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Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704973/the-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-third-wave-behavioral-and-cognitive-ehealth-treatments-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Martin O'Connor, Anita Munnelly, Robert Whelan, Louise McHugh
eHealth is an innovative method of delivering therapeutic content with the potential to improve access to third-wave behaviural and cognitive therapies. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the efficacy and acceptability of third-wave eHealth treatments in improving mental health outcomes. A comprehensive search of electronic bibliographic databases including PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and CENTRAL was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials of third-wave treatments in which eHealth was the main component...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704972/safety-behavior-after-extinction-triggers-a-return-of-threat-expectancy
#2
Sophie L van Uijen, Arne Leer, Iris M Engelhard
Safety behavior is involved in the maintenance of anxiety disorders, presumably because it prevents the violation of negative expectancies. Recent research showed that safety behavior is resistant to fear extinction. This fear conditioning study investigated whether safety behavior after fear extinction triggers a return of fear in healthy participants. Participants learned that two stimuli (A and C) were followed by an aversive loud noise ("threat"), and one stimulus (B) was not. Participants then learned to use safety behavior that prevented the loud noise...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704971/experiential-avoidance-an-examination-of-the-construct-validity-of-the-aaq-ii-and-meaq
#3
Catherine Rochefort, Austin S Baldwin, Michael Chmielewski
Experiential avoidance (also referred to as acceptance or psychological flexibility) is a core construct of third-wave behavior therapies. It is the tendency to avoid uncomfortable thoughts or feelings, even when doing so has negative long-term consequences. In order for developments in experiential avoidance and third-wave behavior therapies to continue, it is imperative to examine the construct validity of the most widely used measures of this construct, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ)...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704970/working-memory-and-motor-activity-a-comparison-across-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-healthy-control-groups
#4
Sarah E Lea, R Matt Alderson, Connor H G Patros, Stephanie J Tarle, Elaine F Arrington, DeMond M Grant
Converging findings from recent research suggest a functional relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related hyperactivity and demands on working memory (WM) in both children and adults. Excessive motor activity such as restlessness and fidgeting are not pathognomonic symptoms of ADHD, however, and are often associated with other diagnoses such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Further, previous research indicates that anticipatory processing associated with anxiety can directly interfere with storage and rehearsal processes of WM...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704969/a-pilot-study-of-emotion-regulation-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-findings-from-a-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#5
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, Ariella Soffer, Martin Pino, Leslie Ader, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
Emotion regulation therapy (ERT) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and accompanying major depressive disorder (MDD) is a theoretically derived, evidence-based treatment that integrates principles from traditional and contemporary cognitive-behavioral and experiential approaches with basic and translational findings from affect science to offer a blueprint for improving intervention by focusing on the motivational responses and corresponding self-referential regulatory characteristics. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of a 20-session version of ERT...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704968/body-image-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire-5-an-abbreviation-using-genetic-algorithms
#6
Geetanjali Basarkod, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi
Body image concerns are typically linked with negative outcomes such as disordered eating and diminished well-being, but some people can exhibit psychological flexibility and remain committed to their valued goals despite being dissatisfied about their bodies. Such flexibility is most frequently measured by the Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ). This study used a recently validated, fully automated method based on genetic algorithms (GAs) on data from an American community sample (N1 =538, 71...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704967/social-anxiety-and-the-quality-of-everyday-social-interactions-the-moderating-influence-of-alcohol-consumption
#7
Fallon R Goodman, Melissa C Stiksma, Todd B Kashdan
Most research on the link between social anxiety and alcohol consumption has examined problematic outcomes without consideration of potential adaptive functions. Alcohol is an anxiolytic that has the short-term benefit of reducing anxiety; consumption may act as a social lubricant that facilitates higher quality social interactions. Using experience-sampling methodology, we examined how consuming alcohol attenuates the adverse effects of social anxiety in naturally occurring social interactions. Participants (N = 160) completed demographic and trait measures, then completed daily assessments for 14 consecutive days...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704966/the-use-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-to-promote-mental-health-and-school-engagement-in-university-students-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Simon Grégoire, Lise Lachance, Thérèse Bouffard, Frédérick Dionne
The aim of this multisite randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intervention based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was efficacious in improving university students' psychological flexibility, mental health, and school engagement. Students were recruited in four Canadian universities and randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 72) or a wait-list control group (n = 72). Students in the intervention group took part in four 2.5-hour workshops during a 4-week period and were asked to do exercises at home (e...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704965/changes-in-problematic-anger-shame-and-disgust-in-anxious-and-depressed-adults-undergoing-treatment-for-emotion-dysregulation
#9
Andrada D Neacsiu, Joscelyn Rompogren, Jeremy W Eberle, Kibby McMahon
Emotion dysregulation, the pervasive difficulty managing negative emotions, is a core problem across mood and anxiety disorders. Anger, shame, and disgust are particularly problematic emotions, impacting both disorder severity and treatment outcome. We previously found that a 16-week dialectical behavior therapy skills training group (DBT-ST) was superior to an activities-based support group (ASG) in decreasing emotion dysregulation in 44 adults with high emotion dysregulation who met diagnostic criteria for an anxiety or depressive disorder...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704964/the-long-term-effects-of-group-based-psychological-interventions-for-children-with-tourette-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Julia Dabrowski, John King, Katie Edwards, Rachel Yates, Isobel Heyman, Sharon Zimmerman-Brenner, Tara Murphy
This randomized controlled trial examined the long-term effects of group-based psychological interventions on measures of tic severity, self-reported quality of life (QOL), and school attendance. Children (n = 28) with Tourette syndrome (TS) were assessed 12 months after completing a course of either group-based Habit Reversal Training (HRT) or Education. Both groups demonstrated long-term improvement in tic severity and QOL, which included significant continued improvement during the follow-up (FU) period...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704963/a-multimethod-examination-of-the-effect-of-insomnia-symptoms-on-anxious-responding-to-a-social-stressor
#11
Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt
A growing number of studies identify insomnia symptoms as a potential risk factor for the development of anxiety disorders. However, little research has examined potential mechanisms through which insomnia could confer increased risk for anxiety. A separate line of literature suggests sleep is necessary for adaptive emotional and behavioral responding to stressors, a potential mechanism linking insomnia symptoms to anxiety risk. To test whether insomnia symptoms affect emotional and behavioral responding to an anxiety-relevant stressor, the current study recruited a sample of 99 undergraduates with varying levels of insomnia symptoms...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704962/new-directions-in-the-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-ocd-theory-research-and-practice
#12
Jonathan S Abramowitz, Shannon M Blakey, Lillian Reuman, Jennifer L Buchholz
The beneficial effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions (particularly exposure and response prevention) for OCD are among the most consistent research findings in the mental health literature. Nevertheless, even after an adequate trial, many individuals experience residual symptoms, and others never receive adequate treatment due to limited access. These and other issues have prompted clinicians and researchers to search for ways to improve the conceptual and practical aspects of existing treatment approaches, as well as look for augmentation strategies...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530268/corrigendum-to-intervention-effectiveness-of-the-incredible-years-new-insights-into-sociodemographic-and-intervention-based-moderators-behavior-therapy-48-2017-1-18
#13
Joyce Weeland, Rabia R Chhangur, Danielle van der Giessen, Walter Matthys, Bram Orobio de Castro, Geertjan Overbeek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530267/efficacy-of-guided-icbt-for-depression-and-mediation-of-change-by-cognitive-skill-acquisition
#14
Nicholas R Forand, Jeffrey G Barnett, Daniel R Strunk, Mohammed U Hindiyeh, Jason E Feinberg, John R Keefe
Guided internet CBT (iCBT) is a promising treatment for depression; however, it is less well known through what mechanisms iCBT works. Two possible mediators of change are the acquisition of cognitive skills and increases in behavioral activation. We report results of an 8-week waitlist controlled trial of guided iCBT, and test whether early change in cognitive skills or behavioral activation mediated subsequent change in depression. The sample was 89 individuals randomized to guided iCBT (n = 59) or waitlist (n = 30)...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530266/profile-analysis-of-psychological-symptoms-associated-with-misophonia-a-community-sample
#15
Dean McKay, Se-Kang Kim, Lauren Mancusi, Eric A Storch, Christopher Spankovich
Misophonia is characterized by extreme aversive reactions to certain classes of sounds. It has recently been recognized as a condition associated with significant disability. Research has begun to evaluate psychopathological correlates of misophonia. This study sought to identify profiles of psychopathology that characterize misophonia in a large community sample. A total of N = 628 adult participants completed a battery of measures assessing anxiety and anxiety sensitivity, depression, stress responses, anger, dissociative experiences, obsessive-compulsive symptoms and beliefs, distress tolerance, bodily perceptions, as well as misophonia severity...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530265/racial-differences-in-attributions-perceived-criticism-and-upset-a-study-with-black-and-white-community-participants
#16
Kelly M Allred, Dianne L Chambless
The primary aims of the current investigation were (a) to examine the relationships among attributions, perceived constructive and destructive criticism, and upset due to criticism and (b) to explore racial differences in mean levels of attributions, perceived criticism, upset due to criticism, and warmth in a community sample of Blacks and Whites (N = 272). The Attributions of Criticism Scale (ACS) was used to measure participants' attributions regarding criticism from their relatives. No racial differences were found in mean levels of attributions or type of perceived criticism...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530264/visual-attention-to-pictorial-food-stimuli-in-individuals-with-night-eating-syndrome-an-eye-tracking-study
#17
Sabrina Baldofski, Patrick Lüthold, Ingmar Sperling, Anja Hilbert
Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by excessive evening and/or nocturnal eating episodes. Studies indicate an attentional bias towards food in other eating disorders. For NES, however, evidence of attentional food processing is lacking. Attention towards food and non-food stimuli was compared using eye-tracking in 19 participants with NES and 19 matched controls without eating disorders during a free exploration paradigm and a visual search task. In the free exploration paradigm, groups did not differ in initial fixation position or gaze duration...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530263/consumer-smartphone-apps-marketed-for-child-and-adolescent-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-content-analysis
#18
Laura Jane Bry, Tommy Chou, Elizabeth Miguel, Jonathan S Comer
Anxiety disorders are collectively the most prevalent mental health problems affecting youth. To increase the reach of mental health care, recent years have seen increasing enthusiasm surrounding mobile platforms for expanding treatment delivery options. Apps developed in academia and supported in clinical trials are slow to reach the consumer marketplace. Meanwhile, proliferation of industry-developed apps on consumer marketplaces has been high. The present study analyzed content within mobile products prominently marketed toward consumers for anxiety in youth...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530262/predicting-response-to-an-internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-anxiety-in-early-childhood
#19
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Jordana K Bayer
Previous research has identified factors related to outcome in child anxiety treatment and parent training programs for child behavior problems. However, it is unclear what factors predict outcomes in interventions delivered online to parents of young children at risk of anxiety. This study investigated predictors of child anxiety outcomes among 433 families with young children (3-6 years) who participated in a randomized controlled trial of Cool Little Kids Online, an eight-module early intervention program for child anxiety based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530261/prospective-associations-of-coping-styles-with-depression-and-suicide-risk-among-psychiatric-emergency-patients
#20
Adam G Horwitz, Ewa K Czyz, Johnny Berona, Cheryl A King
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for those ages 13-25 in the United States. Coping is a mediator between stressful life events and adverse outcomes, and coping skills have been incorporated into interventions (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, safety-planning interventions) for suicidal populations. However, longitudinal research has not directly examined the prospective associations between multiple coping styles and suicide-related outcomes in high-risk samples...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
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