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Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii

Wojciech Chagowski
The author attempts to present Professor Jakliński paying particular attention to what created such a great personality of Polish forensic medicine. Professor Andrzej Jakliński grew up in difficult times, which required a lot of sacrifice, even self-sacrifice and making choices that not always depended on him. That is why this article focuses on Professor Jakliński's childhood and adolescence, his escape from the Russian occupation zone to the German General Government, as well as the battles which he fought within the structures of the Home Army against the Germans and the incident that determined his life and brought him to Lublin...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Piotr Engelgardt, Maciej Krzyżanowski, Przemysław Piotrowski
The psychophysical impairment of drivers caused by psychoactive substances is still a common and important factor in road accidents. While in the case of ethyl alcohol the initial detection of drivers who have consumed alcohol is not a problem due to the widespread use of breathalyzers, other psychoactive substances are a problem. These substances are a group of numerous, variously acting and regularly growing compounds. In this publication, the authors have reviewed the methods used worldwide for the initial detection of psychoactive substances, i...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Piotr Engelgardt, Maciej Krzyżanowski
One of the tasks of the forensic specialist is to attempt to determine the interval between fatal injuries and death, and to assess whether the victim could be physically active before death and, if so, to what extent. There is ongoing research aimed at the application of additional tests (histological, immunohistochemical and others) to answer these questions. Unfortunately, currently used methods have numerous limitations and require further improvements. Moreover, they are not commonly employed in medicolegal practice in Poland...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Piotr T Arkuszewski, Ewa Meissner
Incorrect declaration of death is not a frequent situation in medico-legal reports, and such cases are usually of great interest. In this study the authors present a case of improper declaration of death by a physician, despite the absence of early definitive signs of death and without a full medical examination. However, the investigation of the case was dropped, and the conduct of the physician was not assessed by experts.
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Natalia Chmura, Aleksandra Borowska-Solonynko, Małgorzata Brzozowska, Sylwia Tarka, Ludomir Niewiadomski
Suicide behind the steering wheel of a car is a relatively rare discovery, particularly if the cause of death is hanging. Therefore, such events give rise to suspicions that third parties were involved. This paper presents a case of hanging on the threshold of a car door, although what was taken into consideration during the investigation was suicide, death as a result of a road accident, accidental hanging on the seat belt, and even homicide. The cause of death was determined thanks to a very thorough autopsy which also involved the dissection of extremities and was complemented by additional examinations including toxicological tests...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Bartosz M Pencakowski, Miron Tokarski, Anna Jonkisz, Matylda Czosnykowska-Łukacka, Ewa Lenard, Małgorzata Małodobra-Mazur
AIM OF THE STUDY: Forensic botany demands tools to verify the value of plant-origin evidence brought into the process of criminal investigation. Molecular biology provides techniques for comparing material from the crime scene with other biological material of evidence. In this paper, we propose a set of seven markers based on Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) loci for DNA profiling of Quercus spp. STR markers of the highest observed heterozygosity were selected, according to available literature...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Wojciech A Sadowski, Aleksandra B Borowska-Solonynko
AIM OF THE STUDY: To present the most popular types of tattoos, their meaning and classification, and to assess the suitability of different forms of tattoos in the process of identification of corpses of unknown identity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The tattoos found on 729 cadavers who underwent post mortem examinations at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Warsaw in the years 2012-2015 were analyzed. The tattoos were photographed and identified in terms of their meaning domain and classified into groups...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Jakub Trnka, Wojciech P Golema
In January 2011 a body of 56-year old man was sent to Wrocław Forensic Medicine Department. He was supposed to shoot himself with a noisemaker revolver. During the forensic autopsy a wound to the right temporal area was found, furthermore a hole in right temporal bone and a gunshot wound canal leading from right to left, slightly to the back and up. A deformed, metallic, 5.5 mm BB shot was found in the canal. The revolver found alongside the body was also examined. It was capable of projecting rubber or metal BB shots actuated by a blank cartridge discharge...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Rafał Skowronek, Christian Jabłoński, Anna Warzecha, Aldona Świętojańska-Leśniańska, Aleksandra Stolarska, Piotr Warzecha, Czesław Chowaniec
Suicide is a major public health problem around the world. Case reports include extreme suicidal self-inflicted injuries, in which extensive damage to the abdominal wall associated with injury or even excision of fragments of the intestine and its fragmentation are present. These cases usually give rise to doubts of investigators as to the course of the incident, the circumstances of death and the possibility of participation of other people. At the same time they are interesting from the medico-legal and psychiatric perspective...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Rafał Skowronek, Małgorzata Korczyńska, Joanna Kulikowska, Joanna Nowicka, Stanisława Kabiesz-Neniczka
Pancuronium is a typical non-depolarizing, curare-mimetic, very potent muscle relaxant. Besides application in anesthesiology and intensive care, it is used in execution as a part of lethal injection. In medico-legal practice, there are cases of using this substance in order to commit suicide or to deprive other people of their lives. Accidental pancuronium intoxications are very rare. The authors present such case ended in sudden death of hospitalized woman after mistakenly injection of the drug. 57-year-old female alcoholic was admitted to the Acute Poisoning Centre after ethylene glycol ingestion...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Krystyna Piotrowska-Weryszko, Kamil Wydra, Natalia Korcz
INTRODUCTION: Due to their microscopic size, ubiquity, and resistance to destruction, pollen grains are an especially valuable biological material that can be used in forensic investigations. AIM OF THE STUDY: Determination of the species composition of pollen grains deposited on the clothing and skin of the people walking in Włodawa County during the summer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pollen grains deposited on the surface of the skin and garments of individuals walking in four villages of Włodawa County were analysed...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Lurdes Pontes, José Carneiro de Sousa, Rui Medeiros
Some emerging technologies are used as strategies for the analyses of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that have attracted much interest in recent years, applied to various scientific areas. They have been extensively used as markers to identify genes that underlie complex diseases and also to realize the potential of pharmacogenomics in relation to different drug responses. Additionally, SNPs have been shown to be very useful in forensic genetics resolving all kinds of legal problems, namely crime cases, disaster victim identification and paternity and kinship investigation testing...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Przemysław N Cynkier
The purpose of this paper was to draw attention to particularly important aspects of pronouncing forensic psychiatric judgment regarding the accused or convicted individuals' competency to stand trial. The level of a person's mental capacity should be established using a structured psychiatric interview concerning a variety of aspects of a trial. Emphasis should be placed on evaluating the defendant's consciousness of the charges, knowledge of the potential punishment, ability to make significant decisions and be engaged in defense, knowledge about the role that particular people present in the courtroom play, understanding of the meaning of the evidence gathered in the case, the risk of aggression...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Joanna Markowska, Monika Szopa, Marcin Zawadzki, Wojciech Piekoszewski
Biological materials used in toxicological analyses in forensic medicine traditionally include blood, urine and vitreous humour. Forensic use of the vitreous body is mostly due to the need to assess the endogenous concentration of ethyl alcohol in the process of human body decomposition. The vitreous body is an underestimated biological material, even though its biochemical properties and anatomical location make it suitable for specific forensic toxicology tests as a reliable material for the preparation of forensic expert opinions...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Martyna Maciów-Głąb, Karol Kula, Małgorzata Kłys, Sebastian D Rojek
AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of the study was to analyse of 2075 evidences containing new psychoactive substances (NPS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prepared samples were identified employing an analytical procedure where the analytes were investigated by gas chromatography-electron impact mass spectrometry (GC-EI-MS) using a created library of mass spectra. RESULTS: The analysis revealed the following substances in the investigated products: piperazine derivatives (including BZP, MPMP, TFMPP), cathinone derivatives (including: pentedrone, 3-MMC, butylone, 4-MEC), pyrovalerone derivatives (MDPV, naphyrone, α-PVP, α-PVT), synthetic cannabinoids (such as AM-2201, UR-144, XLR-11, JWH073, JWH081, PB-22, AB-CHMINACA)...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Kaissar Yammine, Chahine Assi
AIM OF THE STUDY: Methods based on the positive linear relationship existing between stature and long bones are most commonly used to estimate living stature in forensic anthropology. The length of the sternum and its parts has been advanced as a plausible alternative to estimate stature when such long bones are missing or damaged. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This meta-analysis aims to quantify evidence on the correlation between the sternum/sternal parts length and stature...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Iwona Ptaszyńska-Sarosiek, Anna Niemcunowicz-Janica, Małgorzata Iłędo, Marcin Filimoniuk
Violence against children has been until now recognised as physical aggression escalating from corporal punishment, hard physical labour to homicide. Nowadays child abuse is considered as maltreatment occurring in four different aspects: physical abuse, psychological abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Child abuse is difficult to disclose, as it is concealed both by the perpetrators and the victims. The child is afraid and at the same time, almost always ashamed of looking for help. The victim frequently feels guilty, considers the violence as a norm, but in many cases is not able to speek precisely and very often has problems in contacting the required person...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Dominika Pluta, Miron Tokarski, Anna Karpiewska, Tadeusz Dobosz
Molecular Techniques Unit at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University has been operating since December 2003. Soon it will be 15 years since its establishment. This anniversary become an inspiration to write down the story of this institution whose origins illustrate the immense changes that have taken place in forensic genetics. The aim of our work was also to consolidate the professional achievements of Professor Tadeusz Dobosz, chief of the Unit, one of the pioneers of introducing DNA testing technology into Polish forensic medicine...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Amal N Vadysinghe, Deepthi Edussuriya, Medhani Wickramasinghe, Ravindra Attapattu
We report a unique and rare case of child neglect and exploitation and similar case was not found. An infant, born with an imperforate anus, underwent surgery for a temporary colostomy on the day of birth. Surgery for reversal of colostomy with reconstruction was planned at one month of age. However, the guardian did not ensure that the child attended for this procedure. Subsequently, at the age of 12 years, the child was presented to the emergency unit with an irreducible prolapsed colostomy and a life threatening acute abdomen...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Said S Elshama, Sanaa M Aly, Metwally E Abdalla, Wael A Hassan
Identification of semen residues has relevant consequences, especially for what concerns the ascertainment of possible sexual assault. Forensic scientists usually focus on the vaginal swab for semen detection despite the importance of semen deposition on the skin. Postmortem identification of spermatozoa on putrefied human skin is still under investigation. Sperm Hy-Liter™ is an antibody technique, used to identify human spermatozoa heads in forensic stains. This approach has the potential to eliminate spermatozoa visualization problems in a traditional method...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
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