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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

Juliana Beust de Lima, Anderson Donelli da Silveira, Marco Aurélio Lumertz Saffi, Márcio Garcia Menezes, Diogo Silva Piardi, Leila Denise Cardoso Ramos Ramm, Maurice Zanini, Rosane Maria Nery Ricardo Stein
BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by a limited exercising capacity. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an emerging strategy for exercise rehabilitation in different settings. In patients with HFpEF, HIIT subacute effects on endothelial function and blood pressure are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the subacute effect of one HIIT session on endothelial function and blood pressure in patients with HFpEF...
October 18, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Gabriel Odozynski, Alexander Romeno Janner Dal Forno, Andrei Lewandowski, Hélcio Garcia Nascimento, André d'Avila
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary veins (PV) are often the trigger to atrial fibrillation (AF). Occasionally, left PVs converge on a common trunk (LCT) providing a simpler structure for catheter ablation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ablation in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) of patients with or without LCT. METHODS: Case-control study of patients undergoing first-ever catheter ablation procedure for drug refractory PAF...
October 18, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Graciane Radaelli, Grasiele Sausen, Claudia Ciceri Cesa, Francisco de Souza Santos, Vera Lucia Portal, Jeruza Lavanholi Neyeloff, Lucia Campos Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Children with familial hypercholesterolemia may develop early endothelial damage leading to a high risk for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins have been shown to be effective in lowering LDL cholesterol levels and cardiovascular events in adults. The effect of statin treatment in the pediatric population is not clearly demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to evaluate the effects of different statins and dosages in total cholesterol levels in children and adolescents with familial hypercholesterolemia...
October 18, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Pattara Rattanawong, Narut Prasitlumkum, Tanawan Riangwiwat, Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Wasawat Vutthikraivit, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Ross J Simpson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that baseline prolonged PR interval is associated with worse outcome in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature have not been made. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between baseline prolonged PR interval and adverse outcomes of CRT by a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis. METHODS: We comprehensively searched the databases of MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to March 2017...
October 11, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Thaís da Silva Ferreira, Julia Freitas Rodrigues Fernandes, Luciene da Silva Araújo, Lívia de Paula Nogueira, Priscila Mansur Leal, Vanessa Parada Antunes, Maria de Lourdes Guimarães Rodrigues, Debora Cristina Torres Valença, Sergio Emanuel Kaiser, Márcia Regina Simas Torres Klein
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have highlighted an association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Despite the growing body of evidences, several studies were conducted in older individuals or in carriers of diseases susceptible to affect SUA levels and cardiometabolic risk markers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of SUA with body adiposity, metabolic profile, oxidative stress, inflammatory biomarkers, blood pressure and endothelial function in healthy young and middle-aged adults...
October 11, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Alan Carlos Nery Dos Santos, Jefferson Petto, Diego Passos Diogo, Candice Rocha Seixas, Lunara Horn de Souza, Wagner Santos Araújo, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia
BACKGROUND: The use of combined oral contraceptive (COC) has been related to changes in glycemic, lipid metabolism, increased oxidative stress, and systemic blood pressure, which could suggest a higher oxidation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) in women on use of COC. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is a difference in the plasma values of oxidized LDL among women who use and do not use COC, as well as to evaluate the correlation between it and the lipid profile and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)...
October 11, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Gulizar Sokmen, Murat Sahin, Dilek Tuzun, Abdullah Sokmen, Hanife Bolat, Ayten Oguz, Adem Doganer, Huseyin Nacar, Kamile Gul
BACKGROUND: Majority of the incidentally discovered adrenal masses, called adrenal incidentaloma (AI), are nonfunctioning adrenal adenomas. The appropriate management of AI is still a matter debate, so it is necessary to investigate their associated morbidity. However, data regarding morphological and functional cardiac alterations are limited in this group. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to assess cardiac structural and functional characteristics and atrial conduction properties in patients with nonfunctioning AI...
October 11, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Selma Alves Valente do Amaral Lopes, Isabel Cristina Britto Guimarães, Sofia Fontes de Oliva Costa, Angelina Xavier Acosta, Kyoko Abe Sandes, Carlos Maurício Cardeal Mendes
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart diseases are the most common type of congenital defects, and account for more deaths in the first year of life than any other condition, when infectious etiologies are ruled out. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate survival, and to identify risk factors in deaths in newborns with critical and/or complex congenital heart disease in the neonatal period. METHODS: A cohort study, nested to a randomized case-control, was performed, considering the Confidence Interval of 95% (95% CI) and significance level of 5%, paired by gender of the newborn and maternal age...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Caroline Fuchs Einwoegerer, Caroline Pereira Domingueti
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C seems promising for evaluating the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between high levels of cystatin C and the development of cardiovascular events or mortality. METHODS: The articles were selected in the Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, and Scielo databases. The eligibility criteria were prospective cohort observational trials that assessed the association of high serum levels of cystatin C with the development of cardiovascular events or mortality in individuals with normal renal function...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Gabriela S S Chaves, Jessica Blanco Loures, Gabriela Moreira Bonfim, Raquel Britto
BACKGROUND: Patient education is an essential part of cardiovascular patients' care targeting self-management behavior to reduce risk factors and subsequent events. Herein, a short and reliable tool to assess patients' knowledge in Brazil is warranted. OBJECTIVES: To translate, culturally-adapt and psychometrically validate the Portuguese version of the Coronary Artery Disease Education Questionnaire Short Version (CADE-Q SV). METHODS: The Portuguese CADE-Q SV - translated and culturally-adapted - was reviewed by five bilingual experts in cardiovascular disease...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Cláudio Antônio de Souza, Ricardo Simões, Karina Braga Gomes Borges, Angélica Navarro de Oliveira, Juliana Barroso Zogeib, Bruno Alves, Marcus Vinicius Bolívar Malachias, Ana Paula Drummond-Lage, Bruno Almeida Rezende
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, although efficient for treating breast cancer, is associated with cardiovascular complications. Recent studies seek to identify methods that can early detect cardiological and vascular changes as a strategy to decrease the incidence of cardiovascular comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of arterial stiffness measurement in the monitoring of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide-induced cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Diego Vidaletti Silva, Gustavo Waclawovsky, Ana Beatriz Kramer, Cinara Stein, Bruna Eibel, Guilherme Brasil Grezzana, Maximiliano Isoppo Schaun, Alexandre Machado Lehnen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac remodeling is a specific response to exercise training and time exposure. We hypothesized that athletes engaging for long periods in high-intensity strength training show heart and/or vascular damage. OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac characteristics (structure and function) and vascular function (flow-mediated dilation [FMD] and peripheral vascular resistance [PVR]) in powerlifters and long-distance runners. METHODS: We evaluated 40 high-performance athletes (powerlifters [PG], n = 16; runners [RG], n = 24) and assessed heart structure and function (echocardiography), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP), FMD, PVR, maximum force (squat, bench press, and deadlift), and maximal oxygen uptake (spirometry)...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Alexandre de Matos Soeiro, Pedro Gabriel Melo de Barros E Silva, Eduardo Alberto de Castro Roque, Aline Siqueira Bossa, Bruno Biselli, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres Leal, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida Soeiro, Fábio Grunspun Pitta, Carlos V Serrano, Múcio Tavares Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Gender-related differences have been reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome. The description of this comparative finding in a Brazilian registry has not yet been documented. OBJECTIVE: To compare male vs. female patients regarding the baseline characteristics, coronary findings, treatment and in-hospital and long-term prognosis. METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicenter and observational study that included 3,745 patients (2,437 males and 1,308 females) between May 2010 and May 2015...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Caio Marcos de Moraes Albertini, Katia Regina da Silva, Joaquim Maurício da Motta Leal Filho, Elizabeth Sartori Crevelari, Martino Martinelli Filho, Francisco Cesar Carnevale, Roberto Costa
BACKGROUND: Venous obstructions are common in patients with transvenous cardiac implantable electronic devices, but they rarely cause immediate clinical problems. The main consequence of these lesions is the difficulty in obtaining venous access for additional leads implantation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the prevalence and predictor factors of venous lesions in patients referred to lead reoperations, and to define the role of preoperative venography in the planning of these procedures...
September 21, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Pranas Serpytis, Petras Navickas, Laura Lukaviciute, Alvydas Navickas, Ramunas Aranauskas, Rokas Serpytis, Ausra Deksnyte, Sigita Glaveckaite, Zaneta Petrulioniene, Robertas Samalavicius
BACKGROUND: Among patients with heart disease, depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and persistent. Both depression and anxiety play a significant role in cardiovascular disease progression and are acknowledged to be independent risk factors. However, there is very little gender-related analysis concerning cardiovascular diseases and emotional disorders. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate depression and anxiety levels in patients suffering from myocardial infarction [MI] within the first month after the MI and to assess the association between cardiovascular disease risk factors, demographic indicators and emotional disorders, as well as to determine whether there are gender-based differences or similarities...
August 23, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Christina Grüne de Souza E Silva, Carlos Henrique Klein, Paulo Henrique Godoy, Lucia Helena Alvares Salis, Nelson Albuquerque de Souza E Silva
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most frequently used invasive therapy for ischemic heart disease (IHD). Studies able to provide information about PCI's effectiveness should be conducted in a population of real-world patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the survival rate of IHD patients treated with PCI in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ). METHODS: Administrative (1999-2010) and death (1999-2014) databases of dwellers aged ≥ 20 years old in the state of RJ submitted to one single PCI paid by the Brazilian public healthcare system (SUS) between 1999 and 2010 were linked...
October 18, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.5935/abc.20170140].
October 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Thalys Sampaio Rodrigues, Levindo José Garcia Quarto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Filipa Cordeiro, Sofia Silva Carvalho, Fernando Salvador, Alberto Ferreira, J Ilidio Moreira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Ana Carolina do Amaral Henrique de Souza, Bernardo Kremer Diniz Gonçalves, Angelo Tedeschi, Ronaldo de Souza Leão Lima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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