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Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291400/effect-of-variations-in-stent-placement-on-outcome-of-endoluminal-stenting-for-canine-tracheal-collapse
#1
Stephanie Rosenheck, Garrett Davis, Carl D Sammarco, Richard Bastian
The study's objective was to determine effects of relative size and placement location of endoluminal stents on incidence of complications and survival for canine tracheal collapse. Measurements were obtained on lateral radiographs before and after stenting to determine percent of the trachea occupied by the stent. These values were monitored over time and compared to complication rates and survival. Overall median survival time was 502 days. Six month survival rate was 78%, 1 yr survival was 60%, and 2 yr survival was 26%...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291399/resection-and-primary-closure-of-edematous-glossoepiglottic-mucosa-in-a-dog-causing-laryngeal-obstruction
#2
Kevin J Schabbing, Jeffrey A Seaman
An approximately 22 mo old male neutered English bulldog was evaluated for acute onset of dyspnea with suspected brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Laryngoscopic exam revealed diffuse, severe edema and static displacement of redundant glossoepiglottic (GE) mucosa causing complete obstruction of the larynx and epiglottic entrapment. Static displacement of the GE mucosa was observed and determined to be the overriding component of dyspnea in this patient with BOAS. Resection and primary closure with two separate, simple continuous sutures of the GE mucosa were performed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291398/periodontal-therapy-in-dogs-using-bone-augmentation-products-marketed-for-veterinary-use
#3
Molly Angel
Periodontal disease is extremely common in companion animal practice. Patients presenting for a routine oral examination and prophylaxis may be found to have extensive periodontal disease and attachment loss. Vertical bone loss is a known sequela to periodontal disease and commonly involves the distal root of the mandibular first molar. This case report outlines two dogs presenting for oral examination and prophylaxis with general anesthesia. Both patients did not have any clinical symptoms of periodontal disease other than halitosis...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291397/evaluation-of-the-impacts-of-epilepsy-in-dogs-on-their-caregivers
#4
Julie A Nettifee, Karen R Munana, Emily H Griffith
Epilepsy is a common problem in dogs, and management of this chronic disorder requires a substantial commitment on the part of the pet owner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of epilepsy in dogs on their owners, utilizing an online survey tool. A questionnaire was developed to explore a variety of factors, including seizure history, treatment, outcome, quality of life, costs associated with therapy, and sources of support. A total of 225 responses were obtained. The majority of respondents reported positive scores for overall quality of life, although scores were significantly lower for dogs with poorly controlled epilepsy and medication-related adverse effects...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291396/mandibular-reconstruction-by-using-a-liquid-nitrogen-treated-autograft-in-a-dog-with-an-oral-tumor
#5
Yasuhiko Okamura, Kazuki Heishima, Tomoki Motegi, Jun Sasaki, Masanobu Goryo, Hideji Nishida, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Masaaki Katayama, Yuji Uzuka
A 10 yr old intact female German shepherd dog presented with a large peripheral odontogenic fibroma and malignant melanoma on her lower jaw. The tumor was resected with a unilateral subtotal rostral hemimandibulectomy. After the mandible was removed, it was devitalized intraoperatively by freezing it in liquid nitrogen. It was subsequently reimplanted. New bone tissue formed in the gap between the frozen bone and the host bone. The regenerated bone contained osteocytes, osteoblasts, and blood vessels. The cosmetic appearance of the dog was preserved...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291395/prospective-evaluation-of-intra-articular-dextrose-prolotherapy-for-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-in-dogs
#6
J Matthew Sherwood, James K Roush, Laura J Armbrust, Walter C Renberg
The objective of this study was to evaluate intra-articular dextrose prolotherapy for osteoarthritis of the elbow or stifle in dogs in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective pilot study. Seventeen dogs were evaluated with 10 meeting inclusion criteria for this study. Evaluations included orthopedic exam, visual lameness scoring, Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), goniometry, kinetic gait analysis, and radiography. Initial lameness score, age, body weight, duration of lameness, and CBPI scores did not differ between groups...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291394/cycad-palm-toxicosis-in-14-dogs-from-texas
#7
Carolyn Clarke, Derek Burney
The goal of this study is to report clinical information, diagnostic findings, and treatment modalities; assess variables that may help distinguish survivors from nonsurvivors; and review the outcome of cycad palm toxicosis in dogs. Fourteen client-owned dogs with confirmed cycad palm ingestion were identified by reviewing the medical record database at Gulf Coast Veterinary Specialists. Information on signalment, time of ingestion to presentation, clinical signs, physical examination findings, initial and peak/nadir laboratory abnormalities, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings, treatment modalities, liver histopathology, and clinical outcome was retrieved...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841681/thromboembolism-in-dogs-with-protein-losing-enteropathy-with-non-neoplastic-chronic-small-intestinal-disease
#8
Ana M L Jacinto, Alison E Ridyard, Itamar Aroch, Penny J Watson, Linda R Morrison, Marge L Chandler, Sharon Kuzi
Dogs with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) are suggested to be at increased risk of developing thromboembolic events. However, with some exceptions, there are very few reports of thromboembolism in such dogs. This multicentre retrospective observational study describes a case series of thromboembolism (TE) in eight dogs with PLE secondary to non-neoplastic, chronic small intestinal disease. Seven dogs had poorly controlled PLE when the thromboembolic event occurred. Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) occurred in six dogs, while one dog developed splenic vein thrombosis and another had concurrent splenic vein and aortic TE...
May 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282236/comparison-of-morphine-morphine-lidocaine-and-morphine-lidocaine-ketamine-infusions-in-dogs-using-an-incision-induced-pain-model
#9
Ludovica Chiavaccini, Andrew K Claude, Robert E Meyer
We aimed to compare antinociceptive effects of IV infusions of morphine (M), morphine-lidocaine (ML), or morphine-lidocaine-ketamine (MLK) combined, in a mild-to-moderate pain model in dogs. Eighteen adult hounds were heavily sedated with IV morphine (0.2 mg/kg) and dexmedetomidine to undergo thoracic skin incisions. After reversal, dogs were randomly assigned to receive loading doses of lidocaine and ketamine (MLK), lidocaine and saline (ML), or equivalent volume of saline (M), followed by 18 hr constant infusions of morphine (0...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282235/artifacts-during-short-term-interictal-electroencephalographic-recording-in-dogs
#10
Alberto Cauduro, Maurizio Dondi, Paolo Favole, Mauro Opreni, Lucia Antonietta Simonetto, Valentina Lorenzo
The electroencephalogram (EEG) is an electrodiagnostic technique widely used in both scientific research and clinical medicine. It makes it possible to study the neurophysiology of brain activity by recording real-time changes in electrical potential produced by cortical activation. The importance of EEG in diagnosing canine epilepsy demonstrates its usefulness when the owner's description of crises is not clear or when the episodes cannot be differentiated from behavioral or cardiac disorders. However, EEG recordings also often record electrical activity from sources other than the brain, which may interfere with the clinical event-related signal...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282234/breed-specific-vertebral-heart-scale-for-the-dachshund
#11
Ryan Birks, Deborah M Fine, Stacey B Leach, Sarah E Clay, Bryan D Eason, Lisa G Britt, Kenneth E Lamb
The objectives of this study were to determine a breed-specific vertebral heart scale (VHS) range for the dachshund and compare results to the established reference range of 9.7 ± 0.5, calculate inter-observer variability, and correlate VHS with echocardiography. Fifty-one normal dachshunds had radiographs and an echocardiogram performed. Five observers measured VHS to the nearest 0.25 vertebra. The data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance, Wilcoxon Rank Sum test, Mann-Whitney rank sum test, calculation of reference and confidence intervals, Spearman rank-order correlations, and generation of intra-class correlations and confidence intervals...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282233/dietary-management-of-hyperthyroidism-in-a-dog
#12
Andrea Looney, Joseph Wakshlag
An 8 yr old female spayed golden retriever presented for a routine exam during which ventral cervical soft tissue masses were identified. History included weight loss, increased activity and appetite, gagging, and occasional diarrhea. Exam findings included a body condition score of 4/9 and palpable ventral cervical nodules. A serum thyroxine (T4) value was 8.0 ug/dL (normal = 0.8-3.5ug/dL). Doppler systolic blood pressure readings ranged from 200-210 mmHg (normal systolic blood pressure <150 mmHg). The diagnosis was hyperthyroidism due to active thyroid masses...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282232/an-atypical-case-of-leishmaniasis-associated-with-chronic-duodenitis-in-a-dog
#13
Ignacio Ayala, Luis Jesus Bernal, Juan Diego Garcia-Martinez, Miguel Angel Gomez, Jose Antonio Navarro, Antonio Bernabe
We describe an atypical case of duodenal leishmaniasis in a boxer dog presenting with chronic diarrhea and poor general condition. Antidiarrheic therapy was previously administered without success and inflammatory bowel disease localized to the small intestine was suspected, given the chronic clinical signs and by ruling out other known causes of gastrointestinal inflammation. Endoscopic biopsy of duodenum showed a moderate increase in lamina propria lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages. Basophilic bodies were seen in the cytoplasm of numerous macrophages, suggestive of Leishmania spp, confirmed by immunostaining, and a diagnosis of granulomatous duodenitis associated to Leishmania infection was made...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282231/safety-of-benazepril-in-400-azotemic-and-110-non-azotemic-client-owned-cats-2001-2012
#14
Jennifer O Lavallee, Gary D Norsworthy, Carla L Huston, Dennis J Chew
This retrospective study examined cats after initiation of benazepril therapy to determine the frequency of systemic hypotension or elevations in serum creatinine and/or potassium. Medical records review identified azotemic and non-azotemic cats prescribed benazepril. Blood pressure was recorded at the first available time after initiation of therapy. No cats experienced documented systolic systemic hypotension (<90 mmHg). Serum creatinine, and potassium when available, were recorded at baseline and in time windows after initiation of treatment: 1-30 days and 31-60 days...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282230/nebulized-adrenaline-in-the-postoperative-management-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-a-pug
#15
Jenny Ellis, Elizabeth Ann Leece
Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome is a common problem in certain breeds, and may necessitate surgical procedures, such as rhinoplasty, palatoplasty, laryngeal sacculectomy, and/or arytenoid laryngoplasty, to improve the quality of life. However, laryngeal edema may necessitate the use of temporary tracheostomy tubes postoperatively to maintain a patent airway. This case demonstrates that administration of nebulized adrenaline in the immediate postoperative period where upper airway obstruction is life threatening can be used to reduce edema, therefore avoiding the need for tracheostomy...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282229/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-early-compared-to-late-enteral-nutrition-in-canine-septic-peritonitis
#16
Jamie Elizabeth Hoffberg, Amy Koenigshof
Septic peritonitis is a relatively common condition in the veterinary intensive care unit, with a classically high mortality rate. Early enteral nutrition (EEN) in critically ill humans can lead to improved outcome. This study was performed to determine the safety of early postoperative feeding in canine septic peritonitis. In this retrospective case series, 56 dogs were identified. Sixteen dogs received EEN, defined as nutrition within 24 hr of surgery; 27 received late enteral nutrition (LEN) defined as nutrition more than 24 hours following surgery; and 13 dogs had no enteral nutrition in hospital (NEN)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841684/heartworm-removal-guided-by-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-a-dog-with-naturally-acquired-caval-syndrome
#17
Leonardo Cavaliere, Giovanni Romito, Oriol Domenech, Luigi Venco
A 14 mo old shih tzu was referred for dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hematuria. Heartworm disease with caval syndrome was diagnosed by laboratory tests, thoracic radiography, and transthoracic echocardiography. The minimally invasive heartworm removal procedure was performed using flexible alligator forceps guided by transesophageal echocardiography. The procedure was successfully performed removing over 94% of heartworms displayed echocardiographically without any intraoperative complication.
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841682/clinical-response-and-adverse-event-profile-of-bleomycin-chemotherapy-for-canine-multicentric-lymphoma
#18
Ashley A Smith, Amandine Lejeune, Kelvin Kow, Rowan J Milner, Carlos H M Souza
Although canine multicentric lymphoma is initially responsive to multidrug chemotherapy, resistance and relapse create a need for novel chemotherapeutics. Bleomycin is an antitumor antibiotic with a minimal adverse event profile; though commonly used for human non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, its use is poorly characterized in dogs. The purpose of this retrospective case series was to describe the clinical response and adverse event profile of systemic bleomycin for canine multicentric lymphoma (n = 10). A partial response was noted in one dog that died 24 days later due to unrelated disease...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841685/intradural-dirofilariasis-in-a-dog-with-chronic-cervical-pain
#19
Kathleen Ann Bonawandt, Jason M Berg, Richard J Joseph, Joseph D Stefanacci
A 7 yr old female spayed Yorkshire terrier was referred to the author's institute for a 5 mo history of recurrent cervical spinal pain. Neurologic examination did not reveal any deficits. Hematologic and serum analyses were within normal limits. Thoracic radiographs that incorporated the cervical spine did not show structural abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine demonstrated a contrast enhancing, intradural extramedullary lesion at the level of the C2 vertebra. Hemilaminectomy was performed, during which a long, narrow nematode was visualized upon opening of the dura mater...
January 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841683/percutaneous-screw-fixation-of-incomplete-ossification-of-the-humeral-condyle-in-three-dogs-four-elbows
#20
Jean-Guillaume Robert Grand
Transcondylar screw fixation was performed using a minimally invasive percutaneous technique on three dogs (four elbows) diagnosed with incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle. The technique was performed using an aiming device in all four elbow joints and assisted by intraoperative fluoroscopy in one. All screws were successfully placed on first attempt and no elbow joint required repositioning of the transcondylar screw. On immediate postoperative radiographs, median transcondylar screw angulation was 2...
November 14, 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
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