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Journal of Biological Physics

B Velmurugan, P Senthilkumaar, S Karthikeyan
The use of pesticides in agriculture can make their way into the earth and wash into the amphibian system causing ecological stress. This study aims to understand the changes occurring in gill tissues as a result of fenvalerate exposure using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The intensity ratio of the selected bands I1545 /I1657, I2924 /I2853 , and I1045 /I1545 measures changes in proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. Curve-fitting analysis was performed in the selected band region to analyze the quantitative changes of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
Ágata Paim, Isabel C Tessaro, Nilo S M Cardozo, Patricia Pranke
Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field of research in which the cells, biomaterials, and processes can be optimized to develop a tissue substitute. Three-dimensional (3D) architectural features from electrospun scaffolds, such as porosity, tortuosity, fiber diameter, pore size, and interconnectivity have a great impact on cell behavior. Regarding tissue development in vitro, culture conditions such as pH, osmolality, temperature, nutrient, and metabolite concentrations dictate cell viability inside the constructs...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
V V Boiko, V R Romanyuk, O P Gnatyuk, O O Ilchenko, S O Karakhim, A V Korovin, G I Dovbeshko
The impact of confinement of DNA molecules in a limited volume of the cavity of photonic crystals (PC) on the vibrational properties of the DNA molecule and its conformation is studied. According to our preliminary study, the aqueous shell is removed when the DNA molecules are infiltrated into the PC cavities. Raman scattering (RS) DNA marker lines showed a dramatic conformational change of DNA in the PC cavities and the appearance of new unknown conformational states. We observed the enhancement of vibrational modes of DNA in the PC in comparison with free DNA of about tenfold and the absence of vibrational modes in DNA bases in a region of 1450-1700 cm-1 ...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
Alexander Y Grosberg, Robijn Bruinsma
The Lifshitz equation for the confinement of a linear polymer in a spherical cavity of radius R has the form of the Schrödinger equation for a quantum particle trapped in a potential well with flat bottom and infinite walls at radius R. We show that the Lifshitz equation of a confined annealed branched polymer has the form of the Schrödinger equation for a quantum harmonic oscillator. The resulting confinement energy has a 1/R4dependence on the confinement radius R, in contrast to the case of confined linear polymers, which have a 1/R2dependence...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
Ahsan Walait, A M Siddiqui, M A Rana
The present theoretical analysis deals with biomechanics of the self-propulsion of a swimming sheet with heat transfer through non-isothermal fluid filling an inclined human cervical canal. Partial differential equations arising from the mathematical modeling of the proposed model are solved analytically. Flow variables like pressure gradient, propulsive velocity, fluid velocity, time mean flow rate, fluid temperature, and heat-transfer coefficients are analyzed for the pertinent parameters. Striking features of the pumping characteristics are explored...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
Fernando Maia de Oliveira, João Benhur Mokochinski, Yohandra Reyes Torres, Herta Stutz Dalla Santa, Pedro Pablo González-Borrero
This paper describes the application of the photoacoustic spectroscopic (PAS) for detection of bioactive compounds in Agaricus brasiliensis mycelium. The mycelium was cultivated by solid-state fermentation and by submerged fermentation. Vegetal residues from food industry were used as substrates for fermentation: apple pomace (Malus domestica), wheat (Triticum aestivum), peel and pomace of pineapple (Ananas comosus), malt (Hordeum vulgare) and grape pomace (Vitis vinifera). Dry and ground samples of biomass were directly put into the PA cell...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
A J da Silva, S Floquet, D O C Santos
The authors apologize for the following errors published in the article. However, these errors do not modify the main assumptions in our work nor affects the discussion (interpretation) of the results.
March 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
A J da Silva, S Floquet, D O C Santos
The theoretical basis of neuronal coding, associated with short-term degradation in synaptic transmission, is a matter of debate in the literature. In fact, electrophysiological signals are commonly characterized as inversely proportional to stimulus intensity. Among theoretical descriptions of this phenomenon, models based on 1/f-dependency are employed to investigate the biophysical properties of short-term synaptic depression. In this work, we formulate a model based on a paradigmatic q-differential equation to obtain a generalized formalism useful for investigation of nonextensivity in this specific type of synaptic plasticity...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
Mariska G M van Rosmalen, Glen R Nemerow, Gijs J L Wuite, Wouter H Roos
Viruses are extensively studied as vectors for vaccine applications and gene therapies. For these applications, understanding the material properties of viruses is crucial for creating optimal functionality. Using atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanoindentation, we studied the mechanical properties of human adenovirus type 5 with the fiber of type 35 (Ad5F35) and compared it to viral capsids with a single point mutation in the protein VI precursor protein (pVI-S28C). Surprisingly, the pVI-S28C mutant turned out to be twice as stiff as the Ad5F35 capsids...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Stuart Ibsen, Ruben Mora, Guixin Shi, Carolyn Schutt, Wenjin Cui, Michael Benchimol, Viviana Serra, Sadik Esener
Gas-filled microbubbles attached to cell surfaces can interact with focused ultrasound to create microstreaming of nearby fluid. We directly observed the ultrasound/microbubble interaction and documented that under certain conditions fluorescent particles that were attached to the surface of live cells could be removed. Fluorescently labeled liposomes that were larger than 500 nm in diameter were attached to the surface of endothelial cells using cRGD targeting to αvβ3 integrin. Microbubbles were attached to the surface of the cells through electrostatic interactions...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Vladimir A Andryushchenko, Sergei F Chekmarev
Owing to its small size and very fast folding rate, the Trp-cage miniprotein has become a benchmark system to study protein folding. Two folding pathways were found to be characteristic of this protein: pathway I, in which the hydrophobic collapse precedes the formation of α-helix, and pathway II, in which the events occur in the reverse order. At the same time, the relative contribution of these pathways at different temperatures as well as the nature of transition from one pathway to the other remain unclear...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Samuel H McGuire, Edward A Rietman, Hava Siegelmann, Jack A Tuszynski
We investigate free energy behavior in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans during embryonic development. Our approach utilizes publicly available gene expression data, which gives us a picture of developmental changes in protein concentration and, resultantly, chemical potential and free energy. Our results indicate a clear global relationship between Gibbs free energy and time spent in development and provide thermodynamic indicators of the large-scale biological events of cell division and differentiation...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Tamer Abdalrahman, Thomas Franz
In this study, we used a continuum model based on contact mechanics to understand the mechanics of merozoite invasion into human erythrocytes. This model allows us to evaluate the indentation force and work as well as the contact pressure between the merozoite and erythrocyte for an early stage of invasion (γ = 10%). The model predicted an indentation force of 1.3e-11 N and an indentation work of 1e-18 J. The present analytical model can be considered as a useful tool not only for investigations in mechanobiology and biomechanics but also to explore novel therapeutic targets for malaria and other parasite infections...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Sitichoke Amnuanpol
Double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) undergoes a structural transition to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in many biologically important processes such as replication and transcription. This strand separation arises in response either to thermal fluctuations or to external forces. The roles of ions are twofold, shortening the range of the interstrand potential and renormalizing the DNA elastic modulus. The dsDNA-to-ssDNA transition is studied on the basis that dsDNA is regarded as a bound state while ssDNA is regarded as an unbound state...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Marcin Lipowczan, Mariusz Pietruszka
This paper presents a Fourier analysis of the Ortega equation that examines the growth dynamics of plants, specifically the pollen tubes or non-meristematic zones of elongating coleoptiles. A frequency-induced transition from highly nonlinear (periodical) growth-like the one observed in pollen tubes-to monotonically ascending and asymptotically saturated (sigmoid-like) growth, which is anticipated within the framework of a 'two-fluid model', is shown. A dynamic phase diagram is calculated and presented in the form of a live video clip...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Wei-Ju Chung, Yujia Cui, Chi-Shuo Chen, Wesley H Wei, Rong-Shing Chang, Wun-Yi Shu, Ian C Hsu
DNA samples are commonly frozen for storage. However, freezing can compromise the integrity of DNA molecules. Considering the wide applications of DNA molecules in nanotechnology, changes to DNA integrity at the molecular level may cause undesirable outcomes. However, the effects of freezing on DNA integrity have not been fully explored. To investigate the impact of freezing on DNA integrity, samples of frozen and non-frozen bacteriophage lambda DNA were studied using optical tweezers. Tension (5-35 pN) was applied to DNA molecules to mimic mechanical interactions between DNA and other biomolecules...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Esmaeal Ghavanloo
Persistence length is one of the most interesting properties of a molecular chain, which is used to describe the stiffness of a molecule. The experimentally measured values of the persistence length of the collagen molecule are widely scattered from 14 to 180 nm. Therefore, an alternative approach is highly desirable to predict the persistence length of a molecule and also to explain the experimental results. In this paper, a nonlocal viscoelastic model is developed to obtain the persistence length of the collagen molecules in solvent...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Brandon L Barney, Daniel E Austin
A novel image-charge detection technique was used to investigate the mechanical elasticity of bare bacterial spores during high-velocity impact. Spores of Bacillus subtilis introduced to vacuum using electrospray and aerodynamic acceleration impacted and rebounded off of a glass plate. A dual-stage, asymmetric image-charge detector measured the velocity and direction of each spore both before and after impact with the glass surface. Two ranges of impact velocity were investigated, with average initial velocities of 197 ± 17 and 145 ± 12 m/s...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Ying Wang, Xuguang Shi
In general, the geometric structure of DNA is characterized using an elastic rod model. The Landau model provides us a new theory to study the geometric structure of DNA. By using the decomposition of the arc unit in the helical axis of DNA, we find that the free-energy density of DNA is similar to the free-energy density of a two-condensate superconductor. By using the φ-mapping topological current theory, the torus knot soliton hidden in DNA is demonstrated. We show the relation between the geometric structure and free-energy density of DNA and the Frenet equations in differential geometry theory are considered...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
Vlado A Buljan, Manuel B Graeber, R M Damian Holsinger, Daniel Brown, Brett D Hambly, Edward J Delikatny, Vladimira R Vuletic, Xavier N Krebs, Ilijan B Tomas, John J Bohorquez-Florez, Guo Jun Liu, Richard B Banati
We have used cell culture of astrocytes aligned within microchannels to investigate calcium effects on primary cilia morphology. In the absence of calcium and in the presence of flow of media (10 μL.s(-1)) the majority (90%) of primary cilia showed reversible bending with an average curvature of 2.1 ± 0.9 × 10(-4) nm(-1). When 1.0 mM calcium was present, 90% of cilia underwent bending. Forty percent of these cilia demonstrated strong irreversible bending, resulting in a final average curvature of 3...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
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