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Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766700/health-policy-programs-realised-in-poland-in-2016-2017
#1
Patrycja Kurowska, Anna Królak, Wojciech Giermaziak
Background: Health Policy Program (Program Polityki Zdrowotnej – PPZ) is a state policy tool for engaging local government units into the mechanism of granting provision of health services. Authors show areas in which self-governments most often took preventive health care actions and describe legislative changes in the Act on provision of health services. Objective: The aim of the article is to quantitative and qualitative statement of PPZ prepared in Poland in 2016 and 2017, as well as presenting changing legal situation in the scope of evaluation of these projects...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766699/%C3%B0-valuation-of-health-status-of-children-attending-primary-schools-with-different-organization-of-physical-education-lessons
#2
Oleksandra S. Kondratiuk, Maria M. Korshun, Serhii I. Garkavyi, Serhii S. Garkavyi
Background: The mandatory swimming lesson in primary schools, equipped with swimming pools, was introduced without studying of its health-saving effectiveness. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health status of pupils studying in schools with different organization of physical education lessons. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study was organized in two schools with different organization of physical education lessons...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766698/eating-behaviours-of-primary-school-pupils-from-%C3%A5-l%C3%A4-skie-malopolskie-and-opolskie-voivodeships-in-poland
#3
Anna Dolipska, Mo Majerczyk, Aleksandra Góra, Karolina Janion, Elżbieta Szczepańska
Background: Nutrition is one of the major environmental factors affecting children’s physical development and health, with nutrition mistakes made in early years of life having short- and long-term health consequences. Objective: This study has been aimed at evaluating eating behaviours of primary school pupils and determining whether there are relationships between pupils’ eating habits and their area of residence. Material and methods: The study was conducted in primary schools located in the following voivodeships (administrative units) in Poland: Śląskie, Opolskie and Małopolskie, on a total sample of 1138 pupils...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766697/the-assessment-of-the-nutritional-value-of-meals-consumed-by-patients-with-recognized-schizophrenia
#4
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Magdalena Lech, Karolina Wilczyńska, Beata Konarzewska, Joanna Zapolska, Lucyna Ostrowska
Background: As studies show, changes in diet - so important in the therapy of psychiatric disorders and related to changes in appetite and nutritional preferences, including avoiding of the consumption of specific groups of products and dishes - are much more frequent among patients affected by schizophrenia. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the chosen nutritional habits, including the number and type of meals usually consumed during a day, snacking between meals and the energy value and content of the chosen nutrients in the diets of persons with recognized schizophrenia...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766696/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-status-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer
#5
Emilia Kałędkiewicz, Dorota Szostak-Węgierek
Background: Wrong dietary practices and excessive body mass may not only influence the risk of primary breast cancer but also the risk of its recurrence. Objective: Evaluation of dietary practices and identification of nutritional factors which may influence the risk of tumor recurrence in women with prior breast cancer. Materials and methods: The case-control study involved 108 women aged 50 years and older with history of breast cancer who were divided into two categories: women after completed cancer treatment with no recurrence for minimum 5 years (group I, n=82) and women with diagnosed breast cancer recurrence (group II, n=26)...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#6
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766694/analysis-of-the-choice-of-food-products-and-the-energy-value-of-diets-of-female-middle-and-long-distance-runners-depending-on-the-self-assessment-of-their-nutritional-habits
#7
Dominika Głąbska, Marta Jusińska
Background: Properly balanced diet is especially important in the case of young athletes, as it influences not only their physical development, but also influences results obtained during trainings and competitions. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the choice of food products and the energy value of diets of female middleand long-distance runners, depending on the self-assessment of their nutritional habits. Material and methods: The study was conducted in the group of 40 female middle- and long-distance runners, aged 15-25, who declared average diet (n=15, 37...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#8
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766692/the-influence-of-preschool-children%C3%A2-s-diets-on-the-risk-of-lifestyle-diseases-a-pilot-study
#9
Małgorzata Kostecka
Background: A healthy diet in early life not only contributes to physical and intellectual development, but it can also reduce the risk of disease in adulthood. There is growing evidence to indicate that childhood diets are highly correlated with health in adult years. Eating habits formed in childhood persist in later life. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diets of preschool children aged 3 to 6 years and to identify statistical correlations between dietary factors and the risk of lifestyle diseases...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766691/analysis-of-acrylamide-3-monochloropropane-1-2-diol-its-esters-and-glycidyl-esters-in-carbohydrate-rich-products-available-on-the-polish-market
#10
Anna Sadowska-Rociek, Magdalena Surma, Ewa Cieślik
Background: Carbohydrate-rich foods, such as breakfast products, snacks and biscuits because of its nutritional or sensory qualities are an inherent part of human diet. However, their production might contribute to the formation of acrylamide, 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and its esters and glycidyl esters. Objective: The aim of this work was to assess the levels of acrylamide, free and bound 3-MCPD and glycidyl esters in selected carbohydrate-rich, thermal processed products, present on the market in Poland in 2016-2017...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766690/garden-nasturtium-tropaeolum-majus-l-a-source-of-mineral-elements-and-bioactive-compounds
#11
Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda, Katarzyna Watychowicz, Jagoda Łukasiak, Jolanta Wolska
The garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) belongs to the family Tropaeolaceae. Native to South America it was brought to Europe in XVI century. It is a plant with numerous healing properties. Medicinal plants such as the garden nasturtium contain trace elements and bioactive compounds which can be easily absorbed by the human body. The flowers and other parts of the garden nasturtium are a good source of micro elements such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, and macro elements, especially of zinc, copper and iron...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766689/furan-in-roasted-ground-and-brewed-coffee
#12
Eliza Gruczyńska, Dorota Kowalska, Mariola Kozłowska, Ewa Majewska, Katarzyna Tarnowska
Coffee is the most popular hot beverage in the world. The annual coffee production in 2010, 2014 and 2016 was 8.1, 9.0 and 9.3 million tons respectively. There are more than 100 coffee species, but only two of them: Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora) have gained commercial importance. During roasting of green coffee beans not only desirable compounds are formed, that exert positive influence on the taste and flavour of coffee, but also small quantities of undesirable ones. Furan (C4H4O) is one of the latter...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519121/body-composition-and-fatty-tissue-distribution-in-women-with-various-menstrual-status
#13
Agnieszka Dmitruk, Jan Czeczelewski, Ewa Czeczelewska, Jolanta Golach, Urszula Parnicka
Background: Menopause, also referred to as climacterium, is a period of multiple changes in the structure and functions of a woman organism. Objective: Determination of differences in body composition and fatty tissue distribution in women from groups discriminated based on their menstrual status. Material and Methods: The survey covered 312 women aged 38-75 years. Menstrual status of the surveyed women was established according to WHO guidelines based on answers to a questionnaire, and three groups were discriminated: women in the premenopausal period (group 1), in the perimenopausal period (group 2), and in the postmenopausal period (group 3)...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519119/quality-of-drinking-water-from-the-agricultural-area-treated-with-pitcher-water-filters
#14
Elżbieta Królak, Jolanta Raczuk, Danuta Sakowicz, Elżbieta Biardzka
Background: Home methods of drinking water treatment through filtration have recently become quite popular. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare chemical composition of unfiltered water with water filtered in households with pitcher water filters. Obtained results were discussed in view of the effect of analysed chemical components of water on human health. Material and methods: Water samples were taken from water works supplies and from home dug wells from the agricultural area...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519118/comparison-of-diet-and-physical-activity-of-children-and-adolescents-with-patients-after-cancer-treatment
#15
Joanna Zapolska, Katarzyna Witczak-Sawczuk, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Małgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska, Joanna Smarkusz, Lucyna Ostrowska
Background: Properly balanced diet and exercise are an essential element of healthy living for children and adolescents. Particular attention should be paid to nutrition and physical activity among juniors after cancer treatment, which is one of the most important elements of the convalescence period. Objective: The aim of the study was a comparative analysis of diet, physical activity of healthy children and adolescents with patients after cancer treatment. Material and methods: The study involved 60 children and adolescents; 30 healthy juniors and 30 patients after treatment for cancer...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519117/assessment-of-nutritional-behaviours-of-children-aged-7-12-attending-to-primary-schools-in-biala-podlaska-poland
#16
Anna Galczak-Kondraciuk, Paweł Stempel, Jan Czeczelewski
Background: Children and youth constitute a group that is particularly prone to the effects of improper diet. In the puberty period, numerous significant lifestyle choices are made, for instance regarding particular nutritional behaviours which may be repeated later in life and may determine the state of health. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional behaviours of children aged 7-12 attending to primary schools in Biala Podlaska county (Eastern Region of Poland)...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519116/evaluation-of-food-storage-racks-available-on-the-polish-market-in-the-hygienic-context
#17
Wiesława Grzesińska, Marzena Tomaszewska, Beata Bilska, Joanna Trafiałek, Michał Dziadek
Background: Providing safe food products to the consumer depends on the material and technology used and adherence to hygienic practices, throughout the production process. The degree of microbial contamination of a surface is an important indicator of equipment cleanliness and effectiveness of cleaning and disinfection. Used material, construction solutions and quality of the applied devices also have an effect on hygienic status. Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the design and construction material of selected food storage racks, available on the Polish market, on their hygienic status...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517192/physical-activity-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-in-adolescents-from-the-eastern-region-of-poland
#18
Małgorzata Wasilewska, Józef Bergier
Background: The introduction and maintenance of healthy habits in the field of physical activity at the early stage of life is particularly important for public health. With increasing of public awareness in physical activity, researchers are increasingly questioning its determinants in different age groups. In this paper we focus on variables such as age, sex and place of residence. Objectives: To determine what selected socio-demographic factors influence the level of physical activity of school youth from the eastern region of Poland in different domains of daily life...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517191/the-combined-effects-of-alcohol-and-tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-on-birth-outcomes
#19
Jadwiga Hamułka, Monika A. Zielińska, Katarzyna Chądzyńska
Background: Exposure to alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy may lead to developmental disorders in the foetus and can also adversely impact pregnancy outcomes and the newborn’s health status. Objective: Assessment of alcohol consumption and tobacco use during pregnancy as well as their impact on pregnancy outcomes and birth parameters of the newborn in a selected group of mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 104 mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years living in the Mazowiecki Voivodeship...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517190/effect-of-caloric-restriction-on-liver-function-in-young-and-old-apoe-ldlr-mice
#20
Renata B. Kostogrys, Magdalena Franczyk-Żarów, Angelika Manterys, Iwona Wybrańska
Background: Caloric restriction (CR) leads to decrease metabolic intensity, which results in a reduction of oxygen consumption and the amount of free radicals. This can affect the function of the liver. Studies show that caloric restriction does not alter or significantly increase the enzyme activity associated with gluconeogenesis, but the effect was different according to the age of the model animals. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of caloric restriction on liver function in young and old ApoE/ LDLr-/- mice...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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