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Journal of Personality Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494161/the-anxiety-depression-distress-inventory-27-addi-27-new-evidence-of-factor-structure-item-level-measurement-invariance-and-validity
#1
Antonio F Garcia, Tiffany Berzins, Melina Acosta, Saifa Pirani, Augustine Osman
Three studies examining the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Anxiety Depression Distress Inventory-27 (ADDI-27) extended the initial instrument development studies for this recently introduced inventory. The ADDI-27 is an empirically derived short form of the Mood and Anxiety Questionaire-90 (MASQ-90) comprising three scales: Positive Affect, Somatic Anxiety, and General Distress. The main objectives of Study 1 (N = 700) were to examine the factor structure of the ADDI-27 and its measurement invariance across gender at the item level...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494160/forensic-psychological-assessment-in-forensic-practice-case-studies-by-c-de-ruiter-and-n-kaser-boyd
#2
Giselle A Hass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459296/jpa-promotes-open-science
#3
Steven K Huprich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448159/the-centrality-of-the-response-process-in-construct-validity-an-illustration-via-the-rorschach-space-response
#4
Joni L Mihura, Nicolae Dumitrascu, Manali Roy, Gregory J Meyer
Recently, psychologists have emphasized the response process-that is, the psychological operations and behaviors that lead to test scores-when designing psychological tests, interpreting their results, and refining their validity. To illustrate the centrality of the response process in construct validity and test interpretation, we provide a historical, conceptual, and empirical review of the main uses of the background white space of the Rorschach cards, called space reversal (SR) and space integration (SI) in the Rorschach Performance Assessment System...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436690/a-comparison-of-the-nomological-networks-associated-with-forced-choice-and-likert-formats-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory
#5
Joshua D Miller, Brittany Gentile, Nathan T Carter, Michael Crowe, Brian J Hoffman, W Keith Campbell
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is one of the most popular measures of narcissism. However, its use of a forced-choice response set might negatively affect some of its psychometric properties. The purpose of this research was to compare a Likert version of the NPI, in which only the narcissistic response of each pair was given, to the original NPI, in 3 samples of participants (N = 1,109). To this end, we compared the nomological networks of the forced-choice and Likert formats of the NPI in relation to alternative measures of narcissism, narcissistic personality disorder, entitlement, self-esteem, general personality traits (reported by self and informants), interpersonal styles, and general pathological traits included in the DSM-5...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436689/the-mentalization-scale-ments-a-self-report-measure-for-the-assessment-of-mentalizing-capacity
#6
Aleksandar Dimitrijević, Nataša Hanak, Ana Altaras Dimitrijević, Zorana Jolić Marjanović
The psychometric properties of a new 28-item self-report measure of mentalization, the Mentalization Scale (MentS), were examined in 2 studies: with a sample of employed adults and university students (N1 = 288 + 278) and with a sample of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and matched controls (N2 = 62 + 62). Besides the MentS, both studies employed measures of attachment and the Big Five; Study 1 also included assessments of empathy and emotional intelligence. MentS whole-scale internal consistency was good in the community and acceptable in the clinical sample (α = ...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418722/correction-to-patient-personality-and-relational-patterns-in-psychotherapy-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-psychotherapy-relationship-questionnaire
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418721/practical-applications-of-generalizability-theory-for-designing-evaluating-and-improving-psychological-assessments
#8
Walter P Vispoel, Carrie A Morris, Murat Kilinc
In this article, we illustrate how generalizability theory (G-theory) can extend traditional assessment methods for designing, improving, and evaluating results from both objectively and subjectively scored measures of individual differences. Our illustrations include quantification of multiple sources of measurement error, derivation of unique indexes of consistency for norm- and criterion-referenced interpretations of scores, estimation of score consistency when changing a measurement procedure, and disattenuation of correlation coefficients for measurement error...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#9
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418716/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-five-factor-model-adolescent-personality-questionnaire-ffm-apq
#10
Mary E Rogers, A Ian Glendon
This research reports on the 4-phase development of the 25-item Five-Factor Model Adolescent Personality Questionnaire (FFM-APQ). The purpose was to develop and determine initial evidence for validity of a brief adolescent personality inventory using a vocabulary that could be understood by adolescents up to 18 years old. Phase 1 (N = 48) consisted of item generation and expert (N = 5) review of items; Phase 2 (N = 179) involved item analyses; in Phase 3 (N = 496) exploratory factor analysis assessed the underlying structure; in Phase 4 (N = 405) confirmatory factor analyses resulted in a 25-item inventory with 5 subscales...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418709/psychological-assessment-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-3rd-ed-by-a-f-friedman-p-k-bolinskey-r-w-levak-d-s-nichols
#11
Elizabeth E Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414548/assessing-state-mental-contamination-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-state-mental-contamination-scale
#12
Rosemond T Lorona, Wade C Rowatt, Thomas A Fergus
This 2-part study described the development and preliminary validation of the State Mental Contamination Scale (SMCS), a multi-item self-report measure of state mental contamination. In Study 1, community adults (N = 211) in the United States were randomly assigned to a pathogen disgust, moral disgust, or neutral condition and then completed the SMCS. Study 1 results supported a 1-factor structure of the SMCS items. Scores on the SMCS items evidenced good internal consistency and strong interitem correlations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388289/the-role-of-personality-assessment-in-consulting-to-organizations
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388259/the-utility-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-scores-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-and-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Tayla T C Lee, John R Graham, Paul A Arbisi
This study was designed to determine whether scores on selected Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales could be used to differentiate between individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The sample was drawn from 2 psychiatric inpatient hospitals and included data from 199 individuals with SCZ and 808 individuals with MDD. A series of multivariate analyses of variance, analyses of variance, and odds ratios were calculated to determine which MMPI-2-RF scales provide the best differentiation between individuals presenting with these 2 disorders...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388229/psychological-testing-that-matters-creating-a-road-map-for-effective-treatment-by-anthony-d-bram-and-mary-jo-peebles
#15
Linda K Knauss, Ksera Dyette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388222/clinician-guided-assessment-of-personality-using-the-structural-interview-and-the-structured-interview-of-personality-organization-stipo
#16
Susanne Hörz-Sagstetter, Eve Caligor, Emanuele Preti, Barry L Stern, Chiara De Panfilis, John F Clarkin
This article demonstrates the utility of a theory-guided psychodynamic approach to the assessment of personality and personality pathology based on the object relations model developed by Kernberg (1984). We describe a clinical interview, the Structural Interview (SI; Kernberg, 1984), and also a semistructured approach, the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO; Clarkin, Caligor, Stern, & Kernberg, 2004) based on this theoretical model. Both interviews focus on the assessment of consolidated identity versus identity disturbance, the use of adaptive versus lower level defensive operations, and intact versus loss of reality testing...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375716/does-the-convergent-validity-of-the-pai-antisocial-features-scale-depend-on-offender-response-style
#17
Brett O Gardner, Marcus T Boccaccini
Researchers have recently questioned the utility of the response style indicators included on many self-report measures of personality and psychopathology. We examined whether the size of convergent validity coefficients for Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) Antisocial Features (ANT) scores depends on PAI validity scale scores. Using PAI and Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) scores from 477 offenders evaluated for civil commitment as sexually violent predators, we found that PAI Positive Impression (PIM), Negative Impression (NIM), Malingering Index (MAL), Defensiveness Index (DEF), and Infrequency (INF) scores moderated the association between ANT and PCL-R scores...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375651/an-interrater-reliability-study-of-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-raw-and-complexity-adjusted-scores
#18
Claudia Pignolo, Luciano Giromini, Agata Ando', Davide Ghirardello, Marzia Di Girolamo, Francesca Ales, Alessandro Zennaro
Recently, the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) was introduced to overcome some possible limitations of the Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2003 ) while continuing its efforts to link Rorschach inferences to their evidence base. An important, technical modification to the scoring system is that R-PAS interpretations are based on both standard scores and complexity-adjusted scores. Two previous U.S. studies reported good to excellent interrater reliability (IRR) for the great majority of R-PAS variables; however, IRR of complexity-adjusted scores has never been investigated...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375648/perfectionism-in-argentina-and-the-united-states-measurement-structure-invariance-and-implications-for-depression
#19
Fernán G Arana, Kenneth G Rice, Jeffrey S Ashby
The Revised Almost Perfect Scale (APS-R; Slaney, Mobley, Trippi, Ashby, & Johnson, 1996 ) was designed to measure perfectionistic strivings (standards), perfectionistic concerns (discrepancy), and preferences for neatness and organization (order). In this study, English and Spanish (Arana, Keegan, & Rutsztein, 2009 ) versions of the APS-R were compared in samples of 283 college students in Argentina and 311 U.S. students. The results offered support for cross-national scalar invariance for discrepancy and order items but standards items, with a few exceptions, raised concerns about their cross-national comparability...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353373/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-infant-behavior-questionnaire-very-short-form-an-item-response-theory-analysis-of-infant-temperament-in-new-zealand
#20
Elizabeth R Peterson, Jatender Mohal, Karen E Waldie, Elaine Reese, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Cameron C Grant, Susan M B Morton
The Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised Very Short Form (IBQ-R VSF; Putnam, Helbig, Gartstein, Rothbart, & Leerkes, 2014 ) is a newly published measure of infant temperament with a 3-factor structure. Recently Peterson et al. ( 2017 ) suggested that a 5-factor structure (Positive Affectivity/Surgency, Negative Emotionality, Orienting Capacity, Affiliation/Regulation, and Fear) was more parsimonious and showed promising reliability and predictive validity in a large, diverse sample. However, little is known about the 5-factor model's precision across the temperament dimensions range and whether it discriminates equally well across ethnicities...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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