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Journal of Personality Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759266/evaluation-of-the-pai-a-anxiety-and-depression-scales-evidence-of-construct-validity
#1
Salome Vanwoerden, Lynne Steinberg, Amelia D Coffman, Daniel J Paulus, Leslie C Morey, Carla Sharp
Against the background of a dearth of studies examining the properties of the scale scores of the Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent (PAI-A; Morey, 2007), this study was conducted to evaluate evidence of construct validity for the Anxiety (ANX) and Depression (DEP) scales of the PAI-A. Convergent and discriminant validity of the ANX and DEP scale scores were investigated using a sample of adolescents admitted to the adolescent program of a private tertiary care inpatient treatment facility. Multiple methods assessing anxious and depressive symptomology and diagnoses were included...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708004/psychological-trait-resilience-within-ecological-systems-theory-the-resilient-systems-scales
#2
John Maltby, Liz Day, Heather D Flowe, Panos Vostanis, Sally Chivers
This project describes the development of the Resilient Systems Scales, created to address conceptual and methodological ambiguities in assessing the ecological systems model of resilience. Across a number of samples (total N = 986), our findings suggest that the Resilient Systems Scales show equivalence to a previously reported assessment (Maltby, Day, & Hall, 2015 ) in demonstrating the same factor structure, adequate intercorrelation between the 2 measures of resilience, and equivalent associations with personality and well-being...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707950/disentangling-gratitude-a-theoretical-and-psychometric-examination-of-the-gratitude-resentment-and-appreciation-test-revised-short-grat-rs
#3
Joseph H Hammer, Rachel E Brenner
This study extended our theoretical and applied understanding of gratitude through a psychometric examination of the most popular multidimensional measure of gratitude, the Gratitude, Resentment, and Appreciation Test-Revised Short form (GRAT-RS). Namely, the dimensionality of the GRAT-RS, the model-based reliability of the GRAT-RS total score and 3 subscale scores, and the incremental evidence of validity for its latent factors were assessed. Dimensionality measures (e.g., explained common variance) and confirmatory factor analysis results with 426 community adults indicated that the GRAT-RS conformed to a multidimensional (bifactor) structure...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678548/don-t-get-too-excited-assessing-individual-differences-in-the-down-regulation-of-positive-emotions
#4
Christopher Zou, Jason E Plaks, Jordan B Peterson
A voluminous literature has documented the importance of emotion regulation for health and well-being. The studies in this literature, however, have generally focused on the down-regulation of negative affect. Few studies have examined the down-regulation of positive affect. In Study 1, we constructed a scale, the revised Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale (r-RESE), which assesses both the down- and up-regulation of positive affect, in addition to the traditional down-regulation of negative affect. In Study 2, we conducted an extensive validation of the r-RESE scale, using a multimethod approach with informant ratings, to illustrate that the down-regulation of positive affect represents a process independent of each of the other forms of emotion regulation...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644691/the-evolution-of-psychological-testing-at-the-austen-riggs-center-a-theoretical-analysis
#5
Jeremy M Ridenour, Brittany Zimmerman
Theoretical perspectives on personality and the development of psychopathology have shifted markedly over the last 7 decades. However, it remains unclear how those changes affect mental health practice. Comprehensive and conscientiously recorded reports of psychological testing provide a clear window on this process because they comprise distinctive records of how patients are assessed and understood. For this study, we conducted an exploratory, qualitative analysis of the narratives of the testing reports over the past 65 years at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital and residential treatment center, to assess changes over time and to evaluate the influence that various factors had on the reports...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644680/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-global-rating-method-support-for-two-and-three-factor-models
#6
Caleb J Siefert, Michelle Stein, Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, Greg Haggerty, Samuel J Sinclair, Danielle Funke, Mark A Blais
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scales-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) contains 8 scales for coding narrative content. This study explores the factor structure of this measure using college (n = 171), outpatient (n = 239), and inpatient (n = 78) samples. Participants told stories to the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) cards. Stories were transcribed and coded by blind raters using the SCORS-G. Cases were randomly assigned to an exploratory or validation group. Exploratory factor analysis with the exploratory group suggested 2- and 3-factor models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613951/the-fantasy-questionnaire-a-measure-to-assess-creative-and-imaginative-fantasy
#7
David Weibel, Corinna S Martarelli, Diego Häberli, Fred W Mast
This article reports the construction and validation of a comprehensive self-report measure of fantasy. Unlike previous measures of fantasy, which focus on psychopathology, we conceive fantasy as a trait with positive connotation. Principal component analysis (N = 318) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 345) were conducted using 2 sociodemographically diverse samples. The results provided support for a 2-factor conceptualization of the construct, with the dimensions imaginative fantasy and creative fantasy...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594595/validation-of-the-sexual-sensation-seeking-scale-in-spanish-samples
#8
Pablo Santos-Iglesias, Nieves Moyano, Angel Castro, M Reina Granados, Juan Carlos Sierra
The aim of this study was to validate the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale (SSSS; Kalichman, 2011) in Spanish samples. Two independent studies were conducted. In Study 1, we examined the factor structure of the SSSS in a sample of 1,272 heterosexual undergraduate students (40.0% men, 60.0% women). Results revealed a 2-factor structure. Factor 1 was related to physical sexual sensations and risky sexual behaviors and Factor 2 was related to exploratory or novel sex. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this factor structure in a sample of 373 community adults (33...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594584/attribution-through-the-layperson-s-lens-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-inclusive-international-measure-of-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness
#9
Brandon A Knettel
Attributions, or beliefs about the causes of mental illness, have traditionally been dichotomized based on their locus, controllability, specificity, and stability. However, scholars have introduced an alternative lay beliefs model identifying attributions related to specific biological, social, and spiritual attributions. This research describes the potential benefits of this alternative model and outlines the validation of a comprehensive, international measure of lay beliefs, the Mental Illness Attribution Questionnaire (MIAQ)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541717/correction-to-an-investigation-of-interrater-reliability-for-the-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-in-a-nonpatient-u-s-sample
#10
Trisha M Kivisalu, Jennifer H Lewey, Thomas W Shaffer, Merle L Canfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537767/assessing-dimensions-of-pathological-narcissism-psychometric-properties-of-the-short-form-of-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory-in-a-sample-of-italian-university-students
#11
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Joshua D Miller
To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory-Short Form (FFNI-SF), 1,063 Italian university students were administered the scale, along with the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) and the Measure of Disordered Personality Functioning (MDPF). In general, the FFNI-SF scales showed good internal consistency (median α = .76; median interitem r = .44) and structural analyses suggested a 3-component model of FFNI-SF scales that was similar to that reported by Sherman et al...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537758/validation-of-the-empathy-quotient-in-mainland-china
#12
Qing Zhao, David L Neumann, Xiaoyan Cao, Simon Baron-Cohen, Xiang Sun, Yuan Cao, Chao Yan, Yuna Wang, Lin Shao, David H K Shum
This research aimed to validate a simplified Chinese version of the Empathy Quotient (EQ; 60 items) for use with Mainland Chinese people. The original English version of the EQ was translated into simplified Chinese. Through an online survey, 588 Mainland Chinese participants completed the EQ and 3 other questionnaires: the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Thirty-five participants completed retesting of the EQ 3 to 4 weeks later...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722517/introduction-to-special-section-personality-assessment-and-the-law
#13
Steven K Huprich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617142/the-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617141/therapeutic-assessment-with-adults-by-stephen-e-finn
#15
Christopher J Hopwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617140/introduction-to-the-special-section-linking-the-mmpi-2-rf-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathology
#16
Martin Sellbom, Paul A Arbisi
This special section considers 9 independent articles that seek to link the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/ 2011 ) to contemporary models of psychopathology. Sellbom ( this issue ) maps the Specific Problems scales onto hierarchical psychopathology structures, whereas Romero, Toorabally, Burchett, Tarescavage, and Glassmire ( this issue ) and Shkalim, Almagor, and Ben-Porath ( this issue ) show evidence of linking the instruments' scales to diagnostic representations of common higher order psychopathology constructs...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388289/the-role-of-personality-assessment-in-consulting-to-organizations
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849364/assessment-of-dsm-5-section-ii-personality-disorders-with-the-mmpi-2-rf-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#18
Martin Sellbom, Alexander Smith
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008 / 2011 ) is frequently used in clinical practice. However, there has been a dearth of literature on how well this instrument can assess symptoms associated with personality disorders (PDs). This investigation examined a range of hypothesized MMPI-2-RF scales in predicting PD symptoms. We evaluated these associations in a sample of 397 university students who had been administered the MMPI-2-RF and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders-Personality Questionnaire (First, Gibbon, Spitzer, Williams, & Benjamin, 1997 )...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808560/evidence-based-psychological-assessment
#19
Robert F Bornstein
In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), and as is true in most health care professions, the primary focus of EBPP has been on treatment. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to applying the principles of EBPP to psychological assessment, despite the fact that assessment plays a central role in myriad domains of empirical and applied psychology (e.g., research, forensics, behavioral health, risk management, diagnosis and classification in mental health settings, documentation of neuropsychological impairment and recovery, personnel selection and placement in organizational contexts)...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808558/construct-validity-of-the-mmpi-2-rf-triarchic-psychopathy-scales-in-correctional-and-collegiate-samples
#20
Taylor J Kutchen, Dustin B Wygant, Jessica L Tylicki, Amy M Dieter, Carlo O C Veltri, Martin Sellbom
This study examined the MMPI-2-RF (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) Triarchic Psychopathy scales recently developed by Sellbom et al. ( 2016 ) in 3 separate groups of male correctional inmates and 2 college samples. Participants were administered a diverse battery of psychopathy specific measures (e.g., Psychopathy Checklist-Revised [Hare, 2003 ], Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised [Lilienfeld & Widows, 2005 ], Triarchic Psychopathy Measure [Patrick, 2010 ]), omnibus personality and psychopathology measures such as the Personality Assessment Inventory (Morey, 2007 ) and Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012 ), and narrow-band measures that capture conceptually relevant constructs...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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