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Journal of Oral Rehabilitation

Galit Almoznino, Avraham Zini, Avraham Zakuto, Hulio Zlutzky, Stav Bekker, Boaz Shay, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Rafael Benoliel
BACKGROUND: The total tenderness score is commonly used in headache practice and contributes valuable information. OBJECTIVE: To assess muscle tenderness scores in patients diagnosed with Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and analyze their associations with various demographic and clinical parameters. METHODS: Masticatory (MTS), cervical (CTS) and total (TTS) tenderness scores were analyzed in this case-control study among 192 TMD patients and 99 controls...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Estephan J Moana-Filho, Alberto Herrero Babiloni
BACKGROUND: Endogenous pain modulation (EPM) reflects the brain's ability to modulate incoming nociceptive inputs, and deficient EPM was implicated as a chronic pain mechanism. EPM status was investigated in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients with conflicting results, and its relationship with clinical characteristics in this population is not well known. OBJECTIVES: 1. Determine EPM responses in chronic TMD cases and pain-free controls; 2. Derive pain modulation profiles (PMP) based on individual EPM responses; and 3...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
T E Nogueira, M Schimmel, C R Leles
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the effect of a single-implant retained mandibular overdenture (SIMO), compared with conventional denture (CD), on masticatory performance measured by the mixing ability of a two-coloured chewing gum. METHODS: A sample of edentulous subjects was randomly assigned to the SIMO (n=15) and CD (n=19) groups. Patients in both groups received a set of new complete dentures and the SIMO group received a single implant in the symphyseal region of the mandible (Straumann® Standard Plus SLActive® ) and O'ring/ball attachment for denture retention...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
H Al-Imam, S Michou, A R Benetti, K Gotfredsen
BACKGROUND: The potential of non-invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a tool for assessment of fit of indirect reconstructions is not fully explored. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to investigate the feasibility and validity of OCT, and to measure the internal and marginal fit of acrylic bridges fabricated using direct and indirect digitalization. METHODS: The accuracy of the employed swept source OCT (wavelength: 1310nm) was assessed by comparing with an object with known dimensions...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Fernanda A Sampaio, Claudine R A Sampaio, Carolina O Cunha, Yuri M Costa, Phillipe N B Alencar, Leonardo R Bonjardim, Daniela Garib, Gustavo P Garlet, Eli Eliav, Paulo C R Conti
BACKGROUND: Although inflammation can alter cytokines release and nerve function it is not yet fully established if orthodontic-induced inflammation can cause significant extra-oral trigeminal somatosensory alterations and release of inflammatory chemical mediators. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the impact of orthodontic separator and short-term fixed orthodontic appliance on the extra-oral trigeminal somatosensory function and concentrations of cytokines in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF)...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Jong-Chi Oh
BACKGROUND: Head extension swallowing exercise (HESE) is one of the exercise methods to strengthen the suprahyoid muscle and tongue. In this study, we modified the exercise protocol of the original HESE for application in patients who have difficulty in performing full HESE owing to decreased muscular strength related to swallowing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and the effect of partial HESE on suprahyoid muscle activation and the tongue pressure during 30° extension of the head, rather than full extension, for 8 weeks...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Min Yu, Xuemei Gao
BACKGROUND: Tongue plays an important part in oral and maxillofacial system. Measurement of tongue pressure helps to evaluate the performance of tongue movement. OBJECTIVES: To establish a system for measuring tongue pressure against hard palate and to preliminarily explore pressure distribution of individual normal occlusions and the relationship with dental arch form. METHODS: 19 volunteers of individual normal occlusions out of 189 dental students met inclusion criteria(nine males, ten females, aged 25...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Caoimhin Mac Giolla Phadraig, June Nunn, Philip McCallion, Erica Donnelly-Swift, Maria van Harten, Mary McCarron
OBJECTIVES: This study tests whether total tooth loss is a risk indicator for difficulty eating among a population with intellectual disability and whether complete denture wear mediates this risk. METHODS: Dentate status and difficulty eating was reported for a Nationally representative sample of 690 adults over forty with intellectual disabilities as part of The Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA). A logistic regression model tested the relationship between the Difficulty eating and Dentate status, controlling for the effects of other factors...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Koji Hara, Haruka Tohara, Kenichiro Kobayashi, Kohei Yamaguchi, Ariya Chantaramanee, Kanako Yoshimi, Ayako Nakane, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: The tongue is responsible for compressing food against the palate and squeezing it into the pharynx during the oral preparatory phase of swallowing. Tongue pressure (TP), an indicator of tongue muscle strength, has been observed to decline with age; maximum occlusal force (MOF), an indicator of chewing ability is correlated with TP. However, no study has investigated the relationship between TP and MOF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between TP and MOF according to age in healthy individuals...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Marcello Melis, Massimiliano Di Giosia, Luana Colloca
Ancillary factors, not directly related to treatment, often play a significant role by affecting therapeutic outcome. A search of the literature was conducted including words related to the placebo phenomenon and orofacial diseases. Therefore, critical factors have been grouped into three major categories: (a) the natural course of the diseases; (b) the regression of the symptoms to their mean intensity; and (c) placebo response. This topical narrative review describes the elements mentioned above, provides an up-to-date overview of the hot topics and gaps in the field and indicates developing and future research direction of the orofacial pain field...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Hitomi Okubo, Kentaro Murakami, Hiroki Inagaki, Yasuyuki Gondo, Kazunori Ikebe, Kei Kamide, Yukie Masui, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Satoshi Sasaki, Takeshi Nakagawa, Mai Kabayama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence of causal links between poor mastication and cognitive impairment, but possible effects of dietary hardness, which clearly affects mastication, on cognitive function are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the hypothesis that hardness of the habitual diet would be associated with cognitive function among older Japanese adults. METHODS: The subjects of this cross-sectional study were 635 Japanese community-dwelling people aged 69-71 years...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Mattias Pettersson, Jean Pettersson, Anders Johansson, Margareta Molin Thorén
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the titanium (Ti) content of biopsies from patients with severe peri-implantitis or controls without Ti exposure. BACKGROUND: Peri-implantitis is considered to be an infectious disease, but recent studies have shown that Ti can aggravate inflammation in combination with bacterial products. The Ti content of peri-implantitis and periodontitis (controls) tissue is unknown. METHODS: Thirteen patients referred for peri-implantitis and eleven for periodontitis treatment were included in the study...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Reilly J de Groot, Antoine J W P Rosenberg, Andries van der Bilt, Daniel Aalto, Matthias A W Merkx, Caroline M Speksnijder
INTRODUCTION: Mastication has been assessed in several ways in the past. Both patients reported and objective assessment methods have been developed. The University Medical Center (UMC) Utrecht has developed a mixing ability test (MAT) using a two-coloured wax tablet. The present study investigates the association between the mixing ability test and a chewing related questionnaire in patients treated for oral malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cohort study, patients treated for oral malignancies were assessed 4-6 weeks before and 4-6 weeks after treatment, as well as 6 months, 1 year and 5 years after treatment...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Ulrike Frank, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Dália Nogueira, Antonio Schindler, Sasha Adams, Morgan Curry, Maggie-Lee Huckabee
The Test of Masticating and Swallowing Solids (TOMASS) is a validated assessment tool measuring the efficiency of solid bolus intake by four quantitative parameters: discrete bites, masticatory cycles, swallows and time to ingest a single cracker. A normative database for adults (20-80+ years) has previously been established. The objective of this study was to investigate the applicability and reliability of the TOMASS in children and adolescents (TOMASS-C) and to establish the normative database for this younger population...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Eva Wolf, Mille Dragicevic, Märta Fuhrmann
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of two emergency treatment procedures to alleviate pain from localised symptomatic apical periodontitis: complete chemo-mechanical disinfection (CMD) of the root canal system, or removal of necrotic tissue from the pulp chamber (RNT), that is without instrumentation of the root canals. METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients from the emergency clinic at Malmö University met the inclusion criteria: spontaneous pain and/or pain on percussion and palpation, non-bleeding pulp in the canal orifice, pain ≥4 on a Numeric Rating Scale and ≥18 years of age...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Talita Malini Carletti, Mayara Abreu Pinheiro, Thais Marques Simek Vega Gonçalves, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
BACKGROUND: Edentulism can reduce mastication, leading to changes in food pattern, with possible consequences to masticatory muscle thickness. OBJECTIVES: This study verified masticatory function and oral perception in subjects who did not use lower CDs, and whether the insertion of new upper and lower CDs would improve such variables. METHODS: Fifteen edentulous elderly who wore only the upper CD were selected and received new upper and lower CD...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Letícia B Calixtre, Ana Beatriz Oliveira, Lianna Ramalho de Sena Rosa, Susan Armijo-Olivo, Corine M Visscher, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring interventions targeting the cervical spine to improve symptoms in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether mobilisation of the upper cervical region and craniocervical flexor training decreased orofacial pain, increased mandibular function and pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) of the masticatory muscles and decreased headache impact in women with TMD when compared to no intervention...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Andrew R Geddis-Regan, Margaret Stewart, Rebecca R Wassall
Delivering dental treatment for patients with dementia can be challenging and the complexity of treatment provision can increase as dementia progresses. Treatment at the later stages of dementia can be associated with ethical challenges and procedural risk meaning that a comprehensive patient assessment is crucial; the presence of orofacial pain is a key indication for active intervention from dental teams. To explore the process of oro-facial pain assessment and management, a comprehensive review of qualitative literature was undertaken by searching six electronic databases...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Simone Gouw, Anton de Wijer, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Stanimira I Kalaykova, Nico H J Creugers
BACKGROUND: Even though bruxism has been shown to be associated with several psychological factors, few studies have been performed on its relationships with anger and frustration. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between self-reported awake and sleep bruxism and anger and frustration. METHODS: In this longitudinal observational study, 55 healthy adult participants with "possible" bruxism reported their experienced level of bruxism and several psychosocial factors and lifestyle factors for 28 consecutive days using a personal logbook...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Suzanne Delwel, Erik J A Scherder, Cees de Baat, Tarik T Binnekade, Johannes C van der Wouden, Cees M P M Hertogh, Andrea B Maier, Roberto S G M Perez, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of people with dementia and natural dentition is growing. As dementia progresses, the degree of self-care decreases and the risk of oral health problems and orofacial pain increases. OBJECTIVES: To examine and compare the presence of orofacial pain and its potential causes in older people with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) or dementia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, the presence of orofacial pain and its potential causes was studied in 348 participants with MCI or dementia with all levels of cognitive impairment in two outpatient memory clinics and ten nursing homes...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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