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Journal of Oral Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109024/computer-assisted-technologies-used-in-oral-rehabilitation-and-the-clinical-documentation-of-alleged-advantages-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Asbjørn Jokstad
The objective of this systematic review is to identify current computer-assisted technologies used for managing patients with a need to re-establish craniofacial appearance, subjective discomfort and stomatognathic function, and the extent of their clinical documentation. Electronic search strategies were used for locating clinical studies in MEDLINE through PubMed and in the Cochrane library, and in the grey literature through searches on Google Scholar. The searches for commercial digital products for use in oral rehabilitation resulted in identifying 225 products per November 2016, used for patient diagnostics, communication and therapy purposes, and for other computer-assisted applications in context with oral rehabilitation...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094865/long-term-side-effects-on-the-temporomandibular-joints-and-orofacial-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-a-mandibular-advancement-device
#2
Sofie W Knappe, Merete Bakke, Palle Svanholt, Arne Petersson, Liselotte Sonnesen
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in long-term treatment with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) to increase the upper airway space, may develop changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the orofacial function due to the protruded jaw position during sleep. The aim was to investigate the influence of long-term MAD treatment on the TMJs, orofacial function and occlusion. This prospective study included 30 men and 13 women (median age 54) with OSA (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI): 7-57). They were examined with the Nordic Orofacial Test Screening (NOT-S), the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the TMJs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094863/palatal-morphology-changes-in-post-stroke-patients-measured-by-geometric-morphometrics
#3
Huanca Ghislanzoni Luis, Beatrice Leemann, Panagiotis Christou, Frauke Müller, Martin Schimmel, Stavros Kiliaridis
The present study aimed to describe longitudinal palatal shape changes in post-stroke patients when compared to a sample of healthy subjects through linear measurements and geometric morphometrics. The 3D palatal scanned models of seven stroke patients having a 1-year post-stroke follow up were matched with seven control subject of the same age group (range 50-87 years). Intercanine, intermolar distances, and palatal height were measured. 3D images were also analyzed through geometric morphometrics (GMM) to assess changes in the shape of the palate from T0 to T1 (1 year after the stroke)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075495/oral-tactile-sensitivity-and-masticatory-performance-are-impaired-in-stroke-patients
#4
Martin Schimmel, Garance Voegeli, Elena Duvernay, Beatrice Leemann, Frauke Müller
BACKGROUND: Orofacial impairment following stroke frequently involves reduced chewing performance, i.e., oral phase dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sensitivity of oral tissues following stroke and its potential impact on masticatory function. METHODS: Hospitalized post-stroke patients were recruited and compared to healthy controls. Outcome measures comprised masticatory performance employing a colour-mixing ability-, i.e. bolus-kneading test, maximum lip and bite force, and the one-point and two-point tactile thresholds...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054366/the-role-of-molecular-pain-biomarkers-in-temporomandibular-joint-internal-derangement
#5
REVIEW
Malin Ernberg
There is evidence that low-grade inflammation may be responsible for pain and development of degenerative changes in temporomandibular joint internal derangement. This article reviews the current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind TMJ internal derangements. A non-systematic search was carried out in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library for studies regarding pathophysiological mechanisms behind internal derangements focusing on pain mediating inflammatory and cartilage degrading molecules. Recent data suggests that release of cytokines may be the key event for pain and cartilage destruction in TMJ internal derangements...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054362/the-6-minute-mastication-test-a-unique-test-to-assess-endurance-of-continuous-chewing-normal-values-reliability-reproducibility-and-usability-in-patients-with-mitochondrial-disease
#6
Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Simone Knuijt, Marjo van Gerven, Marloes Lagarde, Jan T Groothuis, Imelda J M de Groot, Mirian C H Janssen
In patients with mitochondrial disease, fatigue and muscle problems are the most common complaints. They also experience these complaints during mastication. To measure endurance in continuous mastication in patients with mitochondrial diseases the 6-minute mastication test (6MMT) was developed. This study included the collection of normal data for the 6MMT in a healthy population (children and adults). During 6 minutes of continuous mastication on a chew tube chewing cycles per minute, total amount of chewing cycles and the difference between minute 1 (M1 ) and minute 6 (M2 ) were collected in 271 healthy participants (5 - 80 years old)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036120/associations-of-pain-intensity-and-pain-related-disability-with-psychological-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-specialized-dental-clinic
#7
Naichuan Su, Frank Lobbezoo, Arjen van Wijk, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Corine M Visscher
The study assessed whether psychological and socio-demographic factors, including somatization, depression, stress, anxiety, daytime sleepiness, optimism, gender and age are associated with pain intensity and pain-related disability in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). In total, 320 TMD patients were involved in the study. The psychological status of each patient was assessed with questionnaires, including the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), stress questionnaire, and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032898/age-related-morphological-histological-and-functional-changes-in-teeth
#8
REVIEW
Thiago Saads Carvalho, Adrian Lussi
Throughout lifetime, the teeth are continuously exposed to numerous chemical and physical impacts, which cause the wear of the dental hard tissues, gingival recession and other oral changes with sometimes subsequent problems. Age-related wear of tooth surfaces reduce the dental enamel thickness and expose deeper layers of enamel, which have different physical and chemical properties than the surface enamel. Gingival recession is the main causal factor of root caries and dentine hypersensitivity. Age-related changes in dentine include the formation of secondary dentine and the reduction of tubular lumen diameter (dentine sclerosis), which lead to a reduction in the volume of the pulp chamber...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029687/age-related-changes-in-mastication
#9
REVIEW
M A Peyron, A Woda, P Bourdiol, M Hennequin
The paper reviews human mastication, focusing on its age-related changes. The first part describes mastication adaptation in young healthy individuals. Adaptation to obtain a food bolus ready to be swallowed relies on variations in number of cycles, muscle strength and volume of emitted saliva. As a result, the food bolus displays granulometric and rheological properties, the values of which are maintained within the adaptive range of deglutition. The second part concerns healthy aging. Some mastication parameters are slightly modified by age, but aging itself does not impair mastication, as the adaptation possibilities remain operant...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008644/test-retest-reliability-of-quantitative-sensory-testing-for-mechanical-somatosensory-and-pain-modulation-assessment-of-masticatory-structures
#10
Yuri M Costa, Orlando Morita-Neto, Everardo N S de Araújo-Júnior, Fernanda A Sampaio, Paulo César R Conti, Leonardo R Bonjardim
BACKGROUND: Assessing the reliability of medical measurements is a crucial step toward the elaboration of an applicable clinical instrument. There are few studies that evaluate the reliability of somatosensory assessment and pain modulation of masticatory structures. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the test-retest reliability, i.e., over time, of the mechanical somatosensory assessment of anterior temporalis, masseter and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the conditioned pain modulation (CPM) using the anterior temporalis as the test site...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998007/mandibular-movements-and-bite-force-in-alzheimer-disease-before-and-after-new-denture-insertion
#11
Camila Heitor Campos, Giselle Rodrigues Ribeiro, Florindo Stella, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
BACKGROUND: Chewing impairment has been observed in elders with Alzheimer disease (AD), however it is unknown whether oral rehabilitation can improve their masticatory function. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of new removable prostheses on chewing function of patients with AD METHODS: Participants using removable dentures were divided into two groups: patients with mild AD (77.2 ± 5.8 years, n=16) and controls (76.0 ± 4.4, n=16). All participants received general dental treatment and new total and/or partial removable prostheses...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997984/the-relationship-between-lip-closing-force-and-dental-arch-morphology-in-patient-with-angle-class-i-malocclusion
#12
Yoshie Takehana, Yuji Masuda, Toru Kageyama, Rurika Okazaki, Madoka Murakami, Kazuhiro Yamada
Dental arch morphology and tooth position are affected by lip-closing force (LCF). This study aimed to quantitatively evaluate the relationships between the horizontal or vertical balance of the LCF generated during maximum voluntary pursing-like movements and dental arch length (DAL) or width (DAW) or the lingual inclination of the upper or lower 1st molars (LIUM, LILM) in patients with Angle Class I malocclusion. Sixteen subjects with Angle Class I malocclusion (median age: 23.4±5.9 years) who had never undergone orthodontic treatment were randomly selected...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981620/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiographic-status-around-immediately-loaded-versus-conventional-loaded-implants-placed-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-12-and-24-month-follow-up-results
#13
M D Al Amri, A M Alfarraj Aldosari, S S Al-Johany, A M Al Baker, M Q Al Rifaiy, A A Al-Kheraif
There are no studies that have compared the clinical and radiographic status around immediately loaded (IL) and conventional loaded (CL) implants placed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim was to compare the clinical and radiographic status around IL and CL implants placed in T2DM patients. One hundred and eight diabetic patients [55 with IL implants (Group 1) and 53 with CL implants (Group 2)] were included in this cross-sectional study. All implants were placed in healed sites in the maxillary and mandibular premolar and molar regions and supported single restorations...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973740/clinical-features-and-factors-associated-with-non-carious-cervical-lesions-and-dentin-hypersensitivity
#14
Karina Tiemi Yoshizaki, Luciana Fávaro Francisconi-Dos-Rios, Maria Angela Pita Sobral, Ana Cecília Corrêa Aranha, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Taís Scaramucci
Determining the factors associated with NCCLs and DH in populations, could guide the implementation of specific preventive measures. This study evaluated the clinical features and factors associated with non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) and dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in a Brazilian population. The participants were 118 patients at the Dentistry Clinic of our dental school. They completed an interview to obtain personal information and determine the possible factors associated with NCCLs and DH. Clinical examination was undertaken to record the NCCLs, shape of the lesion, and certain occlusal factors...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973713/subjects-with-temporomandibular-joint-disk-displacement-do-not-feature-any-peculiar-changes-in-body-posture
#15
T Rocha, M A Castro, L Guarda-Nardini, D Manfredini
BACKGROUND: The presence of body posture changes among patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has been a controversial topic in dentistry. Based on that, the aim of this study was to assess postural features of pain-free subjects with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), viz., disk displacement, when compared to subjects with normal disk position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 subjects with unilateral, pain-free TMJ disk displacement (DD) and 21 subjects without any TMD signs of symptoms were assessed for body posture changes by means of posturographic evaluation of several body segments and postural balance reactions through the center of mass during jaw movements using a balance platform...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973693/reliability-and-validity-of-a-tool-to-measure-the-severity-of-tongue-thrust-in-children-the-tongue-thrust-rating-scale
#16
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to develop a scale called Tongue Thrust Rating Scale (TTRS), which categorized tongue thrust in children in terms of its severity during swallowing, and to investigate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The study describes the developmental phase of the TTRS and presented its content and criterion-based validity and inter-observer and intra-observer reliability. For content validation, seven experts assessed the steps in the scale over two Delphi rounds...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973690/single-mandibular-implant-study-smis-denture-satisfaction-in-the-elderly
#17
Nicole Passia, Wael Att, Sandra Freitag-Wolf, Guido Heydecke, Valerie V Königsmark, Nadine Frfr V Maltzahn, Thorsten Mundt, Michael Rädel, Franz Sebastian Schwindling, Stefan Wolfart, Matthias Kern
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there are differences in patients' denture satisfaction when an implant placed in the midline of the edentulous mandible is loaded either immediately or three months later, after second stage surgery. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-eight edentulous patients received a single implant in the midline of the mandible. After randomization, it was loaded either immediately after implant placement (N=81, group A) or three months later, after a submerged healing phase and a second stage surgery (N=77, group B)...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973685/posterior-teeth-occlusion-and-dysphagia-risk-in-older-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#18
Yuka Okabe, Kenji Takeuchi, Maya Izumi, Michiko Furuta, Toru Takeshita, Yukie Shibata, Shinya Kageyama, Seijun Ganaha, Yoshihisa Yamashita
The total number of natural teeth are related to swallowing function among older adults; however, limited information is available regarding the impact of occluding pairs of teeth on swallowing function. This study aimed to examine the association between posterior teeth occlusion and dysphagia risk in older nursing home residents. This cross-sectional study included 238 residents aged ≥60 years from 8 nursing homes in Aso City, Japan. Swallowing function was evaluated using the modified water swallowing test (MWST); the primary outcome was dysphagia risk (MWST score ≤3)...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973684/the-impact-of-arthrocentesis-with-and-without-hyaluronic-acid-injection-in-the-prognosis-and-synovial-fluid-myeloperoxidase-levels-of-patients-with-painful-symptomatic-internal-derangement-of-temporomandibular-joint-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Serap Moroğlu Ozdamar, Burcin Alev, Aysen Yarat
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the relationship between myeloperoxidase (MPO) and internal derangement (ID) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and effects of arthrocentesis procedure, either alone or in combination with hyaluronic acid (HA) injection on the prognosis of ID of TMJ. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial has been conducted through patients, who underwent arthrocentesis for the treatment of ID of TMJ, were randomly divided into two groups...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917518/dental-implant-loss-in-older-versus-younger-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#20
REVIEW
Daniel Isaac Sendyk, Emanuel da Silva Rovai, Claudio Mendes Pannuti, Maria Cristina Zindel Deboni, Wilson Roberto Sendyk, Ann Wennerberg
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate implant loss in younger and older patients. An electronic search of four databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS and the Cochrane Library) was undertaken until May 2016 without time restriction and was supplemented by manual searching. Prospective cohorts were included if they met the following criteria: (1) presence of an exposed group (older subjects) with a minimum age of 60 years; (2) presence of a control group (younger subjects) with a maximum age of 59 years; and (3) outcome data considering implant survival or loss...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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