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Urologia Internationalis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025399/comparative-study-between-silodosin-and-tamsulosin-in-expectant-therapy-of-distal-ureteral-stones
#1
Tarek Gharib, Ahmed Mohey, Abdallah Fathi, Mohamed Alhefnawy, Hisham Alazaby, Amr Eldakhakhny
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of silodosin against tamsulosin as medical expulsion therapeutic agent in stone lower 1/3rd ureter. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty patients divided equally into 2 groups I and II received silodosin 8 mg and tamsulosin 0.4 mg respectively. Patients aged 18 years or older having single unilateral stone 10 mm or less were included in the study. Patients with bilateral or multiple stones, marked hydronephrosis, previous open or endoscopic surgery and having urinary infection were excluded...
July 19, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025391/method-used-for-tumor-bed-closure-suture-vs-sealant-ischemia-time-and-duration-of-surgery-are-independent-predictors-of-post-nephron-sparing-surgery-acute-kidney-injury
#2
Omri Nativ, Zaher Bahouth, Edmond Sabo, Sarel Halachmi, Boaz Moskovitz, Elias G Hellou, Zaid Abassi, Ofer Nativ
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to examine the influence of tumor complexity and operative variables on the degree and rate of post-nephron sparing surgery (NSS) acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 477 patients who underwent NSS for enhancing renal masses in our institution. AKI was determined using the latest definition by AKIN and RIFLE criteria. Serum creatinine was assessed daily starting from day 1 post-surgery and until discharge (usually on postoperative day 3)...
July 19, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016804/recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women-what-is-the-evidence-for-investigating-with-flexible-cystoscopy-imaging-and-urodynamics
#3
REVIEW
Nicola Santoni, Angela Ng, Rachel Skews, Omar M Aboumarzouk
Background/Aims/Objectives: Women with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are commonly referred to urology outpatient clinics. However, there is no clear consensus in existing guidelines as to if, or how, these should be investigated. The primary outcome was to evaluate all available literature to determine the percentage of abnormal findings in non-pregnant women with recurrent simple UTIs. Secondary outcomes were to determine the percentage that were serious, consequential or incidental findings. METHODS: A full literature search was performed of the following databases: MEDLINE; Pubmed; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials-CENTRAL; and ClinicalTrials...
July 17, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016795/a-feasibility-study-utilizing-the-thulium-and-holmium-laser-in-patients-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-after-previous-prostatic-surgery
#4
Benedikt Becker, Christopher Netsch, Peter Glybochko, Leonid Rapoport, Mark Taratkin, Dmitry Enikeev
BACKGROUND: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is considered to be the standard treatment for patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) ≤80 mL. However, up to 14.7% of the patients require secondary TURP due to recurrent BPO. The aim of our study was to describe specific features of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) in patients with recurrent BPO after previous prostate surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 768 consecutive patients from our prospective collected database were retrospectively reviewed and divided into 4 groups: group A (489 patients) and group C (253 patients) underwent primary HoLEP and ThuLEP treatment, while group B (17 patients) and D (9 patients) included patients with recurrent BPO who were treated with HoLEP and ThuLEP, respectively...
July 17, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982255/effect-of-prone-and-supine-positioning-on-computed-tomography-urography-examination
#5
Erdal Karavaş, Safiye Gürel, Aysu Kıyan, Sıddıka Halicioğlu, Emine Dağistan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of performing computed tomography (CT) urogram in the prone position in terms of diagnosis. METHODS: CT urograms of 208 patients imaged randomly in the prone and supine positions were included in this study. A total of 199 patients and 370 collecting systems were examined in total. Axial raw data and reconstructed coronal thin and thick MIP images with a slice thickness of 5 mm were evaluated by 2 independent radiologists blinded to the initial diagnosis...
July 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975959/testicular-preservation-in-46-xy-denys-drash-syndrome-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Amr Hodhod, Yasser A Noureldin, Mohamed El-Sherbiny
Denys Drash Syndrome (DDS) is a rare combination of genital and urinary anomalies that are mostly associated with malignancy. We report 2 patients who presented with genital ambiguity and were diagnosed as 46-XY DDS. During the discussion of the management plan, parents preferred to keep the gonads to preserve its endocrinal function for future sexual development. However, both patients developed primary hypogonadism at puberty and required testosterone supplementation. Persevering gonads in such patients had no endocrinal benefits but put the patients at risk of malignant transformation...
July 5, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975957/positive-association-between-preoperative-total-testosterone-levels-and-risk-of-positive-surgical-margins-by-prostate-cancer-results-in-476-consecutive-patients-treated-only-by-radical-prostatectomy
#7
Antonio Benito Porcaro, Alessandro Tafuri, Marco Sebben, Paolo Corsi, Tania Pocessali, Marco Pirozzi, Nelia Amigoni, Riccardo Rizzetto, Arianna Mariotto, Davide Inverardi, Matteo Brunelli, Roberto Iacovelli, Mario Romano, Salvatore Siracusano, Walter Artibani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate preoperative total testosterone (TT) as a predictor of positive surgical margins (PSM) in prostate cancer (PCA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period from November 2014 to July 2017, preoperative TT was measured in 476 PCA patients undergoing only radical prostatectomy (RP) and including all risk classes. Surgical margins were stated negative, focal positive (single and less than 1 mL), and multifocal positive (more than 1). The risk of TT and clinical factors associated with the risk of PSM (focal or multifocal versus negative) was evaluated by the multinomial logistic regression model...
July 4, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975950/high-grade-t1-on-re-transurethral-resection-after-initial-high-grade-t1-confers-worse-oncological-outcomes-results-of-a-multi-institutional-study
#8
Matteo Ferro, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Francesco Cantiello, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Savino M Di Stasi, Rodolfo Hurle, Giorgio Guazzoni, Gian Maria Busetto, Ettore De Berardinis, Rocco Damiano, Sisto Perdonà, Marco Borghesi, Riccardo Schiavina, Gilberto L Almeida, Pierluigi Bove, Estevao Lima, Giovanni Grimaldi, Riccardo Autorino, Nicolae Crisan, Abdal Rahman Abu Farhan, Paolo Verze, Michele Battaglia, Vincenzo Serretta, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Giuseppe Morgia, Gennaro Musi, Ottavio de Cobelli, Vincenzo Mirone, Shahrokh F Shariat
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this multicenter study was to investigate the prognostic impact of residual T1 high-grade (HG)/G3 tumors at re-transurethral resection (TUR of bladder tumor) in a large multi-institutional cohort of patients with primary T1 HG/G3 bladder cancer (BC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study period was from January 2002 to -December 2012. A total of 1,046 patients with primary T1 HG/G3 and who had non-muscle invasive BC (NMIBC) on re-TUR followed by adjuvant intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy with maintenance were included...
July 4, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953998/adjustable-transobturator-male-system-after-failed-surgical-devices-for-male-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-feasibility-study
#9
Javier C Angulo, Cristina Esquinas, Ignacio Arance, Andrés Rodríguez, Javier Pereira, Miguel Rabassa, Antoine Teyrouz, Fernando Teba, Guillermo Celada, João P Marcelino, Francisco E Martins, Margarida Manso, Francisco Cruz
OBJECTIVES: Feasibility study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Adjustable Transobturator Male System (ATOMS) after failed surgical devices for male stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients were implanted with ATOMS after they were implanted with surgical device/s previously. SUI severity was evaluated as dryness (0-1 pad/day), mild (2 pads/day), moderate (3-5 pads/day), or severe (≥6 pads/day). Change in pad-test and pad-count after adjustment, operative parameters, patient satisfaction, and number and grade of complications were investigated...
June 28, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949811/fournier-s-gangrene-literature-review-and-clinical-cases
#10
Sergey A Chernyadyev, Marina A Ufimtseva, Irina F Vishnevskaya, Yuri M Bochkarev, Alexey A Ushakov, Tatiana A Beresneva, Farid V Galimzyanov, Valery V Khodakov
BACKGROUND: Fornier gangrene is an extremely rare disease of the genitals. This disease is a result of the urogenital tract, anorectal area, and genital skin infections, appearing usually in immunocompromised patients with diabetes, obesity, and malignant neoplasms. The basic treatment of Fournier gangrene includes an emergency surgical intervention combined with antibiotic therapy and detoxification. METHODS: A review of recent papers comprising studies and reviews published in 2005-2016 was performed...
June 27, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949810/can-ureteral-jet-flow-measurement-predict-spontaneous-passage-of-distal-ureteral-stones
#11
Sakir Ongun, Abdurrazak Teken, Orkun Yılmaz, Sakir Süleyman
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the spontaneous passage of distal ureteral stones and ureteral jet flow measurement. METHODS: The study included 74 patients with acute renal colic between June 2015 and June 2016, and distal ureteral stones of 10 mm or less in a non-contrast CT were comprised in a prospective study. The ureteral jet was measured by Doppler ultrasonography. At the fourth week follow-up, kidney-ureter-bladder radiography was taken and the patients who no longer had a stone were considered to have spontaneously passed it...
June 27, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949801/the-role-of-ykl-40-in-predicting-resistance-to-docetaxel-chemotherapy-in-prostate-cancer
#12
Christopher Darr, Ulrich Krafft, Boris Hadaschik, Stephan Tschirdewahn, Sabina Sevcenco, Anita Csizmarik, Peter Nyirady, Zsófia Küronya, Henning Reis, Agnieszka Maj-Hes, Shahrokh F Shariat, Gero Kramer, Tibor Szarvas
INTRODUCTION: High baseline YKL-40 serum levels are associated with drug resistance in several solid tumours. However, their role in predicting docetaxel (DOC) resistance in prostate cancer (PCa) is unknown. METHODS: Pre-treatment serum levels of YKL-40 and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were analyzed in 109 castration-resistant prostate cancer patients who underwent DOC-therapy. Responsive patients were retreated by repeated series of DOC. Results were compared with the clinical parameters as well as overall (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS)...
June 27, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874667/pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-with-mesh-mid-term-efficacy-and-complications
#13
Laura Mateu Arrom, Carlos Errando Smet, Cristina Gutierrez Ruiz, Pedro Araño, Joan Palou Redorta
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to assess the efficacy and complications of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) correction with transvaginal mesh (TVM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed patients who had undergone a repair of an apical (primary or recurrent) or recurrent POP using TVM in our department since 2007. Meshes used were Prolift®, Elevate®, and Surelift®. Satisfaction with surgery was assessed on a 0-10 scale. RESULTS: A total of 83 patients were included (33 Prolift®, 36 Elevate®, 14 Surelift®), with a mean age of 67...
June 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874666/maximizing-nephron-mass-in-horseshoe-kidney-transplantation-using-inferior-epigastric-artery-case-report
#14
Florin-Ioan Elec, Andreea Zaharie, Ionuţ-Lucian Vintilă, Liviu Ghervan
Due to the progressive shortage of donors, kidneys with congenital anomalies are considered for transplantation. We report a successful transplantation of a split horseshoe kidney from a deceased donor by using the inferior epigastric artery with an end-to-end anastomosis, supplying the isthmus. Thus, we preserved as much as possible the functional parenchyma for a good long-term outcome. The learning point is that the use of the right inferior epigastric artery seems to be a good solution to perfuse the lower artery in order to avoid its ligation, thus reducing the nephron mass of the graft...
June 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874665/experience-of-a-tertiary-level-urology-center-in-the-clinical-urological-events-of-rare-and-very-rare-incidence-vi-unusual-events-in-urolithiasis-1-long-standing-urethral-stones-without-underlying-anatomical-abnormalities-in-male-children
#15
Rabea A Gadelkareem, Ahmed A Shahat, Mohamed F Abdelhafez, Ahmed M Moeen, Abdelrady S Ibrahim, Ahmed S Safwat
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to present our center's experience with long-standing urethral stones in male children with normal urethra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective search of our center data was done for the cases of long-standing urethral stones with normal urethra in male children during the period July 2001 - June 2016. Demographic and clinical data were studied. RESULTS: Of more than 54,000 urolithiasis procedures, 17 male children (0...
June 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843132/experience-of-a-tertiary-level-urology-center-in-the-clinical-urological-events-of-rare-and-very-rare-incidence-iii-psychourological-events-1-psychic-anuria
#16
Rabea A Gadelkareem, Ahmed M Moeen, Ahmed Reda, Nashwa M Azoz, Ali F Elhadad, Taha M Taha, Nasreldin Mohammed, Mohammed I Taha
INTRODUCTION: Psychic anuria is an old term, referring to a very rare psycho-urological event that has scarcely been studied so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the patients with psychic anuria presented to Assiut Urology and Nephrology Hospital during the period July 1991-June 2016 was done. Psychic anuria was defined, and the demographic and clinical characteristics including the methods of diagnosis and management were studied. RESULTS: Of more than 3,800 cases of anuria, 9 female patients (0...
May 29, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768277/the-brief-sexual-symptom-checklist-as-a-screening-tool-for-sex-related-problems-in-the-primary-care-setting-focus-on-erectile-dysfunction
#17
Javier Romero Otero, Borja García Gómez, José Medina Polo, Esther García Rojo, Eduardo García Cruz, Francois Peinado, Raquel Sopeña Sutil, Giorgio Bozzini, Alfredo Rodríguez Antolín
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the Brief Sexual Symptom Checklist for men (BSSC-M) questionnaire in General Practitioner's (GP) consults in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted in Spain among men ≥50 years, visiting a GP for any reason, and being able to answer self-administered questionnaires. Patients receiving medicines for erectile dysfunction (ED) and those with poor functional status were excluded. Sexual satisfaction was assessed by the BSSC-M, ED by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM), and quality of life (QoL) using a 5-point Likert scale...
May 16, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758554/psychosocial-distress-in-bladder-cancer-stratified-by-gender-age-treatment-and-tumour-stage
#18
Désirée Louise Draeger, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Oliver W Hakenberg
OBJECTIVES: Cancer patients have to cope with anxieties -concerning their prognosis, potential recurrence/progression, and treatment-associated sequelae. Stress-related psychosocial factors influence survival and disease-related mortality in cancer patients. Despite improvements in diagnosis and treatment, bladder cancer (BC) remains characterized by high rates of recurrence and progression. We screened -pre-therapeutically the stress level of BC patients stratified by gender, disease state, treatment, and other factors by -self-administered validated questionnaires to integrate them into psychosocial support as needed...
May 14, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734177/multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-to-confirm-eligibility-to-an-active-surveillance-program-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer-intermediate-time-results-of-a-third-referral-high-volume-centre-active-surveillance-protocol
#19
Stefano Luzzago, Gennaro Musi, Michele Catellani, Andrea Russo, Ettore Di Trapani, Francesco Alessandro Mistretta, Roberto Bianchi, Gabriele Cozzi, Andrea Conti, Paola Pricolo, Matteo Ferro, Deliu-Victor Matei, Vincenzo Mirone, Giuseppe Petralia, Ottavio de Cobelli
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of confirmatory multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate at the time of Active Surveillance (AS) enrollment to reduce disease misclassification. MATERIALS: From 2012 to 2016, 383 patients with low-risk disease respecting Prostate Cancer Research International AS criteria underwent confirmatory 1.5-T mpMRI. AS was proposed to patients with Prostate Imaging and Report and Data System (PI-RADS) score ≤3 and no extraprostatic extension (EPE), whereas patients with PI-RADS score ≥4 and/or EPE were treated actively...
May 7, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719301/retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-symptomatic-renal-sinus-cysts-long-term-results-and-literature-review
#20
Vito Mancini, Luigi Cormio, Nicola d'Altilia, Giuseppe Benedetto, Paolo Ferrarese, Matteo Balzarro, Lorenzo Defidio, Giuseppe Carrieri
INTRODUCTION: To report the long-term multicenter experience with retrograde intrarenal holmium-laser incision (RIR-HoLI) in the management of symptomatic renal sinus cysts (RSCs). In the literature, RIR-HoLI has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment, but there are only a few reports regarding long-term results and reproducibility of this procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From June 2010 to June 2015, 14 patients with symptomatic RSCs underwent RIR-HoLI...
May 2, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
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