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Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii

D Pluta, A Lebioda, A Jonkisz, T Dobosz
Commonly used destructive DNA isolation techniques consist of pulverization which leads to the complete destruction of smaller bones or irreversible damage to larger bones through the cutting of extensive fragments. The procedure is totally unacceptable when handling bones which are valuable for anthropological or religious reasons, as museum exhibits or due to emotional factors. Since the Department's team has already resolved this problem in the case of human teeth (A. Pilecka), efforts have been undertaken to develop a similar non-destructive technique for the isolation of DNA from human bones...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
P Bochyński, M Kuliczkowski, A Karpiewska, M Turkiewicz, T Dobosz
Hunting shot are 1.2-10 mm diameter balls, usually made of lead alloys, forming a cluster projectile used in smoothbore hunting shotguns. Shot may also be used in pistol and revolver ammunition, in which it can constitute structural element of the projectile. Shot pellets may also be made of other materials and have other shapes. The aim of this paper is to aggregate information on the topic available from a number of different sources. It is hoped that such information will be useful for forensic ballistics experts...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
R Skowronek, M Kobek, Z Jankowski, E Zielińska-Pająk, A Pałasz, J Pilch-Kowalczyk, R Kwarta, K Rygol, M Szczepański, C Chowaniec
Traumatic basal subarachnoid haemorrhage (TBSAH) represents only 1.8% of all subarachnoid haemorrhage cases diagnosed during autopsy. This report presents such a case from the current practice of the authors. Sixteen-year-old boy was beaten by the aggressors. Suddenly he lost his consciousness and fall after he received a single blow in the neck. He was resuscitated immediately, but died at the scene. During the external examination we did not find any significant external injuries. Autopsy revealed large contusion of right sternocleidomastoid muscle...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
M Kobek, R Skowronek, C Jabłoński, Z Jankowski, A Pałasz
On 28 January 2003 snow avalanche in the Polish Tatras happened, in which 8 people died and 5 were injured. We tried to determine cause and manner of death in 6 fatal victims instead of advanced late post mortem changes in internal organs. Taking into consideration the circumstances of death, we paid special attention to histopathological examination of lungs, extended by Gomori's and AZAN staining. Pattern of the changes was similar to those observed in forensic medicine in cases of asphyxia due to airway obstruction and/or immobilization of chest and abdomen (Perthes' syndrome)...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
R Wojtkiewicz, B Markiewicz, M Jędrzejczyk, R Jacewicz
In this study Polish population data as well as efficiency parameters of 12 STR loci included in the Investigator HDplex set were presented. This set contains 9 systems not available in any other commercial multiplexes, ie.: D2S1360, D3S1744, D4S2366, D5S2500, D6S474, D7S1517, D8S1132, D10S2325 and D21S2055. The evaluation was preformed based on DNA samples derived from 303 unrelated individuals living in Lodz region, central part of Poland. The obtained distribution of the genotypes is consistent with the assumptions of the Hardy and Weinberg equilibrium (HWE)...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
F Jamshidi, I Nazari, Z Rahimi, M Cheraghi
AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to determine the pattern of drug use and the affective demographic factors in addicts in self-referred drug rehabilitation centers in Khuzestan province. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study which has done on 4400 addicts in self-referred drug rehabilitation centers in Khuzestan province from March 2014 to March 2015. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS version 22 software. Mean and standard deviation were calculated for continuous variables and the frequency and percentage frequency were calculated for nominal and classified variables, and also t-test, χ2 and ANOVA were used to examine the relationships between variables...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
S M Aly, D M Sabri
The DNA analysis is a cornerstone in contemporary forensic sciences. DNA sequencing technologies are powerful tools that enrich molecular sciences in the past based on Sanger sequencing and continue to glowing these sciences based on Next generation sequencing (NGS). Next generation sequencing has excellent potential to flourish and increase the molecular applications in forensic sciences by jumping over the pitfalls of the conventional method of sequencing. The main advantages of NGS compared to conventional method that it utilizes simultaneously a large number of genetic markers with high-resolution of genetic data...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
S Sabatasso, F Doenz, A Bass, K Michaud, P Mangin, S Grabherr
Multi-phase postmortem CT-angiography (MPMCTA) is used routinely for investigating cases of traumatic and natural death at the University Centre of Legal Medicine, Lausanne-Geneva. Here, we report the case of a patient affected by Leriche syndrome, with a history of numerous cardiovascular interventions, including an axillobifemoral bypass. The multiple cardiovascular changes presented by the patient were visualised by this relatively new technique and they were shown not to be related to the cause of death...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
R Jacewicz, K Lewandowski, J Rupa-Matysek, M Jędrzejczyk, J Berent
The study documents the risk that comes with DNA analysis of materials derived from patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in forensic genetics. DNA chimerism was studied in 30 patients after allo-HSCT, based on techniques applied in contemporary forensic genetics, i.e. real-time PCR and multiplex PCR-STR with the use of autosomal DNA as well as Y-DNA markers. The results revealed that the DNA profile of the recipient's blood was identical with the donor's in the majority of cases...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
K Juszka, K Juszka
The purpose of this paper is to verify adherence to forensic examination principles in homicide cases by analyzing the results of the author's own study of 90 court and prosecution cases from the period 2000-2010. The analyzed cases were sampled using the so-called multi-stage cluster sampling method, commonly used in social sciences in Poland. The cases were held in 17 organizational judiciary and prosecution units reporting to the Court of Appeal in Krakow and Appellate Prosecutor's Office in Krakow, respectively...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
F Alboebadi, P Afshari, F Jamshidi, Rm Poor, M Cheraghi
AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to study the relationship of sexual assault with self-concept and the general health of the victims referred to forensics in Ahvaz city (Iran). MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study that was designed by two groups as case and control which has done on 128 subjects. Sixty-four rape victims who were referred to the forensic center, considered as case group and in control group, 64 people who were being referred to health clinics in Ahvaz city...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Miron Tokarski, Dominika Pluta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Krystian Rygol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Kurt Trübner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
A Smędra, M Barzdo, J Krupińska, J Klemm, W Machała, S Szram, J Berent
The paper presents the case of a 25-year-old woman who underwent cesarean section for gynecological indications in the 37(th) week of her second pregnancy. The perioperative course was uncomplicated, but one day later the general condition of the patient suddenly deteriorated: she developed respiratory disorders requiring intubation and treatment in an intensive care unit. On the 6(th) day after the surgery, the patient was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. Appropriate conservative treatment was instituted, resulting in a gradual improvement of her condition...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
A Smędra, S Szustowski, J Berent
Myocardial infarction is an infrequent condition in young adults. In most cases, it occurs due to causes other than atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, including blood hypercoagulability, congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries, their inflammation or spasm induced by amphetamine or cocaine use. Amphetamine and its derivatives, via increasing the levels of epinephrine, serotonin and dopamine in the central nervous system, exert their effect also on the cardiovascular system, causing coronary spasm, enhancing platelet aggregation and inducing tachyarrhythmias...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
A Smędra, S Szustowski, J Klemm, A Jurczyk, A Zalewska-Janowska, J Berent
The paper presents the cases of five patients who developed complications after aesthetic medicine procedures. Four of the cases involved women who reported to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, for a description and legal qualification of bodily injuries suffered as a result of aesthetic medicine procedures, whereas one was related to the assessment of accuracy of medical management at the request of the prosecutor handling the case. The reported cases concerned acid exfoliation treatments, photoepilation and cryotherapy...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
S Rojek, P Hydzik, E Gomółka, K Kula, M Kłys
AIM OF THE STUDY: To present clinical and analytical aspects associated with sodium azide poisoning. The problems were verified on the basis of a case of sodium azide poisoning which was unique due to its circumstances and the development of an analytical method applied for medico-legal practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The object of the study was a toxicological analysis of biological specimens collected from a woman who ingested two doses of sodium azide purchased over the Internet, in a suicide attempt...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Ł Szleszkowski, A Hałoń, A Thannhäuser, T Jurek
AIM OF THE STUDY: Assessment of the usefulness of intravital lesions in the proximal attachment of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the mastoid process of the temporal bone in medico-legal evaluation of death by hanging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was obtained from the bodies of 35 people who died by hanging. The control group comprised specimens collected from 30 people who died of non-traumatic causes. The structures under study were examined macro- and microscopically...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
P Kopacz, T Konopka, F Bolechała, M Strona
AIM OF THE STUDY: Determination whether injuries identified on the victim's head were caused by a blow made by another person or by a fall resulting in hitting a surface. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of archive photographs taken routinely at the Forensic Institute in Krakow, Poland, to document post-mortem examinations in the years 2004-2012. RESULTS: A comparative analysis of the images clearly shows that certain areas are much more vulnerable to contact with the surface and thus to injuries; other areas are clearly protected in the case of a fall on a flat surface...
2015: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
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