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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115344/infectious-disease-topics-for-primary-care
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael A Malone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115343/-tick-tick-tick%C3%A2
#2
EDITORIAL
Joel J Heidelbaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115342/infections-during-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Connie Leeper, Andrew Lutzkanin
Several infections have unique consequences or considerations in pregnancy. Some common infections such as urinary tract infections, influenza, sexually transmitted diseases, and vaginitis affect pregnant women differently than the general population, can cause pregnancy complications, and require treatments that are safe in pregnancy. Infections such as hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted vertically and therefore management focuses on decreasing perinatal transmission. Certain infections can be transmitted in utero and cause congenital infections...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115341/approach-to-aquatic-skin-infections
#4
REVIEW
Brintha Vasagar, Vasudha Jain, Anthony Germinario, Heber J Watson, Michael Ouzts, Richard John Presutti, Salvador Alvarez
Aquatic-based infections can present a treatment challenge for primary care physicians because of the likely polymicrobial nature of the infection and the possibility of uncommon pathogenic organisms. Although Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species that colonize the skin are the most common etiologic agents associated with saltwater and freshwater skin and soft tissue infections, other significant pathogens can include Vibrio, Aeromonas, Edwardsiella, Erysipelothrix, and Mycobacterium. Early detection and appropriate management of aquatic infections can significantly decrease morbidity and mortality...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115340/health-guidelines-for-travel-abroad
#5
REVIEW
Jason Lohr, Norman Benjamin Fredrick, Leesha Helm, Jeffrey Cho
Most travel medical care is provided by patients' primary care physicians; only 10% of international travelers visit a travel clinic. The main purposes for travel include vacationing, visiting friends and family, business, and for educational purposes. The purposes of the pretravel consultation are to estimate risk and provide recommendations to mitigate risk.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115339/role-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-in-infectious-disease
#6
REVIEW
Jeffrey H Baker, Juan Qiu, Kristen Grine
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly being used in Western countries despite the lack of conclusive research studies. Several CAM modalities have only shown variable therapeutic efficacy in infectious disease management. Clinicians should be familiar with these therapies in order to advise patients about alternative therapeutic options when treating infections.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115338/common-gastrointestinal-infections
#7
REVIEW
Jarrett Sell, Bevin Dolan
Gastrointestinal infections account for a large burden of acute and chronic disease, with diarrhea being the most common manifestation. Most cases are due to viruses, with norovirus being the most common, whereas bacteria and parasites are also important contributors to acute and chronic gastrointestinal infections and their sequelae. Nontyphoidal Salmonella species cause the most hospitalizations and deaths in the United States. This article reviews an evidence-based approach to diarrhea evaluation with a focus on pathogen-specific testing and management for the most common viral, bacterial, and parasitic causes in the United States...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115337/central-nervous-system-infections
#8
REVIEW
Richard A Giovane, Paul Drake Lavender
Infections of the nervous system are potential life-threatening and are caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Prompt recognition and treatment of a central nervous system (CNS) infection is crucial for patient survival, as these infections have a high morbidity and mortality. CNS infections include meningitis, encephalitis, and brain abscesses. This article seeks to detail the etiology, clinical course, diagnostic challenges, and treatment of CNS infections organized by infectious agent.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115336/guidelines-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-pneumonia
#9
REVIEW
Samuel N Grief, Julie K Loza
Pneumonia is a common cause of respiratory infection, accounting for more than 800,000 hospitalizations in the United States annually. Presenting symptoms of pneumonia are typically cough, pleuritic chest pain, fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Children and the elderly have different presenting features of pneumonia, which include headache, nausea, abdominal pain, and absence of one or more of the prototypical symptoms. Knowledge of local bacterial pathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility and resistance profiles is the key for effective pharmacologic selection and treatment of pneumonia...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115335/emergence-of-global-antibiotic-resistance
#10
REVIEW
Martha Shawn Morehead, Catherine Scarbrough
Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide phenomenon and a global public health crisis. The inappropriate use of antibiotics in the human, animal, food, and agricultural arenas have contributed to the current dilemma. Both gram-positive and gram-negative resistant bacteria have been deemed serious and urgent threats by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The World Health Organization has created a 5-objective global action plan to address antimicrobial resistance and to coordinate numerous international sectors...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115334/urinary-tract-infection-antibiotic-resistance-in-the-united-states
#11
REVIEW
Thomas A Waller, Sally Ann L Pantin, Ashley L Yenior, George G A Pujalte
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common entities in medicine and affected patients present daily in a typical family medicine practice. The patients often present with the "classic symptoms" of dysuria and increased frequency, but sometimes they are asymptomatic or have a mixed picture. In most cases, an antibiotic is prescribed, and this practice is likely contributing to increasing worldwide antibiotic resistance. To help combat this problem, it is important that clinicians seek out their local bacterial resistance patterns and antibiograms, properly diagnose and treat UTI if indicated, and recognize their role in antibiotic stewardship...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115333/skin-infections
#12
REVIEW
Karl T Clebak, Michael A Malone
The primary care provider will commonly see skin and soft tissue infections in the outpatient setting. Skin and soft tissue infections range from the uncomplicated impetigo to the potentially lethal necrotizing fasciitis. This article reviews these infections based on their underlying etiology: bacterial, fungal, and viral causes. This article discusses the etiology, presentation, evaluation, and management of impetigo, bullous impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, periorbital cellulitis, orbital cellulitis, folliculitis, furuncles, carbuncles, abscess, necrotizing fasciitis, sporotrichosis, tinea corporis, tinea pedis, tinea capitis, Herpes Simplex Virus, zoster, molluscum contagiosum, and warts...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115332/pertussis-the-whooping-cough
#13
REVIEW
Van Tuong Ngoc Nguyen, Lauren Simon
Bordetella pertussis can cause serious and potentially fatal complications, especially in very young infants. Early diagnosis and treatment of pertussis with a macrolide antibiotic, such as azithromycin, before the paroxysmal stage of disease can help mitigate complications and reduce the spread of this highly contagious disease.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115331/mite-and-bed-bug-infections
#14
REVIEW
Jason R Woloski, Deepa Burman, Olumuyiwa Adebona
Patients with suspected bites or skin rashes regularly present to their primary care physician. Common mite infections encountered in the primary care office include scabies, chiggers, grain itch, and allergic responses from dust mites. In fact, scabies is one of the 50 most prevalent diseases worldwide. Bed bugs are also becoming increasingly common, living in dark crevices, such as mattresses, feeding at night, and causing a maculopapular immune mediated allergic skin response in humans. Proper identification of the mite or bed bug is essential to guide treatment and eradication...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115330/mosquito-borne-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Hobart Lee, Sara Halverson, Ngozi Ezinwa
Mosquito-borne diseases have become more common as previously geographically isolated diseases have spread globally. Chikungunya, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, West Nile, yellow fever, and Zika are a few of the common and emerging viral diseases spread by mosquitoes. A thorough patient history, physical, and knowledge of diagnostic testing based on symptom duration is important to make a quick and accurate diagnosis. Because the treatment for many of these diseases is supportive, the emphasis is on reducing risk and spread of infection...
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115329/tick-borne-illnesses-in-the-united-states
#16
REVIEW
George G A Pujalte, Scott T Marberry, Claudia R Libertin
Close interaction with nature can lead to tick-borne illnesses, which are seen most frequently in primary care clinics when patients present symptoms. Considerable morbidity can result from untreated infections. Fortunately, these illnesses are often easily managed when diagnosed early.
September 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759131/rheumatic-diseases-beyond-the-musculoskeletal-system
#17
EDITORIAL
Seetha U Monrad, Daniel F Battafarano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759130/a-better-hope
#18
EDITORIAL
Joel J Heidelbaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759129/approach-to-osteoarthritis-management-for-the-primary-care-provider
#19
REVIEW
Thomas W Schmidt
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease in the world today. Patients will present for evaluation and treatment to primary care providers on a regular basis. A general understanding of its pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment is imperative. The goal of this article was to provide the primary care provider with a primer on osteoarthritis care and management.
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759128/autoimmunity-mimics-infection-and-malignancy
#20
REVIEW
Jeffrey C Eickhoff, Angelique N Collamer
Musculoskeletal rheumatic syndromes are commonly encountered in the primary care setting. A plethora of commonly encountered and rare infectious agents can produce osteoarticular and soft tissue manifestations. Likewise, malignancies may manifest rheumatic symptoms via direct tumor invasion or paraneoplastic effects. Awareness of these diseases and their clinical risk factors should result in improved screening and earlier recognition and intervention, leading to improved long-term outcomes and overall patient care...
June 2018: Primary Care
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