journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Theriogenology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778922/interval-of-gonadotropin-administration-for-in-vitro-embryo-production-from-oocytes-collected-from-holstein-calves-between-2-and-6-months-of-age-by-repeated-laparoscopy
#1
Hernan Baldassarre, Luke Currin, Laura Michalovic, Anne-Marie Bellefleur, Karina Gutierrez, Rafael G Mondadori, Werner G Glanzner, Yasmin Schuermann, Rodrigo C Bohrer, Naomi Dicks, Rosalba Lopez, François-Xavier Grand, Christian Vigneault, Patrick Blondin, Jim Gourdon, Vilceu Bordignon
Laparoscopic Ovum Pick-Up (LOPU) in calves followed by in vitro embryo production (IVEP) and transfer (ET) into adult recipients has great potential for accelerated genetic gain through shortening of the generation interval. In this study, 11 Holstein calves were subjected to up to six LOPU procedures between the ages of 2-6 months at 2-3 weeks interval. In all cases, the animals received a CIDR 5 days prior to LOPU and were gonadotropin-stimulated starting at 72 h before LOPU using one of three protocols that were rotated twice among the animals during the study...
May 17, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777964/protection-of-gnrh-analogue-by-chitosan-dextran-sulfate-nanoparticles-for-intravaginal-application-in-rabbit-artificial-insemination
#2
L Casares-Crespo, P Fernández-Serrano, M P Viudes-de-Castro
The present study was designed to prove new rabbit insemination extenders containing aminopeptidase inhibitors (AMIs) with or without chitosan (CS)-dextran sulfate (DS) nanoparticles entrapping the GnRH analogue. In addition, different hormone concentrations were tested in these extenders, evaluating their in vivo effect on rabbit reproductive performance after artificial insemination. A total of 911 females were inseminated with semen diluted with the four experimental extenders (C4 group: 4 μg buserelin/doe in control medium (Tris-citric acid-glucose supplemented with bestatin 10 μM and EDTA 20 mM), C5 group: 5 μg of buserelin/doe in control medium, Q4 group: 4 μg of buserelin/doe into CS-DS nanoparticles in control medium, Q5 group: 5 μg of busereline/doe into CS-DS nanoparticles in control medium)...
May 16, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777963/red-wolf-canis-rufus-sperm-quality-and-quantity-is-affected-by-semen-collection-method-extender-components-and-post-thaw-holding-temperature
#3
Ashley D Franklin, William T Waddell, Karen L Goodrowe
Cryopreserving genetic resources is becoming increasingly important for species management. In the zoo-based red wolf (Canis rufus) population, inbreeding continues to increase in the absence of new founders. Through banking sperm, we preserve genetic diversity and create the ability to decrease inbreeding accumulation in the future. The quality and quantity of banked sperm can be affected by cryopreservation media and semen collection methods. This study's objectives were to further optimize semen extender used for red wolf sperm cryopreservation, investigate effects of post-thaw holding temperature, and to determine if urethral catheterization is an effective method for semen collection in this species...
May 16, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784463/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-profiling-in-prepubertal-horses-and-its-relationship-with-gonadal-function
#4
Dragos Scarlet, Manuela Wulf, Juliane Kuhl, Martin Köhne, Natascha Ille, Alan J Conley, Christine Aurich
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) has gained increasing interest as a biomarker for assessment of gonadal activity. The ability to predict the ovarian follicular reserve of prepubertal female horses (fillies) or to identify stallions with testicular pathologies already during their prepubertal life has not been analyzed so far. Both would help to select fertile horses and reduce costs associated with keeping animals. The objectives of the present study were to (1) assess AMH, LH, FSH, progesterone (females) and testosterone (males) dynamics in prepubertal horses from birth onwards and (2) determine whether AMH concentrations detected in plasma of prepubertal female and male horses are correlated with postpubertal gonadal development...
May 15, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783047/stroma-cell-derived-factor-1-and-connexins-37-and-43-are-preserved-after-vitrification-and-in-vitro-culture-of-goat-ovarian-cortex
#5
Nathalie Jiatsa Donfack, Kele Amaral Alves, Benner Geraldo Alves, Rebeca Magalhães Pedrosa Rocha, Jamily Bezzera Bruno, Marcelo Bertolini, Regiane Rodrigues Dos Santos, Sheyla Farhaydes Souza Domingues, José Ricardo De Figueiredo, Johan Smitz, Ana Paula Ribeiro Rodrigues
This study aimed to evaluate the follicular morphology and development (follicular activation, cell proliferation, and hormone production), as well as the distribution pattern of Connexins 37 and 43 and SDF-1α after vitrification and in vitro culture of goat ovarian tissue. The study involved four experimental groups: fresh control, vitrified control, fresh culture and vitrified culture. The ovarian fragments were vitrified by a solid surface technique using the Ovarian Tissue Cryosystem and subsequently in vitro cultured for 7 days...
May 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778921/goat-boule-isoforms-identification-mrna-expression-in-testis-and-functional-study-and-promoter-methylation-profiles
#6
Xiaoyan Zhang, Shuai Yu, Qing Yang, Ke Wang, Sihuan Zhang, Chuanying Pan, Hailong Yan, Ruihua Dang, Chuzhao Lei, Hong Chen, Xianyong Lan
A conserved gene in meiosis, the Boule gene is involved in meiosis and spermatogenesis. The deletion of this gene in males blocks meiosis and results in infertility. Alternative splicing variants of the Boule gene have been identified in humans, bovines, and bats, but in dairy goats remains unknown. This study was therefore to detect splicing variants of the goat Boule gene and explore their potential roles in meiosis. Three isoforms, denoted as Boule-a, Boule-b, and Boule-c, were identified in the testes of goats using real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and cloning sequencing...
May 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763784/alterations-in-the-distribution-of-actin-and-its-binding-proteins-in-the-porcine-endometrium-during-early-pregnancy-possible-role-in-epithelial-remodeling-and-embryo-adhesion
#7
Beenu Moza Jalali, Pawel Likszo, Aneta Andronowska, Dariusz J Skarzynski
During early pregnancy, uterine epithelial cells undergo major transformations in their cytoskeleton that make the endometrium receptive for conceptus attachment. Actin binding proteins (ABPs) such as cofilin, gelsolin, and vinculin are involved in regulating actin polymerization, severing or crosslinking actin to integrins. However, whether ABPs are involved in epithelial remodeling or embryo adhesion in pigs is unknown. Therefore, the expression and distribution of these proteins were investigated in porcine endometrium on Days 10 and 13 (pre-implantation period), and 16 (attachment phase) of the estrous cycle or pregnancy...
May 8, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775846/reproductive-stage-and-sex-steroid-hormone-levels-influence-the-expression-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-msc-markers-in-the-equine-endometrium
#8
B Elisabeth Rink, Juliane Kuhl, Cristina L Esteves, Hilari M French, Elaine Watson, Christine Aurich, F Xavier Donadeu
Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) play key roles in tissue homeostasis. In the cyclic equine endometrium, this may be regulated by changes in serum concentrations of sex steroid hormones. This study was designed to investigate the changes in endometrial expression of MSC markers during reproductive cycles in mares and the influence of sex steroid hormones on endometrial MSC proliferation in vitro. Endometrial biopsies were collected from pony mares at different reproductive stages (estrus; day 5 and 13 after ovulation; seasonal anestrus; 20 h and 7days post-partum; n = 5 per stage) and were analyzed by RT-qPCR...
May 4, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763785/exposure-to-progesterone-previous-to-the-protocol-of-ovulation-synchronization-increases-the-follicular-diameter-and-the-fertility-of-suckled-bos-indicus-cows
#9
L M S Simões, R E Orlandi, J P M Massoneto, L A Scandiuzzi, B G Freitas, M R Bastos, J C Souza, J N S Sales
The objective was to evaluate the effect of injectable progesterone previous to the timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol on follicular growth, ovulation and pregnancy rate of suckled Bos indicus cows. In experiment 1, 10 days before the beginning to TAI protocol (D-10), 431 suckled-anestrus Nelore cows (249 multiparous and 182 primiparous), were allocated to one of three treatments groups (control, P4i and P4iGnRH). At this moment, cows in the P4i and P4iGnRH group received 150 mg of injectable progesterone intramuscularly (Sincrogest injetável® , Ouro Fino, Brazil)...
May 3, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742481/conceptus-loss-in-santa-in%C3%A3%C2%AAs-ewes-carrying-twin-pregnancies-by-natural-mating-or-embryo-transfer
#10
José Carlos Ferreira-Silva, Leopoldo Mayer Freitas Neto, Marcelo Tigre Moura, Fernando Tenório Filho, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Claudio Coutinho Bartolomeu, Marcos Antonio Lemos Oliveira
Commercial application of reproductive biotechnologies such as multiple ovulation and embryo transfer depends on its overall efficiency. Sheep embryo transfer is gradually gaining wider adoption, but pregnancy rates after embryo transfer remain lower than those derived from natural mating for most breeds. The work was aimed to evaluate embryonic and fetal losses in Santa Inês ewes carrying twin pregnancies by natural mating or embryo transfer. Ewes were subjected to synchronized natural mating by ram effect or used as recipients for embryo transfer...
May 1, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778923/quantitative-proteomic-profiling-indicates-the-difference-in-reproductive-efficiency-between-meishan-and-duroc-boar-spermatozoa
#11
Li Xinhong, Linqing Zhen, Jieli Fu, Lirui Wang, Qiangzhen Yang, Peifei Li, Yuhua Li
The reproductive efficiency of Meishan pigs is higher than that of Duroc pigs, but the underlying molecular mechanism for this disparity remains unclear. No systematic quantitative proteomics studies, comparing global proteins in Meishan and Duroc boar spermatozoa have been reported. Therefore, we applied iTRAQ labeling coupled with mass spectrometry, and analyzed the differences in proteins between Meishan and Duroc sperm. In the present study, a total of 1597 proteins were quantified. Of these proteins, 190 showed statistically significant fold changes between Meishan and Duroc spermatozoa...
April 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747158/delayed-return-to-estrus-following-treatment-with-the-gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-agonist-lucrin-%C3%A2-depot-in-the-tammar-wallaby
#12
Ryan R Witt, Lyn A Hinds, John C Rodger
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists that induce a reversible contraceptive state in several marsupials have the potential to be used to synchronize estrus. We used a model macropod, the tammar wallaby (Notamacropus eugenii), to investigate whether Lucrin Depot (AbbVie), a GnRH agonist microsphere preparation, could (1) inhibit follicular development and estrus in a cycle reactivated by removal of pouch young (RPY) and (2) facilitate a synchronous return to estrus. Our results show that females reactivated with bromocriptine and RPY in early seasonal quiescence (July 2015) were inhibited by Lucrin Depot (0...
April 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734125/biochemical-blood-analysis-along-pregnancy-in-martina-franca-jennies
#13
Alessia Gloria, Maria Cristina Veronesi, Rita Carluccio, Salvatore Parrillo, Ippolito De Amicis, Alberto Contri
The availability of biochemical blood data specific for the pregnant condition are essential for the correct management of both normal pregnancies and also for the prompt recognition of every abnormality. Because of the lacking knowledge about biochemical blood analysis in the donkey along the entire pregnancy, the study was designed to provide first preliminary data about the values and possible changes of blood alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatine-kinase (CK), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CREA), uric acid (UA), amylase (AMY), gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT), triglycerides (TRI), cholesterol (CHOL), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), glucose (GLU), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), occurring from the beginning of pregnancy until parturition...
April 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751229/endoscopy-mediated-intratubal-insemination-in-the-cow-development-of-a-novel-minimally-invasive-ai-technique
#14
Karina Radefeld, Sophie Papp, Vitezslav Havlicek, Jane M Morrell, Gottfried Brem, Urban Besenfelder
Conventionally inseminated spermatozoa suffer a dramatic reduction in numbers during their long journey until fertilization. In addition sperm survival seems to be strongly affected by the reconstitution of the female reproductive tract in the post partum period. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel AI technique for cattle that allows the deposition of spermatozoa directly into the ampulla in the immediate vicinity of the fertilization site. This new reproductive biotechnique was investigated with focus on semen origin, sperm dosage, semen preparation and time of insemination...
April 27, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734126/horse-embryo-diameter-is-influenced-by-the-embryonic-age-but-not-by-the-type-of-semen-used-to-inseminate-donor-mares
#15
J Cuervo-Arango, A N Claes, T A E Stout
The diameter of embryos recovered from mares on Day 8 after ovulation varies greatly, from as little as 130 μm to as much as 2500 μm. Several factors have been proposed to affect embryo size at recovery, one of which is the type of semen (frozen vs fresh or cooled-transported) used to inseminate the mare. In addition, it has been shown that smaller embryos (<300 μm) recovered on Day 8 are less likely than larger embryos to result in successful pregnancy after transfer. However, whether the actual age of the embryo (interval from fertilization to flushing) in relation to its size also influences the post-transfer viability is unclear...
April 27, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730538/sequential-concentrations-of-placental-growth-factor-and-haptoglobin-and-their-relation-to-oestrone-sulphate-and-progesterone-in-pregnant-spanish-purebred-mare
#16
K Satué, M Marcilla, P Medica, A Ferlazzo, E Fazio
The objectives of this study were to establish reference values for serum concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF) and haptoglobin (Hp), and to analyze whether the levels of oestrone sulphate (E1 S) and progesterone (P4 ) are physiologically involved in the dynamic modifications of the above parameters in pregnant mares. A total of 30 healthy Spanish Purebred mares ranging in age 9.33 ± 3.31 years were studied during the 11 months of gestation. Serum concentrations of PlGF were detected by EIA, Hp using commercial Phase Haptoglobin assay and E1 S and P4 levels through RIA...
April 27, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758459/arterial-blood-flow-is-the-main-source-of-testicular-heat-in-bulls-and-higher-ambient-temperatures-significantly-increase-testicular-blood-flow
#17
C M Q Barros Adwell, L F C Brito, E Oba, R E Wilde, G Rizzoto, J C Thundathil, J P Kastelic
Two experiments were done in bulls to determine: total testicular blood flow, testis oxygenation and heat, and effects of ambient temperature on testicular temperatures and blood flow. In Experiment 1, arterial blood flow to testes and testicular oxygenation and heat were determined in Angus bulls (n = 8). Blood temperature and hemoglobin O2 saturation were both greater (P < 0.0001) in the testicular artery than in the testicular vein (39.2 ± 0.2 vs 36.9 ± 0.4 °C and 95.3 ± 0.7 vs 42...
April 26, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747159/seminal-plasma-influences-the-fertilizing-potential-of-cryopreserved-stallion-sperm
#18
Essraa M Al-Essawe, Margareta Wallgren, Manuela Wulf, Christine Aurich, Beatriz Macías-García, Ylva Sjunnesson, Jane M Morrell
Seminal plasma (SP) contains proteins that may influence cryosurvival and prevent capacitation-like changes due to freezing and thawing. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of adding pooled SP from "good" (GF) or "bad" (BF) freezer stallions on sperm cells' fertilizing ability. "Good freezers" refers to stallions that usually produce ejaculates which can withstand cryopreservation, whilst "bad freezer" stallions produce ejaculates which cannot tolerate the freezing process...
April 26, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758458/effects-of-maternal-nutrient-restriction-followed-by-realimentation-during-early-and-mid-gestation-in-beef-cows-ii-placental-development-umbilical-blood-flow-and-uterine-blood-flow-responses-to-diet-alterations
#19
L E Camacho, C O Lemley, S T Dorsam, K C Swanson, K A Vonnahme
The objectives were to examine the effects of maternal nutrient restriction followed by realimentation during early to mid-gestation on placental development and uterine and umbilical hemodynamics in the beef cow. On day 30 of pregnancy, multiparous, non-lactating beef cows (620.5 ± 11.3 kg) were assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments: control (C; 100% National Research Council [NRC] recommendations; n = 18) and restricted (R; 60% NRC; n = 30). On day 85, cows were slaughtered (C, n = 6; R, n = 6), remained on control (CC; n = 12) and restricted (RR; n = 12), or were realimented to control (RC; n = 11)...
April 24, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729498/pressure-shock-triploidization-of-salmo-trutta-f-lacustris-and-salvelinus-umbla-eggs-and-its-impact-on-fish-development
#20
Franz Lahnsteiner, Manfred Kletzl
The study tested the efficiency of hydrostatic pressure triploidization methods for Salmo trutta f. lacustris and Salvelinus umbla and investigated the effects on survival rate, skeletal malformation, and on morphometrics and cellular composition of gills, spleen, liver, kidney, intestine, and blood. In Salmo trutta f. lacustris a 100% triploidy rate in combination with high larvae survival rate (80% in comparison to control) was obtained when treating eggs with a pressure of 66 × 103  kPa 360 °C temperature minutes (CTM) post fertilization for 5 min, in Salvelinus umbla with a similar pressure after 270 CTM...
April 24, 2018: Theriogenology
journal
journal
24987
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"