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Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077224/recommendations-for-choosing-single-case-data-analytical-techniques
#1
Rumen Manolov, Mariola Moeyaert
The current paper responds to the need to provide guidance to applied single-case researchers regarding the possibilities of data analysis. The amount of available single-case data analytical techniques has been growing during recent years and a general overview, comparing the possibilities of these techniques, is missing. Such an overview is provided that refers to techniques that yield results in terms of a raw or standardized difference and procedures related to regression analysis, as well as nonoverlap and percentage change indices...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077223/an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial-of-personalized-lifestyle-advice-and-tandem-skydives-as-a-means-to-reduce-anhedonia
#2
Eeske Van Roekel, Charlotte Vrijen, Vera E Heininga, Maurits Masselink, Elisabeth H Bos, Albertine J Oldehinkel
Anhedonia is a major public health concern and has proven particularly difficult to counteract. It has been hypothesized that anhedonia can be deterred by engagement in rewarding social and physical events. The aims of the present study were to examine (1) the effects of personalized lifestyle advice based on observed individual patterns of lifestyle factors and experienced pleasure in anhedonic young adults; and (2) whether a tandem skydive can enhance the motivation to carry out the recommended lifestyle changes...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077222/prediction-of-relapse-after-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-in-individuals-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-survival-analysis
#3
Enrique Echeburúa, Montserrat Gómez, Montserrat Freixa
Gambling disorder (GD) in individuals with chronic schizophrenia is relevant because there are higher rates of GD in schizophrenic populations (10%) than in the nonschizophrenic population (1%-5%). In addition, these patients have more severe alcohol use disorder (i.e., meeting at least 6 of the DSM-5 11 criteria for diagnosis of this disorder), higher depression scores, a poor adherence to treatment, and more frequent use of outpatient mental health care. One of the main problems in GD is therapeutic failure (defined as three or more lapse episodes during treatment) or relapse (three or more lapse episodes in the follow-up period)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077221/interpersonal-problems-predict-differential-response-to-cognitive-versus-behavioral-treatment-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Michelle G Newman, Nicholas C Jacobson, Thane M Erickson, Aaron J Fisher
OBJECTIVE: We examined dimensional interpersonal problems as moderators of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) versus its components (cognitive therapy [CT] and behavioral therapy [BT]). We predicted that people with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) whose interpersonal problems reflected more dominance and intrusiveness would respond best to a relaxation-based BT compared to CT or CBT, based on studies showing that people with personality features associated with a need for autonomy respond best to treatments that are more experiential, concrete, and self-directed compared to therapies involving abstract analysis of one's problems (e...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077220/examining-the-impact-of-suicide-attempt-function-and-perceived-effectiveness-in-predicting-reattempt-for-emergency-medicine-patients
#5
Stephen S O'Connor, Katherine Anne Comtois, David C Atkins, Amanda H Kerbrat
While previous studies have examined motivational aspects of self-directed violence, few studies have included specific motivations in predictive models for future suicide attempts. The current study utilized a sample of 160 individuals treated in an acute emergency setting following a suicide attempt who completed an interview battery that included an assessment of functional aspects of the index suicide attempt. A follow-up interview was conducted at 6 months to ascertain subsequent suicide attempts. The functional domains of suicide attempts were labeled as reduction-of-distress, communication, perceived better alternative to living, and self-loathing...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077219/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-using-mind-over-mood-cbt-skill-use-and-differential-symptom-alleviation
#6
Lance L Hawley, Christine A Padesky, Steven D Hollon, Enza Mancuso, Judith M Laposa, Karen Brozina, Zindel V Segal
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression is highly effective. An essential element of this therapy involves acquiring and utilizing CBT skills; however, it is unclear whether the type of CBT skill used is associated with differential symptom alleviation. Outpatients (N = 356) diagnosed with a primary mood disorder received 14 two-hour group sessions of CBT for depression, using the Mind Over Mood protocol. In each session, patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory and throughout the week they reported on their use of CBT skills: behavioral activation (BA), cognitive restructuring (CR), and core belief (CB) strategies...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077218/a-person-by-situation-account-of-why-some-people-more-frequently-engage-in-upward-appearance-comparison-behaviors-in-everyday-life
#7
Adam Rogers, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Vivienne Lewis, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson
Although the influence of stable, trait-like factors (such as trait body dissatisfaction and appearance internalization) on instances of appearance comparison has been well documented, the additive and interactive influence of contextual factors (such as one's current body satisfaction) on comparison behaviors is unknown. Therefore, the present study tested a Person×Situation model in which both state and trait body image variables interacted to predict engagement in various forms of comparison (upward, downward, and lateral)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077217/corrigendum-to-assessing-decentering-validation-psychometric-properties-and-clinical-usefulness-of-the-experiences-questionnaire-in-a-spanish-sample-behavior-therapy-45-2014-863-871
#8
Joaquim Soler, Alba Franquesa, Albert Feliu-Soler, Ausias Cebolla, Javier García-Campayo, Rosa Tejedor, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa Baños, Juan Carlos Pascual, Maria J Portella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077216/current-definitions-of-transdiagnostic-in-treatment-development-a-search-for-consensus
#9
REVIEW
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Cassidy A Gutner, Todd J Farchione, Hannah T Boettcher, Jacqueline R Bullis, David H Barlow
Research in psychopathology has identified psychological processes that are relevant across a range of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) mental disorders, and these efforts have begun to produce treatment principles and protocols that can be applied transdiagnostically. However, review of recent work suggests that there has been great variability in conceptions of the term "transdiagnostic" in the treatment development literature. We believe that there is value in arriving at a common understanding of the term "transdiagnostic...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077215/analyzing-therapeutic-change-using-modified-brinley-plots-history-construction-and-interpretation
#10
Neville M Blampied
The paper reviews the history, construction, and interpretation of modified Brinley plots, a scatter plot used in therapy outcome research to compare each individual participant's scores on the same dependent variable at Time 1 (normally pretreatment baseline; x-axis), with scores at selected times during or after treatment (y-axis). Since 1965 eponymously named Brinley plots have occasionally been used in experimental psychology to display group mean data. Between 1979 and 1995 a number of clinical researchers modified Brinley plots to show individuals' data but these plots have received little subsequent use...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077214/intervention-effectiveness-of-the-incredible-years-new-insights-into-sociodemographic-and-intervention-based-moderators
#11
Joyce Weeland, Rabia R Chhangur, Danielle van der Giessen, Walter Matthys, Bram Orobio de Castro, Geertjan Overbeek
We tested the effectiveness of the preventive behavioral parent training (BPT) program, The Incredible Years (IY), and the independent effects of previously suggested sociodemographic and intervention-based moderator variables (i.e., initial severity of externalizing problem behavior, child gender, social economic status, family composition, and number of sessions parents attended), in a large-scale randomized controlled trial. Questionnaire and observation data from 387 parents and children ages 4-8 years (Mage= 6...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993346/a-meta-analysis-of-cultural-adaptations-of-psychological-interventions
#12
Gordon C Nagayama Hall, Alicia Yee Ibaraki, Ellen R Huang, C Nathan Marti, Eric Stice
Forehand and Kotchick (1996) issued a wake-up call to the field to develop culturally responsive interventions. Since that time, 11 meta-analyses on culturally adapted interventions have been conducted. To reconcile the differences of the previous meta- analyses, a new meta-analysis was conducted that included 13,998 participants, 95% of whom were non-European American, in 78 studies evaluating culturally adapted interventions with psychopathology outcomes. Using a random effects multilevel regression model, the overall effect size (g = 0...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993345/cultural-diversity-a-wake-up-call-for-parent-training-republished-article
#13
Rex Forehand, Beth A Kotchick
The United States is becoming increasingly culturally diverse. As a consequence, behavior therapists who utilize parent training as a therapeutic intervention for child behavior problems will likely encounter clients from various ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Unfortunately, the influence of cultural values on parenting behavior has been ignored in behavior therapy research. We examine the cultural context of parenting for four ethnic groups, consider the influence of cultural factors on parent training, and propose new research questions to be addressed by behavior therapists in the near future...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993344/personalized-psychotherapy-for-adult-depression-a-meta-analytic-review
#14
Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Ceren Acarturk, Gerhard Andersson, Ioana A Cristea
Personalized medicine is aimed at identifying which characteristics of an individual predict the outcome of a specific treatment, in order to get a better match between the individual and the treatment received. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing two psychotherapies directly in a group of depressed patients with a specific characteristic. We focused on the six most examined types of psychotherapy for adult depression. Our searches resulted in 41 studies with 2,741 patients who met inclusion criteria...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993343/the-heterogeneity-of-obesity-fitting-treatments-to-individuals-republished-article
#15
Kelly D Brownell, Thomas A Wadden
Body weight is regulated by a complex interaction of biological, behavioral, and cultural factors. The population as a whole is at risk for obesity because of increased intake of dietary fat, the consumption of calories in fewer meals per day, striking accessibility to palatable foods, and decreased physical activity. This risk may become a reality in individuals with certain biological predispositions (genetic tendency, low metabolic rate, increased fat cell number), specific eating patterns, and susceptibility to the extreme cultural pressure to be lean...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993342/individualized-behavior-therapy-for-alcoholics-republished-article
#16
Mark B Sobell, Linda C Sobell
A behavior therapy for alcoholism was designed based on the rationale that alcoholic drinking is a discriminated, operant response. Treatment emphasized determining setting events for each subject's drinking and training equally effective alternative responses to those situations. Seventy male, hospitalized, Gamma alcoholics were assigned to a treatment goal of either nondrinking (N=30) or controlled drinking (N=40). Subjects of each group were then randomly assigned to either an experimental group receiving 17 behavioral treatment sessions or a control group receiving only conventional treatment...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993341/bridging-the-gap-between-research-and-practice-in-mental-health-service-settings-an-overview-of-developments-in-implementation-theory-and-research
#17
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Cassidy A Gutner, Kirsten Langdon, Jessica R Graham
Twenty years after Sobell's (1996) influential call to integrate advances in behavior therapy into clinical settings, significant progress has been made in implementation science. In this narrative review, we provide an overview of implementation research findings and highlight recent findings that can inform efforts to bridge the gap between research and practice in mental health service settings. Key findings are summarized, organized according to levels of influence described in two implementation frameworks: The Exploration, Planning, Implementation, and Sustainment Framework (EPIS; Aarons et al...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993340/bridging-the-gap-between-scientists-and-practitioners-the-challenge-before-us-republished-article
#18
Linda Carter Sobell
The need to develop effective and efficient strategies for the dissemination of evidence-based health care has been recognized by governments, researchers, and clinicians alike. However, recognition and implementation are separate issues. If scientists are to have a significant impact on clinical practice, they will have to learn a new way of "doing business." Lessons from the business community and from the field of diffusion of innovations research (dissemination research) have direct applicability to disseminating science-based clinical procedures...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993339/considering-meta-analysis-meaning-and-metaphor-a-systematic-review-and-critical-examination-of-third-wave-cognitive-and-behavioral-therapies
#19
Sona Dimidjian, Joanna J Arch, Rebecca L Schneider, Philip Desormeau, Jennifer N Felder, Zindel V Segal
In this review, we examine common usage of the term "third wave" in the scientific literature, systematically review published meta-analyses of identified "third wave" therapies, and consider the implications and options for the use of "third wave" as a metaphor to describe the nature of and relationships among cognitive and behavioral therapies. We demonstrate that the "third wave" term has grown in its use over time, that it is commonly linked with specific therapies, and that the majority of such therapies have amassed a compelling evidence base attesting to their clinical and public health value...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993338/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-relational-frame-theory-and-the-third-wave-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-therapies-republished-article
#20
Steven C Hayes
The first wave of behavior therapy countered the excesses and scientific weakness of existing nonempirical clinical traditions through empirically studied first-order change efforts linked to behavioral principles targeting directly relevant clinical targets. The second wave was characterized by similar direct change efforts guided by social learning and cognitive principles that included cognitive in addition to behavioral and emotive targets. Various factors seem to have set the stage for a third wave, including anomalies in the current literature and philosophical changes...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
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