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Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405925/parameters-of-time-out-research-update-and-comparison-to-parenting-programs-books-and-online-recommendations
#1
REVIEW
Samantha M Corralejo, Scott A Jensen, Ashley D Greathouse, Leah E Ward
In reviews published more than 30 years ago, eight parameters important to the use of time-out were identified and available research was summarized. The purpose of the current paper is to provide an updated summary of existing research for each parameter of time-out. Within each parameter, we conducted a thorough review of the published literature and identified all peer-reviewed articles addressing each parameter. We identified and summarized a total of 46 articles across the eight parameters, including 32 not cited in previous reviews...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405924/multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescent-social-anxiety-adding-clarity-by-leveraging-reports-from-unfamiliar-peer-confederates
#2
Danielle E Deros, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Jeremy N Karp, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Brigitte I Grewe, Amelia Aldao, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescent social anxiety (SA) assessments often include adolescent and parent reports, and low reporting correspondence results in uncertainties in clinical decision-making. Adolescents display SA within non-home contexts such as peer interactions. Yet, current methods for collecting peer reports raise confidentiality concerns, though adolescent SA assessments nonetheless would benefit from context-specific reports relevant to adolescent SA (i.e., interactions with unfamiliar peers). In a sample of 89 adolescents (30 Evaluation-Seeking; 59 Community Control), we collected SA reports from adolescents and their parents, and SA reports from unfamiliar peer confederates who interacted with adolescents during 20-minute mock social interactions...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405923/effectiveness-of-web-and-mobile-based-treatment-of-subthreshold-depression-with-adherence-focused-guidance-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
David Daniel Ebert, Claudia Buntrock, Dirk Lehr, Filip Smit, Heleen Riper, Harald Baumeister, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking
Evidence for the impact of psychological Interventions for subthreshold depression (sD) is conflicting. Moreover, human resources to deliver such treatments are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention with adherence-focused guidance in the treatment of sD. Participants with sD (CES-D≥ 16, no Major Depressive Disorder according to DSM-IV criteria, N = 204) recruited via a large health insurance were randomly allocated to a web-based mobile-supported cognitive-behavioral intervention or to a waitlist control condition with unrestricted access to usual care...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405922/ptsd-symptom-severity-and-emotion-regulation-strategy-use-during-trauma-cue-exposure-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-associations-with-negative-affect-craving-and-cortisol-reactivity
#4
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Linnie E Wheeless, Rivka T Cohen, Kim L Gratz
The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pathology with a substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with emotion regulation deficits. However, studies in this area generally rely on trait-based emotion regulation measures, and there is limited information on the relation of PTSD pathology to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies in response to trauma-related distress among SUD patients or the consequences of these strategies for trauma cue reactivity. This study examined the relation of PTSD symptom severity to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies during trauma cue exposure among trauma-exposed SUD patients, as well as the indirect relations of PTSD symptom severity to changes in negative affect, cravings, and cortisol levels pre- to posttrauma cue exposure through different emotion regulation strategies...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405921/benchmarking-treatment-response-in-tourette-s-disorder-a-psychometric-evaluation-and-signal-detection-analysis-of-the-parent-tic-questionnaire
#5
Emily J Ricketts, Joseph F McGuire, Susanna Chang, Deepika Bose, Madeline M Rasch, Douglas W Woods, Matthew W Specht, John T Walkup, Lawrence Scahill, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, John Piacentini
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a parent-reported tic severity measure, the Parent Tic Questionnaire (PTQ), and used the scale to establish guidelines for delineating clinically significant tic treatment response. Participants were 126 children ages 9 to 17 who participated in a randomized controlled trial of Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT). Tic severity was assessed using the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS), Hopkins Motor/Vocal Tic Scale (HMVTS) and PTQ; positive treatment response was defined by a score of 1 (very much improved) or 2 (much improved) on the Clinical Global Impressions - Improvement (CGI-I) scale...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405920/comparing-children-s-memories-for-negative-versus-positive-events-in-the-context-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#6
Jemma Bray, Neil Brewer, Kate Cameron, Reginald D V Nixon
How well children remember negative events is not fully understood. Previous research has failed to simultaneously test memory and perceptions of memory for both negative and positive events. Children (n = 38, 7-17 years) recruited from a hospital following accidental injury were tested for their memory of an injury-producing accident (negative event) and a positive event (unexpectedly receiving a $50 gift voucher). Objective accuracy of memory, memory quality characteristics (e.g., how coherently the event was recalled), children's judgments of their memory (meta-cognitive), and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms were assessed 2 months post-injury...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405919/prospective-associations-between-sleep-disturbance-and-repetitive-negative-thinking-the-mediating-roles-of-focusing-and-shifting-attentional-control
#7
Rebecca C Cox, David A Cole, Eliza L Kramer, Bunmi O Olatunji
Although considerable evidence has linked sleep disturbance to symptoms of psychopathology, including repetitive negative thinking, few studies have examined how sleep disturbance may predict repetitive negative thinking over time. Further, no study to date has examined specific mechanisms that may account for this relationship. The present study sought to address these gaps in the literature by testing focusing and shifting attentional control as two potential mediators of the relationship between sleep disturbance and repetitive negative thinking over a 6-month period...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405918/economic-impact-of-third-wave-cognitive-behavioral-therapies-a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Albert Feliu-Soler, Ausiàs Cebolla, Lance M McCracken, Francesco D'Amico, Martin Knapp, Alba López-Montoyo, Javier García-Campayo, Joaquim Soler, Rosa M Baños, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, Laura Andrés-Rodriguez, María Rubio-Valera, Juan V Luciano
The term third-wave cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) encompasses new forms of CBT that both extend and innovate within CBT. Most third-wave therapies have been subject to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on clinical effectiveness; however, the number and quality of economic evaluations in these RCTs has been unknown and may be few. Evidence about efficiency of these therapies may help support decisions on efficient allocation of resources in health policies. The main aim of this study was to systematically review the economic impact of third-wave therapies in the treatment of patients with physical or mental conditions...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405917/can-a-mediator-moderate-considering-the-role-of-time-and-change-in-the-mediator-moderator-distinction
#9
Bryan T Karazsia, Kristoffer S Berlin
The concepts of mediation and moderation are important for specifying ways in which psychological treatments work and for whom they are most beneficial. Historically, the terms were confused and used interchangeably, so a rich body of scholarly literature makes clear their distinction. Researchers are also becoming increasingly aware that mediation and moderation can be integrated and that such integration can advance theory development and testing. One question that has not received sufficient attention is whether a mediator can simultaneously moderate...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405916/do-self-incentives-and-self-rewards-change-behavior-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Emma M Brown, Debbie M Smith, Tracy Epton, Christopher J Armitage
Encouraging people to self-incentivize (i.e., to reward themselves in the future if they are successful in changing their behavior) or self-reward (i.e., prompt people to reward themselves once they have successfully changed their behavior) are techniques that are frequently embedded within complex behavior change interventions. However, it is not clear whether self-incentives or self-rewards per se are effective at bringing about behavior change. Nine databases were searched alongside manual searching of systematic reviews and online research registers...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405915/presidential-address-are-the-obsessive-compulsive-related-disorders-related-to-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-critical-look-at-dsm-5-s-new-category
#11
Jonathan S Abramowitz
The 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) includes a new class of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) that includes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and a handful of other putatively related conditions. Although this new category promises to raise awareness of underrecognized and understudied problems, the empirical validity and practical utility of this new DSM category is questionable. This article critically examines the arguments underlying the new OCRD class, illuminates a number of problems with this class, and then discusses implications for clinicians and researchers...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029682/a-comparison-of-veterans-who-repeat-versus-who-do-not-repeat-a-course-of-manualized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Jeremiah A Schumm, Nicole D Pukay-Martin, Whitney L Gore
Despite evidence that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is effective, some individuals do not experience clinically significant reduction or remission of their PTSD symptoms. These individuals may return for additional PTSD-focused psychotherapy. However, there is no research to know whether PTSD treatment repeaters have worse symptoms prior to the initial treatment episode or display differences in other pretreatment characteristics versus nonrepeaters. Research is also needed to explore whether treatment repeaters exhibit PTSD symptom changes during an initial or second course of treatment...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029681/does-situation-specificity-affect-the-operation-of-implementation-intentions
#13
Tracy Epton, Christopher J Armitage
Interventions that encourage people to link critical situations with appropriate responses (i.e., "implementation intentions") show promise in increasing physical activity. The study tested whether implementation intentions designed to deal with generic situations are more effective than implementation intentions designed to respond to specific situations. One hundred thirty-three participants either: (a) formed implementation intentions using a volitional help sheet with 10 critical situations (i.e., standard volitional help sheet); (b) formed implementation intentions using a volitional help sheet with one generic situation (i...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029680/long-term-effectiveness-of-treatment-as-usual-couple-therapy-for-military-veterans
#14
Kathryn M Nowlan, Emily J Georgia, Brian D Doss
Despite the fact that veterans face increased psychological and relationship distress as a result of their service-related experiences, no study to date has explored the long-term effectiveness of couple therapy for veterans. In the present investigation, 238 individuals (113 couples and 12 additional individuals) completed assessments 18 months after termination of treatment-as-usual couple therapy at two Veteran Administration Medical Centers. From pretreatment to 18-month follow-up, couples experienced significant increases in relationship satisfaction (d = 0...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029679/investigating-habituation-to-premonitory-urges-in-behavior-therapy-for-tic-disorders
#15
David C Houghton, Matthew R Capriotti, Lawrence D Scahill, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, John T Walkup, John Piacentini, Douglas W Woods
Behavior therapy is effective for Persistent Tic Disorders (PTDs), but behavioral processes facilitating tic reduction are not well understood. One process, habituation, is thought to create tic reduction through decreases in premonitory urge severity. The current study tested whether premonitory urges decreased in youth with PTDs (N = 126) and adults with PTDs (N = 122) who participated in parallel randomized clinical trials comparing behavior therapy to psychoeducation and supportive therapy (PST). Trends in premonitory urges, tic severity, and treatment outcome were analyzed according to the predictions of a habituation model, whereby urge severity would be expected to decrease in those who responded to behavior therapy...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029678/positive-and-negative-affect-as-links-between-social-anxiety-and-depression-predicting-concurrent-and-prospective-mood-symptoms-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-mood-disorders
#16
Jonah N Cohen, M Taylor Dryman, Amanda S Morrison, Kirsten E Gilbert, Richard G Heimberg, June Gruber
The co-occurrence of social anxiety and depression is associated with increased functional impairment and a more severe course of illness. Social anxiety disorder is unique among the anxiety disorders in sharing an affective profile with depression, characterized by low levels of positive affect (PA) and high levels of negative affect (NA). Yet it remains unclear how this shared affective profile contributes to the covariation of social anxiety and depressive symptoms. We examined whether self-reported PA and NA accounted for unique variance in the association between social anxiety and depressive symptoms across three groups (individuals with remitted bipolar disorder, type I [BD; n = 32], individuals with remitted major depressive disorder [MDD; n = 31], and nonpsychiatric controls [n = 30]) at baseline and follow-ups of 6 and 12 months...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029677/exposure-based-therapy-for-symptom-preoccupation-in-atrial-fibrillation-an-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#17
Josefin Särnholm, Helga Skúladóttir, Christian Rück, Susanne S Pedersen, Frieder Braunschweig, Brjánn Ljótsson
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Patients often experience a range of symptoms resulting in a markedly reduced quality of life, and commonly show symptom preoccupation in terms of avoidance and control behaviors. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to improve symptom burden and quality of life in other somatic disorders, but has never been evaluated in patients with AF. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential efficacy and feasibility of an AF-specific CBT protocol in an uncontrolled pilot study...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029676/childhood-adhd-and-negative-self-statements-important-differences-associated-with-subtype-and-anxiety-symptoms
#18
Peter J Castagna, Matthew Calamia, Thompson E Davis
The current study examined the role negative self-statements have on the comorbidity between anxious symptomatology and ADHD-combined presentation (ADHD-C) and ADHD-predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I). A total of 114 children and adolescents with ADHD (M age = 10.15; SD = 2.30; range = 7-16) from a clinic-referred sample were grouped based on a semistructured diagnostic interview and consensus approach (ADHD-C, n = 62; ADHD-I, n = 52). Negative self-statements were measured using the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale and the total score from the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children was used to measure anxious symptomatology...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029675/a-meta-analysis-of-compassion-based-interventions-current-state-of-knowledge-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
James N Kirby, Cassandra L Tellegen, Stanley R Steindl
OBJECTIVE: Scientific research into compassion has burgeoned over the past 20 years and interventions aiming to cultivate compassion towards self and others have been developed. This meta-analysis examined the effects of compassion-based interventions on a range of outcome measures. METHOD: Twenty-one randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the last 12 years were included in the meta-analysis, with data from 1,285 participants analyzed. Effect sizes were standardized mean differences calculated using the difference in pre-post change in the treatment group and control group means, divided by the pooled pre-intervention standard deviation...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029674/patterns-of-anxious-arousal-during-a-speech-task-between-nonanxious-controls-and-individuals-with-social-anxiety-disorder-pre-and-posttreatment
#20
Carol S Lee, Lauren P Wadsworth, Sarah A Hayes-Skelton
Although research indicates that anxious arousal in response to feared stimuli is related to treatment outcome (Heimberg et al., 1990), less is known about the patterns of anxious arousal. We identified patterns of anxious arousal in individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) at pre- (n= 61) and posttreatment (n= 40; 12-session CBGT, Heimberg & Becker, 2002), and in non-anxious controls (NACs; n= 31) using an assessment speech task administered at pretreatment (SAD) or the pretreatment equivalent (NACs), as well as at posttreatment (SAD only)...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
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