journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342578/towards-a-research-program-in-kantian-positive-psychology
#1
Patrick R Frierson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342577/the-soul-as-the-guiding-idea-of-psychology-kant-on-scientific-psychology-systematicity-and-the-idea-of-the-soul
#2
Katharina T Kraus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342576/kant-and-the-scope-of-analogy-in-the-life-sciences
#3
Hein van den Berg
In the present paper I investigate the role that analogy plays in eighteenth-century biology and in Kant's philosophy of biology. I will argue that according to Kant, biology, as it was practiced in the eighteenth century, is fundamentally based on analogical reflection. However, precisely because biology is based on analogical reflection, biology cannot be a proper science. I provide two arguments for this interpretation. First, I argue that although analogical reflection is, according to Kant, necessary to comprehend the nature of organisms, it is also necessarily insufficient to fully comprehend the nature of organisms...
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342575/kant-on-science-and-normativity
#4
Alix Cohen
The aim of this paper is to explore Kant's account of normativity through the prism of the distinction between the natural and the human sciences. Although the pragmatic orientation of the human sciences is often defined in contrast with the theoretical orientation of the natural sciences, I show that they are in fact regulated by one and the same norm, namely reason's demand for autonomy.
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342574/the-stage-on-which-our-ingenious-play-is-performed-kant-s-epistemology-of-weltkenntnis
#5
Silvia De Bianchi
This paper focuses on Kant's account of physical geography and his theory of the Earth. In spelling out the epistemological foundations of Kant's physical geography, the paper examines 1) their connection to the mode of holding-to-be-true, mathematical construction and empirical certainty and 2) their implications for Kant's view of cosmopolitan right. Moreover, by showing the role played by the mathematical model of the Earth for the foundations of Kant's Doctrine of Right, the exact relationship between the latter and physical geography is highlighted...
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342573/a-kantian-account-of-mathematical-modelling-and-the-rationality-of-scientific-theory-change-the-role-of-the-equivalence-principle-in-the-development-of-general-relativity
#6
Jonathan Everett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342572/maimon-s-criticism-of-kant-s-doctrine-of-mathematical-cognition-and-the-possibility-of-metaphysics-as-a-science
#7
Hernán Pringe
The aim of this paper is to discuss Maimon's criticism of Kant's doctrine of mathematical cognition. In particular, we will focus on the consequences of this criticism for the problem of the possibility of metaphysics as a science. Maimon criticizes Kant's explanation of the synthetic a priori character of mathematics and develops a philosophical interpretation of differential calculus according to which mathematics and metaphysics become deeply interwoven. Maimon establishes a parallelism between two relationships: on the one hand, the mathematical relationship between the integral and the differential and on the other, the metaphysical relationship between the sensible and the supersensible...
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342571/the-problem-of-grounding-natural-modality-in-kant-s-account-of-empirical-laws-of-nature
#8
Kristina Engelhard
One of the central problems of Kant's account of the empirical laws of nature is: What grounds their necessity? In this article I discuss the three most important lines of interpretation and suggest a novel version of one of them. While the first interpretation takes the transcendental principles as the only sources of the empirical laws' necessity, the second interpretation takes the systematicity of the laws to guarantee their necessity. It is shown that both views involve serious problems. The third interpretation, the "causal powers interpretation", locates the source of the laws' necessity in the properties of natural objects...
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342570/kant-and-the-scope-of-the-analytic-method
#9
Brigitte Falkenburg
The paper investigates Kant's pre-critical views on the use of analytic and synthetic methods in Newtonian science and in philosophical reasoning. In his 1755/56 writings, Kant made use of two variants of the analytic method, i.e., conceptual analysis in a Cartesian (or Leibnizean) sense, and analysis of the phenomena in a Newtonian sense. His Prize Essay (1764) defends Newton's analytic method of physics as appropriate for philosophy, in contradistinction to the synthetic method of mathematics. A closer look, however, shows that Kant does not identify Newton's method with conceptual analysis, but just suggests a methodological analogy between both methods...
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342569/introduction-to-kant-s-philosophy-of-science-bridging-the-gap-between-the-natural-and-the-human-sciences
#10
EDITORIAL
Silvia De Bianchi, Katharina Kraus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122257/afterward-humboldt-was-right
#11
M Norton Wise
Alexander von Humboldt provides a point of reference for questions that arise when reflecting on the papers in this special issue on "Experiencing the Global Environment," for he aimed to integrate local and global experience and qualitative and quantitative observation in his conceptions of physiognomy and of instruments. What are we to understand by direct experience? How do we draw the limits of our senses, whether in the larger world or internally? Does recent scholarly interest in distributed cognition illuminate the distributed experience of global phenomena obtained through mapping? How do our concepts shape our experience, whether local or global? Finally, do recent trends in the sciences, emphasizing complexity and contingency, tend to make traditional tensions between local and global priorities and between qualitative and quantitative description less relevant? Humboldt would have thought so...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122256/human-bodies-as-chemical-sensors-a-history-of-biomonitoring-for-environmental-health-and-regulation
#12
Angela N H Creager
The testing of human blood and urine for signs of chemical exposure has become the "gold standard" of environmental public health, leading to ongoing population studies in the US and Europe. Such methods first emerged over a century ago in medical and occupational contexts, as a means to calibrate drug doses for patients and prevent injury to workers from chemical or radiation exposure. This paper analyzes how human bodies have come to serve as unconscious sensors of their environments: containers of chemical information determined by expert testers...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122255/experiencing-deep-and-global-currents-at-a-prototypical-strait-1870s-and-1980s
#13
Lino Camprubí
Deep ocean currents are not accessible to direct human perception. Their insertion into global structures of circulation is even more profoundly removed from individual sensorial experience. But oceanographers tend to use wider concepts of experience to include instruments, traditions of observation and theoretical models. Historians and philosophers of science, as well as STS scholars, have also redefined scientific experience as operational and collective transformations of parts of the world around us into fragments of larger bodies of knowledge...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122254/can-animals-predict-earthquakes-bio-sentinels-as-seismic-sensors-in-communist-china-and-beyond
#14
Fa-Ti Fan
This paper examines the international research on abnormal animal behavior prior to earthquakes, with a focus on Chinese seismology during the Cultural Revolution. China experienced a series of powerful earthquakes in the 1960s and 1970s; in response, its scientists developed approaches to earthquake prediction, including the use of bio-sentinels. The paper demonstrates that Chinese seismology did not treat an earthquake simply as a geophysical event, but rather as an amalgam of environmental phenomena, including sensory experiences...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122253/earthquake-prediction-biological-clocks-and-the-cold-war-psy-ops-using-animals-as-seismic-sensors-in-the-1970s-california
#15
Elena Aronova
A familiar story of seismology is that of a small field originally focused on local studies of earthquakes through diverse disciplinary perspectives being transformed, in the second half of the twentieth century, into a highly specialized field focused on global studies of the earth's deep interior via sophisticated instruments and transnational networks of seismological stations. Against this backdrop, this essay offers a complementing account, highlighting the significance of local circumstances and disciplinary agendas that were contingent not only on transformations in the geophysical sciences but also on the concurrently changing biological sciences during the Cold War...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122252/average-rainfall-and-the-play-of-colors-colonial-experience-and-global-climate-data
#16
Philipp Lehmann
This paper examines the co-construction of global and local views of the weather and climate at the turn of the twentieth century through a history of data gathering efforts in the German colonies in Africa. While both governmental officials and metropolitan practitioners aimed at producing standardized - and thus globally comparable and economically useful - data in different environments, these efforts often tended to break down in practice. Rather than being able to turn the field into a finely tuned laboratory, both European and African data gatherers were confronted with complex and challenging environmental and institutional realities...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122251/re-situating-fieldwork-and-re-narrating-disciplinary-history-in-global-mega-geomorphology
#17
Etienne S Benson
In 1985, more than thirty geomorphologists, planetary scientists, and remote sensing specialists gathered at a conference center in Oracle, Arizona, to discuss an emerging area of research that they called "mega-geomorphology." Building on a conference of the same name held in London in 1981, they argued that new techniques of remote sensing and insights emerging from the study of extraterrestrial planets had created opportunities for geomorphology to broaden its spatial and temporal scope. This new approach was, however, neither unproblematic nor uncontested...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122250/experiential-and-cosmopolitan-knowledge-the-transcontinental-field-practices-of-the-u-s-bureau-of-biological-survey
#18
Jeremy Vetter
Before many of the global environmental knowledge producing networks and technologies emerged later in the twentieth century, another spatially extended form of field science was implemented at a continental scale by the U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey, revealing similar tensions and dynamics. Specimens and observations from across continental spaces were integrated through railroad-based transportation and communications networks in order to map distributions of birds and mammals and delineate "life zones" stretching across the continent...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122249/the-scales-of-experience-introduction-to-the-special-issue-experiencing-the-global-environment
#19
EDITORIAL
Lino Camprubí, Philipp Lehmann
The Scales of Experience introduces the special issue Experiencing the Global Environment by focusing on three dimensions of the theme that are reflected to various degrees in the constitutive essays. First, the introduction highlights the links between the epistemological and political contexts of the historical constitution and development of the global environment (or global environments) in the earth and environmental sciences from the late nineteenth century to today. Second, it argues for a historical approach to the complex concept of scientific experience, whose mutable and contingent qualities are demonstrated by the contributions to the special volume...
August 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857804/a-new-twist-to-the-no-miracles-argument-for-the-success-of-science
#20
K Brad Wray
J. D. Trout has recently developed a new defense of scientific realism, a new version of the No Miracles Argument. I critically evaluate Trout's novel defense of realism. I argue that Trout's argument for scientific realism and the related explanation for the success of science are self-defeating. In the process of arguing against the traditional realist strategies for explaining the success of science, he inadvertently undermines his own argument.
June 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
journal
journal
25201
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"