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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913899/linking-temperamental-shyness-and-social-anxiety-in-childhood-and-adolescence-moderating-influences-of-sex-and-age
#1
Tiffany Y L Tsui, Ayelet Lahat, Louis A Schmidt
Although childhood shyness has been linked to social anxiety problems, the factors playing a role in this association have gone largely unexplored. Here we examined the potential moderating roles of sex and age on this relation in a sample of 119 (75 girls) children (10-12 years) and adolescents (14-16 years). As predicted, shyness was positively associated with social anxiety symptoms. Sex, but not age, served as a moderating factor in linking shyness and social anxiety. Specifically, shyness was more strongly associated with social anxiety symptoms among girls than boys...
December 2, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900556/an-investigation-of-relational-risk-and-promotive-factors-associated-with-adolescent-female-aggression
#2
Katie L Cotter, Paul R Smokowski
Despite growing trends in adolescent female aggression, much adolescent aggression research has focused on males to the exclusion of their female counterparts. Using relational-cultural and social role theories, the current study identifies the risk and promotive factors associated with adolescent female aggression. Using data from the Rural Adaptation Project (a 5 year longitudinal panel study of youth from two rural, ethnically diverse, low income counties in North Carolina), a 2-level hierarchical linear model was estimated (N = 3580)...
November 29, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878415/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-maltreatment-and-social-support-on-children-s-social-competence-across-reporters
#3
Laura E Miller-Graff, Kathryn H Howell, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Katherine Grein
Children's social competence is a key characteristic of resilience, yet little research has assessed contributing factors to this construct. The objectives of this study were to examine direct and indirect effects of maltreatment on children's social competence, the promotive role of child and caregiver social support, and factors contributing to reports of child social competence across informants. Structural equation modeling evaluated the influence of CPS report history, child adjustment, and child and caregiver social support on child social competence in n = 783 caregiver-child dyads...
November 22, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873027/assessing-clinical-improvement-in-school-based-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-agreement-between-adolescents-parents-and-independent-evaluators
#4
Jeremy K Fox, Carrie Masia Warner
The Clinical Global Impressions of Improvement (CGI-I) scale is widely used in clinical trials to monitor clinically meaningful change during treatment. Although it is standard practice in research to have independent evaluators (IEs) complete the CGI-I, this approach is not practical in school and community settings. Few studies have explored the potential utility of other informants, such as youth and parents. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate agreement between IEs and both adolescents and parents in CGI-I improvement ratings in the context of a randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder, as delivered by psychologists and school counselors...
November 22, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832342/prevalence-and-clinical-differences-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-youth-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety
#5
Nicole M McBride, Carly Johnco, Alison Salloum, Adam B Lewin, Eric A Storch
This study examined the incidence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with anxiety before initiating cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. Overall, 30% of youth experienced suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Prior to treatment, 24% reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and 13.1% endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. More than half who endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment were newly identified cases not detected prior to treatment...
November 10, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830340/utilization-of-mental-health-services-and-mental-health-status-among-children-placed-in-out-of-home-care-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-modeling-approach
#6
Svetlana Yampolskaya, Patty J Sharrock, Colleen Clark, Ardis Hanson
This longitudinal study examined the parallel trajectories of mental health service use and mental health status among children placed in Florida out-of-home care. The results of growth curve modeling suggested that children with greater mental health problems initially received more mental health services. Initial child mental health status, however, had no effect on subsequent service provision when all outpatient mental health services were included. When specific types of mental health services, such as basic outpatient, targeted case management, and intensive mental health services were examined, results suggested that children with compromised functioning during the baseline period received more intensive mental health services over time...
November 9, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815719/spanish-validation-of-the-school-anxiety-scale-teacher-report-sas-tr
#7
Mireia Orgilés, Iván Fernández-Martínez, Sara Lera-Miguel, Juan Carlos Marzo, Laura Medrano, José Pedro Espada
This study aimed to examine the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the School Anxiety Scale-Teacher Report (SAS-TR) in a community sample of 315 Spanish children aged 5 to 12 years. Thirty-seven teachers from eleven schools completed the SAS-TR and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for each child. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the original two-factor structure, but a better fit model was obtained after removing four items. The scale was found to have high internal consistency (α = 0...
November 4, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812841/successful-treatment-response-with-aripiprazole-augmentation-of-ssris-in-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-childhood
#8
Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan, Ayse Kutlu, Deniz Yuce, Melis Ipci, Sevim Berrin Inci
The aim of this study is to evaluate the aripiprazole augmentation of selective seratonine reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in children and adolescents with treatment-resistant OCD. Forty-eight children and adolescents (14 girls, 34 boys), who are non-responders to treatment with at least two types of SSRIs and CBT, were administered a 12-week of augmentation. Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS), and Clinical Global Impression-Severity and Improvement (CGI-S and CGI-I) sub-scales were used for evaluation of the treatment outcomes...
November 3, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796624/violence-trauma-mental-health-and-substance-use-among-homeless-youth-juggalos
#9
Robin Petering, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, David Dent, Eric Rice
Insane Clown Posse is a musical duo whose fans are known as Juggalos. Many homeless youths (HY) identify as Juggalos, most likely because the group's music embraces poverty and being an outsider in mainstream society. Juggalos are stereotyped as being violent, undereducated, poor, racist, crime-committing youth, and in 2011 the FBI officially labeled Juggalos as a gang. However, little is known about the intersection of HY and Juggalos. A convenience sample of Los Angeles-area, drop-in service-seeking HY completed a self-administered questionnaire (N = 495)...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796623/testing-reciprocal-links-between-trouble-getting-to-sleep-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-and-bedtime-resistance-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-toddlers
#10
Anne Conway, Alison L Miller, Anahid Modrek
Sleep problems are associated with problematic adjustment in toddlers, but less is known regarding the direction of association between specific sleep problems and adjustment. To address this gap, we used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1001) to examine reciprocal associations between sleep problems and behavior problems from 24- to 36-months. Results from cross-lagged path models suggested specificity of associations between type of sleep problem and behavior problem...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770232/the-parenting-anxious-kids-ratings-scale-parent-report-pakrs-pr-initial-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties
#11
Christopher A Flessner, Yolanda E Murphy, Elle Brennan, Alexandra D'Auria
Developmental models of pediatric anxiety posit multiple, maladaptive parenting behaviors as potential risk factors. Despite this, a standardized means of assessing multiple of these practices (i.e., anxiogenic parenting) in a comprehensive and efficient manner are lacking. In Study 1531 parents of children 7-17 years old completed an online survey via Amazon Mechanical Turk. In Study 2, a separate community sample (N = 109; 9-17 years old) was recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment battery as part of a larger study...
October 21, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734260/callous-unemotional-traits-moderate-the-relation-between-prenatal-testosterone-2d-4d-and-externalising-behaviours-in-children
#12
Alyson Blanchard, Luna C Munoz Centifanti
Children who exhibit callous-unemotional (CU) traits are identified as developing particularly severe forms of externalising behaviours (EB). A number of risk factors have been identified in the development of CU traits, including biological, physiological, and genetic factors. However, prenatal testosterone (PT) remains un-investigated, yet could signal fetal programming of a combination of CU/EB. Using the 2D:4D digit ratio, the current study examined whether CU traits moderated the relationship between PT and EB...
October 12, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734259/suicidal-behavior-in-juvenile-delinquents-the-role-of-adhd-and-other-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders
#13
Vladislav Ruchkin, Roman A Koposov, Ai Koyanagi, Andrew Stickley
This study evaluated the role of psychiatric morbidity in relation to a history of suicidal behavior, with a particular focus on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Suicidality and psychiatric diagnoses were assessed in 370 incarcerated male juvenile delinquents from Northern Russia using the semi-structured K-SADS-PL psychiatric interview. A lifetime history of suicidal ideation only (24.7 %) and suicidal ideation with suicide attempts (15.7 %) was common. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the role of ADHD and other psychiatric disorders in suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
October 12, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730314/personality-development-within-a-generational-context-life-course-outcomes-of-shy-children
#14
Louis A Schmidt, Alva Tang, Kimberly L Day, Ayelet Lahat, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Studies have shown that shy children born in the 1920s and 1950s had delayed marriage and parenthood, less stable careers, and lower occupational attainment as adults than other children. Do these effects still hold true? We examined demographic and social outcomes of children born between 1977 and 1982 in a prospective longitudinal study. We assessed shyness in childhood (age 8), adolescence (age 12-16), young adulthood (age 22-26), and adulthood (age 30-35), and derived three shyness trajectories (i.e., decreasing, increasing, and low-stable)...
October 11, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714483/developmental-trajectories-of-youth-conduct-problems-testing-later-development-and-related-outcomes-in-a-12-year-period
#15
Laura López-Romero, Estrella Romero, Paula Villar
Developmental heterogeneity of youth conduct problems has been widely assumed, leading to the identification of distinctive groups at particular risk of more serious problems later in development. The present study intends to expand the main results of a prior study focused on identifying developmental trajectories of conduct problems (Stable-low, Stable-high, and Decreasing), by analyzing their developmental course and related outcomes during middle/late adolescence and early adulthood. Two follow-up studies were conducted 10 and 12 years after the initial study with 115 and 122 youths respectively (mean = 17...
October 6, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704299/child-abuse-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-among-chinese-adolescents-emotional-processing-as-mediator-and-ptsd-from-past-trauma-as-moderator
#16
Man Cheung Chung, Zhuo Sheng Chen
This study investigated whether child abuse was associated with psychiatric co-morbidity in a group of Chinese adolescents, and whether this association would be mediated by emotional processing difficulties and moderated by the severity of PTSD from other traumas in the past. Four hundred seventy-four adolescents participated in the study. They completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, General Health Questionnaire-28, the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, and Emotional processing scale-25...
October 4, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696243/social-support-parenting-and-social-emotional-development-in-young-mexican-and-dominican-american-children
#17
Maria Serrano-Villar, Keng-Yen Huang, Esther J Calzada
This study focused on social support and its association with child developmental outcomes, indirectly through parenting practices, in families of 4-5 year old Latino children. Data were collected from mothers and teachers of 610 Mexican American (MA) and Dominican American (DA) children. Mothers reported on perceived social support, parenting practices and children's problem and adaptive behavior functioning at home, and teachers reported on mothers' parent involvement and children's problem and adaptive behavior functioning in the classroom...
September 30, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628896/a-biopsychosocial-approach-to-risk-and-resilience-on-behavior-in-children-followed-from-birth-to-age-12
#18
Sara Agnafors, Carl Göran Svedin, Lars Oreland, Marie Bladh, Erika Comasco, Gunilla Sydsjö
An increasing prevalence of mental health problems calls for more knowledge into factors associated with resilience. The present study used multiple statistical methodologies to examine a biopsychosocial model of risk and resilience on preadolescence behavior. Data from 889 children and mothers from a birth cohort were used. An adversity score was created by combining maternal symptoms of depression, psychosocial risk and children's experiences of life events. The proposed resilience factors investigated were candidate genetic polymorphisms, child temperament, social functioning, and maternal sense of coherence...
September 15, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619221/longitudinal-trajectories-of-depression-symptoms-in-adolescence-psychosocial-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#19
Rachel E R Ellis, Marc L Seal, Julian G Simmons, Sarah Whittle, Orli S Schwartz, Michelle L Byrne, Nicholas B Allen
Variations in symptom trajectories within a population may represent distinct groups with different etiologies and outcomes. This study aimed to identify subgroups of depression symptom trajectories in a sample of adolescents, and to describe psychosocial attributes of the different groups. In a longitudinal study, 243 adolescents (121 males and 122 females), were assessed using a battery of measures of temperament, psychopathology, and psychological and behavioral functioning. Four phases of data collection over 7 years spanned average ages of the participants from 12 to 18 years old...
September 12, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612477/cultural-adaptation-parenting-and-child-mental-health-among-english-speaking-asian-american-immigrant-families
#20
Keng-Yen Huang, Esther Calzada, Sabrina Cheng, R Gabriela Barajas-Gonzalez, Laurie Miller Brotman
Contrary to the "model minority" myth, Asian American children, especially those from low-income immigrant families, are at risk for both behavioral and emotional problems early in life. Little is known, however, about the underlying developmental mechanisms placing Asian American children at risk, including the role of cultural adaptation and parenting. This study examined cultural adaptation, parenting practices and culture related parenting values and child mental health in a sample of 157 English speaking Asian American immigrant families of children enrolled in early childhood education programs in low-income, urban neighborhoods...
September 9, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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