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Journal of Personality Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613951/the-fantasy-questionnaire-a-measure-to-assess-creative-and-imaginative-fantasy
#1
David Weibel, Corinna S Martarelli, Diego Häberli, Fred W Mast
This article reports the construction and validation of a comprehensive self-report measure of fantasy. Unlike previous measures of fantasy, which focus on psychopathology, we conceive fantasy as a trait with positive connotation. Principal component analysis (N = 318) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 345) were conducted using 2 sociodemographically diverse samples. The results provided support for a 2-factor conceptualization of the construct, with the dimensions imaginative fantasy and creative fantasy...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594595/validation-of-the-sexual-sensation-seeking-scale-in-spanish-samples
#2
Pablo Santos-Iglesias, Nieves Moyano, Angel Castro, M Reina Granados, Juan Carlos Sierra
The aim of this study was to validate the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale (SSSS; Kalichman, 2011) in Spanish samples. Two independent studies were conducted. In Study 1, we examined the factor structure of the SSSS in a sample of 1,272 heterosexual undergraduate students (40.0% men, 60.0% women). Results revealed a 2-factor structure. Factor 1 was related to physical sexual sensations and risky sexual behaviors and Factor 2 was related to exploratory or novel sex. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this factor structure in a sample of 373 community adults (33...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594584/attribution-through-the-layperson-s-lens-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-inclusive-international-measure-of-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness
#3
Brandon A Knettel
Attributions, or beliefs about the causes of mental illness, have traditionally been dichotomized based on their locus, controllability, specificity, and stability. However, scholars have introduced an alternative lay beliefs model identifying attributions related to specific biological, social, and spiritual attributions. This research describes the potential benefits of this alternative model and outlines the validation of a comprehensive, international measure of lay beliefs, the Mental Illness Attribution Questionnaire (MIAQ)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541717/correction-to-an-investigation-of-interrater-reliability-for-the-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-in-a-nonpatient-u-s-sample
#4
Trisha M Kivisalu, Jennifer H Lewey, Thomas W Shaffer, Merle L Canfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537767/assessing-dimensions-of-pathological-narcissism-psychometric-properties-of-the-short-form-of-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory-in-a-sample-of-italian-university-students
#5
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Joshua D Miller
To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory-Short Form (FFNI-SF), 1,063 Italian university students were administered the scale, along with the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) and the Measure of Disordered Personality Functioning (MDPF). In general, the FFNI-SF scales showed good internal consistency (median α = .76; median interitem r = .44) and structural analyses suggested a 3-component model of FFNI-SF scales that was similar to that reported by Sherman et al...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537758/validation-of-the-empathy-quotient-in-mainland-china
#6
Qing Zhao, David L Neumann, Xiaoyan Cao, Simon Baron-Cohen, Xiang Sun, Yuan Cao, Chao Yan, Yuna Wang, Lin Shao, David H K Shum
This research aimed to validate a simplified Chinese version of the Empathy Quotient (EQ; 60 items) for use with Mainland Chinese people. The original English version of the EQ was translated into simplified Chinese. Through an online survey, 588 Mainland Chinese participants completed the EQ and 3 other questionnaires: the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Thirty-five participants completed retesting of the EQ 3 to 4 weeks later...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494161/the-anxiety-depression-distress-inventory-27-addi-27-new-evidence-of-factor-structure-item-level-measurement-invariance-and-validity
#7
Antonio F Garcia, Tiffany Berzins, Melina Acosta, Saifa Pirani, Augustine Osman
Three studies examining the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Anxiety Depression Distress Inventory-27 (ADDI-27) extended the initial instrument development studies for this recently introduced inventory. The ADDI-27 is an empirically derived short form of the Mood and Anxiety Questionaire-90 (MASQ-90) comprising three scales: Positive Affect, Somatic Anxiety, and General Distress. The main objectives of Study 1 (N = 700) were to examine the factor structure of the ADDI-27 and its measurement invariance across gender at the item level...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494160/forensic-psychological-assessment-in-forensic-practice-case-studies-by-c-de-ruiter-and-n-kaser-boyd
#8
Giselle A Hass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459296/jpa-promotes-open-science
#9
Steven K Huprich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448159/the-centrality-of-the-response-process-in-construct-validity-an-illustration-via-the-rorschach-space-response
#10
Joni L Mihura, Nicolae Dumitrascu, Manali Roy, Gregory J Meyer
Recently, psychologists have emphasized the response process-that is, the psychological operations and behaviors that lead to test scores-when designing psychological tests, interpreting their results, and refining their validity. To illustrate the centrality of the response process in construct validity and test interpretation, we provide a historical, conceptual, and empirical review of the main uses of the background white space of the Rorschach cards, called space reversal (SR) and space integration (SI) in the Rorschach Performance Assessment System...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436690/a-comparison-of-the-nomological-networks-associated-with-forced-choice-and-likert-formats-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory
#11
Joshua D Miller, Brittany Gentile, Nathan T Carter, Michael Crowe, Brian J Hoffman, W Keith Campbell
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is one of the most popular measures of narcissism. However, its use of a forced-choice response set might negatively affect some of its psychometric properties. The purpose of this research was to compare a Likert version of the NPI, in which only the narcissistic response of each pair was given, to the original NPI, in 3 samples of participants (N = 1,109). To this end, we compared the nomological networks of the forced-choice and Likert formats of the NPI in relation to alternative measures of narcissism, narcissistic personality disorder, entitlement, self-esteem, general personality traits (reported by self and informants), interpersonal styles, and general pathological traits included in the DSM-5...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436689/the-mentalization-scale-ments-a-self-report-measure-for-the-assessment-of-mentalizing-capacity
#12
Aleksandar Dimitrijević, Nataša Hanak, Ana Altaras Dimitrijević, Zorana Jolić Marjanović
The psychometric properties of a new 28-item self-report measure of mentalization, the Mentalization Scale (MentS), were examined in 2 studies: with a sample of employed adults and university students (N1 = 288 + 278) and with a sample of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and matched controls (N2 = 62 + 62). Besides the MentS, both studies employed measures of attachment and the Big Five; Study 1 also included assessments of empathy and emotional intelligence. MentS whole-scale internal consistency was good in the community and acceptable in the clinical sample (α = ...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418722/correction-to-patient-personality-and-relational-patterns-in-psychotherapy-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-psychotherapy-relationship-questionnaire
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418721/practical-applications-of-generalizability-theory-for-designing-evaluating-and-improving-psychological-assessments
#14
Walter P Vispoel, Carrie A Morris, Murat Kilinc
In this article, we illustrate how generalizability theory (G-theory) can extend traditional assessment methods for designing, improving, and evaluating results from both objectively and subjectively scored measures of individual differences. Our illustrations include quantification of multiple sources of measurement error, derivation of unique indexes of consistency for norm- and criterion-referenced interpretations of scores, estimation of score consistency when changing a measurement procedure, and disattenuation of correlation coefficients for measurement error...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#15
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418716/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-five-factor-model-adolescent-personality-questionnaire-ffm-apq
#16
Mary E Rogers, A Ian Glendon
This research reports on the 4-phase development of the 25-item Five-Factor Model Adolescent Personality Questionnaire (FFM-APQ). The purpose was to develop and determine initial evidence for validity of a brief adolescent personality inventory using a vocabulary that could be understood by adolescents up to 18 years old. Phase 1 (N = 48) consisted of item generation and expert (N = 5) review of items; Phase 2 (N = 179) involved item analyses; in Phase 3 (N = 496) exploratory factor analysis assessed the underlying structure; in Phase 4 (N = 405) confirmatory factor analyses resulted in a 25-item inventory with 5 subscales...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418709/psychological-assessment-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-3rd-ed-by-a-f-friedman-p-k-bolinskey-r-w-levak-d-s-nichols
#17
Elizabeth E Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414548/assessing-state-mental-contamination-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-state-mental-contamination-scale
#18
Rosemond T Lorona, Wade C Rowatt, Thomas A Fergus
This 2-part study described the development and preliminary validation of the State Mental Contamination Scale (SMCS), a multi-item self-report measure of state mental contamination. In Study 1, community adults (N = 211) in the United States were randomly assigned to a pathogen disgust, moral disgust, or neutral condition and then completed the SMCS. Study 1 results supported a 1-factor structure of the SMCS items. Scores on the SMCS items evidenced good internal consistency and strong interitem correlations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388259/the-utility-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-scores-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-and-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Tayla T C Lee, John R Graham, Paul A Arbisi
This study was designed to determine whether scores on selected Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales could be used to differentiate between individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The sample was drawn from 2 psychiatric inpatient hospitals and included data from 199 individuals with SCZ and 808 individuals with MDD. A series of multivariate analyses of variance, analyses of variance, and odds ratios were calculated to determine which MMPI-2-RF scales provide the best differentiation between individuals presenting with these 2 disorders...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388229/psychological-testing-that-matters-creating-a-road-map-for-effective-treatment-by-anthony-d-bram-and-mary-jo-peebles
#20
Linda K Knauss, Ksera Dyette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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