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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406900/cognitive-behavior-therapy-and-metacognitive-therapy-moderators-of-treatment-outcomes-for-children-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#1
Monika Walczak, Sonja Breinholst, Thomas Ollendick, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn
Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for childhood anxiety disorders, approximately 40% of youth remain anxious after treatment. Metacognitive therapy (MCT-c) for children with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has shown promising effects. The present study aimed to examine if CBT and MCT-c show differential effects in children with primary GAD based on baseline characteristics, in a quasi-experimental design. To investigate which treatment is most beneficial for whom, three potential moderators: age, symptom severity, and comorbid social anxiety were examined...
November 8, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368619/prevalence-and-predictors-of-behavioral-problems-in-healthy-swiss-preschool-children-over-a-one-year-period
#2
Kerstin Stülb, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Amar Arhab, Annina E Zysset, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder, Simone Munsch
Behavioral problems impair children's health but prevalence rates are scarce and persistence rates vary due to divergence in age ranges, assessment methods and varying environmental factors. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence rates of behavioral problems, their persistence over a 1-year period, and the impact of child- and parent-related factors on behavioral problems. 555 2-6-year-old healthy preschool children were assessed at baseline and 382 of the initial sample at 1-year follow-up. Assessment included questionnaires concerning behavioral problems and their potential predictors (e...
October 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368618/dimensionality-of-early-adversity-and-associated-behavioral-and-emotional-symptoms-data-from-a-sample-of-japanese-institutionalized-children-and-adolescents
#3
Yuning Zhang, Charlotte C A M Cecil, Edward D Barker, Shigeyuki Mori, Jennifer Y F Lau
Recent approaches have begun to identify common variance across co-occurring childhood adversities (CAs) and their associations with symptoms of psychopathology. However, few studies have investigated these questions in high-risk samples, and in different cultural contexts. This study examined common variance amongst 18 types of CAs and associated symptomatology in 457 children and adolescents living in 24 residential homes in Japan. Principal component analysis identified four significant components that explained 35...
October 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357540/latent-profiles-of-perceived-parental-psychopathology-associations-with-emerging-adult-psychological-problems
#4
Cliff McKinney, Annabel O Franz
The understanding of the complex relations between parent and child psychopathology would be enhanced if common patterns of parental problem types or particular parent dyads were identified. The current study used latent profile analysis to allow for a person-centered approach to the examination of which parental psychopathology subgroups based on their perceived depressive, anxiety, and antisocial problems are both most common and most strongly associated with emerging adult psychopathology. Participants included 2204 emerging adults enrolled in a Southern United States university who reported on their perceptions of their parents' and their own current psychological problems...
October 24, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311039/mental-physical-multimorbidity-in-youth-associations-with-individual-family-and-health-service-use-outcomes
#5
M A Ferro, E L Lipman, R J Van Lieshout, M H Boyle, J W Gorter, H L MacMillan, A Gonzalez, K Georgiades
Prevalence, correlates, and outcomes of youth with comorbid mental and physical conditions (i.e., multimorbidity) were examined in this cross-sectional study. Participants were 92 youth (14.5 years [SD 2.7]; 69.6% female) and their parents. Mental disorder was assessed using structured interviews and physical health using a standardized questionnaire. Twenty-five percent of youth had multimorbidity and no child or parent demographic or health characteristics were correlated with multimorbidity. Youth with multimorbidity reported similar quality of life and better family functioning [B = - 4...
October 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302577/enhancing-outcomes-of-low-intensity-parenting-groups-through-sufficient-exemplar-training-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Melanie L Palmer, Louise J Keown, Matthew R Sanders, Marion Henderson
Low-intensity parenting groups, such as the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program Discussion Groups, appear to be a cost-effective intervention for child conduct problems. Several studies evaluating a Triple P Discussion Group on disobedience found promising results for improving child and parent outcomes. However, a sufficient exemplar training approach that incorporates generalization promotion strategies may assist parents to more flexibly apply positive parenting principles to a broader range of child target behaviors and settings, leading to greater change...
October 9, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302576/the-prevalence-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-depressive-symptoms-and-related-predictors-in-children-and-adolescents-3-years-after-the-ya-an-earthquake
#7
Yuchang Jin, Huaqiang Deng, Junxiu An, Jiuping Xu
The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and depressive symptoms in teenage survivors three years after the Ya'an earthquake to assess the differences between left-behind (LBC) and non-left-behind (non-LBC) children, and to explore predictors for PTSD symptoms and depressive symptoms. The participants were assessed using children's revised impact of event scale (CRIES) and short mood and feelings questionnaire (SMFQ), after which t tests, Chi square tests, and a multivariate logistic regression were conducted to examine the differences in the LBC and identify the associated predictors...
October 9, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298474/why-is-this-happening-a-brief-measure-of-parental-attributions-assessing-parents-intentionality-permanence-and-dispositional-attributions-of-their-child-with-conduct-problems
#8
Vilas Sawrikar, Antonio Mendoza Diaz, Caroline Moul, David J Hawes, Mark R Dadds
We present and evaluate a new self-report measure of parental attributions developed for assessing child causal and dispositional attributions in parenting interventions. The Parent Attribution Measure (PAM) ascribes attributions along first-order dimensions of intentionality, permanence, likeability, and disposition, and a higher-order Total Scale. The psychometric analyses involved participants drawn from populations of clinical (n = 318) and community-based families (n = 214) who completed questionnaires assessing parental attributions, parenting behaviours, parental depression, parental feelings about the child, and child behavioural problems...
October 8, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264230/measurement-based-care-in-child-welfare-involved-children-and-youth-reliability-and-validity-of-the-psc-17
#9
Jedediah H Jacobson, Michael D Pullmann, Elizabeth M Parker, Suzanne E U Kerns
This study evaluates whether the psychometric properties of the Pediatric Symptoms Checklist-17 (PSC-17), a common behavioral health measure typically used as a dichotomous screening tool for mental health needs, support its use as a continuous measure for tracking behavioral health over time. A total of 6492 foster parents of children and youth aged 5.5-17 completed the PSC-17. Convergent and discriminant validity was assessed by comparing raw PSC-17 subscale scores with associated outcomes (e.g. psychiatric diagnoses)...
September 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259212/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-of-temperament-and-mental-disorders-in-youth
#10
Mauricio Scopel Hoffmann, Pedro Mario Pan, Gisele Gus Manfro, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni Abrahão Salum
Here we evaluate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between temperament and mental disorders in adolescents. Temperament was assessed in a cohort of 1540 youths by the revised self-report Early Adolescence Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) at baseline and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the best empirical model. Mental disorders were assessed by parental interview using the Development and Well-Being Behavior Assessment at baseline and at 3-year follow-up. Participants were grouped into Typically Developing Comparisons, Phobias, Distress, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBD)...
September 26, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206747/cognitive-predictors-of-parental-rescue-behavior-and-malleability-of-behavior-using-a-brief-psychoeducation-intervention
#11
Sara M S Francis, Erin B Tone, Nicole E Caporino, Erin C Tully, Lindsey L Cohen
Cognitive factors, such as beliefs that anxiety is harmful, may lead parents to engage excessively in over-controlling parenting practices, such as "rescuing" children from distress. The present study examined whether parental rescue behavior, or the speed at which parents intervened to rescue an increasingly distressed child during an audio paradigm, was associated with beliefs about child anxiety. We also evaluated the impact of psychoeducation on rescue behavior during the audio paradigm. A nonclinical sample of 310 parents was recruited from an online crowdsourcing platform...
September 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171390/understanding-the-victimization-aggression-link-in-childhood-the-roles-of-sympathy-and-resting-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia
#12
Tyler Colasante, Joanna Peplak, Stefania Sette, Tina Malti
With a sample of 4- and 8-year-olds (N = 131), we tested the extent to which more frequent experiences of victimization were associated with heightened aggression towards others, and how sympathetic concern and resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) factored into this relationship. Caregivers reported their children's aggression and sympathy. Children reported their victimization and their resting RSA was calculated from electrocardiogram data in response to a nondescript video. Findings revealed that children who reported more frequent victimization were rated as less sympathetic and, in turn, more aggressive...
August 31, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168001/should-we-subtype-adhd-according-to-the-context-in-which-symptoms-occur-criterion-validity-of-recognising-context-based-adhd-presentations
#13
Aja Louise Murray, Denis Ribeaud, Manuel Eisner, George Murray, Karen McKenzie
ADHD symptoms show considerable individual variation in the contexts in which they are expressed. It has previously been proposed that subtyping individuals according to the contexts in which symptoms are expressed may be clinically useful. We examined context-based patterns of ADHD symptoms in a longitudinal cohort study of n = 1388 children, as well as context-specific and context-general predictors of symptoms. Participants were community-ascertained and provided ADHD symptom data at ages 7, 9, and 11...
August 30, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132095/impact-of-maternal-early-life-maltreatment-and-maternal-history-of-depression-on-child-psychopathology-mediating-role-of-maternal-sensitivity
#14
Katja Bödeker, Anna Fuchs, Daniel Führer, Dorothea Kluczniok, Katja Dittrich, Corinna Reichl, Corinna Reck, Michael Kaess, Catherine Hindi Attar, Eva Möhler, Corinne Neukel, Anna-Lena Bierbaum, Anna-Lena Zietlow, Charlotte Jaite, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Sibylle Maria Winter, Sabine Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Felix Bermpohl, Franz Resch
The study addresses the impact of maternal early life maltreatment (ELM) and maternal history of depression (HoD) on offspring's mental health. Maternal sensitivity was examined as a potential mediator explaining the relationship between maternal ELM, maternal HoD and child psychopathology. Participants were 194 mothers with and without HoD and/or ELM as well as their children between 5 and 12 years. Maternal sensitivity was assessed using the Emotional Availability Scales. Parent and teacher ratings were utilized to assess child psychopathology...
August 21, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869765/factors-associated-with-parent-child-discrepancies-in-reports-of-mental-health-disorders-in-young-children
#15
Emma Bajeux, David H Klemanski, Mathilde Husky, Emmanuelle Leray, Christine Chan Chee, Taraneh Shojaei, Christophe Fermanian, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
The study compares parent and child reports of child mental health to determine the relationship between parent-child disagreement and parental psychological and attitudinal factors, and to determine how parent-child disagreement is associated with the use of specialized services. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1268 children aged 6-11 years using the Dominic Interactive and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Psychological distress and negative parental attitudes were associated with greater reporting of mental health problems, leading to greater parent-child agreement on symptom presence, and to parental over-reporting of symptoms...
December 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797231/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-revised-scoring-approach-for-the-children-s-saving-inventory-in-a-canadian-sample-of-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#16
Noam Soreni, Duncan Cameron, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Eric Duku, Karen Rowa, Richard Swinson, Carrie Bullard, Randi McCabe
The Children's Saving Inventory (CSI) was introduced in 2011 and is the first parent-rated questionnaire specifically designed to measure the severity of hoarding symptoms in youth. To date, however, no replication studies of the CSI have been published. Additionally, the total CSI score includes several items measuring acquisition, a behavioural dimension that has since been excluded from DSM-5's hoarding disorder criteria. Given these limitations, the primary goal of the present study was to test a modified, DSM-5-consistent, total score of the CSI...
December 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730770/mothers-and-fathers-worry-and-over-control-one-step-closer-to-understanding-early-adolescent-social-anxiety
#17
Nejra Van Zalk, Maria Tillfors, Kari Trost
This study investigated the links between parental worry, parental over-control and adolescent social anxiety in parent-adolescent dyads. Using a longitudinal sample of adolescents (Mage  = 14.28) and their parents (224 mother-daughter, 234 mother-son, 51 father-daughter, and 47 father-son dyads), comparisons were conducted using cross-lagged path models across two time points. We used adolescent reports of social anxiety and feelings of being overly controlled by parents, and mother and father self-reports of worries...
December 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704083/does-affective-theory-of-mind-contribute-to-proactive-aggression-in-boys-with-conduct-problems-and-psychopathic-tendencies
#18
Steven M Gillespie, Mickey T Kongerslev, Carla Sharp, Sune Bo, Ahmad M Abu-Akel
Adolescent psychopathic tendencies are associated with phenotypic increases in proactive aggression. However, the extent to which an understanding of others' affective mental states, or affective theory of mind (ToM), contributes to proactive aggression remains unknown. We examined how performance on a well-known test of affective ToM, based on cropped images of the eye region, contributes to reactive and proactive types of aggression in a mixed ethnicity sample of 80 incarcerated adolescent boys. A hierarchical regression model showed that affective ToM predicted proactive aggression over and above the influence of clinically rated psychopathic tendencies...
December 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681000/the-role-of-self-reports-and-behavioral-measures-of-interpretation-biases-in-children-with-varying-levels-of-anxiety
#19
Anke M Klein, Emmelie Flokstra, Rianne van Niekerk, Steven Klein, Ronald M Rapee, Jennifer L Hudson, Susan M Bögels, Eni S Becker, Mike Rinck
We investigated the role of self-reports and behavioral measures of interpretation biases and their content-specificity in children with varying levels of spider fear and/or social anxiety. In total, 141 selected children from a community sample completed an interpretation bias task with scenarios that were related to either spider threat or social threat. Specific interpretation biases were found; only spider-related interpretation bias and self-reported spider fear predicted unique variance in avoidance behavior on the Behavior Avoidance Task for spiders...
December 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666976/do-youth-with-separation-anxiety-disorder-differ-in-anxiety-sensitivity-from-youth-with-other-anxiety-disorders
#20
Dagmar Kr Hannesdottir, Sandra Bjorg Sigurjonsdottir, Urdur Njardvik, Thomas H Ollendick
Studies on the relationship between separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in childhood and panic disorder (PD) in adolescence and adulthood have yielded results which suggest a common underlying vulnerability for both disorders. In this study, we examined whether one such possible vulnerability-anxiety sensitivity-differed for youth diagnosed with SAD versus other anxiety disorders. Anxiety sensitivity was assessed using the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI) in 315 clinic-referred youth (ages 6-17, 113 girls)...
December 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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