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Urologia Internationalis

Jennifer Kranz, Stefanie Schmidt, Cordula Lebert, Laila Schneidewind, Falitsa Mandraka, Mirjam Kunze, Sina Helbig, Winfried Vahlensieck, Kurt Naber, Guido Schmiemann, Florian M Wagenlehner
BACKGROUND: We aimed to update the 2010 evidence- and consensus-based national clinical guideline on the diagnosis and management of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adult patients. Results are published in 2 parts. Part 1 covers methods, the definition of patient groups, and diagnostics. This second publication focuses on treatment of acute episodes of cystitis and pyelonephritis as well as on prophylaxis of recurrent UTIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interdisciplinary group consisting of 17 representatives of 12 medical societies and a patient representative was formed...
March 14, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Dapeng Jiang, Zhoutong Chen, Houwei Lin, Maosheng Xu, Hongquan Geng
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to analyze the predictive factors of a contralateral operation after initial pyeloplasty in patients with antenatally detected bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction. METHODS: Patients with prenatally diagnosed bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction who underwent initial pyeloplasty (aged <12 months at initial pyeloplasty) were offered to participate in the study. Patients were recruited from January 2012 to December 2015...
March 8, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Axel John, André Baumgart, Thomas Worst, Julia Heinzelbecker
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to calculate direct medical costs (DMC) during the first year of diagnosis and to evaluate the impact of guideline changes on treatment costs in clinical stage (CS) I testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) patients in a German healthcare system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthcare expenditures as DMC during the first year of diagnosis for 307 TGCT patients in CS I treated at our institution from 1987 to 2013 were calculated from the statutory health insurance perspective using patient level data...
March 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Christian Seitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Aurore Bouty, Eric Dobremez, Luke Harper, Jérôme Harambat, Cécile Bouteiller, Brigitte Zaghet, Pierre Wolkenstein, Stéphane Ducassou, Yan Lefevre
AIM: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder. Malignant transformation into malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) can occur. However, urinary tract involvement is rare. We report 4 cases of NF1 with bladder dysfunction. METHODS: A retrospective single center analysis of 4 patients was conducted over a 17-year period, focusing on urinary tract involvement. RESULTS: NF1 was diagnosed at a median of 16...
March 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Maria Angela Cerruto, Carolina D'Elia, Salvatore Siracusano, Omar Saleh, Mauro Gacci, Giovanni Cacciamani, Vincenzo De Marco, Antonio Benito Porcaro, Matteo Balzarro, Mauro Niero, Cristina Lonardi, Massimo Iafrate, Pierfrancesco Bassi, Ciro Imbimbo, Marco Racioppi, Renato Talamini, Stefano Ciciliato, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Paolo Verze, Walter Artibani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) outcomes in elderly patients with different type of urinary diversion (UD), ileal conduit (IC) and ileal orthotopic neobladder (IONB), after radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer, by using validated self-reported cancer-specific instruments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients who received an IC or an IONB after RC. HR-QoL was assessed with specific and validated disease questionnaires, administered at last follow-up...
March 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Frank Friedersdorff, Therese-Marie Koch, Beatriz Banuelos-Marco, Ricardo Gonzalez, Tom Florian Fuller, Stefanie von Mechow, Dominik Müller, Anja Lingnau
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate graft- and patient survival after paediatric kidney transplantation and detecting influence factors, which affect the post-transplant time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed long-term survival rates and complications after paediatric kidney transplantation and searched for predictive parameters for graft function. RESULTS: In 132 patients, 143 kidney transplantations were performed. Graft failure occurred in 25%...
March 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Johannes Bruendl, Clemens Rothbauer, Bernd Ludwig, Bernhard Dotzler, Christian Wolff, Sandra Reimann, Hendrik Borgmann, Maximilian Burger, Johannes Breyer
BACKGROUND: The internet is an emerging source of information for prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Since little is known about the quality of information on PCa provided online, we investigated its accordance to the latest European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines. METHODS: A total of 89 German web pages were included for analysis. A quality model classifying the provider of information and its expertise was introduced. Correctness of provided information was systematically compared to the EAU guidelines...
March 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Fatih Yanaral, Omer Sarilar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Jaime F Perez, Ana María Díaz B, Gustavo U Ramos, Sara R Peralta
Congenital posterior urethral-perineal fistula is an abnormal communication extending from the posterior urethra to the perineal skin. We present the case of an 11-year-old boy who had recurrent febrile urinary tract infections and abnormal dribbling of urine from the perineum. Fistulogram showed a paraescrotal fistula tract, which was then surgically excised. During the 10 months of follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic without recurrence of urinary pathology.
March 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Serkan Dogan, Martin Hennig, Tanja Frank, Julian P Struck, Angelika Cebulla, Johannes Salem, Hendrik Borgmann, Tobias Klatte, Axel S Merseburger, Mario Kramer, Sebastian L Hofbauer
BACKGROUND: Guidelines support the use of neoadjuvant (NAC) and adjuvant (AC) chemotherapy in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. However, data from North America reported the underutilization of NAC in favor of AC despite the lower level of scientific evidence supporting AC. We aimed to assess current practice patterns of NAC and AC in -Germany. METHODS: A 15-question online survey was developed and sent via email newsletters to members of the -German Association of Urology and of the German Society of Residents in Urology in October 2016 to analyze current practice patterns...
March 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Metin Gündüz, Tamer Sekmenli, İlhan Ciftci, Ahmet Midhat Elmacı
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Elisabeth Liek, Heiko Wunderlich, Klaus Elsebach, Hubert Göbel, Xaver Krah, Andreas W Krautschick-Wilkens, Josef Schweiger, Gabriel Steiner, Thomas Steiner, Joana Heinzelmann
Due to the recommendations in the urological guidelines to perform nephron-sparing surgery in patients with organ-confined renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the customary therapy regimen changed, but it is not well studied yet whether partial nephrectomy (PN) especially in the elderly is beneficial. From 2000 to 2015, 3,592 patients from 7 clinics undergoing surgery in RCC were identified; 2,323 had T1 tumours. We retrospectively compared the overall survival benefit of patients with T1 RCC who underwent either PN or radical nephrectomy (RN) and studied effects of age and gender...
March 2, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Branimir Lodeta, Dino Lovrinic, Maja Lodeta, Tina Zavidic, Hrvoje Baric
INTRODUCTION: This study is aimed at assessing the use of various types of urinary catheters, appropriateness of catheter placement and factors associated with antibiotic use in a population of chronically catheterized patients in Istria County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted between March and June 2017 in Istria County, Croatia, was initiated through a network of general family medicine offices. Data were collected from general practitioners (GPs) and from medical managers in nursing homes...
March 2, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Marios Hadjipavlou, Vincent Lam, Jai Seth, Faqar Anjum, Seshadri Sriprasad
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Stone formers often have a chronic exposure to significant quantities of ionising radiation from radiological investigations and interventions. Predicting radiation exposure would allow the clinician to quantify expected cumulative radiation and find strategies to minimise exposure. We evaluated radiation exposure during ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy (URS + LL) for a single stone episode and correlated the results to stone characteristics. METHOD: Data was collected retrospectively for all patients undergoing URS + LL in our institution over a 1 year period...
February 13, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Diomidis Kozyrakis, Stefanos Perikleous, Styliani-Elissavet Chatzistamou, Dimitris Kateris, Georgios Soukias, Anastasios Karatzas, Ioannis Dimitriadis
INTRODUCTION: To present the incidence of bacterial colonization on ureteral double J stents (DJS); isolate the uropathogens; define the rate of multi-resistant bacteria strains (MRBS) and present their clinical importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: <unterline></unterline> The whole body of 105 DJSs was examined for the presence of uropathogens. RESULTS: The main etiology for stent placement was lithiasis (57.1%). The most frequently cultured microorganisms were staphylococcus (28...
February 8, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Rômulo F Assumção, Marco A Pereira-Sampaio, Francisco J B Sampaio, Diogo B de Souza
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in a rodent model, the influence of an obstructed kidney/ureter on the contralateral organ morphology. METHODS: Thirty-six rats were randomly assigned into the following groups: untreated ureteral obstruction group (UO-U, n = 10), submitted to a ligature of the ureter at day 0; UO group (at day 0) followed by nephrectomy after 24 h (UO-N, n = 8); nephrectomy group (N, n = 9), submitted to nephrectomy at day 0; and sham group (S, n = 9), submitted to simulated surgery at day 0...
February 8, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Mohammad Al-Bayati, Johannes Grueneisen, Susanne Lütje, Lino M Sawicki, Saravanabavaan Suntharalingam, Stephan Tschirdewahn, Michael Forsting, Herbert Rübben, Ken Herrmann, Lale Umutlu, Axel Wetter
PURPOSE: To evaluate diagnostic accuracy of integrated 68Gallium labelled prostate-specific membrane antigen (68Ga-PSMA)-11 positron emission tomography (PET)/MRI in patients with primary prostate cancer (PCa) as compared to multi-parametric MRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 22 patients with recently diagnosed primary PCa underwent clinically indicated 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT for initial staging followed by integrated 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI. Images of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), PET and PET/MRI were evaluated separately by applying Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADSv2) for mpMRI and a 5-point Likert scale for PET and PET/MRI...
January 25, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Angeles Sanchis-Bonet, Marta Barrionuevo-González, Ana Bajo-Chueca, Nelson Morales-Palacios, Manuel Sanchez-Chapado
INTRODUCTION: To assess whether [-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen (p2PSA) meets the criteria to justify its inclusion in a predictive model of prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis and in the clinical decision-making process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 172 men with total prostate-specific antigen of 2-10 ng/mL underwent measurement of free PSA and p2PSA before prostate biopsy in an observational and prospective study. From these measurements, the Prostate Health Index (PHI) was calculated...
January 18, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Francesco Porpiglia, Riccardo Bertolo, Enrico Checcucci, Daniele Amparore, Matteo Manfredi, Cristian Fiori
Background/Aims/Objectives: Various nephron-sparing approaches were described as part of surgical management for Fraley's syndrome, a rare anatomic variant of the renal vascular anatomy that compresses the upper pole infundibulum resulting in an upper calyceal obstruction and dilatation, with symptoms of flank pain and hematuria. To date, descriptions of minimally invasive correction techniques are anecdotal. METHODS: A retroperitoneal pure laparoscopic approach using the nephron-sparing technique was chosen in the presented case...
January 18, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
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