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Alexander A Celik, Gwendolin S Simper, Wiebke Hiemisch, Rainer Blasczyk, Christina Bade-Döding
HLA-G is known for its strictly restricted tissue distribution. HLA-G expression could be detected in immune privileged organs and many tumor entities such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, and non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin's lymphoma. This functional variability from mediation of immune tolerance to facilitation of tumor immune evasion strategies might translate to a differential NK cell inhibition between immune-privileged organs and tumor cells. The biophysical invariability of the HLA-G heavy chain and its contrary diversity in immunity implicates a strong influence of the bound peptides on the pHLA-G structure...
March 30, 2018: Immunogenetics
Rebecca A Morgan, Julie A Karl, Hailey E Bussan, Katelyn E Heimbruch, David H O'Connor, Dawn M Dudley
Baboons are valuable models for complex human diseases due to their genetic and physiologic similarities to humans. Deep sequencing methods to characterize full-length major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I (MHC-I) alleles in different nonhuman primate populations were used to identify novel MHC-I alleles in baboons. We combined data from Illumina MiSeq sequencing and Roche/454 sequencing to characterize novel full-length MHC-I transcripts in a cohort of olive and hybrid olive/yellow baboons from the Southwest National Primate Research Center (SNPRC)...
March 28, 2018: Immunogenetics
Richard Schregle, Mei Min Mah, Stefanie Mueller, Annette Aichem, Michael Basler, Marcus Groettrup
The TNF and IFN-γ-inducible ubiquitin-like modifier HLA-F adjacent transcript 10 (FAT10) is most prominently expressed in immunological tissues but information regarding basal expression and inducibility of FAT10 in the different types of immune cells is still lacking. Hence, we investigated FAT10 mRNA expression in the major human and murine immune cell subsets, and FAT10 protein expression in human leukocytes. We isolated the different human leukocytes from peripheral blood and the murine immune cell subsets from spleen...
March 5, 2018: Immunogenetics
Svetlana O Sharapova, Alena V Valochnik, Irina E Guryanova, Inga S Sakovich, Olga V Aleinikova
Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by an early onset ataxia, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, recurrent infections, radio-sensitivity, and a predisposition to malignancy. We present the case of a child with coexistent AT and trisomy X (47,XXX). We used fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to confirm that this person had 47,XXX karyotype in blood cells, bone marrow, fibroblasts, and buccal smear. Standard cytogenetic studies (not banded) were conducted on blood cells...
February 28, 2018: Immunogenetics
Hanan Besser, Yoram Louzoun
Epitopes presented on MHC class I molecules pass multiple processing stages before their presentation on MHC molecules, the main ones being proteasomal cleavage and TAP binding. Transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) binding is a necessary stage for most, but not all, MHC-I-binding peptides. The molecular determinants of TAP-binding peptides can be experimentally estimated from binding experiments and from the properties of peptides inducing a CD8 T cell response. We here propose novel optimization formalisms to combine binding and activation experimental results to produce a classifier for TAP binding using dual-output kernel and deep learning approaches...
February 28, 2018: Immunogenetics
Marit K H van der Wiel, Gaby G M Doxiadis, N de Groot, N Otting, N G de Groot, N Poirier, G Blancho, R E Bontrop
The olive baboon represents an important model system to study various aspects of human biology and health, including the origin and diversity of the major histocompatibility complex. After screening of a group of related animals for polymorphisms associated with a well-defined microsatellite marker, subsequent MHC class I typing of a selected population of 24 animals was performed on two distinct next-generation sequencing (NGS) platforms. A substantial number of 21 A and 80 B transcripts were discovered, about half of which had not been previously reported...
February 24, 2018: Immunogenetics
G V González-Enríquez, B M Torres-Mendoza, J Márquez-Pedroza, M A Macías-Islas, G G Ortiz, J A Cruz-Ramos
The HLA-DRB1*15:01 allele has a demonstrated risk for the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) in most populations around the world. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3129934 is found in linkage disequilibrium with the risk haplotype formed by the HLA-DRB1*15:01 and HLA-DQB1*06:02 alleles, and it is considered a reliable marker of the presence of this haplotype. Native Americans have a null or low prevalence of MS. In this study, we sought to identify the frequency of rs3129934 in the Wixáreca ethnic group as well as in Mestizo (mixed race) patients with MS and in controls from western Mexico...
February 3, 2018: Immunogenetics
M Cortázar-Chinarro, Y Meyer-Lucht, A Laurila, J Höglund
MHC genes are key components in disease resistance and an excellent system for studying selection acting on genetic variation in natural populations. Current patterns of variation in MHC genes are likely to be influenced by past and ongoing selection as well as demographic fluctuations in population size such as those imposed by post-glacial recolonization processes. Here, we investigated signatures of historical selection and demography on an MHC class II gene in 12 moor frog populations along a 1700-km latitudinal gradient...
February 1, 2018: Immunogenetics
Andrew M Collins, Katherine J L Jackson
The immune systems of all mammals include populations of B cells producing antibodies with incredibly diverse specificities. Repertoire diversity has been described as the "miracle of immunology," and it was long thought to be the result of essentially stochastic processes. Recently, however, analysis of high throughput gene sequencing data has shown that hard-wired biases in these processes result in antibody repertoires that are broadly predictable. The repertoires of mice and humans are both predictable, but they are strikingly different...
March 2018: Immunogenetics
Stéphane Buhler, José Manuel Nunes, Alicia Sanchez-Mazas
The above article originally published with an incomplete bibliographic information for Bitarello et al. (2016) and presented correctly in this article.
February 2018: Immunogenetics
Olusola Ojurongbe, Roland I Funwei, Tara J Snyder, Iman Farid, Najihah Aziz, Yi Li, Catherine O Falade, Bolaji N Thomas
Susceptibility to malaria infection has been associated with host genetic polymorphisms that differs between groups. We hypothesize that Toll-interacting proteins (TOLLIP), vitamin D receptor (VDR) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) genes are significant contributors to susceptibility and disease severity in Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) infection. Our aim is to explore the genomic diversity and haplotype frequency of these genes, as well as extrapolate possible association with markers of severity, between malaria-infected and healthy controls...
February 2018: Immunogenetics
M Scott Killian, Fernando Teque, Ramu Sudhagoni
CD8+ T lymphocytes can reduce the production of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) by CD4+ T cells by cytotoxic and non-cytotoxic mechanisms. To investigate the involvement of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I compatibility in anti-HIV responses, we co-cultured primary CD8+ T cells, isolated from the peripheral blood of HIV-1-infected individuals, with panels of autologous and heterologous acutely HIV-1-infected primary CD4+ T cells. Altogether, CD8+ T cell anti-HIV activity was evaluated in more than 200 co-cultures...
February 2018: Immunogenetics
Paola Carrillo-Bustamante, Rob J de Boer, Can Keşmir
The activity of natural killer (NK) cells is tightly regulated by inhibitory and activating receptors. Inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (iKIRs) survey the surface of target cells by monitoring the expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I. The binding of iKIRs has been shown to be sensitive to the peptides presented by HLA class I, implying that iKIRs have the ability to detect the changes in the repertoire of peptide-HLA class I complexes (pHLA), a process occurring during viral infection and in tumor cells...
February 2018: Immunogenetics
Toshinori Saka, Yoshinori Nishita, Ryuichi Masuda
Isolated populations of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) on Tsushima and Iriomote islands in Japan are classified as subspecies P. b. euptilurus and P. b. iriomotensis, respectively. Because both populations have decreased to roughly 100, an understanding of their genetic diversity is essential for conservation. We genotyped MHC class II DRB exon 2 and MHC-linked microsatellite loci to evaluate the diversity of MHC genes in the Tsushima and Iriomote cat populations. We detected ten and four DRB alleles in these populations, respectively...
February 2018: Immunogenetics
Yuanyuan Cheng, Adam Polkinghorne, Amber Gillett, Elizabeth A Jones, Denis O'Meally, Peter Timms, Katherine Belov
Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) populations are on the decline across the majority of Australia's mainland. Two major diseases threatening the long-term survival of affected koala populations are caused by obligate intracellular pathogens: Chlamydia and koala retrovirus (KoRV). To improve our understanding of the koala immune system, we characterised their major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes, which are centrally involved in presenting foreign peptides derived from intracellular pathogens to cytotoxic T cells...
February 2018: Immunogenetics
Arash Salmaninejad, Vahid Khoramshahi, Alireza Azani, Ehsan Soltaninejad, Saeed Aslani, Mohammad Reza Zamani, Masoud Zal, Abolfazl Nesaei, Sayed Mostafa Hosseini
The programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is expressed by activated T cells that act as an immunoregulatory molecule, and are responsible for the negative regulation of T cell activation and peripheral tolerance. The PD-1 gene also encodes an inhibitory cell surface receptor involved in the regulation of T cell functions during immune responses/tolerance. Beyond potent inhibitory effects on T cells, PD-1 also has a role in regulating B cell and monocyte responses. An overexpression of PD-1 has been reported to contribute to immune system avoidance in different cancers...
February 2018: Immunogenetics
Janardan P Pandey, Aryan M Namboodiri, Paul J Nietert, Reiji Yoshimura, Hikaru Hori
Exposure to neurotropic viruses, such as herpes simplex virus type 1 and human cytomegalovirus, has been reported to be associated with cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. These viruses have evolved highly sophisticated strategies for decreasing the efficacy of the host immune response and interfering with viral clearance. Particular immunoglobulin GM (γ marker) genotypes modulate these viral immunoevasion strategies, influence antibody responsiveness to viral proteins, and are also associated with susceptibility to schizophrenia, providing an excellent rationale for determining their possible involvement in the cognitive functions in this highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder...
January 2018: Immunogenetics
Ronald Bontrop, Anneke Brand, Frans Claas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Immunogenetics
Diogo Meyer, Vitor R C Aguiar, Bárbara D Bitarello, Débora Y C Brandt, Kelly Nunes
Several decades of research have convincingly shown that classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci bear signatures of natural selection. Despite this conclusion, many questions remain regarding the type of selective regime acting on these loci, the time frame at which selection acts, and the functional connections between genetic variability and natural selection. In this review, we argue that genomic datasets, in particular those generated by next-generation sequencing (NGS) at the population scale, are transforming our understanding of HLA evolution...
January 2018: Immunogenetics
Susana David, Pedro Aguiar, Liliana Antunes, Alexandra Dias, Anabela Morais, Anavaj Sakuntabhai, João Lavinha
Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is characterized by chronic hemolysis, severe vasoocclusive crises (VOCs), and recurrent often severe infections. A cohort of 95 SCA pediatric patients was the background for genotype-to-phenotype association of the patient's infectious disease phenotype and three non-coding polymorphic regions of the TLR2 gene, the -196 to -174 indel, SNP rs4696480, and a (GT)n short tandem repeat. The infectious subphenotypes included (A) recurrent respiratory infections and (B) severe bacterial infection at least once during the patient's follow-up...
January 2018: Immunogenetics
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