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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322361/homelessness-mental-health-and-suicidality-among-lgbtq-youth-accessing-crisis-services
#1
Harmony Rhoades, Joshua A Rusow, David Bond, Amy Lanteigne, Anthony Fulginiti, Jeremy T Goldbach
LGBTQ youth experience increased risks of homelessness, mental health disorder symptoms, and suicidality. Utilizing data from LGBTQ youth contacting a suicide crisis services organization, this study examined: (a) rates of homelessness among crisis services users, (b) the relationship between disclosure of LGBTQ identity to parents and parental rejection and homelessness, and (c) the relationship between homelessness and mental health disorder outcomes and suicidality. A nationwide sample of LGBTQ youth was recruited for a confidential online survey from an LGBTQ-focused crisis services hotline...
January 10, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306982/persistent-and-transitory-sexualized-behavior-problems-in-children
#2
K Ensink, N Godbout, N Bigras, J Lampron, S Sabourin, L Normandin
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the course of sexualized behavior problems (SBP) over 2 years in a sample comprised of 104 children aged 2-12, including 62 children with histories of child sexual abuse (CSA). Parents completed questionnaires assessing SBP, internalizing and externalizing difficulties at baseline, as well as 2 years later. In more than half (56.7%) of children with clinically significant SBP at baseline, sexualized behaviors persisted and remained at a clinically significant level over time...
January 6, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299728/psychopharmacology-utilization-among-children-with-anxiety-and-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-following-hurricane-katrina
#3
Eric A Storch, Sean Gregory, Alison Salloum, Troy Quast
This study aimed to examine the impact of Hurricane Katrina exposure on medication utilization among children with pre-existing anxiety and obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs). Medicaid claims data from 2004 to 2006 were analyzed. Children with pre-existing anxiety/OCRDs were compared as a function of those living in a Louisiana disaster area, Louisiana non-disaster area, or Texas in terms of filled prescriptions and average days medication supply. This was further examined as a function of disorder/medication type...
January 3, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243079/should-clinicians-split-or-lump-psychiatric-symptoms-the-structure-of-psychopathology-in-two-large-pediatric-clinical-samples-from-england-and-norway
#4
Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Nada Zahreddine, Børge Mathiassen, Per Håkan Brøndbo, Emily Simonoff, Robert Goodman, Argyris Stringaris
It has been suggested that the structure of psychiatric phenomena can be reduced to a few symptom dimensions. These proposals, mainly based on epidemiological samples, may not apply to clinical populations. We tested the structure of psychiatric symptoms across two pediatric clinical samples from England (N = 8434) and Norway (N = 5866). Confirmatory factor analyses of the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) evaluated the relative fit of several models, including a first-order model, a second-order model with the widely-established broad symptom dimensions of internalizing-externalizing, and two bi-factor models capturing a general psychopathology factor...
December 14, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222620/the-link-between-anxiety-severity-and-irritability-among-anxious-youth-evaluating-the-mediating-role-of-sleep-problems
#5
Bridget Poznanski, Danielle Cornacchio, Stefany Coxe, Donna B Pincus, Dana L McMakin, Jonathan S Comer
Although recent studies have linked pediatric anxiety to irritability, research has yet to examine the mechanisms through which youth anxiety may be associated with irritability. Importantly, sleep related problems (SRPs) have been associated with both child anxiety and irritability, but research has not considered whether the link between youth anxiety and irritability may be accounted for by SRPs. The present study investigated whether SRPs mediated the relationship between anxiety severity and irritability in a large sample of treatment-seeking anxious youth (N = 435; ages 7-19 years, M = 12...
December 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214372/a-review-of-the-clinical-utility-of-systematic-behavioral-observations-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#6
Franziska Minder, Agnieszka Zuberer, Daniel Brandeis, Renate Drechsler
This review evaluates the clinical utility of tools for systematic behavioral observation in different settings for children and adolescents with ADHD. A comprehensive search yielded 135 relevant results since 1990. Observations from naturalistic settings were grouped into observations of classroom behavior (n = 58) and of social interactions (n = 25). Laboratory observations were subdivided into four contexts: independent play (n = 9), test session (n = 27), parent interaction (n = 11), and peer interaction (n = 5)...
December 6, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188403/maternal-acceptance-moderates-fear-ratings-and-avoidance-behavior-in-children
#7
Yaara Shimshoni, Wendy K Silverman, Simon P Byrne, Eli R Lebowitz
Avoidance is a hallmark feature of anxiety disorders, and avoidance-related impairment is often key to meeting diagnostic criteria. In children and adolescents with anxiety disorders, levels of avoidance vary considerably. Using a novel motion-tracking measure of avoidance behavior, we examined whether maternal acceptance, characterized by warm and accepting responses to child feelings and behaviors, moderates the association between fear of spiders and behavioral avoidance of spider stimuli in 103 clinically anxious children...
November 29, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177560/the-clinical-significance-of-informant-agreement-in-externalizing-behavior-from-age-3-to-14
#8
Isabelle Roskam
The objective of the current study was to test to what extent agreement between preschool teachers (using a questionnaire-based assessment) and clinicians (using a clinician-rated behavioral task) with regard to externalizing problems in early childhood was predictive of parent reports of children's externalizing behavior trajectory from age 3 to age 14. The prospective longitudinal study was conducted over five waves with 111 clinically referred children aged 3-5 years in wave 1. Analyses were conducted using a multilevel modeling framework...
November 25, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177988/early-life-characteristics-and-neurodevelopmental-phenotypes-in-the-mount-sinai-children-s-environmental-health-center
#9
Melissa Furlong, Amy H Herring, Barbara D Goldman, Julie L Daniels, Mary S Wolff, Lawrence S Engel, Stephanie M Engel
Neurodevelopmental outcomes including behavior, executive functioning, and IQ exhibit complex correlational structures, although they are often treated as independent in etiologic studies. We performed a principal components analysis of the behavioral assessment system for children, the behavior rating inventory of executive functioning, and the Wechsler scales of intelligence in a prospective birth cohort, and estimated associations with early life characteristics. We identified seven factors: (1) impulsivity and externalizing, (2) executive functioning, (3) internalizing, (4) perceptual reasoning, (5) adaptability, (6) processing speed, and (7) verbal intelligence...
November 24, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164351/latent-class-symptom-profiles-of-selective-mutism-identification-and-linkage-to-temperamental-and-social-constructs
#10
Rachele Diliberto, Christopher A Kearney
Selective mutism (SM) is a stable, debilitating psychiatric disorder in which a child fails to speak in most public situations. Considerable debate exists as to the typology of this population, with empirically-based studies pointing to possible dimensions of anxiety, oppositionality, and communication problems, among other aspects. Little work has juxtaposed identified symptom profiles with key temperamental and social constructs often implicated in SM. The present study examined a large, diverse, non-clinical, international sample of children aged 6-10 years with SM to empirically identify symptom profiles and to link these profiles to key aspects of temperament (i...
November 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164350/predictors-of-partial-hospital-readmission-for-young-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#11
John R Boekamp, Richard T Liu, Sarah E Martin, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Anthony Spirito
This study aimed to: (1) examine rates of readmission among young children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) following discharge from a psychiatric partial hospital treatment program, and (2) examine child factors (i.e., age, sex, co-occurring diagnoses, suicidality) and family factors (i.e., parental depression, stress) as prospective predictors of readmission. Participants were 261 children (ages 3-7 years) who entered the study at the time of their initial program admission and who met DSM-IV criteria for ODD...
November 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147839/screening-accuracy-of-the-brief-infant-toddler-social-emotional-assessment-to-identify-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-toddlers-born-at-less-than-30%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#12
Kelly M Boone, Anne K Brown, Sarah A Keim
Despite the higher prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children born preterm, valid screening tools for use in preterm populations are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the screening accuracy of the Brief Infant Toddler Social-Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) and to compare it to the Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test-II, Stage 2, Developmental Clinic Screener (PDDST-II-DCS) in identifying ASD diagnosis in toddlers born at < 30 weeks' gestation. Caregivers (94% mothers) of 555 children completed questionnaires (BITSEA, PDDST-II-DCS, socio-demographics) when the children (58% male) were 18-36 months...
November 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147838/the-reactive-proactive-aggression-questionnaire-measurement-invariance-and-reliability-among-a-school-sample-of-portuguese-youths
#13
Pedro Pechorro, Lara Ayala-Nunes, Rachel Kahn, Cristina Nunes
Aggression is an important risk factor for various forms of problem behaviors in adolescence, and research has often distinguished between reactive and proactive forms of aggression. The aim of the present study was to compare the psychometric properties (i.e., structural invariance, internal consistency, and criterion validity) of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ) between males and females among a mixed-gender school sample of 782 Portuguese youth (M = 15.87 years, SD = 1.72). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that a two-factor first-order structure obtained the best fit and cross-gender measurement invariance was demonstrated after excluding item 21...
November 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143890/paternal-anxiety-in-relation-to-toddler-anxiety-the-mediating-role-of-maternal-behavior
#14
Robert C Gibler, Anne E Kalomiris, Elizabeth J Kiel
Despite robust investigations examining the impact of maternal anxiety and parenting behaviors and child anxiety risk, less is understood about the impact of paternal anxiety and parenting behaviors on child anxiety risk, particularly within the broader family context. An Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was used to examine whether paternal anxiety longitudinally predicted child anxiety risk indirectly through maternal and paternal parenting behaviors, while controlling for maternal anxiety. Both fathers and mothers of 12- to 30-month-olds (n = 94) provided self-report of their anxiety and parenting behaviors...
November 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134545/violence-exposure-and-psychopathology-in-latino-youth-the-moderating-role-of-active-and-avoidant-coping
#15
Omar G Gudiño, Allison A Stiles, Kathleen I Diaz
Despite high rates of exposure to community violence among Latino youth in urban communities, there is considerable variability in individual outcomes. This study examined (a) associations between coping and indices of Latino culture, (b) main effects of active/avoidant coping on psychopathology, and (c) whether coping moderates the impact of violence exposure on mental health in Latino youth. Participants included 168 Latino youth (56% female; ages 11-14) that took part in a short-term longitudinal study. Results indicate that youth acculturation was positively associated with active coping, but enculturation level and immigrant status were not associated with coping...
November 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119362/intergenerational-stability-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#16
Antonio Mendoza Diaz, Sandy Overgaauw, David J Hawes, Mark R Dadds
This study investigated the stability of callous and unemotional (CU) traits across generations by assessing self-report assessments of psychopathy factors in parents and their relationship to children's CU traits in a clinical sample: 223 boys (M age = 7.65) and 83 girls (M = 7.35) referred for treatment of disruptive behavior disorders. First, we expanded previous findings showing a positive relationship between maternal psychopathy scores and CU traits in boys. Second, we tested whether parental psychopathy scores predicted CU traits in children over and above general indicators of mental health risk: parental psychopathology, parental warmth, and harsh parenting...
November 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421318/mental-health-care-use-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#17
A Plass-Christl, F Klasen, C Otto, C Barkmann, H Hölling, Toni Klein, S Wiegand-Grefe, M Schulte-Markwort, U Ravens-Sieberer
Whether parental mental health problems facilitate or hinder the use of mental health care of the parents´ children is still unclear. The present cross sectional study examined mental health care use and potential predictors in a population based sample. Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) were nearly 5 times more likely to use mental health care compared to children of parents without mental health problems. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the most important predictors of mental health care use for CPM were active family life (OR = 2...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389842/a-multi-informant-examination-of-maternal-symptoms-and-autonomy-granting-in-youth-anxiety
#18
Chiaying Wei, Anna J Swan, Heather B Makover, Philip C Kendall
Evidence suggests the important role of (a) parenting behaviors and (b) parental psychopathology in the development and maintenance of youth anxiety. Using a multi-informant approach, the current study examined the association of maternal autonomy granting and maternal symptoms (i.e., anxiety and depression) with youth anxiety among mothers and 88 youth (ages of 6-17) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder. Results from the generalized estimating equations (GEE) analyses indicated that mothers reported higher youth anxiety symptoms compared to youth self-reports...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315981/the-development-of-severe-and-chronic-violence-among-youth-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-and-reward-processing
#19
Dennis E Reidy, Elizabeth Krusemark, David S Kosson, Megan C Kearns, Joanne Smith-Darden, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathic traits are a manifestation of a personality pathology that comprises a core affective-interpersonal dysfunction (callous-unemotional traits) and an impulsive-antisocial behavioral component. Of particular importance, psychopathic traits are associated with the perpetration of some of the most severe acts of violence, and they appear to indicate a subset of youth at risk for earlier onset, greater frequency, and persistence of violent offending. Although these youth represent a minority of the population, they commit a significant proportion of the violence in the general community...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315109/mental-health-visits-examining-socio-demographic-and-diagnosis-trends-in-the-emergency-department-by-the-pediatric-population
#20
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Christian Ochonma
The emergency department (ED) is increasingly being used for mental health visits by children and adolescents. It is estimated that 21-23% of youth have a diagnosable psychiatric or substance use disorder. Using data from the ED of a tertiary medical center, we examined trends in mental health diagnoses over a 5-year period. In school age children the most prevalent diagnoses were anxiety disorders (28.4%); disorders first usually diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence (26.5%), and mood disorders (18...
December 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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