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Indian Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027126/etiology-and-risk-factors-determining-poor-outcome-of-severe-pneumonia-in-under-five-children
#1
Suresh Kumar Jakhar, Mukul Pandey, Dheeraj Shah, V G Ramachandran, Rumpa Saha, Natasha Gupta, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To determine the etiology of severe pneumonia (pneumonia with chest indrawing) in under-five children, and to study the risk factors for poor outcomes viz., 'treatment failure', 'need for change in antibiotics', 'prolonged hospital stay', 'need for mechanical ventilation' and 'mortality.' METHODS: Children (age 2 mo to 5 y) with pneumonia and chest drawing were enrolled prospectively from October 2012 through September 2013. Clinical history was recorded, and examination, anthropometry and investigations (including chest X-ray, blood culture and nasopharyngeal swab culture) were performed...
October 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022225/pediatric-intensive-care-pittsburg-critical-care-medicine-series-r-scott-watson-ann-e-thompson-eds-published-by-oxford-university-press-new-york-2017-isbn-978-0-19-991802-7-pages-311
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022211/subjective-global-nutritional-assessment-a-reliable-screening-tool-for-nutritional-assessment-in-cerebral-palsy-children
#3
Priyanka Minocha, Sadasivan Sitaraman, Anita Choudhary, Rajiv Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of undernutrition in children with cerebral palsy and to compare subjective and objective methods of nutritional assessment. METHODS: This was a hospital based analytical observational study in which 180 children of cerebral palsy, aged 1-12 y, attending tertiary level hospital, Jaipur from March, 2012 through March, 2013 were included. Subjective assessment was done by questionnaire (Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment; SGNA) in which questions related to nutrition history and physical examination, signs of fat, muscle wasting and edema was done while objective assessment was done by weight, height and triceps skinfold thickness (TSFT) measurements...
October 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980203/correction-to-common-pediatric-medical-emergencies-in-office-practice
#4
Bharat Mehra, Suresh Gupta
The published online version contains an inadvertent error. On page 8, under the heading "Approach to a Child with Trauma" there is a box with "Primary Survey & Resuscitation".
October 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971364/genetic-testing-in-pediatric-ophthalmology
#5
REVIEW
Ishwar Chander Verma, Preeti Paliwal, Kanika Singh
The authors review the utility of genetic testing in ophthalmic disorders - precise diagnosis, accurate prognosis, genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis, and entry into gene-specific therapeutic trials. The prerequisites for a successful outcome of a genetic test are an accurate clinical diagnosis, a careful family history that guides which genes to study, and genetic counseling (both pre-test and post-test). The common eye disorders for which genetic testing is commonly requested are briefly discussed - anophthalmia, microphthalmia, coloboma, anterior segment dysgenesis, corneal dystrophies, cataracts, optic atrophy, congenital glaucoma, congenital amaurosis, retinitis pigmentosa, color blindness, juvenile retinoshisis, retinoblastoma etc...
October 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971319/chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-magnitude-of-problem-and-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Om P Mishra, Rajniti Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971315/prader-willi-syndrome-a-common-epigenetic-cause-of-syndromic-obesity
#7
REVIEW
Neerja Gupta, Vandana Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965329/proprotein-convertase-1-3-deficiency
#8
LETTER
Gurinder Kumar, Rajendran Nair, Aman P S Sohal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965276/fruit-juice-for-children-aap-recommendations-implications-for-india
#9
REVIEW
Umesh Kapil, Neha Sareen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963648/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-childhood-a-review-of-guidelines
#10
Shivani Randev, Pankaj Kumar, Vishal Guglani
Vitamin D, a unique vitamin with endocrine function is required in the human body primarily for calcium homeostasis and possibly several other functions. Deficiency of the vitamin is extremely frequent world-wide. Studies on Indian population place the prevalence of deficiency at 70 to 100% in healthy individuals. There are several guidelines available on definition of vitamin D deficiency and supplementation in healthy children and adults. Sufficiency or deficiency of the vitamin depend upon the levels of 25OHD and various cut-offs are suggested by different groups formulating the guidelines...
September 30, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963608/acyanotic-and-cyanotic-congenital-heart-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Manojkumar Rohit, Smit Shrivastava
There has been tremendous progress in treatment of heart disease in children. Device therapy is increasingly being used in acyanotic congenital heart disease, while surgical results have improved significantly to give smile to many cyanotic heart disease children and their parents. This article makes an attempt to increase awareness of general pediatricians about common congenital heart diseases.
September 30, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956269/the-journey-of-an-indian-pediatric-cardiologist-dr-k-c-chaudhuri-lifetime-achievement-award-oration-at-aiims-new-delhi-september-2017
#12
P Syamasundar Rao
The life journey of an Indian pediatric cardiologist, who bestowed considerable attention to the development of new knowledge and train/teach physicians around the world while providing care of patients with heart disease over a 45-y period, is reviewed. This appraisal focuses particular attention on the scientific contributions to the literature. These include spontaneous closure of physiologically advantageous ventricular septal defects, various issues related to a congenital heart defect namely, tricuspid atresia and transcatheter and, interventional pediatric cardiac procedures...
September 27, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944445/usg-doppler-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-treatment-response-assessment-a-much-needed-objective-tool
#13
REVIEW
Manisha Jana, Arun Kumar Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944408/etiology-of-childhood-pneumonia-what-we-know-and-what-we-need-to-know-based-on-5th-dr-ic-verma-excellence-oration-award
#14
Joseph L Mathew
Childhood community acquired pneumonia continues to be an important clinical problem at the individual, institutional and community levels. Determination of microbial etiology is critical to develop evidence-based management (therapeutic and prophylactic) decisions. For decades, the approach to this relied on culture of lung aspirate specimens obtained from children with radiographically confirmed pneumonia, before administering antibiotics. Such studies revealed the major bacteria associated with pneumonia, prompting the World Health Organization to develop a highly sensitive clinical definition of pneumonia and advocate empiric antibiotic therapy; in order to save lives (focusing on community settings lacking resources for diagnostic tests)...
September 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940140/fever-with-rashes
#15
Letha Soman
Fever with rashes is one of the commonest clinical problems a general practitioner or pediatrician has to face in day-to-day clinical practice. It can be a mild viral illness or a life-threatening illness like meningococcemia or Dengue hemorrhagic fever or it can be one with a lifelong consequence like Kawasaki disease. It is very important to arrive at a clinical diagnosis as early as possible with the minimum investigational facilities. The common causes associated with fever and rashes are infections, viral followed by other infections...
September 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936756/clinical-utility-of-mri-brain-in-children-with-non-traumatic-coma
#16
Jatinder Khipal, Naveen Sankhyan, Sunit C Singhi, Pratibha Singhi, Niranjan Khandelwal
OBJECTIVES: To determine characteristics that help identify children with acute encephalopathy who benefit from an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain. The secondary objective was to determine the adverse events associated with the MRI procedure. METHODS: In this single center, prospective, observational study. Children (2 mo - 12 y) presenting with impaired consciousness were screened. Those with acute non-traumatic encephalopathy (Glasgow Coma Score of 12 or less) undergoing their first in-patient MRI brain were included...
September 22, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929415/pediatric-neurocysticercosis
#17
REVIEW
Pratibha Singhi, Arushi Gahlot Saini
Neurocysticercosis is the most common helminth infection of nervous system in humans caused by the encysted larvae of Taenia solium. It is a major cause of epilepsy in tropical areas and the most common cause of focal-onset seizures in North Indian children. Children with neurocysticercosis have pleomorphic manifestations depending on the location, number and viability of the cysts and host response. In endemic areas, neurocysticercosis should be clinically suspected in any child with recent-onset seizures, headache or focal motor deficits where there is no other suggestion of an underlying neurological disorder...
September 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929464/congenital-self-healing-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#18
LETTER
Sunil Gothwal, Anand Kumar Gupta, Ramesh Choudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929432/nasal-dimple-as-a-rare-phenotype-of-digeroge-syndrome-revisited
#19
LETTER
Ankur Singh, Deep Shikha, Rajniti Prasad, Om Prakash Mishra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924924/predictors-of-microbiologically-confirmed-intrathoracic-tuberculosis
#20
Rakhi Jain, Aparna Mukherjee, Mohit Singla, Yogita Verma, Hitender Gautam, Rakesh Lodha, Urvashi B Singh, Sushil K Kabra
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for microbiologically confirmed intrathoracic tuberculosis in children. METHODS: Children, 6 mo to 15 y of age, attending the out-patient department of a tertiary care centre in India, with probable intrathoracic tuberculosis were enrolled. Microbiological confirmation of tuberculosis was defined as positivity on smear (Ziehl-Neelsen staining) and/or Xpert MTB/RIF and/or MGIT-960 culture. Association of various factors with microbiological confirmation were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis...
September 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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