate or hinder the use of mental health care of the parents´ children is still unclear. The present cross sectional study examined mental health care use and potential predictors in a population based sample. Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) were nearly 5 times more likely to use mental health care compared to children of parents without mental health problems. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the most important predictors of mental health care use for CPM were active family life (OR = 2...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389842/a-multi-informant-examination-of-maternal-symptoms-and-autonomy-granting-in-youth-anxiety
#19
Chiaying Wei, Anna J Swan, Heather B Makover, Philip C Kendall
Evidence suggests the important role of (a) parenting behaviors and (b) parental psychopathology in the development and maintenance of youth anxiety. Using a multi-informant approach, the current study examined the association of maternal autonomy granting and maternal symptoms (i.e., anxiety and depression) with youth anxiety among mothers and 88 youth (ages of 6-17) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder. Results from the generalized estimating equations (GEE) analyses indicated that mothers reported higher youth anxiety symptoms compared to youth self-reports...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315981/the-development-of-severe-and-chronic-violence-among-youth-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-and-reward-processing
#20
Dennis E Reidy, Elizabeth Krusemark, David S Kosson, Megan C Kearns, Joanne Smith-Darden, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathic traits are a manifestation of a personality pathology that comprises a core affective-interpersonal dysfunction (callous-unemotional traits) and an impulsive-antisocial behavioral component. Of particular importance, psychopathic traits are associated with the perpetration of some of the most severe acts of violence, and they appear to indicate a subset of youth at risk for earlier onset, greater frequency, and persistence of violent offending. Although these youth represent a minority of the population, they commit a significant proportion of the violence in the general community...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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