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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710592/shame-on-me-self-conscious-emotions-and-big-five-personality-traits-and-their-relations-to-anxiety-disorders-symptoms-in-young-non-clinical-adolescents
#1
Peter Muris, Cor Meesters, Mike van Asseldonk
This study explored the relations between self-conscious emotions, personality traits, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical youths. One-hundred-and-eighteen adolescents aged 12-15 years completed the brief shame and guilt questionnaire for children (BSGQ-C) and items of the youth self-report (YSR) to measure shame and guilt, the big five personality questionnaire for children, and the youth anxiety measure for DSM-5. Results for shame indicated that this self-conscious emotion-either measured by the BSGQ-C or the YSR-was uniquely and positively associated with a broad range of anxiety disorders symptoms, and correlated positively with neuroticism and negatively with extraversion...
July 14, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699101/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-parent-group-interventions-for-primary-school-children-aged-4-12-years-with-externalizing-and-or-internalizing-problems
#2
Sarah Buchanan-Pascall, Kylie M Gray, Michael Gordon, Glenn A Melvin
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of parent training group interventions to treat child externalizing and/or internalizing problems. A search identified 21 randomized controlled trials of parent group interventions aimed at ameliorating child externalizing and/or internalizing problems in children aged 4-12 years. Random effects meta-analyses yielded significant pooled treatment effect size (g) estimates for child externalizing (g = -0.38) and internalizing problems (g = -0...
July 11, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681106/proactive-and-reactive-aggression-subgroups-in-typically-developing-children-the-role-of-executive-functioning-psychophysiology-and-psychopathy
#3
Nicholas D Thomson, Luna C M Centifanti
This study aimed to assess whether groups of aggressive children differed on psychopathic traits, and neuropsychological and neurobiological measures of prefrontal functioning consistent with the objectives of their aggression-reactive or proactive. Including 110 typically developing children (9-11 years), a latent class analysis identified a low aggression group, a high reactive aggression group, and a mixed (high reactive and proactive) aggression group. Results show high callous-unemotional traits and low resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia increased the likelihood of children being in the mixed aggression group, when compared to the reactive and low aggression groups...
July 5, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660407/examining-the-relationship-between-parent-and-child-psychopathology-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#4
Alyson K Zalta, Eric Bui, Niranjan S Karnik, Philip Held, Lauren M Laifer, Julia C Sager, Denise Zou, Paula K Rauch, Naomi M Simon, Mark H Pollack, Bonnie Ohye
This study aimed to examine: (1) the relationship between parental psychopathology and child psychopathology in military families and (2) parenting sense of competence as a mediator of the relationship between veteran psychopathology and child psychopathology. As part of their standard clinical evaluations, 215 treatment-seeking veterans who reported having a child between the ages of 4 and 17 were assessed for psychopathology (posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and stress), their sense of competence as a parent, and their child's psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing, and attentional symptoms)...
June 28, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646328/parent-perceptions-of-medication-treatment-for-preschool-children-with-adhd
#5
Katie C Hart, Rosmary Ros, Victoria Gonzalez, Paulo A Graziano
This study sought to examine parent perceptions of medication use for 151 preschool children (M age  = 5.05 years, 78% male, 82% Hispanic/Latino) with or at-risk for ADHD who were medication naive. Parents completed questionnaires regarding family background and perceptions of medication treatment. Parents and teachers completed ratings of child diagnostic symptomatology, behavioral functioning, and functional impairment. Results indicate that only 45% of parents were open to the possibility of medication...
June 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646327/an-adapted-measure-of-sibling-attachment-factor-structure-and-internal-consistency-of-the-sibling-attachment-inventory-in-youth
#6
Valerie A Noel, Sarah E Francis, Micah A Tilley
Parent-youth and peer relationship inventories based on attachment theory measure communication, trust, and alienation, yet sibling relationships have been overlooked. We developed the Sibling Attachment Inventory and evaluated its psychometric properties in a sample of 172 youth ages 10-14 years. We adapted the 25-item Sibling Attachment Inventory from the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment-Revised peer measure. Items loaded onto three factors, identified as communication, trust, and alienation, α = 0...
June 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634776/evidence-supporting-the-internal-validity-of-the-proposed-nd-pae-disorder
#7
Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles
The internal validity of the proposed Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) was evaluated in children diagnosed with either Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) or partial FAS who were 3-10 years of age and had enrolled in a math intervention study. Symptoms were coded as present or absent using assessments conducted in the study, including standardized measures of neurocognitive and behavioral functioning, parent interview, and direct observations of the child. The number of endorsed ND-PAE symptoms was not related to environmental factors but was moderately related to the child's age...
June 20, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616690/anxiety-sensitivity-moderates-the-relation-between-family-accommodation-and-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-clinically-anxious-children
#8
Jessica L Schleider, Eli R Lebowitz, Wendy K Silverman
High levels of family accommodation (FA), or parental involvement in child symptoms, are associated with child anxiety symptom severity. The strength of associations has varied across studies, however, highlighting the need to identify moderating variables. We investigated whether anxiety sensitivity (AS) moderated the FA-anxiety symptom severity association in clinically anxious children (N = 103, ages 6-17; mean age 11.07 years). We collected child and mother ratings of FA, child anxiety symptom severity, and child AS ratings...
June 14, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608020/feminine-discrepancy-stress-and-psychosocial-maladjustment-among-adolescent-girls
#9
Dennis E Reidy, Poco D Kernsmith, Carolyn A Malone, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joanne P Smith-Darden
Discrepancy stress, stress about being perceived to not conform to one's gender role (i.e., gender role discrepancy), has demonstrated effects on risky sexual and violent behaviors. However, evidence of these effects has been limited to men and boys, neglecting the impact gender role discrepancy and discrepancy stress may have on girls. In addition, no study to date, has assessed the mental health correlates of gender role discrepancy and discrepancy stress. In the current study, we sought to elucidate the relationship between perceived feminine discrepancy and feminine discrepancy stress and psychosocial maladjustment while controlling for trauma symptoms stemming from the potential repercussions of feminine discrepancy...
June 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536961/emotional-clarity-anxiety-sensitivity-and-ptsd-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents
#10
Andres G Viana, Abigail E Hanna, Emma C Woodward, Elizabeth M Raines, Daniel J Paulus, Erin C Berenz, Michael J Zvolensky
Although several investigations-on primarily adult samples-demonstrate a potential role of emotion dysregulation in the etiology and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), investigations into the mechanisms that may underlie these associations in general and among adolescents in particular are lacking. The present study examined associations among emotional clarity (i.e., the extent to which individuals are confused about the specific emotions they are experiencing), (Gratz, Journal of Psychopathology Behavioral Assessment 26(1):41-54, 2004) anxiety sensitivity, and DSM-IV PTSD symptom cluster severity (i...
May 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523378/examining-practitioner-competencies-organizational-support-and-barriers-to-engaging-fathers-in-parenting-interventions
#11
L A Tully, D A J Collins, P J Piotrowska, K S Mairet, D J Hawes, C Moul, R K Lenroot, P J Frick, V A Anderson, E R Kimonis, M R Dadds
Evidence-based parenting interventions have been developed and evaluated largely with mothers. This study examined practitioner reports of rates of father attendance, barriers to engagement, organizational support for father-inclusive practice, participation in training in father engagement, and competencies in working with fathers. It also explored predictors of practitioner competence and rates of father attendance. Practitioners (N = 210) who delivered parenting interventions completed an online survey...
May 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516386/intergenerational-transmission-of-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-parental-negative-perceptions-and-behaviors
#12
Yiji Wang
This study examined parental proximal processes involving in the intergenerational transmission of depressive symptoms from parents to their children. Extant literature has predominantly focused on maternal depressive symptoms. Yet, the mechanisms that may underlie the transmission of paternal depressive symptoms is less often studied. Participants were Chinese parents of first-graders (N = 2282). Results of structural equation modeling suggested that maternal and paternal depressive symptoms may be transmitted to their children through differential processes...
May 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510006/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-treatment-seeking-youth
#13
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Ester Di Giacomo, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
A new severity specifier for bulimia nervosa (BN), based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviours (e.g., laxative misuse, self-induced vomiting, fasting, diuretic misuse, and excessive exercise), has been added to the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing variability and heterogeneity in the severity of the disorder. While existing research provides support for the DSM-5 severity specifier for BN in adult patients, evidence for its validity and clinical utility in youth is currently lacking...
May 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501936/maternal-sensitivity-predicts-fewer-sleep-problems-at-early-adolescence-for-toddlers-with-negative-emotionality-a-case-of-differential-susceptibility
#14
Anne Conway, Anahid Modrek, Prakash Gorroochurn
Theory underscores the importance of parenting in sleep development, but few studies have examined whether links vary by temperament. To address this gap, we tested whether potential links between early maternal sensitivity and early adolescent sleep problems varied by child negative emotionality and delay of gratification. Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 820), we found that high maternal sensitivity predicted fewer bedtime problems and longer sleep duration at 6th grade for toddlers with high negative emotionality, whereas low maternal sensitivity predicted the reverse...
May 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500435/examining-the-mechanisms-of-therapeutic-change-in-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-anxious-children-the-role-of-interpretation-bias-perceived-control-and-coping-strategies
#15
Ana Isabel Pereira, Peter Muris, Magda Sofia Roberto, Teresa Marques, Rita Goes, Luísa Barros
This study examined the role of theoretically meaningful mediators of therapeutic change-interpretation bias, perceived control, and coping strategies-in a cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxious youth. This is one of the few studies that examined the change in potential mediator and outcome variables by means of a longitudinal design that included four assessment points: pretreatment, in-treatment, post-treatment, and at 4-months follow-up. Forty-seven 8- to 12-year-old children with a principal DSM-IV diagnosis of anxiety disorder participated in the study...
May 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500434/comparing-the-multicomponent-coping-power-program-to-individualized-parent-child-treatment-for-improving-the-parenting-efficacy-and-satisfaction-of-parents-of-children-with-conduct-problems
#16
Jaclyn A Ludmer, Marcos Sanches, Lee Propp, Brendan F Andrade
This study compared the multicomponent Coping Power (group) program to individualized parent-child treatment with respect to changing the parenting efficacy and satisfaction of parents of children with conduct problems. One hundred fourteen parents of 9-12-year-old children with conduct problems were randomized to Coping Power or individualized treatment at an urban children's mental health clinic. Parents reported their pre- and post-treatment parenting efficacy and parenting satisfaction (Parent Sense of Competence Scale)...
May 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488144/does-parenting-influence-the-enduring-impact-of-severe-childhood-sexual-abuse-on-psychiatric-resilience-in-adulthood
#17
Mackenzie J Lind, Ruth C Brown, Christina M Sheerin, Timothy P York, John M Myers, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
This study examined the effect of parenting on the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and psychiatric resilience in adulthood in a large female twin sample (n = 1423) assessed for severe CSA (i.e., attempted or completed intercourse before age 16). Severe CSA was associated with lower resilience to recent stressors in adulthood (defined as the difference between their internalizing symptoms and their predicted level of symptoms based on cumulative exposure to stressful life events). Subscales of the Parental Bonding Instrument were significantly associated with resilience...
May 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796624/violence-trauma-mental-health-and-substance-use-among-homeless-youth-juggalos
#18
Robin Petering, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, David Dent, Eric Rice
Insane Clown Posse is a musical duo whose fans are known as Juggalos. Many homeless youths (HY) identify as Juggalos, most likely because the group's music embraces poverty and being an outsider in mainstream society. Juggalos are stereotyped as being violent, undereducated, poor, racist, crime-committing youth, and in 2011 the FBI officially labeled Juggalos as a gang. However, little is known about the intersection of HY and Juggalos. A convenience sample of Los Angeles-area, drop-in service-seeking HY completed a self-administered questionnaire (N = 495)...
August 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770232/the-parenting-anxious-kids-ratings-scale-parent-report-pakrs-pr-initial-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties
#19
Christopher A Flessner, Yolanda E Murphy, Elle Brennan, Alexandra D'Auria
Developmental models of pediatric anxiety posit multiple, maladaptive parenting behaviors as potential risk factors. Despite this, a standardized means of assessing multiple of these practices (i.e., anxiogenic parenting) in a comprehensive and efficient manner are lacking. In Study 1531 parents of children 7-17 years old completed an online survey via Amazon Mechanical Turk. In Study 2, a separate community sample (N = 109; 9-17 years old) was recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment battery as part of a larger study...
August 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734260/callous-unemotional-traits-moderate-the-relation-between-prenatal-testosterone-2d-4d-and-externalising-behaviours-in-children
#20
Alyson Blanchard, Luna C Munoz Centifanti
Children who exhibit callous-unemotional (CU) traits are identified as developing particularly severe forms of externalising behaviours (EB). A number of risk factors have been identified in the development of CU traits, including biological, physiological, and genetic factors. However, prenatal testosterone (PT) remains un-investigated, yet could signal fetal programming of a combination of CU/EB. Using the 2D:4D digit ratio, the current study examined whether CU traits moderated the relationship between PT and EB...
August 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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