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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421318/mental-health-care-use-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#1
A Plass-Christl, F Klasen, C Otto, C Barkmann, H Hölling, Toni Klein, S Wiegand-Grefe, M Schulte-Markwort, U Ravens-Sieberer
Whether parental mental health problems facilitate or hinder the use of mental health care of the parents´ children is still unclear. The present cross sectional study examined mental health care use and potential predictors in a population based sample. Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) were nearly 5 times more likely to use mental health care compared to children of parents without mental health problems. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the most important predictors of mental health care use for CPM were active family life (OR = 2...
April 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409317/predictors-of-accommodation-among-families-affected-by-fear-based-disorders
#2
Lillian Reuman, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Symptom accommodation-behaviors that family members engage in either to prevent or alleviate a loved one's anxiety-is ubiquitous in families with relatives affected by fear-based disorders (FBDs), yet little research has examined the extent to which certain psychological factors predict symptom accommodation. The current study examined several potential predictors (e.g., empathic concern) among co-residing relatives of individuals diagnosed with FBDs. Participants (n = 53) completed a series of clinical interviews and self report measures...
April 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405786/maternal-responsiveness-as-a-predictor-of-self-regulation-development-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms-across-preschool-ages
#3
Ursula Pauli-Pott, Susan Schloß, Katja Becker
Preschool-age "hot" executive function capacity (i.e. reward-related effortful control) represents an early kind of self-regulation that is involved in social adjustment development as well as the development of subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early self-regulation development might be malleable by responsive parenting. We analyzed whether maternal responsiveness/sensitivity predicts reward-related control (RRC) development within the preschool period, and whether RRC mediates a negative link between maternal responsiveness and ADHD symptoms...
April 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401324/testing-a-higher-order-model-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-the-role-of-aggression-subtypes
#4
Kristin J Perry, Jamie M Ostrov
This study assessed how the forms and functions of aggression fit into a higher order model of internalizing and externalizing behavior, for children in early childhood (N = 332, M age = 47.11 months, SD = 7.32). The lower order internalizing factors were depressed affect, anxious-fearfulness, and asocial behavior (i.e., social withdrawal) and the lower order externalizing factors were deception and hyperactivity. The forms and functions of aggression were crossed to create four factors: reactive relational, reactive physical, proactive relational, and proactive physical aggression...
April 11, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391540/the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-parents-for-italian-school-aged-children-psychometric-properties-and-norms
#5
Valentina Tobia, Gian Marco Marzocchi
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire [SDQ; (1)] is a multi-informant instrument for screening developmental psychopathology. This study contributes to the validation of the Italian SDQ-Parent version (SDQ-P), analyzing its factorial structure, providing norms and investigating cross-informant agreement (parents-teachers). The SDQ-P and the SDQ-Teacher version (SDQ-T) were completed for 1917 primary and middle school students. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to compare two factorial structures: the original five-factor model and the structure obtained in a past Italian study (2)...
April 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389842/a-multi-informant-examination-of-maternal-symptoms-and-autonomy-granting-in-youth-anxiety
#6
Chiaying Wei, Anna J Swan, Heather B Makover, Philip C Kendall
Evidence suggests the important role of (a) parenting behaviors and (b) parental psychopathology in the development and maintenance of youth anxiety. Using a multi-informant approach, the current study examined the association of maternal autonomy granting and maternal symptoms (i.e., anxiety and depression) with youth anxiety among mothers and 88 youth (ages of 6-17) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder. Results from the generalized estimating equations (GEE) analyses indicated that mothers reported higher youth anxiety symptoms compared to youth self-reports...
April 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389841/an-initial-case-series-of-intensive-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Joshua M Nadeau, Amaya Ramos, Brian Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Eric A Storch
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with ASD-specific modifications has support for treating OCD in this population; however, use of intensive CBT in youth with ASD and severe OCD has not been tested. The current study examined the preliminary effectiveness of an individualized intensive CBT protocol for OCD in adolescents with ASD. Nine adolescents (aged 11-17 years) completed a regimen of intensive CBT (range 24-80 daily sessions) incorporating exposure with response prevention (ERP)...
April 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315981/the-development-of-severe-and-chronic-violence-among-youth-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-and-reward-processing
#8
Dennis E Reidy, Elizabeth Krusemark, David S Kosson, Megan C Kearns, Joanne Smith-Darden, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathic traits are a manifestation of a personality pathology that comprises a core affective-interpersonal dysfunction (callous-unemotional traits) and an impulsive-antisocial behavioral component. Of particular importance, psychopathic traits are associated with the perpetration of some of the most severe acts of violence, and they appear to indicate a subset of youth at risk for earlier onset, greater frequency, and persistence of violent offending. Although these youth represent a minority of the population, they commit a significant proportion of the violence in the general community...
March 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315109/mental-health-visits-examining-socio-demographic-and-diagnosis-trends-in-the-emergency-department-by-the-pediatric-population
#9
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Christian Ochonma
The emergency department (ED) is increasingly being used for mental health visits by children and adolescents. It is estimated that 21-23% of youth have a diagnosable psychiatric or substance use disorder. Using data from the ED of a tertiary medical center, we examined trends in mental health diagnoses over a 5-year period. In school age children the most prevalent diagnoses were anxiety disorders (28.4%); disorders first usually diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence (26.5%), and mood disorders (18...
March 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289952/tic-severity-and-treatment-in-children-the-effect-of-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-behaviors
#10
Tamara Pringsheim
While attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive compulsive disorder have been shown to have major impacts on quality of life in individuals with Tourette syndrome, there is comparatively little data on how the presence of these comorbidities influence tic severity and treatment. 114 children (mean age 10.25 years) were extensively clinically phenotyped at a single specialty clinic. While there was no difference in Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) scores in children with versus without ADHD, children with obsessive compulsive behaviors had significantly higher YGTSS scores (p = 0...
March 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281020/restricted-repetitive-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-comparative-review
#11
Marina Jiujias, Elizabeth Kelley, Layla Hall
This review paper critically examines literature regarding restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The similar behavioral profiles of these disorders presents the potential for confusion regarding diagnoses and intervention efforts. As such, this review highlights the similarities and differences between RRBs in ASD and OCD. The developmental trajectories of RRBs are presented, followed by an exploration of three constructs implicated in RRB manifestation: anxiety, executive functioning, and sensory phenomena...
March 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281019/mapping-the-frequency-and-severity-of-depressive-behaviors-in-preschool-aged-children
#12
Sara J Bufferd, Lea R Dougherty, Thomas M Olino
Depressive emotions and behaviors, such as sadness, irritability, and sleep difficulties, are often early-emerging, impairing, and persistent. However, these behaviors are normative in early development, so it is critical to identify the spectrum of behaviors that may be relevant to the development of depression. This study characterizes the frequency and severity of depressive behaviors and impairment in preschool-aged children using a novel daily diary method with 291 parents. A coherent depression dimension was identified, and the specific frequency at which individual behaviors were identified as severe is reported...
March 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251450/psychometric-properties-of-the-parent-version-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale-in-a-clinical-sample-of-turkish-children-and-adolescents
#13
Vahdet Gormez, Ayse Kilincaslan, Chad Ebesutani, A Cahid Orengul, Ilyas Kaya, Veysi Ceri, Serhat Nasiroglu, Mekiya Filiz, Bruce F Chorpita
The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Parent version (RCADS-P) is a self-report questionnaire that assesses dimensions of DSM-based anxiety and depressive disorders in children and adolescents. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Turkish version in a clinical sample of 483 children and adolescents. The child and parent versions of the RCADS, parent versions of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-Depression Scale were administered...
March 1, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236160/asd-traits-among-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Donna L Griffiths, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters, Susan W White
Research has shown high rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among samples of youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (Farrell et al., Psychiatry Res 199(2):115-123, 2012; Lewin et al., Psychiatry Res 178(2):317-322, 2010; POTS Team, J Am Med Assoc 292(16):1969-1976, 2004). Autism and autistic traits co-occur at high rates within clinical samples of youth with OCD (Ivarsson and Melin in J Anxiety Disord 22(6):969-978, 2008; Stewart et al. in Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 1-9, 2016). This study extends the literature by examining the relationship between ASD traits, family accommodation, and functional impairment in a sample of youth with OCD across a wide age range (n = 80; aged 7-17 years)...
February 24, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185109/further-evaluation-of-associations-between-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-and-suicidal-behavior-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-youth
#15
Paula J Fite, Jonathan Poquiz, Andrew L Frazer, Nicholas Reiter
This study examined associations between reactive and proactive functions of aggression and suicidal behavior in a sample of outpatient treatment seeking youth (n = 111, 60.5% male) ranging from 6 to 17 years of age (Mean age = 10.57 years). Additionally, hope was evaluated as a moderator of these associations. Child reports of measures were used to evaluate associations. When also considering the variance associated with child depressive symptoms and hope, reactive, but not proactive, aggression was uniquely associated with suicidal behavior...
February 10, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176178/are-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-less-impairing-than-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-associations-with-child-quality-of-life-and-parental-stress-and-psychopathology
#16
Liesbeth G E Telman, Francisca J A van Steensel, Marija Maric, Susan M Bögels
We compared clinically referred children with anxiety disorders (AD; n = 63) to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 39), ADHD Combined (ADHD-C; n = 62), ADHD Predominantly Inattentive (ADHD-I; n = 64), and typically developing children (n = 42) on child quality of life (QOL), paternal and maternal psychopathology and parental stress. Diagnoses were based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. Multilevel analyses showed that QOL in AD was higher on school and social functioning, compared to respectively ADHD and ASD, and lower compared to normal controls on all five domains...
February 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176177/trauma-and-aggression-investigating-the-mediating-role-of-mentalizing-in-female-and-male-inpatient-adolescents
#17
Anna Abate, Kaisa Marshall, Carla Sharp, Amanda Venta
High rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and elevated levels of aggression are common among youth in inpatient psychiatric settings. Several models link trauma exposure to aggression through anomalous mental state reasoning. Some theoretical frameworks linking trauma to aggression specify that the over-attribution of hostile mental states contributes to the development of aggressive behavior whereas other theories suggest that an inhibition of mental state reasoning leads to aggressive behavior...
February 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168530/influence-of-disruptive-behavior-disorders-on-academic-performance-and-school-functions-of-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Chao-Yu Liu, Wei-Lieh Huang, Wei-Chih Kao, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) are associated with negative school outcomes. The study aimed to examine the impact of ADHD and ODD/CD on various school functions. 395 youths with ADHD (244 with ADHD + ODD/CD and 151 with ADHD only) and 156 controls received semi-structured psychiatric interviews. School functions were assessed and compared between each group with a multiple-level model. The results showed that youths with ADHD had poorer performance across different domains of school functioning...
February 6, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514691/examination-of-the-phenomenology-and-clinical-correlates-of-emetophobia-in-a-sample-of-salvadorian-youths
#19
Monica S Wu, Robert R Selles, Juan Carlos Novoa, Raquel Zepeda, Daniel Guttfreund, Nicole M McBride, Eric A Storch
Emetophobia is an under-researched disorder characterized by a specific fear of vomiting. There is a paucity of research on this impairing condition, with extant examinations being largely limited to adult samples and online communities. The present study examined the incidence, phenomenology, and correlates of emetophobia in 305 Salvadorian youths. Caregivers completed a battery of questionnaires regarding the youth's symptoms of emetophobia, internalizing/externalizing symptoms, health anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms...
June 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510439/temper-loss-and-persistent-irritability-in-preschoolers-implications-for-diagnosing-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-in-early-childhood
#20
Sarah E Martin, Jeffrey I Hunt, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Heather L Hunter, Maria Teresa Coutinho, John R Boekamp
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) is a new and controversial child psychiatric disorder characterized by persistent irritability and frequent temper loss. Among the controversies surrounding DMDD is whether the age of onset criterion-that DMDD may not be diagnosed before age 6 years-is justified. This study examined DMDD symptoms and associated patterns of psychiatric comorbidity, behavioral, and family functioning in a sample of 139 preschoolers (ages 4-0 to 5-11 years) admitted to an early childhood psychiatric day treatment program...
June 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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