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Urologia Internationalis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651247/a-prospective-comparison-of-selective-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-fusion-targeted-and-systematic-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsies-for-detecting-prostate-cancer-in-men-undergoing-repeated-biopsies
#1
Lars Boesen, Nis Nørgaard, Vibeke Løgager, Ingegerd Balslev, Henrik S Thomsen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare the prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate of systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies (TRUS-bx) and multiparametric-MRI targeted biopsies (mp-MRI-bx) in a repeat biopsy setting and evaluate the clinical significance following an "MRI-targeted-only" approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with prior negative biopsies underwent prostatic multiparametric-MRI that was scored using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) classification...
June 27, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641294/the-impact-of-gender-on-tumour-stage-in-in-house-complications-and-choice-of-urinary-diversion-results-of-the-austrian-cystectomy-registry
#2
Tanja Gschliesser, Klaus Eredics, Ingrid Berger, Michael Szelinger, Hans Christoph Klingler, Thomas Colombo, Anton Ponholzer, Eugen Plas, Karl Grubmüller, Michael Dunzinger, Klaus Jeschke, Erich Würnschimmel, Frens Steffen Krause, Sharokh Shariat, Karl Leeb, Alexandre Pelzer, Claus Riedl, Michael Rauchenwald, Wilhelm Hübner, Clemens Brössner, Stephan Madersbacher
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Bladder cancer is characterized by gender-dependent disparities. To further address this issue, we analysed a prospective, multicentre cystectomy registry. METHODS: An online database was developed that included patient demographics, intra/perioperative data, surgical data and in-house complications. RESULTS: Four hundred fifty-eight patients (112 [24.5%] women and 346 [75.5%] men) were analysed. Men and women were comparable regarding age (mean 68 years), body mass index (mean 26...
June 23, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628914/efficacy-and-safety-of-tadalafil-once-a-day-versus-tadalafil-on-demand-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#3
Zhufeng Peng, Lu Yang, Qiang Dong, Qiang Wei, Liangren Liu, Bo Yang
INTRODUCTION: To compare the efficacy and safety between tadalafil once-a-day and tadalafil on-demand dosing regimen in patients with ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared tadalafil used a once-a-day with an on-demand dosing regimen for erectile dysfunction. A secondary hand-search was performed in relevant journals, references, and the grey literature...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628910/the-efficacy-of-trimodal-chemoradiotherapy-with-cisplatin-as-a-bladder-preserving-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#4
Kazuhiro Nagao, Takahiko Hara, Jun Nishijima, Kosuke Shimizu, Nakanori Fujii, Keita Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Kawai, Ryo Inoue, Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Hideyasu Matsuyama
INTRODUCTION: Open radical cystectomy (ORC) is currently the standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) without metastasis, while many patients with MIBC are not always appropriate candidates due to multiple comorbidities. To evaluate the bladder-preservation strategy, we compared the results with those obtained by ORC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 50 patients with MIBC treated by trimodal chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin (CDDP-radiation [CDDP-R])...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624829/preoperative-c-reactive-protein-values-as-a-potential-component-in-outcome-prediction-models-of-metastasized-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-receiving-cytoreductive-nephrectomy
#5
Charis Kalogirou, Philipp Mulfinger, Ioannis Sokolakis, Markus Krebs, Hubert Kübler, Hubertus Riedmiller, Daniel Vergho
PURPOSE: To validate preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as a prognostic marker for survival in a metastasized renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patient cohort receiving cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: By chart review, 146 mRCC patients receiving CN at our tertiary referral centre from 1997 to 2015 were identified retrospectively. All relevant clinicopathological features including laboratory parameters were collected and correlated to overall survival, progression-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS)...
June 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609769/prediction-of-time-to-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-using-bone-scan-index-in-men-with-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer
#6
Yasuhide Miyoshi, Shuko Yoneyama, Takashi Kawahara, Yusuke Hattori, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Jun-Ichi Ohta, Shigeo Takebayashi, Yumiko Yokomizo, Narihiko Hayashi, Hiroji Uemura
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated bone scan index (BSI) as a predictive biomarker for time to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 85 consecutive mHSPC patients treated with first-line androgen deprivation therapy. We analyzed the correlations between time to CRPC and clinicopathological characteristics, including age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, Gleason score, clinical TNM stage, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, and BSI...
June 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609763/calcium-sensing-receptor-genetic-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-developing-nephrolithiasis-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Qi Ding, Bo Fan, Ying Shi, Zhijiang Fan, Li Ding, Feng Li, Wenjian Tu, Xiaohua Jin, Chao Qin, Qiang Cao, Qinbo Yuan, Jing Wang, Jun Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) Arg990Gly (rs1042636, A > G), Ala986Ser (rs1801725, G > T) polymorphisms, and urolithiasis risk. METHODS: Polymorphisms mentioned above were genotyped in a hospital-based case-control study of 615 patients diagnosed with nephrolithiasis and 315 kidney stone-free controls in a Chinese population using the SNaPshot method. RESULTS: The results indicated a significantly increased risk associated with CaSR Arg990Gly GG genotypes (OR 1...
June 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601885/safety-and-efficacy-of-intravesical-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-presenting-with-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-a-systematic-review
#8
Sławomir Poletajew, Piotr Zapała, Piotr Radziszewski
Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy in bladder cancer patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) remains a matter of debate. The aim of this systematic review was to present available evidence on the safety and efficacy of BCG immunotherapy in patients with ABU. A literature search within the Medline and the Embase databases was conducted with the following search terms: adverse events, bacteriuria, BCG, bladder cancer, cystitis, infection, pyuria, side effects and urinary tract infection (UTI)...
June 10, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601862/management-of-anterior-urethral-strictures-in-adults-a-survey-of-contemporary-practice-in-germany
#9
Clemens M Rosenbaum, C Philip Reiss, Hendrik Borgmann, Johannes Salem, Margit Fisch, Johannes Huber, Marianne Schmid, Sascha A Ahyai
INTRODUCTION: Treatment methods of anterior urethral strictures in adults have undergone considerable changes in the recent past. Our goal was to determine national practice patterns among German urologists and to compare results with the results of prior international surveys. METHODS: We conducted a survey on the management of urethral strictures among German urologists. RESULTS: Eight hundred forty-five urologists, representing about 14...
June 10, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586780/serum-levels-of-microrna371a-3p-a-highly-sensitive-tool-for-diagnosing-and-staging-testicular-germ-cell-tumours-a-clinical-case-series
#10
Petra Anheuser, Arlo Radtke, Christian Wülfing, Jennifer Kranz, Gazanfer Belge, Klaus-Peter Dieckmann
INTRODUCTION: MicroRNA (miR)371a-3p was suggested to be a sensitive and specific new serum biomarker of germ cell tumours (GCTs); however, its clinical usefulness remains unproven. PATIENTS, METHODS: In 312 consecutive cases with various testicular diseases, serum levels of miR371a-3p were measured. Measurement results became available only after completion of treatment. Five patients with testicular seminoma were selected for review because of unanticipated clinical courses...
June 7, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586770/ureteroscopic-lithotripsy-versus-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy-or-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-the-management-of-large-proximal-ureteral-stones-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Tao Wu, Xi Duan, Shulin Chen, Xuesong Yang, Tielong Tang, Shu Cui
OBJECTIVES: To provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing ureterolithotripsy (URS) with percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) or laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (LU) techniques for the management of large proximal ureteral stones (diameter greater than 10 mm). METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library to identify suitable studies until November 2016. We used weighted mean difference to measure operative time and hospital stay, OR to measure stone free rate (SFR), and complication rate...
June 7, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531902/evaluation-of-prostate-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-classification-in-the-prediction-of-tumor-aggressiveness-in-targeted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-ultrasound-fusion-biopsy
#12
Angelika Borkowetz, Ivan Platzek, Marieta Toma, Theresa Renner, Roman Herout, Martin Baunacke, Michael Laniado, Gustavo B Baretton, Michael Froehner, Stefan Zastrow, Manfred P Wirth
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the prediction of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) with respect to the prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate and tumor aggressiveness in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/ultrasound-fusion-biopsy (fusPbx) and in systematic biopsy (sysPbx). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six hundred and twenty five patients undergoing multiparametric MRI were investigated. MRI findings were classified using PI-RADS v1 or v2. All patients underwent fusPbx combined with sysPbx (comPbx)...
May 23, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514776/predictive-factors-for-developing-venous-thrombosis-during-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-in-testicular-cancer
#13
Isabel Heidegger, Daniel Porres, Nica Veek, Axel Heidenreich, David Pfister
BACKGROUND: Malignancies and cisplatin-based chemotherapy are both known to correlate with a high risk of venous thrombotic events (VTT). In testicular cancer, the information regarding the incidence and reason of VTT in patients undergoing cisplatin-based chemotherapy is still discussed controversially. Moreover, no risk factors for developing a VTT during cisplatin-based chemotherapy have been elucidated so far. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 153 patients with testicular cancer undergoing cisplatin-based chemotherapy at our institution for the development of a VTT during or after chemotherapy...
May 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494441/different-successful-management-strategies-for-obstructing-renal-parapelvic-cysts
#14
Sabrina H Rossi, Brendan Koo, Antony Riddick, Nimish Shah, Grant D Stewart
Parapelvic cysts originate in the renal parenchyma and extend into the renal sinus. A series of 3 patients with symptomatic obstructing parapelvic cysts is described, 2 with acute presentations, and 1 with chronic symptoms. In 2 of the 3 cases, there was a significant delay in establishing a diagnosis. Although one individual was successfully managed by image-guided cyst aspiration, the second patient required repeated aspiration due to cyst re-accumulation. A high index of clinical suspicion and a combination of imaging modalities, including serial ultrasound, excretory-phase CT, and MAG3 renogram, are necessary to establish the diagnosis and monitor response to treatment...
May 12, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490036/fractured-penis-not-so-rare
#15
Ashwin S Tamhankar, Prakash W Pawar, Ajit S Sawant, Gaurav V Kasat, Abhishek Savaliya, Shankar Mundhe, Sunil Patil, Sayalee Narwade
INTRODUCTION: Penile fracture is a relatively common phenomenon. The main problem associated with this condition is the lack of patients' awareness on the urgency of the situation. This study reports the different modes of presentations and treatment results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 21 cases of penile fracture over 5 years. Parameters were mode of injury, age group, time interval before presentation, management, site of injury, urethral involvement, results, complications and erectile function at follow-up...
May 11, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486233/renal-autotransplantation-with-autologous-saphenous-vein-graft-in-a-patient-with-takayasu-arteritis-and-existing-renal-artery-stent-in-her-solitary-kidney
#16
Hakan Bahadir Haberal, Senol Tonyali, Bora Peynircioğlu, Mustafa Arici, Metin Demircin, Fazıl Tuncay Aki
Takayasu arteritis is a disease that results in the granulomatous inflammation of large vessel walls. Takayasu arteritis is generally observed in young females during the second or third decades of life. This disease is treated by the revascularization of the affected organs either by surgery or by endovascular interventions. In this study, we present a case where renal autotransplantation was performed on a lady with an autologous saphenous vein graft subsequent to numerous previous endovascular interventions for her solitary kidney due to Takayasu arteritis-induced renal artery stenosis...
May 10, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486228/clinical-factors-predicting-bilateral-lymph-node-invasion-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#17
Antonio Benito Porcaro, Nicolò De Luyk, Paolo Corsi, Marco Sebben, Alessandro Tafuri, Tania Processali, Daniele Mattevi, Marco Pirozzi, Maria Angela Cerruto, Nelia Amigoni, Riccardo Rizzetto, Matteo A Brunelli, Filippo Migliorini, Salvatore Siracusano, Walter Artibani
BACKGROUND: In high-risk prostate cancer (HR-PCA), it is important to consider the factors associated with extensive lymph node invasion (LNI) before planning treatment methods. OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical predictors of bilateral LNI in HR-PCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study evaluated 261 consecutive patients who underwent radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection. The multivariate multinomial logistic regression model was computed...
May 10, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482350/does-transfer-capacitive-resistive-energy-has-a-therapeutic-effect-on-peyronie-s-disease-randomized-single-blind-sham-controlled-study-on-96-patients-fast-pain-relief
#18
Carlo Pavone, Salvatore Romeo, Francesco D'Amato, Manuela Usala, Giulia Letizia Mauro, Giovanni Caruana
Background/Aims/Objectives: We have investigated the clinical and physiological effects of Transfer Capacitive Resistive Energy (TCARE) therapy on men with Peyronie's disease (PD). METHODS: Ninety-six men with PD have been randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive 3 sessions of TCARE therapy or sham therapy. Pain, penile curvature and erectile function have been assessed before the first treatment and up to 9 months after the end of treatment, using the Visual Analogue Scale for the pain, a goniometer to measure the degree of curvature using at-home photography and an International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire...
May 9, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478446/the-impact-of-duration-of-complaints-on-successful-outcome-of-sacral-neuromodulation
#19
Ranjana Jairam, Jamie Drossaerts, Gommert van Koeveringe, Philip van Kerrebroeck
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate whether the duration of complaints in patients with overactive bladder syndrome or non-obstructive urinary retention predicts the outcome of sacral neuromodulation (SNM). METHODS: All patients that underwent a SNM test period evaluation between 2011 and 2014, were included in this study. The duration of complaints was listed in 3 categories: (a) 0-5 years, (b) 5-10 years and (c) 10 years or longer. Analyses with chi square tests were performed to evaluate whether the duration of complaints are associated with outcome of SNM...
May 6, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472804/evaluation-with-decision-trees-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-semirigid-ureteroscopy-in-the-treatment-of-proximal-ureteral-calculi
#20
Eyup Burak Sancak, Muhammet Fatih Kılınç, Sait Can Yücebaş
PURPOSE: The decision on the choice of proximal ureteral stone therapy depends on many factors, and sometimes urologists have difficulty in choosing the treatment option. This study is aimed at evaluating the factors affecting the success of semirigid ureterorenoscopy (URS) using the "decision tree" method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2005 to November 2015, the data of consecutive patients treated for proximal ureteral stone were retrospectively analyzed...
May 5, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
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