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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156607/gender-based-differences-in-anxiety-and-depression-following-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Pranas Serpytis, Petras Navickas, Laura Lukaviciute, Alvydas Navickas, Ramunas Aranauskas, Rokas Serpytis, Ausra Deksnyte, Sigita Glaveckaite, Zaneta Petrulioniene, Robertas Samalavicius
BACKGROUND: Among patients with heart disease, depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and persistent. Both depression and anxiety play a significant role in cardiovascular disease progression and are acknowledged to be independent risk factors. However, there is very little gender-related analysis concerning cardiovascular diseases and emotional disorders. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate depression and anxiety levels in patients suffering from myocardial infarction [MI] within the first month after the MI and to assess the association between cardiovascular disease risk factors, demographic indicators and emotional disorders, as well as to determine whether there are gender-based differences or similarities...
August 23, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156606/relationship-of-electromechanical-dyssynchrony-in-patients-submitted-to-crt-with-lv-lead-implantation-guided-by-gated-myocardial-perfusion-spect
#2
Erivelton Alessandro do Nascimento, Christiane Cigagna Wiefels Reis, Fernanda Baptista Ribeiro, Christiane Rodrigues Alves, Eduardo Nani Silva, Mario Luiz Ribeiro, Claudio Tinoco Mesquita
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) affects more than 5 million individuals in the United States, with more than 1 million hospital admissions per year. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can benefit patients with advanced HF and prolonged QRS. A significant percentage of patients, however, does not respond to CRT. Electrical dyssynchrony isolated might not be a good predictor of response, and the last left ventricular (LV) segment to contract can influence the response. OBJECTIVES: To assess electromechanical dyssynchrony in CRT with LV lead implantation guided by GATED SPECT...
August 23, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156605/predictors-of-family-enrollment-in-a-genetic-cascade-screening-program-for-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#3
Pãmela Rodrigues de Souza Silva, Cinthia Elim Jannes, Theo G M Oliveira, Luz Marina Gómez Gómez, José E Krieger, Raul D Santos, Alexandre Costa Pereira
BACKGROUND: Genetic cascade screening is the most cost-effective method for the identification of individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), but the best strategies for the enrollment of at-risk individuals in a FH screening program are not fully known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the best predictors of familial enrollment into genetic screening, using features derived from tested probands. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three index-cases (ICs) with a positive genetic result that had relatives screened from 01/2011 to 07/2015 were included...
August 23, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156604/secondary-dyslipidemia-in-obese-children-is-there-evidence-for-pharmacological-treatment
#4
Graciane Radaelli, Grasiele Sausen, Claudia Ciceri Cesa, Vera Lucia Portal, Lucia Campos Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Long-term safety, effectiveness and criteria for treatment with statins in children are still unclear in clinical practice. There is very limited evidence for the use of medication to treat children with dyslipidemia secondary to obesity who do not respond well to lifestyle modification. OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of randomized clinical trials of statin use to treat children and adolescents with dyslipidemia secondary to obesity. METHODS: We performed a search in PubMed, EMBASE, Bireme, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, SciELO, and LILACS for data to evaluate the effect of statins on: improvement of surrogate markers of coronary artery disease in clinical outcomes of adulthood; increased serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apolipropotein B (APOB); and decreased serum levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) from inception to February 2016...
August 23, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133552/fasting-refeeding-cycles-prevent-myocardial-dysfunction-and-morphology-damage-in-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#5
Matheus Fécchio Pinotti, Amanda Martins Matias, Mário Mateus Sugizaki, André Ferreira do Nascimento, Maeli Dal Pai, Ana Paula Lima Leopoldo, Antônio Carlos Cicogna, André Soares Leopoldo
BACKGROUND: Caloric restriction is known to impair the cardiac function and morphology in hypertrophied hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR); however, the influence of fasting/refeeding (RF) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the fasting/refeeding approach on myocardial remodeling and function. In addition, the current study was designed to bring information regarding the mechanisms underlying the participation of Ca2+ handling and b-adrenergic system...
August 20, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133551/right-atrial-deformation-analysis-in-cardiac-amyloidosis-results-from-the-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-magyar-path-study
#6
Attila Nemes, Dóra Földeák, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Árpád Kormányos, Zita Borbényi, Tamás Forster
BACKGROUND: Light-chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is characterized by fibril deposits, which are composed of monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. The right ventricle is mostly involved in AL-CA and impairment of its function is a predictor of worse prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the volumetric and functional properties of the right atrium (RA) in AL-CA by three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE). METHODS: A total of 16 patients (mean age: 64...
August 20, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133550/genetic-testing-and-pregnancy-outcome-analysis-of-362-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-identified-by-prenatal-ultrasound
#7
Shiyu Luo, Dahua Meng, Qifei Li, Xuehua Hu, Yuhua Chen, Chun He, Bobo Xie, Shangyang She, Yingfeng Li, Chunyun Fu
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomaly, have been reported to be associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Currently, patients with CHD are routinely offered karyotyping and chromosomal microarray (CMA) testing, but the genotype-phenotype relationship has not yet been fully established. OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with CHD and to analyze pregnancy outcomes of fetuses with heart abnormalities caused by different genetic factors...
August 20, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088558/evaluation-of-the-bleeding-intensity-of-patients-anticoagulated-with-warfarin-or-dabigatran-undergoing-dental-procedures
#8
Marcus Vinicius Santos Andrade, Luciana Azevedo Prata Andrade, Alan Freitas Bispo, Luana de Alencar Freitas, Milena Quadros Sampaio Andrade, Gilson Soares Feitosa, Gilson Soares Feitosa-Filho
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic disorders remain one of the leading causes of death in the Western world. Dabigatran appeared as an alternative to warfarin for anticoagulation in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The risk associated with bleeding due to its use has been documented in several randomized clinical trials, but no large study has examined in detail the risk of bleeding during dental extraction and other dental procedures involving bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To compare the intensity of bleeding in individuals taking dabigatran or vitamin K antagonist (warfarin) and undergoing dental procedures...
August 6, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088557/obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-common-and-associated-with-heart-remodeling-in-patients-with-chagas-disease
#9
Carolina de Araújo Medeiros, Isaac Vieira Secundo, Carlos Antônio da Mota Silveira, José Maria Del Castilho, Afonso Luiz Tavares de Albuquerque, Sílvia Marinho Martins, Wilson de Oliveira Júnior, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Luciano F Drager, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa
BACKGROUND: Chagas Disease (CD) is an important cause of morbimortality due to heart failure and malignant arrhythmias worldwide, especially in Latin America. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with heart remodeling and cardiac arrhythmias in patients CD. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CD, aged between 30 to 65 years old were enrolled. Participants underwent clinical evaluation, sleep study, 24-hour Holter monitoring, echocardiogram and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
August 6, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088555/right-ventricular-functional-improvement-after-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-in-patients-with-copd-determined-by-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#10
Batur Gonenc Kanar, Ipek Ozmen, Elif Ozari Yildirim, Murat Ozturk, Murat Sunbul
BACKGROUND: Although right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in pulmonary diseases has been associated with increased morbidity, tools for RV dysfunction identification are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude of RV dysfunction by means of speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to investigate whether STE could be used as an index of RV improvement after a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program...
August 6, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183993/the-need-for-sex-hormone-analysis-in-addition-to-long-term-follow-up-of-phytosterol-supplementationphytosterols-in-the-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseasesthe-effects-of-phytosterols-on-the-sexual-behavior-and-reproductive
#11
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183992/unexpected-mass-in-the-left-atrium
#12
Tatiana Guimarães, Rui Plácido, Ana Catarina Quadros, José Marques da Costa, Fausto J Pinto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183991/transcatheter-closure-of-a-traumatic-vsd-with-an-asd-occluder
#13
Rui Alexandre Pontes Dos Santos, Henrique Guedes, Leonor Marques, Carolina Lourenço, João Carlos Silva, Paula Pinto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183990/case-4-a-59-year-old-woman-with-rheumatic-mitral-valve-disease-severe-stenosis-and-regurgitation-severe-dyspnea-shock-and-pulmonary-condensation
#14
Desiderio Favarato, Vera Demarchi Aiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183989/downstream-change-of-the-primary-endpoint-in-the-ischemia-trial-the-elephant-in-the-room
#15
Luis Cláudio Lemos Correia, Anis Rassi Junior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183988/antiplatelet-therapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-using-hormonal-therapy-myths-evidence-and-potentialities-systematic-review
#16
Andréa de Melo Leite, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli Macedo, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Wolney de Andrade Martins
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed tumor in women worldwide, with a significant impact on morbidity and mortality. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy have significantly reduced mortality; however, the adverse effects are significant. Aspirin has been incorporated into clinical practice for over 100 years at a low cost, making it particularly attractive as a potential agent in breast cancer prevention and as an adjunct treatment to endocrine therapy in the prophylaxis of cardiovascular complications...
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183987/new-method-improves-the-assessment-of-aortic-regurgitation-grade-during-tavr-by-aortography
#17
EDITORIAL
Henrique B Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183986/the-role-of-quantitative-aortographic-assessment-of-aortic-regurgitation-by-videodensitometry-in-the-guidance-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#18
Yosuke Miyazaki, Rodrigo Modolo, Mohammad Abdelghani, Hiroki Tateishi, Rafael Cavalcante, Carlos Collet, Taku Asano, Yuki Katagiri, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Rogério Sarmento-Leite, José A Mangione, Alexandre Abizaid, Osama I I Soliman, Yoshinobu Onuma, Patrick W Serruys, Pedro A Lemos, Fabio S de Brito
BACKGROUND: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD...
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183985/cardiac-sympathetic-activity-and-the-neuro-humoral-theory-on-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-have-we-learned-enough
#19
EDITORIAL
Thiago Quinaglia A C Silva, Otávio R Coelho-Filho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183984/hypertension-and-exercise-a-search-for-mechanisms
#20
EDITORIAL
Bertha F Polegato, Sergio A R de Paiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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