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Wiadomości Parazytologiczne

Jolanta Kozłowska-Łój
Between 2005 and 2008 cysticercosis caused by Cysticercus bovis was detected in 1485 (0.44%) animals out of 335 436 heads of cattle slaughtered in the Lublin province. This particular cysticercosis was observed each year. In the period 2005-2008 cysticercosis caused by Cysticercus cellulosae was found only in a few pigs (93 cases--0.0059% out of 1 577 370 examined pigs).
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Paulina Kilar
Domestic dogs in Poland are attacked by five species of ticks. The present study shows results of research on species of ticks, their intensity and prevalence of infection in the domestic dogs in the district of Rymanów (Subcarpathian province, Poland). Local research was conducted from 25 August 2005 to 27 October 2006 on 82 randomly selected dogs in the veterinarian centre in Rymanów. Collected ticks were put into tubes with 70% ethyl alcohol. Collected and full up ticks were examined straight after being taken out of the preserving liquid...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Małgorzata Zukiewicz, Maciej Kaczmarski, Magdalena Topczewska, Katarzyna Sidor, Barbara Mirosława Tomaszewska
The epidemiological and clinical purview of parasite diseases is constantly evolving, mainly due to the changes in human behavior and our environment. The aim of this study was frequency analysis of certain parasite infections, risk factors and clinical symptoms in children and adolescents of north-eastern Poland. 120 children were tested due to the symptoms resembling parasite infection from December 2008 to May 2009. 90 patients (the tested group) aged from 5 months to 18 years were found to be infected with one or more than one of the following parasites: Ascaris lumbricoides, Giardia lamblia, Toxocara spp...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Bogusława Szwaja, Leszek Romański, Michał Zabczyk
Dipylidium caninum is a common intestinal tapeworm of dogs, cats and foxes. However, it occasionally infects also humans. We present a case of D. caninum infection in a 2-year-old child living in the Subcarpathian province. The infection was asymptomatic in the first months. The symptoms of abdominal pains, sleep disorders, loss of appetite, hyperactivity and occasional slimy stools appeared later. Proglottids on the underwear, in water while bathing and mobile proglottids passed with the stool were also observed...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Piotr Solarczyk, Anna C Majewska
In this study total of 266 fecal samples from 242 animals belonging to 113 species kept in the Poznan Zoological Garden were examined for Giardia. The cysts of Giardia were found only in five samples of feces collected from a giant toad (Bufo marinus), tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla) and three individuals of cactus mouse (Peromyscus eremicus). Fragments of beta-giardin (bg), triose phosphate isomerase (tpi) and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) genes were successfully amplified only from the Giardia isolate obtained from the tamandua...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Małgorzata Raś-Noryńska, Maria Michalczyk, Rajmund Sokół
Coccidiosis caused by Eimeria spp. is a common parasitic disease in homing pigeons. The study objective was to evaluate the incidence of coccidia infections in pigeon lofts during racing season. The intensity of coccidiosis was determined by floatation analyses of faeces samples collected from three pigeon groups performed in three replications (before the racing season, in mid-season and after the end of racing season). The presence of coccidia oocysts was determined in all faeces samples in each replication...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Bozena Kiziewicz, Ewa Zdrojkowska, Bernadetta Gajo, Anna Godlewska, Elzbieta Muszyńska, Bozenna Mazalska
Studies of fungi and fungus- like organisms in the northeastern Poland have mainly concentrated on running waters in the vicinity of Białystok, including the Horodnianka River. The main objective was to investigate biodiversity of fungi and fungus-like organisms which take part in decomposition of organic matter commonly found in inland waters. To obtain a complete picture of species composition of fungi and fungus-like organisms in running waters we decided to explore representative sites of the Horodnianka River such as Olmonty, Hryniewicze and Horodniany with close localization of landfill...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Dariusz Kaczmarczyk, Alina Morawiec-Sztandera, Izabela Niedźwiecka, Piotr Kurnatowski
Cases of fungal infections are being encountered more often in clinical practice. The factors associated with a high risk of mycoses include, among others, corticosteroidotherapy, the administration antibiotics with wide spectrum of antibacterial properties, neutropenia, neoplasms. Fungi may play a role in cancer formation, may act as a complication in the course of treatment, and may mimic a neoplastic process by giving a similar clinical picture. In the case of fungal throat infection, patients complain of increased body temperature, a general feeling of weakness, malaise, headache, spontaneous pain intensifying during swallowing, a feeling of an obstacle in the throat or a cough...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Joanna Hildebrand, Marcin Popiołek, Grzegorz Zaleśny, Agnieszka Piróg
Opisthorchid digenean Pseudamphistomum truncatum (Rudolphi, 1819) was isolated from liver bile ducts of the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) found dead in the fishing pond complex near Wrocław (Lower Silesia, SW. Poland) in March 2009. Since this is the first record of the parasite in the otter from Poland, the description, biometrical data and figure are presented.
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Katarzyna Góralska
Early detection and correct diagnosis of fungal infection is important for further therapy and prophylaxis. Currently, there are a number of proposals related to rapid diagnostic tests. To those we can include chromogenic media, such as CHROMagar Candida (GRASO). This medium has been developed to differentiate four species of genus Candida. Its use in laboratory has opened up possibilities for growing not only the genus Candida, but also other fungi. The study suggests that medium CHROMagar Candida can provide an excellent pre-test, or be used as complementary to biochemical tests...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Thamir K Adday, Atheer H Ali
A new species of Ergasilus von Nordmann, 1832 (Copepoda: Ergasilidae) parasitic on the gills of two gobiid fishes Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes and Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell, 1930) from Shatt Al-Basrah Canal, Iraq, is described. The new species differs from all its congeners by a combination of character states including the shape of the body, and the structure and armature of the swimming legs.
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Jolanta Kozłowska-Łój
Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica L. infection among cattle slaughtered in the Lublin province in the years 2005-2008 was evaluated. The study draws its data from annual reports of the Veterinary Inspectorate in Lublin. The results of the study are as follows: the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica infection in the cattle of the Lublin province between 2005 and 2008 amounts to 21.24%.
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Katarzyna Królaczyk, Katarzyna M Kavetska, Elzbieta Kalisińska, Małgorzata R Nowak
Cloacotaenia megalops (Nitzsch in Creplin, 1892) is a polyxenic and cosmopolitan tapeworm from the family Hymenolepididae. Its generic name derives from their typical location (cloaca), and the typical final hosts which are birds typically associated with water and marsh environments: Anseriformes, Galliformes and Gruiformes. In Poland, the presence of C. megalops has been observed so far in 16 species of ducks from the Baltic coast, the Mazurian Lake District, Wielkopolsko-Kujawska Lowland, Mazovian Lowland, and Podlasie Lowland...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Kinga Plewa, Elzbieta Lone
Poultry production proved to be a significant source of bioaerosols. The exposure to high concentration of microorganisms in the air can cause primarily irritations, infections, allergies, and toxic effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the seasonal biodiversity of airborne fungi in the poultry house, in the surrounding area, as well as to estimate health risk. Seasonal investigations were conducted in the spring, summer, autumn and winter 2010 in the poultry house located near Wrocław in Lower Silesia (Poland)...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Magdalena Skóra, Anna B Macura
The genus Scopulariopsis is a common soil saprotroph and has been isolated from air, organic waste and also from plant, animal and human tissues. Scopulariopsis has mainly been associated in humans with superficial mycoses, but it has also been described as the cause of subcutaneous and invasive infections. The most common aetiological agent of infections in humans is Scopulariopsis brevicaulis. This species has been reported to be resistant in vitro to broad-spectrum antifungal agents available today. The aim of the study was to establish in vitro antifungal susceptibility of 35 S...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Pawel Krzyściak
Candida albicans is a major human fungal pathogen especially as an etiologic agent of opportunistic oral and genital infections. Moreover, C. albicans can be involved in the deep infections and recent evidence suggests that the majority of diseases produced by this pathogen are associated with biofilm growth. The aims of this study were to evaluate biofilm production ability of C. albicans strains isolated from different sources, and to evaluate the effect of serum for enhancement the growth of biofilm. The strains used in this study were obtained from three sources; 12 from feces of patients with gastrointestinal disturbances, 13 from the oral cavity of patients with oral candidiasis, and 16 from the vagina of patients with Candida vulvovaginitis (CVV)...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Agnieszka Gniadek, Anna B Macura
Infections related to modern surgical procedures present a difficult problem for contemporary medicine. Infections acquired during surgery represent a risk factor related to therapeutical interventions. Eradication of microorganisms from hospital operating theatre environment may contribute to reduction of infections as the laminar flow air-conditioning considerably reduces the number of microorganisms in the hospital environment. The objective of the study was to evaluate the occurrence of fungi in air-conditioned operating theatre rooms...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Maria Dynowska, Katarzyna Góralska, Piotr Troska, Grazyyna Barańska, Anna Biedunkiewicz, Elzbieta Ejdys, Ewa Sucharzewska
This paper reviews the results of an extensive monitoring study, spanning 20-years of observation from three medical centres in Olsztyn on the dynamics and species diversity of fungi most frequently colonizing the respiratory and digestive systems of humans. The experimental materials were swabs and specimens from the gastrointestinal tract, swabs from the oral cavity and pharynx, as well as sputum and bronchial fluid from the respiratory system. The biological material was subjected to routine mycological diagnostics, taxonomic determination and identification...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Elzbieta Gołab, Wioletta Rozej-Bielicka, Katarzyna Pancer
Primary infection with Pneumocystis jirovecii in small children may cause inflammation of the respiratory tract which requires hospitalization. Lack of characteristic clinical symptoms makes it impossible to recognize P. jirovecii infections without performing laboratory analyses. Nasopharyngeal swabs from 70 children with respiratory tract infections were screened for fragments of the P. jirovecii genome. Pneumocystis DNA was found in swabs taken from two (2.9%) of the tested children: a newborn who was infected in the hospital and a six month old baby admitted to hospital two days after pneumonia was diagnosed...
2011: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
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