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Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny

Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Ravneet Kaur Randhawa, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
BACKGROUND: Free radicals play a key role in the development of several pathological conditions. Therefore, antioxidants (AOs) are the first line of defense against free radical damage and are critical for maintaining optimum health and well-being. OBJECTIVES: To assess the perception of dental practitioners regarding use of antioxidants in oral health. METHOD: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among 296 dental practitioners in Tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula, India)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Samuel James Offor, Chinonso Judith Njoku, Ifeoma Victoria Ofoma, Chiaku Chinwe Chukwuogor, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
BACKGROUND: Natural spices are commonly used by the people in Nigeria. They may be easily contaminated with heavy metals when they are dried and then pose a health risk for the consumers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the levels of heavy metals in some commonly consumed natural spices namely Prosopis Africana, Xylopia aethiopica, Piper gineense, Monodora myristica, Monodora tenuifolia and Capsicum frutescens sold in the local markets of Awka, Anambra state, South East Nigeria to estimate the potential health risk...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Dorota Różańska, Anna Kawicka, Klaudia Konikowska, Agnieszka Salomon, Katarzyna Zatońska, Andrzej Szuba, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Glycemic Load (GL) is one of the indicators that can be used to assess the nutritional value of the diet. The results of numerous studies have shown that high glycemic index and/or high GL diets were associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate dietary GL, intake of food products which are source of carbohydrates and contribution of particular carbohydrates in students' diets...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Joanna Ostrowska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized patients is a common issue increasing the morbidity and mortality rate. In response to the aforementioned problem the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) stated an action plan to fight malnutrition and created in 2004 the global health project named NutritionDay (nD) - a single-day, population based, standardized, multinational cross-sectional audit which is performed worldwide in hospitals and nursing homes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Michał Konrad Zarobkiewicz, Mateusz Mariusz Woźniakowski, Mirosław Aleksander Sławiński, Patryk Michał Samborski, Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes as possibly healthier alternative to conventional cigarettes are gaining popularity worldwide, although they are still hazardous to human health. Partly it is caused by unregulated advertising and online sales. Unfortunately it is more and more popular for youth to try electronic cigarettes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the marketing claims used by Polish websites offering electronic cigarettes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search using Google search engine was performed in July 2015 for two keywords: e-papierosy [e-cigarettes] and elektroniczne papierosy [electronic cigarettes]...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Patrycja Sidor, Dominika Głąbska, Dariusz Włodarek
BACKGROUND: The osteoporosis is becoming serious problem for the preventive healthcare, that is stated for Poland and western countries. The loss of bone mass in women may be even five times higher than in men, so in the osteoporosis preventive strategies, young women are indicated as best potential target group. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the osteoporosis risk, on the basis of diet assessment in young Polish women, while satisfying nutritional needs for bone health-related nutrients was taken into account...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Barbara Frączek, Maja Warzecha, Florentyna Tyrała, Aleksandra Pięta
BACKGROUND: Athletic performance can be substantially enhanced with supplements and functional food which are considered by scientists as efficient, safe and legal, such as protein, carbohydrate and protein-carbohydrate supplements, isotonic sports drinks, carbohydrate-protein bars, carbohydrate bars, creatine and caffeine. OBJECTIVE: The study is aimed at an analysis and evaluation of the prevalence of using effective ergogenic aids (creatine, caffeine, isotonic drinks, carbohydrates, and proteins) in a group of Polish professional athletes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Maria Gacek
BACKGROUND: Many studies documented an increase in the alcohol consumption among athletes, particularly among representatives of some disciplines, such as team sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyse the consumption of alcohol beverages among Polish elite team sport athletes, depending on their sex, age and selected personality traits (general self-efficacy and health locus of control). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 517 Polish team sport athletes (251 women an 266 men)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Eliza Kurek, Anna Ruszczyńska, Marcin Wojciechowski, Anna Łuciuk, Magdalena Michalska-Kacymirow, Ilona Motyl, Ewa Bulska
BACKGROUND: Selenium is an element of very great importance for the proper functioning of the human body, mainly due to its antioxidant properties. Selenium exhibits a preventive effect in the case of cardiovascular disease, the immune system, male infertility and inhibits the toxic action of other agents. Selenium is important for Hashimoto's disease. Intake of selenium in the diet slows the aging process. The biological and toxicological effects of selenium strongly depend on its chemical form...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Tomasz Szynal, Małgorzata Rebeniak, Monika Mania
BACKGROUND: In addition to the release of lead and cadmium from ceramic and glass vessels, (acceptable limits being set by the EU 84/500/EC Directive), other harmful metals can migrate, such as nickel and chromium. Permissible migration limits for these latter metals however have not yet been set in the EU legislation. Both the toxic properties of nickel and chromium and the measures taken by the European Commission Working Group on Food Contact Materials for verifying permissible migration limits for lead, cadmium and other metals from ceramics have acted as drivers for studies on nickel and chromium release from ceramic and glass tableware...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Ewa Szpyrka, Magdalena Słowik-Borowiec, Aneta Matyaszek, Magdalena Podbielska, Julian Rupar
BACKGROUND: The use of pesticide leads to the increase in quantity and quality of yields, but may also result in presence of toxic contaminants in food products. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland, to verify their compliance with the maximum residue levels' (MRLs) as specified in the EU regulations concerning products present in the market, and to assess the acute risk related to consumption of these products...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Sylwia Merkiel, Wojciech Chalcarz
UNLABELLED: The last review of the literature on nutrition in Polish children covered the years 1980-1995. From that time living conditions in Poland have changed due to political and economic changes. Attitudes toward eating and healthy life-style have also changed. Therefore, it is necessary to summarise current knowledge about what Polish preschool children eat. The aim of this article was to present the areas of research on nutrition in Polish preschool children based on the review of the literature, and to present and summarise the results of the studies on the assessment of preschool menus...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Małgorzata M Dobrzyńska
UNLABELLED: The general exposure to endocrine disruptors, including phthalates, is considered as one of the reason diminished sperm count and deteriorated sperm quality, which may lead to infertility and higher incidence of congenital malformations of the genital tract. This article describes the effects of selected phthalates di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP); butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-isononyl phthalate (DINP) on the male gametes, reproduction and the offspring of exposed animals...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Orish Ebere Orisakwe, Kenneth Obinna Okolo, Zelinjo Nkeiruka Igweze, Godwin Chukwuebuka Ajaezi, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle
BACKGROUND: Toothpastes have multi-functional configurations as oral care products. They can however constitute a pos- sible source, amongst others, of toxic metal exposure in public health. Indeed, the public health impact of personal hygiene and consumer products is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of toxic metals (lead, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, nickel) in toothpastes available in Nigeria, (home produced and imported), and assess the potential risk to the people...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Petra Lenártová, Marta Habánová, Jana Mrázová, Peter Chlebo, Joanna Wyka
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a major public health problem, which leads to the formation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is one of the main causes of avoidable death and disability worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was analysis and comparison of the visceral fat in the body of the three groups of subjects (non-smokers, smokers and COPD patients) by Tanita Viscan 140. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The control group was composed of: (1) non-smokers (n=30), consisted of 13 males (43...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Sylwia Merkiel, Wojciech Chalcarz
BACKGROUND: Monitoring energy intake in preschool children is the basis for planning intervention programmes. The published articles in which energy intake in Polish preschool children was reported are still very few. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess energy intake in preschool children from Piła, including energy intake and intake of energy from macronutrients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Energy intake was assessed from weighed food records kept over seven consecutive days by preschool staff and parents of 122 children, 61 girls and 61 boys, aged 4 to 6 years...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Marcinek, Rafał Wojciech Wójciak, Zbigniew Krejpcio
BACKGROUND: An adequately balanced daily food rations (DFR) providing the organism with a sufficient amount of energy and nutrients, including minerals, is particularly important in infanthood and early childhood due to the child's intensive physical, intellectual and motoric development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluation the supply of energy, nutrients and vitamins in daily food rations of children fed at home and in nursery schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 75 children aged 1-4 years were the research subjects...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Anna Morawska, Ilona Górna, Izabela Bolesławska, Juliusz Przysławski
BACKGROUND: A lack of knowledge or a fear of unknown products are common reasons why new foods are not accepted. A good example of such foods are those containing pro-health ingredients. These are termed functional foods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the level of knowledge that university students have on functional foods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subjects surveyed were 266 students from the Poznan University of Medical Sciences, majoring in Dietetics and Pharmacy...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Anna Kołłajtis-Dołowy, Katarzyna Żamojcin
BACKGROUND: Men are less than women interested in nutrition and health. Also low is their nutritional knowledge. More than 25% of men are unwilling to increase their knowledge about food and nutrition. The main sources of men's knowledge about lifestyle including nutrition consist of Internet, colleagues and family. The low level of knowledge about nutrition and health among men is worrying especially in the context of their incidence of chronic non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular disease, higher than in women...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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