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Urologia Internationalis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151111/readability-assessment-of-patient-education-material-published-by-german-speaking-associations-of-urology
#1
Patrick Betschart, Valentin Zumstein, Omar Hasan Ali, Hans-Peter Schmid, Dominik Abt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the readability and comprehensibility of web-based German-language patient education material (PEM) issued by urological associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: German PEM available in June 2017 was obtained from the European Association of Urology (EAU), German (DGU), Swiss (SGU) and Austrian (ÖGU) Association of Urology websites. Each educational text was analyzed separately using 4 well-established readability assessment tools: the Amstad Test (AT), G-SMOG (SMOG), Wiener Sachtextformel (WS) and the Lesbarkeitsindex (LIX)...
November 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151107/repeated-micro-trauma-of-the-penile-tunica-albuginea-a-new-animal-model-of-peyronie-s-disease
#2
Hesong Jiang, Qingqiang Gao, Xiaoyan Che, Leilei Zhu, Zheng Zhang, Yun Chen, Yutian Dai
OBJECTIVES: To compare effects of repairing injured tunica albuginea (PTA) of rat penis by single or repeated local injections of chlorhexidine ethanol (ChE) into the PTA and to establish a new animal model of Peyronie's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two rats were divided into 7 groups. Rats either served as the normal control group with 1-5 injections of 0.9% saline or they received a single injection, 2, 3, 4, or 5 injections of ChE (0.1% chlorhexidine gluconate plus 15% ethanol dissolved in saline); rats in the positive control group were injected with TGF-β1...
November 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131130/prediction-of-intraoperative-urinary-collecting-system-entry-in-patients-with-peripheral-renal-tumors-undergoing-partial-nephrectomy-usefulness-of-tumor-centered-multiplanar-reconstruction
#3
Sho Uehara, Soichiro Yoshida, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yosuke Yasuda, Hajime Tanaka, Toshiki Kijima, Minato Yokoyama, Junichiro Ishioka, Yoh Matsuoka, Kazutaka Saito, Yasuhisa Fujii
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of tumor-centered multiplanar reconstruction (TC-MPR) for predicting intraoperative urinary collecting system (UCS) entry in patients with peripheral renal tumors undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN). METHODS: Dynamic computed tomography images of 50 peripheral cT1 renal tumors treated with laparoendoscopic PN were analyzed. TC-MPR generated a digital cross-sectional image showing the tumor center and the closest calyx on a same plane...
November 7, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131138/impact-of-altered-wnt2b-expression-on-bladder-wall-fibroblasts-implications-for-apoptosis-regulation-in-the-stroma-of-the-lower-urinary-tract
#4
Thomas Stefan Worst, Kristina Daskalova, Annette Steidler, Karin Berner-Leischner, Ralph Röth, Beate Niesler, Maximilian C Kriegmair, Philipp Erben, Daniel Pfalzgraf
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of WNT signalling in pathological processes involving the urinary tract stroma. Here the impact of WNT signalling on bladder wall fibroblasts (BWFs) was studied using integrated expression profiling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: WNT ligand and downstream WNT pathway component expression was profiled in human BWFs using qRT-PCR. Highly expressed WNT2B was knocked down using siRNA in BWFs. The expression of 730 mRNAs and 800 miRNAs was analyzed on the nCounter MAX platform in #WNT2B and control transfected BWFs...
October 31, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084411/the-efficiency-and-safety-of-intrarectal-topical-anesthesia-for-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Yubo Yang, Zhenhua Liu, Qiang Wei, Dehong Cao, Lu Yang, Yuchun Zhu, Xin Wei, Zhuang Tang, Liangren Liu, Ping Han
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to review the current evidence to determine the efficiency and safety of intrarectal topical anesthesia (ITA) for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search of the literature was performed using Medline, Embase and Cochrane central register of controlled trials. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy and safety of periprostatic nerve block (PNB), ITA, and PNB combined with ITA were included...
October 30, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084410/significance-of-mri-transrectal-ultrasound-fusion-three-dimensional-model-guided-targeted-biopsy-based-on-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-systematic-biopsy-in-prostate-cancer-detection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yongquan Tang, Zhihong Liu, Liangyou Tang, Ruochen Zhang, Yiping Lu, Jiayu Liang, Zijun Zou, Chuan Zhou, Yujie Wang
PURPOSE: To assess MRI/Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) fusion three-dimensional model-guided targeted biopsy (3D-Tb) versus TRUS-guided systematic biopsy (Sb) in detecting overall and high-Gleason-score (≥7) prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Pubmed and Web of science were searched. Studies with men having a suspicious lesion on MRI were included, which were divided into initial biopsy, previous negative biopsy, and mixed groups in meta-analysis. RESULTS: Totally 13 cohorts in 12 studies, with 3,225 men were included...
October 30, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069660/the-tiloop%C3%A2-male-sling-did-we-forejudge
#7
Tanja Hüsch, Alexander Kretschmer, Frauke Thomsen, Dominik Kronlachner, Martin Kurosch, Alice Obaje, Ralf Anding, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Tobias Pottek, Achim Rose, Roberto Olianas, Alexander Friedl, Wilhelm Hübner, Roland Homberg, Jesco Pfitzenmaier, Ulrich Grein, Fabian Queissert, Carsten Maik Naumann, Josef Schweiger, Carola Wotzka, Joanne Nyarangi-Dix, Bernhard Brehmer, Kurt Ulm, Ricarda M Bauer, Axel Haferkamp
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the TiLOOP® male sling (pfm medical, Cologne, Germany) used in the treatment for male stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a total of 34 patients with a TiLOOP® male sling. Perioperative complication rates were assessed and validated questionnaires were prospectively evaluated to assess quality of life and satisfaction rate. Outcome and complication rates were analysed by using descriptive statistics...
October 26, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065405/risk-factors-for-uroseptic-shock-in-patients-with-urolithiasis-related-acute-pyelonephritis
#8
Hiroaki Kakinoki, Shohei Tobu, Yuka Kakinoki, Kazuma Udo, Jiro Uozumi, Mitsuru Noguchi
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the risk factors of uroseptic shock induced by calculous acute pyelonephritis (APN). METHODS: This study included 69 patients (41 were women and 28 were men) who were admitted to our hospital for APN treatment associated with urolithiasis during the period from January 2005 to December 2012. We reviewed the electronic medical records of these patients to analyze risk factors contributing to the development of uroseptic shock from APN in patients with urolithiasis...
October 24, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059677/parasitic-hematuria-six-cases-in-a-row-in-a-single-centre-in-spain
#9
Begoña Ballesta Martínez, Jonathan Rodríguez Talavera, Adrián Amador Robayna, Almudena Carrión Valencia, Nuria Orribo Morales, Lorena García García, Melania Santa Cruz Pérez, Manuel Felipe Ravina Pisaca
Most cases of urogenital parasitosis are registered in Africa. However, migration movements and travellers moving from developed to developing countries are responsible for leading to an increased incidence of genitourinary infections caused by parasites in the western world including Spain having serious economic and health implications. The importance of its early detection and treatment also results from its potential risk for infertility, susceptibility for HIV infection and the development of bladder cancer...
October 24, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055945/bladder-metastases-from-breast-cancer-managing-the-unexpected-a-systematic-review
#10
Francesca Sanguedolce, Matteo Landriscina, Antonio Ambrosi, Nicola Tartaglia, Pasquale Cianci, Marcello Di Millo, Giuseppe Carrieri, Pantaleo Bufo, Luigi Cormio
Breast cancer (BrC) has the highest incidence among females world over and it is one of the most common causes of death from cancer overall. Its high mortality is mostly due to its propensity to rapidly spread to other organs through lymphatic and blood vessels in spite of proper treatment. Bladder metastases from BrC are rare, with 50 cases having been reported in the last 60 years. This review aims to discuss some critical points regarding this uncommon condition. First, we performed a systematic review of the literature in order to draw a clinical and pathological profile of this entity...
October 20, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050000/spinal-cord-injury-following-antegrade-scrotal-sclerotherapy-for-varcicocele-a-case-report
#11
Maxime Rossi, Daniel Jacobs, Eric Wespes, Thierry Roumeguère, Pierre Raynal
Varicocele is one of the causes of male infertility. Treatment aims to improve the chance of conception despite lasting controversies about benefits of varicocele repair on fertility. Many techniques have been described for varicocele management including the antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy (ASS). Interestingly, ASS is often presented as a safe, easy, and cost-effective procedure with low recurrence and complication rates. However, we report the first case of spinal cord paralysis following ASS probably due to embolization of venous anastomoses between left spermatic and ascending lumbar veins, which were undetected at preoperative phlebography...
October 19, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020683/combination-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-and-salvage-radiotherapy-versus-salvage-radiotherapy-alone-for-recurrent-prostate-cancer-after-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Sangjun Yoo, Dalsan You, Young Seok Kim, Jun Hyuk Hong, Hanjong Ahn, Choung-Soo Kim
INTRODUCTION: To assess the value of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on salvage radiotherapy (RT) in post-prostatectomy recurrent prostate cancer patients, we compared the oncologic outcomes between patients receiving RT + ADT and those receiving RT alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1995 and 2011, including 93 patients who underwent salvage RT and 69 patients who underwent salvage RT + ADT...
October 12, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982104/repair-of-an-autologous-saphenous-vein-graft-aneurysm-ten-years-after-renal-artery-reconstruction-during-live-donor-renal-transplantation
#13
Markus Oelschlaeger, Ioannis Sokolakis, Charis Kalogirou, Lea Frey, Hubertus Riedmiller, Hubert Kübler, Richard Kellersmann, Daniel Vergho
Saphenous vein graft (SVG) aneurysms (SVGA) after renal transplantation represents a rare vascular complication with subsequent challenging multidisciplinary treatment. We present a case of a 30-year-old female who received a live donor kidney transplantation for end-stage renal disease that was caused due to the hemolytic uremic syndrome. Postoperatively, an insufficient graft perfusion due to an arterial kinking was noted and repaired using an autologous SVG interposition. Ten years later, a 3-cm aneurysm of the SVG at the anastomotic site with the common iliac artery was discovered...
October 6, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910812/what-can-be-expected-from-prostate-cancer-biomarkers-a-clinical-perspective
#14
Piotr Zapała, Bartosz Dybowski, Sławomir Poletajew, Piotr Radziszewski
Along with significant advances in prostate cancer biology research, we also observe the rapid development of modern diagnostic tests. New biomarkers are derived to detect disease while it is organ-confined to stratify the risk and to aid clinical decision-making. Majority of these tools have already been validated clinically, but only a few have received premarket clearance and administration approval. Superiority of novel tests is visible not only in improved detection accuracy but predominantly in the assessment of tumour aggressiveness and selection of patients eligible for conservative management...
September 15, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850951/urethroplasty-and-quality-of-life-psychometric-validation-of-a-dutch-version-of-the-urethral-stricture-surgery-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#15
Wesley Verla, Marjan Waterloos, Nicolaas Lumen
PURPOSE: The study aimed to translate the Urethral Stricture Surgery Patient Reported Outcome Measures (USS-PROM) questionnaire in Dutch. To validate this translated questionnaire, the study evaluates its psychometric properties in a different population, a different environment, and a different health care system. Questions about urinary incontinence and sexual functioning were added. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2014 and January 2017, Dutch-speaking adult men scheduled for urethroplasty at Ghent University Hospital were prospectively enrolled in this study...
August 30, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817820/endo-urological-techniques-for-benign-uretero-ileal-strictures-have-poor-efficacy-and-affect-renal-function
#16
Elisabeth E Fransen van de Putte, Liesbeth L de Wall, Erik van Werkhoven, Eddi A Heldeweg, Axel Bex, Henk G van der Poel, Bas W G van Rhijn, Simon Horenblas, Kees Hendricksen
INTRODUCTION: Uretero-ileal strictures (UES) following urinary diversion are therapeutically challenging. We compared the efficacy, safety and renal outcome following therapeutic endo-urological techniques (EUTs) and open surgical revision of the anastomosis (SRA) for UES. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all EUTs and SRAs performed for UES in 2 hospitals between 1987 and 2015. Restenosis was defined as recurrent radiographically diagnosed hydronephrosis and re-intervention...
August 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813710/is-endoscopic-vasectomy-just-a-dream-an-ex-vivo-study-on-feasibility-and-reliability-of-endoluminal-occlusion-of-porcine-vas-deferens
#17
Daniel Schlager, Moritz Maas, Simon Hein, Fabian Adams, Martin Schoenthaler, Bjoern Spittau, Ulrich Wetterauer, Arkadiusz Miernik
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Surgical vasectomy remains the gold standard for fertility control in men. Endoluminal occlusion of the seminal ducts, thus avoiding an external incision, may become an appealing alternative to this approach. As our group has shown, nontraumatic endoscopic inspection of the seminal ducts is feasible in the human cadaver. We investigated the feasibility and reliability of occlusion using several commercially available medical sealing agents in the porcine vas deferens (VD)...
August 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810248/antibiotic-susceptibility-and-molecular-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-o157-isolates-from-urinary-tract-infections
#18
Zonglan Xie, Ziqiang Dong, Ping Zhu, Lusheng Zhang, Xiaobo Chen, Chuanjiang Dong
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli O157 is an important food-borne pathogen that can cause diarrhoea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uraemic syndrome. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence PCR (ERIC-PCR) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) are good methods for molecular typing and the extensive use of antibiotics is a contributing factor to the increasing incidence of antimicrobial-resistant for these strains. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genetic diversity of E...
August 16, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768261/prostatic-arterial-embolization-followed-by-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-as-a-planned-combined-approach-for-extremely-enlarged-benign-prostate-hyperplasia
#19
Pu Li, Chengming Wang, Qiang Cao, Jiexiu Zhang, Haibin Shi, Xiaoxin Meng
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at reporting the initial experience with prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) followed by holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) as a planned combined approach for extremely enlarged benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), and retrospectively estimating the efficacy and safety of this novel technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four BPH patients who underwent PAE and subsequent HoLEP were included. The PAE procedure was performed under local anesthesia at the supine position with polyvinyl alcohol spherical particles and gelatin sponge particles...
August 3, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768262/clinical-evaluation-of-urine-prostatic-exosomal-protein-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-prostatitis
#20
Xiaojun Li, Ting Jiang, Feng Liu, Xuefeng Shao, Ye Xu, Weixin Sheng, Wei Sun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical potential of urine prostatic exosomal protein (PSEP) as a diagnostic biomarker of chronic prostatitis (CP). Materials andmethods: Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit, urine PSEP levels were detected in 103 control cases as well as 283 cases of CP, with 82 cases fulfilling the definition of the USA National Institutes of Health category II (NIH-II), 108 cases of NIH-IIIa and 93 cases of NIH-IIIb. The values of age, body mass index, prostate volume, serum prostatic specific antigen (PSA) urine PSEP levels, and seminal parameters were analyzed...
July 29, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
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