journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Research in Personality

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230075/personality-predicts-mortality-risk-an-integrative-data-analysis-of-15-international-longitudinal-studies
#1
Eileen K Graham, Joshua P Rutsohn, Nicholas A Turiano, Rebecca Bendayan, Philip J Batterham, Denis Gerstorf, Mindy J Katz, Chandra A Reynolds, Emily S Sharp, Tomiko B Yoneda, Emily D Bastarache, Lorien G Elleman, Elizabeth M Zelinski, Boo Johansson, Diana Kuh, Lisa L Barnes, David A Bennett, Dorly J H Deeg, Richard B Lipton, Nancy L Pedersen, Andrea M Piccinin, Avron Spiro, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Sherry L Willis, K Warner Schaie, Carol Roan, Pamela Herd, Scott M Hofer, Daniel K Mroczek
This study examined the Big Five personality traits as predictors of mortality risk, and smoking as a mediator of that association. Replication was built into the fabric of our design: we used a Coordinated Analysis with 15 international datasets, representing 44,094 participants. We found that high neuroticism and low conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were consistent predictors of mortality across studies. Smoking had a small mediating effect for neuroticism. Country and baseline age explained variation in effects: studies with older baseline age showed a pattern of protective effects (HR<1...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158609/three-way-interaction-of-neuroticism-extraversion-and-conscientiousness-in-the-internalizing-disorders-evidence-of-disorder-specificity-in-a-psychiatric-sample
#2
Kristin Naragon-Gainey, Leonard J Simms
It is well-established that neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness are individually associated with internalizing disorders, but research suggests that these main effects may be qualified by a three-way interaction when predicting depression. The current study was the first to examine this three-way interaction in a psychiatric sample (N=463) with a range of internalizing symptoms as the outcomes. Using two omnibus personality inventories and a diagnostic interview, the expected three-way interaction emerged most consistently for symptoms of major depression, and there was also evidence of synergistic effects for post-traumatic stress disorder and generalized anxiety disorder...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097826/the-role-of-response-styles-in-the-assessment-of-intraindividual-personality-variability
#3
Brendan M Baird, Richard E Lucas, M Brent Donnellan
Although personality psychologists often focus on between-person differences, understanding intraindividual variability is also a critical focus of the subdiscipline. Despite the fact that non-self-report techniques exist for assessing variability, questionnaire-based measures are still the norm. In two studies (N = 149 and N = 202) we examine the possibility that intraindividual variability measures derived from repeated self-report assessments are affected by certain response styles. These studies, which use a variety of techniques for assessing within-person variability, show that standard measures are moderately to strongly correlated with theoretically unrelated variability measures, including those based on ratings of satisfaction with neutral objects or the personality of cartoon characters...
August 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959082/behavioral-landscapes-and-earth-mover-s-distance-a-new-approach-for-studying-individual-differences-in-density-distributions
#4
Nilam Ram, Lizbeth Benson, Timothy R Brick, David E Conroy, Aaron L Pincus
Contemporary views of personality highlight intraindividual variability. We forward a general method for quantifying individual differences in behavioral tendencies based on Earth Mover's Distance. Using data from 150 individuals who reported on their and others' interpersonal behavior in 64,112 social interactions, we illustrate how this new approach can advance notions of personality as density distributions. Results provide independent confirmation and establish validity of existing representations of individual differences in interpersonal behavior, and identify new dimensions and profiles of personality and well-being...
August 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959081/velocity-explains-the-links-between-personality-states-and-affect
#5
Joshua A Wilt, Wiebke Bleidorn, William Revelle
The present research examined whether perceived rate of progress toward a goal (velocity) mediated the relationships between personality states and affective states. Drawing from control theories of self-regulation, we hypothesized (i) that increased velocity would mediate the association between state extraversion and state positive affect, and (ii) that decreased velocity would mediate the association between state neuroticism and state negative affect. We tested these hypotheses in 2 experience sampling methodology studies that each spanned 2 weeks...
August 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781390/virtual-personalities-using-computational-modeling-to-understand-within-person-variability
#6
Stephen J Read, Benjamin Smith, Vitaliya Droutman, Lynn C Miller
How can the same underlying psychological/neurobiological system result in both stable between-individual differences and high levels of within-individual variability in personality states over time and situations? We argue that both types of variability result from a psychological system based on structured, chronic motivations, where behavior at a specific point in time is a joint function of the current availability of motive affordances in the situation, current motivationally relevant bodily or interoceptive states, and the result of the competition among alternative active motives...
August 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104326/parents-adjustment-following-the-death-of-their-child-resilience-is-multidimensional-and-differs-across-outcomes-examined
#7
Frank J Infurna, Suniya S Luthar
We examine whether the previously reported commonness of resilience to significant adversity extends to parents' death of a child. To examine our research questions, we apply growth mixture models to longitudinal data from 461 parents in the HILDA study who had experienced child loss. The proportion of parents manifesting resilience were 44%, 56%, 21%, 32%, and 16% for life satisfaction, negative affect, positive affect, general health, and physical functioning, respectively. Only 5% were resilient across all five indices, whereas 28% did not show a resilient trajectory across all outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983137/modeling-the-complexity-of-dynamic-momentary-interpersonal-behavior-applying-the-time-varying-effect-model-to-test-predictions-from-interpersonal-theory
#8
Sarah S Dermody, Katherine M Thomas, Christopher J Hopwood, C Emily Durbin, Aidan G C Wright
This paper demonstrates a recently-popularized quantitative method, the time-varying effect model (TVEM), in describing dynamic, momentary interpersonal processes implicated by Interpersonal Theory. We investigated moment-to-moment complementarity in affiliation and control behaviors (i.e., correspondence in affiliation and reciprocity in control between married dyad members) in a five-minute interaction (N=135), and how complementarity changed over time. Overall, results supported complementarity in affiliation and control...
June 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983136/childhood-inhibitory-control-and-adolescent-impulsivity-and-novelty-seeking-as-differential-predictors-of-relational-and-overt-aggression
#9
Katherine Sarkisian, Carol Van Hulle, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, H H Goldsmith
Impulsivity is commonly conflated with novelty seeking, but these traits are conceptually independent and hold different predictive implications. Using a multi-informant, longitudinal design, we examined childhood inhibitory control, as well as adolescent impulsivity and novelty seeking, as predictors of aggression in a sample of 976 twins. Lower childhood inhibitory control and higher adolescent impulsivity predicted both overt and relational aggression in regression analyses that accounted for sex, puberty status, age, and socioeconomic status...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943676/bidirectional-pathways-between-relational-aggression-and-temperament-from-late-childhood-to-adolescence
#10
Olivia E Atherton, Jennifer L Tackett, Emilio Ferrer, Richard W Robins
Relational aggression is linked to numerous adverse consequences. However, we know little about how temperament leads individuals to become perpetrators/victims of relational aggression, or how being a perpetrator/victim influences the development of temperament. We used longitudinal data from 674 Mexican-origin youth to examine relations between relational aggression and mother- and child-reported temperament from 5(th) grade (Mage=10.8; SD=0.60) through 11(th) grade (Mage=16.8; SD=0.50). Results show that: (a) high Negative Emotionality and low Effortful Control predicted increases in victimization; (b) low Effortful Control predicted increases in perpetration; (c) victims increased in Negative Emotionality and decreased in Effortful Control; and (d) perpetrators increased in Negative Emotionality and Surgency...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584388/relations-of-positive-and-negative-expressivity-and-effortful-control-to-kindergarteners-student-teacher-relationship-academic-engagement-and-externalizing-problems-at-school
#11
Anjolii Diaz, Nancy Eisenberg, Carlos Valiente, Sarah VanSchyndel, Tracy L Spinrad, Rebecca Berger, Maciel M Hernandez, Kassondra M Silva, Jody Southworth
The current study examined the role of naturally-occurring negative and positive emotion expressivity in kindergarten and children's effortful control (EC) on their relationships with teachers, academic engagement, and problems behaviors in school. Further, the potential moderating role of EC on these important school outcomes was assessed. Emotion and engagement were observed at school. EC was assessed by multiple methods. Teachers reported on their student-teacher relationships and student's externalizing behaviors...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579657/from-elementary-school-to-midlife-childhood-personality-predicts-behavior-during-cognitive-testing-over-four-decades-later
#12
Christopher S Nave, Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson, Theresa Murzyn, Kyle S Sauerberger
The current study uses a prospective, longitudinal design and lifespan perspective to understand how child personality relates to directly observed adult behavior during cognitive testing. Teacher assessments of child Big Five personality in elementary school were correlated with directly observed behaviors during a videotaped cognitive test four decades later. Past work suggested Openness and Conscientiousness may relate to task-relevant academic behaviors. Childhood Openness was associated with several behaviors, even after controlling for participant's cognitive performance...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529391/getting-to-the-heart-of-personality-in-early-childhood-cardiac-electrophysiology-and-stability-of-temperament
#13
Mengjiao Li, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Susan D Calkins, Martha Ann Bell
Can detection of highly stable individual differences in temperament in early childhood be enhanced using measures of resting heart rate (HR) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)? The current longitudinal study (N = 216, 50% female; two to four years old) tested the statistical moderating effects of longitudinal change in resting HR and RSA on stability of mother-rated temperament. Children with the smallest decreases in resting HR and smallest increases in resting RSA had the most stable individual differences in effortful control...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479643/toddler-emotional-states-temperamental-traits-and-their-interaction-associations-with-mothers-and-fathers-parenting
#14
Margaret A Fields, Pamela M Cole, Mirella C Maggi
We investigated the degree to which toddlers' observed emotional states, toddlers' temperamental traits, and their interaction accounted for variance in mothers' and fathers' parenting. Main effects of two emotional states (positive emotion and negative emotion), three temperamental traits (negative affectivity, effortful control, and surgency) as well as state-by-trait interactions, were examined in relation to parental sensitivity, positive affect, and negative affect. The hypothesis that toddlers' temperamental traits would moderate the association between their observed emotional states and parenting was partially supported...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416889/predicting-toddler-temperamental-approach-withdrawal-contributions-of-early-approach-tendencies-parenting-behavior-and-contextual-novelty
#15
Mairin E Augustine, Kameron J Moding, Cynthia A Stifter
Research suggests that temperamental approach-withdrawal is subject to parenting influences, but few studies have explored how specific parenting behaviors and contextual novelty contribute to the observed pattern of effects. The present study examined associations between infant temperamental approach, mother behavior while introducing novel objects (12 months) and temperamental approach-withdrawal in toddlerhood (18 months) in a sample of 132 infants (68 males). Maternal positive affect predicted more toddler approach-withdrawal for high-approach infants and maternal stimulation predicted less toddler approach-withdrawal for low-approach infants; however, these patterns varied with intensity of novelty in both parenting and toddler outcome contexts...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408770/personality-in-the-age-of-industry-structure-heritability-and-correlates-of-personality-in-middle-childhood-from-the-perspective-of-parents-teachers-and-children
#16
D Angus Clark, C Emily Durbin, Brian M Hicks, William G Iacono, Matt McGue
Middle childhood is a crucial juncture in the lifespan where children work towards achieving a sense of competence foundational for future development. However, middle childhood has historically been underrepresented in the personality literature. The current study provides a comprehensive examination of personality in middle childhood using a large (N = 2510), longitudinal sample of 10- to 12-year-old twins. The structure, heritability, and correlates of personality in this period were investigated using personality ratings of parents, teachers, and children...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408769/variable-and-person-centered-approaches-to-examining-temperament-vulnerability-and-resilience-to-the-effects-of-contextual-risk
#17
Lyndsey Moran, Liliana J Lengua, Maureen Zalewski, Erika Ruberry, Melanie Klien, Stephanie Thompson, Cara Kiff
Using both variable- and person-centered approaches, this study examined the role of temperament in relation to children's vulnerable or resilient responses to cumulative risk. Observed reactivity and regulation dimensions of temperament were tested as mediating and moderating the relation between family cumulative risk and teacher-reported adjustment problems in a sample of 259 preschool-age children. Further, latent profile analyses were used to examine whether profiles of temperament, accounting for multiple characteristics simultaneously, provided additional information about the role of temperament in children's responses to risk...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649150/personality-and-frailty-evidence-from-four-samples
#18
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Brice Canada, Antonio Terracciano
Frailty is a prevalent geriatric syndrome. Little is known about the psychological factors associated with this syndrome. Based on four large samples of older adults aged from 65 to 104 years old, the present study examined whether personality traits are related to frailty. High neuroticism, low conscientiousness, low extraversion, low openness and low agreeableness were related to higher frailty across samples. Longitudinal analysis conducted in one sample revealed that high neuroticism was associated with worsening frailty over an 8-year period...
February 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461710/the-value-of-a-purposeful-life-sense-of-purpose-predicts-greater-income-and-net-worth
#19
Patrick L Hill, Nicholas A Turiano, Daniel K Mroczek, Anthony L Burrow
Having a sense of purpose in life appears valuable across life domains, though it remains unclear whether purpose also provides financial value to individuals. The current study examined sense of purpose as a predictor of concurrent and longitudinal income and net worth levels, using two waves of the MIDUS sample of adults (N = 4660 across both assessments). Participants who reported a higher sense of purpose had higher levels of household income and net worth initially, and were more likely to increase on these financial outcomes over the nine years between assessments...
December 2016: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551162/stress-related-changes-in-personality-a-longitudinal-study-of-perceived-stress-and-trait-pessimism
#20
Grant S Shields, Loren L Toussaint, George M Slavich
Although research has shown that certain aspects of personality can change over time, the determinants of such change remain unclear. Stress alters neural dynamics and precipitates disorders that shape personality traits involving negative affectivity. In this study, therefore, we assessed the perceived stress and pessimism levels of 332 young, middle-aged, and older adults for five weeks to examine how levels of stress and pessimism change and interrelate over time. The best fitting longitudinal model was a bivariate latent growth curve model, which indicated that stress and pessimism both changed and exhibited significant variability in change over time...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Personality
journal
journal
24786
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"