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Cell and Tissue Research

Anurati Saha, Rebecca Rolfe, Simon Carroll, Daniel J Kelly, Paula Murphy
Chondrogenesis in vivo is precisely controlled in time and space. The entire limb skeleton forms from cells at the core of the early limb bud that condense and undergo chondrogenic differentiation. Whether they form stable cartilage at the articular surface of the joint or transient cartilage that progresses to hypertrophy as endochondral bone, replacing the cartilage template of the skeletal rudiment, is spatially controlled over several days in the embryo. Here, we follow the differentiation of cells taken from the early limb bud (embryonic day 11...
October 22, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Megan O'Reilly, Bernard Thébaud
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 11 % of all births worldwide. Advances in perinatal care have enabled the survival of preterm infants born as early as 23-24 weeks of gestation. However, many are affected by bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)-a common respiratory complication of preterm birth, which has life-long consequences for lung health. Currently, there is no specific treatment for BPD. Recent advances in stem cell research have opened new therapeutic avenues for prevention/repair of lung damage...
October 22, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Bassem Refaat, Jawwad Ahmad, Shakir Idris, Fadi Fayez Kamfar, Ahmed Mohamed Ashshi, Sarah Abdullah Batwa, Faizah Ahmed Malibary
This is a prospective observational study that measures the expression of vitamin D (VD) metabolising and signalling molecules and Ca(2+) sensing receptor (CaSR) in human Fallopian tube (FT) during the menstrual cycle and ectopic pregnancy (EP). Fresh FTs were obtained during total abdominal hysterectomy at the follicular (n = 16) and midluteal (n = 16) phases. Specimens from remote and implantation sites as well as trophoblastic tissues were also freshly collected from each FT with EP (n = 10)...
October 22, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Philippe Gauthier, Zongdong Yu, Quynh T Tran, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Bhatti, Xiaofei Zhu, George T-J Huang
Regeneration of periodontal tissues, particularly cementum, is key to regaining periodontal attachment and health. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) have been shown to be a good cell source to regenerate periodontal tissues. However, their subpopulations and the differentiation induction in relation to cementogenic lineages is unclear. Thus, we aim to examine the expression of cementum-associated genes in PDLSC subpopulations and determine the effect of broadly used osteogenic stimulus or vitamin C (VC) on the expression of cementogenic and osteogenic genes in PDLSCs...
October 18, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Daniel Pelaez, Zenith Acosta Torres, Tsz Kin Ng, Kwong Wai Choy, Chi Pui Pang, Herman S Cheung
Cellular therapies for the treatment of myocardial infarction have proven to be an invaluable tool in recent years and provide encouraging evidence for the possibility to restore normal heart function. However, questions still remain as to the optimal cell source, pre-conditioning methods and delivery techniques for such an application. This study explores the use of a population of stem cells arising from the neural crest and isolated from adult human periodontal ligament along with short-term mechanical strain as an inducer of cardiomyogenesis and possibly pre-conditioning stimulus for cellular cardiomyoplasty...
October 17, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Christina Brandenberger, Christian Mühlfeld
Lung aging is associated with structural remodeling, a decline of respiratory function and a higher susceptibility to acute and chronic lung diseases. Individual factors that modulate pulmonary aging include basic genetic configuration, environmental exposure, life-style and biography of systemic diseases. However, the actual aging of the lung takes place in pulmonary resident cells and is closely linked to aging of the immune system (immunosenescence). Therefore, this article reviews the current knowledge about the impact of aging on pulmonary cells and the immune system, without analyzing those factors that may accelerate the aging process in depth...
October 14, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
F Borghi, B Sevá-Pessôa, D M Grassi-Kassisse
Cardiometabolic diseases are linked to a cluster of modifiable factors, including risk factors closely related to central adiposity. Chronic renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation has far-reaching effects on cardiometabolic risk and is a substantial contributor to this clinical condition. RAAS components are locally expressed in the vessels and adipose tissue. This review appoints RAAS, through the classical and the alternative view, as the main mediator of the cross-talk in cardiometabolic syndrome...
October 12, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Alexander Brobeil, Eric Dietel, Stefan Gattenlöhner, Monika Wimmer
The protein tyrosine phosphatase interacting protein 51 (PTPIP51) is thought to regulate crucial cellular functions such as mitosis, apoptosis, migration, differentiation and communication between organelles as a scaffold protein. These diverse functions are modulated by the tyrosine/serine phosphorylation status of PTPIP51. This review interconnects the insights obtained about the action of PTPIP51 in mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling, nuclear factor kB signaling, calcium homeostasis and chromosomal segregation and identifies important signaling hubs...
October 12, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Junbi Xv, Qianwen Ming, Xiaotong Wang, Wenjing Zhang, Zheng Li, Shuai Wang, Yulin Li, Lisha Li
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by lack of insulin and irreversible destruction of islet β cells. In order to alleviate the symptoms, lifelong exogenous insulin administration has been the primary treatment of T1DM. In recent years, as a novel promising therapy, the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with or without pancreatic islets has achieved great therapeutic effects in animal models due to their multipotency along with their secretion of cytokines, angiogenic factors and immunomodulatory substances...
October 10, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Jiabing Shen, Xiaomei Chen, Hongmei Li, Yang Wang, Keke Huo, Kaifu Ke
Recently, NIX, a pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein, was found to be a novel p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) binding protein by screening a human fetal brain two-hybrid library in our laboratory. We further study the interaction of these two proteins and the possible roles of p75(NTR) and NIX in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced neuronal death. Using the split-ubiquitin yeast two-hybrid system, we found that the "Copper" domain in p75(NTR) and the TM region in NIX were sufficient for the interaction of these two proteins...
October 10, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Mariana Matera Veras, Nilmara de Oliveira Alves, Lais Fajersztajn, Paulo Saldiva
Various environmental contaminants are known to impair the growth trajectories of major organs, indirectly (gestational exposure) or directly (postnatal exposure). Evidence associates pre-gestational and gestational exposure to air pollutants with adverse birth outcomes (e.g., low birth weight, prematurity) and with a wide range of diseases in childhood and later in life. In this review, we explore the way that pre-gestational and gestational exposure to air pollution affects lung development. We present results in topics underlining epidemiological and toxicological evidence...
October 10, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Stefania Tammaro, Palma Simoniello, Filomena Ristoratore, Ugo Coppola, Rosaria Scudiero, Chiara Maria Motta
In this study, our aim was to determine whether caspase 3 plays a role, during previtellogenesis, in the ovarian follicular epithelium of the lizard Podarcis sicula. We investigated the presence and localization of proform and active caspase 3 by enzyme assay, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. In parallel, a fragment of caspase 3 was cloned for the first time in this species, sequenced and used for in situ hybridization to localize messengers and analysed by a phylogenetic survey to shed light on its homology with reptilian caspases...
October 7, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Claudette Rabinowitz, Elisabeth Moiseeva, Baruch Rinkevich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Renate Matzke-Karasz, Robin J Smith, Martin Heß
Previous studies of cypridoidean ostracods have noted that (1) their giant spermatozoa are immotile inside the male, (2) these spermatozoa are motile in the female seminal receptacle and (3) these receptacles are often filled with empty sperm coats. Such findings have led previous authors to hypothesize that sperm must shed their coats in the female receptacle to become motile. We present light and electron microscopy results and video recordings of mating experiments with virgin specimens of Mytilocypris mytiloides...
October 5, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Weiyi Zhang, Yuanyuan Shao, Yinghe Qin, Yingjie Wu
Heat shock factors (HSFs) are critical regulators of spermatogenesis. However, heat shock responses, the associated components and the underlying functional mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we characterize the expression pattern of HSFY, a member of the HSF family in the testis and epididymis. Its expression in testis and epididymis was initially identified by western blots. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that HSFY was confined to the cytoplasm of late spermatocytes and spermatids in adult testes, gonocytes in newborn testes and undifferentiated spermatogonia in 7 days post-parturition testes...
September 30, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
F B Peter Wooding, Ian H Mather
This paper reports a detailed ultrastructural and immunocytochemical investigation of the structure of the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) in a variety of species. The process follows the same pattern in all mammals so far investigated. The initial (or primary) MFGM immediately on release from the mammary cell is a continuous unit membrane with a thin underlying layer of cytoplasmic origin and a monolayer of phospholipid separating it from the core lipid. This structure changes rapidly as the milk fat globule (MFG) moves into the alveolar lumen...
September 27, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Praween Kumar Choubey, Jagat Kumar Roy
Rab11, a small monomeric GTPase associated with recycling endosomes, is a key molecule in the regulation of vesicular trafficking and is involved in the development and differentiation of many Drosophila tissues through interaction with diverse signaling pathways. In this study, we report for the first time that Rab11 affects endoreplication through a Ras-mediated pathway. Suppression of Rab11 activity in salivary glands, an endoreplicating tissue, leads to reduction in size of salivary glands with cells having a small nucleus...
September 27, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Tereza C Cardoso, Lucas H Okamura, Jamila C Baptistella, Roberto Gameiro, Helena L Ferreira, Márcia Marinho, Eduardo F Flores
The possibility of isolating bovine mesenchymal multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) from fetal adnexa is an interesting prospect due to the potential use of these cells in biotechnological applications. However, little is known about the properties of these progenitor cells in bovine species. Wharton's jelly (WJ) MSC cells were obtained from the umbilical cord of bovine fetuses at three different stages of pregnancy and divided into groups 1, 2 and 3 according to gestational trimester. Cell morphology, from the three stages of pregnancy, typically appeared fibroblast-like spindle-shaped, presenting the same viability and number...
September 27, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Matthias Kamper, Mats Paulsson, Frank Zaucke
Collagen IX (Col IX) is a component of the cartilage extracellular matrix and contributes to its structural integrity. Polymorphisms in the genes encoding the Col IX ɑ2- and ɑ3-chains are associated with early onset of disc degeneration. Col IX-deficient mice already display changes in the spine at the newborn stage and premature disc degeneration starting at 6 months of age. To determine the role of Col IX in early spine development and to identify molecular mechanisms underlying disc degeneration, the embryonic development of the spine was analyzed in Col IX -/- mice...
September 25, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Sergey Shabelnikov
In the present study, the anatomical association and functional interaction between nerve fibres and granular cells in the atrium of the snail Achatina achatina are investigated using a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), pharmacological and immunofluorescence techniques. The SEM studies support a close anatomical association of axons with granular cells and new features of surface morphology are revealed. Pharmacological experiments showed that both serotonin and FMRFamide were able to induce degranulation of granular cells and the release of cysteine-rich atrial secretory protein...
September 23, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
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