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Journal of Personality Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418722/correction-to-patient-personality-and-relational-patterns-in-psychotherapy-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-psychotherapy-relationship-questionnaire
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418721/practical-applications-of-generalizability-theory-for-designing-evaluating-and-improving-psychological-assessments
#2
Walter P Vispoel, Carrie A Morris, Murat Kilinc
In this article, we illustrate how generalizability theory (G-theory) can extend traditional assessment methods for designing, improving, and evaluating results from both objectively and subjectively scored measures of individual differences. Our illustrations include quantification of multiple sources of measurement error, derivation of unique indexes of consistency for norm- and criterion-referenced interpretations of scores, estimation of score consistency when changing a measurement procedure, and disattenuation of correlation coefficients for measurement error...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#3
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418716/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-five-factor-model-adolescent-personality-questionnaire-ffm-apq
#4
Mary E Rogers, A Ian Glendon
This research reports on the 4-phase development of the 25-item Five-Factor Model Adolescent Personality Questionnaire (FFM-APQ). The purpose was to develop and determine initial evidence for validity of a brief adolescent personality inventory using a vocabulary that could be understood by adolescents up to 18 years old. Phase 1 (N = 48) consisted of item generation and expert (N = 5) review of items; Phase 2 (N = 179) involved item analyses; in Phase 3 (N = 496) exploratory factor analysis assessed the underlying structure; in Phase 4 (N = 405) confirmatory factor analyses resulted in a 25-item inventory with 5 subscales...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418709/psychological-assessment-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-3rd-ed-by-a-f-friedman-p-r-bolinskey-r-w-levak-d-s-nichols
#5
Elizabeth E Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414548/assessing-state-mental-contamination-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-state-mental-contamination-scale
#6
Rosemond T Lorona, Wade C Rowatt, Thomas A Fergus
This 2-part study described the development and preliminary validation of the State Mental Contamination Scale (SMCS), a multi-item self-report measure of state mental contamination. In Study 1, community adults (N = 211) in the United States were randomly assigned to a pathogen disgust, moral disgust, or neutral condition and then completed the SMCS. Study 1 results supported a 1-factor structure of the SMCS items. Scores on the SMCS items evidenced good internal consistency and strong interitem correlations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388289/the-role-of-personality-assessment-in-consulting-to-organizations
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388259/the-utility-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-scores-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-and-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Tayla T C Lee, John R Graham, Paul A Arbisi
This study was designed to determine whether scores on selected Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales could be used to differentiate between individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The sample was drawn from 2 psychiatric inpatient hospitals and included data from 199 individuals with SCZ and 808 individuals with MDD. A series of multivariate analyses of variance, analyses of variance, and odds ratios were calculated to determine which MMPI-2-RF scales provide the best differentiation between individuals presenting with these 2 disorders...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388229/psychological-testing-that-matters-creating-a-road-map-for-effective-treatment-by-anthony-d-bram-and-mary-jo-peebles
#9
Linda K Knauss, Ksera Dyette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388222/clinician-guided-assessment-of-personality-using-the-structural-interview-and-the-structured-interview-of-personality-organization-stipo
#10
Susanne Hörz-Sagstetter, Eve Caligor, Emanuele Preti, Barry L Stern, Chiara De Panfilis, John F Clarkin
This article demonstrates the utility of a theory-guided psychodynamic approach to the assessment of personality and personality pathology based on the object relations model developed by Kernberg (1984). We describe a clinical interview, the Structural Interview (SI; Kernberg, 1984), and also a semistructured approach, the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO; Clarkin, Caligor, Stern, & Kernberg, 2004) based on this theoretical model. Both interviews focus on the assessment of consolidated identity versus identity disturbance, the use of adaptive versus lower level defensive operations, and intact versus loss of reality testing...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375716/does-the-convergent-validity-of-the-pai-antisocial-features-scale-depend-on-offender-response-style
#11
Brett O Gardner, Marcus T Boccaccini
Researchers have recently questioned the utility of the response style indicators included on many self-report measures of personality and psychopathology. We examined whether the size of convergent validity coefficients for Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) Antisocial Features (ANT) scores depends on PAI validity scale scores. Using PAI and Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) scores from 477 offenders evaluated for civil commitment as sexually violent predators, we found that PAI Positive Impression (PIM), Negative Impression (NIM), Malingering Index (MAL), Defensiveness Index (DEF), and Infrequency (INF) scores moderated the association between ANT and PCL-R scores...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375651/an-interrater-reliability-study-of-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-raw-and-complexity-adjusted-scores
#12
Claudia Pignolo, Luciano Giromini, Agata Ando', Davide Ghirardello, Marzia Di Girolamo, Francesca Ales, Alessandro Zennaro
Recently, the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) was introduced to overcome some possible limitations of the Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2003 ) while continuing its efforts to link Rorschach inferences to their evidence base. An important, technical modification to the scoring system is that R-PAS interpretations are based on both standard scores and complexity-adjusted scores. Two previous U.S. studies reported good to excellent interrater reliability (IRR) for the great majority of R-PAS variables; however, IRR of complexity-adjusted scores has never been investigated...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375648/perfectionism-in-argentina-and-the-united-states-measurement-structure-invariance-and-implications-for-depression
#13
Fernán G Arana, Kenneth G Rice, Jeffrey S Ashby
The Revised Almost Perfect Scale (APS-R; Slaney, Mobley, Trippi, Ashby, & Johnson, 1996 ) was designed to measure perfectionistic strivings (standards), perfectionistic concerns (discrepancy), and preferences for neatness and organization (order). In this study, English and Spanish (Arana, Keegan, & Rutsztein, 2009 ) versions of the APS-R were compared in samples of 283 college students in Argentina and 311 U.S. students. The results offered support for cross-national scalar invariance for discrepancy and order items but standards items, with a few exceptions, raised concerns about their cross-national comparability...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353373/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-infant-behavior-questionnaire-very-short-form-an-item-response-theory-analysis-of-infant-temperament-in-new-zealand
#14
Elizabeth R Peterson, Jatender Mohal, Karen E Waldie, Elaine Reese, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Cameron C Grant, Susan M B Morton
The Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised Very Short Form (IBQ-R VSF; Putnam, Helbig, Gartstein, Rothbart, & Leerkes, 2014 ) is a newly published measure of infant temperament with a 3-factor structure. Recently Peterson et al. ( 2017 ) suggested that a 5-factor structure (Positive Affectivity/Surgency, Negative Emotionality, Orienting Capacity, Affiliation/Regulation, and Fear) was more parsimonious and showed promising reliability and predictive validity in a large, diverse sample. However, little is known about the 5-factor model's precision across the temperament dimensions range and whether it discriminates equally well across ethnicities...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353367/infant-behavior-questionnaire-revised-very-short-form-a-new-factor-structure-s-associations-with-parenting-perceptions-and-child-language-outcomes
#15
Elizabeth R Peterson, Karen E Waldie, Jatender Mohal, Elaine Reese, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Cameron C Grant, Susan M B Morton
The Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised-Very Short Form (IBQ-R VSF; Putnam, Helbig, Gartstein, Rothbart, & Leerkes, 2014 ) is a new publicly available measure of infant temperament measuring positive affectivity/surgency (PAS), negative emotionality (NEG), and orienting and regulatory capacity (ORC). Although the initial psychometric properties of the 3-factor model appear promising, it has not been administered to a large and diverse sample and its predictive validity has not been established. This study administered the IBQ-R VSF to a diverse sample of 5,639 mothers of infants aged between 23 and 52 weeks...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300431/the-psychometric-costs-of-applicants-faking-examining-measurement-invariance-and-retest-correlations-across-response-conditions
#16
Georg Krammer, Markus Sommer, Martin E Arendasy
This study examines the stability of the response process and the rank-order of respondents responding to 3 personality scales in 4 different response conditions. Applicants to the University College of Teacher Education Styria (N = 243) completed personality scales as part of their college admission process. Half a year later, they retook the same personality scales in 1 of 3 randomly assigned experimental response conditions: honest, faking-good, or reproduce. Longitudinal means and covariance structure analyses showed that applicants' response processes could be partially reproduced after half a year, and respondents seemed to rely on an honest response behavior as a frame of reference...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296508/psychometric-aspects-of-the-depressive-experiences-questionnaire-implications-for-clinical-assessment-and-research
#17
Giorgio Falgares, Sandro De Santis, Salvatore Gullo, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Fabrizio Scrima, Stefano Livi
The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) is a self-report measure that assesses self-criticism and dependency, 2 personality traits that confer vulnerability to depression (Blatt, 2004 ). Over several decades, different, shortened versions of the DEQ have been constructed to offer an alternative to the complex scoring procedure of the original DEQ. This study explores the factor structure as well as the construct and convergent validity of the DEQ by comparing a clinical and nonclinical sample. We also compared the original DEQ with 5 shortened versions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287840/a-statistical-consideration-regarding-the-threshold-of-the-psychopathy-checklist-revised
#18
Steve Balsis, Alexander J Busch, Kevin M Wilfong, Joseph W Newman, John F Edens
The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003 ) is one of the most commonly used measures of psychopathy. Scores range from 0 to 40, and legal and mental health professionals sometimes rely on a cut score or threshold to classify individuals as psychopaths. This practice, among other things, assumes that all items contribute equally to the overall raw score. Results from an item response theory analysis (Bolt, Hare, Vitale, & Newman, 2004 ), however, indicate that PCL-R items differ in the amount of information they can provide about psychopathy...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287832/computer-scoring-of-emotional-awareness-in-a-nonclinical-population-of-young-adults
#19
Kimberly A Barchard, Caleb J Picker
The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS; Lane, Quinlan, Schwartz, Walker, & Zeitlin, 1990 ) is an open-ended measure of the ability to describe emotional reactions. Scoring the LEAS by hand is complex and time consuming (Barchard, Bajgar, Leaf, & Lane, 2010 ). Therefore, Program for Open-Ended Scoring (POES; Leaf & Barchard, 2010 ) was designed to score the LEAS quickly and easily. Using 268 undergraduates, this article compares traditional LEAS hand scoring to 6 POES methods, 2 of which are holistic methods that have never before been examined...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151016/assessing-reflective-parenting-in-interaction-with-school-aged-children
#20
Karin Ensink, Annie Leroux, Lina Normandin, Marko Biberdzic, Peter Fonagy
The aim of this study was to examine whether it was possible to develop a reliable and valid assessment of reflective parenting implicit in interaction with school-aged children using an adaptation of the Squiggle paradigm developed by Winnicott ( 1968 ) and a manualized coding system (Normandin, Leroux, Ensink, Terradas, & Fonagy, 2015 ). A total of 158 mother-child dyads participated when children were age 5 to 12. Of this group, 89 children had experienced sexual abuse. Interrater reliability using the manualized coding system was excellent...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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