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Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327864/limits-of-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-cranio-vertebral-junction-tumors
#1
Matteo Zoli, Nicolò Rossi, Filippo Friso, Carmelo Sturiale, Giorgio Frank, Ernesto Pasquini, Diego Mazzatenta
INTRODUCTION: The endoscopic endonasal approach has been recently proposed for cranio-vertebral junction lesions. The more common indication for this sagittal extension of the endonasal route is represented by odontoidectomy for irreducible ventral brainstem compression due to congenital or degenerative conditions. However, in an increasing number of studies its adoption for tumors involving the cranio-cervical junction has been reported. The aim of this study is to consider retrospectively our surgical series, focusing on the advantages and limits of this approach...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327863/endoscopic-endonasal-transpterygoid-approach-to-petrous-pathologies-technique-limitations-and-alternative-approaches
#2
Gautam U Mehta, Shaan M Raza
The endoscopic endonasal transpterygoid approach is a versatile technique, providing direct access to the petrous apex through an anterior surgical corridor. In this review we detail the transpterygoid approach to the petrous apex and highlight its relative indications. Although this approach is a useful strategy for many lesions of the petrous apex, disease extension into lateral, superior, or posterior compartments may limit extent of resection afforded by an anterior approach alone. Based on these considerations, a disease compartment-specific strategy is discussed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327862/endoscopic-fenestration-of-a-posterior-fossa-arachnoid-cyst-to-treat-a-chiari-like-headache
#3
Matteo Vitali, Andrea Cattalani, Vincenzo M Grasso, Alessandro Bertuccio, Andrea Barbanera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308634/the-current-management-of-spinal-cord-cavernoma
#4
Julia Velz, Oliver Bozinov, Johannes Sarnthein, Luca Regli, David Bellut
BACKGROUND: Spinal cavernous malformations (SCM) were once thought to be rare lesions of the spinal cord. However, with the broad use of modern imaging techniques the incidence of SCM has significantly increased over the last decades. Management of both symptomatic and incidental findings is therefore of growing importance. However, experience with treatment and follow-up is very limited. METHODS: We performed a single institution retrospective review of consecutive patients with SCM treated at our Department between 2006-2016 and discuss the clinical features as well as surgical versus conservative outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308633/blood-tissue-analysis-of-tp53-polymorphisms-and-survival-of-patients-with-glioma
#5
Pier P Panciani, Maria T Giordana, Salvatore Gallone, Andrea Muratori, Rosaria Rotunno, Karol Migliorati, Giannantonio Spena, Alessandro Ducati, Marco Fontanella
BACKGROUND: The role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TP53 in the pathogenesis of glioma is debated. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of several TP53 SNPs in the risk of glioma and their possible role as prognostic biomarkers of overall and progression-free survival. METHODS: We examined 12 SNPs in TP53 from peripheral blood and neoplastic tissue of patients with a diagnosis of glioma who underwent surgery from 2012 to 2015. Direct genomic sequencing of TP53 was performed to detect the presence of polymorphisms...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308632/de-novo-appearance-of-sporadic-supratentorial-multiple-cavernomatosis-with-rebleeding-brainstem-cavernoma-unpredictable-aggressive-course
#6
Federica Novegno, Filippo Fava, Pierpaolo Lunardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308631/rate-of-spinal-surgery-in-a-rapidly-aging-society-the-27-year-changes-in-miyagi-prefecture-japan
#7
Toshimi Aizawa, Shoichi Kokubun, Takashi Kusakabe, Hiroshi Ozawa, Yasuhisa Tanaka, Takeshi Hoshikawa, Ko Hashimoto, Haruo Kanno, Naoki Morozumi, Yutaka Koizumi, Chikashi Kawahara, Tetsuro Sato, Hironori Hyodo, Shinji Ogawa, Eiichi Murakami, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: Japan has had a rapidly aging population during the past 30 years. This study aimed to investigate longitudinal changes in the surgical rate for spinal disorders in Miyagi Prefecture (2.35 million inhabitants) with a similar population composition to Japan. METHODS: Data of spinal surgeries were collected using the spine registry by Tohoku University Spine Society. Data on the annual number of spinal surgeries between 1988 and 2014 of all populations, in those aged ≧65 years old, in those aged ≧75 years old, and for each pathology were collected...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308630/surgical-outcome-of-tuberculum-sellae-and-planum-sphenoidale-meningiomas-based-on-sekhar-mortazavi-tumor-classification
#8
Lorenzo Giammattei, Mahmoud Messerer, Amani Belouaer, Roy T Daniel
BACKGROUND: Results from surgical series of tuberculum and planum sphenoidale meningiomas tends to be heterogeneous. Sekhar-Mortazavi tumor classification system has been recently proposed in order to predict the surgical risk and outcome. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of tuberculum and planum sphenoidale meningioma operated at our institution between 2009 and 2016. Sekhar-Mortazavi tumor classification was applied to classify these tumors and evaluate the outcome...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265794/convex-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#9
Xuan Yao, Jincheng Liu, Zhihua Cao, Guangzhi Liu, Guibin Zhang, Peiyang Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249130/case-analysis-of-short-stature-complicated-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#10
Yaping Liu, Kaiyue DU, Fengjuan Sun, Hui Xu, Jian Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205011/clinical-correlates-of-subventricular-zone-contacting-glioblastomas-a-meta-analysis
#11
Akshitkumar M Mistry
INTRODUCTION: The clinical and molecular correlates of glioblastomas (GBMs) contacting the subventricular zone (SVZ+ GBM) are unknown. We aimed to reveal any such correlates that may help explain their increased GBM malignancy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A meta-analysis was, therefore, conducted to assess whether tumor's MGMT promoter methylation status, IDH mutation status, volume, and extent of resection as well as patients' age at diagnosis and preoperative Karnofsky performance status score (KPS) correlate with SVZ contact by GBM...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205010/boomerang-shaped-hemorrhage-of-the-splenium-of-corpus-callosum-after-mild-brain-injury-an-unusual-case-of-delayed-hematoma
#12
Davide Bagatti, Vittoria Nazzi, Maria G Egitto, Angelo Franzini, Luisa Chiapparini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154509/technology-assisted-rehabilitation-interventions-following-pediatric-brain-injury
#13
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Emily L Shultz, Brad G Kurowski, Aimee E Miley, Jessica M Aguilar, Anna-Lynne R Adlam
INTRODUCTION: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied to rehabilitation. The objective of this narrative review was to describe the current literature technologically-assisted interventions for the rehabilitation of motor, neurocognitive, behavioral, and family impairments following pediatric TBI...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154508/primary-gliosarcoma-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-management-and-survival
#14
Ruichong Ma, Delia-Marina Alexe, Davide Boeris, Erlick Pereira
Gliosarcomas are malignant tumours of the central nervous system. As glioblastomas (GBM), they are treated in a similar fashion. However there is growing evidence to suggest that they may be a separate entity. Due to the rarity of primary gliosarcomas (PGS)Here we publish single centre data over a 14-year period, comprising possibly one of the biggest case series in the literature to our knowledge. The mean age at presentation was 59 years with male preponderance (1.75:1). The most common presenting symptoms were balance and mobility issues (61%), followed by headaches (50%) and visual problems (39%)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125267/treatment-strategies-of-spinal-arteriovenous-fistulas-and-malformations-timing-matters
#15
Wing M Ho, Alice Görke, Ondra Petr, Claudius Thomé
Spinal vascular malformations are a rare heterogenous entity of spinal lesions with abnormal blood vessels. They may occur extra- and intradurally, peri- and intramedullary, with confined or complex configuration, and at various levels of the spine. Associated clinical symptoms are extremely variable and may range from diffuse pain, to progressive myelopathy, and even to acute hemorrhage with severe neurological deficits. Often, the patients present with significant spinal cord injury before the spinal arteriovenous lesions are diagnosed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125266/decision-making-in-very-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-glasgow-coma-scale-3-5-a-literature-review-of-acute-neurosurgical-management-of-the-most-severely-threatened-brain-trauma-patients
#16
Jeroen van Dijck, Florence Reith, Inge van Erp, Thomas van Essen, Andrew Maas, Wilco C Peul, Godard de Ruiter
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with an early GCS score of 3-5 after blunt or penetrating skull-brain assaults are categorized as having sustained a very severe Traumatic Brain Injury (vs-TBI). This category is often overlooked in literature. Impact on patients and families lives however is huge and the question "whether to surgically treat or not" frequently poses a dilemma to treating physicians. Little is known about mortality and outcome, compared to what is known for the group of severe TBI patients (s-TBI) (GCS 3- 8)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115103/microvascular-decompression-of-trigeminal-motor-root-a-considerable-surgical-cure-for-hemimasticatory-spasm
#17
Lukui Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115102/intramuscular-myxoma-of-the-cervical-muscles-with-gnas-mutation
#18
Giulia Pilloni, Marco Ajello, Antonio Melcarne, Nicola Marengo, Francesco Zenga, Diego Garbossa, Alessandro Ducati, Fulvio Tartara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115101/holospinal-epidural-abscess-combined-with-multifocal-extraspinal-abscesses-in-an-elderly-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-receiving-infliximab-therapy
#19
Ioannis D Siasios, Benjamin Szewczyk, Amanda Zakeri, Joseph M Kowalski, Vassilios G Dimopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115100/efficacy-of-decompressive-craniectomy-in-the-management-of-intracranial-pressure-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
John K Yue, Jonathan W Rick, Hansen Deng, Michael J Feldman, Ethan A Winkler
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of permanent disability for which clinical management remains suboptimal. Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is a common sequela following TBI leading to death and permanent disability if not properly managed. While clinicians often employ stepwise acute care algorithms to reduce ICP, a number of patients will fail medical management and may be considered for surgical decompression. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) involves removing a component of the bony skull to allow cerebral tissue expansion in order to reduce ICP...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
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