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Journal of Oral Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214379/skeletal-and-dental-effects-of-class-iii-orthopaedic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Roberto Rongo, Vincenzo D'Antò, Rosaria Bucci, Ilaria Polito, Roberto Martina, Ambrosina Michelotti
AIM: To summarise the skeletal, dental and soft tissue effects of orthopaedic treatment on growing skeletal class III patients compared with a concurrent untreated similar control group; and to evaluate if the design of the primary studies may affect the results. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A literature search was performed up to the end of February 2016. No restrictions were applied concerning language and appliances. Once the quality score was assessed, a meta-analysis was performed for the appliances used in more than three studies...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214362/is-there-an-association-between-verbal-school-bullying-and-possible-sleep-bruxism-in-adolescents
#2
Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Patricia Corrêa-Faria, Livia Bonfim Fulgêncio, Saul Martins Paiva, Daniele Manfredini
The aim of this study was to determine the association between verbal school bullying and possible sleep bruxism (SB) in adolescents. A case-control study was carried out at the population level by recruiting 13- to 15-year old participants among the attendants of schools of Itabira, Brazil. The case group was composed of 103 adolescents with possible SB (i.e., self- or parental-reported), while the control group included 206 adolescents without possible SB. All participants answered a questionnaire on the occurrence of their involvement in verbal school bullying episodes, based on the National School of Health Research (PeNSE) as well as an evaluation of their economic class according to the criteria of the Brazilian Association of Research Companies...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196287/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-metal-clasp-dentures-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#3
Kenji Fueki, Eiko Yoshida-Kohno, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the efficacy of non-metal clasp dentures (NMCDs) with regard to the oral-health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and compare the findings with those for conventional metal clasp-retained dentures (MCDs). METHODS: This single-centre, randomized controlled, two-phase, open label, crossover trial included 28 partially dentate individuals. The patients were randomized to receive MCDs followed by NMCDs, or the opposite sequence (n = 14 in each group); each denture was worn for 3 months...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196279/effect-of-head-lift-exercise-on-kinematic-motion-of-the-hyolaryngeal-complex-and-aspiration-in-patients-with-dysphagic-stroke
#4
J S Park, N K Hwang, D H Oh, M Y Chang
The head lift exercise (HLE) is a head-raising workout performed in a supine position. This exercise facilitates activation of the submental muscles located above the hyoid bone in front of the neck. HLE is a potential method to improve the movement of the hyolaryngeal movement and swallowing functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of HLE on the hyolaryngeal movement and aspiration in patients with dysphagic stroke. A total of 27 patients with stroke were randomly assigned either into the experimental (n=13) or the control group (n=14)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196278/carbon-fiber-vs-metal-framework-in-full-arch-immediate-loading-rehabilitations-of-the-maxilla-a-cohort-clinical-study
#5
Francesco Pera, Paolo Pesce, Francesco Solimano, Tiziano Tealdo, Paolo Pera, Maria Menini
BACKGROUND: Frameworks made of carbon fiber reinforced composites (CFRC) seem to be a viable alternative to traditional metal frameworks in implant prosthodontics. CFRC provide stiffness, rigidity and optimal biocompatibility. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present prospective study was to compare carbon fiber frameworks versus metal frameworks used to rigidly splint implants in full-arch immediate loading rehabilitations. METHODS: 42 patients (test group) were rehabilitated with full-arch immediate loading rehabilitations of the upper jaw (total: 170 implants) following the Columbus Bridge Protocol with 4 to 6 implants with distal tilted implants...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181679/mechanism-of-motor-coordination-of-masseter-and-temporalis-muscles-for-increased-masticatory-efficiency-in-mice
#6
Tomoko Yoshimi, Yoshiyuki Koga, Aya Nakamura, Ayumi Fujishita, Haruka Kohara, Emi Moriuchi, Keiko Yoshimi, Chi-Yang Tsai, Noriaki Yoshida
The demand for the use of mice as animal models for elucidating the pathophysiologies and pathogeneses of oral motor disorders has been increasing in recent years, as more and more kinds of genetically modified mice that express functional disorders of the stomatognathic system become available. However, the fundamental characteristics of mouse jaw movements during mastication have yet to be fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of the masseter and temporalis muscles, and the mechanisms of motor coordination of these muscles for increasing masticatory efficiency in the closing phase in mice...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160523/orofacial-functions-in-experimental-models-of-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Diego Cabral Lacerda, Kelli Nogueira Ferraz-Pereira, André Terácio, Bárbara Juacy Rodrigues Costa de Santana, Omar Guzman Quevedo, Raul Manhães-de-Castro, Ana Elisa Toscano
BACKGROUND: Children who suffer from cerebral palsy (CP) often present comorbidities in the form of orofacial dysfunctions. Studies in animals have contributed to elaborate potential therapies aimed at minimizing the chronic disability of the syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the scientific literature regarding the possible effects that experimental models of CP can have on orofacial functions. METHODS: Two independent authors conducted a systematic review in the electronic databases Medline, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science and Lilacs, using Mesh and Decs terms in animal models...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160509/examination-of-factors-affecting-the-intraoral-perception-of-object-size-a-preliminary-study
#8
Kaori Tomita, Kohji Murakami, Mari Takahashi, Takafumi Ooka, Shouji Hironaka
Oral sensory function is essential for the successful performance of a range of ingestion. Although the perception of object size is important in determining the degree of manipulation, evidence suggests that people does not always perceive the size of the object in oral cavity accurately. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting the intraoral perception of object size. 23 healthy young volunteers detected the size of cylinders inserted into oral cavity blindly and identified it from the reference set...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130938/somatosensory-function-in-old-age
#9
REVIEW
Marc W Heft, Michael E Robinson
Sensory decline is viewed as an inevitable consequence of the aging process. However, reports of declines have not been a consistent finding across the sensory systems. Reports from psychophysical studies indicate that the most common declines with aging are in vision and audition and, too a lesser degree, olfaction and gustation. Findings for the somatosensory system (mechanoreception, warming and cooling thermoreception and pain) are less conclusive. Factors that contribute to individual differences in sensory ratings beyond chronological aging include: stimulus factors including stimulus type and body location, response measures and instructions, systemic disease that may affect the peripheral or central nervous system, and environmental factors that may affect the skin integrity...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128466/accounts-of-bullying-on-twitter-in-relation-to-dentofacial-features-and-orthodontic-treatment
#10
C Austin, J S Antoun, K C Morgaine, M Farella
BACKGROUND: Social media offers an accessible resource for gaining unrestricted insights into the social culture of bullying. OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively analyze Twitter posts for common themes relating to dentofacial features, braces, and bullying. METHODS: Twitter's database was searched from 2010 to 2014 using keywords relevant to bullying, teeth and orthodontics. Two investigators assessed the Twitter posts, and selected those that conveyed the experiences or opinions of bullying victims...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128465/oro-facial-impairment-in-stroke-patients
#11
REVIEW
Martin Schimmel, Takahiro Ono, Otto L T Lam, Frauke Müller
Stroke is considered one of the leading causes of death and acquired disability with a peak prevalence over the age of 80 years. Stroke may cause debilitating neurological deficiencies that frequently result in sensory deficits, motor impairment, muscular atrophy, cognitive deficits and psychosocial impairment. Oro-facial impairment may occur due to the frequent involvement of the cranial nerves' cortical representation areas, central nervous system pathways or motoneuron pools. The aim of this narrative, non-systematic review is to discuss the implications of stroke on oro-facial functions and Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109024/computer-assisted-technologies-used-in-oral-rehabilitation-and-the-clinical-documentation-of-alleged-advantages-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Asbjørn Jokstad
The objective of this systematic review is to identify current computer-assisted technologies used for managing patients with a need to re-establish craniofacial appearance, subjective discomfort and stomatognathic function, and the extent of their clinical documentation. Electronic search strategies were used for locating clinical studies in MEDLINE through PubMed and in the Cochrane library, and in the grey literature through searches on Google Scholar. The searches for commercial digital products for use in oral rehabilitation resulted in identifying 225 products per November 2016, used for patient diagnostics, communication and therapy purposes, and for other computer-assisted applications in context with oral rehabilitation...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094865/long-term-side-effects-on-the-temporomandibular-joints-and-oro-facial-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-treated-with-a-mandibular-advancement-device
#13
S W Knappe, M Bakke, P Svanholt, A Petersson, L Sonnesen
Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in long-term treatment with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) to increase the upper airway space may develop changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the oro-facial function due to the protruded jaw position during sleep. The aim was to investigate the influence of long-term MAD treatment on the TMJs, oro-facial function and occlusion. This prospective study included 30 men and 13 women (median age 54) with OSA [Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI): 7-57]. They were examined with the Nordic Orofacial Test Screening (NOT-S), the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the TMJs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054366/the-role-of-molecular-pain-biomarkers-in-temporomandibular-joint-internal-derangement
#14
REVIEW
Malin Ernberg
There is evidence that low-grade inflammation may be responsible for pain and development of degenerative changes in temporomandibular joint internal derangement. This article reviews the current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind TMJ internal derangements. A non-systematic search was carried out in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library for studies regarding pathophysiological mechanisms behind internal derangements focusing on pain mediating inflammatory and cartilage degrading molecules. Recent data suggests that release of cytokines may be the key event for pain and cartilage destruction in TMJ internal derangements...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032898/age-related-morphological-histological-and-functional-changes-in-teeth
#15
REVIEW
T S Carvalho, A Lussi
Throughout lifetime, the teeth are continuously exposed to numerous chemical and physical impacts, which cause the wear of the dental hard tissues, gingival recession and other oral changes with sometimes subsequent problems. Age-related wear of tooth surfaces reduces the dental enamel thickness and exposes deeper layers of enamel, which have different physical and chemical properties than the surface enamel. Gingival recession is the main causal factor of root caries and dentine hypersensitivity. Age-related changes in dentine include the formation of secondary dentine and the reduction in tubular lumen diameter (dentine sclerosis), which lead to a reduction in the volume of the pulp chamber...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029687/age-related-changes-in-mastication
#16
REVIEW
M A Peyron, A Woda, P Bourdiol, M Hennequin
The paper reviews human mastication, focusing on its age-related changes. The first part describes mastication adaptation in young healthy individuals. Adaptation to obtain a food bolus ready to be swallowed relies on variations in number of cycles, muscle strength and volume of emitted saliva. As a result, the food bolus displays granulometric and rheological properties, the values of which are maintained within the adaptive range of deglutition. The second part concerns healthy aging. Some mastication parameters are slightly modified by age, but aging itself does not impair mastication, as the adaptation possibilities remain operant...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973740/clinical-features-and-factors-associated-with-non-carious-cervical-lesions-and-dentin-hypersensitivity
#17
Karina Tiemi Yoshizaki, Luciana Fávaro Francisconi-Dos-Rios, Maria Angela Pita Sobral, Ana Cecília Corrêa Aranha, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Taís Scaramucci
Determining the factors associated with NCCLs and DH in populations, could guide the implementation of specific preventive measures. This study evaluated the clinical features and factors associated with non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) and dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in a Brazilian population. The participants were 118 patients at the Dentistry Clinic of our dental school. They completed an interview to obtain personal information and determine the possible factors associated with NCCLs and DH. Clinical examination was undertaken to record the NCCLs, shape of the lesion, and certain occlusal factors...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973693/reliability-and-validity-of-a-tool-to-measure-the-severity-of-tongue-thrust-in-children-the-tongue-thrust-rating-scale
#18
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to develop a scale called Tongue Thrust Rating Scale (TTRS), which categorized tongue thrust in children in terms of its severity during swallowing, and to investigate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The study describes the developmental phase of the TTRS and presented its content and criterion-based validity and inter-observer and intra-observer reliability. For content validation, seven experts assessed the steps in the scale over two Delphi rounds...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973685/posterior-teeth-occlusion-and-dysphagia-risk-in-older-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#19
Yuka Okabe, Kenji Takeuchi, Maya Izumi, Michiko Furuta, Toru Takeshita, Yukie Shibata, Shinya Kageyama, Seijun Ganaha, Yoshihisa Yamashita
The total number of natural teeth are related to swallowing function among older adults; however, limited information is available regarding the impact of occluding pairs of teeth on swallowing function. This study aimed to examine the association between posterior teeth occlusion and dysphagia risk in older nursing home residents. This cross-sectional study included 238 residents aged ≥60 years from 8 nursing homes in Aso City, Japan. Swallowing function was evaluated using the modified water swallowing test (MWST); the primary outcome was dysphagia risk (MWST score ≤3)...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973684/the-impact-of-arthrocentesis-with-and-without-hyaluronic-acid-injection-in-the-prognosis-and-synovial-fluid-myeloperoxidase-levels-of-patients-with-painful-symptomatic-internal-derangement-of-temporomandibular-joint-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Serap Moroğlu Ozdamar, Burcin Alev, Aysen Yarat
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the relationship between myeloperoxidase (MPO) and internal derangement (ID) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and effects of arthrocentesis procedure, either alone or in combination with hyaluronic acid (HA) injection on the prognosis of ID of TMJ. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial has been conducted through patients, who underwent arthrocentesis for the treatment of ID of TMJ, were randomly divided into two groups...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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