journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Marine Biology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780176/sex-size-and-isotopes-cryptic-trophic-ecology-of-an-apex-predator-the-white-shark-carcharodon-carcharias
#1
G C A French, S Rizzuto, M Stürup, R Inger, S Barker, J H van Wyk, A V Towner, W O H Hughes
Demographic differences in resource use are key components of population and species ecology across the animal kingdom. White sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias ) are migratory, apex predators, which have undergone significant population declines across their range. Understanding their ecology is key to ensuring that management strategies are effective. Here, we carry out the first stable isotope analyses of free-swimming white sharks in South Africa. Biopsies were collected in Gansbaai (34.5805°S, 19.3518°E) between February and July 2015...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755140/resilience-in-carbonate-production-despite-three-coral-bleaching-events-in-5-years-on-an-inshore-patch-reef-in-the-florida-keys
#2
Derek P Manzello, Ian C Enochs, Graham Kolodziej, Renée Carlton, Lauren Valentino
The persistence of coral reef frameworks requires that calcium carbonate (CaCO3 ) production by corals and other calcifiers outpaces CaCO3 loss via physical, chemical, and biological erosion. Coral bleaching causes declines in CaCO3 production, but this varies with bleaching severity and the species impacted. We conducted census-based CaCO3 budget surveys using the established ReefBudget approach at Cheeca Rocks, an inshore patch reef in the Florida Keys, annually from 2012 to 2016. This site experienced warm-water bleaching in 2011, 2014, and 2015...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725140/environmental-drivers-of-harbour-porpoise-fine-scale-movements
#3
Floris M van Beest, Jonas Teilmann, Rune Dietz, Anders Galatius, Lonnie Mikkelsen, Dominique Stalder, Signe Sveegaard, Jacob Nabe-Nielsen
Quantifying intraspecific variation in movement behaviour of marine predators and the underlying environmental drivers is important to inform conservation management of protected species. Here, we provide the first empirical data on fine-scale movements of free-ranging harbour porpoises ( Phocoena phocoena ) in their natural habitat. Data were obtained from six individuals, tagged in two areas of the Danish North Sea, that were equipped with Global Positioning System (GPS) and dive recorder units (V-tags). We used multi-model inference and model averaging to evaluate the relative importance of various static and dynamic environmental conditions on the movement characteristics: speed, turning angle, dive duration, dive depth, dive wiggliness (a proxy for prey chasing behaviour), and post-dive duration...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706667/limited-impact-of-an-invasive-oyster-on-intertidal-assemblage-structure-and-biodiversity-the-importance-of-environmental-context-and-functional-equivalency-with-native-species
#4
Nadescha Zwerschke, Philip R Hollyman, Romy Wild, Robin Strigner, John R Turner, Jonathan W King
Impacts of invasive species are context dependent and linked to the ecosystem they occur within. To broaden the understanding of the impact of a globally widespread invasive oyster, Crassostrea ( Magallana ) gigas, intertidal surveys were carried out at 15 different sites in Europe. The impact of C. gigas on macro- (taxa surrounding oyster > 1 cm) and epifaunal (taxa on oyster < 1 cm) benthic communities and α and β-diversity was assessed and compared to those associated with native ecosystem engineers, including the flat oyster Ostrea edulis ...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563649/ocean-acidification-and-desalination-climate-driven-change-in-a-baltic-sea-summer-microplanktonic-community
#5
Angela Wulff, Maria Karlberg, Malin Olofsson, Anders Torstensson, Lasse Riemann, Franciska S Steinhoff, Malin Mohlin, Nina Ekstrand, Melissa Chierici
Helcom scenario modelling suggests that the Baltic Sea, one of the largest brackish-water bodies in the world, could expect increased precipitation (decreased salinity) and increased concentration of atmospheric CO2 over the next 100 years. These changes are expected to affect the microplanktonic food web, and thereby nutrient and carbon cycling, in a complex and possibly synergistic manner. In the Baltic Proper, the extensive summer blooms dominated by the filamentous cyanobacteria Aphanizomenon sp., Dolichospermum spp...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563648/development-and-application-of-a-machine-learning-algorithm-for-classification-of-elasmobranch-behaviour-from-accelerometry-data
#6
L R Brewster, J J Dale, T L Guttridge, S H Gruber, A C Hansell, M Elliott, I G Cowx, N M Whitney, A C Gleiss
Discerning behaviours of free-ranging animals allows for quantification of their activity budget, providing important insight into ecology. Over recent years, accelerometers have been used to unveil the cryptic lives of animals. The increased ability of accelerometers to store large quantities of high resolution data has prompted a need for automated behavioural classification. We assessed the performance of several machine learning (ML) classifiers to discern five behaviours performed by accelerometer-equipped juvenile lemon sharks ( Negaprion brevirostris ) at Bimini, Bahamas (25°44'N, 79°16'W)...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497211/population-density-shapes-patterns-of-survival-and-reproduction-in-eleutheria-dichotoma-hydrozoa-anthoathecata
#7
Aleksandra Dańko, Ralf Schaible, Joanna Pijanowska, Maciej J Dańko
Budding hydromedusae have high reproductive rates due to asexual reproduction and can occur in high population densities along the coasts, specifically in tidal pools. In laboratory experiments, we investigated the effects of population density on the survival and reproductive strategies of a single clone of Eleutheria dichotoma . We found that sexual reproduction occurs with the highest rate at medium population densities. Increased sexual reproduction was associated with lower budding (asexual reproduction) and survival probability...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391649/life-history-responses-to-changing-temperature-and-salinity-of-the-baltic-sea-copepod-eurytemora-affinis
#8
Konrad Karlsson, Simona Puiac, Monika Winder
To understand the effects of predicted warming and changing salinity of marine ecosystems, it is important to have a good knowledge of species vulnerability and their capacity to adapt to environmental changes. In spring and autumn of 2014, we conducted common garden experiments to investigate how different populations of the copepod Eurytemora affinis from the Baltic Sea respond to varying temperatures and salinity conditions. Copepods were collected in the Stockholm archipelago, Bothnian Bay, and Gulf of Riga (latitude, longitude: 58°48...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238097/a-synthesis-of-european-seahorse-taxonomy-population-structure-and-habitat-use-as-a-basis-for-assessment-monitoring-and-conservation
#9
Lucy C Woodall, Francisco Otero-Ferrer, Miguel Correia, Janelle M R Curtis, Neil Garrick-Maidment, Paul W Shaw, Heather J Koldewey
Accurate taxonomy, population demography, and habitat descriptors inform species threat assessments and the design of effective conservation measures. Here we combine published studies with new genetic, morphological and habitat data that were collected from seahorse populations located along the European and North African coastlines to help inform management decisions for European seahorses. This study confirms the presence of only two native seahorse species ( Hippocampus guttulatus and H. hippocampus ) across Europe, with sporadic occurrence of non-native seahorse species in European waters...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170568/southern-ocean-pteropods-at-risk-from-ocean-warming-and-acidification
#10
Jessie Gardner, Clara Manno, Dorothee C E Bakker, Victoria L Peck, Geraint A Tarling
Early life stages of marine calcifiers are particularly vulnerable to climate change. In the Southern Ocean aragonite undersaturation events and areas of rapid warming already occur and are predicted to increase in extent. Here, we present the first study to successfully hatch the polar pteropod Limacina helicina antarctica and observe the potential impact of exposure to increased temperature and aragonite undersaturation resulting from ocean acidification (OA) on the early life stage survival and shell morphology...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170567/predicting-ecological-responses-in-a-changing-ocean-the-effects-of-future-climate-uncertainty
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer J Freer, Julian C Partridge, Geraint A Tarling, Martin A Collins, Martin J Genner
Predicting how species will respond to climate change is a growing field in marine ecology, yet knowledge of how to incorporate the uncertainty from future climate data into these predictions remains a significant challenge. To help overcome it, this review separates climate uncertainty into its three components (scenario uncertainty, model uncertainty, and internal model variability) and identifies four criteria that constitute a thorough interpretation of an ecological response to climate change in relation to these parts (awareness, access, incorporation, communication)...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051673/local-tidal-regime-dictates-plasticity-of-expression-of-locomotor-activity-rhythms-of-american-horseshoe-crabs-limulus-polyphemus
#12
Rebecca L Anderson, Winsor H Watson, Christopher C Chabot
While horseshoe crabs Limulus polyphemus from regions with two daily tides express endogenous circatidal (~ 12.4 h) activity rhythms, much less is known about locomotor rhythm expression in horseshoe crabs from other tidal regimes. This study investigated whether horseshoe crabs (1) always express activity rhythms consistent with their natural tides, and (2) can alter activity rhythm expression in response to novel tide cycles. Activity rhythms of animals from environments with two daily tides (Gulf of Maine, 43°6' N/70°52' W, and Massachusetts, 41°32' N/70°40'W), one dominant daily tide (Apalachee Bay, Florida, 29°58' N/84°20' W), and microtides (Indian River Lagoon, Florida, 28°5' N/80°35' W) were recorded in 2011-2013 during three artificial tide conditions: no tides, a 12...
April 2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104316/determination-of-size-sex-and-maturity-stage-of-free-swimming-catsharks-using-laser-photogrammetry
#13
REVIEW
Toby D Rogers, Giulia Cambiè, Michel J Kaiser
The lack of detailed life history (LH) information (e.g. age, growth, size at maturity, sex composition etc.) for many species of conservation importance limits the implementation of appropriate conservation measures. Typically, LH information is acquired using lethal sampling techniques, which undermines the goal of conservation. This is particularly problematic for many shark species that have low fecundity and slow growth rates. Here we tested the use of non-invasive laser photogrammetry to measure body morphometry in vivo...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056761/disruption-of-doubly-uniparental-inheritance-of-mitochondrial-dna-associated-with-hybridization-area-of-european-mytilus-edulis-and-mytilus-trossulus-in-norway
#14
Beata Śmietanka, Artur Burzyński
Doubly uniparental inheritance of mitochondria (DUI) is best known in the blue mussel Mytilus . Under this model, two types of mitochondrial DNA exist: female type (F), transmitted from females to offspring of both genders, and male type (M), transmitted exclusively from males to sons. The mitogenomes are usually highly divergent, but an occasional replacement of a typical M genome by a particular F genome has been postulated to explain reduction of this divergence. Disruption of the DUI model has been reported in hybridization areas...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983128/genetic-diversity-of-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-sp-populations-in-the-western-north-pacific-and-the-conservation-implications
#15
Ing Chen, Shin Nishida, Wei-Cheng Yang, Tomohiko Isobe, Yuko Tajima, A Rus Hoelzel
The evolutionary processes that shape patterns of diversity in highly mobile marine species are poorly understood, but important towards transferable inference on their effective conservation. In this study, bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) are studied to address this broader question. They exhibit remarkable geographical variation for morphology, life history, and genetic diversity, and this high level of variation has made the taxonomy of the genus controversial. A significant population structure has been reported for the most widely distributed species, the common bottlenose dolphin (T...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959077/historical-shell-size-reduction-of-the-dogwhelk-nucella-lapillus-across-the-southern-uk
#16
Rebecca J Wilson-Brodie, Moira A MacLean, Phillip B Fenberg
Body size reduction is predicted to be one of the most common ecological responses to climate change, yet examples within some taxonomic groups, such as marine molluscs, are rare. Here, we document a significant reduction in shell size of the rocky shore gastropod Nucella lapillus across the southern UK using natural history collections and modern field data. These results are correlated with temporal changes in sea-surface temperature from a long-term monitoring station. The maximum height of N. lapillus shells has declined by approximately 18 mm over the past 100 years, and the median size of shells in large size classes declined by 6 mm during this time...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943656/bryozoan-zooid-size-variation-across-a-bathymetric-gradient-a-case-study-from-the-icelandic-shelf-and-continental-slope
#17
Anna Stępień, Piotr Kukliński, Maria Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Małgorzata Krzemińska, Gudmundur Gudmundsson
Body size is one of the most important biological characters, as it defines many aspects of organismal functioning at the individual and community level. As body size controls many ecological aspects of species, it is often used as a proxy for the status of the ecosystem. So far no consistent mechanism driving size shift has been proposed. In this study, we investigated bathymetric variability in zooid's size and shape in aquatic colonial animals, Bryozoa. Although the response of bryozoan zooid size to temperature or food concentration has been experimentally proven, the effects of natural environmental variability on marine bryozoan populations has been much less explored...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751791/the-development-of-contemporary-european-sea-bass-larvae-dicentrarchus-labrax-is-not-affected-by-projected-ocean-acidification-scenarios
#18
Amélie Crespel, José-Luis Zambonino-Infante, David Mazurais, George Koumoundouros, Stefanos Fragkoulis, Patrick Quazuguel, Christine Huelvan, Laurianne Madec, Arianna Servili, Guy Claireaux
Ocean acidification is a recognized consequence of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emission in the atmosphere. Despite its threat to marine ecosystems, little is presently known about the capacity for fish to respond efficiently to this acidification. In adult fish, acid-base regulatory capacities are believed to be relatively competent to respond to hypercapnic conditions. However, fish in early life stage could be particularly sensitive to environmental factors as organs and important physiological functions become progressively operational during this period...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596620/respiratory-oxygen-consumption-in-the-seagrass-zostera-marina-varies-on-a-diel-basis-and-is-partly-affected-by-light
#19
Lina M Rasmusson, Chiara Lauritano, Gabriele Procaccini, Martin Gullström, Pimchanok Buapet, Mats Björk
The seagrass Zostera marina is an important marine ecosystem engineer, greatly influencing oxygen and carbon fluctuations in temperate coastal areas. Although photosynthetically driven gas fluxes are well studied, the impact of the plant's mitochondrial respiration on overall CO2 and O2 fluxes in marine vegetated areas is not yet understood. Likewise, the gene expression in relation to the respiratory pathway has not been well analyzed in seagrasses. This study uses a combined approach, studying respiratory oxygen consumption rates in darkness simultaneously with changes in gene expression, with the aim of examining how respiratory oxygen consumption fluctuates on a diel basis...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579642/an-overview-of-recent-research-in-marine-biological-invasions
#20
EDITORIAL
Farrah T Chan, Elizabeta Briski
The Topical Collection on Invasive Species includes 50 articles addressing many tenets of marine invasion ecology. The collection covers important topics relating to propagule pressure associated with transport vectors, species characteristics, attributes of recipient ecosystems, invasion genetics, biotic interactions, testing of invasion hypotheses, invasion dynamics and spread, and impacts of nonindigenous species. This article summarizes some of the collection's highlights.
2017: Marine Biology
journal
journal
25189
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"