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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097446/temperament-traits-and-psychopathology-in-young-clinically-referred-children-compared-to-a-general-population-sample
#1
Frederike Y Scheper, Mirjana Majdandžić, Peter M van de Ven, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Carlo Schuengel, Annelou L C de Vries
Evidence from general population studies shows the contribution of various temperament traits to the development of child psychopathology. Little is known about which traits are associated with internalizing and externalizing problems in young clinically referred children. The current study assessed temperament and internalizing and externalizing problems in 216 referred children (M = 4.35 years, SD 0.89, 81% boys). A comparison was made with an age and gender matched general population sample. Referred children showed less effortful control than general population children...
January 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070762/being-on-your-own-or-feeling-lonely-loneliness-and-other-social-variables-in-youths-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Anne Deckers, Peter Muris, Jeffrey Roelofs
A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine loneliness and its correlates in children (7 to 11 years) and adolescents (12 to 18 years) with autism spectrum disorders (ASD, n = 73) and control groups of clinically referred (ADHD, n = 76) and non-clinical (n = 106) youths. Youths completed questionnaires on loneliness and desire for social interaction, while parents and teachers filled out scales on other aspects of children's social functioning. Results indicated that only at an adolescent age, the ASD group reported higher levels of loneliness than the control groups...
January 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035556/predictors-of-program-use-and-child-and-parent-outcomes-of-a-brief-online-parenting-intervention
#3
Sabine Baker, Matthew R Sanders
Web-based parenting interventions have the potential to increase the currently low reach of parenting programs, but few evidence-based online programs are available, and little is known about who benefits from this delivery format. This study investigated if improvements in child behavior and parenting, following participation in a brief online parenting program (Triple P Online Brief), can be predicted by family and program-related factors. Participants were 100 parents of 2-9-year-old children displaying disruptive behavior problems...
December 30, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025721/family-relations-and-psychopathology-examining-depressive-and-bulimic-symptomatology
#4
Annette S Kluck, Starla Dallesasse, Erin M English
Despite early theories suggesting that family dysfunction (FD) may cause disordered eating, FD has been linked with other disorders and is a non-specific risk factor for disordered eating. We examined one potential model of the way FD relates to disordered eating, drawing on research that identified depression as a risk factor for bulimia. We examined whether depression symptoms (DEPs) partially mediated the relationship between family cohesion (as a measure of FD) and bulimic symptoms (BNs) using a sample of 215 never-married college women under age 20...
December 26, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004215/aripiprazole-in-the-treatment-of-irritability-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-japan-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Hironobu Ichikawa, Katsunaka Mikami, Takashi Okada, Yushiro Yamashita, Yuko Ishizaki, Akemi Tomoda, Hiroaki Ono, Chiharu Usuki, Yoshihiro Tadori
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole in the treatment of irritability in children and adolescents (6-17 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 8-week study in Japan. Patients received flexibly dosed aripiprazole (1-15 mg/day) or placebo. Ninety-two patients were randomized to placebo (n = 45) or aripiprazole (n = 47). Aripiprazole produced a significant improvement in the mean parent/caregiver-rated Aberrant Behavior Checklist Japanese Version irritability subscale score relative to placebo from week 3 through week 8...
December 21, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942914/are-youth-psychopathic-traits-related-to-bullying-meta-analyses-on-callous-unemotional-traits-narcissism-and-impulsivity
#6
Mitch van Geel, Fatih Toprak, Anouk Goemans, Wendy Zwaanswijk, Paul Vedder
In the current manuscript meta-analyses are performed to analyze the relations between three aspects of psychopathy in youth, Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, Narcissism, and Impulsivity, and bullying behaviors. The databases PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ERIC, Web of Science and Proquest were searched for relevant articles on bullying and CU traits, Narcissism, or Impulsivity in youth under 20 years of age. Two authors each independently screened 842 studies that were found in the literature search. Two authors independently coded ten studies on bullying and CU (N = 4115) traits, six studies on bullying and Narcissism (N = 3376) and 14 studies on bullying and Impulsivity (N = 33,574) that met the inclusion criteria...
December 10, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917455/what-s-the-worry-with-social-anxiety-comparing-cognitive-processes-in-children-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-social-anxiety-disorder
#7
Cate S Hearn, Caroline L Donovan, Susan H Spence, Sonja March, Monique C Holmes
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) in children is often comorbid with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). We investigated whether worry, intolerance of uncertainty, beliefs about worry, negative problem orientation and cognitive avoidance, that are typically associated with GAD, are present in children with SAD. Participants included 60 children (8-12 years), matched on age and gender. Groups included children: with primary GAD and without SAD (GAD); with primary SAD and without GAD (SAD); and without an anxiety disorder (NAD)...
December 5, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913899/linking-temperamental-shyness-and-social-anxiety-in-childhood-and-adolescence-moderating-influences-of-sex-and-age
#8
Tiffany Y L Tsui, Ayelet Lahat, Louis A Schmidt
Although childhood shyness has been linked to social anxiety problems, the factors playing a role in this association have gone largely unexplored. Here we examined the potential moderating roles of sex and age on this relation in a sample of 119 (75 girls) children (10-12 years) and adolescents (14-16 years). As predicted, shyness was positively associated with social anxiety symptoms. Sex, but not age, served as a moderating factor in linking shyness and social anxiety. Specifically, shyness was more strongly associated with social anxiety symptoms among girls than boys...
December 2, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900556/an-investigation-of-relational-risk-and-promotive-factors-associated-with-adolescent-female-aggression
#9
Katie L Cotter, Paul R Smokowski
Despite growing trends in adolescent female aggression, much adolescent aggression research has focused on males to the exclusion of their female counterparts. Using relational-cultural and social role theories, the current study identifies the risk and promotive factors associated with adolescent female aggression. Using data from the Rural Adaptation Project (a 5 year longitudinal panel study of youth from two rural, ethnically diverse, low income counties in North Carolina), a 2-level hierarchical linear model was estimated (N = 3580)...
November 29, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878415/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-maltreatment-and-social-support-on-children-s-social-competence-across-reporters
#10
Laura E Miller-Graff, Kathryn H Howell, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Katherine Grein
Children's social competence is a key characteristic of resilience, yet little research has assessed contributing factors to this construct. The objectives of this study were to examine direct and indirect effects of maltreatment on children's social competence, the promotive role of child and caregiver social support, and factors contributing to reports of child social competence across informants. Structural equation modeling evaluated the influence of CPS report history, child adjustment, and child and caregiver social support on child social competence in n = 783 caregiver-child dyads...
November 22, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873027/assessing-clinical-improvement-in-school-based-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-agreement-between-adolescents-parents-and-independent-evaluators
#11
Jeremy K Fox, Carrie Masia Warner
The Clinical Global Impressions of Improvement (CGI-I) scale is widely used in clinical trials to monitor clinically meaningful change during treatment. Although it is standard practice in research to have independent evaluators (IEs) complete the CGI-I, this approach is not practical in school and community settings. Few studies have explored the potential utility of other informants, such as youth and parents. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate agreement between IEs and both adolescents and parents in CGI-I improvement ratings in the context of a randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder, as delivered by psychologists and school counselors...
November 22, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832342/prevalence-and-clinical-differences-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-youth-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety
#12
Nicole M McBride, Carly Johnco, Alison Salloum, Adam B Lewin, Eric A Storch
This study examined the incidence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with anxiety before initiating cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. Overall, 30% of youth experienced suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Prior to treatment, 24% reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and 13.1% endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. More than half who endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment were newly identified cases not detected prior to treatment...
November 10, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830340/utilization-of-mental-health-services-and-mental-health-status-among-children-placed-in-out-of-home-care-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-modeling-approach
#13
Svetlana Yampolskaya, Patty J Sharrock, Colleen Clark, Ardis Hanson
This longitudinal study examined the parallel trajectories of mental health service use and mental health status among children placed in Florida out-of-home care. The results of growth curve modeling suggested that children with greater mental health problems initially received more mental health services. Initial child mental health status, however, had no effect on subsequent service provision when all outpatient mental health services were included. When specific types of mental health services, such as basic outpatient, targeted case management, and intensive mental health services were examined, results suggested that children with compromised functioning during the baseline period received more intensive mental health services over time...
November 9, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815719/spanish-validation-of-the-school-anxiety-scale-teacher-report-sas-tr
#14
Mireia Orgilés, Iván Fernández-Martínez, Sara Lera-Miguel, Juan Carlos Marzo, Laura Medrano, José Pedro Espada
This study aimed to examine the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the School Anxiety Scale-Teacher Report (SAS-TR) in a community sample of 315 Spanish children aged 5 to 12 years. Thirty-seven teachers from eleven schools completed the SAS-TR and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for each child. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the original two-factor structure, but a better fit model was obtained after removing four items. The scale was found to have high internal consistency (α = 0...
November 4, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812841/successful-treatment-response-with-aripiprazole-augmentation-of-ssris-in-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-childhood
#15
Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan, Ayse Kutlu, Deniz Yuce, Melis Ipci, Sevim Berrin Inci
The aim of this study is to evaluate the aripiprazole augmentation of selective seratonine reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in children and adolescents with treatment-resistant OCD. Forty-eight children and adolescents (14 girls, 34 boys), who are non-responders to treatment with at least two types of SSRIs and CBT, were administered a 12-week of augmentation. Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS), and Clinical Global Impression-Severity and Improvement (CGI-S and CGI-I) sub-scales were used for evaluation of the treatment outcomes...
November 3, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796624/violence-trauma-mental-health-and-substance-use-among-homeless-youth-juggalos
#16
Robin Petering, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, David Dent, Eric Rice
Insane Clown Posse is a musical duo whose fans are known as Juggalos. Many homeless youths (HY) identify as Juggalos, most likely because the group's music embraces poverty and being an outsider in mainstream society. Juggalos are stereotyped as being violent, undereducated, poor, racist, crime-committing youth, and in 2011 the FBI officially labeled Juggalos as a gang. However, little is known about the intersection of HY and Juggalos. A convenience sample of Los Angeles-area, drop-in service-seeking HY completed a self-administered questionnaire (N = 495)...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796623/testing-reciprocal-links-between-trouble-getting-to-sleep-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-and-bedtime-resistance-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-toddlers
#17
Anne Conway, Alison L Miller, Anahid Modrek
Sleep problems are associated with problematic adjustment in toddlers, but less is known regarding the direction of association between specific sleep problems and adjustment. To address this gap, we used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1001) to examine reciprocal associations between sleep problems and behavior problems from 24- to 36-months. Results from cross-lagged path models suggested specificity of associations between type of sleep problem and behavior problem...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329368/examining-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-enjoyment-and-satisfaction-questionnaire-in-two-samples-of-youth-with-ocd
#18
B Wellen, L C Skriner, J Freeman, E Stewart, A Garcia, J Sapyta, M Franklin
Researchers have demonstrated that quality of life (QOL) is an important construct to measure in individuals with mental health disorders, yet only a small amount of research has been dedicated to examining QOL and its response to treatment in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The current study explored the psychometric properties of a measure of QOL, the Pediatric Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PQ-LES-Q), by examining the reliability, validity, and treatment sensitivity of this measure delivered in two separate RCTs for OCD (total N = 251 across both studies)...
February 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306883/the-effectiveness-of-parent-management-training-oregon-model-in-clinically-referred-children-with-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-the-netherlands
#19
Jill Thijssen, Gerko Vink, Peter Muris, Corine de Ruiter
The present study examined the effectiveness of parent management training-Oregon model (PMTO) as a treatment for children with externalizing behavior problems in The Netherlands. Clinically referred children (N = 146) aged 4-11 years and their parents were partly randomized to either PMTO (n = 91) or Care As Usual (CAU; n = 55). Families were assessed at four time points: at pretreatment, and after 6, 12, and 18 months. Results showed that both PMTO and CAU were effective in reducing child externalizing behavior, parenting stress and parental psychopathology, with no significant differences between the two treatment conditions...
February 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289236/agreement-between-parent-and-self-reports-of-psychopathic-traits-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-a-clinical-sample
#20
Yoon Phaik Ooi, Andrea L Glenn, Rebecca P Ang, Stefania Vanzetti, Tiziana Falcone, Jens Gaab, Daniel Ss Fung
A number of studies have identified discrepancies in informant ratings of externalizing behaviors in youth, but it is unclear whether similar discrepancies exist between informants when rating psychopathic traits. In this study, we examined parent-child agreement on ratings of both psychopathic traits and externalizing behaviors, and examined the factors that influence agreement in both of these domains. A total of 282 children between 7 and 16 years (M = 10.60 years, SD = 1.91) from an outpatient child psychiatric clinic participated in this study...
February 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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