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Z Zhang, Z Xu, Y Dai, Y Chen
Homocysteine is an amino acid that is produced from the metabolic demethylation of dietary methionine. It has gained arising attention for its association with increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and venous thromboembolism. Erectile dysfunction (ED), especially for vasculogenic ED, is a vascular disorder of cavernosal vascular bed. In this prospective pilot case-control study, we investigated plasma homocysteine levels in 32 ED patients and 20 healthy control men. Related patients characteristics including age, weight, height, marital status, smoking and drinking status, level of education were collected and analysed as well as penile colour Doppler ultrasound parameters...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
M Marcou, V Perst, C Cacchi, M Lehnhardt, T-A Vögeli
Physicians will be rarely confronted with epididymal tumours. These represent only 5% of intrascrotal tumours and are mostly (75%) benign. We report the case of a 50-year-old white male who was presented with a 5-year history of a slow-growing, left scrotal mass, noted through self-examination. Ultrasound study of the scrotum identified a well-circumscribed paratesticular mass. On inguinal surgical exploration, a solid, encapsulated, grey-white mass at the tail of the left epididymis was identified and excised, with intra-operative pathological consultation showing no signs of malignancy...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
M Zeinali, A Hadian Amree, H Khorramdelazad, H Karami, M Abedinzadeh
Varicocele is one of causes of the declined sperm quality and low sperm production, which can lead to infertility in males. There are several experimental and epidemiological findings which support the idea that inflammatory mechanisms play an essential role in varicocele pathogenesis. Besides, in this pathological state, interleukin-37 (IL-37) as an anti-inflammatory cytokine is able to bind interleukin-18-binding protein (IL-18BP), and subsequently binds IL-18 receptor β, inhibiting the pro-inflammatory activity of IL-18...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
A M Mahran, D A Elgamal, H H Ghafeer, S A Abdel-Maksoud, A A Farrag
The study aimed to compare the histological features of Leydig cells and macrophages in the testicular interstitium of obstructive versus nonobstructive azoospermia. Thirty-nine azoospermic men undergoing testicular sperm extraction during intracytoplasmic sperm injection were allocated into obstructive azoospermia group (GI) and nonobstructive azoospermia group (GII) which was subdivided into Sertoli cell-only syndrome (GIIA), germ cell arrest (GIIB) and hypospermatogenesis (GIIC) subgroups. Serum LH, FSH and testosterone levels were measured...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Y-W Sha, L Ding, J-X Wu, S-B Lin, X Wang, Z-Y Ji, P Li
Spermatozoa morphology, an important parameter in a semen specimen's potential fertility evaluation, is a significant factor for in vitro fertilisation in assisted reproductive technology. Eleven sterile men with headless spermatozoa, a type of human teratozoospermia, are presented. Their ejaculates' headless spermatozoa percentages were high with rare normal spermatozoa forms. Additionally, abnormal morphology (e.g. round-headed or microcephalic spermatozoa) was also found. Spermatozoa motility was somewhat affected, potentially because of the missing mitochondrial sheath at the sperm tail base...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Y-X Kang, Y-J Wang, Q Zhang, X-H Pang, W Gu
Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a disorder caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA. Here, we report an unusual case of Kearns-Sayre syndrome accompanied by hypopituitarism (deficiencies in reproductive and growth hormones). A 20-year-old male presented with growth retardation for the last 8 years, as well as the following findings: short stature, delayed puberty, myasthenia, an extraocular movement deficit, drooping eyelids, pectus carinatum and scoliosis. Cerebral enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed dysplasias of the pituitary, white matter and cerebellum...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
S A H Shah, S M H Andrabi, I Z Qureshi
Effects of curcumin as antioxidant in extender were evaluated on freezability of buffalo spermatozoa. Semen from each of the five bulls (n = 3 replicates, six ejaculates/bull, a total of 30 ejaculates) was diluted in Tris-citric acid extender containing curcumin (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 or 2.0 mM) or control. At pre-freezing and post-thawing, total antioxidant contents (μM/L) and lipid peroxidation levels (μM/ml) were higher (p < .05) and lower (p < .05) respectively, with 1.5 and 2.0 mM compared to 0...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
G Kilciler, M Kilciler, M Kadihasanoglu, O Atahan
Priapism is a rare but severe urological emergency of erection of penis in the absence of physical and psychological sexual stimulation. Priapism is often idiopathic and is commonly associated with medications and underlying medical or traumatic causes. In this report, we present a case of a 70-year-old White Caucasian man who developed priapism after the administration of ondansetron, which is a selective serotonin type-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist. This case is unique, because, to date, there are only two presented cases in literature...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
T Ajina, A Sallem, Z Haouas, M Mehdi
The aim of this study was to assess the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in infertile men with asthenozoospermia and asthenoteratozoospermia compared to fertile donors, and to examine the effect of zinc on sperm lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in infertile and fertile men. Semen samples provided by infertile men (n = 38) and fertile donors (controls; n = 12) were exposed to 6 mmol/L of zinc for 2 hr at 37°C. After semen analysis, lipid peroxidation was detected by MDA assay and seminal TAC was assessed by colorimetric method using TAS (total antioxidant status) Kit...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
M Zubair, M Ahmad, M K Saleemi, S T Gul, N Ahmad, S Umar
The objective of this study was to investigate the toxic effects of arsenic on testicular measurements and histology of adult Teddy goats bucks and to examine whether these toxic effects are scavenged by vitamin E. Twelve adult Teddy goat bucks were divided randomly into three groups, A, B and C. Group A was kept as control, the B was given sodium arsenite 5 mg/kg BW per day, and group C was fed with vitamin E 200 mg/kg BW per day + arsenic 5 mg/kg BW per day. This treatment was continued for 84 days. Analysis of data revealed that the testicular measurements (scrotal circumference, width, length and weight) were significantly reduced in arsenic-treated animals, whereas there were ameliorating effects of vitamin E on these parameters...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
C C Arraztoa, M H Miragaya, M G Chaves, V L Trasorras, M C Gambarotta, C H Péndola, D M Neild
The aims of this study were to evaluate porcine sperm vitrification in cryoloops, with and without two different cryoprotectants and assess two warming procedures. Extended (n = 3; r = 4) and raw (n = 5; r = 2) semen was diluted in media without and with cryoprotectants (4% dimethylformamide and 4% glycerol) to a final concentration of 20 × 10(6) spermatozoa ml(-1) and vitrified using the cryoloops method. Two warming procedures were evaluated: rapid method (30 s at 37°C) and an ultra-rapid method (7 s at 75°C, followed by 30 s at 37°C)...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
T Mirzapour, T A B Tengku Ibrahim, M Movahedin, M R Nowroozi
Destruction of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) along the chemotherapy and radiotherapy is one of the side effects of cancer treatments that lead to infertility. In vitro propagation of hSSCs is necessary to obtain an adequate number of cells for successful transplantation. In this study, hSSCs were isolated from testis biopsies of the patients with maturation arrest and proliferated in DMEM in the presence of LIF and bFGF for 5 weeks. The various types of human spermatogonia were identified in culture system and compared with testis tissue using morphological criteria at the ultrastructural level...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
S Gholirad, M Razi, H Hassani Bafrani
This study was designed to evaluate how varicocele (VCL) can time dependently induce zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) toxicity in testicular tissue and to analyse the relation between heavy metals toxicity and lipid peroxidation, sperm DNA damage, nitrosative and carbonyl stresses. Twenty-four mature male Wistar rats were divided into control-sham and test groups, which were then submitted to experimentally induced VCL. Non-VCL-induced rats were considered as control-sham. The test groups were subdivided into three groups based on the sample collecting date (2, 6 and 8 months after VCL induction)...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
A Oral, Z Halici, Y Bayir, A Topcu, H Un, A O Bilgin, H T Atmaca
The purpose of this study was to examine potential long-term post-torsion changes that can occur in the histopathology, biochemistry and spermatogenesis of both torsioned and nontorsioned opposite testes. The study also determines the effect of zinc (Zn) administration on the testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D) damage on both testes. Forty-eight male rats, divided equally into eight groups: (SHAM), (SHAM+,Zn+), (T/D+, Zn- 1 month), (T/D+,Zn- 2 months), (T/D+,Zn- 3 months), (T/D+,Zn+ 1 months), (T/D+,Zn+ 2 months), (T/D+,Zn+ 3 months), have been used...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
M Kadihasanoglu, M Kilciler, G Kilciler, U Yucetas, E Erkan, E Karabay, M G Toktas, M Kendirci
The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitamin B12 levels are associated with premature ejaculation (PE). A total of 109 subjects (56 PE and 53 controls) were included in this study. PE was defined as self-reported intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV criteria and those who had had an IELT of <2 min was considered as PE. All participants were evaluated using premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
J de la Torre, P Sánchez-Martín, J Gosálvez, F Crespo
Sperm quality was assessed in normozoospermic human (n = 10) and Spanish breed stallion (n = 10) after sperm fractionation during ejaculation. The first ejaculated fraction was separated from the second. A third sample was reconstituted using equivalent proportion of both fractions (RAW). Fraction 1, Fraction 2 and RAW semen were incubated for 30 min at 37°C to homogenise the impact of iatrogenic damage between both species. Sperm concentration, motility and sperm DNA damage were assessed in each fraction and RAW semen...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
E Yuruk, A W Pastuszak, J M Suggs, A Colakerol, E C Serefoglu
There are few data describing the relationship between seminal vesicle (SV) size and duration of abstinence between ejaculations. This study evaluates the association between SV size and duration of abstinence from ejaculation using pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sexually active men 18-68 years old who underwent pelvic MRI for various medical indications were included. The date of last ejaculation was recorded, and the cross-sectional areas of the right and left seminal vesicles were calculated separately using mediolateral and anteroposterior measurements on T2-weighted MRI images...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
H El Bardisi, A Majzoub, S Al Said, H Alnawasra, Z Dabbous, M Arafa
Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) is the most common chromosomal abnormality in men with infertility and hypogonadism. Although its influence on fertility has been extensively investigated, very few studies assessed the sexual function of patients with KS. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with KS and investigate possible aetiological factors for reported findings. Medical records of 53 patients with KS were retrospectively reviewed and compared to 75 age-matched control subjects who were prospectively recruited...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
F Bozkaya, M O Atli, A Guzeloglu, S A Kayis, M E Yildirim, E Kurar, R Yilmaz, N Aydilek
The aim was to investigate the effects of long-term heat stress and dietary restriction on the expression of certain genes involving in steroidogenic pathway and small heat-shock proteins (sHSPs) in rat testis. Sprague Dawley rats (n = 24) were equally divided into four groups. Group I and II were kept at an ambient temperature of 22°C, while Groups III and IV were reared at 38°C for 9 weeks. Feed was freely available for Group I and Group III, while Group II and Group IV were fed 60% of the diet consumed by their ad libitum counterparts...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
H Nandeesha, A Eldhose, L N Dorairajan, B Anandhi
Elevated iron, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and hypoadiponectinemia are known to initiate tumour development. There is paucity of data regarding the above-mentioned parameters and their relation with prostate size in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The present study was designed to assess the levels of iron, hs-CRP and adiponectin levels and their association with prostate size in BPH patients. A total of 37 BPH cases and 36 controls were enrolled in the study. Iron, hs-CRP and adiponectin were estimated in both the groups...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
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