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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420300/epinephrine-induced-pulmonary-edema-during-hip-arthroscopy-a-report-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Nicole S Belkin, Ryan M Degen, Gregory A Liguori, Bryan T Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Hip arthroscopy utilization has significantly increased in recent years. While it is a relatively safe procedure, it is not without risk. Life-threatening complications, albeit rare, can potentially occur and must be appropriately recognized and treated. We describe 2 cases in which patients' undergoing hip arthroscopy developed pulmonary edema and their respective courses of treatment. METHODS: Both patients were being treated for symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), with labral tears, requiring operative management after a failed trial of conservative management...
April 26, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425824/isolated-acl-versus-multiple-knee-ligament-injury-associations-with-patient-characteristics-cartilage-status-and-meniscal-tears-identified-during-acl-reconstruction
#2
Ronald W B Wyatt, Maria C S Inacio, Kate D Bellevue, Alan L Schepps, Gregory B Maletis
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine (1) if patients undergoing reconstruction of an isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear had different characteristics (age, gender, body mass index [BMI]) than patients undergoing ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with multiple knee ligament (MKL) tears and (2) whether there was a difference in prevalence of articular cartilage injury and meniscus tears between these two groups. METHODS: Patients undergoing primary ACLR between February 2005 and September 2013 were identified through an ACLR registry...
April 20, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423974/competitive-bass-anglers-a-new-concern-in-sports-medicine
#3
Connor R Read, Shawna L Watson, Jorge L Perez, A Reed Estes
OBJECTIVE: Competitive bass angling involves sport fishing against other anglers while targeting a species of fish known as the black basses. Due to the rapidly growing popularity of high school competitive bass angling in Alabama and the nature of the casting motion similar to that of overhead athletes, we sought to examine the prevalence of sports type injuries in this population. METHODS: In spring 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed across two large scale competitive high school fishing tournaments, allowing for a broad sampling of anglers throughout the state of Alabama...
April 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351225/specialization-patterns-across-various-youth-sports-and-relationship-to-injury-risk
#4
Jacqueline Pasulka, Neeru Jayanthi, Ashley McCann, Lara R Dugas, Cynthia LaBella
OBJECTIVES: Current trends among young athletes towards earlier specialization age and year-round training on multiple teams has raised concern for increased injury risk. Our previous analyses showed higher risk for injury in highly specialized young athletes. The goal of this research was to determine whether sports specialization and injury patterns vary by sports type. METHODS: In this clinical case-control study, injured athletes (aged 7-18 years) were recruited from sports medicine clinics and compared to similarly aged uninjured athletes recruited from primary care clinics...
March 29, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398831/erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335687/isolated-hagl-lesion-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-in-a-professional-soccer-player
#6
Haluk Celik, Mustafa Faik Seckin, Adnan Kara, Senol Akman
Post-traumatic anterior shoulder instability commonly occurs following an avulsion of capsulolabral complex from glenoid (Bankart lesion) or rarely after humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligaments (HAGL lesion). Arthroscopic Bankart repair offers high success rates of healing. However, trauma following the treatment may cause implant failure or re-avulsion of the treated tissue. We aim to present the diagnosis and treatment of an isolated HAGL lesion in a professional soccer player who had previously undergone arthroscopic Bankart repair...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330420/arthroplasty-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-14-year-trends-in-the-united-states
#7
William W Schairer, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Stephen Lyman, Lawrence V Gulotta
OBJECTIVES: Proximal humerus fractures are a common injury in the elderly population that can usually be managed non-operatively. However, arthroplasty has become increasingly utilized for complex fractures and poor bone quality. We evaluated national trends in treatment, specifically looking at the adoption of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: The incidence of proximal humerus fractures was calculated from the Nationwide Emergency Department Database (NEDD) from 2006 to 2012...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294705/number-of-knee-and-ankle-injuries-is-associated-with-poor-physical-but-not-mental-health
#8
Casey M Bruce, Phillip A Gribble, Michael J Turner, Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Janet E Simon, Abbey C Thomas
The knee and ankle are among the most commonly injured joints in the body. Long-term strength and neuromuscular control deficits are common following these injuries, yielding lifelong disability and poor quality of life. However, it is unknown how the number of injuries sustained influences quality of life. OBJECTIVES: Determine the association between the number of ankle or knee injuries sustained and physical and mental quality of life. METHODS: A total of 806 ankle-injured (age:45...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294692/lower-extremity-isokinetic-strength-ratios-of-elite-springboard-and-platform-diving-athletes
#9
Amilton Vieira, Savio Alex, André Martorelli, Lee E Brown, Ricardo Moreira, Martim Bottaro
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine knee extensor and flexor muscle strength ratios of an elite group of diving athletes. METHODS: Sixteen divers (10 females and 6 males) from the Brazil national team were assessed for lower-body strength. They had participated in international competitions such as the 2016 Olympic Games and 2015 Pan American Games. The dynamic concentric torque of their knee flexor and extensor muscles were evaluated using a Biodex isokinetic dynamometer...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287328/prognostic-potential-of-body-composition-indices-in-detecting-risk-of-musculoskeletal-injury-in-army-officer-cadet-profiles
#10
Konstantinos Havenetidis, Thrasivoulos Paxinos, Dionysios Kardaris, Athanassios Bissas
OBJECTIVES: High values in most of the body composition indices have been related to musculoskeletal injuries, but limited data exists on the accuracy of these diagnoses when detecting musculoskeletal injuries in military populations. METHODS: The suitability of body fat percentage, body mass index, fat mass index and fat free mass index to identify injury risk was examined in a group of army officer recruits. All body composition diagnoses were measured in 268 male army officer recruits prior to the commencement of basic combat training...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287034/exploration-of-us-men-s-professional-sport-organization-concussion-policies
#11
Graham Dean Cochrane, Matthew Owen, Joseph D Ackerson, Matthew H Hale, Sara Gould
Concussion policies are increasingly being developed and adopted among professional sports organizations. We sought to compare the policies of the National Hockey League (NHL), the National Basketball Association (NBA), the National Football League (NFL), and Major League Baseball (MLB). Our objective was to summarize each policy and evaluate the extent to which each policy is organization-specific and/or consistent with medical guidelines. We visited websites for the NHL, NBA, NFL, and MLB. We searched media articles reporting concussion policy...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287016/acute-hand-injuries-in-athletes
#12
Yoseph A Rosenbaum, Hisham M Awan
Hand and wrist injuries in athletes are common, representing between 3 and 25% of all sports injuries. As many as a quarter of all sports injuries involve the hand or wrist. We review the recent literature regarding acute hand injuries in athletes based on the structures involved - bone, muscle/tendon, ligament, and neurovascular - including diagnosis and pathophysiology of these injuries, focusing on athlete-specific facets of treatment, and when available, opinions on return to play.
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277893/risk-factors-for-shoulder-and-elbow-pain-in-youth-baseball-players
#13
Tetsuya Matsuura, Toshiyuki Iwame, Naoto Suzue, Kokichi Arisawa, Koichi Sairyo
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to quantify the 1-year cumulative incidence of shoulder and elbow pain among youth baseball players and identify risk factors associated with the occurrence of shoulder and elbow pain. METHODS: In total, 900 youth baseball players (aged 7-11 years) were enrolled in a 1-year prospective follow-up study. One year later, the players were asked whether they had experienced episodes of shoulder or elbow pain and the following risk factors for such pain were investigated: age, position, length of baseball experience, training hours per week, and history of shoulder or elbow pain...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276992/a-minimally-invasive-approach-for-cubital-tunnel-release-and-ulnar-nerve-transposition
#14
Xu Zhang, Vikas Dhawan, Yadong Yu, Guisheng Zhang, Xinzhong Shao
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to introduce a new minimally invasive technique for ulnar nerve release and transposition. METHODS: From January 2010 to May 2011, 51 patients with cubital tunnel syndrome were treated through a 1.5 to 2 cm incision. Limb functional recovery, scar esthetics, sensitivity of scar, numbness of the operating area, and patient satisfaction were assessed. RESULTS: No wound hematoma nor infection was observed in the group...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276991/evaluation-of-common-elbow-pathologies-a-focus-on-physical-examination
#15
Joseph Laratta, Jon-Michael Caldwell, Joseph Lombardi, William Levine, Christopher Ahmad
Elbow tendinopathy accounts for the majority of elbow pathology in patients presenting to upper extremity and sports medicine surgeons. With increased participation in overhead sports in an aging population, the incidence of elbow injuries has risen. A comprehensive knowledge of elbow anatomy and biomechanical function of the elbow complex is prerequisite in the assessment of patients with elbow injuries; however, a thorough understanding of alternative and confounding pathologies is essential for accurate diagnosis...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276990/how-are-we-measuring-clinically-important-outcome-for-operative-treatments-in-sports-medicine
#16
Benedict U Nwachukwu, R Scott Runyon, Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Elizabeth B Gausden, William W Schairer, Answorth A Allen
OBJECTIVES: Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and other measures of minimum clinical importance are increasingly recognized as important clinical considerations for evaluating the efficacy of an intervention. As our interpretation of clinical outcome evolves beyond statistical significance, psychometric properties such as MCID will be increasingly important to various stakeholders in the orthopaedic community. The purpose of this study was to: 1) describe the state of clinically important outcome reporting and 2) describe the methods used to derive these psychometric values for sports medicine patients undergoing operative treatments...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276989/primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-perioperative-considerations-and-complications
#17
Vidushan Nadarajah, Ryan Roach, Abhishek Ganta, Michael J Alaia, Mehul R Shah
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are among the most commonly studied orthopaedic injuries. Despite having an excellent prognosis, complications do occur. The timely recognition and management of complications is imperative to ensure the success of reconstruction. Avoiding such complications requires thorough preoperative planning, proficient technical skills to properly manage intraoperative complications, and an extensive knowledge of possible postoperative complications.
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276988/are-professional-handball-players-at-risk-for-developing-a-glenohumeral-internal-rotation-deficit-in-their-dominant-arm
#18
Pedro Seabra, Carola F Van Eck, Márcia Sá, João Torres
OBJECTIVES: Overhead athletes, such as baseball players, have been shown to have adaptive changes in the shoulder range of motion (ROM) of their dominant arm. Professional handball players are a unique subtype of overhead athletes with very different demands from baseball players. The aim of this study was to determine if professional handball players demonstrate differences in shoulder ROM between their dominant and non-dominant arm and try to relate them with new variables. METHODS: Fifty professional male handball players were included and completed a questionnaire regarding age at which they started to play, number of hours they practice a week, field position and arm dominance...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276987/the-use-of-continuous-vs-intermittent-cold-water-immersion-as-a-recovery-method-in-basketball-players-after-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Braulio Sánchez-Ureña, Ismael Martínez-Guardado, Carmen Crespo, Rafael Timón, Julio Calleja-González, Sergio J Ibañez, Guillermo Olcina
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to compare two cold water immersion protocols, continuous or intermittent, on recovery in basketball players. METHODS: Ten male basketball players (age: 14 ± 0.4 years, body mass: 65.4 ± 9.1 kg, height: 175 ± 7.3 cm, body fat %: 10.3 ± 4) were included in the study. After three 90-minute training sessions (avg. heart rate 158 ± 11.92, 156 ± 7.06 and 151 ± 10.44 bpm), participants were grouped into a continuous immersion (12 min at 12 ± 0...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276986/platelet-rich-plasma-versus-steroid-on-lateral-epicondylitis-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#20
Bobin Mi, Guohui Liu, Wu Zhou, Huijuan Lv, Yi Liu, Qipeng Wu, Jing Liu
OBJECTIVES: Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is a common tendinopathy for which an effective treatment is still unknown. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) vs steroid in reducing pain and improving function of the elbow in the treatment of LE. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify related articles published from January 1980 to September 2016 in Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and SpringerLink...
May 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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