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Y Niu, C Zhou, H Xu, D Wang, Y Chen, Z Li, T Wang, G Pokhrel, D W Wang, J Liu
Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition characterised by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with anosmia or hyposmia. More than nineteen genes causing KS have been reported to date. KAL1, first identified to causing the X-linked form of KS, accounts for 10%-20% of KS patients. In this study, we designed a panel including 17 known genes causing KS for genetic diagnosis and research and report a typical and rare family of which three generations had been affected by KS. A novel CNV in Xp22...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
T R Huang, G C Wang, H M Zhang, B Peng
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common male malignancies in the world. It was aimed to investigate differential expression of inflammatory and related factors in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer (PCa), histological prostatitis (HP) and explore the role of Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), (VEGF) Vascular endothelial growth factor, androgen receptor (AR) and IL-2, IL-8 and TNF-α in the occurrence and development of prostate cancer. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression level of iNOS, VEGF, AR and IL-2, IL-8 and TNF-α in BPH, PCa and BPH+HP...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
F F Abdel Hamid, A F Soliman, F E S Lashin
This study was designed to assess the relationship between serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in chronic kidney disease male patients. For that, serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D and anti-Müllerian hormone along with follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, prolactin, total testosterone and estradiol were assayed in 59 patients with different stages of chronic kidney disease and 21 healthy participants. Compared to controls, serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone and 25-hydroxy vitamin D were significantly decreased in patients with chronic kidney disease...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
O Batiha, S Haifawi, M Al-Smadi, G J Burghel, Z Naber, A M Elbetieha, K Bodoor, A Al Sumadi, S Swaidat, Y Jarun, A Abdelnour
Assisted reproductive technology is a common procedure which helps millions of couples who suffer fertility problems worldwide every year. Screening for genetic abnormalities prior to such procedure is very important to prevent the transmission of harmful genetic mutations to future generations. Microdeletions within the azoospermia factor (AZF) region of the Y chromosome and the expansion of the CAG trinucleotides in the androgen receptor (AR) gene are among the susceptible causes of male infertility in different ethnic groups...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
M Amin, M Razi, F Sarrafzadeh-Rezaei, A Shalizar Jalali, G Najafi
The aim of this study was to uncover the protective effect of berberine (BBR), an antioxidant chemical, on experimental varicocele (VCL)-induced adverse effects on cell cycle machinery during early germ cells mitosis. To follow-up this study, 30 mature male Wistar rats were divided into control-sham, nontreated VCL, 50 mg kg-1and 100 mg kg-1BBR-treated VCL groups. Following 60 days, histological alterations were analysed by haematoxylin and eosin (H and E) staining, and expressions of cyclin-D1, cyclin-dependent kinase-4 (cdk4) and p21 were investigated by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining technique...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
I Ahmed, S Abdelateef, M Laqqan, H Amor, M A Abdel-Lah, M E Hammadeh
The purpose of this study was to determine influence of extended incubation time on sperm chromatin condensation and DNA strand breaks and their effect on fertilisation rate. Forty couples undergoing ICSI therapy were included. Semen was prepared by PureSperm gradient centrifugation and divided into two parts. The first part (G1) was used immediately for ICSI, whereas the second part (G2) was kept in the incubator at 37°C, 5% and 90% Humidity for 5 hr, and thereafter, the capacitated spermatozoa were used for ICSI...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
X Chen
Testosterone propionate-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats is a common model that is widely used in studies of the effects and molecular mechanisms of drugs designed to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. RT-qPCR is a widely used technique in gene expression studies. Proper normalisation is critical for accurate expression analysis. Currently, no validated reference genes are available for RT-qPCR in rat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Given that microRNAs regulate mRNA expression at the post-transcriptional level, they are usually studied together...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
C Cebi Sen, N Yumusak, H I Atilgan, M Sadic, G Koca, M Korkmaz
This study was designed to investigate the potential radioprotective impact of melatonin on the testicular tissue and sperm quality in rat given radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups as untreated control (Group 1); oral radioiodine group (RAI, 111 MBq, administrated rats); and RAI+melatonin group (oral radioiodine and intraperitoneal 12 mg/kg/day melatonin, starting 2 days before and continuing for 1 week after oral RAI administration)...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
S A Lone, J K Prasad, S K Ghosh, G K Das, B Balamurugan, M R Verma
This investigation was carried out to study the correlation of sperm quality parameters with antioxidant and oxidant status of buffalo bull semen during various stages of cryopreservation. Semen samples were evaluated for sperm parameters (mass motility [MM], concentration [CON], progressive motility [PM], viability [VIB], acrosomal integrity [AI] and hypo-osmotic swelling [HOS] response), antioxidants (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione peroxidase [GPx] and total antioxidant capacity [TAC]) and oxidants (Lipid peroxidation [LPO] and reactive oxygen species [ROS]) at fresh, pre-freeze and post-thaw stages...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
K S L Mileski, M Bottaro, L G Grossi-Porto, A Lofrano-Porto
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is a rare disorder characterised by impaired testosterone secretion since birth, and represents a valuable model for studying the effects of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in humans. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate all health-related physical fitness (HRPF) components and quality of life in a series of eight men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism under regular TRT. The study group was compared to a control group of 16 healthy subjects paired for age, body mass index and physical activity...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
Y Li, Y H Li, X Zhou, B Wu, J P Chen, Z K Wang, X Wang, H J Shi, R S Li
The relationship of altered DNA 5'-hydroxymethylation in human spermatozoa with seminal parameters remains unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the 5'-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) rate in the promoters of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and homeobox C4 (HoxC4) genes and human sperm concentration/motility. The study population consisted of three groups: asthenozoospermia (AZ), oligoasthenozoospermia (OAZ) and normozoospermia (NZ). The 5hmC rate in the promoter was measured by CCGG loci-dependent MspI/HpaII restriction mapping of glycosylation-modified sperm DNA combined with a hydroxymethylation-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction assay...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
N Javdan, S A Ayatollahi, M Iqbal Choudhary, S Al-Hasani, H Pazoki-Toroudi
Testicular torsion-related oxidative stress causes a sequential chain of DNA damage, lipid peroxidation and cell death that leads to the derangement in the sperm functions and infertility. Capsaicin that has been applied for pain relief and cancer prevention possesses antioxidant properties which can be exploited to confer cell survival under ischaemic testis damage. Wistar male rats weighing 150-200 g were randomly divided into four groups: (i) sham group (all procedures except torsion of testis), (ii) ischaemia group (TT group), (iii) three TT groups treated with different dose of capsaicin (TT + different doses of Cap) and (iv) three control groups treated with different doses of capsaicin (100, 500 and 1000 ug/ml)...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
S Kaul, H Kaur, S K S Vats, J Chawla, R Jindal, P Khetarpal
Conventional cytogenetics has always been a favourite to detect chromosomal aberrations. Carriers of chromosomal translocation are often phenotypically normal but are infertile. Couples are often advised to go for karyotyping, but culture failure or improper metaphase spread with poor banding often makes the analysis difficult. We report here a novel translocation between short arm of chromosome 4 and long arm of chromosome 6 in an infertile man using an advanced molecular cytogenetic technique of Interphase Chromosome Profiling (ICP)...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
G Türk, A Rişvanlı, A O Çeribaşı, M Sönmez, A Yüce, M Güvenç, H Arslan Özkan, N Canlı, M Yaman
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on some reproductive characteristics, testicular and pancreatic oxidative status and pancreatic endocrine receptor densities of male offspring at post-pubertal stage. A total of 36 1-day-old Wistar Albino male offspring including 12 pups of nontreated mothers (control group), 14 pups of 40 mg/kg STZ-injected mothers (STZ-40 group) and 10 pups of 60 mg/kg STZ-injected mothers (STZ-60 group) were used. The offspring were euthanised on post-natal day 60, their blood, reproductive organs and pancreatic tissues were obtained and examined...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
M Gul, M S Bugday, O Erel
Oxidative stress is the most common factor leading to infertility in men with varicocele. Reactive oxygen species and other markers of oxidative stress are measured to predict the extent of oxidative stress. Thiol groups are important antioxidants and essential molecules protecting organism against the harmful effects of reactive oxygen species. Thiol-disulphide homoeostasis is a unique, easy and new method to demonstrate oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to determine thiol-disulphide homoeostasis as an oxidative stress marker in infertile men with varicocele...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
F Gevrek, Ç Biçer, M Kara, F Erdemir
Torsion/detorsion (T/D) induces testicular damages in both germinal epithelial and interstitial tissues. Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) exerts antioxidant and free radical scavenger. We investigated the effect of GbE on testicular tissues, Leydig and sperm cells in rats injured with T/D. Twenty-eight Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned into four groups (Control, GbE, Treatment: T/D+GbE, T/D). T/D performed to the rats in torsion, treatment received GbE (50 mg/kg) 1 hr before T/D, GbE group received only GbE (50 mg/kg) and control was defined as sham group...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
F Avdatek, D Yeni, M E İnanç, B Çil, B P Tuncer, R Türkmen, U Taşdemir
The aim of this study was to identify the effects of adding quercetin (Q) to Tris extender in order to identify levels of oxidative stress in bull sperm after freeze thawing. Ejaculates were collected via artificial vagina from Holstein bulls. Semen was divided into five tools and diluted to a final concentration of 15 × 106 spermatozoa/ml with the Tris extender containing Q (25, 50, 100 and 200 μg/ml) and no additive (control; C). All examples were equilibrated at 4°C during 4 hr then were loaded into 0...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
R Aslankoc, N Gumral, M Saygin, N Senol, H Asci, F N Cankara, S Comlekci
This study investigated the long-term effects of electric fields (EF) which might cause physiopathological or morphological changes in the testis tissues of rats. We assumed that using resveratrol (RES) might reduce harmful effects of the EF. Thirty-two male Wistar Albino rats were randomly divided into four groups with eight animals in each; control, EF, EF + RES and RES. Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and histopathological parameters were evaluated in testis tissue...
February 6, 2018: Andrologia
E Tvrdá, C López-Fernández, P Sánchez-Martín, J Gosálvez
Static assessment of sperm DNA Fragmentation (SDF at the time of ejaculation or sperm thawing when cryopreserved) and the dynamic assessment of SDF (SDF assessed after T2 hr, T6 hr and T24 hr of sperm thawing) were used to establish cut-off values associated with sperm donors when compared with closely related normozoospermic patients. Cryopreserved samples from donors revealed SDF levels two times lower in comparison with the patients. Donor sperm DNA exhibited a 2.5 times higher longevity when compared with the patients...
February 2, 2018: Andrologia
S M Hanafy, H H Sabry, J H Sabry, A M Hamed
Metabolic syndrome represents a collection of cardiovascular risk factors, including overweight, hypertension, dyslipidemia and impaired glucose metabolism, with insulin resistance. In recent years, the potential relationship between metabolic syndrome and male factor infertility has been studied. As endothelial dysfunction is the hallmark of metabolic syndrome, the aim of this work was to assess serum levels of YKL-40 as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in male patients with idiopathic infertility. The study revealed that YKL-40 levels were elevated in patients than controls denoting that endothelial dysfunction might play a role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic infertility and that YKL-40 as a marker of endothelial dysfunction could be a useful marker of idiopathic infertility...
February 2, 2018: Andrologia
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