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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185617/percutaneous-intervention-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-culprit-only-or-complete-revascularization
#1
Ana Paula Susin Osório, Alexandre Schaan de Quadros, José Luiz da Costa Vieira, Vera Lucia Portal
The best approach of multivessel coronary artery disease in the context of acute myocardial infarction with ST segment elevation and primary percutaneous coronary intervention is one of the main reasons for controversy in cardiology. Although the main global guidelines do not recommend routine complete revascularization in these patients, recent randomized clinical trials have demonstrated benefit of this approach in reducing cardiovascular outcomes. For this reason, an adequate review of this evidence is essential in order to establish scientifically based strategy and achieve better outcomes for these patients who present with acute myocardial infarction...
November 27, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185616/incremental-prognostic-value-of-conventional-echocardiography-in-patients-with-acutely-decompensated-heart-failure
#2
Fabio Luis de Jesus Soares, Janine Magalhães Garcia de Oliveira, Gabriel Neimann da Cunha Freire, Lucas Carvalho Andrade, Marcia Maria Noya-Rabelo, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia
BACKGROUND: Acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) presents high morbidity and mortality in spite of therapeutic advance. Identifying factors of worst prognosis is important to improve assistance during the hospital phase and follow-up after discharge. The use of echocardiography for diagnosis and therapeutic guidance has been of great utility in clinical practice. However, it is not clear if it could also be useful for risk determination and classification in patients with ADHF and if it is capable of adding prognostic value to a clinical score (OPTIMIZE-HF)...
November 27, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185615/predictors-of-total-mortality-and-echocardiographic-response-for-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-a-cohort-study
#3
Guilherme Ferreira Gazzoni, Matheus Bom Fraga, Andres Di Leoni Ferrari, Pablo da Costa Soliz, Anibal Pires Borges, Eduardo Bartholomay, Carlos Antonio Abunader Kalil, Vanessa Giaretta, Luis Eduardo Paim Rohde
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies demonstrate that up to 40% of patients do not respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), thus, appropriate patient selection is critical to the success of CRT in heart failure. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of mortality predictors and response to CRT in the Brazilian scenario. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including patients submitted to CRT in a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil from 2008 to 2014. Survival was assessed through a database of the State Department of Health (RS)...
November 27, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185614/permanent-pacing-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-incidence-predictors-and-evolution-of-left-ventricular-function
#4
Cláudio Monteiro, Andres Di Leoni Ferrari, Paulo Ricardo Avancini Caramori, Luiz Antonio Ferreira Carvalho, Dimytri Alexandre de Alvim Siqueira, Luiz Eduardo Koenig São Thiago, Marco Perin, Valter C de Lima, Enio Guérios, Fabio Sandoli De Brito
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a well-established procedure; however, atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) is a common complication. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, predictors and clinical outcomes of PPI after TAVI, focusing on how PPI affects left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after TAVI. METHODS: The Brazilian Multicenter TAVI Registry included 819 patients submitted to TAVI due to severe aortic stenosis from 22 centers from January/2008 to January/2015...
November 27, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185613/waist-circumference-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-in-children-with-normal-body-mass-index-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-3-417-school-children
#5
Daiane Cristina Pazin, Caroline Filla Rosaneli, Márcia Olandoski, Edna Regina Netto de Oliveira, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Alyne S Figueredo, Analin Ono Baraniuk, Tatiana Lorena da Luz Kaestner, Luiz Cesar Guarita-Souza, José Rocha Faria-Neto
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity and associated conditions, such as hypertension, has become a major problem of public health. Although waist circumference (WC) is a marker of cardiovascular risk in adults, it is unclear whether this index is associated with cardiovascular risk factors in children. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between increased WC and elevated blood pressure (BP) in children with normal body mass index (BMI) ranges...
November 27, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166455/progression-and-prognosis-of-paravalvular-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#6
Rafael Alexandre Meneguz-Moreno, Antônio de Castro-Filho, Auristela Isabel de Oliveira Ramos, Mayra Zumarraga, David Le Bihan, Rodrigo Barretto, Dimytri Alexandre de Alvim Siqueira, Alexandre Antonio Cunha Abizaid, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego Sousa, J Eduardo Sousa
BACKGROUND: The impact of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of PVR on mortality and hospital readmission one year after TAVI. METHODS: Between January 2009 and June 2015, a total of 251 patients underwent TAVI with three different prostheses at two cardiology centers. Patients were assessed according to PVR severity after the procedure...
November 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160390/left-atrial-appendage-closure-with-amplatzer-cardiac-plug-in-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-safety-and-long-term-outcome
#7
Marcio José Montenegro da Costa, Esmeralci Ferreira, Edgard Freitas Quintella, Bernardo Amorim, Alexandre Fuchs, Ricardo Zajdenverg, Hugo Sabino, Denilson Campos de Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia with high risk for thromboembolic events, specially stroke. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) with the Amplatzer Cardiac Plug for the prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with nonvalvular AF. METHODS: This study included 15 patients with nonvalvular AF referred for LAAC, 6 older than 75 years (mean age, 69.4 ± 9.3 years; 60% of the male sex)...
November 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160389/protective-effect-of-ischemic-preconditioning-on-myocardium-against-remote-tissue-injury-following-transient-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-diabetic-rats
#8
Meltem Kumas, Ozge Altintas, Ersin Karatas, Abdurrahim Kocyigit
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (IPreC) could provide tissue-protective effect at a remote site by anti-inflammatory, neuronal, and humoral signaling pathways. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible protective effects of remote IPreC on myocardium after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in streptozotocin- induced diabetic (STZ) and non-diabetic rats. METHODS: 48 male Spraque Dawley rats were divided into eight groups: Sham, STZ, IPreC, MCAo, IPreC+MCAo, STZ+IPreC, STZ+MCAo and STZ+IPreC+MCAo groups...
November 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160388/incremental-prognostic-value-of-the-incorporation-of-clinical-data-into-coronary-anatomy-data-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-syntax-grace-score
#9
Mateus Dos Santos Viana, Fernanda Lopes, Antonio Mauricio Dos Santos Cerqueira, Jessica Gonzalez Suerdieck, André Barcelos da Silva, Ana Clara Barcelos da Silva, Thiago Menezes Barbosa de Souza, Manuela Campelo Carvalhal, Marcia Maria Noya Rabelo, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia
BACKGROUND: When performing coronary angiography in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the anatomical extent of coronary disease usually prevails in the prognostic reasoning. It has not yet been proven if clinical data should be accounted for in risk stratification together with anatomical data. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that clinical data increment the prognostic value of anatomical data in patients with ACS. METHODS: Patients admitted with objective criteria for ACS and who underwent angiography during hospitalization were included...
November 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267634/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.5935/abc.20170121].
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267633/association-between-syntax-score-and-coronary-collateral-circulationreplyinterarterial-coronary-anastomoses-occurrence-in-normal-hearts-and-in-certain-pathologic-conditionsthe-human-coronary-collateral-circulationcoronary-collateral-circulation-in-patients
#11
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267632/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-embolic-protection-system-in-a-patient-with-left-ventricle-apical-thrombus
#12
João Gonçalves Almeida, Sara Ferreira, Daniel Caeiro, José Ribeiro, Vasco Gama Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267631/combined-mitral-and-aortic-valvar-bioprosthesis-transcatheter-transapical-implant-first-description-in-brazil
#13
Roney Orismar Sampaio, Milena Ribeiro Paixão, Thais Taveira Miranda, Elinthon Tavares Veronese, José Honório de Almeida Palma, Flávio Tarasoutchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267630/case-6-2017-extensive-giant-left-coronary-artery-aneurysm-due-to-kawasaki-vasculitis-in-asymptomatic-48-year-old-man
#14
Edmar Atik, Roberto Kalil, Fabio Jatene, Júlio Cesar S Marino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267629/limitations-in-the-diagnosis-of-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy-by-echocardiography
#15
Viviane Tiemi Hotta, Sabrina Cunha Tendolo, Ana Clara Tude Rodrigues, Fábio Fernandes, Luciano Nastari, Charles Mady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267628/phytosterols-in-the-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#16
Carlos Eduardo Cabral, Márcia Regina Simas Torres Klein
Phytosterols are bioactive compounds found in foods of plant origin, which can be divided into plant sterols and plant stanols. Clinical studies consistently indicate that the intake of phytosterols (2 g/day) is associated with a significant reduction (8-10%) in levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol). Thus, several guidelines recommend the intake of 2 g/day of plant sterols and/or stanols in order to reduce LDL-cholesterol levels. As the typical western diet contains only about 300 mg/day of phytosterols, foods enriched with phytosterols are usually used to achieve the recommended intake...
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267627/comparison-of-secondary-prevention-status-between-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-coronary-artery-bypass-patients
#17
Xia-Qing Gao, Yanfang Li, Zhi-Li Jiang
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce regarding disparities in cardiovascular risk factor management between patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and those treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). OBJECTIVE: Whether the goal achievement rates of cardiovascular risk factors were different between PCI and CABG patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data retrieved from a clinical record database of patients admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014, who underwent PCI or CABG...
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267626/pericardial-parietal-mesothelial-cells-source-of-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-of-the-bovine-pericardial-fluid
#18
Ilsione Ribeiro de Sousa, Isabela Cabral Cavicchioli Pereira, Lourimar José de Morais, Livia das Graças Vieito Lombardi Teodoro, Maria Laura Pinto Rodrigues, Roseli Aparecida da Silva Gomes
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II (Ang II), the primary effector hormone of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), acts systemically or locally, being produced by the action of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) on angiotensin I. Although several tissue RASs, such as cardiac RAS, have been described, little is known about the presence of an RAS in the pericardial fluid and its possible sources. Locally produced Ang II has paracrine and autocrine effects, inducing left ventricular hypertrophy, fibrosis, heart failure and cardiac dysfunction...
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267625/2017-guidelines-for-arterial-hypertension-management-in-primary-health-care-in-portuguese-language-countries
#19
Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira, Miguel Mendes, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar Malachias, João Morais, Osni Moreira, Armando Serra Coelho, Daniel Pires Capingana, Vanda Azevedo, Irenita Soares, Alda Menete, Beatriz Ferreira, Miryan Bandeira Dos Prazeres Cassandra Soares, Mário Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267624/the-freedom-of-clinicians-and-the-art-of-the-impossible
#20
EDITORIAL
Hugo Madeira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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