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Urologia Internationalis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910812/what-can-be-expected-from-prostate-cancer-biomarkers-a-clinical-perspective
#1
Piotr Zapała, Bartosz Dybowski, Sławomir Poletajew, Piotr Radziszewski
Along with significant advances in prostate cancer biology research, we also observe the rapid development of modern diagnostic tests. New biomarkers are derived to detect disease while it is organ-confined to stratify the risk and to aid clinical decision-making. Majority of these tools have already been validated clinically, but only a few have received premarket clearance and administration approval. Superiority of novel tests is visible not only in improved detection accuracy but predominantly in the assessment of tumour aggressiveness and selection of patients eligible for conservative management...
September 15, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850954/usage-of-multilevel-paravertebral-block-as-the-main-anesthesia-for-mini-invasive-pcnl-retrospective-review-of-45-cases-with-large-stones
#2
Huan Yang, Xiao Yu, Jia Hu, Ejun Peng, Cong Li, Lei Cui, Chenming Zhao, Shen Wang, Chao Wei, Wei Mei, Shaogang Wang, Zhangqun Ye
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of the paravertebral block (PVB) as the single main anesthesia for unilateral mini-invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I/II/III patients with large upper urinary tract stones were included in our retrospective study. All patients received multilevel PVB from T10 to L1 with 10 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine for each segment. After the block was confirmed, unilateral mini-invasive PCNL was performed...
August 30, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850951/urethroplasty-and-quality-of-life-psychometric-validation-of-a-dutch-version-of-the-urethral-stricture-surgery-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#3
Wesley Verla, Marjan Waterloos, Nicolaas Lumen
PURPOSE: The study aimed to translate the Urethral Stricture Surgery Patient Reported Outcome Measures (USS-PROM) questionnaire in Dutch. To validate this translated questionnaire, the study evaluates its psychometric properties in a different population, a different environment, and a different health care system. Questions about urinary incontinence and sexual functioning were added. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2014 and January 2017, Dutch-speaking adult men scheduled for urethroplasty at Ghent University Hospital were prospectively enrolled in this study...
August 30, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817820/endo-urological-techniques-for-benign-uretero-ileal-strictures-have-poor-efficacy-and-affect-renal-function
#4
Elisabeth E Fransen van de Putte, Liesbeth L de Wall, Erik van Werkhoven, Eddi A Heldeweg, Axel Bex, Henk G van der Poel, Bas W G van Rhijn, Simon Horenblas, Kees Hendricksen
INTRODUCTION: Uretero-ileal strictures (UES) following urinary diversion are therapeutically challenging. We compared the efficacy, safety and renal outcome following therapeutic endo-urological techniques (EUTs) and open surgical revision of the anastomosis (SRA) for UES. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all EUTs and SRAs performed for UES in 2 hospitals between 1987 and 2015. Restenosis was defined as recurrent radiographically diagnosed hydronephrosis and re-intervention...
August 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813710/is-endoscopic-vasectomy-just-a-dream-an-ex-vivo-study-on-feasibility-and-reliability-of-endoluminal-occlusion-of-porcine-vas-deferens
#5
Daniel Schlager, Moritz Maas, Simon Hein, Fabian Adams, Martin Schoenthaler, Bjoern Spittau, Ulrich Wetterauer, Arkadiusz Miernik
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Surgical vasectomy remains the gold standard for fertility control in men. Endoluminal occlusion of the seminal ducts, thus avoiding an external incision, may become an appealing alternative to this approach. As our group has shown, nontraumatic endoscopic inspection of the seminal ducts is feasible in the human cadaver. We investigated the feasibility and reliability of occlusion using several commercially available medical sealing agents in the porcine vas deferens (VD)...
August 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810248/antibiotic-susceptibility-and-molecular-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-o157-isolates-from-urinary-tract-infections
#6
Zonglan Xie, Ziqiang Dong, Ping Zhu, Lusheng Zhang, Xiaobo Chen, Chuanjiang Dong
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli O157 is an important food-borne pathogen that can cause diarrhoea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uraemic syndrome. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence PCR (ERIC-PCR) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) are good methods for molecular typing and the extensive use of antibiotics is a contributing factor to the increasing incidence of antimicrobial-resistant for these strains. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genetic diversity of E...
August 16, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787725/observational-studies-requested-by-european-health-authorities-governmental-interference-or-an-enhancement-of-everyday-urological-practice-the-hexvix%C3%A2-observational-patients-evaluation-study-as-an-example-of-what-to-expect
#7
Didier Jacqmin, Patrice Jichlinski, Laurent Molinier, Alexandre de la Taille, Jacques Irani, Bernard Malavaud
OBJECTIVE: The Hexvix® Observational Patients Evaluation (HOPE) study was designed to determine the extent of distribution of the use of hexaminolevulinate in the diagnosis of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and assess patient and treatment characteristics associated with different endoscopic modalities and to address the French authorities' request for information on routine practices for NMIBC diagnosis and surveillance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study in 30 centres in France with fluorescence endoscopy equipment available...
August 9, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768261/prostatic-arterial-embolization-followed-by-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-as-a-planned-combined-approach-for-extremely-enlarged-benign-prostate-hyperplasia
#8
Pu Li, Chengming Wang, Qiang Cao, Jiexiu Zhang, Haibin Shi, Xiaoxin Meng
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at reporting the initial experience with prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) followed by holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) as a planned combined approach for extremely enlarged benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), and retrospectively estimating the efficacy and safety of this novel technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four BPH patients who underwent PAE and subsequent HoLEP were included. The PAE procedure was performed under local anesthesia at the supine position with polyvinyl alcohol spherical particles and gelatin sponge particles...
August 3, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768262/clinical-evaluation-of-urine-prostatic-exosomal-protein-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-prostatitis
#9
Xiaojun Li, Ting Jiang, Feng Liu, Xuefeng Shao, Ye Xu, Weixin Sheng, Wei Sun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical potential of urine prostatic exosomal protein (PSEP) as a diagnostic biomarker of chronic prostatitis (CP). Materials andmethods: Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit, urine PSEP levels were detected in 103 control cases as well as 283 cases of CP, with 82 cases fulfilling the definition of the USA National Institutes of Health category II (NIH-II), 108 cases of NIH-IIIa and 93 cases of NIH-IIIb. The values of age, body mass index, prostate volume, serum prostatic specific antigen (PSA) urine PSEP levels, and seminal parameters were analyzed...
July 29, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723695/renoprotective-procedures-with-a-cold-ischemia-time-of-60-min-minimize-the-deterioration-of-kidney-function-in-open-nephron-sparing-surgery-for-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
Hayato Nishida, Atsushi Yamagishi, Mayu Yagi, Hidenori Kanno, Yuta Kurota, Toshihiko Sakurai, Sei Naito, Tomohiro Shibasaki, Hisashi Kawazoe, Osamu Ichiyanagi, Tomoyuki Kato, Akira Nagaoka, Yoshihiko Tomita, Norihiko Tsuchiya
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated whether nephron sparing surgery (NSS) combined with meticulous suturing of the cut stump under clamping with cooling is beneficial for oncological outcomes and also assessed the relationship between cold ischemia time and deterioration of renal function. METHODS: One hundred and six patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were subjected to this procedure. Oncological outcomes and renal function according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the tubular excretion rate on renoscintigraphy before and at 12 months after surgery were evaluated...
July 20, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700990/oncologic-response-and-hospitalization-rate-of-patients-receiving-cabazitaxel-in-the-fourth-line-and-beyond-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-analysis-of-a-retrospective-cohort-and-a-structured-literature-review
#11
Jost von Hardenberg, Maike Schwartz, Thorsten Werner, Stefan Fuxius, Arne Strauss, Thomas Stefan Worst, Philipp Nuhn, Christian Bolenz, Elmar Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available for the use of agents in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) beyond the third-line. We provide data during treatment with cabazitaxel (CAB), helping to improve the informed-consent process. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated with fourth-line or beyond CAB for mCRPC after failure of previous therapies with docetaxel, abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide and/or radium-223. The progression-free survival (PFS) and the overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared to published data based on a structured literature review...
July 13, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697506/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-laser-versus-cold-knife-urethrotomy-in-the-management-of-patients-with-urethral-strictures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
Lynda Torres Castellanos, María Camila Moreno Bencardino, Alejandra Bravo-Balado, Carlos Andrés García Mayorga, Isis Vargas Manrique, Nicolás Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Urethral strictures generate great morbidity. Two procedures have been described for their management - laser and cold knife techniques - which are still widely used. We aim to assess the safety and efficacy of laser versus cold knife urethrotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the literature using MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS and Cochrane databases and gray literature. Primary outcomes were urethral stricture recurrence, time-to-recurrence and complication rate...
July 12, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675891/the-role-of-radical-prostatectomy-and-radiotherapy-in-treatment-of-locally-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Omar Fahmy, Mohd Ghani Khairul-Asri, Syed H S M Hadi, Georgios Gakis, Arnulf Stenzl
BACKGROUND: The role of radical prostatectomy (RP) is still controversial for locally advanced prostate cancer (PC). Radiotherapy (RT) and hormonal therapy (HT) are usually used as a primary treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic online search was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis statement. Eligible publications reporting the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-specific survival (DSS) were included...
July 4, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668957/pure-testicular-seminoma-with-non-pathologic-elevation-of-alpha-fetoprotein-a-case-series
#14
Klaus-Peter Dieckmann, Petra Anheuser, Hanna Simonsen, Doris Höflmayer
BACKGROUND: Pure testicular seminoma does not express alpha fetoprotein (AFP). However, seminoma patients with mildly elevated serum AFP levels are increasingly reported. As this finding may prompt unwarranted treatment measures, we reviewed our experience with AFP levels in seminoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively registered AFP levels in 254 consecutive seminoma patients, and in 196 male controls with non-malignant diseases. In those with elevated AFP levels, we re-examined the orchiectomy specimens histologically...
July 1, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668947/perioperative-systemic-inflammatory-response-following-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-cystectomy-vs-open-mini-laparotomy-cystectomy-a-prospective-study
#15
Pernille Skjold Kingo, Johan Palmfeldt, Rikke Nørregaard, Michael Borre, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
INTRODUCTION: Surgeries, such as radical cystectomy (RC), induce a systemic inflammatory response (SIR). SIR plays an important role in controlling the human immune system. This study aims at comparing the SIR in robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy (RALC) to open mini-laparotomy cystectomy (OMC) with a urinary diversion (UD). Comparison was based on immunologic markers of SIR, thus quantifying the degree of tissue trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two male patients underwent RC with an ileal conduit...
July 1, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651247/a-prospective-comparison-of-selective-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-fusion-targeted-and-systematic-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsies-for-detecting-prostate-cancer-in-men-undergoing-repeated-biopsies
#16
Lars Boesen, Nis Nørgaard, Vibeke Løgager, Ingegerd Balslev, Henrik S Thomsen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare the prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate of systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies (TRUS-bx) and multiparametric-MRI targeted biopsies (mp-MRI-bx) in a repeat biopsy setting and evaluate the clinical significance following an "MRI-targeted-only" approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with prior negative biopsies underwent prostatic multiparametric-MRI that was scored using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) classification...
June 27, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641294/the-impact-of-gender-on-tumour-stage-in-in-house-complications-and-choice-of-urinary-diversion-results-of-the-austrian-cystectomy-registry
#17
Tanja Gschliesser, Klaus Eredics, Ingrid Berger, Michael Szelinger, Hans Christoph Klingler, Thomas Colombo, Anton Ponholzer, Eugen Plas, Karl Grubmüller, Michael Dunzinger, Klaus Jeschke, Erich Würnschimmel, Frens Steffen Krause, Sharokh Shariat, Karl Leeb, Alexandre Pelzer, Claus Riedl, Michael Rauchenwald, Wilhelm Hübner, Clemens Brössner, Stephan Madersbacher
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Bladder cancer is characterized by gender-dependent disparities. To further address this issue, we analysed a prospective, multicentre cystectomy registry. METHODS: An online database was developed that included patient demographics, intra/perioperative data, surgical data and in-house complications. RESULTS: Four hundred fifty-eight patients (112 [24.5%] women and 346 [75.5%] men) were analysed. Men and women were comparable regarding age (mean 68 years), body mass index (mean 26...
June 23, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628914/efficacy-and-safety-of-tadalafil-once-a-day-versus-tadalafil-on-demand-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#18
Zhufeng Peng, Lu Yang, Qiang Dong, Qiang Wei, Liangren Liu, Bo Yang
INTRODUCTION: To compare the efficacy and safety between tadalafil once-a-day and tadalafil on-demand dosing regimen in patients with ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared tadalafil used a once-a-day with an on-demand dosing regimen for erectile dysfunction. A secondary hand-search was performed in relevant journals, references, and the grey literature...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628910/the-efficacy-of-trimodal-chemoradiotherapy-with-cisplatin-as-a-bladder-preserving-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#19
Kazuhiro Nagao, Takahiko Hara, Jun Nishijima, Kosuke Shimizu, Nakanori Fujii, Keita Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Kawai, Ryo Inoue, Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Hideyasu Matsuyama
INTRODUCTION: Open radical cystectomy (ORC) is currently the standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) without metastasis, while many patients with MIBC are not always appropriate candidates due to multiple comorbidities. To evaluate the bladder-preservation strategy, we compared the results with those obtained by ORC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 50 patients with MIBC treated by trimodal chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin (CDDP-radiation [CDDP-R])...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624829/preoperative-c-reactive-protein-values-as-a-potential-component-in-outcome-prediction-models-of-metastasized-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-receiving-cytoreductive-nephrectomy
#20
Charis Kalogirou, Philipp Mulfinger, Ioannis Sokolakis, Markus Krebs, Hubert Kübler, Hubertus Riedmiller, Daniel Vergho
PURPOSE: To validate preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as a prognostic marker for survival in a metastasized renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patient cohort receiving cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: By chart review, 146 mRCC patients receiving CN at our tertiary referral centre from 1997 to 2015 were identified retrospectively. All relevant clinicopathological features including laboratory parameters were collected and correlated to overall survival, progression-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS)...
June 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
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