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Journal of Safety Research

Carolina Anderson, Alan Stolzer, Douglas D Boyd
INTRODUCTION: The special category light sport airplane (light sport) sector of general aviation has grown 10-fold in as many years with solo operations requiring only a sports pilot's certificate. With little research on light sport airplane safety, the study objective was to compare light sport and type-certificated airplane accident rates. METHOD: Accidents were identified from the National Transportation Safety Board database. Statistics employed Poisson distribution/proportion analyses/Mann-Whitney U-tests...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Daniel Kuok Ho Tang, Siti Zawiah Md Dawal, Ezutah Udoncy Olugu
INTRODUCTION: This study establishes the correlations between performance of a set of key safety factors and the actual lagging performance of oil platforms in Malaysia, hence the relevance of the key safety factors in evaluating and predicting the safety performance of oil and gas platforms. The key factors are crucial components of a safety performance evaluation framework and each key safety factor corresponds to a list of underlying safety indicators. METHOD: In this study, participating industrial practitioners rated the compliance status of each indicator using a numbering system adapted from the traffic light system, based on the actual performance of 10 oil platforms in Malaysia...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Luis Mauricio Pinet-Peralta
INTRODUCTION: Every year, 4500 children die in motor-vehicle crashes in the United States, with estimated costs of more than $40,000 and $240 billion in productivity losses. The majority of deaths and injuries are associated with improper use of restraint devices, alcohol, high speeds, and built environments. METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective study using U.S. panel data from 1997 through 2005. Data sources included the Fatality Analysis Reporting System, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the U...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Chen-Wen Fang, Chin-Hsien Lin, Yung-Ching Liu, Yang-Kun Ou
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the differences in road-crossing behavior among healthy older adults and patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHOD: Twelve pedestrians with mild AD and 24 age-, gender-, and education-matched controls were examined with a battery of cognitive, visual, and motor tests. Using a simulated two-lane, one-way road-crossing situation, we determined the remaining time and safety margin for each participant in traffic situations involving different vehicle speeds (40 km/h vs...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Lisa Buckley, Jean T Shope, Jennifer S Zakrajsek, Jason E Goldstick
INTRODUCTION: Teens beginning to drive independently are at significant increased risk of motor-vehicle crashes relative to their other life stages. There is, however, little guidance for parents as to how best to supervise learning to drive. METHOD: This study sought to undertake an informed approach to development and implementation of a Parent Guide. We included a multi-stage development process, using theory, findings from a Delphi-study of young driver traffic-safety experts, and parent focus groups...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Jessica B Cicchino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of lane departure warning (LDW) on single-vehicle, sideswipe, and head-on crashes. METHOD: Police-reported data for the relevant crash types were obtained from 25 U.S. states for the years 2009-2015. Observed counts of crashes with fatalities, injuries, and of all severities for vehicles with LDW were compared with expected counts based on crash involvement rates for the same passenger vehicles without LDW, with exposure by vehicle series, model year, and lighting system standardized between groups...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Daniel Sowah, Robert Boyko, David Antle, Linda Miller, Michael Zakhary, Sebastian Straube
INTRODUCTION: We conducted an overview of systematic reviews of interventions for the prevention of low back pain (LBP) that can be conducted in a workplace setting. METHODS: An electronic literature search was performed in Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Published peer-reviewed systematic reviews and meta-analyses, which described interventions for the primary or secondary prevention of LBP applicable to a workplace setting, were eligible for inclusion...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Suliman Alghnam, Mohamad Alrowaily, Mohamed Alkelya, Ahmad Alsaif, Faisal Almoaiqel, Abdulaziz Aldegheishem
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the third leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia. Numerous factors may increase the likelihood of RTIs. The prevalence of risk factors associated with RTIs may vary due to several reasons. Because little is known about these risk factors locally, we examined the prevalence of mobile phone and seatbelt use and their association with spatial locations. METHODS: This is an observational study conducted at major highways and inner intersections throughout Riyadh, the country's capital...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
David J Provan, Sidney W A Dekker, Andrew J Rae
INTRODUCTION: The professional identity of safety professionals is rife with unresolved contradictions and tensions. Are they advisor or instructor, native or independent, enforcer of rules or facilitator of front-line agency, and ultimately, a benefactor for safety or an organizational burden? Perhaps they believe that they are all of these. This study investigated professional identity through understanding what safety professionals believe about safety, their role within organizations, and their professional selves...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Lakshmi N Peesapati, Michael P Hunter, Michael O Rodgers
INTRODUCTION: Transportation safety analyses have traditionally relied on crash data. The limitations of these crash data in terms of timeliness and efficiency are well understood and many studies have explored the feasibility of using alternative surrogate measures for evaluation of road safety. Surrogate safety measures have the potential to estimate crash frequency, while requiring reduced data collection efforts relative to crash data based measures. Traditional crash prediction models use factors such as traffic volume, sight distance, and grade to make risk and exposure estimates that are combined with observed crashes, generally using an Empirical Bayes method, to obtain a final crash estimate...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Emma L Harbeck, A Ian Glendon
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore perceived risk and reported willingness to engage in risky driving in a sample of young Australian drivers. The study also considered the influence of gender, driving experience, and risky driver prototypes on willingness to engage in risky driving. Within this context, a prototype is a social image of the type of person who engages in specific risk behaviors. In the prototype willingness model (PWM), willingness accounts for motivations that do not directly rely on planning or goal formation...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Rubén D Ledesma, Jeremías D Tosi, Carlos M Díaz-Lázaro, Fernando M Poó
Introduction The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one of the most widely used psychological models when it comes to explaining road safety behaviors. Recently, studies have also been conducted from the perspective of dual-process models. However, the present is the first study on road safety behaviors that integrates both perspectives. The study evaluates the roles of both implicit attitudes and TPB constructs in the prediction of seatbelt use. Method A sample of 100 drivers completed: (1) a self-reporting instrument on seatbelt use, (2) a questionnaire addressing TPB constructs, (3) an indirect measure of attitudes (Implicit Association Test), and (4) a social desirability scale...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Carlo Caponecchia, Ann Williamson
INTRODUCTION: Driver fatigue is a major road safety problem. While much is known about the effects of fatigue and the factors that contribute to it, fatigue on commuter trips has received comparatively little attention in road safety. Most interventions have focused on longer trips, while investigations of commuting have typically examined particular groups, such as shift workers. METHOD: This study examined the effects of mild sleep deprivation on driving performance in simulated driving tasks in the morning and evening...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Laura N Syron, Devin L Lucas, Viktor E Bovbjerg, Samantha Case, Laurel Kincl
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Coast Guard and Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration have identified the Alaskan offshore seafood processing industry as high-risk. This study used Coast Guard injury reports to describe patterns of traumatic injury among offshore seafood processors, as well as identify modifiable hazards. METHODS: From the reports, we manually reviewed and abstracted information on the incident circumstances, injury characteristics and circumstances, and vessel...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Ming Ji, Can Yang, Ying Li, Quan Xu, Rong He
Introduction The primary objective of this study is to investigate the relationships between trait mindfulness, risk perception, flight experience, and incident involvement among Chinese airline pilots. Method The study used a sample consisting of 295 commercial airline pilots from China Southern Airlines Ltd. Results The results show that trait mindfulness has a direct and negative effect on airline pilots' incident involvement, and an indirect effect on incident involvement through influencing risk perception...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Yue Zhao, Jean Andrey, Peter Deadman
INTRODUCTION: Roundabouts, as a form of intersection traffic control, are being constructed increasingly because of their promise to improve both efficiency and safety. However, roundabout performance varies from one context to another; and information on their performance during inclement weather is limited. METHODS: To evaluate the safety effects of converting signal-controlled intersections to modern roundabouts in a region that historically was unfamiliar with this type of traffic control, an empirical Bayes approach was used to analyze...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Libby L Moore, Steven J Wurzelbacher, Taylor M Shockey
INTRODUCTION: Workers' compensation (WC) insurers offer services and programs for prospective client selection and insured client risk control (RC) purposes. Toward these aims, insurers collect employer data that may include information on types of hazards present in the workplace, safety and health programs and controls in place to prevent injury/illness, and return-to-work programs to reduce injury/illness severity. Despite the potential impact of RC systems on workplace safety and health and the use of RC data in guiding prevention efforts, few research studies on the types of RC services provided to employers or the RC data collected have been published in the peer-reviewed literature...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Shirley Regev, Jonathan J Rolison, Salissou Moutari
INTRODUCTION: Concerns have been raised that the nonlinear relation between crashes and travel exposure invalidates the conventional use of crash rates to control for exposure. A new metric of exposure that bears a linear association to crashes was used as basis for calculating unbiased crash risks. This study compared the two methods - conventional crash rates and new adjusted crash risk - for assessing the effect of driver age, gender, and time of day on the risk of crash involvement and crash fatality...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Madhar Taamneh
INTRODUCTION: Drivers' ability to comprehend the meaning of traffic signs is essential to safe driving. Drivers' personal characteristics are believed to play a crucial role in determining drivers' comprehension of traffic signs. METHOD: This study investigates the role of age, gender, marital status, license category, educational level, driving experience, monthly income, and number of traffic violation during the last five years in drivers' comprehension of 39 posted traffic signs in the city of Irbid, Jordan...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Jessica H Mirman, Emma S Goodman, Elizabeth Friedrich, Carol A Ford
INTRODUCTION: The aims of the current pilot study were to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of the Talking with Teens about Traffic Safety Program. The program consists of a clinic-based health coaching session with parents of adolescents at their annual well-child visit to promote parent-teen communication about teen driver safety including: a Parent Handbook that is designed to serve as a primer on teen driver safety and facilitate parent-teen communication on a variety of teen driver topics; an interactive practice driving toolset; and an endorsement of the materials by the primary care provider...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
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