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Current Anthropology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25328164/maternal-behavior-by-birth-order-in-wild-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-increased-investment-by-first-time-mothers
#1
Margaret A Stanton, Elizabeth V Lonsdorf, Anne E Pusey, Jane Goodall, Carson M Murray
Parental investment theory predicts that maternal resources are finite and allocated among offspring based on factors including maternal age and condition, and offspring sex and parity. Among humans, firstborn children are often considered to have an advantage and receive greater investment than their younger siblings. However, conflicting evidence for this "firstborn advantage" between modern and hunter-gatherer societies raises questions about the evolutionary history of differential parental investment and birth order...
August 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25684782/-whatever-average-is-understanding-african-american-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-weight-growth-and-health
#2
Amanda L Thompson, Linda Adair, Margaret E Bentley
Biomedical researchers have raised concerns that mothers' inability to recognize infant and toddler overweight poses a barrier to stemming increasing rates of overweight and obesity, particularly among low-income or minority mothers. Little anthropological research has examined the sociocultural, economic or structural factors shaping maternal perceptions of infant and toddler size or addressed biomedical depictions of maternal misperception as a "socio-cultural problem." We use qualitative and quantitative data from 237 low-income, African-American mothers to explore how they define 'normal' infant growth and infant overweight...
June 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991686/regime-shifts-in-balinese-subaks
#3
J Stephen Lansing, Siew Ann Cheong, Lock Yue Chew, Murray P Cox, Moon-Ho Ringo Ho, Wayan Alit Arthawiguna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991685/competitive-feasting-before-cultivation-a-comment-on-asouti-and-fuller
#4
Brian Hayden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991684/author-s-reply-to-pmid-24991682
#5
COMMENT
Barry S Hewlett, Steve Winn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991683/comments
#6
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991682/allomaternal-nursing-in-humans
#7
Barry S Hewlett, Steve Winn
Few studies exist of allomaternal nursing in humans. It is relatively common among some cultures, such as the Aka and Efé hunter-gatherers of the Congo Basin, but it does not occur in other foragers such as the !Kung and Hadza of Southern and East Africa. This paper utilizes focal follow observations of Aka and Efé infants, interviews with Aka mothers, ethnographic reports from researchers working with hunter-gatherers, and a survey of the eHRAF cultures to try to answer the following questions: how often does allomaternal nursing occur, who provides it, and under what contexts does it take place? The study indicates that it occurs in many cultures (93% of cultures with data) but that it is normative in relatively few cultures; biological kin, especially grandmothers, frequently provide allomaternal nursing and that infant age, mother's condition, and culture (e...
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991681/author-reply-to-pmid-24991679
#8
COMMENT
Constantine V Nakassis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991680/comments
#9
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991679/suspended-kinship-and-youth-sociality-in-tamil-nadu-india
#10
Constantine V Nakassis
This paper examines so-called fictive, or tropic, uses of cross-kin terms by college-going youth in Tamil Nadu, India. The paper shows how youth usages of cross-kin terms are motivated out of normative kinship practices, even as they decenter and suspend the semantic and pragmatic norms of such terms. Through such suspensions, forms of youth sociality and identity are performed. Such sociality and identity turn on the ability of tropes on cross-kin terms to distance their users from various hierarchies that youth associate with traditional adult respectability and propriety...
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991678/author-reply-to-pmid-24991676
#11
COMMENT
Claes Andersson, Anton Törnberg, Peter Törnberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991677/comments
#12
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991676/an-evolutionary-developmental-approach-to-cultural-evolution
#13
Claes Andersson, Anton Törnberg, Petter Törnberg
Evolutionary developmental theories in biology see the processes and organization of organisms as crucial for understanding the dynamic behavior of organic evolution. Darwinian forces are seen as necessary but not sufficient for explaining observed evolutionary patterns. We here propose that the same arguments apply with even greater force to culture vis-à-vis cultural evolution. In order not to argue entirely in the abstract, we demonstrate the proposed approach by combining a set of different models into a provisional synthetic theory and by applying this theory to a number of short case studies...
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991675/author-reply-to-pmid-24991673
#14
COMMENT
Douglas Roger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991674/comments
#15
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991673/petrobarter-oil-inequality-and-the-political-imagination-in-and-after-the-cold-war
#16
Douglas Rogers
Petrobarter--the exchange of oil for goods and services without reference to monetary currency--has been a widespread and underappreciated practice among corporations, states, and state agencies over the past half century. Analyzing this practice with reference to anthropological theories of barter adds to our understandings of two significant and intertwined concerns in contemporary social science: (1) the production and reproduction of inequality at various scales, from subnational regions to the international system as a whole, and (2) the generation and fate of mobilizing political imaginaries that challenge the abstracted, universalizing imaginaries so often associated with monetized exchange, especially in capitalist contexts...
April 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25067849/the-moral-economy-of-violence-in-the-us-inner-city
#17
George Karandinos, Laurie Kain Hart, Fernando Montero Castrillo, Philippe Bourgois
In an 8-week period, there were 16 shootings with three fatalities, three stabbings, and 14 additional "aggravated assaults" in the four square blocks surrounding our field site in the Puerto Rican corner of North Philadelphia. In the aftermath of the shoot-outs, the drug sellers operating on our block were forced to close down their operations by several mothers who repeatedly called the police. Drawing on the concept of moral economy (Thompson, Scott, Taussig), Mauss's interpretation of gift exchange, and a political economy critique of hypercarceralization in the United States, we understand the high levels of US inner-city violence as operating within a moral logic framed by economic scarcity and hostile state relations...
February 2014: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25018561/ancestry-temporality-and-potentiality-engaging-cancer-genetics-in-southern-brazil
#18
Sahra Gibbon
In this paper I examine the variety of ways potential is articulated, entailed, and produced in how the field of cancer genetics is being constituted as a domain of transnational research and an emerging site of health-care intervention in southern Brazil. Drawing on analysis of fieldwork in Brazilian cancer-genetics clinics, I explore how different expressions of potential come to inform dynamically the pursuit of prevention, care, and research as diversely scaled investments for those working and living with cancer-genetics knowledge and technologies...
October 2013: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25284827/household-task-delegation-among-high-fertility-forager-horticulturalists-of-lowland-bolivia
#19
Jonathan Stieglitz, Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan, Paul L Hooper
Human kin cooperation is universal, leading researchers to label humans as "cooperative breeders." Despite widespread interest in human cooperation, there has been no systematic study of how household economic decision making occurs. We document age and sex profiles of task delegation by parents to children ages 4-18 among Bolivian forager-horticulturalists. We test for sex differences in the probability of delegation and examine whether tasks are more likely delegated as household labor demand increases. We also test whether food acquisition tasks are more likely delegated to higher producers...
April 2013: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24855324/response-diversity-and-resilience-in-social-ecological-systems
#20
Paul Leslie, J Terrence McCabe
Recent work in ecology suggests that the diversity of responses to environmental change among species contributing to the same ecosystem function can strongly influence ecosystem resilience. To render this important realization more useful for understanding coupled human-natural systems, we broaden the concept of response diversity to include heterogeneity in human decisions and action. Simply put, not all actors respond the same way to challenges, opportunities, and risks. The range, prevalence, and spatial and temporal distributions of different responses may be crucial to the resilience or the transformation of a social-ecological system, and thus have a bearing on human vulnerability and well-being in the face of environmental, socioeconomic, and political change...
April 2013: Current Anthropology
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