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Reviews on Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077554/antifungal-properties-of-essential-oils-for-improvement-of-indoor-air-quality-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Harriet Whiley, Sharyn Gaskin, Tiffany Schroder, Kirstin Ross
Concerns regarding indoor air quality, particularly the presence of fungi and moulds, are increasing. The potential for essential oils to reduce, control or remove fungi, is gaining interest as they are seen as a "natural" alternative to synthetic chemical fungicides. This review examines published research on essential oils as a method of fungal control in indoor environments. It was difficult to compare the relative performances of essential oils due to differences in research methods and reporting languages...
October 27, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068792/neurodevelopmental-and-neurological-effects-of-chemicals-associated-with-unconventional-oil-and-natural-gas-operations-and-their-potential-effects-on-infants-and-children
#2
REVIEW
Ellen Webb, Julie Moon, Larysa Dyrszka, Brian Rodriguez, Caroline Cox, Heather Patisaul, Sheila Bushkin, Eric London
Heavy metals (arsenic and manganese), particulate matter (PM), benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have been linked to significant neurodevelopmental health problems in infants, children and young adults. These substances are widely used in, or become byproducts of unconventional oil and natural gas (UOG) development and operations. Every stage of the UOG lifecycle, from well construction to extraction, operations, transportation and distribution can lead to air and water contamination...
October 25, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055939/the-national-institute-of-environmental-health-sciences-superfund-research-program-a-model-for-multidisciplinary-training-of-the-next-generation-of-environmental-health-scientists
#3
REVIEW
Danielle J Carlin, Heather Henry, Michelle Heacock, Brittany Trottier, Christina H Drew, William A Suk
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Superfund Research Program (SRP) funds university-based, multidisciplinary research on human health and environmental science and engineering with the central goals to understand how hazardous substances contribute to disease and how to prevent exposures to these environmental chemicals. This multi-disciplinary approach allows early career scientists (e.g. graduate students and postdoctoral researchers) to gain experience in problem-based, solution-oriented research and to conduct research in a highly collaborative environment...
October 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055177/pesticide-management-approach-towards-protecting-the-safety-and-health-of-farmers-in-southeast-asia
#4
REVIEW
Norsyazwani Mohammad, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Vivien How, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Zailina Hashim
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that pesticide production and use have increased continuously in the countries of Southeast Asia in recent years. Within the context of protecting the safety and health of workers in the agricultural sector, there is an existing gap in the implementation of the pesticide management framework because safety and health effects arising from occupational exposures continue to be reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide narrative similarities, differences and weaknesses of the existing pesticide management system in Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) within the context of occupational safety and health...
October 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016356/decline-in-lung-function-among-cement-production-workers-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Somayeh Rahimi Moghadam, Siavosh Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Ehsan Abedini, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Several studies with different results have been performed regarding cement dust exposure and its pathogenic outcomes during the previous years. This study aims to combine these results to obtain a reliable estimate of the effect of exposure to cement dust. METHODS: PubMed and other data banks were searched to identify required electronic articles. The search was extended interviewing with relevant experts and research centers. Point and pooled estimates of outcome with 95% confidence intervals were estimated...
October 10, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926342/recent-trends-in-the-industrial-use-and-emission-of-known-and-suspected-carcinogens-in-ontario-canada
#6
Catherine E Slavik, Sheila Kalenge, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: In 2010, Ontario, Canada's most populous province, implemented its Toxics Reduction Act, Ontario Regulation 455/09 (TRA), which requires four major manufacturing and mineral processing industry groups that already report releases of pollutants federally to the National Pollutant Release Inventory to additionally track, account and report their use and creation. The TRA was modeled after the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act of 1989, which has been very successful and reported significant reduction in toxic use and carcinogen release...
September 19, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915126/toxicological-profile-of-organochlorines-aldrin-and-dieldrin-an-indian-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Noopur Sharma, Deepali Garg, Roumi Deb, Ratika Samtani
Several epidemiological studies have suggested various environmental factors as a possible cause for increased incidence of various abnormalities. Of the various environmental contaminants, the most prevalent and the most discussed are the endocrine disrupting chemicals. Contact of such disruptors with humans has become inevitable today. They are cosmopolitan and present from agriculture to industrial sectors, even in day-to-day consumer products. Aldrin and dieldrin belong to one such class of substances which are known to have a toxic effect on various physiological systems of the human body...
September 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915125/air-pollution-aeroallergens-and-suicidality-a-review-of-the-effects-of-air-pollution-and-aeroallergens-on-suicidal-behavior-and-an-exploration-of-possible-mechanisms
#8
Renee-Marie Ragguett, Danielle S Cha, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Nicole E Carmona, Yena Lee, Duanduan Yuan, Carola Rong, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for suicide can be broadly categorized as sociodemographic, clinical and treatment. There is interest in environmental risk and protection factors for suicide. Emerging evidence suggests a link between environmental factors in the form of air pollution and aeroallergens in relation to suicidality. METHODS: Herein, we conducted a systematic review of 15 articles which have met inclusion criteria on the aforementioned effects. RESULTS: The majority of the reviewed articles reported an increased suicide risk alongside increased air pollutants or aeroallergens (i...
September 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854146/evaluation-of-the-carcinogenic-risks-at-the-influence-of-pops
#9
Aiman Nazhmetdinova, Adlet Kassymbayev, Altinay Chalginbayeva
INTRODUCTION: Kazakhstan is included in the list of environmentally vulnerable countries and Kyzylorda oblast in particular. This is due to its geographical, spatial and temporal and socioeconomic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the program "Integrated approaches in the management of public health in the Aral region", we have carried out an expertise on many samples of natural environments and products. Samples were selected in accordance with sampling procedures according to regulatory documents by specialists of the Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory...
August 30, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902632/e-cigarettes-risk-mitigation-for-smokers-or-a-public-health-disaster
#10
EDITORIAL
Peter D Sly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682789/environmental-health-disparities-in-the-central-appalachian-region-of-the-united-states
#11
REVIEW
Leigh-Anne Krometis, Julia Gohlke, Korine Kolivras, Emily Satterwhite, Susan West Marmagas, Linsey C Marr
Health disparities that cannot be fully explained by socio-behavioral factors persist in the Central Appalachian region of the United States. A review of available studies of environmental impacts on Appalachian health and analysis of recent public data indicates that while disparities exist, most studies of local environmental quality focus on the preservation of nonhuman biodiversity rather than on effects on human health. The limited public health studies available focus primarily on the impacts of coal mining and do not measure personal exposure, constraining the ability to identify causal relationships between environmental conditions and public health...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678737/functional-brain-mri-in-patients-complaining-of-electrohypersensitivity-after-long-term-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields
#12
Gunnar Heuser, Sylvia A Heuser
INTRODUCTION: Ten adult patients with electromagnetic hypersensitivity underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain scans. All scans were abnormal with abnormalities which were consistent and similar. It is proposed that fMRI brain scans be used as a diagnostic aid for determining whether or not a patient has electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Over the years we have seen an increasing number of patients who had developed multi system complaints after long term repeated exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs)...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384119/status-of-water-pollution-in-relation-to-industrialization-in-rajasthan
#13
REVIEW
Ritu Singh Rajput, Sonali Pandey, Seema Bhadauria
India is a large and densely populated country; its economy is largely agricultural. Making the best use of the country's manpower has always posed a challenge. Industrialization could become a dominant component of the economy and displace agriculture. Traditional livelihoods of occupational groups are threatened by the practice of disposing untreated industrial waste into rivers and bodies of water. These uncontrolled disposals impact local natural resources with negative long-term effects. Industrialization is the development of intellectual and financial trade that changes a predominantly rustic culture into a modern one...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306542/biomonitoring-of-danish-school-children-and-mothers-including-biomarkers-of-pbde-and-glyphosate
#14
Lisbeth E Knudsen, Pernille Winton Hansen, Seher Mizrak, Heidi K Hansen, Thit A Mørck, Flemming Nielsen, Volkert Siersma, Line Mathiesen
BACKGROUND: The Danish part of the large European Human biomonitoring pilot project Demonstration of a study to Coordinate and Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) investigated the urine, hair and blood concentrations of 66 different environmental chemicals in a group of 145 Danish school children aged 6-11 years and their mothers from rural and urban areas in autumn 2011. Some - but not all - results were published; however, the concurrence of the chemicals has not been assessed...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284039/arsenic-and-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiologic-studies
#15
REVIEW
Narges Khanjani, Abu-Bakr Jafarnejad, Leila Tavakkoli
INTRODUCTION: Arsenic is one of the heavy metals known to be a cause of cancer and many other serious human health problems. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), has classified arsenic as a Group 1 carcinogen. Studies were performed in different populations to investigate the association between arsenic and breast cancer and the present paper attempts to review these studies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Accessible electronic resources including, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Science Direct and Scopus and Google Scholar were searched, with relevant phrases up to October 30, 2016...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107173/electronic-cigarettes-and-indoor-air-quality-a-review-of-studies-using-human-volunteers
#16
REVIEW
Najihah Zainol Abidin, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Aziemah Zulkifli, Karmegam Karuppiah, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin
OBJECTIVE: This paper is primarily aimed to review articles on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) focusing on indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment that were conducted using human volunteers under natural settings that mimic actual vaping scenarios. Such studies may give a better representation of the actual potential exposure towards e-cigarettes emissions in indoor settings. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed search engine database...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076320/solid-waste-management-in-thailand-an-overview-and-case-study-tha-khon-yang-sub-district
#17
REVIEW
Nachalida Yukalang, Beverley Dawn Clarke, Kirstin Elizabeth Ross
Due to rapid urbanization, solid waste management (SWM) has become a significant issue in several developing countries including Thailand. Policies implemented by the Central Thai Government to manage SWM issues have had only limited success. This article reviews current municipal waste management plans in Thailand and examines municipal waste management at the local level, with focus on the Tha Khon Yang sub-district surrounding Mahasarakham University in Mahasarakham Province. Within two decades this area has been converted from a rural to an urban landscape featuring accommodation for over 45,000 university students and a range of business facilities...
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#18
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731859/air-pollution-and-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
Natalia Palacios
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease of unknown etiology that is thought to be caused by a complex combination of environmental and/or genetic factors. Air pollution exposure is linked to numerous adverse effects on human health, including brain inflammation and oxidative stress, processes that are believed to contribute to the development and progression of PD. This review provides an overview of recent advances in the epidemiology of air pollution and PD, including evidence of the effects of various pollutants (ozone, PM10, PM2...
July 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282297/sensemaking-stakeholder-discord-and-long-term-risk-communication-at-a-us-superfund-site
#20
Anna Goodman Hoover
INTRODUCTION: Risk communication can help reduce exposures to environmental contaminants, mitigate negative health outcomes, and inform community-based decisions about hazardous waste sites. While communication best practices have long guided such efforts, little research has examined unintended consequences arising from such guidelines. As rhetoric informs stakeholder sensemaking, the language used in and reinforced by these guidelines can challenge relationships and exacerbate stakeholder tensions...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
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