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Journal of Personality Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708004/psychological-trait-resilience-within-ecological-systems-theory-the-resilient-systems-scales
#1
John Maltby, Liz Day, Heather D Flowe, Panos Vostanis, Sally Chivers
This project describes the development of the Resilient Systems Scales, created to address conceptual and methodological ambiguities in assessing the ecological systems model of resilience. Across a number of samples (total N = 986), our findings suggest that the Resilient Systems Scales show equivalence to a previously reported assessment (Maltby, Day, & Hall, 2015 ) in demonstrating the same factor structure, adequate intercorrelation between the 2 measures of resilience, and equivalent associations with personality and well-being...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707950/disentangling-gratitude-a-theoretical-and-psychometric-examination-of-the-gratitude-resentment-and-appreciation-test-revised-short-grat-rs
#2
Joseph H Hammer, Rachel E Brenner
This study extended our theoretical and applied understanding of gratitude through a psychometric examination of the most popular multidimensional measure of gratitude, the Gratitude, Resentment, and Appreciation Test-Revised Short form (GRAT-RS). Namely, the dimensionality of the GRAT-RS, the model-based reliability of the GRAT-RS total score and 3 subscale scores, and the incremental evidence of validity for its latent factors were assessed. Dimensionality measures (e.g., explained common variance) and confirmatory factor analysis results with 426 community adults indicated that the GRAT-RS conformed to a multidimensional (bifactor) structure...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678548/don-t-get-too-excited-assessing-individual-differences-in-the-down-regulation-of-positive-emotions
#3
Christopher Zou, Jason E Plaks, Jordan B Peterson
A voluminous literature has documented the importance of emotion regulation for health and well-being. The studies in this literature, however, have generally focused on the down-regulation of negative affect. Few studies have examined the down-regulation of positive affect. In Study 1, we constructed a scale, the revised Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale (r-RESE), which assesses both the down- and up-regulation of positive affect, in addition to the traditional down-regulation of negative affect. In Study 2, we conducted an extensive validation of the r-RESE scale, using a multimethod approach with informant ratings, to illustrate that the down-regulation of positive affect represents a process independent of each of the other forms of emotion regulation...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644691/the-evolution-of-psychological-testing-at-the-austen-riggs-center-a-theoretical-analysis
#4
Jeremy M Ridenour, Brittany Zimmerman
Theoretical perspectives on personality and the development of psychopathology have shifted markedly over the last 7 decades. However, it remains unclear how those changes affect mental health practice. Comprehensive and conscientiously recorded reports of psychological testing provide a clear window on this process because they comprise distinctive records of how patients are assessed and understood. For this study, we conducted an exploratory, qualitative analysis of the narratives of the testing reports over the past 65 years at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital and residential treatment center, to assess changes over time and to evaluate the influence that various factors had on the reports...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644680/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-global-rating-method-support-for-two-and-three-factor-models
#5
Caleb J Siefert, Michelle Stein, Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, Greg Haggerty, Samuel J Sinclair, Danielle Funke, Mark A Blais
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scales-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) contains 8 scales for coding narrative content. This study explores the factor structure of this measure using college (n = 171), outpatient (n = 239), and inpatient (n = 78) samples. Participants told stories to the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) cards. Stories were transcribed and coded by blind raters using the SCORS-G. Cases were randomly assigned to an exploratory or validation group. Exploratory factor analysis with the exploratory group suggested 2- and 3-factor models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613951/the-fantasy-questionnaire-a-measure-to-assess-creative-and-imaginative-fantasy
#6
David Weibel, Corinna S Martarelli, Diego Häberli, Fred W Mast
This article reports the construction and validation of a comprehensive self-report measure of fantasy. Unlike previous measures of fantasy, which focus on psychopathology, we conceive fantasy as a trait with positive connotation. Principal component analysis (N = 318) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 345) were conducted using 2 sociodemographically diverse samples. The results provided support for a 2-factor conceptualization of the construct, with the dimensions imaginative fantasy and creative fantasy...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594595/validation-of-the-sexual-sensation-seeking-scale-in-spanish-samples
#7
Pablo Santos-Iglesias, Nieves Moyano, Angel Castro, M Reina Granados, Juan Carlos Sierra
The aim of this study was to validate the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale (SSSS; Kalichman, 2011) in Spanish samples. Two independent studies were conducted. In Study 1, we examined the factor structure of the SSSS in a sample of 1,272 heterosexual undergraduate students (40.0% men, 60.0% women). Results revealed a 2-factor structure. Factor 1 was related to physical sexual sensations and risky sexual behaviors and Factor 2 was related to exploratory or novel sex. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this factor structure in a sample of 373 community adults (33...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594584/attribution-through-the-layperson-s-lens-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-inclusive-international-measure-of-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness
#8
Brandon A Knettel
Attributions, or beliefs about the causes of mental illness, have traditionally been dichotomized based on their locus, controllability, specificity, and stability. However, scholars have introduced an alternative lay beliefs model identifying attributions related to specific biological, social, and spiritual attributions. This research describes the potential benefits of this alternative model and outlines the validation of a comprehensive, international measure of lay beliefs, the Mental Illness Attribution Questionnaire (MIAQ)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541717/correction-to-an-investigation-of-interrater-reliability-for-the-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-in-a-nonpatient-u-s-sample
#9
Trisha M Kivisalu, Jennifer H Lewey, Thomas W Shaffer, Merle L Canfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537767/assessing-dimensions-of-pathological-narcissism-psychometric-properties-of-the-short-form-of-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory-in-a-sample-of-italian-university-students
#10
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Joshua D Miller
To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory-Short Form (FFNI-SF), 1,063 Italian university students were administered the scale, along with the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) and the Measure of Disordered Personality Functioning (MDPF). In general, the FFNI-SF scales showed good internal consistency (median α = .76; median interitem r = .44) and structural analyses suggested a 3-component model of FFNI-SF scales that was similar to that reported by Sherman et al...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537758/validation-of-the-empathy-quotient-in-mainland-china
#11
Qing Zhao, David L Neumann, Xiaoyan Cao, Simon Baron-Cohen, Xiang Sun, Yuan Cao, Chao Yan, Yuna Wang, Lin Shao, David H K Shum
This research aimed to validate a simplified Chinese version of the Empathy Quotient (EQ; 60 items) for use with Mainland Chinese people. The original English version of the EQ was translated into simplified Chinese. Through an online survey, 588 Mainland Chinese participants completed the EQ and 3 other questionnaires: the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Thirty-five participants completed retesting of the EQ 3 to 4 weeks later...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494161/the-anxiety-depression-distress-inventory-27-addi-27-new-evidence-of-factor-structure-item-level-measurement-invariance-and-validity
#12
Antonio F Garcia, Tiffany Berzins, Melina Acosta, Saifa Pirani, Augustine Osman
Three studies examining the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Anxiety Depression Distress Inventory-27 (ADDI-27) extended the initial instrument development studies for this recently introduced inventory. The ADDI-27 is an empirically derived short form of the Mood and Anxiety Questionaire-90 (MASQ-90) comprising three scales: Positive Affect, Somatic Anxiety, and General Distress. The main objectives of Study 1 (N = 700) were to examine the factor structure of the ADDI-27 and its measurement invariance across gender at the item level...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494160/forensic-psychological-assessment-in-forensic-practice-case-studies-by-c-de-ruiter-and-n-kaser-boyd
#13
Giselle A Hass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459296/jpa-promotes-open-science
#14
Steven K Huprich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448159/the-centrality-of-the-response-process-in-construct-validity-an-illustration-via-the-rorschach-space-response
#15
Joni L Mihura, Nicolae Dumitrascu, Manali Roy, Gregory J Meyer
Recently, psychologists have emphasized the response process-that is, the psychological operations and behaviors that lead to test scores-when designing psychological tests, interpreting their results, and refining their validity. To illustrate the centrality of the response process in construct validity and test interpretation, we provide a historical, conceptual, and empirical review of the main uses of the background white space of the Rorschach cards, called space reversal (SR) and space integration (SI) in the Rorschach Performance Assessment System...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436690/a-comparison-of-the-nomological-networks-associated-with-forced-choice-and-likert-formats-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory
#16
Joshua D Miller, Brittany Gentile, Nathan T Carter, Michael Crowe, Brian J Hoffman, W Keith Campbell
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is one of the most popular measures of narcissism. However, its use of a forced-choice response set might negatively affect some of its psychometric properties. The purpose of this research was to compare a Likert version of the NPI, in which only the narcissistic response of each pair was given, to the original NPI, in 3 samples of participants (N = 1,109). To this end, we compared the nomological networks of the forced-choice and Likert formats of the NPI in relation to alternative measures of narcissism, narcissistic personality disorder, entitlement, self-esteem, general personality traits (reported by self and informants), interpersonal styles, and general pathological traits included in the DSM-5...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436689/the-mentalization-scale-ments-a-self-report-measure-for-the-assessment-of-mentalizing-capacity
#17
Aleksandar Dimitrijević, Nataša Hanak, Ana Altaras Dimitrijević, Zorana Jolić Marjanović
The psychometric properties of a new 28-item self-report measure of mentalization, the Mentalization Scale (MentS), were examined in 2 studies: with a sample of employed adults and university students (N1 = 288 + 278) and with a sample of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and matched controls (N2 = 62 + 62). Besides the MentS, both studies employed measures of attachment and the Big Five; Study 1 also included assessments of empathy and emotional intelligence. MentS whole-scale internal consistency was good in the community and acceptable in the clinical sample (α = ...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722517/introduction-to-special-section-personality-assessment-and-the-law
#18
Steven K Huprich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617142/the-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617141/therapeutic-assessment-with-adults-by-stephen-e-finn
#20
Christopher J Hopwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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