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Journal of Personality Assessment

Kate Clauss, Joseph R Bardeen
The purpose of this three-part study was to identify and correct psychometric limitations of the Attentional Control Scale (ACS; Derryberry & Reed, 2002 ) via bifactor modeling and item modification. In Study 1 (N = 956), results from exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) suggested that the multidimensionality of the ACS might be a function of a method effect (i.e., reverse coding). In Study 2 (N = 478), reverse-coded items were recoded in a straightforward manner and submitted to EFA...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Donald J Viglione, Luciano Giromini, Patricia Landis, Joseph M McCullaugh, Todd D Pizitz, Suzanne O'Brien, Sonya Wood, Katie Connell, Atara Abramsky
This article introduces the Inventory of Problems (IOP)-a new, computerized, 181-item tool designed to discriminate bona fide from feigned mental illness and cognitive impairment-and presents the development and validation of its focal, feigning scale, the False Disorder Score (IOP-FDS). The initial sample included (a) 211 patients and 64 offenders who took the IOP under standard conditions, and (b) 210 community volunteers and 64 offenders who feigned mental illness. We split this sample into three subsamples...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Andrew J Kremyar, Tayla T C Lee, William Ajayi, Lesley A Friedhoff, John R Graham
Previous empirical studies have established that poor mental and physical health often cooccur. However, positive health behaviors and outcomes have been demonstrated to buffer against psychological dysfunction. Thus, the ability to assess for positive health behaviors and outcomes with instruments commonly used in practice, such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), is important. However, no study has examined the ability of MMPI-2-RF somatic scale scores to predict positive health behaviors among a healthy population...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Carlo Garofalo, Mirthe G C Noteborn, Martin Sellbom, Stefan Bogaerts
The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy (LSRP) scale is widely used to assess psychopathic traits in noninstitutionalized samples. Recent studies suggest that a three-factor structure measuring Egocentricity, Callousness, and Antisocial factors outperformed the original two-factor structure of the LSRP. This study replicated and extended these findings by examining the factor structure and construct validity of a Dutch version of the LSRP in a community sample (N = 856, subsamples ranging between 140 and 572 participants)...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Yossef S Ben-Porath
Butcher, Hass, Greene, Nelson, Nichols, and Williams ( 2018 ) responded to my (Ben-Porath, 2018 ) critique of Butcher, Hass, Greene, and Nelson's (2015) analysis of Ted Kaczynski's MMPI-2-RF, purporting to find logical fallacies in my arguments and shortcomings in my interpretation of MMPI-2-RF scales. Butcher et al. ( 2018 ) repeated several previously refuted arguments and opinions, while failing to acknowledge, let alone consider, prior responses to their claims. In this rejoinder I refute (again) Butcher et al...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Robert F Bornstein
In recent years the limitations of traditional categorical frameworks for conceptualizing and diagnosing psychopathology have become increasingly clear, prompting the development of dimensional models wherein psychological dysfunction is assessed on a series of continua. Two frameworks have been particularly influential: the Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD) outlined in DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ), and the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP; Kotov et al., 2017 )...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Marvin W Acklin
This article focuses on ethical quandaries in the practice of indirect personality assessment in non-health-service psychology. Indirect personality assessment methods do not involve face-to-face interaction. Personality assessment at a distance is a methodological development of personality and social psychology, psychobiography, and psychohistory. Indirect personality methods are used in clinical, forensic, law enforcement, public safety, and national security settings. Psychology practice in non-health-service settings creates tensions between principles of beneficence and duty to society...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
María Isabel Gómez-Núñez, María Soledad Torregrosa, Cándido J Inglés, Nelly G Lagos San Martín, Ricardo Sanmartín, María Vicent, José Manuel García-Fernández
The purpose of this study is to adapt the Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS-24; Fernández-Berrocal, Extremera, & Ramos, 2004 , Spanish short version of the TMMS, Salovey, Mayer, Goldman, Turvey, & Palfai, 1995 ) to the Chilean adolescent population (13-17 years), analyzing the psychometric properties of the instrument through confirmatory factor analyses, factor invariance analysis, and latent mean differences. For this purpose, a sample of 3,255 secondary and high school students, between 12 and 18 years old (M = 15...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Francesca Liga, Sonia Ingoglia, Francesca Cuzzocrea, Cristiano Inguglia, Sebastiano Costa, Alida Lo Coco, Rosalba Larcan
The Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNSFS) is a self-report instrument assessing the satisfaction and frustration of the three basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness defined by self-determination theory. The aim of this study was to examine the dimensionality, the predictive validity, and the measurement invariance across different age groups of the Italian version of the BPNSFS. The participants were 2,204 Italian adolescents and young adults (41% males) from 14 to 28 years old (M age = 20...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Chester Chun Seng Kam
The assumption of population homogeneity in the measurement of dispositional optimism was examined. U.S. and Canadian respondents (N = 591) completed an optimism scale. Possible population heterogeneity was analyzed using factor mixture modeling. Two major results emerged. First, population homogeneity was not supported: A large class of participants had trouble giving consistent answers to optimism items, optimism and pessimism items, or, especially, pessimism items. Second, after the removal of this problematic class, the correlation between optimism and pessimism was found to be ...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Jake T Epker, John K Kreymer, Andrew R Block
It is not uncommon for patients to report diminished outcomes as a result of spine surgery or a spinal cord stimulator implant. Presurgical psychological evaluations are increasingly used to identify patients at increased risk for such outcomes and use of personality assessment instruments in these evaluations provides incremental information beyond a clinical interview and medical chart review. This investigation explores the psychometric properties of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in a sample of spine surgery patients (n = 810) and in a sample of spinal cord stimulator patients (n = 533)...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Glenn D Walters
The goal of this study was to determine whether measures of proactive and reactive criminal thinking display divergent patterns of correlation with outside criteria. A sample of 3,039 male medium-security federal prisoners who completed the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) served as participants in this study. Despite being highly correlated (r = .75), the PICTS proactive and reactive scales displayed divergent patterns of correlation with the eight risk/outcome measures. As predicted, the proactive scale corresponded with lower criminal risk, older age of first conviction, and decreased odds of prior substance misuse and mental illness, whereas the reactive scale corresponded with higher criminal risk, earlier age of first conviction, greater odds of prior substance misuse and mental illness, and more evidence of subsequent arrest...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jana Zitzmann, Petra Warschburger
This study examined psychometric properties of figure rating scales, particularly the effects of ascending silhouette ordering, in 153 children, 9 to 13 years old. Two versions of Collins's (1991) figural rating scale were presented: the original scale (figures arranged ascendingly) and a modified version (randomized figure ordering). Ratings of current and ideal figure were elicited and body dissatisfaction was calculated. All children were randomly assigned to one of two subgroups and completed both scale versions in a different sequence...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Christopher Zou, Jason E Plaks, Jordan B Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Cody G Dodd, Seth C Courrégé, Nathan C Weed, Mark A Deskovitz
Do MMPI-2 or MMPI-2-RF profiles differ in how accurately they depict examinees? To explore this question, we examined differences in clinical descriptions of equivalent profiles from the two instruments. Fourteen valid MMPI-2 protocols from an archival private practice sample were scored as both the MMPI-2 and the MMPI-2-RF. The resulting 28 profiles were coded separately by four raters using the Midwestern Q-Sort. Examinee descriptions from the two instruments were compared in terms of their (a) similarity, operationalized by q-correlations between corresponding MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF ratings; (b) descriptive validity, operationalized by correlations with q-sorts provided by the examinees' therapists; and (c) incremental descriptive validity, operationalized by incremental prediction of the therapist q-sorts by the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF, one over the other...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Dwight C K Tse, Vienne Wing-Yan Lau, Rachael Perlman, Michael McLaughlin
Autotelic personality is a constellation of dispositional attributes that facilitate engagement and enjoyment in daily activities. However, there is no existing measurement directly capturing the attributes of autotelic personality that are identified in the literature. In the three studies reported here (total N = 900), we developed an Autotelic Personality Questionnaire (APQ) and evaluated its reliability and validity. Results from the studies provide support for adequate internal consistency, longitudinal invariance, and test-retest reliability (Study 1 and Study 2)...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Emily D Gottfried, Tiffany M Harrop, Joye C Anestis, Noah C Venables, Martin Sellbom
This study sought to expand scientific knowledge on psychopathic personality traits in female offenders by evaluating the relationship between MMPI-2-RF triarchic scales and self-reported external variables in a sample of 205 female offenders. Results indicated that boldness was inversely related to internalizing dysfunction, including suicidal behavior, psychosis, youth conduct problems, problems stemming from alcohol use, and a history of outpatient mental health treatment. Meanness was positively related to internalizing dysfunction as well as youth conduct problems, anger, prison disciplinary reports, and psychosis...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jana-Elisa Rueth, Arnold Lohaus, Marc Vierhaus
Emotional awareness is an important variable for children's and adolescents' social and emotional development. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties (e.g., factor structure, internal consistencies) of scores on the German translation of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008 ). Furthermore, to examine the concurrent validity, associations of the six subscales (Differentiating Emotions, Verbal Sharing of Emotions, Not Hiding Emotions, Bodily Unawareness, Attending to Others' Emotions, Analyses of Emotions) with emotion regulation, internalizing and externalizing problems, and prosocial behavior were investigated...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Donna S Bender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
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