journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European Journal of Pharmacology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545778/current-pharmacological-developments-in-2-3-4-5-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-tsg
#1
REVIEW
Jingjing Wu, Wenfeng Hu, Yu Gong, Peng Wang, Lijuan Tong, Xiangfan Chen, Zhuo Chen, Xiaole Xu, Wenjuan Yao, Wei Zhang, Chao Huang
2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG), a resveratrol analog with glucoside, is purified from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine polygonum multiflorum. It has been extensively studied in last decade and known to exert strong anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and free radical scavenging activities, and therefore has been listed as a potential agent for disease therapies. Recent studies extend well-beyond effects of TSG on the injury of neurons, cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells, and report important functions of TSG in a lot of pathophysiological conditions...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545777/inhibitory-effects-of-doxycycline-on-the-onset-and-progression-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-and-its-related-mechanisms
#2
Maomao Yu, Cong Chen, Yini Cao, Rong Qi
The objective of this study was to investigate whether doxycycline (DOX) given at different doses and via different administration routes had protective or therapeutic effects on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) induced by elastase in mice. Moreover, the anti-AAA mechanism of DOX was studied in TNF-α-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) in vitro. For in vivo study, either daily administration of 30mg/kg of DOX by gavage or intraperitoneal injection of 15mg/kg DOX every other day for 14 days significantly prevented the development of AAA at its early stage...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533173/targeting-human-telomerase-rna-component-using-antisense-oligonucleotide-induces-rapid-cell-death-and-increases-ato-induced-apoptosis-in-apl-cells
#3
Leila Asghari-Kia, Davood Bashash, Ava Safaroghli-Azar, Majid Momeny, Mohsen Hamidpour, Seyed H Ghaffari
The impressive advances carried out in designing pharmacological strategies with the aim of telomerase inhibition in cancers emerged a consensus that telomerase-targeted therapies could be exciting prospect in repertoire of future cancer strategies. The results of the present study indicated that targeting telomerase using an oligonucleotide-based molecule against human telomerase RNA template (hTR ASODN) reduced the survival rate of NB4 cells and induced a caspase-3-dependent apoptosis. Our finding was even noticeable in the synergistic experiments, where we found an enhanced reduction in the viability of the cells after short-term treatment with ATO in combination with the inhibitor...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533172/new-drug-strategies-to-tackle-viral-host-interactions-for-the-treatment-of-influenza-virus-infections
#4
REVIEW
Simonides I van de Wakker, Marcel J E Fischer, Ronald S Oosting
The influenza virus (IV) is a highly contagious virus causing seasonal global outbreaks affecting annually up to 20% of the world's population and leading to 250,000-500,000 deaths worldwide. Current vaccines have variable effectiveness, and, in particular during a pandemic outbreak, they are probably not available in the amounts needed to protect the world population. Therefore we need effective small molecule drugs to combat an IV infection and that can be produced, in case of pandemic, rapidly and in large quantities...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529142/gender-differences-in-the-effects-of-cathinone-and-the-interaction-with-caffeine-on-temperature-and-locomotor-activity-in-the-rat
#5
Hadeel A Alsufyani, James R Docherty
We have investigated gender differences in the effects of cathinone and the interaction with caffeine on temperature and movement activity in Wistar rats. Telemetry probes were implanted in rats under isoflurane anaesthesia, and 7 days later, temperature and activity were recorded in conscious unrestrained animals. Caffeine (10mg/lkg) or vehicle, and 30min later, cathinone (5mg/kg) or vehicle, were injected subcutaneously. Cathinone produced significant and marked increases in activity, and the response to cathinone was significantly greater in female animals...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529141/z-505-hydrochloride-an-orally-active-ghrelin-agonist-attenuates-the-progression-of-cancer-cachexia-via-anabolic-hormones-in-colon-26-tumor-bearing-mice
#6
Makoto Yoshimura, Yoshihiro Shiomi, Yuta Ohira, Mineo Takei, Takao Tanaka
Cancer cachexia is a progressive wasting syndrome characterized by anorexia and weight loss, specifically muscle wasting and fat depletion. There is no therapeutic agent for treatment of this syndrome. We investigated the anti-cachexia effects of Z-505 hydrochloride (Z-505), a new oral growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a) agonist, using a mouse model of cancer cachexia. We performed a calcium flux assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells stably expressing human GHSR1a to quantify the agonistic activity of Z-505...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529140/magnesium-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-by-regulating-the-expression-of-renal-transporters
#7
Yoshitaka Saito, Keisuke Okamoto, Masaki Kobayashi, Katsuya Narumi, Takehiro Yamada, Ken Iseki
Cisplatin (CDDP)-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN) is one of the most serious toxicities caused by this potent antitumor agent. It has been reported that Mg premedication attenuates CIN in clinical trials; however, the mechanism underlying its nephroprotection is not fully understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether Mg administration affects CDDP accumulation by regulating the expression level of renal transporters. Rats were divided into control, Mg (40mg/kg) alone, 2.5mg/kg CDDP with (20 and 40mg/kg) and without Mg, 5mg/kg CDDP groups...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529139/psychopharmacology-of-combined-activation-of-the-serotonin1a-and-%C3%AF-1-receptors
#8
REVIEW
Yukio Ago, Shigeru Hasebe, Naoki Hiramatsu, Hitoshi Hashimoto, Kazuhiro Takuma, Toshio Matsuda
The selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are generally used for the treatment of major depressive disorders, and the 5-HT1A and σ1 receptors are considered to be targets for treatment of psychiatric disorders. Some SSRIs such as fluvoxamine have agonistic activity towards for the σ1 receptor, but it is not known whether the effect on the receptor plays a key role in the pharmacological effects. We have recently demonstrated that fluvoxamine shows an anti-anhedonic effect in picrotoxin-induced model of anxiety/depression, while the SSRI paroxetine, which have little affinity for the σ1 receptor, does not...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526339/magnesium-isoglycyrrhizinate-blocks-fructose-induced-hepatic-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-lipid-metabolism-disorder
#9
Xiao-Juan Zhao, Yan-Zi Yang, Yan-Jing Zheng, Shan-Chun Wang, Hong-Mei Gu, Ying Pan, Shui-Juan Wang, Hong-Jiang Xu, Ling-Dong Kong
Magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate as a hepatoprotective agent possesses immune modulation and anti-inflammation, and treats liver diseases. But its effects on immunological-inflammatory and metabolic profiles for metabolic syndrome with liver injury and underlying potential mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate alleviated liver inflammation and lipid accumulation in fructose-fed rats with metabolic syndrome. It also suppressed hepatic inflammatory signaling activation by reducing protein levels of phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B p65 (p-NF-κB p65), inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase α/β (p-IKKα/β) and inhibitor of NF-κB α (p-IκBα) as well as nucleotide-binding domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) and Caspase-1 in rats, being consistent with its reduction of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-6 levels...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526338/redox-signaling-in-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-induced-cardioprotection-evidences-and-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Lovedeep Singh, Puneet Kaur Randhawa, Nirmal Singh, Amteshwar Singh Jaggi
Reactive oxygen species are the reactive molecules that are derived from molecular oxygen and play an important role as redox signaling molecules to confer cardioprotection. Various scientists have demonstrated the key role of redox signaling in cardioprotection by showing a transient increase in their levels during remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) phase. The transient increase in reactive oxygen species levels during remote preconditioning phase may take place either through activation of KATP channels or through increased nitric oxide (NO) production...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514645/oleanolic-acid-modulates-the-renin-angiotensin-system-and-cardiac-natriuretic-hormone-concomitantly-with-volume-and-pressure-balance-in-rats
#11
You Mee Ahn, Yoon Hee Choi, Jung Joo Yoon, Yun Jung Lee, Kyung Woo Cho, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
Oleanolic acid is known to possess beneficial effects on the regulation of the cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the exact nature of the role of oleanolic acid on the regulation of body fluid balance and blood pressure homeostasis and its mechanisms involved are not well defined. Experiments were performed to identify the effects of oleanolic acid on the renin-angiotensin system and cardiac natriuretic hormone (ANP) system, and also renal function and blood pressure in normotensive and renovascular hypertensive rats...
May 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511871/effect-of-distigmine-on-the-contractile-response-of-guinea-pig-urinary-bladder-to-electrical-field-stimulation
#12
Keisuke Obara, Yurina Kobayashi, Daisuke Chino, Yoshio Tanaka
Distigmine bromide (distigmine) is a reversible carbamate group cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor. Although mainly used clinically for the treatment of myasthenia gravis, distigmine is also indicated for detrusor underactivity in Japan. According to the pharmacological classification of distigmine, its therapeutic effect against detrusor underactivity appears to be produced by enhanced urinary bladder smooth muscle (UBSM) contractility due to an increased concentration of acetylcholine between parasympathetic nerve endings and UBSM cells...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511870/atp-sensitive-k-channels-maintain-resting-membrane-potential-in-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-from-the-mouse-colon
#13
Ji Sun Na, Chansik Hong, Man Woo Kim, Chan Guk Park, Hyun Goo Kang, Mei Jin Wu, Han Yi Jiao, Seok Choi, Jae Yeoul Jun
To investigate the role of ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channels on pacemaker activity in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), whole-cell patch clamping, RT-PCR, and intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) imaging were performed in cultured colonic ICC. Pinacidil (a K(+) channel opener) hyperpolarized the membrane and inhibited the generation of pacemaker potential, and this effect was reversed by glibenclamide (a KATP channel blocker). RT-PCR showed that Kir 6.1 and SUR2B were expressed in Ano-1 positive colonic ICC. Glibenclamide depolarized the membrane and increased pacemaker potential frequency...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506912/characterization-and-comparison-of-sglt2-inhibitors-part-3-effects-on-diabetic-complications-in-type-2-diabetic-mice
#14
Atsuo Tahara, Toshiyuki Takasu, Masanori Yokono, Masakazu Imamura, Eiji Kurosaki
In this study, we investigated and compared the effects of all six sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors commercially available in Japan on diabetes-related diseases and complications in type 2 diabetic mice. Following 4-week repeated administration to diabetic mice, all SGLT2 inhibitors showed significant improvement in diabetes-related diseases and complications, including obesity; abnormal lipid metabolism; steatohepatitis; inflammation; endothelial dysfunction; and nephropathy. While all SGLT2 inhibitors exerted comparable effects in reducing hyperglycemia, improvement of these diabetes-related diseases and complications was more potent with the two long-acting drugs (ipragliflozin and dapagliflozin) than with the four intermediate-acting four drugs (tofogliflozin, canagliflozin, empagliflozin, and luseogliflozin), albeit without statistical significance...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506911/mangiferin-protects-against
#15
Shorouk M El-Sayyad, Ayman A Soubh, Azza S Awad, Hanan S El-Abhar
AIM: Mangiferin (MF), a xanthonoid from Mangifera indica, possesses anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and potent antioxidant effects; however, its protective effect against mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced liver injury has not been fully clarified. The study was designed to assess the possible mechanism of action of MF against mesenteric I/R model. MAIN METHODS: Male Wister rats were treated with MF (20mg/kg, i.p) or the vehicle for 3 days before I/R, which was induced by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 30minutes followed by declamping for 60minutes...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506910/omecamtiv-mecarbil-activates-ryanodine-receptors-from-canine-cardiac-but-not-skeletal-muscle
#16
Péter Nánási, Marta Gaburjakova, Jana Gaburjakova, János Almássy
Due to the limited results achieved in the clinical treatment of heart failure, a new inotropic strategy of myosin motor activation has been developed. The lead molecule of myosin activator agents is omecamtiv mecarbil, which binds directly to the heavy chain of the cardiac β-myosin and enhances cardiac contractility by lengthening the lifetime of the acto-myosin complex and increasing the number of the active force-generating cross-bridges. In the absence of relevant data, the effect of omecamtiv mecarbil on canine cardiac ryanodine receptors (RyR 2) has been investigated in the present study by measuring the electrical activity of single RyR 2 channels incorporated into planar lipid bilayer...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506909/the-selective-effect-of-glycyrrhizin-and-glycyrrhetinic-acid-on-topoisomerase-ii%C3%AE-and-apoptosis-in-combination-with-etoposide-on-triple-negative-breast-cancer-mda-mb-231-cells
#17
Yun Cai, Boxin Zhao, Qianying Liang, Yunqi Zhang, Jieying Cai, Guofeng Li
Triple negative breast cancer(TNBC) has generated growing interests due to its aggressive biologic behavior and absence of targeted therapy approach. Glycyrrhizin(GL) from licorice root and its metabolite, glycyrrhetinic acid(GA) have shown extensive bioactivities in clinic. Here, we demonstrate that GL and GA have contrary anti-cancer effect on TNBC MDA-MB-231 cells. Beside its inhibition of cell proliferation, GA at non-cytotoxic concentration showed synergistic effect in combination with anti-cancer drug, etoposide(VP-16)...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506908/effects-of-the-fibroblast-activation-protein-inhibitor-pt100-in-a-murine-model-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#18
Christine Egger, Catherine Cannet, Christelle Gérard, Thomas Suply, Iwona Ksiazek, Elizabeth Jarman, Nicolau Beckmann
Bleomycin (BLM) induced lung injury is detectable in C57BL/6 mice using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We investigated the effects of the fibroblast activation protein (FAP) inhibitor, PT100, in this model. BLM (0.5 mg/kg/day) was administered on days -7, -6, -5, -2, -1, 0 in the nostrils of male mice. PT100 (40 µg/mouse) or vehicle (0.9%NaCl) was dosed per os twice daily from day 1 to 14. MRI was performed before BLM and at days 0, 7 and 14. After the last MRI acquisition, animals were euthanised and the lungs harvested for histological and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502631/a-brain-targeted-ampakine-compound-protects-against-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression
#19
Wei Dai, Dian Xiao, Xiang Gao, Xin-Bo Zhou, Tong-Yu Fang, Zheng Yong, Rui-Bin Su
The use of opioid drugs for pain relief can induce life-threatening respiratory depression. Although naloxone effectively counteracts opioid-induced respiratory depression, it diminishes the efficacy of analgesia. Our studies indicate that ampakines, in particular, a brain-targeted compound XD-8-17C, are able to reverse respiratory depression without affecting analgesia at relatively low doses. Mice and rats were subcutaneously or intravenously injected with the opioid agonist TH-030418 to induce moderate or severe respiratory depression...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502630/new-opioid-receptor-antagonist-naltrexone-14-o-sulfate-synthesis-and-pharmacology
#20
Ferenc Zádor, Kornél Király, András Váradi, Mihály Balogh, Ágnes Fehér, Dóra Kocsis, Anna I Erdei, Erzsébet Lackó, Zoltán S Zádori, Sándor Hosztafi, Béla Noszál, Pál Riba, Sándor Benyhe, Susanna Fürst, Mahmoud Al-Khrasani
Opioid antagonists, naloxone and naltrexone have long been used in clinical practice and research. In addition to their low selectivity, they easily pass through the blood-brain barrier. Quaternization of the amine group in these molecules, (e.g. methylnaltrexone) results in negligible CNS penetration. In addition, zwitterionic compounds have been reported to have limited CNS access. The current study, for the first time gives report on the synthesis and the in vitro [competition binding, G-protein activation, isolated mouse vas deferens (MVD) and mouse colon assay] pharmacology of the zwitterionic compound, naltrexone-14-O-sulfate...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
journal
journal
25226
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"