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Biochimie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943303/human-mmaa-induces-the-release-of-inactive-cofactor-and-restores-methylmalonyl-coa-mutase-activity-through-their-complex-formation
#1
Toshiko Takahashi-Iñiguez, Alfonso González-Noriega, Colette Michalak, María Elena Flores
Human mitochondrial methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (hMCM) is an isomerase that converts methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA, a crucial step for the incorporation of some compounds derived from the diet into the central metabolism. hMCM employs highly reactive radicals from its cofactor (adenosylcobalamin, AdoCbl) to perform its reaction. Our previous work demonstrated that hMCM loses activity during catalysis and that the interaction with human MMAA (hMMAA), a GTPase protein, avoided this loss or restored hMCM activity...
September 21, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943302/properties-of-two-laccases-from-the-trametes-hirsuta-072-multigene-family-twins-with-different-faces
#2
Olga S Savinova, Konstantin V Moiseenko, Ekaterina A Vavilova, Tatiana V Tyazhelova, Daria V Vasina
Utilization of laccases in biotechnology and bioremediation has created a strong demand for the characterization of new enzymes and an increase in production of known laccases. Thus, additional research into these enzymes is critically needed. In this study, we report a comparative study of the biochemical and transcriptional properties of two different laccase isozymes from Trametes hirsuta 072 - the constitutive and inducible forms. A recombinant LacC enzyme was expressed in Penicillium canescens to characterize its properties...
September 21, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942054/clearcoli-bl21-de3-based-expression-of-zika-virus-antigens-illustrates-a-rapid-method-of-antibody-production-against-emerging-pathogens
#3
Wildriss Viranaicken, Brice Nativel, Pascale Krejbich-Trotot, Wissal Harrabi, Sandra Bos, Chaker El Kalamouni, Marjolaine Roche, Gilles Gadea, Philippe Desprès
Available rapid, simple and accurate methods for detection and diagnosis of emerging viral diseases are required. Recently, there was an urgent need for specific antibodies against mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV), which is an emerging zoonotic disease of medical concern in different regions of the world. Here, we showed that overexpression of ZIKV antigens in ClearColi BL21(DE3), a bacteria strain expressing a non-endotoxic form of LPS, is suitable for the production of specific ZIKV antisera. Two major ZIKV antigenic domains, the domain III from envelope E glycoprotein, which brings the virus-specific epitopes, and the N-terminal region of nonstructural NS1 glycoprotein, which is responsible for pathophysiological conditions, were overexpressed in ClearColi BL21(DE3)...
September 20, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935443/complex-formation-with-protamine-prolongs-the-thrombin-inhibiting-effect-of-dna-aptamer-in-vivo
#4
V A Spiridonova, T M Novikova, D M Nikulina, T A Shishkina, E V Golubkina, O S Dyukareva, N N Trizno
Antithrombin DNA aptamersRE31 are single-chain oligonucleotides that fold into three-dimensional forms allowing them to bind the enzyme with high affinity and inhibit its activity in vivo. They are rapidly degraded by a nonspecific nuclease, and, to prolong the lifetime of the aptamer DNA in the bloodstream, it is necessary to coat it with a polymer envelope. A new approach to solving this problem based on preparation of DNA-polyelectrolyte complexes with a minimal particle size that can circulate with blood flow...
September 18, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919578/selectin-independent-adhesion-during-ovarian-cancer-metastasis
#5
Nadezhda A Khaustova, Diana V Maltseva, Leticia Oliveira-Ferrer, Christine Stürken, Karin Milde-Langosch, Julia A Makarova, Sergey Rodin, Udo Schumacher, Alexander G Tonevitsky
PURPOSE: Ovarian cancer (OvCa) progression mainly takes place by intraperitoneal spread. Adhesion of tumor cells to the mesothelial cells which form the inner surface of the peritoneum is a crucial step in this process. Cancer cells use in principle different molecules of the leukocyte adhesion cascade to facilitate adhesion. This cascade is initiated by selectin-ligand interactions followed by integrin - extracellular matrix protein interactions. Here we address the question whether all tumor cells predominantly employ selectin-dependent leukocyte-like adhesion cascade (SDAC) or whether they use integrin mediated adhesion for OvCa progression as well...
September 14, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919577/some-properties-of-three-%C3%AE-b-crystallin-mutants-carrying-point-substitutions-in-the-c-terminal-domain-and-associated-with-congenital-diseases
#6
Evgenia S Gerasimovich, Sergei V Strelkov, Nikolai B Gusev
Physico-chemical properties of G154S, R157H and A171T mutants of αB-crystallin (HspB5) associated with congenital human diseases including certain myopathies and cataract were investigated. Oligomers formed by G154S and A171T mutants have the size and apparent molecular weight indistinguishable from those of the wild-type HspB5, whereas the size of oligomers formed by R157H mutant is slightly smaller. All mutants are less thermostable and start to aggregate at a lower temperature than the wild-type protein...
September 14, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918334/inner-mechanism-of-protection-of-mitochondrial-electron-transfer-proteins-against-oxidative-damage-focus-on-hydrogen-peroxide-decomposition
#7
Erik Sedlak, Andrej Musatov
It is generally recognized that the mitochondria are the major source of reactive oxygen species including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Although the local concentration of H2O2 near the electron-transfer chain is potentially quite high, the chain's components are rarely found to be significantly damaged by H2O2. Our experimental data, as well as the data published by others, suggest that mitochondrial electron-transfer proteins, which are in the first line to be harmed by ROS, are well prepared to defend themselves...
September 13, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916151/dna-aptamer-generation-by-exselex-using-genetic-alphabet-expansion-with-a-mini-hairpin-dna-stabilization-method
#8
REVIEW
Ichiro Hirao, Michiko Kimoto, Kyung Hyun Lee
A novel aptamer generation method to greatly augment the affinity and stability of DNA aptamers was developed by genetic alphabet expansion combined with mini-hairpin DNA technology. The genetic alphabet expansion increases the physicochemical and structural diversities of DNA aptamers by introducing extra components, unnatural bases, as a fifth base, allowing for the enhancement of DNA aptamer affinities. Furthermore, the mini-hairpin DNA technology stabilizes DNA aptamers against nuclease digestion and thermal denaturation, by introducing an extraordinarily stable mini-hairpin DNA containing a GCGAAGC sequence...
September 13, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912095/globularifolin-exerts-anticancer-effects-on-glioma-u87%C3%A2-cells-through-inhibition-of-akt-mtor-and-mek-erk-signaling-pathways-in-vitro-and-inhibits-tumor-growth-in-vivo
#9
Yunhu Yu, Xiaohong Fu, Qishan Ran, Kaihua Yang, Yuanchao Wen, Hang Li, Fei Wang
Gliomas are the most recurrently occurring primary malignancies in the central nervous system. Despite surgical interventions, chemo- and radiotherapy, the results are unfortunately poor. Therefore, there is pressing need to explore more effective and efficient treatment options for treatment of glioma. In the present study we determined the anticancer potential of globularifolin against human glioma U87 cell line and human astrocytes. The results showed that globularifolin exhibits an IC50 value of 7.5 μM against glioma U87 cells as against the IC50 of 65 μM against human astrocytes...
September 11, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912094/selection-of-pd1-pd-l1-x-aptamers
#10
Hongyu Wang, Curtis H Lam, Xin Li, Derek L West, Xianbin Yang
Specific, chemically modified aptamers (X-Aptamers) were identified against two immune checkpoint proteins, recombinant Programmed Death 1 (PD-1) and Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1). Selections were performed using a bead-based X-Aptamer (XA) library containing several different amino acid functional groups attached to dU at the 5-position. The binding affinities and specificities of the selected XA-PD1 and XA-PDL1 were validated by hPD-1 and hPD-L1 expression cells, as well as by binding to human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue...
September 11, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912093/lentiviral-gene-delivery-to-plasmolipin-expressing-cells-using-mus-caroli-endogenous-retrovirus-envelope-protein
#11
REVIEW
M M Prokofjeva, G M Proshkina, T D Lebedev, A A Shulgin, P V Spirin, V S Prassolov, S M Deyev
Gene therapy is a promising method for treating malignant diseases. One of the main problems is target delivery of therapeutic genes. Here we show that lentiviral vector particles pseudotyped with Mus caroli endogenous retrovirus (McERV) envelope protein can be used for selective transduction of PLLP-expressing cells. As a therapeutic gene in McERV-pseudotyped vector particles we used miniSOG encoding the cytotoxic FMN-binding protein, which can generate reactive oxygen species under illumination. Significant cytotoxic effect (up to 80% of dead cells in population) was observed in PLLP-expressing cells transduced with McERV-pseudotyped vector particles and subjected to illumination...
September 11, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890387/peptides-derived-from-transcription-factor-eb-bind-to-calcineurin-at-a-similar-region-as-the-nfat-type-motif
#12
Ruiwen Song, Jing Li, Jin Zhang, Lu Wang, Li Tong, Ping Wang, Huan Yang, Qun Wei, Huaibin Cai, Jing Luo
Calcineurin (CN) is involved in many physiological processes and interacts with multiple substrates. Most of the substrates contain similar motifs recognized by CN. Recent studies revealed a new CN substrate, transcription factor EB (TFEB), which is involved in autophagy. We showed that a 15-mer QSYLENPTSYHLQQS peptide from TFEB (TFEB-YLENP) bound to CN. When the TFEB-YLENP peptide was changed to YLAVP, its affinity for CN increased and it had stronger CN inhibitory activity. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the TFEB-YLENP peptide has the same docking sites in CN as the 15-mer DQYLAVPQHPYQWAK motif of the nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1-YLAVP)...
September 7, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890386/co-targeting-c-met-and-dna-double-strand-breaks-dsbs-therapeutic-strategies-in-brca-mutated-gastric-carcinomas
#13
REVIEW
Chrysovalantou Mihailidou, Michalis V Karamouzis, Dimitrios Schizas, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
Gastric cancer (GC) is a threatening malignancy characterized by heterogeneity. Current therapies use DNA damaging agents, for example, chemotherapeutic agents and ionizing radiation (IR). However, a significant portion of GC patients develops therapeutic resistance to DNA damage response (DDR) - inducing agents. An important mechanism is the stimulation of the c-MET RTK, which is a tyrosine kinase receptor and its ligand hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which facilitates cell survival by boosting DNA damage repair pathways and via escaping cell cycle arrest...
September 7, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882627/selection-and-characterization-of-dna-aptamers-for-detection-of-glutamate-dehydrogenase-from-clostridium-difficile
#14
Meng Liu, Qingxin Yin, John D Brennan, Yingfu Li
Rapid and accurate diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) is crucial for patient treatment, infection control and epidemiological monitoring. As an important antigen, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) has been proposed as a preliminary screening test target for CDI. However, current assays based on GDH activity or GDH immunoassays have suboptimal sensitivity and specificity. Herein, we described the selection and characterization of single-stranded DNA aptamers that specifically targeted GDH. After 10 rounds of selection, high-throughput sequencing was used to identify enriched aptamer candidates...
September 4, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843613/evolution-of-inhibitor-resistant-natural-mutant-forms-of-hiv-1-protease-probed-by-pre-steady-state-kinetic-analysis
#15
Maria Yu Zakharova, Alexandra A Kuznetsova, Elena N Kaliberda, Maria A Dronina, Alexander V Kolesnikov, Arina V Kozyr, Ivan V Smirnov, Lev D Rumsh, Olga S Fedorova, Dmitry G Knorre, Alexander G Gabibov, Nikita A Kuznetsov
Pre-steady state kinetic analysis of mechanistic features of substrate binding and processing is crucial for insight into the evolution of inhibitor-resistant forms of HIV-1 protease. These data may provide a correct vector for rational drug design assuming possible intrinsic dynamic effects. These data should also give some clues to the molecular mechanism of protease action and resistance to inhibitors. Here we report pre-steady state kinetics of the interaction of wild type or mutant forms of HIV-1 protease with a FRET-labeled peptide...
August 23, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843612/genomic-regulation-of-type-2-diabetes-endophenotypes-contribution-from-genetic-studies-in-the-goto-kakizaki-rat
#16
REVIEW
Marie-Thérèse Bihoreau, Marc-Emmanuel Dumas, Mark Lathrop, Dominique Gauguier
The inbred Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat strain is a unique model of spontaneous type 2 diabetes mellitus caused by naturally occurring genetic variants that have been selectively isolated from an outbred colony of Wistar rats. Genetic and genomic studies that we designed with Alain Ktorza in experimental crosses and congenic strains of the GK have shed light on the complex etiopathogenesis of diabetes phenotypes in this model. Diabetes-related phenotypes in the GK are under polygenic control and distinct genetic loci regulate glucose tolerance, insulin secretion, β-cell mass and plasma lipids...
August 23, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842204/role-of-cardiolipin-in-stability-of-integral-membrane-proteins
#17
REVIEW
Andrej Musatov, Erik Sedlák
Cardiolipin (CL) is a unique phospholipid with a dimeric structure having four acyl chains and two phosphate groups found almost exclusively in certain membranes of bacteria and of mitochondria of eukaryotes. CL interacts with numerous proteins and has been implicated in function and stabilization of several integral membrane proteins (IMPs). While both functional and stabilization roles of CL in IMPs has been generally acknowledged, there are, in fact, only limited number of quantitative analysis that support this function of CL...
August 23, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838608/development-of-a-thermal-stable-structure-switching-cocaine-binding-aptamer
#18
Aron A Shoara, Oren Reinstein, Okty Abbasi Borhani, Taylor R Martin, Sladjana Slavkovic, Zachary R Churcher, Philip E Johnson
We have developed a new cocaine-binding aptamer variant that has a significantly higher melt temperature when bound to a ligand than the currently used sequence. Retained in this new construct is the ligand-induced structure-switching binding mechanism that is important in biosensing applications of the cocaine-binding aptamer. Isothermal titration calorimetry methods show that the binding affinity of this new sequence is slightly tighter than the existing cocaine-binding aptamer. The improved thermal performance, a Tm increase of 4 °C for the cocaine-bound aptamer and 9 °C for the quinine-bound aptamer, was achieved by optimizing the DNA sequence in stem 2 of the aptamer to have the highest stability based on the nearest neighbor thermodynamic parameters and confirmed by UV and fluorescence spectroscopy...
August 21, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838607/structural-and-biochemical-characterization-of-ligand-recognition-by-cysb-the-master-regulator-of-sulfate-metabolism
#19
Monica Mittal, Appu Kumar Singh, S Kumaran
CysB, a member of LysR-type transcriptional regulators, up-regulates the expression of genes associated with sulfate metabolism and cysteine biosynthesis. CysB is activated under sulfur limiting conditions by O-acetylserine (OAS) and N-acetylserine (NAS), but the activation mechanism of CysB remain unknown. Here, we report four crystal structures of ligand binding domains of CysB (CysB-LBD) in apo form and in complex with sulfate, OAS, and NAS. Our results show that CysB has two distinct allosteric ligand binding sites; a sulfate and NAS specific site-1 and a second, NAS and OAS specific site-2...
August 21, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830710/microbe-and-host-lipids
#20
EDITORIAL
Jérôme Nigou, Lhousseine Touqui, Michel Record
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Biochimie
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