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Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530268/corrigendum-to-intervention-effectiveness-of-the-incredible-years-new-insights-into-sociodemographic-and-intervention-based-moderators-behavior-therapy-48-2017-1-18
#1
Joyce Weeland, Rabia R Chhangur, Danielle van der Giessen, Walter Matthys, Bram Orobio de Castro, Geertjan Overbeek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530267/efficacy-of-guided-icbt-for-depression-and-mediation-of-change-by-cognitive-skill-acquisition
#2
Nicholas R Forand, Jeffrey G Barnett, Daniel R Strunk, Mohammed U Hindiyeh, Jason E Feinberg, John R Keefe
Guided internet CBT (iCBT) is a promising treatment for depression; however, it is less well known through what mechanisms iCBT works. Two possible mediators of change are the acquisition of cognitive skills and increases in behavioral activation. We report results of an 8-week waitlist controlled trial of guided iCBT, and test whether early change in cognitive skills or behavioral activation mediated subsequent change in depression. The sample was 89 individuals randomized to guided iCBT (n = 59) or waitlist (n = 30)...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530266/profile-analysis-of-psychological-symptoms-associated-with-misophonia-a-community-sample
#3
Dean McKay, Se-Kang Kim, Lauren Mancusi, Eric A Storch, Christopher Spankovich
Misophonia is characterized by extreme aversive reactions to certain classes of sounds. It has recently been recognized as a condition associated with significant disability. Research has begun to evaluate psychopathological correlates of misophonia. This study sought to identify profiles of psychopathology that characterize misophonia in a large community sample. A total of N = 628 adult participants completed a battery of measures assessing anxiety and anxiety sensitivity, depression, stress responses, anger, dissociative experiences, obsessive-compulsive symptoms and beliefs, distress tolerance, bodily perceptions, as well as misophonia severity...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530265/racial-differences-in-attributions-perceived-criticism-and-upset-a-study-with-black-and-white-community-participants
#4
Kelly M Allred, Dianne L Chambless
The primary aims of the current investigation were (a) to examine the relationships among attributions, perceived constructive and destructive criticism, and upset due to criticism and (b) to explore racial differences in mean levels of attributions, perceived criticism, upset due to criticism, and warmth in a community sample of Blacks and Whites (N = 272). The Attributions of Criticism Scale (ACS) was used to measure participants' attributions regarding criticism from their relatives. No racial differences were found in mean levels of attributions or type of perceived criticism...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530264/visual-attention-to-pictorial-food-stimuli-in-individuals-with-night-eating-syndrome-an-eye-tracking-study
#5
Sabrina Baldofski, Patrick Lüthold, Ingmar Sperling, Anja Hilbert
Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by excessive evening and/or nocturnal eating episodes. Studies indicate an attentional bias towards food in other eating disorders. For NES, however, evidence of attentional food processing is lacking. Attention towards food and non-food stimuli was compared using eye-tracking in 19 participants with NES and 19 matched controls without eating disorders during a free exploration paradigm and a visual search task. In the free exploration paradigm, groups did not differ in initial fixation position or gaze duration...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530263/consumer-smartphone-apps-marketed-for-child-and-adolescent-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-content-analysis
#6
Laura Jane Bry, Tommy Chou, Elizabeth Miguel, Jonathan S Comer
Anxiety disorders are collectively the most prevalent mental health problems affecting youth. To increase the reach of mental health care, recent years have seen increasing enthusiasm surrounding mobile platforms for expanding treatment delivery options. Apps developed in academia and supported in clinical trials are slow to reach the consumer marketplace. Meanwhile, proliferation of industry-developed apps on consumer marketplaces has been high. The present study analyzed content within mobile products prominently marketed toward consumers for anxiety in youth...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530262/predicting-response-to-an-internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-anxiety-in-early-childhood
#7
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Jordana K Bayer
Previous research has identified factors related to outcome in child anxiety treatment and parent training programs for child behavior problems. However, it is unclear what factors predict outcomes in interventions delivered online to parents of young children at risk of anxiety. This study investigated predictors of child anxiety outcomes among 433 families with young children (3-6 years) who participated in a randomized controlled trial of Cool Little Kids Online, an eight-module early intervention program for child anxiety based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530261/prospective-associations-of-coping-styles-with-depression-and-suicide-risk-among-psychiatric-emergency-patients
#8
Adam G Horwitz, Ewa K Czyz, Johnny Berona, Cheryl A King
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for those ages 13-25 in the United States. Coping is a mediator between stressful life events and adverse outcomes, and coping skills have been incorporated into interventions (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, safety-planning interventions) for suicidal populations. However, longitudinal research has not directly examined the prospective associations between multiple coping styles and suicide-related outcomes in high-risk samples...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530260/using-retrieval-cues-to-attenuate-return-of-fear-in-individuals-with-public-speaking-anxiety
#9
Ki Eun Shin, Michelle G Newman
Even after successful exposure, relapse is not uncommon. Based on the retrieval model of fear extinction (e.g., Vervliet, Craske, & Hermans, 2013), return of fear can occur after exposure due to an elapse of time (spontaneous recovery) or change in context (contextual renewal). The use of external salient stimuli presented throughout extinction (i.e., retrieval cues [RCs]) has been suggested as a potential solution to this problem (Bouton, 2002). The current study examined whether RCs attenuated return of fear in individuals with public speaking anxiety...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530259/modification-of-hostile-interpretation-bias-in-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Hillary L Smith, Kirsten H Dillon, Jesse R Cougle
Interpretation Bias Modification (IBM) is gaining attention in the literature as an intervention that alters cognitive biases and reduces associated symptoms. Forty, primarily college-aged, non-treatment-seeking adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) were randomly assigned to receive either IBM targeting hostile interpretation bias (IBM-H) or a healthy video control (HVC) condition. Compared to those in HVC, participants in IBM-H reported more benign interpretations and fewer hostile interpretations at posttreatment...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530258/treating-procrastination-using-cognitive-behavior-therapy-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-treatment-delivered-via-the-internet-or-in-groups
#11
Alexander Rozental, David Forsström, Philip Lindner, Simon Nilsson, Lina Mårtensson, Angela Rizzo, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring
Procrastination is a common problem among university students, with at least half of the population reporting great difficulties initiating or completing tasks and assignments. Procrastination can have a negative impact on course grades and the ability to achieve a university degree, but can also lead to psychological distress. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is believed to reduce procrastination, but few studies have investigated its effectiveness in a regular clinical setting. The current study explored its effects using a pragmatic randomized controlled trial comparing treatment delivered during 8 weeks as self-guided CBT via the Internet (ICBT) or as group CBT...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530257/combined-audience-and-video-feedback-with-cognitive-review-improves-state-anxiety-and-self-perceptions-during-speech-tasks-in-socially-anxious-individuals
#12
Junwen Chen, Jordan E McLean, Eva Kemps
This study investigated the effects of combined audience feedback with video feedback plus cognitive preparation, and cognitive review (enabling deeper processing of feedback) on state anxiety and self-perceptions including perception of performance and perceived probability of negative evaluation in socially anxious individuals during a speech performance. One hundred and forty socially anxious students were randomly assigned to four conditions: Cognitive Preparation + Video Feedback + Audience Feedback + Cognitive Review (CP+VF+AF+CR), Cognitive Preparation + Video Feedback + Cognitive Review (CP+VF+CR), Cognitive Preparation + Video Feedback only (CP+VF), and Control...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530256/honoring-the-past-envisioning-the-future-abct-s-50th-anniversary-presidential-address
#13
Michelle G Craske
The theme of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT) 50th Anniversary was to honor the past and envision the future. From the wisdom, foresight, and determination of the pioneers of our organization, and the continuous upholding of the scientific method over the last 50 years, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has become the most empirically supported psychological treatment for a wide array of mental health problems. Yet, we still have a long way to go. This address outlines a vision for the future of CBT, which involves greater collaborative science, with all minds working together on the same problem, and greater attention to the risk factors and critical processes that underlie psychopathology and explain treatment change...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405925/parameters-of-time-out-research-update-and-comparison-to-parenting-programs-books-and-online-recommendations
#14
REVIEW
Samantha M Corralejo, Scott A Jensen, Ashley D Greathouse, Leah E Ward
In reviews published more than 30 years ago, eight parameters important to the use of time-out were identified and available research was summarized. The purpose of the current paper is to provide an updated summary of existing research for each parameter of time-out. Within each parameter, we conducted a thorough review of the published literature and identified all peer-reviewed articles addressing each parameter. We identified and summarized a total of 46 articles across the eight parameters, including 32 not cited in previous reviews...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405924/multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescent-social-anxiety-adding-clarity-by-leveraging-reports-from-unfamiliar-peer-confederates
#15
Danielle E Deros, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Jeremy N Karp, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Brigitte I Grewe, Amelia Aldao, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescent social anxiety (SA) assessments often include adolescent and parent reports, and low reporting correspondence results in uncertainties in clinical decision-making. Adolescents display SA within non-home contexts such as peer interactions. Yet, current methods for collecting peer reports raise confidentiality concerns, though adolescent SA assessments nonetheless would benefit from context-specific reports relevant to adolescent SA (i.e., interactions with unfamiliar peers). In a sample of 89 adolescents (30 Evaluation-Seeking; 59 Community Control), we collected SA reports from adolescents and their parents, and SA reports from unfamiliar peer confederates who interacted with adolescents during 20-minute mock social interactions...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405923/effectiveness-of-web-and-mobile-based-treatment-of-subthreshold-depression-with-adherence-focused-guidance-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
David Daniel Ebert, Claudia Buntrock, Dirk Lehr, Filip Smit, Heleen Riper, Harald Baumeister, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking
Evidence for the impact of psychological Interventions for subthreshold depression (sD) is conflicting. Moreover, human resources to deliver such treatments are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention with adherence-focused guidance in the treatment of sD. Participants with sD (CES-D≥ 16, no Major Depressive Disorder according to DSM-IV criteria, N = 204) recruited via a large health insurance were randomly allocated to a web-based mobile-supported cognitive-behavioral intervention or to a waitlist control condition with unrestricted access to usual care...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405922/ptsd-symptom-severity-and-emotion-regulation-strategy-use-during-trauma-cue-exposure-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-associations-with-negative-affect-craving-and-cortisol-reactivity
#17
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Linnie E Wheeless, Rivka T Cohen, Kim L Gratz
The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pathology with a substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with emotion regulation deficits. However, studies in this area generally rely on trait-based emotion regulation measures, and there is limited information on the relation of PTSD pathology to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies in response to trauma-related distress among SUD patients or the consequences of these strategies for trauma cue reactivity. This study examined the relation of PTSD symptom severity to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies during trauma cue exposure among trauma-exposed SUD patients, as well as the indirect relations of PTSD symptom severity to changes in negative affect, cravings, and cortisol levels pre- to posttrauma cue exposure through different emotion regulation strategies...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405921/benchmarking-treatment-response-in-tourette-s-disorder-a-psychometric-evaluation-and-signal-detection-analysis-of-the-parent-tic-questionnaire
#18
Emily J Ricketts, Joseph F McGuire, Susanna Chang, Deepika Bose, Madeline M Rasch, Douglas W Woods, Matthew W Specht, John T Walkup, Lawrence Scahill, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, John Piacentini
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a parent-reported tic severity measure, the Parent Tic Questionnaire (PTQ), and used the scale to establish guidelines for delineating clinically significant tic treatment response. Participants were 126 children ages 9 to 17 who participated in a randomized controlled trial of Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT). Tic severity was assessed using the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS), Hopkins Motor/Vocal Tic Scale (HMVTS) and PTQ; positive treatment response was defined by a score of 1 (very much improved) or 2 (much improved) on the Clinical Global Impressions - Improvement (CGI-I) scale...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405920/comparing-children-s-memories-for-negative-versus-positive-events-in-the-context-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#19
Jemma Bray, Neil Brewer, Kate Cameron, Reginald D V Nixon
How well children remember negative events is not fully understood. Previous research has failed to simultaneously test memory and perceptions of memory for both negative and positive events. Children (n = 38, 7-17 years) recruited from a hospital following accidental injury were tested for their memory of an injury-producing accident (negative event) and a positive event (unexpectedly receiving a $50 gift voucher). Objective accuracy of memory, memory quality characteristics (e.g., how coherently the event was recalled), children's judgments of their memory (meta-cognitive), and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms were assessed 2 months post-injury...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405919/prospective-associations-between-sleep-disturbance-and-repetitive-negative-thinking-the-mediating-roles-of-focusing-and-shifting-attentional-control
#20
Rebecca C Cox, David A Cole, Eliza L Kramer, Bunmi O Olatunji
Although considerable evidence has linked sleep disturbance to symptoms of psychopathology, including repetitive negative thinking, few studies have examined how sleep disturbance may predict repetitive negative thinking over time. Further, no study to date has examined specific mechanisms that may account for this relationship. The present study sought to address these gaps in the literature by testing focusing and shifting attentional control as two potential mediators of the relationship between sleep disturbance and repetitive negative thinking over a 6-month period...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
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