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Journal of Personality Assessment

Glenn D Walters
The goal of this study was to determine whether measures of proactive and reactive criminal thinking display divergent patterns of correlation with outside criteria. A sample of 3,039 male medium-security federal prisoners who completed the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) served as participants in this study. Despite being highly correlated (r = .75), the PICTS proactive and reactive scales displayed divergent patterns of correlation with the eight risk/outcome measures. As predicted, the proactive scale corresponded with lower criminal risk, older age of first conviction, and decreased odds of prior substance misuse and mental illness, whereas the reactive scale corresponded with higher criminal risk, earlier age of first conviction, greater odds of prior substance misuse and mental illness, and more evidence of subsequent arrest...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jana Zitzmann, Petra Warschburger
This study examined psychometric properties of figure rating scales, particularly the effects of ascending silhouette ordering, in 153 children, 9 to 13 years old. Two versions of Collins's (1991) figural rating scale were presented: the original scale (figures arranged ascendingly) and a modified version (randomized figure ordering). Ratings of current and ideal figure were elicited and body dissatisfaction was calculated. All children were randomly assigned to one of two subgroups and completed both scale versions in a different sequence...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Christopher Zou, Jason E Plaks, Jordan B Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Cody G Dodd, Seth C Courrégé, Nathan C Weed, Mark A Deskovitz
Do MMPI-2 or MMPI-2-RF profiles differ in how accurately they depict examinees? To explore this question, we examined differences in clinical descriptions of equivalent profiles from the two instruments. Fourteen valid MMPI-2 protocols from an archival private practice sample were scored as both the MMPI-2 and the MMPI-2-RF. The resulting 28 profiles were coded separately by four raters using the Midwestern Q-Sort. Examinee descriptions from the two instruments were compared in terms of their (a) similarity, operationalized by q-correlations between corresponding MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF ratings; (b) descriptive validity, operationalized by correlations with q-sorts provided by the examinees' therapists; and (c) incremental descriptive validity, operationalized by incremental prediction of the therapist q-sorts by the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF, one over the other...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Dwight C K Tse, Vienne Wing-Yan Lau, Rachael Perlman, Michael McLaughlin
Autotelic personality is a constellation of dispositional attributes that facilitate engagement and enjoyment in daily activities. However, there is no existing measurement directly capturing the attributes of autotelic personality that are identified in the literature. In the three studies reported here (total N = 900), we developed an Autotelic Personality Questionnaire (APQ) and evaluated its reliability and validity. Results from the studies provide support for adequate internal consistency, longitudinal invariance, and test-retest reliability (Study 1 and Study 2)...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Emily D Gottfried, Tiffany M Harrop, Joye C Anestis, Noah C Venables, Martin Sellbom
This study sought to expand scientific knowledge on psychopathic personality traits in female offenders by evaluating the relationship between MMPI-2-RF triarchic scales and self-reported external variables in a sample of 205 female offenders. Results indicated that boldness was inversely related to internalizing dysfunction, including suicidal behavior, psychosis, youth conduct problems, problems stemming from alcohol use, and a history of outpatient mental health treatment. Meanness was positively related to internalizing dysfunction as well as youth conduct problems, anger, prison disciplinary reports, and psychosis...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jana-Elisa Rueth, Arnold Lohaus, Marc Vierhaus
Emotional awareness is an important variable for children's and adolescents' social and emotional development. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties (e.g., factor structure, internal consistencies) of scores on the German translation of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008 ). Furthermore, to examine the concurrent validity, associations of the six subscales (Differentiating Emotions, Verbal Sharing of Emotions, Not Hiding Emotions, Bodily Unawareness, Attending to Others' Emotions, Analyses of Emotions) with emotion regulation, internalizing and externalizing problems, and prosocial behavior were investigated...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Donna S Bender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Paul M Spengler, Nathan T Walters, Eric Bryan, Brandon S Millspaugh
In this study we replicated and extended Wetter and Corrigan's ( 1995 ) commonly cited convenience survey of attorneys and law students regarding their attitudes toward coaching litigants prior to forensic psychological testing. We conducted a target survey of attorneys practicing in specialty areas of law where it is common to enlist psychological testing as part of legal proceedings (family law, juvenile law, personal injury, criminal law, social security/disability, workman's compensation). The estimated prevalence of attorneys who endorse providing their clients with information about the presence of MMPI-2 validity scales is 53%, with a 95% confidence interval of ±7%...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Hesham F Gadelrab
Most personality research in the workplace relies on self-reports. Although self-report measures are believed to assess the explicit aspect of personality, a more recent approach for assessing implicit personality is based on conditional reasoning. The Conditional Reasoning Test for Aggression (CRT-A) was developed to assess implicit cognitions that justify aggressive behavior. The integrative model of personality proposes that both the explicit and implicit personality interact together to predict different behavioral outcomes...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Natasha Benfer, Joseph R Bardeen, Thomas A Fergus, Travis A Rogers
The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS; Gratz & Roemer, 2004 ) is a self-report measure that assesses six facets of emotion dysregulation. A modified version of the DERS (M-DERS) was developed to address psychometric limitations of the original measure (Bardeen, Fergus, Hannan, & Orcutt, 2016 ). Although the factor structure of the M-DERS (i.e., two models: correlated trait and second-order models) has been supported via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the tenability of a bifactor model of the M-DERS has yet to be examined...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Gregory J Meyer, Abufazel Hosseininasab, Donald J Viglione, Joni L Mihura, Ety Berant, Ana Cristina Resende, Jennifer Reese
The Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) introduced R-optimized administration to reduce variability in the number of Responses (R). We provide new data from six studies of participants randomly assigned to receive a version of this method or Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2003 ) administration. We examine how administration methods affect 3 types of codes most likely to contain potential projective material and the frequency of these codes for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or last response to a card (R in Card)...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Benjamin A Berry, Gregory J Meyer
The locations people use when constructing responses to the Rorschach task demonstrate their style of perceiving the environment. Current systems code location use into three mutually exclusive categories: use of the whole inkblot (W), common detail areas (D), and rare detail areas (Dd). The location of objects within multiobject W responses typically are never classified and those within D areas might or might not be, which could lead to a biased understanding of the visual structure embedded in the task. To better understand this structure, we systematically coded the location of all individual response objects in 145 normative protocols, finding some notable differences relative to conventional coding guidelines...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
James N Butcher, Giselle A Hass, Roger L Greene, Linda D Nelson, David S Nichols, Carolyn L Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
María Rubio-Aparicio, Rosa M Núñez-Núñez, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José Antonio López-Pina, Fulgencio Marín-Martínez, José Antonio López-López
The Padua Inventory-Washington State University Revision (PI-WSUR) is a frequently used test to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms in screening and clinical contexts. A reliability generalization meta-analysis was carried out to estimate the average reliability of the PI-WSUR scores and its subscales and to search for characteristics of the studies that can explain the heterogeneity among reliability coefficients. A total of 124 independent samples reported some coefficient alpha or test-retest correlation with the data at hand for the PI-WSUR scores...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Tore Buer Christensen, Muirne C S Paap, Marianne Arnesen, Karoline Koritzinsky, Tor-Erik Nysaeter, Ingeborg Eikenaes, Sara Germans Selvik, Kristoffer Walther, Svenn Torgersen, Donna S Bender, Andrew E Skodol, Elfrida Kvarstein, Geir Pedersen, Benjamin Hummelen
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) presents an alternative model for personality disorders in which severity of personality pathology is evaluated by the Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS). The Structured Interview for the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders, Module I (SCID-5-AMPD I) is a new tool for LPFS assessment, but its interrater reliability (IRR) has not yet been tested. Here we examined the reliability of the Norwegian translation of the SCID-5-AMPD I, applying two different designs: IRR assessment based on ratings of 17 video-recorded SCID-5-AMPD I interviews by five raters; and test-retest IRR based on interviews of 33 patients administered by two different raters within a short interval...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Carlos Burneo-Garcés, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, Raimundo Aguayo-Estremera, Miguel Pérez-García
The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991 , 2007 ) is among the most important personality and psychopathology assessment tools. However, its psychometric properties in the Spanish-speaking prison population have not yet been studied. We aimed to explore the factor structure of the Spanish adaptation of the PAI (Ortiz-Tallo et al., 2011 ) in an Ecuadorian sample of 811 convicted men using exploratory structural equation modeling, with the further objective of confirming its internal consistency...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Thomas A Schmitt, Daniel A Sass, Wayne Chappelle, William Thompson
Despite the broad literature base on factor analysis best practices, research seeking to evaluate a measure's psychometric properties frequently fails to consider or follow these recommendations. This leads to incorrect factor structures, numerous and often overly complex competing factor models and, perhaps most harmful, biased model results. Our goal is to demonstrate a practical and actionable process for factor analysis through (a) an overview of six statistical and psychometric issues and approaches to be aware of, investigate, and report when engaging in factor structure validation, along with a flowchart for recommended procedures to understand latent factor structures; (b) demonstrating these issues to provide a summary of the updated Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL-5) factor models and a rationale for validation; and (c) conducting a comprehensive statistical and psychometric validation of the PCL-5 factor structure to demonstrate all the issues we described earlier...
July 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Nadia Al-Dajani, Tara M Gralnick, R Michael Bagby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
R Michael Bagby, Martin Sellbom
The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5; Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012) is a self-report instrument designed to assess the personality traits of the alternative model of personality disorders (AMPD) in Section III of the DSM-5. Despite its relatively recent introduction to the field, the instrument is frequently and widely used. One criticism of this instrument is that it does not include validity scales to detect potentially invalidating response style, including noncredible over- and underreporting and inconsistent (random) responding...
July 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
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