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Journal of Personality Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151016/assessing-reflective-parenting-in-interaction-with-school-aged-children
#1
Karin Ensink, Annie Leroux, Lina Normandin, Marko Biberdzic, Peter Fonagy
The aim of this study was to examine whether it was possible to develop a reliable and valid assessment of reflective parenting implicit in interaction with school-aged children using an adaptation of the Squiggle paradigm developed by Winnicott ( 1968 ) and a manualized coding system (Normandin, Leroux, Ensink, Terradas, & Fonagy, 2015 ). A total of 158 mother-child dyads participated when children were age 5 to 12. Of this group, 89 children had experienced sexual abuse. Interrater reliability using the manualized coding system was excellent...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145746/personality-assessment-inventory-scores-as-predictors-of-evaluation-referrals-evaluator-opinions-and-commitment-decisions-in-sexually-violent-predator-cases
#2
Marcus T Boccaccini, Paige B Harris, Kathryn Schrantz, Jorge G Varela
We used data from more than 1,500 offenders to examine the association between Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991 ) scores and progress through the sexually violent predator (SVP) screening, evaluation, and commitment process. There was no clear association between PAI scores and referrals for full evaluations, but PAI scores were small to moderate predictors of evaluator opinions and diagnoses among offenders who underwent full evaluations. Higher Antisocial Features (ANT) scores were associated with diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder, but this association was moderated by offender response style...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145735/patient-personality-and-relational-patterns-in-psychotherapy-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-psychotherapy-relationship-questionnaire
#3
Annalisa Tanzilli, Antonello Colli, Ivan Gualco, Vittorio Lingiardi
The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the Psychotherapy Relationship Questionnaire (PRQ; Bradley, Heim, & Westen, 2005 ), a clinician report instrument that measures a wide spectrum of thoughts, feelings, motives, conflicts, and behaviors expressed by patients toward their therapists in psychotherapy. A national sample of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists (N   = 314) of different theoretical orientations completed the PRQ, as well as the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 (SWAP-200; Westen & Shedler, 1999a , 1999b ) to assess the personality of a patient in their care...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140679/examining-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale-in-four-distinct-populations-is-the-use-of-a-total-scale-score-justified
#4
Kristin D Neff, Tiffany A Whittaker, Anke Karl
This study examined the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) using a bifactor model, a higher order model, a 6-factor correlated model, a 2-factor correlated model, and a 1-factor model in 4 distinct populations: college undergraduates (N = 222), community adults (N = 1,394), individuals practicing Buddhist meditation (N = 215), and a clinical sample of individuals with a history of recurrent depression (N = 390). The 6-factor correlated model demonstrated the best fit across samples, whereas the 1- and 2-factor models had poor fit...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045560/exploring-children-s-induced-defensiveness-to-the-tell-me-a-story-test-temas
#5
Francesca Fantini, Aglaia Banis, Erica Dell'Acqua, Ilaria Durosini, Filippo Aschieri
This study examined the effect of inducing a defensive attitude (fake good) in children on their responses to the Tell Me a Story test (TEMAS; Costantino, Malgady, & Rogler, 1988 ). Different story elicitation procedures were employed to explore their efficacy for inducing a defensive response style in children. Eighty-four Italian children aged 8 to 10 years old completed the TEMAS and the L scale of the Behavioral Assessment Scale for Children-2 (BASC-2; Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2004 ), which were used to detect the adoption of a defensive attitude...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997227/aggressive-drive-derivatives-in-the-rorschachs-of-maltreated-children-and-adolescents-latent-structure-and-clinical-correlates
#6
David Joubert, Linda Webster
Psychological assessment can play an important role in informing the intervention process with child and adolescent victims of maltreatment. This study investigated the validity of the Rorschach in assessing aggressive drive derivatives using a profile-based approach, with a sample of 108 children and adolescents in foster care. Aggression indicators were derived from the work of Gacono and Meloy ( 1994 ). Latent class analysis yielded a 4-class model including gender and age as covariates. The first 2 classes were characterized by low prevalence rates across all indicators of aggression, and were distinguished primarily on the basis of participant's age...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997225/use-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-in-fitness-for-duty-evaluations-of-physicians
#7
Kimberly P Brown, Richard J Iannelli, Danielle P Marganoff
This study provides normative data regarding the use of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in physician fitness-for-duty evaluations. Information was derived from a sample of 371 physicians who took the PAI as part of a comprehensive fitness-for-duty evaluation. A multidisciplinary evaluation team, not blinded to psychological testing results, recommended whether or not each physician was fit to practice, allowing for the differentiation of results by this finding. The majority of PAI protocols were valid and interpretively useful...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929657/exploratory-factor-analysis-with-small-samples-and-missing-data
#8
Daniel McNeish
Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is an extremely popular method for determining the underlying factor structure for a set of variables. Due to its exploratory nature, EFA is notorious for being conducted with small sample sizes, and recent reviews of psychological research have reported that between 40% and 60% of applied studies have 200 or fewer observations. Recent methodological studies have addressed small size requirements for EFA models; however, these models have only considered complete data, which are the exception rather than the rule in psychology...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925772/which-domain-of-the-psy-5-is-most-relevant-to-substance-use
#9
William T Bryant, John L McNulty
Substance use has generally been related to lower levels of agreeableness and conscientiousness, but has evidenced relationships with other personality trait domains as well, including impulsivity. This study was conducted to determine which trait domain of personality is most related to substance use from the perspective of the Personality Psychopathology Five model (Harkness & McNulty, 1994 ). Archival data were used from 2 clinical settings: 1 outpatient community mental health center and 1 inpatient Veteran's Affairs hospital...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207347/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#10
Justin D Smith
This special section contains empirical and conceptual articles pertaining to the broad topic of teaching, training, and supervision of assessment. Despite some evidence of a decline in recent decades, assessment remains a defining practice of professional psychologists in many subfields, including clinical, counseling, school, and neuropsychology, that consumes a consequential proportion of their time. To restore assessment to its rightful place of prominence, a clear agenda needs to be developed for advancing teaching and training methods, increasing instruction to state-of-the-art methods, and defining aims that could be elucidated through empirical inquiry...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207346/the-implications-for-health-care-commentary-on-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#11
Elena J Eisman, Katherine Nordal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207345/a-competency-focused-commentary-on-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#12
Nadine J Kaslow, Glenn J Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715337/an-exploratory-study-examining-current-assessment-supervisory-practices-in-professional-psychology
#13
Sierra Iwanicki, Catherine Peterson
The extant literature reveals a considerable amount of research examining course work or technical training in psychological assessment, but a dearth of empirical research on assessment supervision. This study examined perspectives on current assessment supervisory practices in professional psychology through an online survey. Descriptive and qualitative data were collected from 125 survey respondents who were members of assessment-focused professional organizations and who had at least 1 year of supervision experience...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661474/hierarchical-structure-and-cross-cultural-measurement-invariance-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5
#14
Jens C Thimm, Stian Jordan, Bo Bach
: The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) was created to aid a trait-based diagnostic system for personality disorders (PDs) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. [DSM-5]; American Psychiatric Association, 2013a ). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the Norwegian version of the PID-5 by examining its score reliability, hierarchical structure, congruency with international findings, and cross-cultural measurement invariance with a matched U.S. SAMPLE: For this purpose, 503 university students (76% females) were administered the PID-5...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598924/exploring-the-assessment-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders-with-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#15
Alexander J Busch, Leslie C Morey, Christopher J Hopwood
Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. [DSM-5]; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) contains an alternative model for the diagnosis of personality disorder involving the assessment of 25 traits and a global level of overall personality functioning. There is hope that this model will be increasingly used in clinical and research settings, and the ability to apply established instruments to assess these concepts could facilitate this process. This study sought to develop scoring algorithms for these alternative model concepts using scales from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI)...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598792/psychometric-properties-and-normative-data-of-the-zuckerman-kuhlman-personality-questionnaire-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-sample
#16
Yolanda Martínez Ortega, Montserrat Gomà-I-Freixanet, Sergi Valero
The Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ; Zuckerman, Kuhlman, Joireman, Teta, & Kraft, 1993 ) was designed for the assessment of personality. The goal of this work was to determine the psychometric properties of the ZKPQ, as well as to establish normative data by gender and age in an outpatient sample attending primary mental health care services. We administered the questionnaire to 314 participants (34.7% males) 18 to 81 years old. The most prevalent primary diagnoses were mood (37.9%) and adjustment disorders (35...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494804/trait-variance-and-response-style-variance-in-the-scales-of-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-pid-5
#17
Michael C Ashton, Reinout E de Vries, Kibeom Lee
Using self- and observer reports on the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and the HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised (HEXACO-PI-R), we identified for each inventory several trait dimensions (each defined by both self- and observer reports on the facet-level scales belonging to the same domain) and 2 source dimensions (each defined by self-reports or by observer reports, respectively, on all facet-level scales). Results (N = 217) showed that the source dimensions of the PID-5 were very large (much larger than those of the HEXACO-PI-R), and suggest that self-report (or observer report) response styles substantially inflate the intercorrelations and the alpha reliabilities of the PID-5 scales...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458834/psychological-assessment-training-in-clinical-psychology-doctoral-programs
#18
Joni L Mihura, Manali Roy, Robert A Graceffo
We surveyed American Psychological Association-accredited clinical psychology doctoral programs' (n = 83) training in psychological assessment-specifically, their coverage of various assessment topics and tests in courses and practica, and whether the training was optional or required. We report results overall and separately per training model (clinical science, scientist-practitioner, and practitioner-focused). Overall, our results suggest that psychological assessment training is as active, or even more active, than in previous years...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391140/model-based-approaches-for-teaching-and-practicing-personality-assessment
#19
Mark A Blais, Christopher J Hopwood
Psychological assessment is a complex professional skill. Competence in assessment requires an extensive knowledge of personality, neuropsychology, social behavior, and psychopathology, a background in psychometrics, familiarity with a range of multimethod tools, cognitive flexibility, skepticism, and interpersonal sensitivity. This complexity makes assessment a challenge to teach and learn, particularly as the investment of resources and time in assessment has waned in psychological training programs over the last few decades...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332625/training-and-consultation-in-psychological-assessment-with-professional-psychologists-suggestions-for-enhancing-the-profession-and-individual-practices
#20
F Barton Evans, Stephen E Finn
Once central to the identity and practice of clinical psychology, psychological assessment (PA) is currently more limited in professional practice and generally less emphasized in graduate training programs than in the past. Performance-based personality tests especially are taught and used less, even though scientific evidence of their utility and validity has never been stronger. We review research on training in PA and discuss challenges that contributed to its decreased popularity. We then review continuing education requirements for ethical practice in PA and recommend that PA should be reconceptualized as a specialty best practiced by psychologists who have the resources and time to maintain competency...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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