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Physician and Sportsmedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#1
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (Soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
January 18, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075653/serum-creatine-kinase-elevations-in-ultramarathon-runners-at-high-altitude
#2
Danielle Magrini, Morteza Khodaee, Inigo San Millan, Tamara Hew-Butler, Aaron J Provance
OBJECTIVES: Creatine kinase (CK) is a sensitive enzyme marker for muscle damage in athletes. Elevated CK levels have been reported in many endurance physical activities. The consequence and possible long-term sequela of the CK elevation in athletes is unknown. There is a paucity of literature stating actual numerical values of CK associated with competing in an ultramarathon with extreme environmental conditions. Our hypothesis was that the serum CK levels increase significantly as a result of running a 161km ultramarathon at high altitude...
January 11, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068152/effect-of-exposure-type-and-timing-of-injuries-in-division-i-college-football-a-4-year-single-program-analysis
#3
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Rachel L Tatarski, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Football players compete with a high risk of injury due to the sport. With the recent efforts to improve safety, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) established new terminology to clearly define exposure types and reduce the number of high contact exposures. OBJECTIVES: To compare football injury rates (IR) with a focus on game versus practice, time in season of injury, mechanism of injury and utilizing recent exposure types defined by the NCAA (live contact, full-pads and non-contact)...
January 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067582/the-relationship-of-hip-muscle-performance-to-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-a-systematic-review
#4
Nili Steinberg, Gali Dar, Martin Dunlop, James Edmund Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Hip control affects movement and muscle firing patterns in the leg, ankle and foot, and may contribute to overuse injuries. Muscle performance can be measured as strength, endurance or muscle activation patterns. Our objective was to systematically review whether hip muscle performance is associated with leg, ankle and foot injuries. DATA SOURCES: A structured and comprehensive search of six medical literature databases was combined with forward and backward citation tracking (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Scopus and SportDiscus)...
January 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973978/reduction-of-anterior-glenohumeral-dislocations-a-new-closed-reduction-technique
#5
Mark J Gage, Brian K Park, Eric J Strauss
OBJECTIVE: A new closed reduction technique for anterior glenohumeral dislocations and tuberosity fracture dislocations is introduced. METHODS: Forty-one consecutive patients with an acute anterior glenohumeral dislocation or tuberosity fracture dislocation underwent closed reduction by an orthopaedic surgeon employing this new method. RESULTS: Closed reduction was successful in 88% of patients using the reduction maneuver. Associated fracture with glenohumeral dislocation did not influence the success rate of the reduction maneuver...
December 25, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929722/medical-attention-seeking-dance-injuries-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#6
Akilesh Anand Prakash
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of case reports documenting the epidemiology of unique and rare musculoskeletal injuries in dancers. A systematic review was conducted online using PubMed and Google Scholar, as per PRISMA guidelines up to July 30, 2016. Predefined eligibility criteria were applied, and the data thus compiled was analysed. Study quality was assessed based on CARE guidelines. 72 studies reporting 92 dance injuries were included in the review. The average age of dancers was 23 years (SD = 10 years) with majority being females (65%)...
December 17, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929369/erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788037/bone-tunnel-enlargement-following-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-comprehensive-review
#8
Mateusz Stolarz, Krzysztof Ficek, Marcin Binkowski, Zygmunt Wróbel
Nowadays, bone tunnel enlargement (BTE) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a well-known phenomenon. It has been identified, investigated and described by many authors during the last thirty years. Nevertheless, the etiology of bone tunnel enlargement still remains unclear. It is known that the causes are multifactorial and may include the surgical technique, the method of fixation, materials used, type of graft as well as biological factors. Due to the recent popularization of the use of hamstring grafts in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, the bone tunnel enlargement phenomenon is becoming increasingly common...
November 11, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825284/surgical-management-of-acute-claw-hand-in-a-competitive-baseball-player
#9
Lucas S McDonald, Ryan M Degen, David W Altchek
We describe an unusual case of acute ulnar neuropathy with a flexible claw hand deformity in a baseball pitcher. Treatment involved ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow with subsequent recurrence of symptoms upon return to pitching. Definitive treatment included a wide secondary release of tethered locations resulting in return of function. At final follow-up the patient has returned to unrestricted baseball throwing activities.
November 18, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776458/the-effects-of-exercise-on-mastalgia
#10
Aysun Genç, Mehmet Mesut Çelebi, Süleyman Utku Çelik, Ebru Düşünceli Atman, Akın Fırat Kocaay, Ali Murat Zergeroğlu, Atilla Halil Elhan, Volkan Genç
OBJECTIVE: Mastalgia is often ignored by physicians although it is the most common breast-related complaint among women. The effectiveness of exercise therapy for mastalgia is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of exercise on mastalgia. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with twenty women with complaints of mastalgia fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group and to the exercise group...
October 25, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802800/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737609/metabolic-characterization-of-overweight-and-obese-adults
#12
Katie R Hirsch, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Malia N M Blue, Meredith G Mock, Eric T Trexler, Kristin S Ondrak
OBJECTIVES: Traditional evaluations of metabolic health may overlook underlying dysfunction in individuals who show no signs of insulin resistance or dyslipidemia. The purpose of this study was to characterize metabolic health in overweight and obese adults using traditional and non-traditional cardiometabolic variables. A secondary purpose was to evaluate differences between overweight/obese and male/female cohorts, respectively. METHODS: Forty-nine overweight and obese adults (Mean ± SD; Age = 35...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737602/the-response-of-circulating-omentin-1-concentration-to-16-week-exercise-training-in-male-children-with-obesity
#13
Farzad Zehsaz, Negin Farhangi, Mehri Ghahramani
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of the 16-week exercise training program on serum omentin-1 in relation to change in insulin resistance in obese male children. METHODS: Thirty-two obese male children, aged 9-12 years, were randomly assigned into Exercise Group (ExG; n = 16) and Control Group (CG; n = 16). ExG participated in a 16-week exercise training program which combined various forms of aerobic activities and resistance training...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539130/return-to-play-rates-following-arthroscopic-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-competitive-baseball-players
#14
Ryan M Degen, Kara G Fields, C Sally Wentzel, Bethanne Bartscherer, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been increasingly recognized in cutting sports including soccer, hockey and football. More recently, the prevalence among overhead athletes has also been recognized. The purpose of this study was to review impingement patterns, return-to-play rates and clinical outcome following arthroscopic treatment of FAI among high-level baseball players. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 70 competitive baseball players (86 hips; age 22...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762636/predicting-factors-associated-with-frailty-in-aged-patients-with-bone-arthrosis-pain-in-the-clinic
#15
Bao-Lin Li, Wei Li, Jia-Qi Bi, Qing-Gang Meng, Jian-Feng Fei
OBJECTIVES: To identify frail and pre-frail patients in a group of patients older than 60 years. METHODS: The phenotype model of Fried's method was used to identify frailty and pre-frailty in total of 78 participants. Cognitive ability and psychosocial function tests were also given to 59 of the 78 patients. RESULTS: Prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty was 14.1% (11/78) and 46.2% (36/78), respectively. Of the 5 phenotype variables, weak grip strength was the most commonly seen variable with 53...
October 20, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741403/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-professional-football-referees-a-one-season-prospective-study-across-europe
#16
Vincent Gouttebarge, Urban Johnson, Pierre Rochcongar, Philippe Rosier, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and one-season incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among European professional football referees. A secondary aim was to explore the view of European professional football referees on consequences, support and needs related to these symptoms. METHODS: An observational prospective cohort study with three measurements over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among central or assistant professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741401/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-senior-male-rugby-union-sevens-a-systematic-review
#17
Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Luiz Miguel Santiago, Luis Taborda Barata
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 the Rugby Union variant of sevens will enter the official Olympic Programme. Until now, most of injury surveillance studies in Rugby Union focus on elite 15-a-side cohorts, with reported injury incidence rates reaching 96 per 1000 player-match-hours, and mean severity set at 20 days. Sparse data is available regarding rugby sevens. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data regarding the epidemiology of injuries in senior male rugby sevens. METHODS: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS, Scielo and IndexRMP) were searched in September 2015, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies and relevant 'grey literature'...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737608/a-prospective-cohort-study-investigating-the-effect-of-generalized-joint-hypermobility-on-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-anterior-shoulder-stabilization
#18
Loukas Koyonos, Matthew J Kraeutler, Daniel F O'Brien, Michael G Ciccotti, Christopher C Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Generalized joint laxity has been proposed as a significant risk factor for failure after arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization. The purpose of this study was to prospectively measure joint mobility in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization and to determine whether hypermobility is a risk factor for worse outcomes compared with patients having normal joint mobility. METHODS: Patients with anterior shoulder instability were prospectively enrolled...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736285/comparison-of-baseline-and-post-concussion-impact-test-scores-in-young-athletes-with-stimulant-treated-and-untreated-adhd
#19
Ryan M Gardner, Aaron Yengo-Kahn, Christopher M Bonfield, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVES: Baseline and post-concussion neurocognitive testing is useful in managing concussed athletes. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and stimulant medications are recognized as potential modifiers of performance on neurocognitive testing by the Concussion in Sport Group. Our goal was to assess whether individuals with ADHD perform differently on post-concussion testing and if this difference is related to the use of stimulants. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study in which 4373 athletes underwent baseline and post-concussion testing using the ImPACT battery...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653557/injuries-observed-in-a-prospective-transition-from-traditional-to-minimalist-footwear-correlation-of-high-impact-transient-forces-and-lower-injury-severity
#20
Matthew J Salzler, Hollie J Kirwan, Donna M Scarborough, James T Walker, Anthony J Guarino, Eric M Berkson
BACKGROUND: Minimalist running is increasing in popularity based upon a concept that it can reduce impact forces and decrease injury rates. The purpose of this investigation is to identify the rate and severity of injuries in runners transitioning from traditional to minimalist footwear. The secondary aims were to identify factors correlated with injuries. METHODS: Fourteen habitually shod (traditional running shoes) participants were enrolled for this prospective study investigating injury prevalence during transition from traditional running shoes to 5-toed minimalist shoes...
September 21, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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