Read by QxMD icon Read

Cell and Tissue Research

Daisuke Kondoh, Motoki Sasaki, Nobuo Kitamura
Receptor cells of the olfactory epithelium (OE) and vomeronasal organ (VNO) project axons to glomeruli in the main olfactory bulb (MOB) and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB), respectively and undergo continuous turnover throughout life. Alpha1-2 fucose (α1-2Fuc) glycan mediates neurite outgrowth and synaptic plasticity and plays important roles in the formation of the olfactory system during development. We previously confirmed the localization of α1-2Fuc glycan in the olfactory system of 3- to 4-month-old mice but whether such localization persists throughout life remains unknown...
March 19, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Keita Harada, Hidetada Matsuoka, Masumi Inoue
The published online version contains some mistakes for the additional corrections were missed by typesetter which also include the replacement of Fig. 5.
March 19, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Morten Møller, Johannes R Busch, Christina Jacobsen, Sissel B Lundemose, Niels Lynnerup, Martin F Rath, Jytte Banner
The morphology and neurophysin expression of the magnocellular accessory neuroendocrine system located in the rostral human hypothalamus is investigated in a series of brains obtained at autopsy. The hypothalami were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin, or after cryoprotection, frozen for cryostat sectioning. Paraffin sections were either stained with Luxol Fast blue or immunoreacted for neurophysin I or neurophysin II, the precursor molecule for oxytocin and vasopressin. Further, 50-μm-thick serial cryostat sections were immunoreacted with the same antibodies...
March 16, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
K J Billingsley, S Bandres-Ciga, S Saez-Atienzar, A B Singleton
Over the last two decades, we have witnessed a revolution in the field of Parkinson's disease (PD) genetics. Great advances have been made in identifying many loci that confer a risk for PD, which has subsequently led to an improved understanding of the molecular pathways involved in disease pathogenesis. Despite this success, it is predicted that only a relatively small proportion of the phenotypic variability has been explained by genetics. Therefore, it is clear that common heritable components of disease are still to be identified...
March 13, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Nikos Schizas, N König, B Andersson, S Vasylovska, J Hoeber, E N Kozlova, N P Hailer
The acute phase of spinal cord injury is characterized by excitotoxic and inflammatory events that mediate extensive neuronal loss in the gray matter. Neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) can exert neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects that may be mediated by soluble factors. We therefore hypothesize that transplantation of NCSCs to acutely injured spinal cord slice cultures (SCSCs) can prevent neuronal loss after excitotoxic injury. NCSCs were applied onto SCSCs previously subjected to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced injury...
March 7, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Hana You, Louise-Laure Mariani, Graziella Mangone, Delphine Le Febvre de Nailly, Fanny Charbonnier-Beaupel, Jean-Christophe Corvol
There is currently no cure for Parkinson's disease. The symptomatic therapeutic strategy essentially relies on dopamine replacement whose efficacy was demonstrated more than 50 years ago following the introduction of the dopamine precursor, levodopa. The spectacular antiparkinsonian effect of levodopa is, however, balanced by major limitations including the occurrence of motor complications related to its particular pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Other therapeutic strategies have thus been developed to overcome these problems such as the use of dopamine receptor agonists, dopamine metabolism inhibitors and non-dopaminergic drugs...
March 7, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Zahra Bagheri-Hosseinabadi, Seyed Alireza Mesbah-Namin, Parvin Salehinejad, Fatemeh Seyedi
Human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) are capable of differentiation into many cells including cardiac cells. Different types of scaffolds are used for cell differentiation but the best is yet to be determined. In this study, fibrin scaffold (3D) was fabricated using human plasma fibrinogen and compared with culture plates (2D) for the growth and differentiation of hADSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells. For this purpose, after obtaining the properties of the isolated hADSCs and fibrin scaffold, four biochemical tests were employed to determine the relative growth rate of hADSCs in 2D and 3D cultures...
March 6, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Tao Zhang, Pan Wang, Yanxia Liu, Jiankang Zhou, Zhenqing Shi, Kang Cheng, Tuanjie Huang, Xinxin Wang, Greta Luyuan Yang, Bo Yang, Shanshan Ma, Fangxia Guan
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are unique precursor cells characterized by active self-renewal and differentiation potential. These cells offer the advantages of ease of isolation and limited ethical issues as a resource and represent a promising cell therapy for neurodegenerative diseases. However, replicative senescence during cell culture as well as low efficiency of cell migration and differentiation after transplantation are major obstacles. In our previous study, we found that FOXQ1 binds directly to the SIRT1 promoter to regulate cellular senescence and also promotes cell proliferation and migration in many tumor cell lines...
March 3, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Keita Harada, Hidetada Matsuoka, Masumi Inoue
M-type K+ channels contribute to the resting membrane potential in the sympathetic ganglion neurons of various animals, whereas their expression in adrenal medullary (AM) cells has been controversial. The present experiment aims to explore the expression of M channels comprising the KCNQ2 subunit in the rat AM cell and its immortalized cell line PC12 cells at the protein level and how its expression in PC12 cells is regulated. The KCNQ2 isoform was recognized in homogenates of PC12 cells but not the rat adrenal medullae by immunoblotting and KCNQ2-like immunoreactivity (IR) was detected in PC12 cells but not in rat AM cells...
February 27, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Denise Damasceno Guerreiro, Laritza Ferreira de Lima, Gildas Tetaping Mbemya, Carolina Mielgo Maside, André Marrocos Miranda, Kaio César Simiano Tavares, Benner Geraldo Alves, Luciana Rocha Faustino, Johan Smitz, José Ricardo de Figueiredo, Ana Paula Ribeiro Rodrigues
The multidrug resistance proteins ABCB1, ABCC2 and ABCG2 are an energy-dependent efflux pump that functions in systemic detoxification processes. Physiologically expressed in a variety of tissues, most abundantly in the liver and intestinal epithelia, placenta, blood-brain barrier and various stem cells, until now, these pumps were not identified in goat ovarian tissue. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze ABCB1, ABCC2, and ABCG2 mRNA and protein expression in goat preantral follicles. Fragments (3 × 3 × 1 mm) from five pairs of ovary (n = 10) obtained from five goat were collected and immediately submitted to qPCR, Western blot, and immunofluorescence assay for mRNA detection and identification and localization of the ABC transporters, respectively...
February 27, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Jennifer A Steiner, Emmanuel Quansah, Patrik Brundin
Parkinson's disease is characterized by the loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic signaling and the presence of alpha-synuclein aggregates (also called Lewy bodies and neurites) throughout the brain. In 2003, Braak and colleagues created a staging system for Parkinson's disease describing the connection between the alpha-synuclein pathology and disease severity. Later, they suggested that the pathology might initially be triggered by exogenous insults targeting the gut and olfactory system. In 2008, we and other groups documented Lewy pathology in grafted neurons in people with Parkinson's disease who had been transplanted over a decade prior to autopsy...
February 26, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Jing Ding, Qin Han, Mou Deng, Xiao-Chen Song, Chun Chen, Fang-Fang Ai, Lan Zhu, Robert Chun-Hua Zhao
HUMSCs were isolated, differentiated and characterized in vitro. Both HUMSCs and smooth muscle cells differentiated from HUMSCs were used to fabricate tissue-engineered fascia equivalents. Forty-eight mature female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: group A (GynemeshTMPS, n = 12), group B (GynemeshTMPS + HUMSCs; n = 12), group C (GynemeshTMPS + smooth muscle cells differentiated from HUMSCs; n = 12) and group D (GynemeshTMPS + HUMSCs + smooth muscle cells differentiated from HUMSCs; n = 12)...
February 26, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Hiroki Ueharu, Saishu Yoshida, Naoko Kanno, Kotaro Horiguchi, Naoto Nishimura, Takako Kato, Yukio Kato
The published online version contains mistake in Table 1, Table 2, and some data in Materials and Methods.
February 26, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Marc Schulte, Johannes Köster, Sven Rahmann, Alexander Schramm
The notion of cancer as a complex evolutionary system has been validated by in-depth molecular analyses of tumor progression over the last years. While a complex interplay of cell-autonomous programs and cell-cell interactions determines proliferation and differentiation during normal development, intrinsic and acquired plasticity of cancer cells allow for evasion of growth factor limitations, apoptotic signals, or attacks from the immune system. Treatment-induced molecular selection processes have been described by a number of studies already, but understanding of those events facilitating metastatic spread, organ-specific homing, and resistance to anoikis is still in its early days...
February 24, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Elke Edelmann, Volkmar Lessmann
The catecholamine dopamine plays an important role in hippocampus-dependent plasticity and related learning and memory processes. Dopamine secretion in the hippocampus is activated by, e.g., salient or novel stimuli, thereby helping to establish and to stabilize hippocampus-dependent memories. Disturbed dopaminergic function in the hippocampus leads to severe pathophysiological conditions. While the role and importance of dopaminergic modulation of hippocampal networks have been unequivocally proven, there is still a lack of detailed molecular and cellular mechanistic understanding of how dopamine orchestrates these hippocampal processes...
February 22, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Nanduri R Prabhakar, Ying-Jie Peng, Guoxiang Yuan, Jayasri Nanduri
Sleep apnea is a prevalent respiratory disease characterized by periodic cessation of breathing during sleep causing intermittent hypoxia (IH). Sleep apnea patients and rodents exposed to IH exhibit elevated sympathetic nerve activity and hypertension. A heightened carotid body (CB) chemoreflex has been implicated in causing autonomic abnormalities in IH-treated rodents and in sleep apnea patients. The purpose of this article is to review the emerging evidence showing that interactions between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and gaseous transmitters as a mechanism cause hyperactive CB by IH...
February 22, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Helena Malvezzi, Michele Gomes Da Broi, Juliana Meola, Júlio César Rosa-E-Silva, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Paula Andrea Navarro
Studies have demonstrated oxidative stress in peritoneal fluid (PF) from women with endometriosis and the importance of enzymatic antioxidant machinery to avoid oocyte oxidative damage. Considering that PF constantly surrounds the ovaries and has direct contact with the oocyte at ovulation, we wonder if PF from women with endometriosis may affect antioxidant enzyme gene expression. Thus, the present study aims to evaluate the PF impact from infertile women with minimal and mild endometriosis and from fertile control women without endometriosis on SOD1, CAT, GSR gene's expression in experimental bovine oocytes matured in vitro...
February 20, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Ricardo N Alves, Kristina S Sundell, Liliana Anjos, Henrik Sundh, Torstein Harboe, Birgitta Norberg, Deborah M Power
To establish if the developmental changes in the primary barrier and osmoregulatory capacity of Atlantic halibut skin are modified during metamorphosis, histological, histochemical, gene expression and electrophysiological measurements were made. The morphology of the ocular and abocular skin started to diverge during the metamorphic climax and ocular skin appeared thicker and more stratified. Neutral mucins were the main glycoproteins produced by the goblet cells in skin during metamorphosis. Moreover, the number of goblet cells producing neutral mucins increased during metamorphosis and asymmetry in their abundance was observed between ocular and abocular skin...
February 20, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Jiahui Xu, Dan Liu, Hongyan Yin, Huili Tong, Shufeng Li, Yunqin Yan
Fatty acids (FAs) play essential roles in regulating differentiation and proliferation by affecting gene expression in various cell types. However, their potential functions in bovine cells remain unclear. Herein, we examine the differentiation and proliferation of bovine skeletal muscle-derived satellite cells (MDSCs) after incubation with three types of representative FAs (palmitic acid, oleic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) by western blotting, immunofluorescence assays, flow cytometry analysis and EdU incorporation assays...
February 20, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Wei Liu, Hubert Löwenheim, Peter A Santi, Rudolf Glueckert, Annelies Schrott-Fischer, Helge Rask-Andersen
TMPRSS3 (Trans-membrane Serine Protease 3) is a type II trans-membrane serine protease that has proteolytic activity essential for hearing. Mutations in the gene cause non-syndromic autosomal recessive deafness (DFNB8/10) in humans. Knowledge about its cellular distribution in the human inner ear may increase our understanding of its physiological role and involvement in deafness, ultimately leading to therapeutic interventions. In this study, we used super-resolution structured illumination microscopy for the first time together with transmission electron microscopy to localize the TMPRSS3 protein in the human organ of Corti...
February 19, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"