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Journal of Safety Research

Ivan Steenstra, Kimberley Cullen, Emma Irvin, Dwayne Van Eerd
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of interventions aimed at promoting work participation in older workers. METHODS: We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and a best evidence synthesis that ranked evidence as strong, moderate, limited, or insufficient. RESULTS: Seven electronic databases were searched from inception to March 2014. Evidence from 14 studies were synthesized in 4 different intervention categories: multi-component, exercise, medication and other interventions...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Vitaly Volberg, Tiffani Fordyce, Megan Leonhard, Gabor Mezei, Ximena Vergara, Lovely Krishen
INTRODUCTION: Workers in the electric power industry face many risks of injury due to the high diversity of work tasks performed in potentially hazardous and unpredictable work environments. METHOD: We calculated injury rates by age, sex, occupational group, and injury type among workers in the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI) Occupational Health and Safety Database (OHSD), which contains recordable injury, medical claims, and personnel data from 18 participating electric power companies from 1995 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Maria Brann, Dan Hartley
INTRODUCTION: As primary targets of workplace violence in health care settings, nurses may suffer negative physical and psychological consequences. NIOSH created an online course to educate nurses about violence prevention techniques. METHOD: A mixed-methods approach assessed workplace violence awareness and knowledge among nursing students. A pre/post/post-test survey and focus group discussions evaluated participant awareness and knowledge, assessed course design, and solicited recommendations for increasing participation and strategies for improving message retention...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Kathleen M Fagan, Michael J Hodgson
INTRODUCTION: A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. METHODS: OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Charles A Jennissen, Karisa K Harland, Kristel Wetjen, Pamela Hoogerwerf, Lauren O'Donnell, Gerene M Denning
INTRODUCTION: Although all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are very popular in rural areas for both recreation and work purposes, the epidemiology of agricultural ATV use remains largely unknown. METHODS: Farm Progress Show attendees in 2012 (Boone, Iowa) and 2013 (Decatur, Illinois) were surveyed about ATVs, including riding behaviors, crash history, and safety knowledge. Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed (N=635 surveys). RESULTS: Over half of those surveyed lived on a farm and more than 90% had ridden on an ATV...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Stefano Porru, Stefano Calza, Cecilia Arici
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries are a relevant research and practical issue. However, intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of workplace injury prevention programs are seldom performed. METHOD: The effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention aimed at reducing occupational injury rates (incidence/employment-based=IR, frequency/hours-based=FR, severity=SR) was evaluated between 2008 and 2013 in 29 Italian foundries (22 ferrous; 7 non-ferrous; 3,460 male blue collar workers/year) of varying sizes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Christine R Schuler, Dawn N Castillo, Cammie Chaumont Menéndez, Sergey Sinelnikov, Sydney Webb, Emily Chavez
INTRODUCTION: The National Occupational Injury Research Symposium (NOIRS) is the only national forum focused on occupational injury research findings, data and methods, and prevention strategies; it has been convened every 3-5years since 1997. Held in May 2015, the 6th symposium's theme was "Advancing Occupational Injury Research through Integration and Partnership." Organizers requested that attendees complete a post-meeting evaluation to assess meeting impact, and gather information useful in planning subsequent meetings and activities...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Desta Fekedulegn, Cecil M Burchfiel, Claudia C Ma, Michael E Andrew, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Ja K Gu, John M Violanti
INTRODUCTION: Policing involves inherent physical and psychological dangers as well as occupational stressors that could lead to chronic fatigue. Although accounts of adverse events associated with police fatigue are not scarce, literature on the association between chronic fatigue and on-duty injury are limited. METHODS: Participants were officers from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Study. A 10-item questionnaire was administered to assess how tired or energetic the officers generally felt irrespective of sleep hours or workload...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Cheryl Fairfield Estill, Carol H Rice, Thais Morata, Amit Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: More than 5,000 fatalities and eight million injuries occurred in the workplace in 2007 at a cost of $6 billion and $186 billion, respectively. Neurotoxic chemicals are known to affect central nervous system functions among workers, which include balance and hearing disorders. However, it is not known if there is an association between exposure to noise and solvents and acute injuries. METHOD: A thorough review was conducted of the literature on the relationship between noise or solvent exposures and hearing loss with various health outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Dawn N Castillo, Christine R Schuler, Cammie Chaumont Menéndez
INTRODUCTION: The National Occupational Injury Research Symposium (NOIRS) is the only regularly held forum exclusively dedicated to occupational injury research and prevention. METHOD: The 2015 conference theme, advancing occupational injury research through integration and partnership, shaped the conference and is reflected in articles selected for this special issue. RESULTS' CONCLUSION: The 6th NOIRS, held May 19-21, 2015, brought together more than 250 researchers, occupational safety practitioners and students to share and discuss occupational injury research...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Avni A Patel, Keith G Hauret, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many non-battle injuries among deployed soldiers are due to occupational-related tasks. Given that non-battle injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, occupational safety and health are of great concern to the military. Some of the leading causes of non-battle injuries in the military are also common in non-military occupational settings. Nationally, falls and motor-vehicle accidents are leading causes of non-fatal occupational injuries in the civilian workforce...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Keshia M Pollack, Gerald S Poplin, Stephanie Griffin, Wayne Peate, Virginia Nash, Ed Nied, John Gulotta, Jefferey L Burgess
INTRODUCTION: Risk management, a proactive process to identify and mitigate potential injury risks and implement control strategies, was used to reduce the risk of occupational injury in a fire department. The objective of this research was to study the implementation of the risk management process for future replication. A second objective was to document changes in fire personnel's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to the selected control strategies that were implemented as part of the risk management process...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Deborah B Reed, Deborah T Claunch
PROBLEM: Senior farmers have a 2.6-fold risk of fatal injury compared to their younger counterparts. Usual educational interventions have resulted in limited success in reducing injury. METHOD: An innovative strategy, didactic readers theater, was piloted. Farmers' stories provided the foundation for the scripts. The approach incorporated adult learning strategies based on Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior. The intervention was marketed as a "dinner theater" to farm couples...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Jennifer L Bell, Matthew A Taylor, Guang-Xiang Chen, Rachel D Kirk, Erin R Leatherman
PROBLEM: Roadway incidents are the leading cause of work-related death in the United States. METHODS: The objective of this research was to evaluate whether two types of feedback from a commercially available in-vehicle monitoring system (IVMS) would reduce the incidence of risky driving behaviors in drivers from two companies. IVMS were installed in 315 vehicles representing the industries of local truck transportation and oil and gas support operations, and data were collected over an approximate two-year period in intervention and control groups...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Jennifer M Lincoln, Chelsea C Woodward, Grant W King, Samantha L Case, Devin L Lucas, Theodore D Teske
INTRODUCTION: During 2000-2011, 35 injuries (8 fatal) involving winches were reported to the Coast Guard in the Southern shrimp fleet. Injuries involving the main winch drums had a higher risk for fatal outcomes compared to injuries involving the winch cathead (RR=7.5; 1.1-53.7). The objective of this study was to design effective solutions to protect deckhands from entanglement hazards posed by winches found on the vessels in the Southern shrimp fleet. METHODS: Based on injury characteristics, site visit observations, and input from vessel owners, NIOSH determined that the design and implementation of effective main-winch guarding was a feasible first-step in mitigating the entanglement hazard...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Joan M Mazur, Susan Westneat
INTRODUCTION: Why do generations of farmers tolerate the high-risk work of agricultural work and resist safe farm practices? This study presents an analysis inspired by empirical data from studies conducted from 1993 to 2012 on the differing effects of farm safety interventions between participants who live or work on farms and those who don't, when both were learning to be farm safety advocates. Both groups show statistically significant gains in knowledge and behavioral change proxy measures...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Jessica Bunting, Christine Branche, Chris Trahan, Linda Goldenhar
INTRODUCTION: Falls are the leading cause of death and third leading cause of non-fatal injuries in construction. In an effort to combat these numbers, The National Campaign to Prevent Falls in Construction began in April 2012. As the campaign gained momentum, a week called the National Safety Stand-Down to Prevent Falls was launched to draw attention to the campaign and its goals. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reach of the Stand-Down and lessons learned from its implementation...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Thomas W Planek, Sergey Sinelnikov, Jonathan Thomas, Kenneth Kolosh, Kathleen Porretta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Matthew A Taylor, Oliver Wirth, Marc Olvina, Alicia M Alvero
INTRODUCTION: The effects of training content consisting of examples and/or non-examples was studied on the acquisition of safety-related skills. METHOD: Participants (N=160) were randomly assigned to first receive computer-based training on office ergonomics that included either no examples of safe or at-risk postures, safe examples only, at-risk examples only, or both safe and at-risk examples. Participants then attempted to classify as safe or at-risk various postures depicted in short video clips and demonstrate with their own posture the range of safe postures...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
Celeste Jacinto, Fernando P Santos, Carlos Guedes Soares, Sílvia A Silva
INTRODUCTION: This study assesses the reliability of the coding procedure for a set of variables belonging to the European Statistics of Accidents at Work (ESAW). The work focused on the Portuguese data and experience with the system. In Portugal, this task has been systematically carried out by GEP (the governmental Cabinet for Strategy and Planning), here defined as the "reference group" or "expert group." However, it is anticipated that this coding task will be performed by non-expert people, since paper-forms will be replaced by e-forms, similarly to what happened in a few EU countries...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
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