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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333913/boxing-fatalities-in-relation-to-rule-changes-in-japan-secondary-data-analysis
#1
Masaru Teramoto, Chad L Cross, Daniel M Cushman, Stuart E Willick
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether changing weigh-in from the same day of the match to the day before the match and prohibiting 6-oz gloves are associated with fatalities in boxing matches sanctioned by the Japan Boxing Commission (JBC). METHODS: We analyzed the rates of boxing fatalities before and after the two rule changes above via secondary analysis of data. Demographics and boxing records of deceased boxers were examined using descriptive statistics, exact binomial test the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test and Fisher's exact tests...
January 15, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322858/epidemiology-of-mental-health-conditions-in-incoming-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#2
Nikolas Sarac, Benjamin Sarac, Angela Pedroza, James Borchers
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the epidemiology of mental health conditions in incoming American Division I collegiate athletes. METHODS: Pre-participation physical questionnaires from 1118 incoming student athletes at a Division I Institution were collected retrospectively from 2011-2017. Data collected included lifetime history of any mental health condition, musculoskeletal injuries, concussions, and post-concussion depression. History of any mental health condition was evaluated by gender and sport played...
January 11, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320309/isocapnic-buffering-phase-a-useful-indicator-of-exercise-endurance-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Yun-Shan Yen, Daniel Chiung Jui Su, Kuo-Shu Yuan, Po-Wei Chen, Julie Chi Chow, Willy Chou
OBJECTIVES: The significance of the isocapnic buffering (IB) phase - the period between the first ventilatory threshold (1stVT) and respiratory compensation point (RCP) - has not been adequately established in patients. This study aimed to determine the clinical significance of the IB phase in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included data of sixty-two CAD patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed in a single medical center between 2010-2014...
January 10, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307256/patients-views-toward-knee-osteoarthritis-exercise-therapy-and-factors-influencing-adherence-a-survey-in-china
#4
Zhiwei Zhou, Yunfei Hou, Jianhao Lin, Kai Wang, Qiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To understand the views toward exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in China and to analyze factors affecting treatment adherence. METHODS: A survey-based study, which included multiple choice and open-ended questions on knee OA exercise therapy was conducted in a Chinese population. The content included the respondents' attitudes and beliefs, willingness to receive treatment, and reasons why they could or could not adhere to the treatment. We used Chi-squared tests to compare cognitive differences between the patients and non-patient groups...
January 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304721/epidemiology-of-shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-wrestlers-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#5
Avi D Goodman, John Twomey-Kozak, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: Examination of the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in the collegiate wrestling population is limited. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers competing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and investigate the risk factors involved. METHODS: All shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database were extracted...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303400/the-sequence-of-prevention-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-recreational-basketballers-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#6
Özgür Kilic, Vivian van Os, Ellen Kemler, Maarten Barendrecht, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (basketball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of basketball injuries. This study aimed to gather systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures for musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players. METHODS: Highly sensitive search strategies were built based on three groups of keywords (and related search terms)...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301454/association-between-coping-skills-past-injury-and-hip-pain-and-function-in-adolescent-elite-female-ballet-dancers
#7
Jessica Biernacki, Andrea Stracciolini, Kelsey Griffith, Pierre d'Hemecourt, Michael Owen, Dai Sugimoto
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between coping skills and current hip pain and function scores in ballet dancers. Secondly, we examined the relationship between coping skills and past injuries. Thirdly, we investigated the association between past injuries and current pain and function scores. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Twenty-six young elite female dancers (mean age 15.9 years, range 14-17 years) participated...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286882/acute-effects-of-static-stretching-on-passive-stiffness-and-postural-balance-in-healthy-elderly-men
#8
Ty B Palmer, Chinonye C Agu-Udemba, Bailey M Palmer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the acute effects of straight-leg raise (SLR) static stretching on passive stiffness and postural balance in healthy, elderly men. An additional aim of this study was to examine the relationships between stiffness and balance at baseline (prior to stretching) and the relationships between the stretch-induced changes in these variables. METHODS: Eleven elderly men (age = 69 ± 6 years; height = 177 ± 7 cm; mass = 83 ± 13 kg) underwent postural balance and passive stiffness assessments before and after: 1) a stretching treatment consisting of four, 15-s SLR static stretches performed by the primary investigator and 2) a control treatment consisting of no static stretching...
December 30, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280684/sport-related-concussive-convulsions-a-systematic-review
#9
Nicholas O Kuhl, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Hannah Burnette, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) continues to rise. Presentations of concussed athletes vary from subtle symptoms to notable signs. Between the 4th and 5th iterations of the Concussion in Sport Group (CISG) guidelines, concussive convulsions were removed as a modifying factor, but little evidence or discussion supported this change. While considerable research exists regarding post-traumatic epilepsy in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, convulsions following SRC are relatively understudied...
December 27, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287491/acute-pulmonary-embolism-after-arthroscopic-glenoid-labral-repair-and-subacromial-decompression-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Michelle Yagnatovsky, Amos Z Dai, Michael Zacchilli, Laith M Jazrawi
A 29-year-old female with a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on combined oral contraceptives presents with an acute, CT confirmed pulmonary embolus of the right lower lobe one week following arthroscopic labral repair of the right shoulder. The patient's risk factors including obesity, oral contraceptive use, PCOS, and surgical positioning are discussed.
December 21, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287523/knee-isokinetic-performance-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-patellar-tendon-versus-hamstrings-graft
#11
Felipe Machado, Pedro Debieux, Camila Cohen Kaleka, Diego Astur, Maria Stella Peccin, Moisés Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To compare knee isokinetic performance six months after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using grafts from either the patellar tendon or the hamstrings among patients who underwent the same rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were evaluated (17 with grafts from the patellar tendon and 17 with grafts from the hamstrings). Operated and non-operated knees were compared with regards to the variables of peak torque, work and the hamstring/quadriceps relationship at velocities of 60º/s and 180º/s and power of 180º/s after six months of surgery...
December 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278058/portal-venous-thrombosis-in-a-backpacker
#12
Mark Walsh, James Moriarity, Janice Peterson, George Friend, Rochelle Chodock, Michael Rogan
In brief Effort thrombosis usually afflicts an extremity and is caused by compression. This case report, in contrast, involves superior mesenteric and left portal vein septic thrombosis in a backpacker following prolonged hiking and abdominal straining. The condition may have been caused by localized splanchnic venous ischemia, erosion of the bowel-blood barrier, and release of bacterial endotoxin in this dehydrated and detrained athlete. Diagnosis of this disorder is aided by noting characteristic abdominal pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting, as well as by imaging with MRI, CT, or duplex ultrasonography...
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278057/when-anxiety-attacks
#13
Aaron Rubin, C Mark Chassay, Warren B Howe
In brief The athlete who panics or hyperventilates requires immediate stabilization and assessment to rule out more serious diagnoses. Repeated attacks may indicate panic disorder, which can be treated effectively with a combination of psychological and pharmacologic therapy. Drug options include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278056/heart-attack-counterattack
#14
Barry A Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278055/pearls
#15
Russell D White, Michael R Papciak, Tom Seabourne, Gregory J Renfro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278054/sports-bras-and-briefs
#16
Bryant Stamford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278052/cme-self-test
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278051/controlling-herpes
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278050/finding-fun-in-winter-workouts
#19
Richard H Strauss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278049/detecting-graves-disease
#20
David H Wang, Scott M Koehler, Cary N Mariash
In brief Graves' disease has a multitude of presentations, and certain symptoms can mimic sports-related concerns such as overtraining. A review of three cases of Graves' disease in young athletes illustrates the spectrum of symptoms and the pathophysiology. Diagnosis involves a detailed patient history, physical exam, and appropriate lab studies, including a thyroid radioactive iodine uptake scan. Treatment consists of symptom management and antithyroid medication, radioactive iodine thyroid ablation, or, rarely, thyroidectomy...
December 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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