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Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny

Róża Chmielewska, Maciej Gawlak, Magdalena Bamburowicz-Klimkowska, Magdalena Popławska, Ireneusz P. Grudziński
Background: Polyethylenimine (PEI) plays important roles in the pharmaceutical design of non-viral gene delivery systems. Due to a set of unique physicochemical properties this cationic polymer has a great potential in modern gene therapies. Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the distribution of branched PEI (0.8 kDa) in zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio). Material and methods: Zebrafish embryos at 3 hours post-fertilization (hpf) were incubated with PEI (10 μg/ml) for 24 and 48 hours and studied using the confocal laser microscopy...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Urbanek-Olejnik, Monika Liszewska, Alicja Winczura, Agnieszka Hernik, Paweł Strucinski, Jan K. Ludwicki
Background: The changes in DNA methylation are considered as one of the early events in hepatocarcinogenesis. Objective: We evaluated the ability of phenobarbital (PB) – the most widely used anticonvulsant worldwide and classical rodent liver carcinogen – to cause the promoter region of the c-myc protooncogene hypomethylation as well as changes of mRNA level of this gene. Moreover, the expression of Dnmt1 protein in rat treated with this compound was analyzed...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Patrycja Kłósek, Sebastian Grosicki, Beata Całyniuk
Backgroun: Obesity is considered a disease. The treatment of obesity should include the modification of health behaviors in order to achieve long-term weight loss. Objectives: The comparison between traditional weight loss treatment with and without a motivational therapy. Materials and Methods: The study included 104 overweight women or women with obesity with a median age of 34. They were under the supervision of a dietician. The patients were divided into two groups: the standard group which was on an individualized and low-calorie diet developed by a dietitian and received substantial support, and the study group which additionally used motivational techniques...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Paweł Stempel, Anna Galczak-Kondraciuk, Jan Czeczelewski, Małgorzata Kołdej
Background: Children constitute a group that is particularly susceptible to the effects of improper nutrition. The knowledge of parents and guardians about proper nutrition affects their children’s nutritional habits and behaviours. Children develop their patterns of nutritional behaviours on the basis of their observations of nutritional habits of adults, nutrition trends and nutritional education. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional behaviours of children aged 3-7 from selected kindergartens in Biala Podlaska county...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Gołąbek, An Mandecka, Angelika Chachaj, Katarzyna Drożdż, Andrzej Szuba, Bożena Regulska- Ilow
Background: The inadequate nutritional status of hospitalized patients leading to the malnutrition is one of the crucial clinical problems. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional status of patients on the basis of the mini nutritional assessment (MNA) questionnaire. Material and Methods: The study group included 120 patients staying on the internal medicine ward. The average age for female and male was 65±9.7 and 63±8...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Daniel Puciato, Władysław Mynarski, Michał Rozpara, Agnieszka Nawrocka
Background: Modern research of health determinants and health-related behavior patterns places a particular emphasis on the assessment of physical activity levels in various social and professional groups. The deficit of physical activity has become a common cause of serious diseases. Following the ecological model of health behavior, physical activity as a biological and cultural phenomenon can be indirectly modified by such interpersonal factors as age, sex, somatic traits and education...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Dagmara Orzeł, Aureliusz Kosendiak, Monika Bronkowska
Background: One of the prerequisites to achieve high sports scores is to ensure the proper supply of nutrients. Both deficiency and excess of these components can cause malfunctions of bodies in athletes, which adversely affects their health and performance. Objective: Comparison of the frequency of intake of groups of vegetables and fruits, being sources of vitamins and minerals, by marathon runners in periods before and after the long-distance run. Material and Method: The frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption by marathoners was analyzed among women (n = 105) and men (n = 87) aged between 19 and 73 years, before and after running competition...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Martina Gažarová, Lucia Mečiarová, Jana Kopčeková, Mária Holovičová, Marta Habánová, Monika Bronkowska
Background: Physical activity is bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that requires energy expenditure and promotes health benefits. Appropriate physical activity is important in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, breast cancer, and others. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the body composition of the selected group of women in relation to physical activity (group of sporting women (S) versus group of non-sporting women (N-S) using an InBody 230 instrument based on the principle of bioelectric impedance...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Sa’eed Halilu Bawa, Natalia Rupert, Marquitta Webb
Background: Many risk factors, which contribute to the development of overweight and/or obesity have been investigated and identified. However, one of the largest independent contributors to the obesity epidemic, which is often overlooked, is the increased consumption of sweetened beverages, particularly among the adolescents and young adults. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sweetened beverage consumption and the development of overweight and obesity among the students of The University of the West Indies, St...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Wanda Wadas, Jolanta Raczuk
Background: New potatoes are imported to Poland mainly from the Mediterranean countries. In climate of the Mediterranean Basin potatoes can be grown twice a year. The different environment conditions during plant growth have effect on the tuber quality. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutrition safety of new potatoes imported to Poland in the winter period from Mediterranean countries on the basis of the ascorbate-nitrate index. Material and methods: The study material included potatoes imported from Cyprus, Egypt and Israel, purchased in the Siedlce city, from the beginning of February to the end of March 2015...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Dominika Kubica, Monika Kaczmarczyk, Alicja Kaszuba
Background: Plastic materials intended for contact with food sometimes exhibit unfavorable organoleptic properties which is related to the presence of volatile organic compounds. These substances not only worsen organoleptic properties, but can be very harmful to humans health. For the sake of consumer safety, it is necessary to control such materials for the content of substances harmful to health, as well as the possibility of their migration to food. Therefore, there is a need to have an appropriate and verified analytical method that could be used in the routine analysis of volatile organic substances present in food contact materials...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Anna Mandecka, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a concept which refers to a simultaneous occurrence of clinically significant cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors that increase the risk of atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes as well as their vascular complications. The metabolic syndrome is a complex disorder, therefore its treatment should be multifactorial and intensive. MetS occurs due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Each of MetS components is a well-known risk factor of atherosclerosis. Such modifications to the lifestyle as increasing physical activity, introducing a well-balanced diet and reducing the body mass are associated with reduced occurrence of MetS and its individual components...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Patrycja Kurowska, Anna Królak, Wojciech Giermaziak
Background: Health Policy Program (Program Polityki Zdrowotnej – PPZ) is a state policy tool for engaging local government units into the mechanism of granting provision of health services. Authors show areas in which self-governments most often took preventive health care actions and describe legislative changes in the Act on provision of health services. Objective: The aim of the article is to quantitative and qualitative statement of PPZ prepared in Poland in 2016 and 2017, as well as presenting changing legal situation in the scope of evaluation of these projects...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Oleksandra S. Kondratiuk, Maria M. Korshun, Serhii I. Garkavyi, Serhii S. Garkavyi
Background: The mandatory swimming lesson in primary schools, equipped with swimming pools, was introduced without studying of its health-saving effectiveness. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health status of pupils studying in schools with different organization of physical education lessons. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study was organized in two schools with different organization of physical education lessons...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Anna Dolipska, Mo Majerczyk, Aleksandra Góra, Karolina Janion, Elżbieta Szczepańska
Background: Nutrition is one of the major environmental factors affecting children’s physical development and health, with nutrition mistakes made in early years of life having short- and long-term health consequences. Objective: This study has been aimed at evaluating eating behaviours of primary school pupils and determining whether there are relationships between pupils’ eating habits and their area of residence. Material and methods: The study was conducted in primary schools located in the following voivodeships (administrative units) in Poland: Śląskie, Opolskie and Małopolskie, on a total sample of 1138 pupils...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Magdalena Lech, Karolina Wilczyńska, Beata Konarzewska, Joanna Zapolska, Lucyna Ostrowska
Background: As studies show, changes in diet - so important in the therapy of psychiatric disorders and related to changes in appetite and nutritional preferences, including avoiding of the consumption of specific groups of products and dishes - are much more frequent among patients affected by schizophrenia. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the chosen nutritional habits, including the number and type of meals usually consumed during a day, snacking between meals and the energy value and content of the chosen nutrients in the diets of persons with recognized schizophrenia...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Emilia Kałędkiewicz, Dorota Szostak-Węgierek
Background: Wrong dietary practices and excessive body mass may not only influence the risk of primary breast cancer but also the risk of its recurrence. Objective: Evaluation of dietary practices and identification of nutritional factors which may influence the risk of tumor recurrence in women with prior breast cancer. Materials and methods: The case-control study involved 108 women aged 50 years and older with history of breast cancer who were divided into two categories: women after completed cancer treatment with no recurrence for minimum 5 years (group I, n=82) and women with diagnosed breast cancer recurrence (group II, n=26)...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Dominika Głąbska, Marta Jusińska
Background: Properly balanced diet is especially important in the case of young athletes, as it influences not only their physical development, but also influences results obtained during trainings and competitions. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the choice of food products and the energy value of diets of female middleand long-distance runners, depending on the self-assessment of their nutritional habits. Material and methods: The study was conducted in the group of 40 female middle- and long-distance runners, aged 15-25, who declared average diet (n=15, 37...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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