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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152320/fighting-to-keep-a-sport-safe-toward-a-structured-and-sport-specific-return-to-play-protocol
#1
Bryce Nalepa, Amy Alexander, Sarah Schodrof, Charles Bernick, Jamie Pardini
Combat sports are growing in popularity, viewership, and participation. The nature of these sports involves repetitive head contact, yet unlike most other professional contact sports, there are no endorsed guidelines or mandates for graduated and systematic return to play following concussion. Here, we review the literature related to concussion and fighting sports, and propose guidelines for concussion management and safe return to play following concussion.
February 2, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#2
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
February 1, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136131/is-marathon-running-toxic-an-observational-study-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevalence-and-longevity-in-54-male-marathon-runners
#3
Benjamin Rosin
OBJECTIVES: Recent literature suggests reduced benefits associated with high intensity (HIT) and or sustained intensity exercise training (SIT). While important, they tend to contrast with other studies of HIT and SIT and may not be representative of all individuals wishing to participate in activities such as marathon running. The purpose of this observational report is to describe a 45-year history of 54 long distance runners, their incidence of death from cardiovascular disease and their ages at death compared to the normal population...
January 30, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116947/type-iv-hypersensitivity-reactions-following-dermabond-adhesive-utilization-in-knee-surgery-a-report-of-three-cases
#4
Michelle Yagnatovsky, Hien Pham, Andrew Rokito, Laith Jazrawi, Eric Strauss
​We retrospectively reviewed the records of 3 patients (3 knees) with a delayed type hypersensitivity reaction following Dermabond exposure after an orthopaedic knee procedure. Delayed hypersensitivity reactions are mediated by CD4+ helper T cells. The use of skin adhesives in place of traditional sutures is increasing in popularity given Dermabond's potential benefits of decreased wound infection rate and better wound approximation. However, hypersensitivity reactions to the cyanoacrylate material in Dermabond have been described...
January 25, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068152/effect-of-exposure-type-and-timing-of-injuries-in-division-i-college-football-a-4-year-single-program-analysis
#5
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Rachel L Tatarski, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Football players compete with a high risk of injury due to the sport. With the recent efforts to improve safety, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) established new terminology to clearly define exposure types and reduce the number of high contact exposures. OBJECTIVES: To compare football injury rates (IR) with a focus on game versus practice, time in season of injury, mechanism of injury and utilizing recent exposure types defined by the NCAA (live contact, full-pads and non-contact)...
January 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067582/the-relationship-of-hip-muscle-performance-to-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-a-systematic-review
#6
Nili Steinberg, Gali Dar, Martin Dunlop, James Edmund Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Hip control affects movement and muscle firing patterns in the leg, ankle and foot, and may contribute to overuse injuries. Muscle performance can be measured as strength, endurance or muscle activation patterns. Our objective was to systematically review whether hip muscle performance is associated with leg, ankle and foot injuries. DATA SOURCES: A structured and comprehensive search of six medical literature databases was combined with forward and backward citation tracking (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Scopus and SportDiscus)...
January 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075653/serum-creatine-kinase-elevations-in-ultramarathon-runners-at-high-altitude
#7
Danielle Magrini, Morteza Khodaee, Inigo San Millan, Tamara Hew-Butler, Aaron J Provance
OBJECTIVES: Creatine kinase (CK) is a sensitive enzyme marker for muscle damage in athletes. Elevated CK levels have been reported in many endurance physical activities. The consequence and possible long-term sequela of the CK elevation in athletes is unknown. There is a paucity of literature stating actual numerical values of CK associated with competing in an ultramarathon with extreme environmental conditions. Our hypothesis was that the serum CK levels increase significantly as a result of running a 161km ultramarathon at high altitude...
January 11, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973978/reduction-of-anterior-glenohumeral-dislocations-a-new-closed-reduction-technique
#8
Mark J Gage, Brian K Park, Eric J Strauss
OBJECTIVE: A new closed reduction technique for anterior glenohumeral dislocations and tuberosity fracture dislocations is introduced. METHODS: Forty-one consecutive patients with an acute anterior glenohumeral dislocation or tuberosity fracture dislocation underwent closed reduction by an orthopaedic surgeon employing this new method. RESULTS: Closed reduction was successful in 88% of patients using the reduction maneuver. Associated fracture with glenohumeral dislocation did not influence the success rate of the reduction maneuver...
December 25, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929722/medical-attention-seeking-dance-injuries-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#9
Akilesh Anand Prakash
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of case reports documenting the epidemiology of unique and rare musculoskeletal injuries in dancers. A systematic review was conducted online using PubMed and Google Scholar, as per PRISMA guidelines up to July 30, 2016. Predefined eligibility criteria were applied, and the data thus compiled was analysed. Study quality was assessed based on CARE guidelines. 72 studies reporting 92 dance injuries were included in the review. The average age of dancers was 23 years (SD = 10 years) with majority being females (65%)...
December 17, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929369/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825284/surgical-management-of-acute-claw-hand-in-a-competitive-baseball-player
#11
Lucas S McDonald, Ryan M Degen, David W Altchek
We describe an unusual case of acute ulnar neuropathy with a flexible claw hand deformity in a baseball pitcher. Treatment involved ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow with subsequent recurrence of symptoms upon return to pitching. Definitive treatment included a wide secondary release of tethered locations resulting in return of function. At final follow-up the patient has returned to unrestricted baseball throwing activities.
November 18, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788037/bone-tunnel-enlargement-following-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-comprehensive-review
#12
Mateusz Stolarz, Krzysztof Ficek, Marcin Binkowski, Zygmunt Wróbel
Nowadays, bone tunnel enlargement (BTE) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a well-known phenomenon. It has been identified, investigated and described by many authors during the last thirty years. Nevertheless, the etiology of bone tunnel enlargement still remains unclear. It is known that the causes are multifactorial and may include the surgical technique, the method of fixation, materials used, type of graft as well as biological factors. Due to the recent popularization of the use of hamstring grafts in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, the bone tunnel enlargement phenomenon is becoming increasingly common...
November 11, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776458/the-effects-of-exercise-on-mastalgia
#13
Aysun Genç, Mehmet Mesut Çelebi, Süleyman Utku Çelik, Ebru Düşünceli Atman, Akın Fırat Kocaay, Ali Murat Zergeroğlu, Atilla Halil Elhan, Volkan Genç
OBJECTIVE: Mastalgia is often ignored by physicians although it is the most common breast-related complaint among women. The effectiveness of exercise therapy for mastalgia is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of exercise on mastalgia. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with twenty women with complaints of mastalgia fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group and to the exercise group...
November 3, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737608/a-prospective-cohort-study-investigating-the-effect-of-generalized-joint-hypermobility-on-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-anterior-shoulder-stabilization
#14
Loukas Koyonos, Matthew J Kraeutler, Daniel F O'Brien, Michael G Ciccotti, Christopher C Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Generalized joint laxity has been proposed as a significant risk factor for failure after arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization. The purpose of this study was to prospectively measure joint mobility in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization and to determine whether hypermobility is a risk factor for worse outcomes compared with patients having normal joint mobility. METHODS: Patients with anterior shoulder instability were prospectively enrolled...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737602/the-response-of-circulating-omentin-1-concentration-to-16-week-exercise-training-in-male-children-with-obesity
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Farzad Zehsaz, Negin Farhangi, Mehri Ghahramani
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of the 16-week exercise training program on serum omentin-1 in relation to change in insulin resistance in obese male children. METHODS: Thirty-two obese male children, aged 9-12 years, were randomly assigned into Exercise Group (ExG; n = 16) and Control Group (CG; n = 16). ExG participated in a 16-week exercise training program which combined various forms of aerobic activities and resistance training...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653557/injuries-observed-in-a-prospective-transition-from-traditional-to-minimalist-footwear-correlation-of-high-impact-transient-forces-and-lower-injury-severity
#16
Matthew J Salzler, Hollie J Kirwan, Donna M Scarborough, James T Walker, Anthony J Guarino, Eric M Berkson
OBJECTIVES: Minimalist running is increasing in popularity based upon a concept that it can reduce impact forces and decrease injury rates. The purpose of this investigation is to identify the rate and severity of injuries in runners transitioning from traditional to minimalist footwear. The secondary aims were to identify factors correlated with injuries. METHODS: Fourteen habitually shod (traditional running shoes) participants were enrolled for this prospective study investigating injury prevalence during transition from traditional running shoes to 5-toed minimalist shoes...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589878/comment-on-effects-of-kinesiotaping-versus-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-physical-therapy-for-treatment-of-pes-anserinus-tendino-bursitis-a-randomized-comparative-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Taner Dandinoglu, Haydar Mert Koç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564844/rapid-weight-gain-in-professional-boxing-and-correlation-with-fight-decisions-analysis-from-71-title-fights
#18
Gianlorenzo Daniele, Richard N Weinstein, Paul Wesley Wallace, Vincenzo Palmieri, Massimiliano Bianco
OBJECTIVES: Boxing is a sport where athletes compete in several weight categories. Professional boxers typically dehydrate to cut their weight for the weigh-in (24 h before the contest) and then rehydrate before the fight. The International Boxing Federation (IBF) mandates a second weigh-in 12 h before the fight. Our objectives were: 1) To quantify the weight gain (WG) from the 1st to the 2nd weigh-in; 2) to investigate whether rapid WG affects boxing performance (win/loss rate) and 3) whether weight discrepancy (WD) 15 between boxers exposes them to increased health risks (rate of fights ended before time limit)...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556548/attentive-processes-blood-lactate-and-crossfit-%C3%A2
#19
Valentina Perciavalle, Nunzio Salvatore Marchetta, Salvatore Giustiniani, Carlo Borbone, Vincenzo Perciavalle, Maria Cristina Petralia, Andrea Buscemi, Marinella Coco
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the influences of blood lactate produced during a specific session of CrossFit® on intensity and selectivity of attention. The first was evaluated by measuring the reaction time and the second by analyzing divided attention with a dual task. METHODS: Fifteen male professionals of CrossFit® volunteered in the study. The training session was the Workout Of the Day (WOD) called 15.5, marked as: 27-21-15-9 repetitions (without recovery) in term of calories measured by using a rowing ergometer (e...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548840/key-components-and-potential-benefits-of-a-comprehensive-approach-to-women-s-musculoskeletal-health
#20
REVIEW
Anne E Goldring, Annie P Ashok, Ellen K Casey, Mary K Mulcahey
Over the last 40 years there has been a significant increase in the number of female athletes, as well as a rise in musculoskeletal injuries observed in women. There is sufficient evidence from past medical research identifying various musculoskeletal injuries and conditions that more commonly affect women, such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, stress fractures, and anterior cruciate ligament tears. Several women's sports medicine and musculoskeletal health programs have been developed throughout the United States in an attempt to provide more tailored care to the female athlete...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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