journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Safety Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776534/an-investigation-into-online-videos-as-a-source-of-safety-hazard-reports
#1
Leila Nasri, Milad Baghersad, Richard Gruss, Nico Sung Won Marucchi, Alan S Abrahams, Johnathon P Ehsani
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advantages of video-based product reviews relative to text-based reviews in detecting possible safety hazard issues, video-based product reviews have received no attention in prior literature. This study focuses on online video-based product reviews as possible sources to detect safety hazards. METHODS: We use two common text mining methods - sentiment and smoke words - to detect safety issues mentioned in videos on the world's most popular video sharing platform, YouTube...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776533/safe-driving-practices-and-factors-associated-with-motor-vehicle-collisions-among-people-with-insulin-treated-diabetes-mellitus-results-from-the-diabetes-and-driving-dad-study
#2
Turky H Almigbal, Abdullah A Alfaifi, Muath A Aleid, Baki Billah, Mohammed J Alramadan, Eman Sheshah, Turki A AlMogbel, Ghassan A Aldekhayel, Mohammed Ali Batais
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of people with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) who have discussed issues related to diabetes and driving with their health care providers (HCPs). We also sought to determine the safe driving practices that are currently employed by this group. Finally, we investigated the factors that might increase the risk of motor-vehicle collisions (MVCs) among this group in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: This cross-sectional study surveyed a representative sample of 429 current male drivers with ITDM using a structured questionnaire in Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776532/worker-safety-and-injury-severity-analysis-of-earthmoving-equipment-accidents
#3
Emrah Kazan, Mumtaz A Usmen
INTRODUCTION: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776531/an-evaluation-of-a-college-campus-emergency-preparedness-intervention
#4
Christofer Skurka, Brian L Quick, Tobias Reynolds-Tylus, Todd Short, Ann L Bryan
INTRODUCTION: Given the range of emergencies that beset postsecondary institutions, university administrators must take a multimodal approach to prepare campus stakeholders for safety threats. One such strategy is emergency preparedness communication. METHODS: In the present investigation, we tested the efficacy of a professionally produced video that uses the federally endorsed slogan, Run-Hide-Fight(r). Undergraduate students participated in a quasi-experiment with a pretest-posttest-delayed posttest control group design...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776530/does-a-tow-bar-increase-the-risk-of-neck-injury-in-rear-end-collisions
#5
Anne Vingaard Olesen, Rune Elvik, Camilla Sloth Andersen, Harry S Lahrmann
INTRODUCTION: Does a tow-bar increase the risk of neck injury in the struck car in a rear-end collision? The rear part of a modern car has collision zones that are rendered nonoperational when the car is equipped with a tow-bar. Past crash tests have shown that a car's acceleration was higher in a car equipped with a tow-bar and also that a dummy placed in a car with a tow-bar had higher peak acceleration in the lower neck area. METHOD: This study aimed to investigate the association between the risk of neck injury in drivers and passengers, and the presence of a registered tow-bar on the struck car in a rear-end collision...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776529/characteristics-of-construction-firms-at-risk-for-future-workers-compensation-claims-using-administrative-data-systems-washington-state
#6
Jennifer L Marcum, Michael Foley, Darrin Adams, Dave Bonauto
INTRODUCTION: Construction is high-hazard industry, and continually ranks among those with the highest workers' compensation (WC) claim rates in Washington State (WA). However, not all construction firms are at equal risk. We tested the ability to identify those construction firms most at risk for future claims using only administrative WC and unemployment insurance data. METHODS: We collected information on construction firms with 10-50 average full time equivalent (FTE) employees from the WA unemployment insurance and WC data systems (n=1228)...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776528/the-effect-of-a-gearshift-interlock-on-seat-belt-use-by-drivers-who-do-not-always-use-a-belt-and-its-acceptance-among-those-who-do
#7
David G Kidd, Jeremiah Singer, Richard Huey, Laura Kerfoot
INTRODUCTION: Seat belts reduce the risk of fatal injury in a crash, yet in 2015, nearly 10,000 people killed in passenger vehicles were unrestrained. Enhanced seat belt reminders increase belt use, but a gearshift interlock that prevents the vehicle from being placed into gear unless the seat belt is used may prove more effective. METHOD: Thirty-two people with a recent seat belt citation and who admitted to not always using a seat belt as a driver were recruited as part-time belt users and asked to evaluate two new vehicles...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776527/is-there-agreement-between-worker-self-and-supervisor-assessment-of-worker-safety-performance-an-examination-in-the-construction-industry
#8
Nini Xia, Mark A Griffin, Xueqing Wang, Xing Liu, Dan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Individual safety performance (behavior) critically influences safety outcomes in high-risk workplaces. Compared to the study of generic work performance on different measurements, few studies have investigated different measurements of safety performance, typically relying on employees' self-reflection of their safety behavior. This research aims to address this limitation by including worker self-reflection and other (i.e., supervisor) assessment of two worker safety performance dimensions, safety compliance and safety participation...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776526/access-to-trauma-centers-for-road-crashes-in-the-united-states
#9
Wei Hu, Qiao Dong, Chunjiao Dong, Jun Yang, Baoshan Huang
INTRODUCTION: Existing research indicates that around 90% of all U.S. residents have access to at least one level I or II trauma center within 60min. However, a limitation of these estimates lies in that they are based on where people live and not where people are injured, which may overestimate the access to trauma centers for seriously injured patients in fatal crashes. METHOD: In this study, the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data between 2013 and 2014 were collected and analyzed to quantify the access of injured patients to trauma centers for fatal crashes across states...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776525/ability-to-monitor-driving-under-the-influence-of-marijuana-among-non-fatal-motor-vehicle-crashes-an-evaluation-of-the-colorado-electronic-accident-reporting-system
#10
Alexis B Peterson, Erin K Sauber-Schatz, Karin A Mack
INTRODUCTION: As more states legalize medical/recreational marijuana use, it is important to determine if state motor-vehicle surveillance systems can effectively monitor and track driving under the influence (DUI) of marijuana. This study assessed Colorado's Department of Revenue motor-vehicle crash data system, Electronic Accident Reporting System (EARS), to monitor non-fatal crashes involving driving under the influence (DUI) of marijuana. METHODS: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines on surveillance system evaluation were used to assess EARS' usefulness, flexibility, timeliness, simplicity, acceptability, and data quality...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776524/analysis-of-hourly-crash-likelihood-using-unbalanced-panel-data-mixed-logit-model-and-real-time-driving-environmental-big-data
#11
Feng Chen, Suren Chen, Xiaoxiang Ma
INTRODUCTION: Driving environment, including road surface conditions and traffic states, often changes over time and influences crash probability considerably. It becomes stretched for traditional crash frequency models developed in large temporal scales to capture the time-varying characteristics of these factors, which may cause substantial loss of critical driving environmental information on crash prediction. METHOD: Crash prediction models with refined temporal data (hourly records) are developed to characterize the time-varying nature of these contributing factors...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776523/comparison-of-self-report-and-objective-measures-of-driving-behavior-and-road-safety-a-systematic-review
#12
Sherrie-Anne Kaye, Ioni Lewis, James Freeman
INTRODUCTION: This research systematically reviewed the existing literature in regards to studies which have used both self-report and objective measures of driving behavior. The objective of the current review was to evaluate disparities or similarities between self-report and objective measures of driving behavior. METHODS: Searches were undertaken in the following electronic databases, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus, for peer-reviewed full-text articles that (1) focused on road safety, and (2) compared both subjective and objective measures of driving performance or driver safety...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776522/causal-attribution-in-explanations-of-near-crash-events-behind-the-wheel-and-its-relationship-to-comparative-judgments
#13
Blazej Palat, Patricia Delhomme
INTRODUCTION: The development of skills essential for avoiding crashes depends, in particular, on how drivers explain the causes of dangerous driving behaviors that resulted in a near crash. Here, we analyze causes attributed to such behaviors by car drivers in a self-report study. We explore the relationships between the dimensions of causal attribution, attribution of responsibility for the near crash, and drivers' comparative judgments. METHOD: For approximately two months, drivers used logbooks to document the near crashes that occurred during their trips...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776521/temporal-factors-in-motor-vehicle-crash-deaths-ten-years-later
#14
Rebecca Weast
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in traffic fatalities on several temporal scales: year to year, by month, by day of week, and by time of day, to determine why some times correspond with higher rates of crash deaths, and to assess how these trends relate to age, the role of the deceased, and alcohol consumption. METHOD: Traffic fatalities were identified using the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) for 1998 through 2014 and assessed for their time of occurrence...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776520/commercial-truck-crash-injury-severity-analysis-using-gradient-boosting-data-mining-model
#15
Zijian Zheng, Pan Lu, Brenda Lantz
INTRODUCTION: Truck crashes contribute to a large number of injuries and fatalities. This study seeks to identify the contributing factors affecting truck crash severity using 2010 to 2016 North Dakota and Colorado crash data provided by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. METHOD: To fulfill a gap of previous studies, broad considerations of company and driver characteristics, such as company size and driver's license class, along with vehicle types and crash characteristics are researched...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776519/how-many-crashes-are-caused-by-driver-interaction-with-passengers-a-meta-analysis-approach
#16
Athanasios Theofilatos, Apostolos Ziakopoulos, Eleonora Papadimitriou, George Yannis
INTRODUCTION: Conversation and other interactions with passengers while driving induce a level of distraction to the person driving. METHOD: This paper conducts a qualitative literature review on the effect of passenger interaction on road safety and then extends it by using meta-analysis techniques. RESULTS: The literature review indicates that the distraction due to passengers is a very frequent risk factor, with detrimental effects to various driving behavior and safety measures (e...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776518/factors-associated-with-life-jacket-use-among-cabin-sailboat-and-day-sailor-boaters-in-the-united-states
#17
Natalie Spitzer, Maile T Phillips, Wendy Chow, Thomas W Mangione
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, drowning accounted for 68% of the 626 recreational boating related deaths in the United States. Although life jackets are estimated to prevent between 50% to 80% of boating deaths, approximately 83% of sailboat-related drowning victims were reported to not be wearing life jackets. Life jacket use among adult boaters has remained consistently low across most boat types and may vary by boater, boating, and environmental conditions. Although many risky environmental and boating factors may be associated with a higher risk of boating death, drowning occurs in all situations and it is useful to understand adult life jacket wearing behaviors in differing boating situations...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776517/fatally-injured-pedestrians-and-bicyclists-in-the-united-states-with-high-blood-alcohol-concentrations
#18
Angela H Eichelberger, Anne T McCartt, Jessica B Cicchino
INTRODUCTION: Little research has focused on the problem of alcohol impairment among pedestrians and bicyclists in the United States. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence, trends, and characteristics of alcohol-impaired fatally injured pedestrians and bicyclists. METHOD: Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) were analyzed for fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists 16 and older during 1982-2014...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636173/evaluating-an-intervention-to-improve-belt-fit-for-adult-occupants
#19
Monica L H Jones, Lisa Buckley, Sheila M Ebert, Matthew P Reed, Jason J Hallman
INTRODUCTION: Previous laboratory studies have demonstrated that some drivers position their seat belts suboptimally. Specifically, the lap portion of the belt may be higher and farther forward relative to the pelvis than best practice, and the shoulder portion of the belt may be outboard or inboard of mid-shoulder. This study evaluated the performance of a video-based intervention for improving the belt fit obtained by drivers. METHOD: Twenty-nine adult drivers participated in this study...
February 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636172/characterization-of-fall-patients-does-age-matter
#20
Melissa K James, Mauricia C Victor, Syed M Saghir, Patricia A Gentile
INTRODUCTION: Evaluating age-specific fall characteristics is important for prevention programs. The aim was to characterize fallers who presented to our trauma center. We hypothesized that fall characteristics and outcomes would vary with age. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from the trauma registry and electronic medical records during January 1st, 2014-December 31st, 2015. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test with Yates' continuity correction and one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's multiple comparisons test...
February 2018: Journal of Safety Research
journal
journal
25293
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"