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Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926810/analysis-of-changes-in-cancer-health-care-system-in-poland-since-the-socio-economic-transformation-in-1989
#1
Dorota Dudek-Godeau, Anna Kieszkowska-Grudny, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska, Joanna Bogusz, Mirosław J Wysocki, Magdalena Bielska-Lasota
Background: The transformation period in Poland is associated with a set of factors seen as ‘socio-economic stress’, which unfavourably influenced cancer treatment and slowed down the progress of the Polish cancer care in the 90’s. These outcomes in many aspects of cancer care may be experienced till today. The results of the international EUROCARE and CONCORD studies based on European data prove evidence that there is a substantial potential for improvement of low 5-year survival rates in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926809/public-health-physicians-and-dentists-in-poland-results-from-public-health-workforce-pilot-study
#2
Dorota Cianciara, Katarzyna Lewtak, Maria Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Gajewska, Ewa Urban, Katarzyna Brukało
Background: Monitoring public health workforce is one of the essential functions of the public health system. Objective: The aim of the study was to identify the specialities for physicians and dentists related to public health in the years 1951-2013, and analyse of available data on physicians and dentists certified as public health specialists (PHS) in 2003-2015. Material and Methods: The historical analysis covers a relevant regulations of a minister in charge of health...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926808/evaluation-of-communication-and-acceptance-of-the-patients-by-medical-personnel
#3
Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Mirosław J Jarosz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz
Background: The low level of patient satisfaction recorded in many studies and, at the same time, the level of frustration and burnout, disclosed by medics in the perception of the patient as a ‘problem’, incline to look for the causes of inadequate relationship between physician and patient. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of the patient by the medical personnel. The research problem was the acceptance level which was within the range of the communication skills of the nurses and doctors...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925712/quantitative-assessment-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#4
Małgorzata Szczuko, Magdalena Skowronek, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Andrzej Starczewski
Background: PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is called a pathology of the XX century and affects at least 10-15% women of childbearing age. The therapy involves pharmacotherapy of hormonal imbalance, as well as the change of lifestyle, including the diet. Objective: Performing the quantitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS, comparing the results with current dietary standards for Polish people and defining dietary requirements for the patients...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925711/evaluation-of-susceptibility-of-polymer-and-rubber-materials-intended-into-contact-with-drinking-water-on-biofilm-formation
#5
Maciej Szczotko, Agnieszka Stankiewicz, Małgorzata Jamsheer-Bratkowska
Background: Plumbing materials in water distribution networks and indoor installations are constantly evolving. The application of new, more economical solutions with plastic materials eliminates the corrosion problems, however, do not fully protect the consumer against secondary microbial contamination of water intended for human consumption caused by the presence of a biofilm on the inner surface of materials applied. National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene conducts research aimed at a comprehensive assessment of this type of materials, resulting their further marketing authorization in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925710/assessment-of-water-intake-from-food-and-beverages-by-elderly-in-poland
#6
Małgorzata E Drywień, Katarzyna Galon
Background: Fluid intake in elderly is more important than in younger individuals, because compromised homeostatic mechanisms such as loss of the thirst sensation can result in dehydration. Objective: The aim of the present study was the assessment of water intake from food and beverages by free-living elderly in Poland. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 138 volunteers (women and men) at the age of 60 to 90, recruited from Warsaw and Płock Universities of the Third Age and different informal groups from the same cities...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925709/estimation-of-dietary-supplements-intake-in-a-selected-group-of-women-over-50-and-the-risk-assessment-of-interactions-between-the-ingredients-of-dietary-supplements-and-drugs
#7
Joanna Sadowska, Magda Bruszkowska
Background: Concurrent use of dietary supplements and drugs may result in complications of pharmacotherapy due to possible interactions between their ingredients. Objectives: The aim of the survey was to estimate the intake of dietary supplements in a group of women over 50 and to analyse the risk of interactions between the ingredients of dietary supplements and drugs taken by the women. Material and Methods: The study was carried out among 146 women over 50 years of age...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925708/determinants-of-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-among-secondary-and-high-school-students
#8
Karolina Gajda, Monika Zielińska, Anna Ciecierska, Jadwiga Hamułka
Background: All over the world, including Poland, the sale of dietary supplements is increasing. More and more often, people including children and youths, use dietary supplements on their own initiative and without any medical indications or knowledge in this field. Objectives: Analysis of the conditions of using the dietary supplements with vitamins and minerals among secondary school and high school students in Poland. Material and methods: The study included 396 students aged 13-18 years (249 girls and 147 boys)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925707/natural-mineral-bottled-waters-available-on-the-polish-market-as-a-source-of-minerals-for-the-consumers-part-2-the-intake-of-sodium-and-potassium
#9
Anna Gątarska, Joanna Ciborska, Elżbieta Tońska
Background: Natural mineral waters are purchased and consumed according to consumer preferences and possible recommendations. The choice of appropriate water should take into account not only the general level of mineralization but also the content of individual components, including electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Sodium is necessary to ensure the proper physiological functions of the body. It is defined as a health risk factor only when its excessive intake occurs. Potassium acts antagonistically towards sodium and calcium ions, contributes to a reduction of the volume of extracellular fluids and at the same time reduces muscle tension and permeability of cell membranes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925706/influence-of-temperature-and-brewing-time-of-nettle-urtica-dioica-l-infusions-on-vitamin-c-content
#10
Jolanta Wolska, Michał Czop, Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda
Background: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) can be found in temperate climate zones of Europe, Africa and America Nettle may be a source of nutritional ingredients, mineral salts, vitamins and antioxidants. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of temperature and brewing time Urtica dioica L. infusions from different parts of this plant on vitamin C (ascorbic acid) content. Material and methods: Infusions of nettle leaf, stem and root were prepared at room temperature, 50°C, 60°C, 70°C and 80°C for 10 minutes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925705/occurrence-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruiting-vegetables-from-production-farms-in-south-eastern-region-of-poland
#11
Magdalena Słowik-Borowiec, Ewa Szpyrka, Julian Rupar, Magdalena Podbielska, Aneta Matyaszek
Background: Considering the fact that pesticides are commonly used in agriculture, continuous monitoring of these substances in food products is of great significance. Residues of these substances can be present in crops after harvest. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland in 2012–2015. Material and methods: 138 samples were tested using accredited test methods...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922740/antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-spp-isolated-from-food
#12
Łukasz Mąka, Magdalena Popowska
This review summarizes current data on resistance among Salmonella spp. isolates of food origin from countries in different regions of the world. The mechanisms of resistance to different groups of antimicrobial compounds are also considered. Among strains resistant to quinolones and/or fluoroquinolones the most prevalent mechanism is amino acid substitutions in quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of genes gyrA, parC but mechanism of growing importance is plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) associated with genes qnrA, qnrB, qnrC, qnrD, qnrS but frequency of their detection is different...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922739/tyrosine-kinase-aurora-kinase-and-leucine-aminopeptidase-as-attractive-drug-targets-in-anticancer-therapy-characterisation-of-their-inhibitors
#13
Joanna Ziemska, Jolanta Solecka
Cancers are the leading cause of deaths all over the world. Available anticancer agents used in clinics exhibit low therapeutic index and usually high toxicity. Wide spreading drug resistance of cancer cells induce a demanding need to search for new drug targets. Currently, many on-going studies on novel compounds with potent anticancer activity, high selectivity as well as new modes of action are conducted. In this work, we describe in details three enzyme groups, which are at present of extensive interest to medical researchers and pharmaceutical companies...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546331/professor-jan-karol-kostrzewski-md-1915-2005-centenary-anniversary-of-the-birth
#14
Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546330/perception-of-dental-practitioners-regarding-the-use-of-antioxidants-in-oral-health
#15
Ravneet Kaur Randhawa, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
BACKGROUND: Free radicals play a key role in the development of several pathological conditions. Therefore, antioxidants (AOs) are the first line of defense against free radical damage and are critical for maintaining optimum health and well-being. OBJECTIVES: To assess the perception of dental practitioners regarding use of antioxidants in oral health. METHOD: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among 296 dental practitioners in Tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula, India)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546329/heavy-metals-hazards-from-nigerian-spices
#16
Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Samuel James Offor, Chinonso Judith Njoku, Ifeoma Victoria Ofoma, Chiaku Chinwe Chukwuogor, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
BACKGROUND: Natural spices are commonly used by the people in Nigeria. They may be easily contaminated with heavy metals when they are dried and then pose a health risk for the consumers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the levels of heavy metals in some commonly consumed natural spices namely Prosopis Africana, Xylopia aethiopica, Piper gineense, Monodora myristica, Monodora tenuifolia and Capsicum frutescens sold in the local markets of Awka, Anambra state, South East Nigeria to estimate the potential health risk...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546328/assessment-of-glycemic-load-and-intake-of-carbohydrates-in-the-diet-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#17
Dorota Różańska, Anna Kawicka, Klaudia Konikowska, Agnieszka Salomon, Katarzyna Zatońska, Andrzej Szuba, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Glycemic Load (GL) is one of the indicators that can be used to assess the nutritional value of the diet. The results of numerous studies have shown that high glycemic index and/or high GL diets were associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate dietary GL, intake of food products which are source of carbohydrates and contribution of particular carbohydrates in students' diets...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546327/fight-against-malnutrition-fam-selected-results-of-2006-2012-nutrition-day-survey-in-poland
#18
Joanna Ostrowska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized patients is a common issue increasing the morbidity and mortality rate. In response to the aforementioned problem the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) stated an action plan to fight malnutrition and created in 2004 the global health project named NutritionDay (nD) - a single-day, population based, standardized, multinational cross-sectional audit which is performed worldwide in hospitals and nursing homes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546326/analysis-of-polish-internet-retail-sites-offering-electronic-cigarettes
#19
Michał Konrad Zarobkiewicz, Mateusz Mariusz Woźniakowski, Mirosław Aleksander Sławiński, Patryk Michał Samborski, Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes as possibly healthier alternative to conventional cigarettes are gaining popularity worldwide, although they are still hazardous to human health. Partly it is caused by unregulated advertising and online sales. Unfortunately it is more and more popular for youth to try electronic cigarettes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the marketing claims used by Polish websites offering electronic cigarettes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search using Google search engine was performed in July 2015 for two keywords: e-papierosy [e-cigarettes] and elektroniczne papierosy [electronic cigarettes]...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546325/analysis-of-the-dietary-factors-contributing-to-the-future-osteoporosis-risk-in-young-polish-women
#20
Patrycja Sidor, Dominika Głąbska, Dariusz Włodarek
BACKGROUND: The osteoporosis is becoming serious problem for the preventive healthcare, that is stated for Poland and western countries. The loss of bone mass in women may be even five times higher than in men, so in the osteoporosis preventive strategies, young women are indicated as best potential target group. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the osteoporosis risk, on the basis of diet assessment in young Polish women, while satisfying nutritional needs for bone health-related nutrients was taken into account...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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