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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788037/bone-tunnel-enlargement-following-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-comprehensive-review
#1
Mateusz Stolarz, Krzysztof Ficek, Marcin Binkowski, Zygmunt Wróbel
Nowadays, bone tunnel enlargement (BTE) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a well-known phenomenon. It has been identified, investigated and described by many authors during the last thirty years. Nevertheless, the etiology of bone tunnel enlargement still remains unclear. It is known that the causes are multifactorial and may include the surgical technique, the method of fixation, materials used, type of graft as well as biological factors. Due to the recent popularization of the use of hamstring grafts in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, the bone tunnel enlargement phenomenon is becoming increasingly common...
November 11, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825284/surgical-management-of-acute-claw-hand-in-a-competitive-baseball-player
#2
Lucas S McDonald, Ryan M Degen, David W Altchek
We describe an unusual case of acute ulnar neuropathy with a flexible claw hand deformity in a baseball pitcher. Treatment involved ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow with subsequent recurrence of symptoms upon return to pitching. Definitive treatment included a wide secondary release of tethered locations resulting in return of function. At final follow-up the patient has returned to unrestricted baseball throwing activities.
November 8, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776458/the-effects-of-exercise-on-mastalgia
#3
Aysun Genç, Mehmet Mesut Çelebi, Süleyman Utku Çelik, Ebru Düşünceli Atman, Akın Fırat Kocaay, Ali Murat Zergeroğlu, Atilla Halil Elhan, Volkan Genç
OBJECTIVE: Mastalgia is often ignored by physicians although it is the most common breast-related complaint among women. The effectiveness of exercise therapy for mastalgia is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of exercise on mastalgia. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with twenty women with complaints of mastalgia fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group and to the exercise group...
October 25, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762636/predicting-factors-associated-with-frailty-in-aged-patients-with-bone-arthrosis-pain-in-the-clinic
#4
Bao-Lin Li, Wei Li, Jia-Qi Bi, Qing-Gang Meng, Jian-Feng Fei
OBJECTIVES: To identify frail and pre-frail patients in a group of patients older than 60 years. METHODS: The phenotype model of Fried's method was used to identify frailty and pre-frailty in total of 78 participants. Cognitive ability and psychosocial function tests were also given to 59 of the 78 patients. RESULTS: Prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty was 14.1% (11/78) and 46.2% (36/78), respectively. Of the 5 phenotype variables, weak grip strength was the most commonly seen variable with 53...
October 20, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741403/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-professional-football-referees-a-one-season-prospective-study-across-europe
#5
Vincent Gouttebarge, Urban Johnson, Pierre Rochcongar, Philippe Rosier, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and one-season incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among European professional football referees. A secondary aim was to explore the view of European professional football referees on consequences, support and needs related to these symptoms. METHODS: An observational prospective cohort study with three measurements over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among central or assistant professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741401/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-senior-male-rugby-union-sevens-a-systematic-review
#6
Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Luiz Miguel Santiago, Luis Taborda Barata
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 the Rugby Union variant of sevens will enter the official Olympic Programme. Until now, most of injury surveillance studies in Rugby Union focus on elite 15-a-side cohorts, with reported injury incidence rates reaching 96 per 1000 player-match-hours, and mean severity set at 20 days. Sparse data is available regarding rugby sevens. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data regarding the epidemiology of injuries in senior male rugby sevens. METHODS: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS, Scielo and IndexRMP) were searched in September 2015, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies and relevant 'grey literature'...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737609/metabolic-characterization-of-overweight-and-obese-adults
#7
Katie R Hirsch, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Malia N M Blue, Meredith G Mock, Eric T Trexler, Kristin S Ondrak
OBJECTIVES: Traditional evaluations of metabolic health may overlook underlying dysfunction in individuals who show no signs of insulin resistance or dyslipidemia. The purpose of this study was to characterize metabolic health in overweight and obese adults using traditional and non-traditional cardiometabolic variables. A secondary purpose was to evaluate differences between overweight/obese and male/female cohorts, respectively. METHODS: Forty-nine overweight and obese adults (Mean ± SD; Age=35...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737608/a-prospective-cohort-study-investigating-the-effect-of-generalized-joint-hypermobility-on-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-anterior-shoulder-stabilization
#8
Loukas Koyonos, Matthew J Kraeutler, Daniel F O'Brien, Michael G Ciccotti, Christopher C Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Generalized joint laxity has been proposed as a significant risk factor for failure after arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization. The purpose of this study was to prospectively measure joint mobility in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization and to determine whether hypermobility is a risk factor for worse outcomes compared with patients having normal joint mobility. METHODS: Patients with anterior shoulder instability were prospectively enrolled...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737602/the-response-of-circulating-omentin-1-concentration-to-16-week-exercise-training-in-male-children-with-obesity
#9
Farzad Zehsaz, Negin Farhangi, Mehri Ghahramani
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of the 16-week exercise training program on serum omentin-1 in relation to change in insulin resistance in obese male children. METHODS: Thirty-two obese male children, aged 9 to 12 years, were randomly assigned into Exercise Group (ExG; n=16) and Control Group (CG; n=16). ExG participated in a 16-week exercise training program which combined various forms of aerobic activities and resistance training...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736285/comparison-of-baseline-and-post-concussion-impact-test-scores-in-young-athletes-with-stimulant-treated-and-untreated-adhd
#10
Ryan M Gardner, Aaron Yengo-Kahn, Christopher M Bonfield, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVES: Baseline and post-concussion neurocognitive testing is useful in managing concussed athletes. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and stimulant medications are recognized as potential modifiers of performance on neurocognitive testing by the Concussion in Sport Group. Our goal was to assess whether individuals with ADHD perform differently on post-concussion testing and if this difference is related to the use of stimulants. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study in which 4373 athletes underwent baseline and post-concussion testing using the ImPACT battery...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653557/injuries-observed-in-a-prospective-transition-from-traditional-to-minimalist-footwear-correlation-of-high-impact-transient-forces-and-lower-injury-severity
#11
Matthew J Salzler, Hollie J Kirwan, Donna M Scarborough, James T Walker, Anthony J Guarino, Eric M Berkson
BACKGROUND: Minimalist running is increasing in popularity based upon a concept that it can reduce impact forces and decrease injury rates. The purpose of this investigation is to identify the rate and severity of injuries in runners transitioning from traditional to minimalist footwear. The secondary aims were to identify factors correlated with injuries. METHODS: Fourteen habitually shod (traditional running shoes) participants were enrolled for this prospective study investigating injury prevalence during transition from traditional running shoes to 5-toed minimalist shoes...
September 21, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589878/comment-on-effects-of-kinesiotaping-versus-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-physical-therapy-for-treatment-of-pes-anserinus-tendino-bursitis-a-randomized-comparative-clinical-trial
#12
Taner Dandinoglu, Haydar Mert Koç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564844/rapid-weight-gain-in-professional-boxing-and-correlation-with-fight-decisions-analysis-from-71-title-fights
#13
Gianlorenzo Daniele, Richard N Weinstein, Paul Wesley Wallace, Vincenzo Palmieri, Massimiliano Bianco
OBJECTIVES: Boxing is a sport where athletes compete in several weight categories. Professional boxers typically dehydrate to cut their weight for the weigh-in (24 h before the contest) and then rehydrate before the fight. The International Boxing Federation (IBF) mandates a second weigh-in 12 h before the fight. Our objectives were: 1) To quantify the weight gain (WG) from the 1st to the 2nd weigh-in; 2) to investigate whether rapid WG affects boxing performance (win/loss rate) and 3) whether weight discrepancy (WD) 15 between boxers exposes them to increased health risks (rate of fights ended before time limit)...
September 6, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802800/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539130/return-to-play-rates-following-arthroscopic-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-competitive-baseball-players
#15
Ryan M Degen, Kara G Fields, C Sally Wentzel, Bethanne Bartscherer, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been increasingly recognized in cutting sports including soccer, hockey and football. More recently, the prevalence among overhead athletes has also been recognized. The purpose of this study was to review impingement patterns, return-to-play rates and clinical outcome following arthroscopic treatment of FAI among high-level baseball players. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 70 competitive baseball players (86 hips; age 22...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578242/a-review-of-important-medical-and-surgical-considerations-for-obese-patients-undergoing-arthroscopic-surgery
#16
John Prodromo, Justin Rackley, Mary K Mulcahey
Obesity represents a unique challenge in orthopaedic surgery, the impact of which is seen through all phases of injury: in the development of disease, during the operative procedure, and throughout the rehabilitation period. Given the high prevalence of obesity in the United States and around the world, this patient population represents a substantial proportion of patients in need of orthopedic care. The effects of this disease constrain both medical and financial resources. For obese patients undergoing orthopedic procedures, adequate steps must be taken to minimize the risks that occur before, during, and after surgical intervention...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498675/all-cause-mortality-risk-as-a-function-of-sedentary-behavior-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#17
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Emerging work demonstrates individual associations of sedentary behavior, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) on mortality risk. Limited research has evaluated all three of these parameters in a model when considering mortality risk, and their potential additive association on mortality risk has not been fully evaluated, which was the purpose of this study. METHODS: Data from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 2,295 adults 20-85 yrs), with follow-up through 2011...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476731/rotator-cuff-repair-is-there-any-role-for-acromioplasty
#18
Mohsen Mardani-Kivi, Ali Karimi, Sohrab Keyhani, Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh, Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari
OBJECTIVES: Acromioplasty has been one of the most common techniques amongst orthopedic surgeries in the past decade. However, its efficacy in arthroscopic surgeries of rotator cuff repair is still debatable. The purpose of this study is to compare the arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with or without acromioplasty in patients with complete rotator cuff tear. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, patients with complete rotator cuff tear (acromion type II or III Bigliani) and a history of failure to the conservative treatment for at least 6 months were evaluated for eligibility...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456455/obesity-and-neurocognitive-recovery-after-sports-related-concussion-in-athletes-a-matched-cohort-study
#19
Young M Lee, Adela Wu, Scott L Zuckerman, Kevin M Stanko, Gregory Y LaChaud, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills
OBJECTIVES: Sports-related concussions (SRCs) are a significant public health concern in athletes. Data exist suggesting a link between obesity and decreased neurocognitive function, yet the effect of body mass index (BMI) on neurocognitive function and recovery after a SRC is unknown. The goal of our study was to discern the effect of BMI on recovery after SRC. METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational cohort study. Between 2013 and 2014, 7,606 athletes between the ages of 13-20 years valid baseline neurocognitive testing performed at multiple regional concussion centers sustained a concussion...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556548/attentive-processes-blood-lactate-and-crossfit-%C3%A2
#20
Valentina Perciavalle, Nunzio Salvatore Marchetta, Salvatore Giustiniani, Carlo Borbone, Vincenzo Perciavalle, Maria Cristina Petralia, Andrea Buscemi, Marinella Coco
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the influences of blood lactate produced during a specific session of CrossFit® on intensity and selectivity of attention. The first was evaluated by measuring the reaction time and the second by analyzing divided attention with a dual task. METHODS: Fifteen male professionals of CrossFit® volunteered in the study. The training session was the Workout Of the Day (WOD) called 15.5, marked as: 27-21-15-9 repetitions (without recovery) in term of calories measured by using a rowing ergometer (e...
August 24, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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