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Biochimie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133118/functional-characterization-of-a-serine-protease-inhibitor-modulated-in-the-infection-of-the-aedes-aegypti-with-dengue-virus
#1
Tatiane Sanches Soares, Boris Luis Rodriguez Gonzalez, Ricardo José Soares Torquato, Francisco Jose Alves Lemos, André L Costa-da-Silva, Margareth de Lara Capurro Guimarães, Aparecida Sadae Tanaka
During feeding with blood meal, female Aedes aegypti can transmit infectious agents, such as dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya and Zika viruses. Dengue virus causes human mortality in tropical regions of the world, and there is no specific treatment or vaccine with maximum efficiency being used for these infections. In the vector-virus interaction, the production of several molecules is modulated by both mosquitoes and invading agents. However, little information is available about these molecules in the Ae...
November 10, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133117/application-of-mixed-peptide-arrays-to-study-combinatorial-readout-of-chromatin-modifications
#2
Rebekka Mauser, Goran Kungulovski, David Meral, Daniel Maisch, Albert Jeltsch
The N-terminal tails of histone proteins are massively decorated with post-translational modifications (PTMs), which play important roles in the regulation of gene expression. Several highly conserved chromatin interacting proteins can bind to histone modifications in a sequence and modification specific manner employing specific reading domains. These proteins often contain several reading domains, which can cooperate in the readout of different PTMs. To gain a better insight into the combinatorial readout of PTMs, we developed a method to study the binding of double reading domains to mixed peptide arrays containing two different peptides in each spot...
November 10, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133116/physiology-and-biochemistry-of-type-2-diabetes-a-tribute-to-alain-ktorza
#3
EDITORIAL
Luc Pénicaud, Christophe Magnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133115/structural-features-of-the-interaction-of-the-3-untranslated-region-of-mrna-containing-exosomal-rna-specific-motifs-with-yb-1-a-potential-mediator-of-mrna-sorting
#4
Darya D Yanshina, Olga A Kossinova, Alexander V Gopanenko, Olga A Krasheninina, Alexey A Malygin, Alia G Ven'yaminova, Galina G Karpova
We have previously shown that YB-1 is the only protein of the HEK293 cell cytoplasmic (S100) extract that specifically interacts with RNA hairpins each containing one of the motifs ACCAGCCU (1), CAGUGAGC (2) and UAAUCCCA (3), which had been identified as often found in exosomal RNA and proposed as potential cis-acting elements targeting RNAs into exosomes. Here we explored the interactions of YB-1 with a fragment of the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of septin 14 mRNA (SEPT14 RNA), which contains all three motifs...
November 10, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129745/fluorescent-light-up-acridine-orange-derivatives-bind-and-stabilize-kras-22rt-g-quadruplex
#5
Josué Carvalho, Edgar Pereira, Julien Marquevielle, Maria P C Campello, Jean-Louis Mergny, António Paulo, Gilmar F Salgado, João A Queiroz, Carla Cruz
KRAS is often found mutated in lethal cancers and should be an important target for anticancer drug development. However, no effective inhibitor has been reported so far, prompting the scientific community to describe the RAS proteins as nearly "undruggable". Recent approaches developed to modulate KRAS protein expression comprises the targeting of G-quadruplex (G4) structures formed within the nuclease hypersensitive element of KRAS promoter region, by designing small and specific ligands to stabilize the tertiary fold and reduce gene expression...
November 9, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129744/upregulation-of-aquaporin-3-expression-by-diterpenoids-in-euphorbia-pekinensis-is-associated-with-activation-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-the-co-culture-system-of-ht-29-and-raw-264-7%C3%A2-cells
#6
Hongli Yu, Lian Liu, Kuilong Wang, Hao Wu, Wei Wang, Xingde Zhang, Guojing Cui, Xiaobing Cui, Jianyu Huang
This study was designed to evaluate the toxic effects of diterpenoids separated from the roots of Euphorbia pekinensis, a type of widely used traditional Chinese medicine. This herb has intestinal toxicity associated with its complex diterpenoids. In this study, the diterpenoids (pekinenin A, pekinenin C, pekinenin F, pekinenin G, yuexiandajisu A, (-)-(1S)-15-hydroxy-18-carboxycembrene) elevated the expression of interleukin 1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha in a dose-dependent manner at doses of 6.25, 12...
November 9, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129743/comprehensive-identification-of-proteins-binding-to-rna-g-quadruplex-motifs-in-the-5-utr-of-tumor-associated-mrnas
#7
Tatsuo Serikawa, Christos Spanos, Annekathrin von Hacht, Nediljko Budisa, Juri Rappsilber, Jens Kurreck
G-quadruplex structures in the 5' UTR of mRNAs are widely considered to suppress translation without affecting transcription. The current study describes the comprehensive analysis of proteins binding to four different G-quadruplex motifs located in mRNAs of the cancer-related genes Bcl-2, NRAS, MMP16, and ARPC2. Following metabolic labeling (Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino acids in Cell culture, SILAC) of proteins in the human cell line HEK293, G-quadruplex binding proteins were enriched by pull-down assays and identified by LC-orbitrap mass spectrometry...
November 9, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129742/the-sequence-preference-of-dna-cleavage-by-t4-endonuclease-vii
#8
Megan E Hardie, Vincent Murray
The enzyme T4 endonuclease VII is a resolvase that acts on branched DNA intermediates during genetic recombination, by cleaving DNA with staggered cuts approximately 3-6 bp apart. In this paper, we investigated the sequence preference of this cleavage reaction utilising two different DNA sequences. For the first time, the DNA sequence preference of T4 endonuclease VII cleavage sites has been examined without the presence of a known DNA substrate to mask any inherent nucleotide preference. The use of the ABI3730 platform enables the cleavage site to be determined at nucleotide resolution...
November 9, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104137/alkaline-tolerant-rna-aptamers-useful-to-purify-acid-sensitive-antibodies-in-neutral-conditions
#9
Emire Inomata, Erika Tashiro, Shin Miyakawa, Yoshikazu Nakamura, Kazumasa Akita
Recently, several oligonucleotides have been launched for clinical use and a number of therapeutic oligonucleotides are under clinical trials. Aptamer is one of the oligonucleotide therapeutics and has received a lot of attention as a new technology and an efficacious pharmaceutical compound comparable to antibody. Aptamer could be used for various purposes, not only therapeutics but also diagnostics, and applicable to affinity chromatography as a carrier molecule to purify proteins of interest. Here we demonstrate the usage and advantages of RNA aptamer to Fc region of human IgG (i...
November 2, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104136/nucleic-acid-aptamers-for-neurodegenerative-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Alix Bouvier-Müller, Frédéric Ducongé
The increased incidence of neurodegenerative diseases represents a huge challenge for societies. These diseases are characterized by neuronal death and include several different pathologies, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Most of these pathologies are often associated with the aggregation of misfolded proteins, such as amyloid-ß, tau, α-synuclein, huntingtin and prion proteins. However, the precise mechanisms that lead to neuronal dysfunction and death in these diseases remain poorly understood...
November 2, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097281/steatosis-and-nash-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
Mengyue Hu, Franck Phan, Olivier Bourron, Pascal Ferré, Fabienne Foufelle
Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the world, encompassing various conditions ranging from simple steatosis, steatohepatitis, to fibrosis and cirrhosis. The association between NAFLD and Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is strong and complex, given that the prevalence of NAFLD is particularly high in individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. In fact, insulin resistance occurring in this metabolic disease can promote NAFLD development, and vice versa, NAFLD can enhance insulin resistance...
October 31, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097284/mechanism-of-radioprotection-by-dihydroxy-1-selenolane-dhs-effect-of-fatty-acid-conjugation-and-role-of-glutathione-peroxidase-gpx
#12
Prachi Verma, Amit Kunwar, Kenta Arai, Michio Iwaoka, K Indira Priyadarsini
Dihydroxy-1-selenolane (DHS) previously reported to exhibit radioprotective activity was investigated to understand its mechanism of action in CHO cells of epithelial origin. DHS pre-treatment at 25 μM for 16 h significantly protected CHO cells from radiation (4-11 Gy)-induced delayed mitotic cell death. Further to examine, how increased cellular uptake can influence this mechanism, studies have been performed with DHS-C6, a lipophilic conjugate of DHS. Accordingly CHO cells pre-treated with DHS-C6, showed increased survival against radiation exposure...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097283/biomolecular-engineering-of-biocatalysts-hydrolyzing-neurotoxic-organophosphates
#13
Ilya V Lyagin, Elena N Efremenko
Novel methods of molecular modeling help solving urgent problems in drug design, directed evolution of biocatalysts and biosensors, and a lot of other research fields. Implementation of such methods to organophosphorus hydrolase being perfect research object that hydrolyzes dangerous neurotoxic organophosphates could intensify development of antidote and protective preparations to treat poisoning. Structures of enzyme-polyelectrolyte complexes (EPCs) based on hexahistidine-tagged organophosphorus hydrolase (His6-OPH) with different biopolymers (various modifications of polyglutamic and polyaspartic acid, as well as hydroxyethyl starch and succinylated gelatin) were simulated at different pH using molecular docking...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097282/isolation-of-carboxylesterase-esterase-fe4-from-apis-cerana-cerana-and-its-role-in-oxidative-resistance-during-adverse-environmental-stress
#14
Manli Ma, Haihong Jia, Xuepei Cui, Na Zhai, Hongfang Wang, Xingqi Guo, Baohua Xu
Carboxylesterases (CarEs) play vital roles in metabolising different physiologically important endogenous compounds and in detoxifying various harmful exogenous compounds in insects. Multiple studies of CarEs have focused on pesticide metabolism in insects, while few studies have aimed to identify CarE functions in oxidative resistance, particularly in Apis cerana cerana. In this study, we isolated a carboxylesterase gene, esterase FE4, from Apis cerana cerana and designated it towards an exploration of its roles as an antioxidant and in detoxification...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097280/analysis-of-the-biosynthetic-process-of-fatty-acids-in-thraustochytrium
#15
Xianming Zhao, Xiao Qiu
Thraustochytrium is a marine protist producing a specific profile of nutritionally important fatty acids, including very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFAs) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), even chain saturated fatty acids (SFAs) palmitic acid (16:0), and odd chain SFAs pentadecanoic acid (15:0). To study how these fatty acids are synthesized, a series of radiolabeled precursors were used to trace the biosynthetic process in vivo and in vitro. When Thraustochytrium was fed with long chain fatty acid intermediates such as [1-(14)C]-oleic acid, [1-(14)C]-linoleic acid and [1-(14)C]-α-linolenic acid, no VLCPUFAs were produced, indicating that the aerobic pathway for the biosynthesis of VLCPUFAs was not functional in Thraustochytrium...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097279/mechanical-stress-induced-subcellular-re-localization-of-n-terminally-truncated-tobacco-nt-4-1-protein
#16
Anastasia K Atabekova, Ekaterina A Lazareva, Olga S Strelkova, Andrey G Solovyev, Sergey Y Morozov
The Nicotiana tabacum 4/1 protein (Nt-4/1) of unknown function expressed in plant vasculature has been shown to localize to cytoplasmic bodies associated with endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we analyzed molecular interactions of an Nt-4/1 mutant with a deletion of 90 N-terminal amino acid residues (Nt-4/1d90) having a diffuse GFP-like localization. Upon transient co-expression with VAP27, a membrane protein known to localize to the ER, ER-plasma membrane contact sites and plasmodesmata, Nt-4/1d90 was concentrated around the cortical ER tubules, forming a network matching the shape of the cortical ER...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107017/biochemical-and-structural-characterization-of-marinomonas-mediterranea-d-mannose-isomerase-marme_2490-phylogenetically-distant-from-known-enzymes
#17
Wataru Saburi, Nongluck Jaito, Koji Kato, Yuka Tanaka, Min Yao, Haruhide Mori
d-Mannose isomerase (MI) reversibly isomerizes d-mannose to d-fructose, and is attractive for producing d-mannose from inexpensive d-fructose. It belongs to the N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase (AGE) superfamily along with AGE, cellobiose 2-epimerase (CE), and aldose-ketose isomerase (AKI). In this study, Marinomonas mediterranea Marme_2490, showing low sequence identity with any known enzymes, was found to isomerize d-mannose as its primary substrate. Marme_2490 also isomerized d-lyxose and 4-OH d-mannose derivatives (d-talose and 4-O-monosaccharyl-d-mannose)...
October 26, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080832/sda-and-ida-two-aptamers-to-inhibit-cancer-cell-adhesion
#18
Ulrich Hahn
Aptamers which bind to proteins involved in cell-cell interactions could have significant value to directly affect cancer adhesion or for directed cargo delivery. Here, we discuss two aptamers: aptamer SDA which binds to E- and P-selectin, and aptamer IDA which binds to α6β4 integrin. Both aptamers (SDA 91 nt and IDA 77 nt) bind their target proteins with dissociation constants in the 100-150 nM range and substantially inhibit special cellular adhesion, possibly a first and pivotal step in transendothelial migration during metastasis formation...
October 25, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080831/aptamer-mediated-plasmodium-specific-diagnosis-of-malaria
#19
Yee-Wai Cheung, Roderick M Dirkzwager, Wai-Chung Wong, Josiane Cardoso, Joana D'Arc Neves Costa, Julian A Tanner
There is a critical need for better malaria rapid diagnostic tests to discriminate Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infection given the recent observation of HRP2 deletions in P. falciparum parasites. We previously identified a DNA aptamer, 2008s, that targets P. falciparum lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH) and developed a sensitive aptamer-tethered enzyme capture (APTEC) assay. Here, we characterise two different LDH-binding DNA aptamers in their species-specific activities, then integrate within biochemical diagnostic assays and test in clinical samples...
October 25, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080830/identification-of-a-new-subtype-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-11-and-a-third-group-of-the-s46-family-members-specifically-present-in-the-genus-bacteroides
#20
Takayuki K Nemoto, Gustavo Arruda Bezerra, Toshio Ono, Haruka Nishimata, Taku Fujiwara, Yuko Ohara-Nemoto
Peptidase family S46 consists of two types of dipeptidyl-peptidases (DPPs), DPP7 and DPP11, which liberate dipeptides from the N-termini of polypeptides along with the penultimate hydrophobic and acidic residues, respectively. Their specificities are primarily defined by a single amino acid residue, Gly(673) in DPP7 and Arg(673) in DPP11 (numbering for Porphyromonas gingivalis DPP11). Bacterial species in the phyla Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes generally possess one gene for each, while Bacteroides species exceptionally possess three genes, one gene as DPP7 and two genes as DPP11, annotated based on the full-length similarities...
October 25, 2017: Biochimie
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