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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536961/emotional-clarity-anxiety-sensitivity-and-ptsd-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents
#1
Andres G Viana, Abigail E Hanna, Emma C Woodward, Elizabeth M Raines, Daniel J Paulus, Erin C Berenz, Michael J Zvolensky
Although several investigations-on primarily adult samples-demonstrate a potential role of emotion dysregulation in the etiology and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), investigations into the mechanisms that may underlie these associations in general and among adolescents in particular are lacking. The present study examined associations among emotional clarity (i.e., the extent to which individuals are confused about the specific emotions they are experiencing), (Gratz, Journal of Psychopathology Behavioral Assessment 26(1):41-54, 2004) anxiety sensitivity, and DSM-IV PTSD symptom cluster severity (i...
May 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523378/examining-practitioner-competencies-organizational-support-and-barriers-to-engaging-fathers-in-parenting-interventions
#2
L A Tully, D A J Collins, P J Piotrowska, K S Mairet, D J Hawes, C Moul, R K Lenroot, P J Frick, V A Anderson, E R Kimonis, M R Dadds
Evidence-based parenting interventions have been developed and evaluated largely with mothers. This study examined practitioner reports of rates of father attendance, barriers to engagement, organizational support for father-inclusive practice, participation in training in father engagement, and competencies in working with fathers. It also explored predictors of practitioner competence and rates of father attendance. Practitioners (N = 210) who delivered parenting interventions completed an online survey...
May 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516386/intergenerational-transmission-of-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-parental-negative-perceptions-and-behaviors
#3
Yiji Wang
This study examined parental proximal processes involving in the intergenerational transmission of depressive symptoms from parents to their children. Extant literature has predominantly focused on maternal depressive symptoms. Yet, the mechanisms that may underlie the transmission of paternal depressive symptoms is less often studied. Participants were Chinese parents of first-graders (N = 2282). Results of structural equation modeling suggested that maternal and paternal depressive symptoms may be transmitted to their children through differential processes...
May 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510006/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-treatment-seeking-youth
#4
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Ester Di Giacomo, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
A new severity specifier for bulimia nervosa (BN), based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviours (e.g., laxative misuse, self-induced vomiting, fasting, diuretic misuse, and excessive exercise), has been added to the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing variability and heterogeneity in the severity of the disorder. While existing research provides support for the DSM-5 severity specifier for BN in adult patients, evidence for its validity and clinical utility in youth is currently lacking...
May 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501936/maternal-sensitivity-predicts-fewer-sleep-problems-at-early-adolescence-for-toddlers-with-negative-emotionality-a-case-of-differential-susceptibility
#5
Anne Conway, Anahid Modrek, Prakash Gorroochurn
Theory underscores the importance of parenting in sleep development, but few studies have examined whether links vary by temperament. To address this gap, we tested whether potential links between early maternal sensitivity and early adolescent sleep problems varied by child negative emotionality and delay of gratification. Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 820), we found that high maternal sensitivity predicted fewer bedtime problems and longer sleep duration at 6th grade for toddlers with high negative emotionality, whereas low maternal sensitivity predicted the reverse...
May 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500435/examining-the-mechanisms-of-therapeutic-change-in-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-anxious-children-the-role-of-interpretation-bias-perceived-control-and-coping-strategies
#6
Ana Isabel Pereira, Peter Muris, Magda Sofia Roberto, Teresa Marques, Rita Goes, Luísa Barros
This study examined the role of theoretically meaningful mediators of therapeutic change-interpretation bias, perceived control, and coping strategies-in a cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxious youth. This is one of the few studies that examined the change in potential mediator and outcome variables by means of a longitudinal design that included four assessment points: pretreatment, in-treatment, post-treatment, and at 4-months follow-up. Forty-seven 8- to 12-year-old children with a principal DSM-IV diagnosis of anxiety disorder participated in the study...
May 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500434/comparing-the-multicomponent-coping-power-program-to-individualized-parent-child-treatment-for-improving-the-parenting-efficacy-and-satisfaction-of-parents-of-children-with-conduct-problems
#7
Jaclyn A Ludmer, Marcos Sanches, Lee Propp, Brendan F Andrade
This study compared the multicomponent Coping Power (group) program to individualized parent-child treatment with respect to changing the parenting efficacy and satisfaction of parents of children with conduct problems. One hundred fourteen parents of 9-12-year-old children with conduct problems were randomized to Coping Power or individualized treatment at an urban children's mental health clinic. Parents reported their pre- and post-treatment parenting efficacy and parenting satisfaction (Parent Sense of Competence Scale)...
May 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488144/does-parenting-influence-the-enduring-impact-of-severe-childhood-sexual-abuse-on-psychiatric-resilience-in-adulthood
#8
Mackenzie J Lind, Ruth C Brown, Christina M Sheerin, Timothy P York, John M Myers, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
This study examined the effect of parenting on the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and psychiatric resilience in adulthood in a large female twin sample (n = 1423) assessed for severe CSA (i.e., attempted or completed intercourse before age 16). Severe CSA was associated with lower resilience to recent stressors in adulthood (defined as the difference between their internalizing symptoms and their predicted level of symptoms based on cumulative exposure to stressful life events). Subscales of the Parental Bonding Instrument were significantly associated with resilience...
May 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451897/sleeping-paranoia-away-an-actigraphy-and-experience-sampling-study-with-adolescents
#9
Timo Hennig, Tania M Lincoln
Paranoid symptoms co-occur with distress and poor functioning and constitute a risk for psychosis and other mental disorders. Poor sleep is known to be associated with paranoid symptoms, but the direction of the effect and the mediating factors have not been studied thoroughly. In an experience-sampling study, 61 adolescents wore an actigraph over eight nights and also rated their sleep, symptoms of paranoia, and potentially mediating factors. Shorter sleep time and more dreaming predicted paranoid symptoms in multilevel regression models...
April 27, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421318/mental-health-care-use-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#10
A Plass-Christl, F Klasen, C Otto, C Barkmann, H Hölling, Toni Klein, S Wiegand-Grefe, M Schulte-Markwort, U Ravens-Sieberer
Whether parental mental health problems facilitate or hinder the use of mental health care of the parents´ children is still unclear. The present cross sectional study examined mental health care use and potential predictors in a population based sample. Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) were nearly 5 times more likely to use mental health care compared to children of parents without mental health problems. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the most important predictors of mental health care use for CPM were active family life (OR = 2...
April 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409317/predictors-of-accommodation-among-families-affected-by-fear-based-disorders
#11
Lillian Reuman, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Symptom accommodation-behaviors that family members engage in either to prevent or alleviate a loved one's anxiety-is ubiquitous in families with relatives affected by fear-based disorders (FBDs), yet little research has examined the extent to which certain psychological factors predict symptom accommodation. The current study examined several potential predictors (e.g., empathic concern) among co-residing relatives of individuals diagnosed with FBDs. Participants (n = 53) completed a series of clinical interviews and self report measures...
April 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405786/maternal-responsiveness-as-a-predictor-of-self-regulation-development-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms-across-preschool-ages
#12
Ursula Pauli-Pott, Susan Schloß, Katja Becker
Preschool-age "hot" executive function capacity (i.e. reward-related effortful control) represents an early kind of self-regulation that is involved in social adjustment development as well as the development of subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early self-regulation development might be malleable by responsive parenting. We analyzed whether maternal responsiveness/sensitivity predicts reward-related control (RRC) development within the preschool period, and whether RRC mediates a negative link between maternal responsiveness and ADHD symptoms...
April 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401324/testing-a-higher-order-model-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-the-role-of-aggression-subtypes
#13
Kristin J Perry, Jamie M Ostrov
This study assessed how the forms and functions of aggression fit into a higher order model of internalizing and externalizing behavior, for children in early childhood (N = 332, M age = 47.11 months, SD = 7.32). The lower order internalizing factors were depressed affect, anxious-fearfulness, and asocial behavior (i.e., social withdrawal) and the lower order externalizing factors were deception and hyperactivity. The forms and functions of aggression were crossed to create four factors: reactive relational, reactive physical, proactive relational, and proactive physical aggression...
April 11, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391540/the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-parents-for-italian-school-aged-children-psychometric-properties-and-norms
#14
Valentina Tobia, Gian Marco Marzocchi
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire [SDQ; (1)] is a multi-informant instrument for screening developmental psychopathology. This study contributes to the validation of the Italian SDQ-Parent version (SDQ-P), analyzing its factorial structure, providing norms and investigating cross-informant agreement (parents-teachers). The SDQ-P and the SDQ-Teacher version (SDQ-T) were completed for 1917 primary and middle school students. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to compare two factorial structures: the original five-factor model and the structure obtained in a past Italian study (2)...
April 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389842/a-multi-informant-examination-of-maternal-symptoms-and-autonomy-granting-in-youth-anxiety
#15
Chiaying Wei, Anna J Swan, Heather B Makover, Philip C Kendall
Evidence suggests the important role of (a) parenting behaviors and (b) parental psychopathology in the development and maintenance of youth anxiety. Using a multi-informant approach, the current study examined the association of maternal autonomy granting and maternal symptoms (i.e., anxiety and depression) with youth anxiety among mothers and 88 youth (ages of 6-17) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder. Results from the generalized estimating equations (GEE) analyses indicated that mothers reported higher youth anxiety symptoms compared to youth self-reports...
April 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389841/an-initial-case-series-of-intensive-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Joshua M Nadeau, Amaya Ramos, Brian Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Eric A Storch
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with ASD-specific modifications has support for treating OCD in this population; however, use of intensive CBT in youth with ASD and severe OCD has not been tested. The current study examined the preliminary effectiveness of an individualized intensive CBT protocol for OCD in adolescents with ASD. Nine adolescents (aged 11-17 years) completed a regimen of intensive CBT (range 24-80 daily sessions) incorporating exposure with response prevention (ERP)...
April 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315981/the-development-of-severe-and-chronic-violence-among-youth-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-and-reward-processing
#17
Dennis E Reidy, Elizabeth Krusemark, David S Kosson, Megan C Kearns, Joanne Smith-Darden, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathic traits are a manifestation of a personality pathology that comprises a core affective-interpersonal dysfunction (callous-unemotional traits) and an impulsive-antisocial behavioral component. Of particular importance, psychopathic traits are associated with the perpetration of some of the most severe acts of violence, and they appear to indicate a subset of youth at risk for earlier onset, greater frequency, and persistence of violent offending. Although these youth represent a minority of the population, they commit a significant proportion of the violence in the general community...
March 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315109/mental-health-visits-examining-socio-demographic-and-diagnosis-trends-in-the-emergency-department-by-the-pediatric-population
#18
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Christian Ochonma
The emergency department (ED) is increasingly being used for mental health visits by children and adolescents. It is estimated that 21-23% of youth have a diagnosable psychiatric or substance use disorder. Using data from the ED of a tertiary medical center, we examined trends in mental health diagnoses over a 5-year period. In school age children the most prevalent diagnoses were anxiety disorders (28.4%); disorders first usually diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence (26.5%), and mood disorders (18...
March 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289952/tic-severity-and-treatment-in-children-the-effect-of-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-behaviors
#19
Tamara Pringsheim
While attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive compulsive disorder have been shown to have major impacts on quality of life in individuals with Tourette syndrome, there is comparatively little data on how the presence of these comorbidities influence tic severity and treatment. 114 children (mean age 10.25 years) were extensively clinically phenotyped at a single specialty clinic. While there was no difference in Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) scores in children with versus without ADHD, children with obsessive compulsive behaviors had significantly higher YGTSS scores (p = 0...
March 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281020/restricted-repetitive-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-comparative-review
#20
Marina Jiujias, Elizabeth Kelley, Layla Hall
This review paper critically examines literature regarding restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The similar behavioral profiles of these disorders presents the potential for confusion regarding diagnoses and intervention efforts. As such, this review highlights the similarities and differences between RRBs in ASD and OCD. The developmental trajectories of RRBs are presented, followed by an exploration of three constructs implicated in RRB manifestation: anxiety, executive functioning, and sensory phenomena...
March 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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