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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

Mayron F Oliveira, Rita C Santos, Suellen A Artz, Vanessa M F Mendez, Denise M L Lobo, Edileide B Correia, Almir S Ferraz, Iracema I K Umeda, Priscila A Sperandio
BACKGROUND: Exercise training (ET) improves functional capacity in chronic heart failure (HF). However, ET effects in acute HF are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ET alone or combined with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) compared with standard medical treatment during hospitalization in acute HF patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (systolic HF) were randomized into three groups: control (Control - only standard medical treatment); ET with placebo NIV (ET+Sham) and ET+NIV (NIV with 14 and 8 cmH2O of inspiratory and expiratory pressure, respectively)...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Marilda Savoia Nascimento, Anna Maria Simonsen Stolf, Heitor Franco de Andrade Junior, Ramendra Pati Pandey, Eufrosina Setsu Umezawa
BACKGROUND: Vimentin is a main structural protein of the cell, a component of intermediate cell filaments and immersed in cytoplasm. Vimentin is mimicked by some bacterial proteins and anti-vimentin antibodies occur in autoimmune cardiac disease, as rheumatic fever. In this work we studied vimentin distribution on LLC-MK2 cells infected with T. cruzi and anti-vimentin antibodies in sera from several clinical pictures of Chagas' disease or American Trypanosomiasis, in order to elucidate any vimentin involvement in the humoral response of this pathology...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Juliano Novaes Cardoso, Carlos Henrique Del Carlo, Mucio Tavares de Oliveira Junior, Marcelo Eidi Ochiai, Roberto Kalil Filho, Antônio Carlos Pereira Barretto
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome, whose advanced forms have a poor prognosis, which is aggravated by the presence of comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of infection in patients with decompensated HF admitted to a tertiary university-affiliated hospital in the city of São Paulo. METHODS: This study assessed 260 patients consecutively admitted to our unit because of decompensated HF. The presence of infection and other morbidities was assessed, as were in-hospital mortality and outcome after discharge...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Simone de Campos Neitzke Winter, Rafael Michel de Macedo, Júlio Cesar Francisco, Paula Costa Santos, Ana Paula Sarraff Lopes, Leanderson Franco de Meira, Katherine A Teixeira de Carvalho, José Rocha Faria Neto, Ana Carolina Brandt de Macedo, Luiz César Guarita-Souza
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise should be part of the treatment of post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of two training prescription models (continuous x interval) and its impact on ventricular function in rats after AMI with normal ventricular function. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were evaluated by echocardiography 21 days after the AMI. Those with LVEF = 50% (n = 29) were included in the study and randomized to control group (CG n = 10), continuous training group (CTG n = 9) or interval training group (ITG, n = 10)...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Zuoyan Wang, Na Liu, Lihui Ren, Licheng Lei, Huiming Ye, Jianjun Peng
BACKGROUND: The intracoronary high-thrombus burden during the primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) can lead to poor outcomes. Monocytes have been described to play an important role in thrombotic disorders. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between admission monocyte count and angiographic intracoronary thrombus burden in patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI)...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Anderson da Costa Armstrong, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia, Juracy Marques, Dinani Matoso Fialho de Oliveira Armstrong, Antonio Marconi Leandro da Silva, Jeová Cordeiro de Morais Junior, Aldina Barral, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia, Manoel Barral-Netto, João A C Lima
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk burden among diverse indigenous populations is not totally known and may be influenced by lifestyle changes related to the urbanization process. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cardiovascular (CV) mortality profile of indigenous populations during a rapid urbanization process largely influenced by governmental infrastructure interventions in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: We assessed the mortality of indigenous populations (≥ 30 y/o) from 2007 to 2011 in Northeast Brazil (Bahia and Pernambuco states)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Marcia Maria Noya-Rabelo, Carolina The Macedo, Ticiana Larocca, Admilson Machado, Thais Pacheco, Jorge Torreão, Bruno Solano de Freitas Souza, Milena B P Soares, Ricardo Ribeiro-Dos-Santos, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia
BACKGROUND: Previous data has shown that patients in the indeterminate form of Chagas disease may present myocardial fibrosis as shown on through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, there is little information available regarding the degree of severity of myocardial fibrosis in these individuals. This variable has the potential to predict the evolution of Chagas' disease into its cardiac form. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and extent of myocardial fibrosis evaluated using an MRI in patients in the indeterminate form, and to compare it with other forms of the disease...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Nadia Bouabdallaoui, Pierre Demondion, Sylvestre Maréchaux, Shaida Varnous, Guillaume Lebreton, Frédéric Mouquet, Pascal Leprince
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an idiopathic disorder defined by the occurrence of acute heart failure during late pregnancy or post-partum period in the absence of any other definable cause. Its clinical course is variable and severe cases might require heart transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term outcomes after heart transplantation (HT) for peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). METHODS: Out of a single-center series of 1938 HT, 14 HT were performed for PPCM...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Aurora Corrêa Rodrigues, Antônio José Natali, Daise Nunes Queiroz da Cunha, Alexandre Jayme Lopes Dantas Costa, Anselmo Gomes de Moura, Miguel Araújo Carneiro-Júnior, Leonardo Bonato Félix, Patrícia Chakur Brum, Thales Nicolau Prímola-Gomes
BACKGROUND: The lack of cardiac β1-adrenergic receptors (β1-AR) negatively affects the regulation of both cardiac inotropy and lusitropy, leading, in the long term, to heart failure (HF). Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (MCAE) is recommended as an adjunctive therapy for patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effects of MCAE on the contractile properties of left ventricular (LV) myocytes from β1 adrenergic receptor knockout (β1ARKO) mice. METHODS: Four- to five-month-old male wild type (WT) and β1ARKO mice were divided into groups: WT control (WTc) and trained (WTt); and β1ARKO control (β1ARKOc) and trained (β1ARKOt)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Tiago Luiz Luz Leiria, Alexandre Kreling Medeiros, Eduardo Dytz Almeida, Antonio Lessa Gaudie Ley, Catarine Benta Lopes Dos Santos, Roberto Toffani Sant'Anna, Marcelo Lapa Kruse, Leonardo Martins Pires, Gustavo Glotz de Lima
BACKGROUND: The uninterrupted use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for electrophysiology procedures has been more and more recommended. The clinical practice in our service recommends the continuous use of these drugs for atrial flutter ablation. There is little evidence as to the uninterrupted use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in this scenario. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of complications related with the uninterrupted use of different types of oral anticoagulants in patients referred to atrial flutter (AFL) ablation...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Raphael José Perrier-Melo, Fernando Augusto Marinho Dos Santos Figueira, Guilherme Veiga Guimarães, Manoel da Cunha Costa
Heart transplantation (HTx) is considered an efficient and gold-standard procedure for patients with end-stage heart failure. After surgery, patients have lower aerobic power (VO2max) and compensatory hemodynamic responses. The aim of the present study was to assess through a systematic review with meta-analysis whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) can provide benefits for those parameters. This is a systematic review with meta-analysis, which searched the databases and data portals PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct and Wiley until December 2016 (pairs)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Carlos Scherr, Leonardo Corrêa Castro Fabiano, Renata Leborato Guerra, Luciano Herman Juacaba Belém, Ana Carolina Gurgel Câmara, Adriana Campos
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of deaths in the world, and many events could be prevented by healthy life habits. OBJECTIVES: To compare the occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents enrolled at public schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro, including a renowned school for sport practices. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, convenience sampling of 422 students enrolled at the Experimental Olympic Gymnasium (EOG) and at Figueiredo Pimentel School (FP)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Josária Ferraz Amaral, Diana de Medeiros Andrade Borsato, Isabelle Magalhães Guedes Freitas, Edgar Toschi-Dias, Daniel Godoy Martinez, Mateus Camaroti Laterza
BACKGROUND: Individuals with a family history of systemic arterial hypertension (FHSAH) and / or prehypertension have a higher risk of developing this pathology. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the autonomic and vascular functions of prehypertensive patients with FHSAH. METHODS: Twenty-five young volunteers with FHSAH, 14 normotensive and 11 prehypertensive subjects were submitted to vascular function evaluation by forearm vascular conductance(VC) during resting and reactive hyperemia (Hokanson®) and cardiac and peripheral autonomic modulation, quantified, respectively, by spectral analysis of heart rate (ECG) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (FinometerPRO®)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Rafaella Zulianello Dos Santos, Christiani Decker Batista Bonin, Eliara Ten Caten Martins, Moacir Pereira Junior, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Kassia Rosangela Paz de Macedo, Magnus Benetti
BACKGROUND: The absence of instruments capable of measuring the level of knowledge of hypertensive patients in cardiac rehabilitation programs about their disease reflects the lack of specific recommendations for these patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a questionnaire to evaluate the knowledge of hypertensive patients in cardiac rehabilitation programs about their disease. METHODS: A total of 184 hypertensive patients (mean age 60...
February 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Laura Siga Stephan, Eduardo Dytz Almeida, Raphael Boesche Guimarães, Antonio Gaudie Ley, Rodrigo Gonçalves Mathias, Maria Valéria Assis, Tiago Luiz Luz Leiria
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is responsible for one in four strokes, which may be prevented by oral anticoagulation, an underused therapy around the world. Considering the challenges imposed by this sort of treatment, mobile health support for shared decision-making may improve patients' knowledge and optimize the decisional process. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a mobile application to support shared decision about thromboembolic prophylaxis in atrial fibrillation...
February 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Sheila M A Matos, Maria da Conceição Almeida, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Estela M L Aquino
BACKGROUND: Despite reports in the literature that both leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and commuting physical activity (CPA) can promote health benefits, the literature lacks studies comparing the associations of these domains of physical activity with cardiovascular risk scores. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between LTPA and CPA with different cardiovascular risk scores in the cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health ELSA-Brasil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with data from 13,721 participants of both genders, aged 35-74 years, free of cardiovascular disease, from ELSA Brazil...
February 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Simone Cristina Pinto Matheus Fischer, Simone Pires Pinto, Lívia Campos do Amaral Silva Lins, Henrique Tria Bianco, Carlos Manoel de Castro Monteiro, Luiz Fernando Muniz Pinheiro, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition that, when associated with ischemic heart disease and cardiovascular events, can be influenced by genetic variants and determine more severe coronary atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the contribution of genetic polymorphisms to the extension and severity of coronary disease in subjects with MS and recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients (n = 116, 68% males) aged 56 (9) years, with criteria for MS, were prospectively enrolled to the study during the hospitalization period after an ACS...
February 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Antonio Mauricio Dos Santos Cerqueira Junior, Luisa Gondim Dos Santos Pereira, Thiago Menezes Barbosa de Souza, Vitor Calixto de Almeida Correia, Felipe Kalil Beirão Alexandre, Gabriella Sant'Ana Sodré, Jessica Gonzalez Suerdieck, Felipe Ferreira, Marcia Maria Noya Rabelo, Luis Cláudio Lemos Correia
BACKGROUND: The GRACE Score was derived and validated from a cohort in which octogenarians and nonagenarians were poorly represented. OBJECTIVE: To test the accuracy of the GRACE score in predicting in-hospital mortality of very elderly individuals with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: Prospective observational study conducted in the intensive coronary care unit of a tertiary center from September 2011 to August 2016. Patients consecutively admitted due to ACS were selected, and the very elderly group was defined by age ≥ 80 years...
February 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Hitesh Raheja, Vinod Namana, Norbert Moskovits, Gerald Hollander, Jacob Shani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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