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Omega

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198653/psychological-flexibility-and-resilience-in-parentally-bereaved-college-students
#1
Amy R Murrell, Ryeshia Jackson, Ethan G Lester, Teresa Hulsey
Losing a parent prior to age 18 years can have life-long implications. The challenges of emerging adulthood may be even more difficult for parentally bereaved college students, and studying their coping responses is crucial for designing campus services and therapy interventions. This study examined the relationships between bereavement-related distress, experiential avoidance (EA), values, and resilience. Findings indicated that EA and low importance of values were correlated with bereavement difficulties, with EA accounting for 26% of the variance in the bereavement distress measure...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198652/emerging-adults-experiences-of-grandparent-death
#2
Margaret M Manoogian, Juliana Vandenbroeke, Amy Ringering, Tamina Toray, Eric Cooley
This qualitative study examined the experience of grandparent death among 74 emerging adults enrolled in college. Guided by the life course perspective, the authors specifically explored (a) participant responses to the death, (b) how family systems were influenced by the loss of the grandparent, and (c) how grandparent death motivated life course transitions for emerging adults. The findings suggest that the death trajectory, level of attachment, the role the grandchild played in the family, as well as the coping style utilized affected participants' grief processes...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195511/changes-in-postmortem-identity-and-grief
#3
Kenneth J Doka
This article reviews the concept of postmortem identity, noting its relationships to other concepts such as relational trauma. Identity is a very fluid concept that can change even after an individual's death as new information becomes available or even as social values change. Such modifications of postmortem identity can affect the course of bereavement-complication reactions to loss.
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195510/health-professionals-explanations-of-suicidal-behaviour
#4
Inês Areal Rothes, Margarida Rangel Henriques
In a help relation with a suicidal person, the theoretical models of suicidality can be essential to guide the health professional's comprehension of the client/patient. The objectives of this study were to identify health professionals' explanations of suicidal behaviors and to study the effects of professional group, theoretical intervention models, and patient suicide experience in professionals' representations. Two hundred and forty-two health professionals filled out a self-report questionnaire. Exploratory principal components analysis was used...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186462/posttraumatic-growth-following-the-loss-of-a-pet
#5
Cori Bussolari, Janice Habarth, Satoko Kimpara, Rachel Katz, France Carlos, Amy Chow, Hisao Osada, Yukiko Osada, Betty J Carmack, Nigel P Field, Wendy Packman
The current study examined Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) experienced by bereaved pet owners in the United States, French-Canada, Japan, and Hong Kong following the death of their pet. Using qualitative methodology, we analyzed responses of participants who answered "yes" to a question about experiencing PTG and explored to what extent the cross-cultural responses mapped onto the five factors of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). For the U.S. sample, 58% of responses mapped onto the PTGI. For French-Canada, 72% of responses mapped onto the PTGI...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178866/a-sociocultural-approach-to-children-s-perceptions-of-death-and-loss
#6
Sungeun Yang, Soyeon Park
By employing the phenomenographic approach, the present study explored children's cognitive understanding of and emotional responses to death and bereavement. Participants included 52 Korean, 16 Chinese, and 16 Chinese American children ages 5-6. Thematic analysis of children's drawings and open-ended interviews revealed that most children associated death with negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, and sadness. The majority of children used realistic expressions to narrate death. The core themes from their drawings included causes for death, attempts to stop the dying, and situations after death...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178865/kosminsky-p-s-jordan-j-j-2016-attachment-informed-grief-therapy-the-clinician-s-guide-to-foundations-and-applications-kosminsky-p-s-jordan-j-j-2016-attachment-informed-grief-therapy-the-clinician-s-guide-to-foundations-and-applications-new-york-ny-routledge
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142319/predicting-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-advance-care-planning-using-the-integrated-behavioral-model
#8
Colette A McAfee, Timothy R Jordan, Jiunn-Jye J J Sheu, Joseph A Dake, Barbara A Kopp Miller
Purpose To explain and predict racial or ethnic disparities in advance care planning (ACP) behaviors among American adults by using the Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) and the Precaution Adoption Process Model. Methods A randomized, observational, nonexperimental, cross-sectional study design was used to survey American adults between 40 and 80 years of age ( n = 386). Results The majority of respondents (75%) had not completed ACP. Significant differences were found by race or ethnicity: 33% of Whites had completed ACP versus Hispanics (18%) and Blacks (8%)...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120628/same-sex-partner-bereavement
#9
Lefteris Patlamazoglou, Janette G Simmonds, Tristan L Snell
The experience of same-sex-attracted people who have lost a partner is neglected in the existing literature on bereavement. Previous research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer and questioning (LGBTIQ) populations tends to focus on the loss of a partner to HIV-related causes, and there is scant research concerning non-HIV-related bereavement. The purpose of this article is to investigate the non-HIV-related bereavement experiences of same-sex partners and to address the potential complications of disenfranchised grief...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118779/martyrs-never-die
#10
Julie Alev Dilmaç
The new technologies have changed the rituals related to death: Creation of memorial webpages and of virtual tombs, celebration of death anniversaries are now common currency on the Internet. In spite of their disappearance among the living, the deceased continue to exist on the Web. They still receive messages from their relatives but also from strangers and are at the heart of discussions, prolonging their presence. New technologies have led to a new concept of time and of "where life ends." Through the analysis of Facebook's accounts devoted to Turkish martyrs, this article aimed to describe the new funeral rituals seen on the Internet...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114874/indian-nurses-attitudes-toward-euthanasia
#11
P Vijayalakshmi, Nagarajaiah, P Dharma Reddy, B M Suresh
The debate about euthanasia continues worldwide, with nurses' attitudes becoming increasingly more important. The aim of this study is to investigate gender differences among nurses' perceptions of attitudes toward euthanasia. A nonprobability quantitative, cross-sectional design was carried out among nurses working at a tertiary care center. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires at their work place. Significant differences were found between men and women to the items such as "Fear of death shows differences due to religious beliefs" (χ(2 )= 10...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110626/turning-to-waheguru-religious-and-cultural-coping-mechanisms-of-bereaved-sikhs
#12
Muninder Kaur Ahluwalia, Raman Kaur Mohabir
Grief and loss are universal experiences for all individuals and communities. The experience of a loss due to death and the bereavement process to follow are influenced by an individual's religious values and beliefs. In this article, we discuss the Sikh bereavement process in the United States. We provide brief personal narratives as exemplar case studies, highlight religious and cultural factors, and explain potential challenges of bereavement. Finally, we discuss implications for mental health clinicians and other providers of services that surround death and dying...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092211/spanish-adaptation-of-the-frommelt-attitude-toward-care-of-the-dying-scale-fatcod-s-in-nursing-undergraduates
#13
Montserrat Edo-Gual, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Juana Gómez-Benito, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Amor Aradilla-Herrero
The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) is designed to assess the attitudes of professionals and trainees toward caring for the dying patient and their family members. In this study the main aim is to adapt the FATCOD to a Spanish context (FATCOD-S). In addition, the relations between FATCOD-S, sociodemographic variables, emotional intelligence, and death attitudes have been analyzed. A sample of 669 Spanish nursing students from four Universities responded to a questionnaire. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA) concludes a structure composed of two significant factors...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077011/mourning-and-grief-on-facebook
#14
Erin Willis, Patrick Ferrucci
Facebook not only changed the way we communicate but also the way we mourn and express grief. The social networking site allows users to interact with deceased users' walls after death. This study utilized textual analysis to categorize Facebook posts ( N = 122) on 30 deceased users' walls according to uses and gratifications theory. Most posts were found to be motivated by entertainment, followed by integration and social interaction. Facebook users posted memories, condolences, and interacted with friends and family members in the deceased user's network...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068872/-i-thought-they-should-know%C3%A2-that-daddy-is-not-completely-gone
#15
Edith Steffen, Adrian Coyle
This study aimed to explore the experiences, responses, and conceptualizations of sense of presence experiences in bereavement in terms of family meaning-making. A case study framework was chosen, using group and individual interviews and ethnographically derived observations in a father-bereaved family in the south of England. Interview data were analyzed by applying both phenomenological and social constructionist perspectives to the same data set. It was observed that there was a division between the mother, who had derived much personal benefit from sense of presence experiences, and the children, who dismissed the experiences as incompatible with their own worldviews and how they made sense of their father's death...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056621/a-review-of-psychometrically-tested-instruments-assessing-suicide-risk-in-adults
#16
Elizabeth Kreuze, Dorian A Lamis
OBJECTIVE: Identify suicidal ideation and behavior screening instruments with the strongest psychometric properties, using the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior. METHODS: Information databases PsycINFO and PubMed were systematically searched, and articles evaluating the psychometric properties of instruments assessing suicidal ideation and behavior ( n = 2,238) were reviewed. International populations and articles with diverse methodologies were integrated...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038509/engaging-college-undergraduates-in-advance-care-planning
#17
Sara Sanders, Erin L Robinson
Advance care planning (ACP) is a critical part of long-term health-care planning, as no one knows when the ability to make personal medical decisions may be impaired. Many assume ACP is only necessary for older adults or those with life-threatening health conditions; however, there are growing discussions about healthy, young adults also engaging in ACP, as they too suffer from unexpected medical events that limit their ability to make medical decisions. The current study examined the reactions of college students following the completion of their advance care plans and then sharing these plans with friends and family...
February 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038508/a-new-state-of-being
#18
Christine Yvonne Denhup
In spite of growing bereavement literature, the meaning of the lived experience of parental bereavement is not well understood. This article presents selected findings from a Heideggerian hermeneutic phenomenological study which aimed to describe the lived experience of bereaved parents who experienced the death of a child due to cancer. Conversational interviews were conducted with six parents who experienced the death of a young child due to cancer at least one year prior to participation. The nature of parental bereavement was revealed to be a new state of being into which parents enter immediately after the death of a child and which has no end point...
February 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038507/religiosity-is-a-protective-factor-for-suicidal-ideation-in-european-american-students-but-not-in-african-american-students
#19
David Lester, Rheeda L Walker
In a sample of 419 college students, intrinsic religiosity scores, but not extrinsic religiosity scores, contributed significantly to the prediction of current suicidal ideation. Religiosity was a protective factor for suicidal ideation in women but not in men and in European American students but not in African American students. The assessment of suicidal risk, therefore, may require different sets of scales depending on the sex and ethnicity of the client.
February 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038506/the-concept-of-death-and-the-growth-of-death-awareness-among-university-students-in-hong-kong
#20
Wai-Ying Wong
This study examined the concept of and attitudes toward death of university students and evaluated the efficacy of the death education courses offered by different universities in Hong Kong. The study adopted a pretreatment and posttreatment comparison approach in assessing the efficacy of the courses. The same set of instruments, Death Attitude Profile-Revised and Semantic Differential Ratings of Life and Death, measuring students' views of and attitudes toward death were administered to the students twice, once at the start of the courses and another at the end...
February 2017: Omega
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