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Journal of Oral Rehabilitation

Jimoh Agbaje, Antoon De Laat, Politis Constantinus, Peter Svensson, Lene Baad-Hansen
Qualitative somatosensory testing (QualST) is a simple chairside test. It can be used to roughly assess the presence or absence of altered somatosensory function. To use QualST clinically, it is important to assess its agreement with quantitative sensory testing (QST). The aims of this study were to assess the agreement between QST and QualST when testing the modulation of facial sensitivity by capsaicin in healthy participants and to explore the agreement between QST and QualST in assessing the intraoral sensory function in clinical atypical odontalgia (AO) patients...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
J S Antoun, W M Thomson, T R Merriman, M Farella
BACKGROUND: The relationship between facial morphology and jaw function remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in self-reported oral behaviour patterns between normodivergent and hyperdivergent participants. METHODS: Some 80 cases and controls were individually matched on age, gender, ethnicity and treatment stage. The participants were recruited from an orthodontic clinic, and included both adolescents and adults. Habitual oral activity was assessed using the Oral Behaviour Checklist (OBC) based on their experiences in the past 4 weeks...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Maya Izumi, Kenji Takeuchi, Seijun Ganaha, Sumio Akifusa, Yoshihisa Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Methods for preventing aspiration pneumonia are needed soon in order to reduce mortality from aspiration pneumonia and promote the health of the elderly. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine whether oral care with tongue cleaning improves coughing ability in elderly individuals living in geriatric care facilities. METHODS: Participants comprised 114 residents of 11 group homes and private nursing homes in Aso City in Kumamoto Prefecture...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Paula C Jordani, Letícia B Campi, Gabriela Z Circeli, Corine Visscher, Marcelo E Bigal, Daniela A G Gonçalves
We conducted a clinical cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between obesity and the presence of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD), controlling for age, gender, presence of migraine, depression, non-specific somatic symptoms and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in an adult population METHODS: A total of 299 individuals (76.6% women) with a mean age of 36.8 ± 12.8 years were evaluated. TMD were classified using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Taiji Ogawa, Masahiro Uota, Kazunori Ikebe, Yasumichi Arai, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Yukie Masui, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Chisato Inomata, Hajime Takeshita, Yusuke Mihara, Kodai Hatta, Yoshinobu Maeda
The sense of taste plays a pivotal role for personal assessment of the nutritional value, safety, and quality of foods. Although it is commonly recognized that taste sensitivity decreases with age, alterations in that sensitivity over time in an old-old population have not been previously reported. Furthermore, no known studies utilized comprehensive variables regarding taste changes and related factors for assessments. Here, we report novel findings from a 3-year longitudinal study model aimed to elucidate taste sensitivity decline and its related factors in old-old individuals...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Shunichi Suzuki, Eduardo Enrique Castrillon-Watanabe, Taro Arima, Yoshimasa Kitagawa, Peter Svensson
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain associated with temporomandibular disorders has often been linked to pathological muscle hyperactivity. As a result, localized disturbances of intramuscular blood flow could lead to a lower level of oxygen distribution, hypoxia and microcirculatory changes. AIM: To assess hemodynamic changes in the masseter muscle during sustained elevated muscle activity (SEMA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen healthy participants performed thirty 1-minute bouts of SEMA with intervals of 1-minute "rest" periods between the bouts on a bite force transducer device...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Magda Amhamed, Terry Whittle, Tantry Maulina, John Gal, Rahena Akhter, Greg M Murray
To test the hypotheses that experimental noxious stimulation of the anterior temporalis muscle results in significant decreases in jaw movement amplitude and velocity, and there are significant correlations between scores of mood or pain-related cognitions and amplitude and velocity. The jaw movements of 14 asymptomatic participants were recorded during standardized open/close jaw movements and free and standardized chewing tasks. Tonic infusion of hypertonic saline into the right anterior temporalis muscle maintained pain intensity between 40-60 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
J Durham, M Al-Baghdadi, L Baad-Hansen, M Breckons, J P Goulet, F Lobbezoo, T List, A Michelotti, Nixdorf, C C Peck, K Raphael, E Schiffman, J G Steele, W Story, R Ohrbach
Self-management (SM) programmes are commonly used for initial treatment of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The programmes described in the literature, however, vary widely with no consistency in terminology used, components of care, or their definitions. The aims of this study were, therefore, to: construct an operationalized definition of self-management appropriate for the treatment of patients with TMD; identify the components of that self-management currently being used; create sufficiently clear and non-overlapping standardized definitions for each of those components...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Peter Svensson, Abhishek Kumar
Orofacial pain research has during the last decades provided important novel insights into the basic underlying mechanisms, the need for standardized diagnostic procedures and classification systems, and multiple treatment options for successful rehabilitation of the patient in pain. Notwithstanding the significant progress in our knowledge spanning from molecules to chair, there may also be limitations in our ability to integrate and interpret the tremendous amount of new data and information, in particular in terms of the clinical implications and overriding conceptual models for orofacial pain...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Sven E Widmalm, Yan Dong, Boxiu Li, Min Lin, LiJie Fan, Simin Deng
The aim was to study the characteristics of lateral mandibular horizontal deviations during opening-closing movements and their association with TMJ sounds of the clicking type. Subjects were 28 healthy volunteers and 38 patients diagnosed with MRI imaging as having TMJ disc dysfunction, 22 with disk displacement without (DD) and 16 as having disc displacement with reduction (DDR). TMJ sounds were recorded with miniature microphones placed in the ear canals, and jaw movements were documented with a kinesiograph...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Jing Yang, Dongping Cai, Fang Wang, He Dan, Ling Ma, Ying Jin, Kehua Que
This study investigated the prevalence, risk factors and association of occlusive wear with non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in the general Chinese population. A total of 1320 subjects were recruited, and multi-stage and random sampling methods of survey spots were performed. All age groups comprised similar numbers of participants and equal numbers of males and females. Each subject completed a structured interview, and all teeth of each subject were examined by a practitioner to determine NCCLs and occlusive wear...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
T Goto, N Higaki, K Yagi, Y Ishida, M Watanabe, K Nagao, T Ichikawa
A large number of studies have reported the findings for masticatory efficiency tests; however, some objective masticatory efficiency tests have a drawback, in that subjects are required to spit out the test material. This study examined the possibility of a masticatory efficiency test that evaluates the intensity of odours released when chewing an odour compound-containing material. A total of 20 volunteers were used in this study. The odour intensity in the breath after chewing a gum was measured by portable odour sensor device...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
E-K Korduner, I Collin Bagewitz, P Vult von Steyern, E Wolf
The aim of this investigation was to study the clinical prosthodontic decision-making process relating to dentitions with compromised molars among Swedish general dental practitioners (GDPs). Eleven Swedish GDPs were purposively selected, and all agreed to participate. Then, in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted and covered treatment considerations concerning two authentic patient cases, initially with complete dental arches, and later, a final treatment based on a shortened dental arch (SDA) was discussed...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
T Shinohara, T Izawa, A Mino-Oka, H Mori, A Iwasa, T Inubushi, Y Yamaguchi, E Tanaka
This study aimed to examine hyaluronan (HA) metabolism in relation to the onset and progression of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) induced by mechanical overloading. Two-month-old and 6-month-old C57BL/6N mice were divided into experimental and untreated control groups (n = 5/group). A sliding plate was attached to the maxillary incisors of the experimental mice for 10 days to overload the condylar cartilage in TMJ. In experimental group, profound cartilage degradation was detected in haematoxylin-eosin, Safranin-O-Fast Green-stained sections...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
M Uota, T Ogawa, K Ikebe, Y Arai, K Kamide, Y Gondo, Y Masui, T Ishizaki, C Inomata, H Takeshita, Y Mihara, Y Maeda
The sense of taste is important, as it allows for assessment of nutritional value, as well as safety and quality of foods, with several factors suggested to be associated with taste sensitivity. However, comprehensive variables regarding taste and related factors have not been utilised in previous studies for assessments of sensitivity. In the present study, we performed cross-sectional analyses of taste sensitivity and related factors in geriatric individuals who participated in the SONIC Study. We analysed 2 groups divided by age, 69-71 years (young-old, n = 687) and 79-81 years (old-old, n = 621), and performed a general health assessment, an oral examination and determination of taste sensitivity...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Tiina-Riitta Vuorjoki-Ranta, Frank Lobbezoo, Miira Vehkalahti, Henri Tuomilehto, Jari Ahlberg
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an increasing problem worldwide. Yet, a large number of patients may remain undiagnosed. Dentists could suspect OSA but little is known about their knowledge and attitudes towards the topic. METHODS: An email questionnaire was sent to dentists working in Helsinki Health Centre, Helsinki, Finland (n=226). It consisted of demographic data, items on dentists' overall knowledge of OSA and factors associated with it, and their possibilities and willingness to take part in the recognition and treatment of OSA patients...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Mie Bak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
K Nelson, A Stricker, J-D Raguse, S Nahles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
A Fujiwara, K Tokura, W Tome, N Kitai
The purpose of this study was to investigate the multidirectional lip-closing force in adult females before and after short-term lip training. Sixty-six Japanese females participated in this study. The subjects performed lip training that involved maintaining 200 or 400 g of bottled water in the oral vestibule. The signals of directional lip-closing force were investigated in eight directions before training and 5 and 7 days after the lip training. The differences in the closing force between pre- and post-training were then analysed statistically...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Q Pan, N Maeda, Y Manda, N Kodama, S Minagi
Recently, the swallowing sound has been used to detect swallowing events non-invasively. A previous study, using an accelerometer, showed that the site over the lateral border of the trachea immediately inferior to the cricoid cartilage was the optimal site for detecting swallowing sounds. However, the optimal site for detection of the swallowing sound using a microphone remains undetermined. To validate the optimal site in the neck region for detecting swallowing sounds. Fourteen healthy subjects (mean age, 27·6 ± 2·2 years; seven male and seven female) participated in this study...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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