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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30449247/association-of-physical-activity-on-the-functional-connectivity-of-the-hippocampal-orbitofrontal-pathway
#1
Toshikazu Ikuta, Emily Frith, Pamela Ponce, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between physical activity and hippocampal-orbitofrontal functional connectivity. METHODS: Data from the Nathan Kline Institute-Rockland Sample (NKI-RS) was utilized, which consisted of 366 participants (Mage = 43 yrs; 63% female). Physical activity was self-reported using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Hippocampal-orbitofrontal functional connectivity was assessed from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 17, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30427252/platelet-rich-plasma-compared-to-dry-needling-in-the-treatment-of-non-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy
#2
Michele Abate, Luigi di Carlo, Vincenzo Salini
OBJECTIVES: The efficacy of platelet rich plasma in the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy is controversial. Despite positive results observed in open studies, randomized controlled trials failed to show difference against saline or rehabilitation. Aims of this retrospective observational study were to compare the efficacy of platelet rich plasma and dry needling and to assess possible differences age and sex-related. METHODS: Groups of 46 and 38 patients with non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy were treated with platelet rich plasma and dry needling (once a week for 3 weeks), respectively...
November 14, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30424710/patient-understanding-expectations-outcomes-and-satisfaction-regarding-surgical-management-of-shoulder-instability
#3
Jeffrey D Trojan, Steven F DeFroda, Mary K Mulcahey
Shoulder instability is a common condition encountered by sports medicine and shoulder surgeons. Management can be challenging, both with regards to the underlying pathology and the high expectations associated with the very active patient population that this condition typically affects. High-performance athletes who are used to performing at activity levels which typically challenge the normal physiologic limits of the glenohumeral joint may be particularly difficult to treat. As physicians increasingly evaluate patient reported outcomes, a growing body of literature has emerged related to patient expectations for a variety of orthopaedic conditions, including shoulder instability...
November 14, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417727/changes-in-knee-extensor-strengths-before-and-after-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Takehiko Matsushita, Daisuke Araki, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Takahiro Niikura, Ryosuke Kuroda
OBJECTIVE: Quadriceps dysfunction has been suggested as a complication after medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in knee extensor strength before and after MPFL reconstruction. METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent MPFL reconstruction for unilateral recurrent patellar dislocation (18 females and 2 males; mean age 20.8 ± 7.6 years) were examined. The peak isometric torque at 60° and 90° of knee flexion and isokinetic knee extensor strength at speeds of 60°/s and 90°/s in operated and non-operated legs were measured using a dynamometer preoperatively and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years postoperatively...
November 10, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412458/association-between-physical-activity-on-changes-in-cognitive-function-boston-puerto-rican-health-study
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Tammy Scott, Toshikazu Ikuta, Ovuokerie Addoh, Katherine L Tucker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between habitual physical activity engagement and changes in cognitive function among Puerto Rican adults. METHODS: Longitudinal data (2-year follow-up) from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study were analyzed (m=862; mean age=56.5 y). A daily energy expenditure score was calculated using the number of hours over a 24-hr period engaged in various activities, including sleeping, light activity, and moderate to vigorous exercise...
November 9, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408429/musculoskeletal-and-head-injuries-in-the-ultimate-fighting-championship-ufc
#6
Mohamad Y Fares, Jawad Fares, Youssef Fares, Joseph A Abboud
OBJECTIVES: Mixed Martial Arts(MMA) has witnessed a surge in popularity worldwide. This study explores the musculoskeletal and head injuries sustained in the professional fights of the Ultimate Fighting Championship(UFC), and establishes associations between injury profiles and impactful contributory factors. METHODS: The Nevada State Athletic Commission database was screened for ringside physician reports of UFC fights between January 2016 and July 2018. Information on the fighter's gender, weight, injury, way of finish and match result were collected...
November 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408426/modifications-of-the-dmax-method-in-comparison-to-the-maximal-lactate-steady-state-in-young-male-athletes
#7
Lukas Zwingmann, Sarah Strütt, Agnès Martin, Prisca Volmary, Wilhelm Bloch, Patrick Wahl
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of different approaches for first-rise determination on the accuracy of Dmax as an estimate of the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). METHODS: Seventeen male cyclists and 18 male runners with different levels of endurance performance completed graded exercise tests either on a cycle ergometer or treadmill to determine Dmax, calculated by the final data point and five modifications of the first rise in blood lactate concentration...
November 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408425/oral-health-among-dutch-elite-athletes-prior-to-rio-2016
#8
Lea Kragt, Maarten H Moen, Cees-Rein van den Hoogenband, Eppo B Wolvius
Objectives Elite athletes are at high risk for poor oral health. A screening program to assess oral health and create dental awareness can improve oral health among elite athletes but has not been performed in the Netherlands before. We summarize the first results from such a screening conducted in Dutch elite athletes of the Nederlands Olympisch Committee*Nederlandse Sport Federatie (NOC*NSF, Dutch Olympic Committee). Methods In this cross-sectional study, 800 Dutch athletes eligible for the Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro 2016 were invited to a costless and voluntary oral examination...
November 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408421/a-randomized-comparison-of-bone-cement-k-wire-fixation-vs-plate-fixation-of-shaft-fractures-of-proximal-phalanges
#9
Xu Zhang, Yadong Yu, Xinzhong Shao, Vikas Dhawan, Wei Du
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03031015) is to compare the treatments of hand proximal phalanx shaft fractures with external-fixation technique using the combination of K-wires and bone-cement vs. open reduction and internal fixation technique using a miniature plate-and-screw system. METHODS: A total of 107 patients (134 cases) were randomly allocated to group A (67 cases in 56 patients) and B (64 cases in 51 patients). Fingers in group A were treated with bone-cement K-wire fixation, and fingers in group B were treated using a plate-and-screw system...
November 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403911/association-between-training-volume-and-lower-extremity-overuse-injuries-in-young-female-athletes-implications-for-early-sports-specialization
#10
Dai Sugimoto, Sarah S Jackson, David R Howell, William P Meehan, Andrea Stracciolini
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicated greater risk of overuse injuries among young female athletes than their male counterparts. However, few studies have focused on female athletes and the effect of single sport participation on lower extremity overuse injuries. OBJECTIVE: To identify an independent risk variable for lower extremity overuse injuries based on status of sport participations (single- and multi-sports) in young female athletes. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 12-18 years old female athletes were asked to complete electronic questionnaires describing their current sport participation and previous injury history...
November 7, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403902/a-literature-review-of-immersion-pulmonary-edema
#11
Manish Kumar, Paul D Thompson
IMPORTANCE: Immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) is a rare but important complication associated with surface swimming and underwater diving. It tends to reoccur and can be fatal. It is not very well-known to clinicians involved in the care of individuals participating in aquatic activities. We performed a systematic review of immersion pulmonary edema to describe the condition and provide guidelines for its management. EVIDENCE REVIEW: We searched PubMed to identify case reports and studies using the MeSH terms "immersion," "pulmonary edema," "cold-induced," "exercise," "hemodynamics," "water immersion,'' "cardiovascular response," alone and in combinations...
November 7, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392428/an-11-year-analysis-of-peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-high-school-sports
#12
Scott L Zuckerman, Zachary Y Kerr, Lauren Pierpoint, Paul Kirby, Khoi D Than, Thomas J Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Sports surveillance databases provide valuable information regarding common ailments, yet fewer studies have focused on more rare peripheral nerve injuries. Our objective was to characterize peripheral nerve injuries in high school athletics with respect to incidence, time loss, mechanism, and diagnoses. METHODS: Sport-related nerve injury data on high school athletes were collected during the 2005/2006 through 2015/2016 academic years via the High School Reporting Information Online (RIO) database...
November 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30388028/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-is-it-necessary-to-perform-prehabilitation-exercise-for-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Thomas Bandholm, Rasmus Skov Husted, Thomas Linding Jakobsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372657/the-use-of-an-intensive-physical-exertion-test-as-a-final-return-to-play-measure-in-concussed-athletes-a-prospective-cohort
#14
Cameron M Marshall, Nicole Chan, Pauline Tran, Carol DeMatteo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the utility of a novel physical exertion test developed by the Chicago Blackhawks medical staff as a final return to play (RTP) clearance test in youth and young adult athletes, and to determine the relationship between participant and test variables on RTP within asymptomatic athletes diagnosed with concussion. METHODS: Once asymptomatic and following completion of all RTP steps, concussed athletes underwent the Gapski-Goodman Test (GGT) or modified GGT (mGGT) at partnered Complete Concussion Management Inc...
October 29, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369286/evidence-based-post-exercise-recovery-strategies-in-rugby-a-narrative-review
#15
Julio Calleja-González, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Sergej M Ostojic, Margaret T Jones, Diego Marques-Jiménez, Toni Caparros, Nicolas Terrados
In the sport of rugby, athletes need a multitude of sport-specific skills along with endurance, power, and speed to optimize performance. Further, it is not unusual for athletes to play several competitive matches with insufficient recovery time. Rugby requires repeated bouts of high-intensity actions intermixed with brief periods of low-to-moderate active recovery or passive rest. Specifically, a match is characterized by repeated explosive activities, such as jumps, shuffles, and rapid changes of direction...
October 27, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347173/isokinetic-flexion-strength-recovery-after-acl-reconstruction-a-comparison-between-all-inside-graft-link-technique-and-full-tibial-tunnel-technique
#16
Edoardo Monaco, Andrea Redler, Mattia Fabbri, Lorenzo Proietti, Edoardo Gaj, Matthew Daggett, Andrea Ferretti
INTRODUCTION: Recently, a new minimally invasive single bundle technique for anatomic ACL reconstruction has been described, called the 'All-Inside graft-link technique'. One of the advantages of this procedure is the reduced morbidity at the donor site as the graft choice is the quadrupled semitendinosus, thus sparing the gracilis tendon. The aim of this study was to evaluate isokinetic flexion strength recovery in patients who underwent a gracilis sparing technique compared to those with a full-tibial tunnel technique using a doubled gracilis and semitendinosus tendons (DGST) graft...
October 22, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345867/exercise-induced-leg-pain-in-athletes-diagnostic-assessment-and-management-strategies
#17
Heinz Lohrer, Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Vasileios Korakakis, Nat Padhiar
The purpose of this review is to describe and critically evaluate current knowledge regarding diagnosis, assessment, and management of chronic overload leg injuries which are often non-specific and misleadingly referred to as 'shin splints'. We aimed to review clinical entities that come under the umbrella term 'Exercise-induced leg pain' (EILP) based on current literature and systematically searched the literature. Specifically, systematic reviews were included. Our analyses demonstrated that current knowledge on EILP is based on a low level of evidence...
October 22, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334642/assessing-trunk-flexo-extension-during-sit-to-stand-test-variant-in-male-and-female-healthy-subjects-through-inertial-sensors
#18
Cristina Roldán-Jiménez, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Paul Bennett
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to measure trunk flexo-extension during different Sit-To-Stand (STS) tasks and to analyze differences in those variables when STS repetitions are increased, by using an inertial sensor. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study trunk flexo-extension was obtained through inertial measurements using an inertial sensor placed on the flat part of the sternum with the Y transversally oriented and attached using double-sided adhesive tape...
October 18, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324860/factors-influencing-return-to-play-following-conservatively-treated-ankle-sprain-a-systematic-review
#19
Saed A Al Bimani, Lucy S Gates, Martin Warner, Catherine Bowen
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is a very common injury, yet uncertainty exists in what is appropriate time to return to play (RTP). Such guidance may inform treatment pathways and effective practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine if consensus exist about potential influencing factors for time to RTP in conservatively treated ankle sprain. METHODS: We searched AMED, CINAHL Plus, Cochrane library, EMBASE, MEDLINE (EBSCO), SPOERDiscus, PsycINFO, PEDro, Scopus, unpublished literature and ongoing trials and Google Scholar from inception until April 2017...
October 16, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312111/treatment-of-bennett-fractures-with-tension-band-wiring-through-a-small-incision-under-loupes-and-a-headlight
#20
Xu Zhang, Vikas Dhawan, Shuming Zhao, Yadong Yu, Xinzhong Shao, Guisheng Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to present a novel treatment strategy for Bennett fractures using a tension-band wiring technique performed through a small incision with loupes and a headlight. Additionally, this study compared this technique with the conventional percutaneous pinning technique. METHODS: Between January 2014 and January 2017, the tension-band wiring technique was used in 37 patients with Bennett fractures (study group). The range of motion, pinch and grip strengths, and hand function were assessed at the final follow-up...
October 12, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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