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Reviews on Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926342/recent-trends-in-the-industrial-use-and-emission-of-known-and-suspected-carcinogens-in-ontario-canada
#1
Catherine E Slavik, Sheila Kalenge, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: In 2010, Ontario, Canada's most populous province, implemented its Toxics Reduction Act, Ontario Regulation 455/09 (TRA), which requires four major manufacturing and mineral processing industry groups that already report releases of pollutants federally to the National Pollutant Release Inventory to additionally track, account and report their use and creation. The TRA was modeled after the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act of 1989, which has been very successful and reported significant reduction in toxic use and carcinogen release...
September 19, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915126/toxicological-profile-of-organochlorines-aldrin-and-dieldrin-an-indian-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Noopur Sharma, Deepali Garg, Roumi Deb, Ratika Samtani
Several epidemiological studies have suggested various environmental factors as a possible cause for increased incidence of various abnormalities. Of the various environmental contaminants, the most prevalent and the most discussed are the endocrine disrupting chemicals. Contact of such disruptors with humans has become inevitable today. They are cosmopolitan and present from agriculture to industrial sectors, even in day-to-day consumer products. Aldrin and dieldrin belong to one such class of substances which are known to have a toxic effect on various physiological systems of the human body...
September 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915125/air-pollution-aeroallergens-and-suicidality-a-review-of-the-effects-of-air-pollution-and-aeroallergens-on-suicidal-behavior-and-an-exploration-of-possible-mechanisms
#3
Renee-Marie Ragguett, Danielle S Cha, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Nicole E Carmona, Yena Lee, Duanduan Yuan, Carola Rong, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for suicide can be broadly categorized as sociodemographic, clinical and treatment. There is interest in environmental risk and protection factors for suicide. Emerging evidence suggests a link between environmental factors in the form of air pollution and aeroallergens in relation to suicidality. METHODS: Herein, we conducted a systematic review of 15 articles which have met inclusion criteria on the aforementioned effects. RESULTS: The majority of the reviewed articles reported an increased suicide risk alongside increased air pollutants or aeroallergens (i...
September 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854146/evaluation-of-the-carcinogenic-risks-at-the-influence-of-pops
#4
Aiman Nazhmetdinova, Adlet Kassymbayev, Altinay Chalginbayeva
INTRODUCTION: Kazakhstan is included in the list of environmentally vulnerable countries and Kyzylorda oblast in particular. This is due to its geographical, spatial and temporal and socioeconomic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the program "Integrated approaches in the management of public health in the Aral region", we have carried out an expertise on many samples of natural environments and products. Samples were selected in accordance with sampling procedures according to regulatory documents by specialists of the Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory...
August 30, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#5
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731859/air-pollution-and-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Natalia Palacios
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease of unknown etiology that is thought to be caused by a complex combination of environmental and/or genetic factors. Air pollution exposure is linked to numerous adverse effects on human health, including brain inflammation and oxidative stress, processes that are believed to contribute to the development and progression of PD. This review provides an overview of recent advances in the epidemiology of air pollution and PD, including evidence of the effects of various pollutants (ozone, PM10, PM2...
July 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902632/e-cigarettes-risk-mitigation-for-smokers-or-a-public-health-disaster
#7
EDITORIAL
Peter D Sly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682789/environmental-health-disparities-in-the-central-appalachian-region-of-the-united-states
#8
REVIEW
Leigh-Anne Krometis, Julia Gohlke, Korine Kolivras, Emily Satterwhite, Susan West Marmagas, Linsey C Marr
Health disparities that cannot be fully explained by socio-behavioral factors persist in the Central Appalachian region of the United States. A review of available studies of environmental impacts on Appalachian health and analysis of recent public data indicates that while disparities exist, most studies of local environmental quality focus on the preservation of nonhuman biodiversity rather than on effects on human health. The limited public health studies available focus primarily on the impacts of coal mining and do not measure personal exposure, constraining the ability to identify causal relationships between environmental conditions and public health...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678737/functional-brain-mri-in-patients-complaining-of-electrohypersensitivity-after-long-term-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields
#9
Gunnar Heuser, Sylvia A Heuser
INTRODUCTION: Ten adult patients with electromagnetic hypersensitivity underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain scans. All scans were abnormal with abnormalities which were consistent and similar. It is proposed that fMRI brain scans be used as a diagnostic aid for determining whether or not a patient has electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Over the years we have seen an increasing number of patients who had developed multi system complaints after long term repeated exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs)...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384119/status-of-water-pollution-in-relation-to-industrialization-in-rajasthan
#10
REVIEW
Ritu Singh Rajput, Sonali Pandey, Seema Bhadauria
India is a large and densely populated country; its economy is largely agricultural. Making the best use of the country's manpower has always posed a challenge. Industrialization could become a dominant component of the economy and displace agriculture. Traditional livelihoods of occupational groups are threatened by the practice of disposing untreated industrial waste into rivers and bodies of water. These uncontrolled disposals impact local natural resources with negative long-term effects. Industrialization is the development of intellectual and financial trade that changes a predominantly rustic culture into a modern one...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306542/biomonitoring-of-danish-school-children-and-mothers-including-biomarkers-of-pbde-and-glyphosate
#11
Lisbeth E Knudsen, Pernille Winton Hansen, Seher Mizrak, Heidi K Hansen, Thit A Mørck, Flemming Nielsen, Volkert Siersma, Line Mathiesen
BACKGROUND: The Danish part of the large European Human biomonitoring pilot project Demonstration of a study to Coordinate and Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) investigated the urine, hair and blood concentrations of 66 different environmental chemicals in a group of 145 Danish school children aged 6-11 years and their mothers from rural and urban areas in autumn 2011. Some - but not all - results were published; however, the concurrence of the chemicals has not been assessed...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284039/arsenic-and-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiologic-studies
#12
REVIEW
Narges Khanjani, Abu-Bakr Jafarnejad, Leila Tavakkoli
INTRODUCTION: Arsenic is one of the heavy metals known to be a cause of cancer and many other serious human health problems. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), has classified arsenic as a Group 1 carcinogen. Studies were performed in different populations to investigate the association between arsenic and breast cancer and the present paper attempts to review these studies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Accessible electronic resources including, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Science Direct and Scopus and Google Scholar were searched, with relevant phrases up to October 30, 2016...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107173/electronic-cigarettes-and-indoor-air-quality-a-review-of-studies-using-human-volunteers
#13
REVIEW
Najihah Zainol Abidin, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Aziemah Zulkifli, Karmegam Karuppiah, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin
OBJECTIVE: This paper is primarily aimed to review articles on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) focusing on indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment that were conducted using human volunteers under natural settings that mimic actual vaping scenarios. Such studies may give a better representation of the actual potential exposure towards e-cigarettes emissions in indoor settings. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed search engine database...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076320/solid-waste-management-in-thailand-an-overview-and-case-study-tha-khon-yang-sub-district
#14
REVIEW
Nachalida Yukalang, Beverley Dawn Clarke, Kirstin Elizabeth Ross
Due to rapid urbanization, solid waste management (SWM) has become a significant issue in several developing countries including Thailand. Policies implemented by the Central Thai Government to manage SWM issues have had only limited success. This article reviews current municipal waste management plans in Thailand and examines municipal waste management at the local level, with focus on the Tha Khon Yang sub-district surrounding Mahasarakham University in Mahasarakham Province. Within two decades this area has been converted from a rural to an urban landscape featuring accommodation for over 45,000 university students and a range of business facilities...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282297/sensemaking-stakeholder-discord-and-long-term-risk-communication-at-a-us-superfund-site
#15
Anna Goodman Hoover
INTRODUCTION: Risk communication can help reduce exposures to environmental contaminants, mitigate negative health outcomes, and inform community-based decisions about hazardous waste sites. While communication best practices have long guided such efforts, little research has examined unintended consequences arising from such guidelines. As rhetoric informs stakeholder sensemaking, the language used in and reinforced by these guidelines can challenge relationships and exacerbate stakeholder tensions...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248636/the-results-of-interconnection-of-the-evidence-of-professional-exposure-to-genotoxic-factors-regex-and-cancer-registry-in-the-czech-republic
#16
Hana Lehocká, Ivona Závacká, Jana Vavrošová, Vladimír Janout
The aim of this study is to analyze the genotoxic risks in the Moravian-Silesian Region in the Czech Republic and assess the significance of genotoxic factors in the etiology of cancer by bringing together the Registry of Occupational Exposure to Genotoxic Factors and the Cancer Registry and compare the rate of detected cancer in persons exposed to genotoxic factors via their work in the Moravian-Silesian Region with the occurrence of cancer in the population of the Czech Republic. The results show: (a) For the monitored group (748 person) for the period 1996-2008, according to gender, was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of oncological diseases compared to the population of the Czech Republic...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231068/recent-advances-on-iron-oxide-magnetic-nanoparticles-as-sorbents-of-organic-pollutants-in-water-and-wastewater-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Angela M Gutierrez, Thomas D Dziubla, J Zach Hilt
The constant growth in population worldwide over the past decades continues to put forward the need to provide access to safe, clean water to meet human needs. There is a need for cost-effective technologies for water and wastewater treatment that can meet the global demands and the rigorous water quality standards and at the same maximizing pollutant efficiency removal. Current remediation technologies have failed in keeping up with these factors without becoming cost-prohibitive. Most recently, nanotechnology has been sought as the best alternative to increase access to water supplies by remediating those already contaminated and offering ways to access unconventional sources...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231067/the-association-of-peripubertal-serum-concentrations-of-organochlorine-chemicals-and-blood-lead-with-growth-and-pubertal-development-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-boys-a-review-of-published-results-from-the-russian-children-s-study
#18
REVIEW
Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S Burns, Paige L Williams, Susan A Korrick, Mary M Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser
Organochlorine chemicals and lead are environmental exposures that have endocrine disrupting properties (EDCs) which interfere with many aspects of hormone action. Childhood and adolescence are windows of susceptibility for adverse health effects of EDCs. Our ongoing study, the Russian Children's Study (RCS), is one of the few longitudinal studies investigating the impact of EDCs on growth and puberty in boys. It is conducted in the historically contaminated city of Chapaevsk, in the Samara region. The study focuses on evaluating the associations of persistent organochlorine chemicals and lead with growth and pubertal timing...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231066/valuing-environmental-health-for-informed-policy-making
#19
Vojtěch Máca, Jan Melichar, Milan Ščasný, Markéta Braun Kohlová
BACKGROUND: Monetized environmental health impact assessments help to better evaluate the environmental burden of a wide range of economic activities. Apart from the limitations and uncertainties in physical and biological science used in such assessments, assumptions taken from economic valuation may also substantially influence subsequent policy-making considerations. AIM: This study attempts to demonstrate the impact of normative policy assumptions on quantified external costs using a case study of recently discussed variants of future coal mining and use of extracted coal in electricity and heat generation in the Czech Republic...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231065/exposure-of-children-to-phthalates-and-the-impact-of-consumer-practices-in-slovakia
#20
Miroslava Šidlovská, Ida Petrovičová, Branislav Kolena, Tomáš Pilka, Eva Šovčíková, Tomáš Trnovec
Phthalates are environmental pollutants that can enter the human body by ingestion, inhalation and dermal absorption. Food constitutes the most important source of human exposure to these chemicals. The aim of our study was the biological monitoring of exposure to eight phthalate metabolites in children (n=107), 10-12 years of age, living in eastern Slovakia. Additionally, we analysed some associations between anthropometric measures, questionnaire data (i.e. eating and drinking habits, practice of personal care products) and concentrations of phthalate metabolites...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
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