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Yonsei Medical Journal

Seung Jun Choi, Eunkyung Lee, Sinyoung Kim, Chuhl Joo Lyu, Hyun Ok Kim
In this study, we report a case of anti-Gerbich (Ge) alloantibody to a high-prevalence Ge antigen in a donor with Fy(a-b-) phenotype. The alloantibody was detected in an Emirati boy who was admitted to a Korean tertiary hospital for marrow hematopoietic progenitor cell donation. He did not have a history of transfusion. His blood type was A, RhD+, and findings from the antibody screening and identification test showed 2+ reactivity in all panel cells except autologous cells. We concluded that it would be very difficult to find compatible blood components for the donor and requested further tests from external laboratories...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Jungmee Kim, Ji Hwan Bang, Ju Young Shin, Bo Ram Yang, Joongyub Lee, Byung Joo Park
PURPOSE: A high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is reported for HIV-infected individuals. While a link between abacavir and CVD risk is suggested, an association between abacavir and hypertension remains unclear. This study evaluated hypertension risk with abacavir use in comparison to non-abacavir antiretroviral treatment (ART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a nationwide cohort of HIV-infected individuals on their initial ART, 6493 who were free of hypertension at baseline were analyzed...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Jun Il Yoo, Young Kyun Lee, Kyung Hoi Koo, Young Jin Park, Yong Chan Ha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify concerns among older adult patients with acute hip fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed with 152 consecutive patients with hip fracture. Details were obtained on perioperative concerns about hip fracture using a questionnaire that was specifically designed for this study and was administered face to face upon admission. The study inclusion criteria were age older than 65 years and having experienced femur neck, intertrochanteric, or subtrochanteric fracture...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Yong Won Kim, Hyung Il Kim, Sung Oh Hwang, Yoon Seop Kim, Gyo Jin An, Kyoung Chul Cha
PURPOSE: Recent basic life support (BLS) guidelines recommend a 30:2 compression-to-ventilation ratio (CV2) or chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CC); however, there are inevitable risks of interruption of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in CV2 and hypoxemia in CC. In this study, we compared the short-term outcomes among CC, CV2, and 30:1 CV ratio (CV1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 42 pigs were randomly assigned to CC, CV1, or CV2 groups...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Kyung Eun Lee, Hye Mi Jee, Jung Yeon Hong, Mi Na Kim, Mi Seon Oh, Yun Seon Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu Earn Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn
PURPOSE: Cockroach exposure is a pivotal cause of asthma. Tight junctions are intercellular structures required for maintenance of the barrier function of the airway epithelium, which is impaired in this disease. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) digest extracellular matrix components and are involved in asthma pathogenesis: MMP1 is a collagenase with a direct influence on airway obstruction in asthmatics. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which German cockroach extract (GCE) induces MMP1 expression and whether MMP1 release alters cellular tight junctions in human airway epithelial cells (NCI-H292)...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Ji Ho Lee, Sang Ha Kim, Youngwoo Choi, Hoang Kim Tu Trinh, Eun Mi Yang, Ga Young Ban, Yoo Seob Shin, Young Min Ye, Kenji Izuhara, Hae Sim Park
PURPOSE: Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is a leading cause of occupational asthma (OA). Periostin is a matricellular protein implicated in type 2 immunity-driven asthma. Its pathogenic role in TDI-OA has not been completely elucidated. The present study was performed to investigate the role of periostin in TDI-OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum periostin levels were measured in subjects with TDI-OA, asymptomatic TDI-exposure controls (AECs), non-occupational asthmatics (NAs), and unexposed normal controls (NCs)...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Xiaoling Zhao, Yue Sun, Yongbo Ding, Jun Zhang, Kezhong Li
PURPOSE: Research has shown that sevoflurane-induced toxicity causes neurodegeneration in the developing brain. miR-34a has been found to negatively regulate ketamine-induced hippocampal apoptosis and memory impairment. However, the role of miR-34a in sevoflurane-induced hippocampal neurodegeneration remains largely unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57/BL6 mice (7-day-old) inhaled 2.3% sevoflurane for 2 h/day over 3 consecutive days. miR-34a expression was reduced through intracerebroventricular injection with miR-34a interference lentivirus vector (LV-anti-miR-34a) into mouse hippocampus after anesthesia on the first day of exposure...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Yeshin Kim, Yeon Lim Suh, Seung Joo Kim, Moon Hwan Bae, Jae Bum Kim, Yuna Kim, Kyung Chan Choi, Gi Yeong Huh, Eun Joo Kim, Jung Seok Lee, Hyun Wook Kang, Sung Mi Shim, Hyun Joung Lim, Young Ho Koh, Byeong Chae Kim, Kyung Hwa Lee, Min Cheol Lee, Ho Won Lee, Tae Sung Lim, William W Seeley, Hee Jin Kim, Duk L Na, Kyung Hoon Lee, Sang Won Seo
PURPOSE: Obtaining brain tissue is critical to definite diagnosis and to furthering understanding of neurodegenerative diseases. The present authors have maintained the National Neuropathology Reference and Diagnostic Laboratories for Dementia in South Korea since 2016. We have built a nationwide brain bank network and are collecting brain tissues from patients with neurodegenerative diseases. We are aiming to facilitate analyses of clinic-pathological and image-pathological correlations of neurodegenerative disease and to broaden understanding thereof...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Sang Jun Lee, Ji Hoon Na, Jinu Han, Young Mock Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the classification, diagnosis, and natural course of ophthalmoplegia associated with mitochondrial disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 372 patients with mitochondrial disease who visited our hospital between January 2006 and January 2016, 21 patients with ophthalmoplegia were retrospectively identified. Inclusion criteria included onset before 20 years of age, pigmentary retinopathy, and cardiac involvement. The 16 patients who were finally included in the study were divided into three groups according to disease type: Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), KSS-like, and chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO)...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Weifeng Gong, Xiaobo Guo, Yangmin Zhang
PURPOSE: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) poses a risk of chronic liver disease and threatens a significant number of people worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are linked to the regulation of hepatocarcinogenesis. Although miR-373 is required for HCV infection, the underlying mechanisms of miR-373 involvement in HCV replication remain elusive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription PCR assays were performed to detect the abundances of miR-373 and HCV RNA either in Huh 7...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Junghun Lee, Ahreum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Woo Jung Lee, Tae Hyuk Kim, Ho Seong Kim
PURPOSE: Growth hormone secretagogues (GHSs) possess the ability to release growth hormone (GH) in the body. This study aimed to investigate the effects of MK-677, an orally active GHS, on somatic growth in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The serum levels of GH were measured after oral administration of MK-677 to confirm GH stimulatory effects. Body weight, body length, tibia length, epiphyseal plate width, and serum levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I were measured after oral administration of 4 mg/kg of MK-677 for 6 weeks to investigate growth-promoting effects...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Ding Shi, Jinjin Liu
PURPOSE: Information on the possible role of the ribosomal protein S15a (RPS15a) in gastric cancer is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of RPS15a gene expression on the growth and cell cycle of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo . MATERIALS AND METHODS: RPS15a mRNA expression was examined in cancer tissues and their corresponding adjacent normal tissues of 40 gastric adenocarcinoma patients. Next, RPS15a was knocked down using a lentivirus-mediated RNA interference (short hairpin RNA) system in the gastric cancer cell line BGC823...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Yongzhu Li, Chunyan Luan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect and mechanism of phospholipase C epsilon gene 1 ( PLCE1 ) expression on esophageal cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The esophageal carcinoma cell lines Eca109 and EC9706 and normal esophageal epithelial cell line HEEC were cultured. The expression of PLCE1, protein kinase C alpha (PKCα), and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p50/p65 homodimer in cells were comparatively analyzed. The esophageal cancer cells were divided into si-PLCE1, control siRNA (scramble), and mock groups that were transfected with specific siRNA for PLCE1, control siRNA, and blank controls, respectively...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Yan Fu, Peizhun Du, Jing Zhao, Cheng'en Hu, Yunyun Qin, Guangjian Huang
Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. GC stem-like cells (GCSCs), with unlimited self-renewal, differentiation, and tumor-regenerating capacities, contribute significantly to the refractory features of GC and have gained increasing attention for their role in GC drug resistance, relapse, and metastasis. Therapies targeting GCSCs seem to be one of the most promising methods to improve the outcomes of GC patients. Extensive investigations have attempted to outline the regulatory mechanisms in GCSCs and to develop GCSCs-targeting therapies with which to diminish GC drug resistance, metastasis and relapse...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Misu Lee, Haeyong Ko, Mijin Yun
Various molecular targeted therapies and diagnostic modalities have been developed for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, HCC still remains a difficult malignancy to cure. Recently, the focus has shifted to cancer metabolism for the diagnosis and treatment of various cancers, including HCC. In addition to conventional diagnostics, the measurement of enhanced tumor cell metabolism using F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) for increased glycolysis or C-11 acetate for fatty acid synthesis by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is well established for clinical management of HCC...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Joanna Słomko, Monika Zawadka-Kunikowska, Mariusz Kozakiewicz, Jacek J Klawe, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Julia L Newton, Paweł Zalewski
This study aimed to analyze the impact of sleep deprivation (SD) on cardiac, hemodynamic, and endothelial parameters and to determine whether these are sustained with increased periods of SD. The study included 60 healthy men (mean: age 31.2±6.3 years; body mass index 24.6±2.6 kg/m²). Hemodynamic parameters, parameters of myocardial contractility, spectral analysis of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) variability, and the sensitivity of arterial baroreflex function were evaluated. Biochemical tests were performed to assess L-arginine (L-Arg) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels in reflection of endothelial nitric oxide synthase ability...
November 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Ying Xing, Jie Ming, Tao Liu, Nana Zhang, Dingjun Zha, Ying Lin
PURPOSE: Previous reports have shown that hyperglycemia-induced inhibition of transient receptor potential vanilloid sub type 4 (TRPV4), a transient receptor potential ion channel, affects the severity of hearing impairment (HI). In this study, we explored the role of TRPV4 in HI using HEI-OC1 cells exposed to high glucose (HG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HEI-OC1 cells were cultured in a HG environment (25 mM D-glucose) for 48 hours, and qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to analyze the expression of TRPV4 at the mRNA and protein level...
November 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Si Heon Kim, Sang Baek Koh, Cheol Min Lee, Changsoo Kim, Dae Ryong Kang
PURPOSE: Exposure to indoor radon is associated with lung cancer. This study aimed to estimate the number of lung cancer deaths attributable to indoor radon exposure, its burden of disease, and the effects of radon mitigation in Korea in 2010. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lung cancer deaths due to indoor radon exposure were estimated using exposure-response relations reported in previous studies. Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated to quantify disease burden in relation to premature deaths...
November 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Byoung Jin Ha, Jin Young Choi, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae Im Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate biomechanical properties of the cornea using a dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer according to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional, observational study, participants underwent ophthalmic investigations including corneal biomechanical properties, keratometric values, intraocular pressure (IOP), and manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE). We determined the relationship of biomechanical parameters and ocular/systemic variables (participant's age, MRSE, IOP, and mean keratometric values) by piecewise regression analysis, association of biomechanical parameters with variables by Spearman's correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses, and reference intervals (RI) by the bootstrap method...
November 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Jin Sun Ryu, Sun Woo Choi, Sung Su Yun, Bon Hoon Koo, In Seok Choi, Seung Jun Kim, Joon Seong Park, Jeong Ho Seok, Dong Sup Yoon
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effectiveness of meaning-centered psychotherapy (MCP), which is known to be a helpful psychotherapeutic intervention in distressing conditions, for patients with pancreatobiliary cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 37 patients with pancreatobiliary cancer from three university general hospitals and assessed their psychological characteristics. Patients who reported clinically significant emotional distress were recommended to undergo MCP...
November 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
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