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Andrologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217940/dietary-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-induce-plasminogen-activator-activity-and-dna-damage-in-rabbit-spermatozoa
#1
A N Kokoli, S N Lavrentiadou, I A Zervos, M P Tsantarliotou, M P Georgiadis, E A Nikolaidis, N Botsoglou, C M Boscos, I A Taitzoglou
The aim of this study was to determine the effect(s) of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) on rabbit semen. Adult rabbit bucks were assigned to two groups that were given two diets, a standard diet (control) and a diet supplemented with ω-3 PUFA. Sperm samples were collected from all bucks with the use of an artificial vagina in 20-day intervals, for a total period of 120 days. The enrichment of membranes in ω-3 PUFA was manifested by the elevation of the 22:5 ω-3 (docosapentaenoic acid [DPA]) levels within 40 days...
February 20, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164351/ethanol-induced-male-infertility-effects-of-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-tetracarpidium-conophorum
#2
S F Akomolafe, G Oboh, A A Akindahunsi, A J Afolayan
This study investigated the effects of Tetracarpidium conophorum leaf extract on infertility induced by ethanol in male rats. Thirty rats were randomly divided into six groups of five animals each: Group 1 (positive control) received 0.9% saline only; Group 2 (ethanol alone) were given only 30% ethanol orally at 7 ml/kg body weight per day, thrice in a week; groups 3, 4 and 5 were given ethanol and co-treated with 50, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg body weight of leaf extract, respectively, while Group 6 was given ethanol and co-treated with a fertility drug, clomiphene citrate...
February 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133775/review-on-arsenic-induced-toxicity-in-male-reproductive-system-and-its-amelioration
#3
REVIEW
M Zubair, M Ahmad, Z I Qureshi
Arsenic is an environmental toxicant which causes mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic defects. It is used as herbicide, fungicide and rodenticide and results in contamination of air, soil and water. Arsenic is also produced through burning of coal industries. The sludge of factories contaminates the fodder and drinking source of water of human and livestock. Arsenic binds thiol groups in tissue proteins and impairs the function of the proteins. This metal affects the mitochondrial enzymes and interrupts the production of energy...
January 30, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133770/in-vitro-antioxidant-effect-of-curcumin-on-human-sperm-quality-in-leucocytospermia
#4
L Zhang, R Y Diao, Y G Duan, T H Yi, Z M Cai
Decreased sperm quality was caused by oxidative stress in semen from patients with leucocytospermia. Curcumin is a traditional Chinese herbal monomer extracted from Zingiberaceae turmeric and zedoary turmeric and has antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. This study aimed to investigate the effects and specific molecular mechanisms of curcumin on sperm quality in patients diagnosed with leucocytospermia. Forty cases of semen samples were collected from patients with leucocytospermia and 35 cases from normal fertile male...
January 30, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124482/nucleotide-composition-and-codon-usage-bias-of-sry-gene
#5
M N Choudhury, A Uddin, S Chakraborty
The SRY gene is present within the sex-determining region of the Y chromosome which is responsible for maleness in mammals. The nonuniform usage of synonymous codons in the mRNA transcript for encoding a particular amino acid is the codon usage bias (CUB). Analysis of codon usage pattern is important to understand the genetic and molecular organisation of a gene. It also helps in heterologous gene expression, design of primer and synthetic gene. However, the analysis of codon usage bias of SRY gene was not yet studied...
January 26, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124476/oxidative-stress-status-and-sperm-dna-fragmentation-in-fertile-and-infertile-men
#6
M Dorostghoal, S R Kazeminejad, N Shahbazian, M Pourmehdi, A Jabbari
Evidence suggests that disturbing the balance between reactive oxygen species levels and antioxidant contents in seminal plasma leads to oxidative stress resulting in male infertility. This study was carried out to identifying clinical significance of seminal oxidative stress and sperm DNA fragmentation in treatment strategies of male infertility in southwest Iran. Sperm parameters, lipid peroxidation and activity of antioxidant enzymes were assessed in fertile (n = 105) and infertile (n = 112) men. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in seminal plasma were found to be higher significantly (p < ...
January 26, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124472/metabonomic-analysis-of-fatty-acids-in-seminal-plasma-between-healthy-and-asthenozoospermic-men-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#7
B Tang, X Shang, H Qi, J Li, B Ma, G An, Q Zhang
The mechanism of asthenozoospermia remains unclear. The knowledge of the metabolism of fatty acids in seminal plasma is important and meaningful for the pathological study of asthenozoospermia. We present an optimised assay of extraction and derivatisation followed by GC/MS to analyse metabolites, especially fatty acids, in seminal plasma from healthy and asthenozoospermic men. Eighty-nine peaks including 17 kinds of fatty acids were analysed and identified in the chromatogram. The GC/MS data were analysed using t test, fold change and partial least squares discriminant analysis to explore the potential biomarkers of asthenozoospermia...
January 26, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124386/quantitative-changes-in-testicular-structure-and-function-in-rat-exposed-to-mobile-phone-radiation
#8
M Çetkin, N Kızılkan, C Demirel, Z Bozdağ, S Erkılıç, H Erbağcı
The possible effects of the electromagnetic fields (EMF) generated by mobile phones on reproductive functions have been discussed in recent years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of EMF emitted from mobile phones on the rat testis morphology and histopathology using stereological techniques. We also investigated cortisol, testosterone, FSH and LH levels. A total of thirty-two (n = 32) male Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Animals were randomly divided into four groups as control (C, n = 8), sham (Sh, n = 8), mobile phone speech (Sp, n = 8) and mobile phone standby (ST by)...
January 26, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102023/6-gingerol-rich-fraction-prevents-disruption-of-histomorphometry-and-marker-enzymes-of-testicular-function-in-carbendazim-treated-rats
#9
M Salihu, B O Ajayi, I A Adedara, E O Farombi
Previous investigations demonstrated that 6-gingerol-rich fraction (6-GRF) prevented testicular toxicity via inhibition of oxidative stress and endocrine disruption in CBZ-treated rats. The influence of 6-GRF on alterations in histomorphometry and marker enzymes of testicular function in CBZ-treated rats which hitherto has not been reported was investigated in this study. The animals were orally administered either CBZ (50 mg/kg) alone or in combination with 6-GRF (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) for 14 consecutive days...
January 19, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078721/use-of-the-fluorescent-dye-tetramethylrhodamine-methyl-ester-perchlorate-for-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-assessment-in-human-spermatozoa
#10
P Uribe, J V Villegas, R Boguen, F Treulen, R Sánchez, P Mallmann, V Isachenko, G Rahimi, E Isachenko
Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) is an indicator of sperm quality and its evaluation complements the standard semen analysis. The fluorescent dye JC-1 has been widely used to assess sperm ΔΨm; however, some problems have been detected under certain experimental conditions. Another fluorescent compound, tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester perchlorate (TMRM), has been used in somatic cells and bovine spermatozoa but not in human spermatozoa. TMRM accumulates in hyperpolarised mitochondria and the fluorescence intensity of this compound correlates with ΔΨm...
January 11, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032361/relationship-between-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-mycoplasma-genitalium-infection-and-pregnancy-rate-and-outcome-in-iranian-infertile-couples
#11
L Dehghan Marvast, A Aflatoonian, A R Talebi, A Eley, A A Pacey
The study was performed to investigate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma genitalium in a population of infertile couples from Iran and how this relates to tubal factor infertility, pregnancy rate and outcome of pregnancy. Blood, semen and first-void urine samples were obtained from 250 infertile couples and 250 fertile women as a control. Infertile couples were followed up after 24 months to determine diagnosis, referral for assisted conception, any pregnancy and pregnancy outcome. Data were analysed with regard to the results of (i) serological analysis for specific antibodies to C...
December 29, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026037/relative-contributions-of-testosterone-deficiency-and-metabolism-syndrome-at-the-risk-of-reduced-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-mid-aged-and-elderly-men
#12
X R Qing, C C Wan, X J Shang, H G Li, C L Xiong, X X Zhan, D S Mo, H C Cai, H P Zhang, H T Guan, X B Kong, Y P Chen, T H Liu, B J Hao, S Y Zong
Testosterone deficiency and metabolism syndrome (MetS) are universal among ageing males, and they have been suggested responsible for poorer quality of life (QoL). We aimed to evaluate the relative contributions of reproductive hormones and components of MetS at the risk of reduced QoL among Chinese mid-aged and elderly men. A cross-sectional study recruited 2,364 males aged 40-79 years, and 2,165 was included for analysis eventually. The Chinese version of ageing male symptoms scale, 36-item Short Form and Beck Depression Inventory were applied to assess QoL...
December 27, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000970/evaluation-of-serum-level-of-osteocalcin-hormone-in-male-infertility
#13
A A M El-Kamshoushi, E M Hassan, P S Hassaan
The suggested concept of "bone as an endocrine organ" had shed the light on the role of osteocalcin, an osteoblast secreted hormone, in regulation of testosterone production. This study aimed to assess the association between the active undercarboxylated form of osteocalcin (ucOC) and semen parameters and hormonal levels in infertile male patients. The study was carried on 34 infertile male patients and 20 fertile healthy control males. Semen analysis and serum level of testosterone, LH and FSH were performed in addition to serum level of ucOC in cases and controls...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000967/decrease-in-bovine-in-vitro-embryo-production-efficiency-during-winter-season-in-a-warm-summer-mediterranean-climate
#14
C Cheuquemán, P Loren, M Arias, J Risopatrón, R Felmer, J Álvarez, T Mogas, R Sánchez
Retrospective analysis of monthly embryo production from December 2011 to May 2015 and its correlation with meteorological data in our geographic zone was made. We had observed that in certain time of the year, in vitro blastocyst production decreases. Accordingly, was examined the association between blastocyst production and climatological parameters. Cleavage rates correlate positively with blastocyst rates (p < .05). Significant differences in cleavage rates between autumn and summer (79.8%; 71.5%), and between winter and autumn (71...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000956/blood-and-semen-paraoxonase-arylesterase-activities-in-normozoospermic-and-azoospermic-men
#15
M Gulum, K Gumus, E Yeni, E Dogantekin, H Ciftci, Y Akin, M Savas, A Altunkol
Paraoxonase and arylesterase enzymes are corner stones of antioxidant defence. We aimed to compare azoospermic infertile men and normozoospermic individuals with respect to total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), paraoxonase and arylesterase levels in the blood and seminal plasma. Two-hundred consecutive infertility patients and voluntarily participated were included. In the normozoospermic group, TAS, PON, arylesterase values were statistically significantly higher when compared with those in the azoospermic group, while lower TOS and OSI levels were observed in the blood and seminal plasma of azoospermic group...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000947/a-potential-mechanism-associated-with-lead-induced-testicular-toxicity-in-rats
#16
M A El-Magd, K A Kahilo, N E Nasr, T Kamal, M Shukry, A A Saleh
This study was conducted to investigate the mechanism of lead (Pb)-induced testicular toxicity. We examined the impact of Pb toxicity on 17β-oestradiol (E2), oestrogen receptors (ERs) and aromatase P450 which are key factors in spermatogenesis. Treatment of rats with Pb acetate (PbAc, 50 mg/L in drinking water) significantly reduced sperm count, motility, viability and increased sperm abnormalities along with degenerative changes in seminiferous tubules and Leydig cells. Additionally, administration of PbAc resulted in a significant reduction in serum testosterone, serum and testicular E2 as well as increased level of testicular testosterone...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000945/histopathological-and-biochemical-comparisons-of-the-protective-effects-of-amifostine-and-l-carnitine-against-radiation-induced-acute-testicular-toxicity-in-rats
#17
T Aktoz, M Caloglu, V Yurut-Caloglu, O Yalcin, N Aydogdu, D Nurlu, E Arda, O Inci
The aim of this study was to compare the radioprotective efficacies of amifostine (AMI) and l-carnitine (LC) against radiation-induced acute testicular damage. Thirty Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control (n = 6), AMI plus radiotherapy (RT) (n = 8), LC plus RT (n = 8) and RT group (n = 8). The rats were irradiated with a single dose of 20 Gy to the scrotal field. LC (300 mg/kg) and AMI (200 mg/kg) were given intraperitoneally 30 min before irradiation. The mean seminiferous tubule diameters (MSTDs) were calculated...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000943/effects-of-treatment-with-hypoxis-hemerocallidea-extract-on-sexual-behaviour-and-reproductive-parameters-in-male-rats
#18
S Tiya, C R Sewani-Rusike, M Shauli
Hypoxis hemerocallidea is used in traditional medicine in South Africa, for the treatment of male reproductive ailments and various chronic illnesses. Despite chronic use, its effects on male reproductive system are unknown. Male Wistar rats were treated orally daily for 28 (n = 18) and 56 days (n = 18). Treatment groups (n = 6/group) per treatment period were as follows: untreated control, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg 70% ethanolic extract of H. hemerocallidea. Sexual behaviour observations were performed on days 17 and 42 of the study...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000929/in-vitro-reprotoxicity-of-carboxyl-functionalised-single-and-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-human-spermatozoa
#19
Z Aminzadeh, M Jamalan, L Chupani, H Lenjannezhadian, M A Ghaffari, M Aberomand, M Zeinali
Reproductive toxicity of carboxyl-functionalised carbon nanotubes (CNT-COOH), as the most commonly used form of water-soluble CNTs, is not clearly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro toxicity of carboxylated single-walled and multi-walled CNTs (SWCNT-COOH and MWCNT-COOH) against human spermatozoa. Sperm cells from healthy donors were incubated with 0.1-100 μg/ml of SWCNT-COOH or MWCNT-COOH at 37°C for up to 5 hr. Viability of sperm cells was assessed using MTT test, and sperm motility was evaluated following World Health Organization guideline...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000927/does-detection-of-ddx4-mrna-in-cell-free-seminal-plasma-represents-a-reliable-noninvasive-germ-cell-marker-in-patients-with-nonobstructive-azoospermia
#20
W Abdallah, D Hashad, R Abdelmaksoud, M M Hashad
This study aimed to investigate the potential application of DDX4 gene expression in cell-free seminal mRNA as a noninvasive biomarker for the identification of the presence of germ cells in men with nonobstructive azoospermia and to correlate this factor with testicular biopsy. Male reproductive organ-specific genes were chosen: DDX4, which is a germ cell-specific gene and transglutaminase 4, which is a prostate-specific gene that was used as a control gene. Thirty-nine azoospermic males and twenty-eight normospermic fertile males (serving as a control group) participated in the study...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
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