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Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363215/anesthetic-management-in-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
F T Mendonça, I Barreto de Moura, D Pellizzaro, B J Grossi, R Carvalho Diniz
OBJECTIVE: We report the anesthesia management of a 15 years-old patient with neurofibromatosis type 1, scheduled for resection of a tumor located in the occipitocervical region. In addition, we review the pertaining literature, emphasizing the anesthetic implications of neurofibromatosis manipulation. CASE : A 15-years-old female patient, with Neurofibromatosis type 1 was diagnosed with a large tumor in occipitocervical region suggestive of a plexiform neurofibroma. She presented with cervical instability, difficulty in positioning due to the large cervical mass and other predictors of airway difficulty...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363214/recovery-of-brain-function-after-cardiac-arrest-case-report-and-review
#2
REVIEW
A Nekoui, del Carmen Escalante Tresierra, S Abdolmohammadi, S Charbonneau, G Blaise
Cerebral hypoxia during cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in survival victims. To reduce cerebral damage, studies focus on finding effective treatments during the resuscitation period. Our report focuses on a 36-year-old police officer who had had two cardiac arrests (one at home and one at the hospital). After acute treatment, his cardiac and brain functions recovered impressively. Neuropsychological results were normal except for mild anomia. He also reported some retrograde memory loss...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363213/correlation-of-bupivacaine-0-5-dose-and-conversion-from-spinal-anesthesia-to-general-anesthesia-in-cesarean-sections
#3
D Seljogi, A P Wolff, G J Scheffer, G J van Geffen, J Bruhn
BACKGROUND: Failed spinal anesthesia for cesarean sections may require conversion to general anesthesia. The aim of this study was to determine whether the administered spinal bupivacaine dose for performing a cesarean section under spinal anesthesia was related to the conversion rate to general anesthesia. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on 1252 electronic data and file of patients who underwent a cesarean section under spinal anesthesia between 2004 and 2011...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363212/ultrasound-assessment-of-lung-consolidation-and-reaeration-after-pleural-effusion-drainage-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#4
B Chinardet, H Brisson, C Arbelot, O Langeron, J J Rouby, Q Lu
PURPOSE: The aim of the pilot study was to assess by ultrasound changes in dimensions of lung consolidation and reaeration after drainage of large pleural effusion in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Lung ultrasound and blood gas were performed before, 2 hours (H2) and 24 hours (H24) after drainage of pleural effusion. Lung ultrasound aeration score was calculated. Cephalocaudal dimension and diaphragmatic transversal area of lung consolidation were measured...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363211/why-should-the-anesthesiologist-evaluate-nutritional-status
#5
REVIEW
C Dumont, D Lacrosse, Simonet, J L Schils, M de Kock
BACKGROUND: The anesthesiologist's involvement in perioperative medicine has significantly changed. In order to identify patients at risks of perioperative complications, the anesthesiologist has to consider, amongst others, screening and management of undernutrition. For this purpose knowledge of prevalence and risk factors, along with screening tools and guidelines for an adapted nutritional management and outcomes of renutrition are mandatory. The present review intends to provide these tools to the Anesthesiologists...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363210/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-france-a-point-of-view-from-experienced-regional-anesthesiologists
#6
R Fuzier, S Lammens, L Becuwe, B Bataille, J C Sleth, D Jochum, E Boselli
A cross-sectional survey study on French practice in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia was carried out. A questionnaire (demographic data, assessment of the likely benefits of ultrasonography, and its use in daily practice: blocks and hygiene) was emailed to all members of the French-speaking association of anesthesiologists involved in regional anesthesia. The questionnaire was filled out and returned by 634 experienced anesthesiologists. An ultrasound machine was available in 94% of cases. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia has become the gold standard technique for three-quarters of responders...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363209/chemical-ablation-of-stellate-ganglion-for-head-and-neck-cancer-pain
#7
A Ghai, T Kaushik, R Kumar, S Wadhera
We present a case of patient with orofacial cancer having pain on one side of face affecting her ability to speak, chew, swallow and sleep leading to emotional and behavioral deterioration. A diagnostic stellate ganglion block was performed followed by chemical neurolysis using phenol under ultrasound guidance, to prevent complications due to inadvertent spread of drug. Her pain scores decreased drastically, she was able to chew and swallow. Weighing the risk of permanent Horner's syndrome or motor paralysis with benefit of improvement in basic functioning of debilitated patients chemical neurolysis of stellate ganglion can be performed with advanced imaging modalities...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363208/stellate-ganglion-blockade-techniques-and-modalities
#8
A Ghai, T Kaushik, R Wadhera, S Wadhera
Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is utilized in the diagnosis and management of various vascular disorders and sympathetically mediated pain in upper extremity, head and neck. The stellate ganglion lies medial to the scalene muscles, lateral to longus coli muscle, esophagus, trachea and recurrent laryngeal nerve, anterior to C7 transverse process and prevertebral fascia, superior to the subclavian artery and posterior to vertebral vessels. Consequently, inadvertent placement of the needle tip into these soft tissues and vessels occur with blind technique...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108468/massive-transfusion-protocol-a-local-two-years-experience
#9
M Tonglet, J M Minon, F Pitance, S Degesves
Evidence supporting the implementation of a Massive Transfusion Protocol (MTP) and its effect on patients' outcome is still limited. However, we implemented in June 2013 a local MTP for trauma and nontrauma massively bleeding patients. Twenty months later, we propose here a short presentation of our MTP population and a critical analysis of the actual data supporting MTP implementation.
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108467/left-mainstem-bronchus-rupture-due-to-a-left-sided-double-lumen-tube
#10
E Cools, A P Neyrinck
Double lumen tubes (DLT) are a cornerstone in thoracic anaesthesia to achieve onelung ventilation. Due to the shape and size of these devices, airway injuries might occur. The reported incidence of tracheobronchial ruptures caused by a DLT is very low (0.005% for single-lumen tubes and 0.05% for double-lumen intubations), but the outcome can be life-threatening (1, 2). In the past, treatment of tracheobronchial ruptures was performed surgically, nowadays conservative treatment can be considered (3, 4). Here, we report a case of tracheobronchial rupture during oesophageal surgery...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108466/evaluation-of-intubating-conditions-in-children-after-sevoflurane-induction-using-propofol-or-rocuronium-bromide-a-randomised-prospective-double-blind-study
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Gera, J S Dali, K R Sharma, R Garg, M Arya
BACKGROUND: The use of sevoflurane without muscle relaxant for tracheal intubation has been widely investigated in children. Non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockers have long duration of action and do not provide rapid return of spontaneous ventilation. Use of suc-cinylcholine has been found to be associated with various side-effects especially in children. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the effect of propofol 1.5 mg/kg without muscle relaxant, on intubating conditions in children 2-8 yrs of age and we compare them with those achieved with rocuronium 0...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108465/comparison-of-airway-management-associated-hands-off-time-between-macintosh-and-airtraq%C3%A2-a-randomized-manikin-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Markos, P Niforopoulou, T Xanthos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108464/combined-spinal-epidural-for-labor-analgesia-with-low-dose-bupi-vacaine-but-without-any-opioid-in-the-spinal-component-can-we-improve-upon-the-traditional
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Mitra, J Arora, V Ahuja, N Takkar
AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of combined spinal-epidural (CSE, with the spinal component using low-dose heavy bupivacaine without opioid) with low-dose epidural analgesia in labor. METHODS: Sixty consenting adult parturients requesting epidural were randomly allocated to two equal groups to receive either low-dose epidural or CSE analgesia. The Epidural Group received 10ml of a mixture of 0.1% bupivacaine and 2 µg/ml fentanyl, followed by a 6 ml first bolus after 10 min if needed (not considered as a top-up)...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108463/identification-of-quality-indicators-for-the-nutritional-management-of-adult-hospitalized-patients-by-a-modified-delphi-process
#14
L Verbanck, J De Waele, I Duysburgh, L Van Looy, D Ysebaert, L Merckx, P Ferdinande
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify quality indicators (QI) that measure or evaluate the quality of nutritional management of the adult hospitalized patient irrespective of the primary disease or surgical condition. METHODS: During a modified Delphi procedure consisting of three rounds a 48 member expert panel selected quality indicators applicable to the subject focusing on validity and feasibility from a list of 89 candidate indicators, retrieved from the literature and completed by expert opinion...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767236/heart-rate-correction-should-be-kept-in-mind-during-measurements-of-ventricular-repolarization-parameters
#15
LETTER
Mehmet Dogan, Omer Yiginer, Haluk Un, Ibrahim Dagasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767235/comparison-of-conventional-infrainguinal-versus-modified-proximal-suprainguinal-approach-of-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kaushal Kumar, Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Amar Pal Bhalla, Lokesh Kashyap, Rakesh Garg, Vanlal Darlong, Rajesh Malhotra, Chandrashekhar S Yadav
Fascia Iliaca Compartment Block (FICB) has been widely used as a postoperative analgesic adjunct to opioids for total hip arthroplasty (THA), either by the conventional infrainguinal approach or the modified proximal suprainguinal approach irrespective of any specific advantage of one over the other. This study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of the two techniques of FICB for postoperative analgesia. The 40 patients scheduled for THA were recruited for Intervention (s) and randomized to receive FICB either by suprainguinal approach (group S) or infrainguinal approach (group I) for postoperative analgesia with 40 ml of 0...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767234/phrenic-nerve-palsy-following-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-a-long-lasting-serious-complication
#17
Marc P Buise, R Arthur Bouwman, Antal van der Gaag, Veerle Piot, H H M Korsten
Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISBPB) offers good analgesia for painful surgical procedures on the shoulder. We here describe two cases of long-term phrenic palsy following ISBPB that occurred in our practice in a relative short time period and both clearly illustrate the devastating impact of this complication for the patient. We will discuss the benefit of ISBPB in the context of the incidence and significant disability of hemi diaphragm paresis. Anesthesiologists must be aware of this complication and carefully weigh the advantages of ISPBP against the risks of this complication...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767233/a-novel-method-of-intubation-and-orogastric-tube-insertion-using-a-c-mac-d-blade-videolaryngoscope-bougie-technique
#18
André A J Van Zundert, Stephen P Gatt
INTRODUCTION: Expertise in airway management is a fundamental aspect of anesthesia practice. Fortunately 'can't intubate, can't ventilate' scenarios are extremely rare. In particular, patients with tumors on the right side of the oropharynx and larynx can be very problematic to intubate. METHODS: We present an alternative intubation technique, whereby a C-MAC D-blade videolaryngoscope is loaded with a Frova catheter in the narrow, curving channel within the blade's infero-posterior aspect on the left side of the blade...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767232/a-comparative-evaluation-of-the-airtraq-and-king-vision-video-laryngoscope-as-an-intubating-aid-in-adult-patients
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Qazi Ehsan Ali, Syed Hussain Amir, Shaista Jamil, Sarfaraz Ahmad
Airtraq has been shown to improve ease of intubation in patients with normal and difficult airway. King Vision video laryngoscope is a newly introduced intubating device with an attached monitor. We here hypothesized that the King Vision video laryngoscope with channeled blade performs better during intubation as compared to Airtraq. In this study, we performed a comparison between the King Vision video laryngoscope and the Airtraq with regard to time needed for intubation, number of attempts required to intubate, and complications...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767231/anesthesia-and-neurotoxicity-in-the-developing-brain-a-non-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Stefaan Van Biesen, Marc Van de Velde, Steffen Rex
In recent years, increasing experimental evidence has suggested an association between exposure to anesthesia in early life and subsequent poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Retrospective and follow-up studies have also suggested anesthesia-related neurotoxicity in the developing human brain. The present non-systematic review summarizes the available evidence, depicts the current knowledge on the potentially harmful effects of anesthesia and will discuss whether this knowledge urges us to implement changes in clinical practice...
2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
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