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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157070/review-of-the-literature-examining-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-retinopathy
#1
Paul D Loprinzi, Meghan K Edwards, Emily Frith
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this review was to evaluate the association between physical activity and retinopathy. Secondary aims included evaluating the association between sedentary behavior and retinopathy, and evaluating the association between physical activity/sedentary behavior on health outcomes among patients with existing retinopathy. METHODS: Twenty-one articles met our criteria for inclusion in this review. RESULTS: Among the 19 studies evaluating the main aim (physical activity and retinopathy), 53% (n=10/19) demonstrated evidence of a favorable (inverse) association between physical activity and retinopathy, 42% (n=8/19) reported a null association physical activity and retinopathy, and 5% (n=1/19) presented evidence for a detrimental association between physical activity and retinopathy...
November 20, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125384/is-it-necessary-to-perform-prehabilitation-exercise-for-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Huifen Chen, Suyun Li, Tingyu Ruan, Li Liu, Li Fang
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to test whether it is necessary to perform prehabilitation exercise for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Literatures were identified from Pubmed, Clinicaltrials, Cochrane library, and SpringerLink. All studies that compared a prehabilitation exercise group with control group before TKA were included. The primary outcome was length of hospital stay. Secondary outcomes were quadriceps strength and functional ability in short term (1...
November 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125382/intra-sheath-versus-extra-sheath-ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-for-trigger-finger-a-triple-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Mohsen Mardani-Kivi, Mahmoud Karimi-Mobarakeh, Ali Babaei Jandaghi, Sohrab Keyhani, Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari, Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare clinical results of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection, intra-sheath versus extra-sheath of the finger flexor tendon. METHODS: A total of 166 patients with trigger finger were evaluated in a triple blind randomized clinical trial study. All the patients were injected with 1ml of 40mg/ml methyl prednisolone acetate, under the guidance of ultrasound. Half the patients were injected extra sheath, while the other half were injected intra sheath at the level of first annular pulley...
November 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113535/effects-of-erythropoietin-abuse-on-exercise-performance
#4
Paolo Sgrò, Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi
The present review provides a comprehensive overview on the erythropoietic and non-erythropoietic effects of rHuEpo on human sport performance, paying attention to quantifying numerically how rHuEpo affects exercise performance and describing physiological changes regarding the most important exercise variables. Much attention has been paid to treatment schedules, in particular, to assess the effects of microdoses of rHuEpo and the prolonged effects on sport performance following withdrawal. Moreover, the review takes into account non-erythropoietic ergogenic effects of rHuEpo, including cognitive benefits of rHuEpo...
November 8, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111867/-memorcise-implications-for-patient-compliance-and-medication-adherence
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Eveleen Sng, Emily Frith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108447/from-which-level-of-competition-in-clubs-are-adolescents-at-greater-risk-of-injury-compared-with-outside-of-clubs-athletes-a-school-based-study
#6
Maxime Luiggi, Victoria Rindler, Jean Griffet
OBJECTIVES: Sport practice is a key factor in a person's physical and mental health but, for adolescent athletes, some injuries lead to health problems in the long term. The literature provides multiple factors for understanding injury but does not give information about injury risk related to each level of play in a large sample of multisport athletes. This study investigates this relationship in 14- to 19-year-old adolescents. METHODS: The survey on adolescents and health was conducted in classrooms of France, from February to March 2015...
November 7, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971713/the-effectiveness-of-structured-exercise-in-the-south-asian-population-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#7
Hani Albalawi, Elaine Coulter, Nazim Ghouri, Lorna Paul
The impact of exercise interventions on south Asians with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), who have a higher T2DM incidence rate compared to other ethnic groups, is inconclusive. This study aimed to systematically review the effect of exercise interventions in south Asians with T2DM. Five electronic databases were searched up to April 2017 for controlled trials investigating the impact of exercise interventions on south Asian adults with T2DM. The PEDro scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Eighteen trials examining the effect of aerobic, resistance, balance or combined exercise programs met the eligibility criteria...
October 13, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974126/identifiable-risk-factors-for-thirty-day-complications-following-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#8
Jessica H Heyer, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Rajeev Pandarinath
OBJECTIVES: Shoulder arthroscopy has increased in frequency over the past decade, with rotator cuff repair comprising the majority of cases performed. Prior studies have detailed risk factors for 30-day complications and readmission rates after arthroscopic shoulder surgery using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, but no study has specifically looked at arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the risk factors for 30-day complications following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using the NSQIP database...
October 11, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994332/ultrasonography-findings-and-physical-examination-outcomes-in-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#9
Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. METHODS: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8±0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees...
October 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952405/the-mental-wellbeing-of-current-and-retired-professional-cricketers-an-observational-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Nannet Schuring, Gino Kerkhoffs, Janine Gray, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in professional cricket is non-existent. Consequently, the aims of the study were to determine the prevalence and the 6 months incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD: distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use) among current and former professional cricketers and to explore the association of potential stressors (significant injury, surgery, adverse life events, career dissatisfaction) and CMD...
October 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952838/promoting-players-safety-and-welfare-through-the-sharing-of-scientific-knowledge-with-sports-agents-the-new-reality-of-portuguese-rugby-sevens
#11
Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Luis Taborda-Barata, Luiz Miguel Santiago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952406/lifetime-prevalence-of-injuries-in-incoming-division-i-collegiate-football-players
#12
Nikolas Sarac, William Haynes, Angela Pedroza, Christopher Kaeding, James Borchers
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine the lifetime prevalence of past injuries in incoming first year football players in a Division 1 college football team. METHODS: Pre-participation questionnaires from 605 first-year football players over 20 years (1996-2015) were examined to determine the prevalence of concussions, stingers, fractures, and musculoskeletal surgeries sustained before playing at the collegiate level. Players were grouped by position: wide receiver and defensive back (WR/DB), offensive and defensive linemen (OL/DL), all other positions (OP), and unknown (UKN)...
October 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914104/influence-of-previous-body-mass-index-and-sex-on-regional-fat-changes-in-a-weight-loss-intervention
#13
Pedro J Benito, Rocio Cupeiro, Ana B Peinado, Miguel A Rojo, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVES: Men and women may lose weight in a different fashion. This study compares the changes in different anatomical regions after a well-controlled weight loss program by sex and initial BMI. METHODS: A total of 180 subjects (48 overweight women, 36 overweight men, and 48 obese women and 48 obese men) were recruited to participate in a 22-week weight loss programme (diet + exercise). RESULTS: Regarding percentage body weight change from baseline, there was no triple interaction (BMI, sex and anatomical region), but there was interaction between BMI and anatomical region (F2,840 = 34...
October 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926295/efficacy-and-safety-assessment-of-acute-sports-related-traumatic-soft-tissue-injuries-using-a-new-ibuprofen-medicated-plaster-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Hans-Georg Predel, Mark P Connolly, Aomesh Bhatt, Bruno Giannetti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a recently developed ibuprofen medicated plaster in the treatment of acute sports impact injuries/contusions. METHODS: In this double-blind, multi-center, placebo-controlled, parallel group, phase 3 study (EudraCT Number: 2012-003257-2) patients (n = 132; ages 18 to 60 years) diagnosed with acute sports-related traumatic blunt soft tissue injury/contusion to the upper or lower limbs were randomized to receive either ibuprofen 200 mg plaster (n = 64) or placebo plaster (n = 68)...
September 25, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885093/heart-rate-recovery-time-in-metabolically-healthy-and-metabolically-unhealthy-obese-children
#15
Ljiljana Bjelakovic, Vladimir Vukovic, Marko Jovic, Sanja Bankovic, Tomislav Kostic, Dragan Radovanovic, Sasa Pantelic, Mladen Zivkovic, Sanja Stojanovic, Bojko Bjelakovic
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction is an emerging non-traditional cardiovascular risk factor that correlates with obesity, components of metabolic syndrome, as well as cardiorespiratory fitness. As a simple and validated index of autonomic balance, heart rate recovery (HRR) has been reported as a useful biomarker for predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare HRR in metabolically healthy vs. metabolically unhealthy obese children...
September 13, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870119/a-history-of-concussions-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-former-male-professional-athletes-across-a-range-of-sports
#16
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Michael Lambert, William Stewart, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union)...
September 13, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862069/patient-related-risk-factors-for-requiring-surgical-intervention-following-a-failed-injection-for-the-treatment-of-medial-and-lateral-epicondylitis
#17
Ryan M Degen, Jourdan M Cancienne, Christopher L Camp, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines, Brian C Werner
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for failure of a therapeutic injection leading to operative management of both medial and lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: A national database was used to query Medicare Standard Analytic Files from 2005-2012 for patients treated with therapeutic injections for medial or lateral epicondylitis using CPT codes for injections associated with corresponding ICD-9 diagnostic codes (726.31 and 726.32, respectively). Those who subsequently underwent surgical treatment following injection were identified...
September 8, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829198/injuries-in-taekwando-systematic-review
#18
Roger E Thomas, Bennett C Thomas, Marcus M Vaska
OBJECTIVES: Assess rates/1000athletic encounters(AE) in Taekwondo of injuries/age/gender/type/location. METHODS: Searches in 17 electronic, 7 grey-literature databases. Two researchers independently assessed Abstracts/titles and abstracted data. Risk-of-bias assessed with Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Rates/1000AE computed, weighted by study sizes. RESULTS: Eighteen studies included 3 Olympic, 4 world, 1 European, 13 national, 10 provincial and one national school competition...
September 8, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845723/pelvic-floor-muscle-function-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-female-athlete
#19
Ellen K Casey, Kate Temme
Urinary incontinence, defined as involuntary leakage of urine, is often considered a disorder of post-partum and post-menopausal women. However, this disorder is not exclusive to older women, as recent research has demonstrated a high prevalence of urinary incontinence among young, nulliparous female athletes. In fact, females participating in repetitive, high-impact sports are at the highest risk for urinary incontinence. In these athletes, the absence of sufficient pelvic floor strength and coordination to withstand sport related increases in intra-abdominal pressure results in physical activity related urinary incontinence, and may be a predictor of urinary incontinence in later adulthood...
September 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838286/self-reported-history-of-seizure-and-baseline-neurocognitive-test-performance-in-student-athletes-an-initial-investigation
#20
Brian H Zalneraitis, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Alec J Pawlukiewicz, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVES: Baseline neurocognitive assessment data can be critical in return to play (RTP) decision-making following a sport-related concussion (SRC). The literature indicates that many modifying factors of SRC have been studied empirically; however, there has been little investigation into the effect of a self-reported history of seizure(s) on baseline neurocognitive test data. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether a self-reported history of seizure(s) is associated with differences in baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) performance...
September 1, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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